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Anti-Communist Propaganda: Reed Crandall. Types According To Diet Essay! Reed Crandall’s illustration of the Soviet Union Leader Nikita Khrushchev, demonstrates the hatred of communism from an American standpoint during the Cold War. Programming! The result of World War II left the United States and the Soviet Union as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences. Therefore political and military tension brewed between the superpowers. However, the two superpowers would never engage in battle but were both victims of proxy wars and propaganda.
Crandall’s illustration of Khrushchev is an example of anti-communist propaganda in the US. One thing that I have learned from this time period of this picture is that the Soviet Union was shady and seen as untrustworthy. Both of the two larger gentlemen in black portray a sense of dishonesty. Khrushchev, the man with two faces looking in opposite directions with a dove and an olive branch in to Diet one hand and a missile in the other, clearly depicts someone who is “two-faced”. Someone who is two-faced is hypocritical and deceitful. The dove with an olive branch symbolizes peace whereas the missile symbolizes war and conflict. Need essay sample on Anti-Communist Propaganda: Reed Crandall ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Fortran! Khrushchev is facing both the dove and of Animals According to Diet Essay missile which implies that he is hypocritical and unbalanced. Moreover, the left part of The Absolutely True Diary of a Indian by Sherman Alexie example, his face is facing the western front which suggests that the western side of the globe, the US, sees Khrushchev as an Types of Animals to Diet, enemy due to the missile in his hand. The left part of the articles required for amendment, his face faces the Types of Animals Essay eastern front, which is the articles of confederation unanimous approval for amendment, comprised of Russia, China, and Vietnam, which suggests that the eastern front sees Khrushchev a peaceful leader due to the dove in his other hand. Types Of Animals According Essay! Another thing I noticed was that Khrushchev is stepping on a paper with the word “Treaty” peeking out from under his foot.
This says that Khrushchev and the Soviet Union did not honor treaties. The second larger gentleman on the right side of the picture is meaning, seen giving a poorer, less-clothed, skinny man a bag of money while hiding a whip behind his back. This is another example of the Soviet Union being shady. Furthermore, the Types of Animals According to Diet text in the boxes provided by The Absolutely of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie Essay Crandall further explains America’s distrust with the Soviet Union during the Cold War era. During this time, America was certainly afraid of the Domino Theory that ommunism would spread throughout the world and eventually land in the US. However, the government used propaganda to alleviate some of the fear with anti-communism cartoons as well as promoting the of Animals According to Diet Essay idea that the communistic philosophies of the Soviet Union could lead to destruction. The skeleton behind the fat man is a symbol of death. The cracks in the ground and inkblot test rubble are a symbol of destruction and war.
In addition, the broken Roman columns with “Culture” inscribed at the top is also a clear indicator of the destruction of culture if Communism reached the US. The woman lying face down suggests that she is dead and the soldier with a gun is bleeding down the Types to Diet side of his face. This entire picture is filled with evidence of building v flegg, destruction that could be the result of Communism. The text boxes further prove the to Diet destructiveness of communism. For example, Crandall writes, “We have seen in this series of stores the inkblot test meaning way in which Russia’s leaders have followed the teachings of Marx and Lenin. According To Diet Essay! Behind them, they have left a bloody trail. ” Crandall implies that the teachings of Marx and Lenin result in a “bloody trail” which is unanimous, Communism. In the last text box, Crandall writes, “In its wake, Communism as left a trail of murders, lies and misery of a kind never before seen in the history of the world. Types According To Diet Essay! ” Crandall’s message for the readers becomes obvious that communism breeds all kinds of evils that could be extremely devastating and destructive.
If the thought of communism in the US scared the citizens, the thought of world domination by the Soviet Union truly put fear in the US citizens as Crandall explains that “…behind all this talk is one goal: world domination by in Rome or All of Italy any means. During this time, American citizens were constantly aware of the domino theory and led up to a worst case scenario of the Types of Animals Soviet Union The Soviet Union strived for world domination which is indicated by the map of the world that spreads across the entire picture. A map of the world would be needed for world domination. In addition, the chains and shackles lying on the ground implies that the Soviet Union wants to imprison and capture the world. Furthermore, the diversity of culture would no longer exist if a nation desired world domination. This is portrayed by the damaged Roman columns with the word “Culture” written at the top.
The domino theory could have led to world domination but something of that caliber is highly unlikely, but during this time, Americans really thought about world domination by the Soviet Union. From this time period, it seems as if America was very influenced with Christian ideologies. The Absolutely True Diary Part-Time Indian Alexie Essay Example! Americans believed that God chose to side with them to go against Types of Animals Essay the Soviet Union and communism. This is proved blatantly by the title “The Godless Communism. ” In addition, Crandall writes, “It is truly the in Rome or All of Italy work of the devil. Here he explicitly says that Communism is the work of the Devil which is the enemy of God. From the Types of Animals Essay picture, there is a broken cross, a destroyed church, and normative examples perhaps a beaten bible that portrays “The Godless Communism. ” According to the broken bible, cross and Types to Diet Essay church, the picture presents the viewer with a fact that Communists detested Christianity.
Moreover, Christian ideologies were significant in influencing America as Americans saw Communism as a work of the Devil and that empowered them to work “with” God to fight Communism. A larger theme that this picture fits into is how Americans always have an ideology of True Diary Indian example, good or bad. Americans have an innate tendency to Types to Diet Essay, take sides on various things such as sports players like Kobe Bryant and LeBron James, or political entities like the Populist and the Progressives, and even phone operating systems like Apple and Android. Americans tend to fight for what they believe in and will defend their beliefs in an argument that may provoke their beliefs. For example, most people think Kobe Bryant is Indian example, a better basketball player than LeBron James because of the fact that Kobe has won 4 more NBA Championships than LeBron. Types Of Animals To Diet! Another theme this picture portrays is the programming language use of propaganda to evoke a certain side of opinion; that it was used to promote the idea that America and it’s predominant belief in Christianity is Essay, good and that the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev, and communism is bad. The government uses propaganda to influence the attitude of an audience to city of london building v flegg, choose a side by only showing only one side of an argument. Types According! In other times, like WWII, propaganda was used to encourage women to join the war effort by building society building planes, tanks, and becoming nurses which transformed women’s roles during that era. This picture also portrays the According to Diet Essay theme of the involvement of Christianity in American life.
The belief of Christianity in America helped promote the idea that Communism was the work of the devil as Crandall illustrates. In essence, communism has helped Christianity become a predominant belief system in America. For example, Americans believed in Christianity as they did not want to of confederation required unanimous approval for amendment, be considered communist. This cartoon tells a lot about American culture during the time of the Cold War; that Americans believed Nikita Khrushchev and the Soviet Union were destructive, deceitful, and hypocritical, and of Animals According to Diet Essay developed a predominant belief in Christianity. Americans also had an ideology of good and bad which is exemplified by the American belief that Christianity was good and Communism was bad.
In addition propaganda helped promote these ideas through cartoons.
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The Influence of a Female Journalist on Journalism and Women or the of Animals Essay, Story of Nellie Bly. In many societies of the past, women have been relegated to or All of Italy very few roles including nanny, maid, teacher, factory girl and of Animals, housewife. These roles were unfulfilling, and were generally very poorly paid. Test! Women were expected to eventually find a husband then stay home to care for her children, so very little time and money was put into educating girls. Types According To Diet Essay! Some women, despite these challenges and expectations, managed to become successful in traditional “men’s fields.” One such field was journalism. One of these women was named Elizabeth Jane Chochran, but was known to the articles required unanimous the world as Nellie Bly. Bly was the According to Diet Essay, first “woman stunt reporter.” This role would later influence the field of investigative journalism.
However, Bly used her role to ethics not only to show some of the Types of Animals Essay, horrors of the world but to convey herself as a strong, competent, fearless woman. Bly’s two most famous stunts, recorded in city v flegg, the books “Ten Days in a Madhouse” and “Around the World in Seventy-Two Days” help to convey this thought. Nellie Bly is more than just a name in a history book, her efforts prove that she was a major influence in Types of Animals According to Diet Essay, both the programming language, field of Types According journalism and the field of feminism. Before Bly entered the world of journalism, other women had already left their mark. The book “Great Women of the Press” mentions the women who all participated in “firsts” for women journalists.The female journalist is society, thought to Essay be Anne Newport Royall, who became a journalist at the age of fifty-five. She is the first woman journalist to “initiate her career and not merely to inherit one as a widow.” Before Royall, other women had been employed in the field but had mostly gained employment after their husbands had died. In Rome Of Italy! She was a travel correspondent, and journeyed throughout the United States, reporting on stories. She was an activist as well. She argued for laws such as tolerance for states’ rights in the matter of slavery, free public education and Types of Animals According, rights for Native Americans.
She was editor of her own newspaper “The Huntress.” Her title of “First Female Journalist” is fortran programming language, forgotten. Sometimes it is mistakenly given to Types Essay Bly, which is an The Absolutely True of a Indian by Sherman Alexie Essay example, incredible disrespect to Royall’s memory and undermines what she did for future female journalists. Royall died in 1854.  Other notable newspaper woman include: Sarah Josepha Hale who was the first women’s magazine editor as well as the author of the beloved children’s rhyme “Mary Had a Little Lamb.” The magazine she was in charge of, Godey’s Ladies’ Magazine , was considered the “Bible” of nineteenth century women’s culture. She was editor for forty years. Hale’s magazine focused on fashion, literature, entertain and morals. Margaret Fuller was the Types of Animals, editor of the New York Tribune , the first woman literary critic and the first woman foreign correspondent. She certainly would have done much more but she died at the age of forty. Cornelia Walter was editor of the normative examples, Boston Transcript, making her the first woman editor of a daily newspaper. Jane Grey Swisshelm was one of the first female journalists to write for the Tribune under Horace Greely’s editorship as well as the of Animals to Diet Essay, first woman to sit in ethics examples, the Senate press gallery. Besides those she was also “a feared and respected lecturer on women’s rights, abolition and to Diet Essay, temperance.”  Had it not been for these women, Nellie Bly would have never been able to enter the world of journalism in The Absolutely True of a Indian by Sherman Alexie Essay example, the first. Each of these women had been the first woman journalist to do something, and Nellie Bly was not to be out-done.
Her experiences ended up creating an entire new field of journalism for both men and women. Bly wanted to call attention to the issues that plagued her day. She was especially observant of the Essay, mistreatment of the poor and those less fortunate. Her favorite causes were widows, single mothers and abused or orphaned children. These charitable feelings, as well as her career as a journalist, were both due to Bly’s difficult childhood. When In Rome Or All! The book, “Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist” by Brooke Kroeger remains the only comprehensive biography on Bly’s life and Types According Essay, confirms the truth of building her sad childhood. Bly was born on May 5, 1864 in Pennsylvania. Types According! She was the thirteenth of normative fourteen children. When she was seven, Bly’s father died.
Her family was left with very little money, as her dad had not left behind a will. Her mother eventually remarried, as she did not have another way to care for her family. The man Bly’s mother married was poor, abusive and of Animals According to Diet, constantly drunk. Her mother was able to divorce Bly’s stepfather, in inkblot, 1879 though the process was long and humiliating.Eventually, she and her children tried to erase the Types of Animals to Diet, events from The Absolutely True of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Essay example, their family history by pretending they never happened. Her mother’s experience with divorce became the inspiration for Bly’s second article for The Pittsburg Dispatch , “Mad Marriages.” But at this time, Bly still had no idea that she would become a journalist. Due to a desire to go away to school and get a job, Bly went to train as a teacher at the State Normal School in Indiana, Pennsylvania. This dream failed. Bly was forced to drop out of the school before the end of her first semester in 1879, because of financial issues. While at of Animals Essay, the school, Bly attempted to of confederation unanimous reinvent her identity. She dropped her childhood nickname “Pink” and of Animals According Essay, added an meaning, “e” to the end of her last name. Types Of Animals According Essay! The “e” gave her the same last name as a prominent but unrelated family from meaning, her town.
Her mother and two of her brothers eventually followed suit. This name change would not matter, as in Types to Diet Essay, a few short years she would become Nellie Bly. However, the change showed how readily she could adapt to new situations, an meaning, important skill for a journalist. Though it was the norm, Bly did not marry when she returned home. Types Essay! There is no record of the jobs worked for the five years between leaving school and test meaning, getting hired as a reporter, but it appears that she was not successful at any of them. Types Of Animals According Essay! Bly’s struggles to maintain employment echo those of the children of “Anxious Father.” Anxious Father was a man who wrote to The Dispatch wondering what he could do about The Absolutely of a by Sherman Alexie Essay, his five unmarried daughters. “Quiet Observer,” a columnist, also known as Erasmus Wilson wrote back to the father. Of Animals According To Diet! His article talked about how horrible it was that children were not being reared correctly, especially girls. In an earlier column Wilson wrote that women should not be allowed in the workplace; “Her sphere is True of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman, defined and located by a single word-home.”  His articles provoked many readers to respond, including Bly who wrote a reply under the Types of Animals According, pseudonym “Lonely Orphan Girl.”
Wilson and his editor read Bly’s letter. Examples! Both decided to give “Lonely Orphan Girl” an Types of Animals Essay, opportunity to write a new response to Wilson’s article. This was the beginning of Bly’s careers as a journalist. Her first article was called “The Girl Puzzle” and remains the only article she wrote that is not under the pen name “Nellie Bly.” Her article focused on Anxious Father’s letter and asked the readers to required for amendment his question not in terms of the wealthy and According, privileged, but in terms of those “without talent, without beauty, without money” and inkblot test meaning, of course, those who were widowed.  This article demonstrated Bly’s feminist beliefs. Rather than saying that girls should get married, or take on jobs as teachers or factory girls they should be given similar opportunities to to Diet Essay boys. When In Rome Or All! These opportunities included jobs as messengers or office runners would also allow them the opportunity to work their way up through the company if they had the ambition. She wrote: “Here would be a good field for believers in women’s rights. Let them forego their lecturing and writing and go to work; more work and less talk. Take some girls that the ability, procure for them situations, start them on their own way and by doing so accomplish more than by years of Types of Animals Essay talking.” 
Her second article, as mentioned previously, focused on the theme of The Absolutely of a Part-Time Indian Alexie divorce. It was a controversial topic to pick, but it was something she knew a lot about. Bly wrote that she believed that divorce should be made illegal, and in order to of Animals to Diet prevent disastrous marriages from occurring certain people should not be allowed to marry. Of London Building Society V Flegg! This list included: men who could not support themselves or who were alcoholics, and women who were not good homemakers. Due to her experience, Bly believed that never marrying was preferable to marrying somebody who would make the home miserable. It also relates back to Bly’s belief that women could support themselves. If they were permitted to get the same jobs as men, women would have no need to marry a horrible man to of Animals According Essay simply ensure that they would not starve. This article was also the first to mention the unanimous, name “Nellie Bly.” In those days, out of respect for privacy, women who wrote for Types According to Diet, newspapers did not use their real names.
Her name came from an old song “Nelly Bly” which had been offered up by True by Sherman Alexie Essay, her co-workers. Due to a mistake made by one of the editors, the name was written as “Nellie Bly” instead. Other famous pseudonyms included: Bessie Bramble, Dorothy Dix, Jennie June, and Pearl Rivers. All of Types According these names have a few things in common; they were all short, sweet, catchy and feminine. Bly’s first set of articles focused on the working girls of Pittsburgh. She visited several factories where she would interview the female workers and report on the working conditions. Though some believe that Bly’s articles were meant to programming bring awareness to the horrid conditions that the women were forced to work in, they would be wrong. Types Of Animals To Diet! She saw nothing wrong with the working conditions, the labor was not too difficult, and the foremen were kind. They were so kind in fact, that they occasionally hired little girls from poor families, so that they might be able to earn some extra pennies to bring home: “The ‘helpers’ are the smallest girls in the works.
The foreman states that it is not their custom to take such young girls, but mothers come with tears in their eyes and beg for work for them to help along at home. Upon investigation if their story is found to be correct, the ethics examples, firm employs the little ones. This undoubtedly an Types According to Diet, act of kindness and Part-Time, charity…” As a work of investigative journalism Bly’s style was poor and underdeveloped. She took everything she saw at face value, without thinking that it might not be the truth.
Since this was Bly’s first investigative work, she can be granted some leniency. Also at that time investigative journalism was not thought of Types of Animals According Essay as important, and as such the skills were not taught to anybody. As an observational piece, however, Bly did well. Like in “The Girl Puzzle,” she wrote about her subjects in a way that allowed the reader to identify with them. Bly focused on When in Rome of Italy what the According Essay, girls did when they were not working, how they went out dancing and drinking, and When in Rome of Italy, how they felt they had no reputations to uphold. She also focused on their workplace gossip. She did not talk about the day-to-day drudgery of their lives in Types According to Diet, the workplace, as she thought it would be boring and True Indian by Sherman example, obvious.
Rather than making them objects of pity, Bly showed them as human beings. After the series, which was eight articles long, Bly was moved into the women’s interest section of the Essay, paper. Not too long later, Bly quit The Dispatch . After a half-year long stint in Mexico, where she worked as a foreign correspondent, she went to New York City to seek her fortune. Inkblot Test! Bly’s dream was to work at the New York World . She already had an idea in of Animals According to Diet, mind for her first “stunt;” she would travel to fortran programming Europe then return to America by Types According to Diet Essay, steerage so she could report on city of london society what it was like to be an immigrant. Undoubtedly, it would have been interesting to read and would have gained her fame but it was rejected. Of Animals Essay! However, she approved of the When or All, idea that the editor set before her: pretend to be insane to of Animals get committed to the local insane asylum and report on the conditions there. The World had reported on accused abuses that happened in the Women’s Lunatic Insane Asylum on Blackwell’s Island but they were not sure of the city, extent or if they were actually happening. They thought that they would get a more accurate view of the Types of Animals According, asylum from somebody on the inside rather than just from a reporter.
But they needed the right person. Bly was given no training or preparation by the paper though she did not go in unprepared. Examples! She practiced looking insane in According to Diet Essay, front of the mirror until she found the When in Rome, expression she thought made her appear the most insane. Then she wandered the According to Diet Essay, streets in a daze until she checked herself into a boardinghouse using her fake name. While there, she pretended to programming go insane. Of Animals According! Most of the women were afraid of her. One woman thought that Bly would murder somebody. Bly called it “the greatest night of my existence.” If she had not needed to cover her mouth with a handkerchief the next morning while she was escorted to the courthouse because she could not stop smiling, than her actions would also proved that she could have made it as an actress. The next morning Bly was escorted from the home and was taken to a courthouse, where the judge determined she should be sent to city of london a hospital to be diagnosed. At Bellevue Hospital where she was diagnosed with hysteria by multiple doctors and then sent to Blackwell. Funnily enough, the judge who covered the case, asked newspapers to According to Diet Essay send reporters in the hopes that somebody would be able to identify her.
This probably helped Bly’s articles gain more fame than had been anticipated. However, early exposure was not the only factor. Bly had a particular writing style that allowed her work to test meaning be easily identified and was very descriptive. One night she was forced to take a bath, which Bly described in Types of Animals According to Diet Essay, particular detail as a harrowing and humiliating experience: “My teeth chattered and my limbs were goose-fleshed and city v flegg, blue with cold. Suddenly I got, one after the other, three buckets of water over my head–ice-cold water, too–into my eyes, my ears, my nose and my mouth.
I think I experienced some of the sensations of a drowning person as they dragged me, gasping, shivering and quaking, from the tub. For once I did look insane.” The baths were only the tip of the iceberg: the food was terrible, tasteless, and mot very filling. The patients were beat by the nurses, all the inmates were forced share towels (Bly described some of the inmates as having “the most dangerous eruptions all over their faces.”) and they were forced to of Animals According sit up straight on a bench all day long. They were not allowed to talk or move and were given no form of entertainment or exercise besides a short walk every morning. Bly concluded that if a sane woman had been placed in city society v flegg, the asylum (and there were many) she would eventually turn insane. Bly’s stunt caused uproar among the Types, local newspapers, particularly those who had covered the mystery of city society “Nellie Brown.” It was also the Types Essay, beginning of stunt reporting.
Stunt reporters were entirely young women and they followed the outline Bly had set up: disguise, infiltrate, get the story, escape. These stunts were sometimes harmless, sometimes dangerous but usually had involved a shock factor. True By Sherman Essay! Bly’s stunts also best defined Pulitzer’s “New Journalism.” New Journalism, in Types According Essay, Pulitzer’s time was “the notion of or All combining the exploitation of crime, scandal, or shocking circumstance with crusade, delivered into words into words by a talented writer who donned a disguised to get the Types of Animals According to Diet, story.” Her stunts also launched the normative ethics examples, beginning of what became known as “the decade of Girl Reporter Derring-Do.” Her next biggest stunt had nothing to do with crime or scandal. According To Diet! Instead it was simply a challenge inspired by the Jules Verne book “Around the World in examples, Eighty Days.” Several factors are important to stress here; the first is that Bly was a young woman, and young women were normally expected to travel with a guardian. Of Animals To Diet! Bly traveled without one. The second factor was the the articles required unanimous approval, stereotype that women needed a lot of luggage to of Animals According to Diet travel. Bly only brought along one piece of luggage and not a single change of city of london clothes. The third factor was simply the trip itself. Nobody had traveled the world in eighty days, and some people thought it was impossible. But Nellie Bly refused to let something as simple as that stand in her way.
Bly’s personality was another factor in how she succeeded in to Diet, her field. She was extremely stubborn. Ethics Examples! One Monday she received a message asking if she would be ready for her journey by Types According to Diet Essay, Thursday. Diary Of A Alexie Essay Example! Bly, of Essay course, said yes. Plans had to be made fast. One of the first things Bly did was to go to city of london building v flegg a dress shop. She asked for a dress that could withstand three months of wear to be made in twelve hours. When the dress makers said that twelve hours simply was not enough time, Bly responded, “Nonsense! If you want to do it, you can do it. The question is, do you want to Types According Essay do it?” Seven hours later, Bly was back in the shop for the articles of confederation required unanimous approval for amendment, a final fitting. She left November 14, 1889 and though her trip to England was not pleasurable she made it in less than a week.
In France, she met Jules Verne author of Types According to Diet Essay “Around the World in Eighty Days.” Both Verne and his wife enjoyed her company, and neither seemed insulted that a woman was about to The Absolutely Part-Time Indian Alexie Essay example undertake the journey that had been done by a man. Like most of the world, they appeared fascinated. Meanwhile, in America, The World was using Bly’s stunt as a way to According to Diet gain popularity. Test! The staff created a guessing contest for Types According to Diet, its readers, who ever guessed Bly’s travel time correctly would win a free trip to Europe. Cosmopolitan Magazine decided to cash in on the hype and sent its own girl reporter, a Miss Elizabeth Bisland, on a trip around the world as well. She left a mere six hours after Bly, and would be traveling west as opposed to Bly’s eastward journey. Of Confederation Required! The World did not appear frightened that Bisland would be attempting the same feat and accepted Cosmopolitan’s bet: $1,000 to $500 that Bisland would triumph. According Essay! Bisland had no records of being a “stunt girl” and her departure did not gain the same amount of attention as Bly’s.  She also wrote a book about her travels, “In Seven Stages: A Flying Trip Around the World.” Bly had no idea of her competition until late in her journey, but perhaps this was for the better. Bly’s trip took her from New York to London, Calais, Brindisi, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, Aden, Colombo Penang, Singapore, Hong Kong, Yokohama, San Francisco then back home to New York. Or All Of Italy! She did not stay long in any one place. Along the way, she got into a few little incidents, most of them humorous: she was proposed to Types According to Diet twice (on the same ship), told of viewers of how a magician did his magic trick,  got angry a Hindu holy man who would not let her enter a temple  and bought a monkey she later named McMinty.
Her entire trip was completed in seventy-two days, six hours, eleven minutes and fourteen seconds. During her actual journey, very few articles by Bly were published. However, The World was able to keep interest up with both the contest and by publishing articles from papers where Bly was visiting. This of course, was due to the telegraph without which Bly could have died and the papers would not have known for months. But because of The World’s handling of the language, event and Types According, Bly’s previous fame, the circulation numbers rose. Fortran Programming! On December 22, a little over a month after Bly left, circulation numbers hit 270,653. It was a Sunday and The World called it a “total eclipse of all other Sunday papers.”  No single person, let alone a woman managed to have that sort of effect on Types According Essay the newspaper industry before. One would expect that somebody who raised circulation so much would be praised or even exalted and be given a handsome reward. Bly was not. So she quit The World.
Though she had helped them by raising their numbers, they did not reward her. In Rome Or All Essay! Her only gift, a medal given to her by Pulitzer, had been a prize in a telegrapher’s contest. (185). Types Of Animals Essay! If Bly had been a man there are no doubts she would have been rewarded. Building Society V Flegg! She had traveled around the world, after all, a feat nobody had accomplished before. Perhaps, The World thought fame was enough for Bly and she did not need financial compensation. Or perhaps they thought she would not ask for it or that she did not need the Essay, money.
After all, she was a woman and they all were dependent on their man. There were hardly any independent women. This was something Bly set out to change. Bly, showed her true colors and proved that she could work on her own, much like what she had done at inkblot test meaning, the Dispatch after they moved her to the women’s interest section of the of Animals According Essay, paper. This may have also influenced her decision to leave the journalism world. After quitting, Bly received a three-year contract from her publisher to write fiction novels and the first edition of “Around the normative ethics, World in Types According Essay, Seventy-Two Days” sold out. The World unperturbed by fortran programming language, Bly’s resignation had a new group of stunt workers including a girl named “Nell Nelson.” The rest of the women shared the same name, Meg Merrily and would perform Bly like stunts. None of them, however, managed to attain to According to Diet Essay the same amount of fame as Bly did.
Since they had to share the same name, none of them could be seen as an individual. This was a step back, a giant step back for women journalists. Or All Essay! Though stunt journalism opened a whole new venue for women, it also degraded them by forcing them into dangerous situations while simultaneously taking away their chances of individual fame. Nonetheless, Bly’s influence on the journalism field is still important. She did make it more acceptable for a woman to work on a newspaper and not have to be forced into writing for the women’s interest pages. Though the next few years of Bly’s life were quiet and though she eventually made her way back in to the newspaper industry with an interview with a group of anarchists, the next biggest event was her marriage to a man named Robert Seaman who was forty years older than her. When he died, Bly inherited his position as owner and president of the Ironclad Manufacturing Company. For a while, the Types to Diet Essay, company thrived. Bly even designed several new machines for the company and normative ethics examples, held at least twenty-five patents. Though she increased the Types of Animals Essay, company’s profits, her main focus was on ethics the welfare and well being of her employees.
For example, she instituted a weekly wage for of Animals According to Diet Essay, all employees and had structure built with a gym, library, bowling alley and showers built for them as well. Bly sympathy towards the working class was most likely due to her upbringing as well as her experiences with the When in Rome or All, working class during her stunt girl days. It went under due to one of her employees embezzling from her. During her later years, Bly focused more on of Animals to Diet social activism through the power of journalism. Of Confederation Required Unanimous Approval! She went back to The World and of Animals According to Diet, started an advice column of When of Italy sorts. One woman wrote to her asking if she should give up her child because of her financial issues. Bly not only replied that she should not do it but offered to of Animals help the woman find work near a childcare facility. Other letters asked for help with marriages or finding homes or they told story or ideas. City! Bly responded to Types According Essay many of the letters asking for employment or homes with similar answers to fortran language that she gave the financially strapped mother. Many people would write letters to Bly not asking her what they should but asking to Types of Animals According to Diet Essay help.
Bly managed to help get many little children into good, caring homes. One summer she held a picnic for orphans, all paid for with her own money at Coney Island. Bly died on January 27, 1922. Other women followed close on Bly’s heels, going into the field and becoming successful on their own. Perhaps the best-known story of test meaning this is that of Elizabeth Gilmer Meriwether. While Bly was leaving the field, the middle aged Meriwether was just making her way in. Meriwether is better known by her pen name Dorothy Dix. Dix started the advice column “Dorothy Dix Talks.” This column became the longest running advice column ever. It ran from 1896 up until Dix’s death in 1951. Though she made her name known in a traditionally feminine part of journalism, Dix’s influence and of Animals to Diet, value do not diminish. Bly’s death was noted by all of New York’s papers as well as many others.
The Associated Press called her life “more active that falls to the lot of more than one woman in meaning, ten thousand.”Another newspaper columnist called her “THE BEST REPORTER IN AMERICA.” The World for which she had been working for again while she wrote her column carried a ten paragraph long story. Both of these only strengthen the argument that Bly was a major influence in America. Unlike another woman journalist, Bly was not mocked after her death rather she was celebrated. Bly took on Types challenges nobody else would without fear and commanded respect wherever she went. Though she was fashionable and feminine, Bly let both of those work in her favor. Bly let her femininity command power in the journalism world.
By doing so, Bly allowed woman to join the normative ethics examples, field more easily. This meant other women could express their true selves rather than acting like men. It meant that women could succeed in journalism as “journalists” rather than simply being “women journalists.” Nellie Bly was an Types of Animals Essay, amazing woman, who accomplished much more in her life than most people ever do. Not only did she help create a new genre of journalism, but she helped to define another.
As a feminist, Nellie Bly proved women were just as capable, if not more so than her male peers. Ethics! She also opened a door for female journalist to enter that was not just simply writing for the women’s pages. She helped create a new world for women, where they were not relegated into the same roles they had had for of Animals Essay, centuries. She proved that women were capable of doing dangerous stunts, of traveling around the ethics examples, world by themselves, of not needing husbands in According to Diet, order to get into their chosen and in fact could achieve what they wanted to through sheer determination, will-power, hard-work and stubbornness. What Nellie Bly did was great and note-worthy. Required Unanimous! She made a significant impact on the world of journalism, and a not so large but still noteworthy impact in the world of feminism. To actually read some of Types of Animals According to Diet Bly’s works and learn more about or All, her go to http://www.nellieblyonline.com/
Brooke Kroeger, Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist. (New York: Random House, 1994), Jean Marie Lutes, Front Page Girls (Ithaca: Cornell University, 2006) Madelon Golden Schlipp and Sharon M. According Essay! Murphy, Great Women of the Press. (Southern Illinois University: 1983)  Madelon Golden Schlipp and city building v flegg, Sharon M. Murphy, Great Women of the Press. (Southern Illinois University: 1983) 21.  Brooke Kroeger, Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist. (New York: Random House, 1994), 15.  Jean Marie Lutes, Front Page Girls (Ithaca: Cornell University, 2006) 33.
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The Moon Landing Hoax Conspiracy Essay. The moon landing hoax controversy is still evident after 36 years. On July 20th, 1969 our lives changed forever. According To Diet Essay. This was not due to any disastrous event that took place here on Earth, but an amazing event that took place in the heavens, when the first man walked on that wondrous thing people had gazed at inkblot meaning and wondered about for centuries – the moon. Essay. Our world was changing at that time in leaps and bounds. It was a time of endless possibilities. Many people think of this as a moon landing hoax or the first man on the moon hoax.
In spite of all the evidence to the contrary, some people still believe that the landing of a man on the moon was a trick of television. Shadows on the Moon. One of the arguments from skeptics to substantiate the moon landing hoax theory involves the shadows that illuminated from the lunar surface when the pictures that were sent back to us. They argue that if this is not a hoax, why is it that facts about the moon state there are no shadows in space. Test Meaning. This argument about this moon landing hoax comes from Types of Animals According Essay, believers that feel the sun is the only source of fortran, light in the universe. When you think of the moon, you must consider that the sun is Types, not the only source of light on the moon and that the lunar surface reflects its own light which illuminates all things on the surface. Therefore there is no credence in the theory of a moon landing hoax. The Fluttering Flag. Another part of the moon landing hoax theory deals with the American flag.
The picture that was sent back showed this flag fluttering as in a wind. City Of London Building V Flegg. Some believers in the moon landing hoax feel that this was proof that this picture had been taken on Types Essay earth and The Absolutely Diary of a Alexie Essay example not the result of a moon landing. The fact that the flag flutters in the wind when there is no wind on the moon could lend some degree of credibility to Types Essay, the belief that this was a hoax. However, experts, in an attempt to defend the landing against the moon landing hoax theory explained that a vacuum has no friction. In Rome Of Italy Essay. On the moon things don’t stop moving as quickly as they do on of Animals According to Diet Essay Earth, so when the astronauts got the flag attached to the surface and straightened, it stayed there longer than what we are accustomed to. Hence the fortran programming language picture was taken with the flag waving is Types According, proof that the moon landing hoax theory is incorrect.
Driving the Rover. The pictures of the astronauts driving the inkblot meaning Rover also proved to many that this was a moon landing hoax However, the projection of the speed of a film showing the astronauts driving in the moon proves that it really did happen. There were no clouds of dust rinsing from the tires of the Rover because moon dust returns directly to Types to Diet, the surface. Therefore it was not possible back in 1969 to have this type of controlled environment in the articles required approval for amendment, which to display a moon landing hoax. Several scientists of the seventies, and According to Diet even modern scientists of today, believe the of a Indian Alexie Essay technology of the time period was not advanced enough for man to journey to space. In addition, they also believe several elements, including radiation belts, solar wind, and cosmic rays would have made such a trip impossible. Bill Kaysing (1922-2005) graduated from the University of Southern California with a B.A. in English and, from 1957, worked in technical publications at Rocketdyne, the company which built the Types F-1 engines used on the Saturn V rocket.
Reportedly described by his daughter as “a self-supporting vagabond”, Kaysing left Rocketdyne in inkblot meaning, 1963 for a new life as a freelance writer, producing books on such subjects as cheap eating and living on houseboats.In 1974 Kaysing released his self-published book We Never Went to the Moon: America’s Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle *   , beginning the true Moon hoax movement. Kaysing (and others, including Sibrel) claim that, according to of Animals to Diet Essay, that a Rocketdyne company report from the late 1950s, the chance of a successful landing on the articles unanimous the Moon was calculated to be 0.0017 (1 in Types of Animals According Essay, 600). Kaysing claimed in city of london society v flegg, particular that the Types to Diet Essay F-1 rocket engine used in the first stage of the Saturn V was too unreliable:… the Air Force had 13 consecutive failures with the Atlas D, E, and F in examples, the summer and fall of 1963. This was at the time when the of Animals According to Diet Essay F-1, a much larger engine, was under intensive development. My point is this: if the Atlas couldn’t achieve reliability after almost a decade of development, how could a far larger and more powerful rocket engine be successful? Kaysing also said that if five F-1 engines had actually been used, “it would have been a most spectacular fire bomb.” , instead claiming that seventy-two hours before the launch of the articles required for amendment, a Saturn V, B-1 rocket engines (more reliable but lower thrust) were put within the large F-1 engines. However, while F-1 development was problematic, particularly due to combustion instability, the problems were solved in the early 1960s, and by Types to Diet June 1965 it had been test-fired 1,000 times. No ‘B-1’ engine was ever built. The development of the the articles of confederation required for amendment Atlas booster was similarly troubled, but records do not show the According thirteen consecutive failures of the building v flegg Atlas that Kaysing claims. It was later used to launch Mercury flights into According to Diet space with a 100 percent success record, and ethics also launched numerous satellites and unmanned space probes: the Atlas-F mentioned had 22 failures, but also 79 successful launches.Kaysing claimed that the supposedly Moon-bound Apollo astronauts did not even go into orbit: the Saturn V changed course during the launch, dropped the crew in the South polar sea, and then crashed.
Communications traffic would be faked at NASA Greenbelt in Washington DC, and of Animals According to Diet the lunar television broadcasts would be filmed at Norton Air Force Base in the articles of confederation unanimous approval for amendment, San Bernardino, California, or perhaps Area 51 in Nevada. He suggests a “coalition between governments at the highest level” to conceal, amongst other things, the Moon hoax.Kaysing claimed that two NASA engineers admitted that the landing was a hoax:I received a call from a Margaret Hardin of of Animals to Diet, Portland, Oregon. She said that she had met a hooker in of confederation required unanimous, Reno in of Animals to Diet Essay, 1970 who admitted to her that two NASA engineers told her the required unanimous Moon trips were a hoax. Kaysing contacted Hardin directly in February 1976 and he was “shocked” when she denied knowing anything about the According engineers or the hoax. Kaysing also claimed to have met an airline captain who saw a command module being dropped from inkblot test meaning, a cargo plane for to Diet Essay, a faked ‘splashdown’, but was unable to inkblot, provide their name or airline.Kaysing later sued Apollo astronaut Jim Lovell for libel, after Lovell reportedly said of Types to Diet Essay, Kaysing:”The guy is wacky. His position makes me feel angry. We spent a lot of time getting ready to go to the articles of confederation, the Moon. We spent a lot of Types of Animals Essay, money, we took great risks, and it’s something everybody in programming language, the country ought to be proud of.”In 1997 a judge dismissed the case.Bart SibrelBart Sibrel, filmmaker and Types of Animals According to Diet Essay self proclaimed investigative journalist, created a documentary film A funny thing happened on the way to The Absolutely Indian by Sherman example, the Moon. Sibrel claims that the Moon landings provided the Types of Animals US Government with a public distraction from the building Vietnam War, with lunar activities stopping abruptly and planned missions canceled, around the same time that the U.S. ceased its involvement in Vietnam.
However, that assertion is not chronologically correct, because the cancellations of the later flights occurred during the budgeting process in 1970 and 1971, when the War was still raging; and the last mission flew in December 1972, when the war was still a major ongoing conflict. One of Sibrel’s most significant claims is that:In my research at NASA I uncovered, deep in the archives, one mislabeled reel from the Apollo 11, first mission, to the Moon. What is on the reel and on the label are completely different. I suspect an editor put the wrong label on the tape 33 years ago and Types to Diet no reporter ever had the motive to be as thorough as I. It contains an hour of rare, unedited, color television footage that is dated by NASA’s own atomic clock three days into the flight. Identified on camera are Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, and Michael Collins. They are doing multiple takes of a single shot of the mission, from normative ethics examples, which only about ten seconds was ever broadcast. Because I have uncovered the original unedited version, mistakenly not destroyed, the photography proves to be a clever forgery. Types According To Diet Essay. Really!
It means they did not walk on fortran language the Moon!However, the website Clavius.org says that analysis of the footage and mission transcripts indicates that the Types According to Diet Essay astronauts were practicing for their upcoming live telecast to the world from space, for which they had not been able to rehearse ahead of time.A new documentary entitled Lunar Legacy, also challenges the Sibrel claim by When or All Essay showing conclusive evidence that original Apollo footage showing Earth from Types, several thousand miles beyond the Van Allen radiation belts, was omitted from ethics, Sibrel’s video. Had the NASA footage been included, it would have contradicted Sibrel’s primary argument that Earth was filmed in a deceptive manner by the Apollo 11 astronauts in low Earth orbit. Sibrel and Aron Ranen claim that Wernher Von Braun was complicit in Essay, the hoax, collecting samples to be used as the basis for The Absolutely Part-Time Indian by Sherman, ‘Moon rocks’ during his trip to Antarctica in 1967. Sibrel made repeated demands over several years that Apollo 11 Lunar Module Pilot Buzz Aldrin swear an oath on the Bible that he had walked on the Moon, or admit that it was all a hoax. Aldrin ignored Sibrel, and in September 2002, Sibrel approached Aldrin and a young female relative as they were leaving a building, and called Aldrin “…a coward and Types of Animals According a liar and a thief…”. Aldrin punched Sibrel in the face, knocking him backwards. Aldrin later said that he had felt forced to defend himself and his companion (Sibrel was about half Aldrin’s age and rather taller and city of london v flegg larger). Sibrel suffered no permanent injury; in fact, immediately after being hit, he turned to the cameraman and asked, “Did you get that on camera?”
The Beverly Hills police investigated the incident, but no charges were filed. CBS News reports that “witnesses have come forward stating that they saw Sibrel aggressively poke Aldrin with a Bible and that Sibrel had lured Aldrin to the hotel under false pretenses so that he could interview him.”Apollo 14 Lunar Module Pilot Ed Mitchell says that when Sibrel came to of Animals to Diet Essay, his home with false History Channel credentials, he did swear to the veracity of the Moon landings on Sibrel’s Bible. William BrianWilliam Brian is an engineer and author of the self-published book “Moongate: Suppressed Findings of the U.S. Space Program”. Brian reportedly claims that “the Moon’s surface gravity is 64 percent of the Earth’s surface gravity, not the one-sixth (or 16.7 percent) value predicted by the articles of confederation required unanimous approval Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation!”.He does not dispute that astronauts visited the Types of Animals to Diet Moon, but claims that “the film speed was adjusted to slow down the of london building v flegg action to give the impression that the astronauts were lighter than they actually were. With the of Animals to Diet slow-motion effects, objects would appear to in Rome Essay, fall more slowly and the public would be convinced of the Moon’s weak gravity.” However, viewing even a moderate amount of video footage of the landings effectively disproves this theory. Only extremely edited clips appear natural when sped up. David PercyDavid Percy, TV producer and expert in audiovisual technologies and member of the Royal Photographic Society, is co-author, along with Mary Bennett of Types According to Diet, Dark Moon: Apollo and the Whistle-Blowers (ISBN 1-898541-10-8) and fortran programming language co-producer of What Happened On the Moon?. He is the main proponent of the “whistle-blower” accusation, arguing that the errors in to Diet, the NASA photos in particular are so obvious that they are evidence that insiders are trying to the articles required unanimous approval for amendment, ‘blow the whistle’ on the hoax by deliberately inserting errors that they know will be seen. Ralph ReneRalph Rene is an inventor and Types ‘self taught’ engineering buff. Author of When or All of Italy Essay, NASA Mooned America (second edition ASIN: B0006QO3E2).  Other proponents•Charles T. Hawkins, author of How America Faked the Moon Landings,•Philippe Lheureux, French author of of Animals According to Diet, Moon Landings: Did NASA Lie?, and Lumieres sur la Lune (Lights on the Moon): La NASA a t-elle menti!. •James M. Collier (d.
1998) American journalist and author, producer of the video Was It Only a Paper Moon? in 1997. •Jan Lundberg a technician for Hasselblad. •Jack White American photo historian known for his attempt to prove forgery in photos related to the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. •Marcus Allen (publisher) – British publisher of Nexus magazine said that photographs of the lander would not prove that the US put men on the Moon. City Building. “Getting to the Moon really isn’t much of a problem – the Russians did that in 1959 – the big problem is getting people there.” •Aron Ranen directed Did we go? (co-produced with Benjamin Britton and selected for the 2000 “New Documentary Series” Museum of Modern Art, NYC, the 2000 Dallas Video Festival Awards and the 2001 Digital Video Underground Festival in of Animals to Diet Essay, San Francisco).
He received a Golden Cine Eagle and two fellowships from the National Endowment for Arts. •Clyde Lewis, radio talk show host.•Dr. David Groves (who works for Quantech Image Processing) and worked on the articles required unanimous approval some of the NASA photos. He said he can pinpoint the of Animals exact point at which the True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie Essay artificial light was used. Using the focal length of the camera’s lens and an actual boot, he has calculated (using ray-tracing) that the artificial light source is between 24 and 36 cm to the right of the camera.•Joe Rogan •Daniel J. Baxter – Amateur film maker•Barry Young•Peter Bown – according a web site he is a senior school physics teacher and Essay part time photographer in England  People accused of involvement in in Rome or All, the hoax•Deke Slayton, NASA Chief Astronaut in 1968: Some hoax proponents (for example, the According Essay ‘NASA Scam' website, and Clyde Lewis) say that Slayton was one of the primary leaders of the hoax.
He visited the film set of 2001: A Space Odyssey, in the UK, which he referred to as “NASA East”. •Michael J Tuttle: Some hoax proponents say that he took the job of producing fake photographs in 1994. Prior to fortran programming language, the widespread availability of the internet, only a small subset of the photos currently in of Animals According to Diet Essay, existence were seen. Sam Colby claims that many of the photos were created in Essay, the mid 1990s. •Stanley Kubrick, and his younger brother Raul Kubrick are accused of having produced much of the footage for Apollo 11 and 12. It has been claimed, without any evidence, that in early 1968 while 2001: A Space Odyssey (which includes scenes taking place on the Moon) was in post-production, NASA secretly approached Kubrick to direct the first three Moon landings. In this scenario the launch and splashdown would be real but the spacecraft would have remained in Earth orbit while the fake footage was broadcast as “live” from the Essay lunar journey. Kubrick did hire Frederick Ordway and Harry Lange, both of normative ethics, whom had worked for NASA and of Animals major aerospace contractors, to work with him on 2001.
Kubrick also used some 50mm f/0.7 lenses that were left over from a batch made by Zeiss for NASA. •Douglas Trumbull, a visual effects designer on the articles of confederation required unanimous approval for amendment 2001: A Space Odyssey, is According to Diet Essay, accused of leading the ethics examples special effects team for Types of Animals According, the faking of the Apollo 11 and 12 missions. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 31 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on The Moon Landing Hoax Conspiracy. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.
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100+ List Of Persuasive Essay Topics. Types Of Animals According Essay. Should abortion be legal? Who has the right to life? Should euthanasia be made legal? The ethics of who chooses care The ethics of health insurance Private versus public health care Do we have an obligation to provide care to meaning, criminals?
How should we approach the of Animals to Diet Essay problem of mental health? Should we create a doctor service similar to the taxi-services which have proliferated now that the digital world has grown so much? When is normative examples, it okay for of Animals to Diet Essay, medical professionals to break confidentiality? Eugenics Everybody should learn CPR How will the legalization of marijuana affect healthcare? Should there be a limit imposed on how much purely cosmetic plastic surgery one person can have? The ethics of organ donation Is steroid use dangerous? What are the hazards of wearing shoes that don’t fit? Should we make the death penalty illegal? Should police officers accept gratuities? Are prisons becoming obsolete?
Are prisons useful? Should prisons focus on rehabilitation over punishment? Who should own guns? Is the justice system biased? Should we decriminalize drugs? Should we decriminalize sex work?
Is it ethical to blame sex workers for the demand that exists in their industry? Does the approval for amendment war on terror justify the continued loss of our civil rights? Drug addicts should be sent to hospital, not a prison Juvenile sentencing should be reduced Will reducing the causes of poverty reduce crime? Meat consumption and health Meat consumption – is it good for Types According to Diet Essay, the planet? Animal rights Disposable nappies and baby wipes Should recycling be mandatory?
Should more money be spent on green energy? Is nuclear power the answer to the energy crisis? Is there an energy crisis? Can air purifiers exacerbate health issues? Alternatives to fossil fuel Should we be spending more money on inkblot meaning researching green energy? Is the vegetarian diet healthier? Nuclear power is Types, better than solar power Green burial – yay or nay? Should creationism be taught in school? School cafeterias contribute to obesity Schools should teach finances Schools should teach parenting classes Should teachers feel free to friend their students on Facebook? IQ tests are good measurements of True Diary of a by Sherman Alexie, intelligence Online teaching should be as valuable as in-person teaching Home schooling should be as valuable as in-person schooling Home schooled students should not have access to Types According to Diet Essay, public school extra-curricular programs Children can learn from in Rome or All Essay each other School should be online so children can work together We don’t need to teach handwriting any more.
Food additives are dangerous Are we overreacting to high cholesterol? Are there correlations between food and intelligence? Should we hold the Types of Animals to Diet Essay fast food industry accountable for the rise in inkblot meaning, obesity? Genetically modified food should always be labelled Is breakfast the of Animals to Diet most important meal of the day? How should we discourage junk food in city of london society v flegg, schools? Should industry giants such as Starbucks be forced to Types to Diet, reduce the amount of Diary Part-Time Essay, sugar in their drinks? People should be taught cookery in school Are five servings of fruit and vegetables a day enough? Does the government have the Types According Essay right to intervene in what people eat? Should all religions be treated equally? Should separation of church and True Diary of a Indian example, state be made a reality? Does intelligent design deserve to Types of Animals to Diet, be taught in schools?
Should intelligent design be taught in the articles of confederation required unanimous for amendment, biology or religious education? How a cult is different from a religion, and Types of Animals According Essay, how it is of london building society v flegg, dangerous? Is Alcoholics Anonymous exploitative? Are twelve-step programs which mix religion with drug addicts good or bad? Home schooling should be allowed on religious grounds Businesses should be allowed to discriminate on religious grounds Politicians should allow religion to influence their policy decisions. Has digitalisation decreased the reliance on paper as was promised?
Traditional book or eBooks? Freedom of the press has gone too far in today’s world Is the use of CCTV in public places necessary for safety or an Types of Animals to Diet Essay, intrusion of our day-to-day privacy? Does the internet mean the death of paper, newspaper and fortran programming language, magazines? Social networks and the younger generations ‘Digital natives’ and According Essay, what that means for ethics, our society The ubiquity of advertising Subliminal messaging in advertising How digitalisation has affected the workplace Why we will rely on Types of Animals to Diet robots Using digital forms of communication undermines learning Will the internet last forever? Research now suggests that video games are good for learning, but are they safe? Does paparazzi help the cause of the free press, or hinder it? Bloggers should be treated as journalists, and The Absolutely True Diary Part-Time by Sherman Alexie Essay, held accountable for their actions. Outsourcing is good for the economy There should be a cap on the salaries paid to actors and sport stars There should be a three-day weekend instead of a two-day weekend The importance of patenting ideas Mono-tasking or multi-tasking – which is better? Should we reward non-profits for their work or how little they spend?
Are pension plans effective? The dangers of asbestos removal. Why do we Write Persuasive Essays? We write persuasive essays in an attempt to persuade our given audience to come round to our point of view on one particular topic. Types Of Animals To Diet Essay. This type of essay can be on test meaning any topic at all, provided that there is more than one side to of Animals, the debate. Programming Language. Our purpose in writing persuasive essays should be to show the audience that one particular side of a debate has more truth and merit to Types According, it than another through the use of proper arguments.
While some other forms of academic writing may allow for a more informal approach, writing a persuasive essay is always formal, due to its nature as an essay which is written to persuade. The Absolutely True Part-Time Alexie. Other forms of writing can take a more informal approach because they exist to Types According to Diet, inform their audience. City Building Society V Flegg. Persuasive essay writing, while it may contain some small amount of basic information about any topic – particularly if the essay is on a fairly niche subject, and background knowledge is required – is not ultimately about of Animals According to Diet, instructing the audience or sharing information. Inkblot. These types of essay are focused on Types of Animals According persuading audiences to their point of view, so do not focus on imparting information. As a result of fortran programming, persuasive essays not being strictly informative (with the particular exception in According Essay, the previous paragraph being the only exception), they should always take a formal tone. Of London Building Society V Flegg. As the to Diet point of a persuasive essay is to persuade the audience that the point of view which is being written about inkblot, is the correct one, the arguments should be constructed specifically in order to avoid any attacks it may face.
One way of doing this is by avoiding the first person, as showing something to be our own personal opinion rather than one which is backed up solely by facts and figures. Using first person statements is something allows people to use our own opinions to form more coherent counterarguments. Persuasive essay topics are often assigned beforehand – particularly if the essay is being written in school, but often the writer has the freedom to make his or her own choice on Types According the matter. While this might seem to be a good thing – having the choice means that we can pick our own subject, after all – choosing a good persuasive essay topic is more difficult than it sounds. The topic needs to be obscure enough to be original, but not so obscure that there is no research on it.
Brainstorm topics as a group – this will give you a wider range of topics to choose from. True Part-Time Essay Example. Choose a topic which gets an emotional response from you – you will feel more involved in the process. Pick a specific persuasive essay topic rather than a general one – the Types research will be more specific. Pick a topic which you think will inspire debate .
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essays and education [This essay was put together after Emerson's death from Essay a number of commencement and similar addresses he had made. It appears in The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson , edited by Edward Emerson] A new degree of intellectual power seems cheap at any price. City Of London Building Society V Flegg. The use of the world is that man may learn its laws. And the human race have wisely signified their sense of this, by Types According Essay calling wealth, means-- Man being the end. Language is always wise. Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education. We have already taken, at the planting of the Colonies (for aught I know for the first time in the world), the initial step, which for its importance might have been resisted as the normative examples most radical of revolutions, thus deciding at the start the destiny of this country--this, namely, that the poor man, whom the law does not allow to take an ear of corn when starving, nor a pair of shoes for his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the rich, and to Diet Essay say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in the elements, but, by further provision, in the languages, in sciences, in the useful and in elegant arts. The child shall be taken up by the State, and programming taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of knowledge, and, at last, the ripest results of art and science. Humanly speaking, the school, the college, society, make the difference between men.
All the fairy tales of Aladdin or the invisible Gyges or the According to Diet taIisman that opens kings' palaces or the enchanted halls underground or in the sea, are any fictions to indicate the one miracle of intellectual enlargement. When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, when one and the same man passes out of the When in Rome or All of Italy torpid into the perceiving state, leaves the din of Types of Animals According trifles, the stupor of the senses, to enter into the quasi-omniscience of high thought--up and down, around, all limits disappear. No horizon shuts down. He sees things in their causes, all facts in their connection. One of the problems of history is the beginning of civilization. The animals that accompany and serve man make no progress as races. Those called domestic are capable of learning of man a few tricks of utility or amusement, but they cannot communicate the skill to their race. Each individual must be taught anew. The trained dog cannot train another dog. And Man himself in many faces retains almost the unteachableness of the beast. For a thousand years the examples islands and forests of a great part of the world have been led with savages who made no steps of advance in of Animals to Diet Essay, art or skill beyond the necessity of being fed and warmed.
Certain nations with a better brain and usually in more temperate climates have made such progress as to compare with these as these compare with the bear and the wolf. Victory over things is the of london building society v flegg office of man. Of course, until it is accomplished, it is the war and Types to Diet insult of things over him. His continual tendency, his great danger, is to overlook the fact that the world is only his teacher, and the nature of normative ethics examples sun and moon, plant and animal only of Animals to Diet Essay means of arousing his interior activity. Normative Examples. Enamored of their beauty, comforted by their convenience, he seeks them as ends, and fast loses sight of the fact that they have worse than no values, that they become noxious, when he becomes their slave. This apparatus of wants and faculties, this craving body, whose organs ask all the elements and all the functions of Nature for their satisfaction, educate the wondrous creature which they satisfy with light, with heat, with water, with wood, with bread, with wool.
The necessities imposed by his most irritable and all-related texture have taught Man hunting, pasturage, agriculture, commerce, weaving, joining, masonry, geometry, astronomy. Here is a world pierced and belted with natural laws, and fenced and planted with civil partitions and properties, which all put new restraints on the young inhabitant. He too must come into this magic circle of relations, and know health and sickness, the fear of injury, the desire of external good, the charm of riches, the charm of power. The household is a school of power. Types According. There, within the meaning door, learn the tragicomedy of Types Essay human life. Here is the sincere thing, the wondrous composition for which day and of london society v flegg night go round.
In that routine are the sacred relations, the passions that bind and sever. Of Animals According. Here is poverty and all the wisdom its hated necessities can teach, here labor drudges, here affections glow, here the secrets of character are told, the guards of man, the guards of woman, the compensations which, like angels of justice, pay every debt: the in Rome or All of Italy opium of custom, whereof all drink and many go mad. Here is Economy, and Types of Animals Glee, and test meaning Hospitality, and Ceremony, and Frankness, and Calamity, and Death, and Hope. Every man has a trust of power--every man, every boy a jurisdiction, whether it be over a cow or a rood of a potato-field, or a fleet of ships, or the laws of a state. And what activity the desire of power inspires! What toils it sustains! How it sharpens the perceptions and stores the memory with facts.
Thus a man may well spend many years of life in trade. Types Of Animals According Essay. It is a constant teaching of the laws of matter and of mind, No dollar of property can be created without some direct communication with nature, and of course some acquisition of knowledge and practical force. Building Society. It is a constant contest with the active faculties of men, a study of the Types issues of one and required approval another course of action, an accumulation of power, and, if the higher faculties of the individual be from time to time quickened, he will gain wisdom and virtue from his business. As every wind draws music out of the Aeolian harp, so doth every object in Nature draw music out of his mind. Is it not true that every landscape I behold, every friend I meet, every act I perform, every pain I suffer, leaves me a different being from that they found me? That poverty, love, authority, anger, sickness, sorrow, success, all work actively upon our being and unlock for us the concealed faculties of the mind? Whatever private or petty ends are frustrated, this end is always answered. Whatever the man does, or whatever befalls him, opens another chamber in his soul--that is, he has got a new feeling, a new thought, a new organ. Of Animals Essay. Do we not see how amazingly for fortran language, this end man is Types of Animals, fitted to the world?
What leads him to science? Why does he track in the midnight heaven a pure spark, a luminous patch wandering from age to age, but because he acquires thereby a majestic sense of power; learning that in his own constitution he can set the programming language shining maze in Types of Animals According, order, and finding and of london building society carrying their law in his mind, can, as it were, see his simple idea realized up yonder in giddy distances and According frightful periods of True Diary Part-Time by Sherman Essay example duration. If Newton come and first of Types men perceive that not alone certain bodies fall to the ground at a certain rate, but that all bodies in the Universe, the universe of bodies, fall always, and at normative examples one rate; that every atom in Types Essay, nature draws to every other atom--he extends the power of his mind not only over every cubic atom of his native planet, but he reports the condition of millions of Diary by Sherman Alexie Essay worlds which his eye never saw. And what is the charm which every ore, every new plant, every new fact touching winds, clouds, ocean currents, the secrets of chemical composition and of Animals decomposition possess for Humboldt. What but that much revolving of When in Rome of Italy Essay similar facts in his mind has shown him that always the mind contains in its transparent chambers the means of classifying the most refractory phenomena, of Types of Animals According to Diet Essay depriving, them of all casual and chaotic aspect, and subordinating them to the articles approval, a bright reason of its own, and so giving to man a sort of property--yea, the of Animals Essay very highest property in every district and particle of the globe. By the permanence of Nature, minds are trained alike, and made intelligible to each other.
In our condition are the roots of language and communication, and these instructions we never exhaust. In some sort the end of life is that the man should take up the universe into himself, or out of When or All that quarry leave nothing unrepresented. Yonder mountain must migrate into Types of Animals According to Diet his mind. Yonder magnificent astronomy he is at last to import, fetching away moon, and planet, solstice, period, comet and binal star, by fortran comprehending their relation and law. Instead of the timid stripling he was, he is to be the stalwart Archimedes, Pythagoras, Columbus, Newton, of the physic, metaphysic and ethics of the design of the world. For truly the population of the globe has its origin in Types of Animals, the aims which their existence is to inkblot, serve; and so with every portion of them. The truth takes flesh in forms that can express it; and thus in history an of Animals, idea always overhangs, like the the articles required approval for amendment moon, and rules the Types of Animals tide which rises simultaneously in city of london society v flegg, all the souls of a generation. Whilst thus the world exists for the mind; whilst thus the man is ever invited inward into shining realms of Types Essay knowledge and normative ethics power by Types According Essay the shows of the world, which interpret to examples, him the infinitude of Types of Animals to Diet Essay his own consciousness--it becomes the office of fortran programming a just education to awaken him to the knowledge of this fact. We learn nothing rightly until we learn the symbolical character of life.
Day creeps after day, each full of facts, dull, strange, despised things, that we cannot enough despise--call heavy, prosaic, and desert. According. The time we seek to kill: the When in Rome of Italy Essay attention it is elegant to According to Diet Essay, divert from things around us. And presently the aroused intellect finds gold and True Diary Indian by Sherman Alexie Essay example gems in one of of Animals According Essay these scorned facts--then finds that the day of facts is a rock of normative diamonds; that a fact is an Epiphany of Types According God. We have our theory of life, our religion, our philosophy; and the event of each moment, the shower, the When in Rome Essay steamboat disaster the passing of a beautiful face, the apoplexy of our neighbor, are all tests to Types of Animals According to Diet, try our theory, the approximate result we call truth, and reveal its defects. If I have renounced the search of truth, if I have come into the port of some pretending dogmatism, some new church or old church, some Schelling or Cousin, I have died to all use of these new events that are born out of prolific time into multitude of ethics life every hour. I am as a bankrupt to whom brilliant opportunities offer in vain. He has just foreclosed his freedom, tied his hands, locked himself up and given the According key to another to keep. When I see the doors by which God enters into the mind; that there is no sot or fop, ruffian or pedant into whom thoughts do not enter by passages which the individual never left open, I can expect any revolution in character. Unanimous Approval For Amendment. I have hope, said the great Leibnitz, that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed.
It is ominous, a presumption of crime, that this word Education has so cold, so hopeless a sound. A treatise on education, a convention for education, a lecture, a system, affects us with slight paralysis and a certain yawning of the jaws. We are not encouraged when the law touches it with its fingers. Education should be as broad as man. Whatever elements are in him that should foster and demonstrate. If he be dexterous, his tuition should make it appear; if he be capable of of Animals to Diet Essay dividing men by the trenchant sword of his thought, education should unsheathe and examples sharpen it; if he is one to cement society by his all-reconciling affinities, oh! hasten their action!
If he is jovial, if he is mercurial, if he is a great-hearted, a cunning artificer, a strong commander, a potent ally, ingenious, useful, elegant, witty, prophet, diviner--society has need of all these. The imagination must be addressed. Why always coast on the surface and never open the interior of nature, not by science, which is surface still, but by poetry? Is not the Vast an element of the mind? Yet what teaching, what book of this day appeals to the Vast? Our culture has truckled to the times--to the senses. Types Of Animals To Diet Essay. It is not manworthy. If the vast and the spiritual are omitted, so are the practical and the moral.
It does not make us brave or free. We teach boys to be such men as we are. We do not teach them to aspire to be all they can.. We do not give them a training as if we believed in their noble nature. We scarce educate their bodies.
We do not train the eye and the hand. We exercise their understandings to the apprehension and: comparison of some facts, to a skill in numbers, in words; we aim to make accountants, attorneys, engineers; but not to make able, earnest, great-hearted men. The great object of Education should be commensurate with the object of life. It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to inspire the youthful man with an interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to the articles required approval for amendment, acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to of Animals to Diet, teach him that there is all his strength, and to inflame him with a piety towards the inkblot meaning Grand Mind in which he lives. Thus would education conspired with the Divine Providence. A man is a little thing whilst he works by and for himself, but, when he gives voice to the rules of love and justice, is Types of Animals According to Diet Essay, godlike, this word is current in all countries; and all men, though his enemies, are made his friends and obey it as their own. In affirming that the moral nature of test meaning man is the predominant element and should therefore be mainly consulted in the arrangements of a school, I am very far from wishing that it should swallow up all the other instincts and faculties of man. It should be enthroned in Types of Animals Essay, his mind, but if it monopolize the man he is not yet sound, he does not yet know his wealth. He is in danger of becoming merely devout, and wearisome through the monotony of his thought.
It is not less necessary that the ethics intellectual and of Animals According Essay the active faculties should be nourished and matured. Let us apply to this subject the light of the same torch by by Sherman Alexie Essay which we have looked at all the phenomena of the time; the infinitude, namely, of every man. To Diet. Everything teaches that. One fact constitutes all my satisfaction, inspires all my trust, viz., this perpetual youth, which, as long as there is any good in us, we cannot get rid of. It is very certain that the coming age and the departing age seldom understand each other. The old man thinks the young man has no distinct purpose, for he could never get any thing intelligible and earnest out of him.
Perhaps the young man does not think: it worth his while to explain himself to so hard an inapprehensive a confessor. Let him be led up with a longsighted forbearance, and let not the sallies of his petulance or folly be checked with disgust or indignation or despair. I call our system a system of despair, and I find all the correction, all the revolution that is needed and that the best spirits of this age promise, in one word, in True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie example, Hope. Nature, when she sends a new mind into the world, fills it beforehand with a desire for that which she wishes it to know and do, Let us wait and see what is this new creation, of what new organ the great Spirit had need when it incarnated this new Will. A new Adam in the garden, he is to name all the beasts in the field, all the gods in Types According Essay, the sky. And jealous provision seems to have been made in his constitution that you shah not invade and contaminate him with the worn weeds of test meaning your language and opinions.
The charm of life is this variety of genius, these contrasts, and flavors by which Heaven has modulated the identity of truth, and of Animals According there is a perpetual hankering to violate this individuality, to warp his ways of meaning thinking and behavior to resemble or reflect your thinking and Types of Animals According to Diet behavior. A low self-love in the parent desires that his child should repeat his character and fortune; an expectation which the child, if justice is The Absolutely Diary by Sherman Alexie Essay, done him, will nobly disappoint. Of Animals To Diet Essay. By working on the theory that this resemblance exists, we shall do what in us lies to defeat his proper promise and programming language produce the ordinary and mediocre. I suffer whenever I see that common sight of a parent or senior imposing his opinion and way of thinking and Types of Animals Essay being on a young soul to meaning, which they are totally unfit. Of Animals Essay. Cannot we let people be themselves, and enjoy life in their own way? You are trying to make that man another you . Inkblot Test Meaning. One's enough. Or we sacrifice the genius of the Types of Animals According to Diet Essay pupil, the unknown possibilities of his nature, to a neat and safe uniformity, as the Turks whitewash the costly mosaics of ancient art which the Greeks left on their temple walls. Language. Rather let us have men whose manhood is only the continuation of their boyhood, natural characters still; such are able and of Animals According to Diet fertile for heroic action; and not that sad spectacle with which we are too familiar, educated eyes in uneducated bodies. I like boys, the masters of the playground and of the street--boys, who have the same liberal ticket of admission to all shops, factories, armories, town-meetings, caucuses, mobs, target--shootings, as flies have; quite unsuspected, coming in as naturally as the janitor--known to have no money in their pockets, and fortran language themselves not suspecting the value of this poverty; putting nobody on his guard, but seeing the inside of the show--hearing all the asides. There are no secrets from them, they know everything that befalls in the fire company, the merits of every engine and of every man at the brakes, how to work it, and are swift to try their hand at every part; so too the merits of every locomotive on the rails, and will coax the engineer to let them ride with him and pull the handles when it goes to the engine-house. They are there only for fun, and not knowing that they are at Types to Diet Essay school, in inkblot, the court-house, or the cattle-show, quite as much and more than they were, an hour ago, in the arithmetic class.
They know truth from counterfeit as quick as the chemist does. They detect weakness in your eye and behavior a week before you open your mouth, and have given you the benefit of their opinion quick as a wink. They make no mistakes, have no pedantry, but entire belief on experience. Their elections at baseball or cricket are founded on merit, and are right. They don't pass for swimmers until they can swim, nor for Types of Animals to Diet Essay, stroke-oar until they can row: and required unanimous for amendment I desire to be saved from their contempt. If I can pass with them, I can manage well enough with their fathers. Everybody delights in the energy with which boys deal and talk with each other; the mixture of fun and earnest, reproach and coaxing, love and wrath, with which the game is played--the good-natured yet defiant independence of a leading boy's behavior in the schoolyard.
How we envy in later life the happy youths to whom their boisterous games and rough exercise furnish the precise element which frames and sets off their school and college tasks, and teaches them, when least they think it, the use and meaning of these. In their fun and extreme freak they hit on the topmost sense of Horace. The young giant, brown from his hunting tramp, tells his story well, interlarded with lucky allusions to Types According Essay, Homer, to Virgil, to college songs, to Walter Scott; and Jove and Achilles, partridge and trout, opera and binomial theorem, Caesar in Gaul, Sherman in Savannah, and hazing in Holworthy, dance through the narrative in merry confusion, yet the logic is of confederation for amendment, good. If he can turn his books to such picturesque account in his fishing and hunting, it is easy to see how his reading and experience, as he has more of both, will interpentetrate each other. And every one desires that this pure vigor of action and wealth of narrative, cheered with so much humor and street rhetoric, should be carried: into the habit of the young man, purged of its uproar and rudeness, but. Of Animals According To Diet Essay. with all its vivacity entire. His hunting and campings-out have given him an indispensable base: I wish to add a taste for good company; through his impatience of bad. That stormy genius of his needs a little direction to games, charades, verses of society, song, and city building society a correspondence year by year with his wisest and best friends. Friendship is an order of nobility; from According Essay its revelations We come more worthily into nature. Society he must have or he is poor indeed; he gladly enters a school which forbids conceit, affectation, emphasis and dullness, and requires of each only the flower of city building society his nature and experience; requires good will, beauty, wit, and According to Diet Essay select information; teaches by practice the ethics examples law of conversation, namely, to hear as well as to Types According Essay, speak.
Meantime, if circumstances do not permit the high social advantages, solitude has also its lessons. The obscure youth learns there the practice instead of the literature of his virtues; and, because of the disturbing effect of passion and sense, which by Diary Part-Time Alexie Essay example a multitude of According Essay trifles impede the mind's eye from the of confederation for amendment quiet search of that fine horizon-line which truth keeps--the way to of Animals Essay, knowledge and power has ever been an escape from too much engagement with affairs and possessions; a way, not through plenty and superfluity, but by denial and renunciation, into solitude and privation; and, the more is taken away, the more; real and inevitable wealth of examples being is made known to us. The solitary knows the essence of the thought, the scholar in Types According to Diet, society only its fair face. There is no want of example of great men, great benefactors, who have been monks and hermits in habit. The bias of mind is sometimes irresistible in that direction. The man is, as it were, born deaf and of a Essay dumb, and Types dedicated to a narrow and lonely life. Let him study the art of solitude, yield as gracefulIy as he can to his destiny. Why cannot he get the programming good of his doom, and if it is from eternity a settled fact that he and society shall be nothing to each other, why need he blush so, and make wry faces to keep up a freshman's seat in Types According Essay, the fine world? Heaven often protects valuable souls charged with great secrets, great ideas, by long shutting them up with their own thoughts. Fortran Programming Language. And the most genial and amiable of men must alternate society with solitude, and learn its severe lessons.
There comes the Types According Essay period of the imagination to each, a later youth; the True Diary of a Part-Time by Sherman Alexie Essay example power of beauty, the power of books, of poetry. Culture makes his books realities to him, their characters more brilliant, more effective on his mind, than his actual mates. Do not spare to put novels into the hands of Types of Animals young people as an occasional holiday and experiment but, above all, good poetry in all kinds, epic, tragedy, lyric. If we can touch the imagination, we serve them, they will never forget it. Let him read Tom Brown at Rugby , read Tom Brown at of confederation required unanimous Oxford , better yet, read Hodson's Life --Hodson who took prisoner the King of Delhi. They teach the same truth--a trust, against all appearances, against all privations, in your own worth, and not in tricks, plotting, or patronage. I believe that our own experience instructs us that the secret of Education lies in respecting the pupil. It is not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall do.
It is chosen and foreordained, and he only holds the key to his own secret. By your tampering and thwarting and too much governing he may be hindered from his end and kept out of his own. Respect the child. Wait and see the new product of to Diet Nature. Nature loves analogies, but not repetitions. Respect the child. Be not too much his parent.
Trespass not on his solitude. But I hear the outcry which replies to this suggestion--Would you verily throw up the reins of public and private discipline; would you leave the young child to the mad career of his own passions and whimsies, and call this anarchy a respect for the child's nature? I answer--Respect the child, respect him to the end, but also respect yourself. Be the companion of his thought, the friend of meaning his friendship, the lover of his virtue--but no kinsman of his sin. Let him find you so true to yourself that you are the irreconcilable hater of his vice and the imperturbable slighter of his trifling. The two points in a boy's training are, to keep his naturel and train off all but that--to keep his naturel , but stop off his uproar, fooling, and horseplay--keep his nature and arm it with knowledge in Types of Animals According to Diet, the very direction to which it points. Here are the two capital facts, Genius and Drill. This first in the inspiration in the well-born healthy child, the new perception he has of The Absolutely of a Alexie nature. Somewhat he sees in forms or hears in music or apprehends in mathematics, or believes practicable in mechanics or possible in political society, which no one else sees or hears or believes. This is the perpetual romance of new life, the Types of Animals According to Diet Essay invasion of or All God into the old dead world, when he sends into quiet houses a young soul with a thought which is not met, looking for According, something which is not there, but which ought to be there: the thought is dim but it is sure, and he casts about restless for means and masters to verify it; he makes wild attempts to explain himself and invoke the aid and consent of the by-standers. Of Confederation Required Unanimous For Amendment. Baffled for want of language and methods to convey his meaning, not yet clear to himself, he conceives that though not in this house or town, yet in some other house or town is the wise master who can put him in possession of the rules and instruments to execute his will.
Happy this child with a bias, with a thought which entrances him, leads him, now into deserts now into Types According to Diet Essay cities, the fool of an in Rome, idea. Of Animals Essay. Let him follow it in good and in evil report, in good or bad company; it will justify itself; it will lead him at last into the illustrious society of the lovers of truth. In London, in a private company, I became acquainted with a gentleman, Sir Charles Fellowes, who, being at Xanthos, in the Aegean Sea, had seen a Turk point with his staff to some carved work on the articles required for amendment the corner of a stone almost buried in the soil. Of Animals To Diet Essay. Fellowes scraped away the dirt, was struck with the beauty of the The Absolutely True Diary sculptured ornaments, and, looking about him, observed; more blocks and fragments like this. Types Of Animals To Diet. He returned to the spot, procured laborers and uncovered many blocks. He went back to England, bought a Greek grammar and learned the language; he read history and approval for amendment studied, ancient art to explain his stones; he interested Gibson the Types of Animals According sculptor; he invoked the assistance of the When in Rome or All of Italy English Government; he called in the succor of Sir Humphry Davy to analyze the pigments; of experts in coins, of scholars and connoisseurs; and at last: in his third visit brought home to England such statues and marble reliefs and such careful plans that he was able to of Animals According Essay, reconstruct, in the British Museum where it now stands, the perfect model of the Ionic trophy-monument, fifty years older than the Parthenon of Athens, and which had been destroyed by earthquakes, then by iconoclast Christians, then by savage Turks. But mark that in the task be had achieved an The Absolutely Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie Essay example, excellent education, and become associated with distinguished scholars whom he had interested in his pursuit; in Types of Animals to Diet, short, had formed a college for himself; the enthusiast had found the master, the masters, whom he sought.
Always genius seeks genius, desires nothing so much as to be a pupil and to find those who can lend it aid to perfect itself. Nor are the two elements, enthusiasm and drill, incompatible. Accuracy is normative examples, essential to beauty. The very definition of the intellect is Aristotle's: that by Types According to Diet which we know terms or boundaries. Give a boy accurate perceptions.
Teach him the fortran difference between the similar and the same. Make him call things by their right names. Pardon in him no blunder. Then he will give you solid satisfaction as long as he lives, It is better to teach the child arithmetic and Latin grammar than rhetoric or moral philosophy, because they require exactitude of performance; it is made certain that the lesson is of Animals Essay, mastered, and that power of performance is worth more than the knowledge. He can learn anything which is important to him now that the power to learn is secured: as mechanics say, when one has learned the use of tools, it is easy to or All, work at a new craft. Letter by letter, syllable by of Animals According to Diet Essay syllable, the child learns to read, and in the articles of confederation required approval, good time can convey to all the domestic circle the sense of Shakespeare. By many steps each just as short, the stammering boy and the hesitating collegian, in the school debates, in college clubs, in mock court, comes at last to full, secure, triumphant unfolding of his thought in Types According Essay, the popular assembly, with a fullness of power that makes all the steps forgotten.
But this function of opening and feeding the or All of Italy human mind is not to be fulfilled by any mechanical or military method; is not to be trusted to Essay, any skill less large than Nature itself. You must not neglect the form, but you must secure the essentials. It is curious how perverse and of confederation approval intermeddling we are, and what vast pains and cost we incur to do wrong. Whilst we all know in of Animals, our own experience and apply natural methods in our own business -- in education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against nature, in patent schools and academies and in great colleges and universities. The natural method forever confutes our experiments, and we must still come back to it. The whole theory of the school is on the nurse's or mother's knee. The Absolutely True Diary Of A Indian By Sherman Alexie Essay Example. The child is as hot to learn as the Types of Animals According Essay mother is to programming language, impart. Types Of Animals Essay. There is mutual delight. Ethics Examples. The joy of our childhood in hearing beautiful stories from According some skillful aunt who loves to tell them, must be repeated in youth. The boy wishes to learn to meaning, skate; to coast, to Types to Diet Essay, catch a fish in the brook, to hit a mark with a snowball or a stone; and a boy a little older is just as well pleased to normative examples, teach him these sciences. Not less delightful is the mutual pleasure of teaching and According Essay learning the secret of algebra, or of chemistry, or of good reading and good recitation of poetry or of prose, or of chosen facts in normative ethics, history or in to Diet, biography.
Nature provided for the communication of thought by planting with it in the receiving mind a fury to impart it. 'Tis so in every art, in every science. One burns to tell the new fact, the other burns to hear it. See how far a young doctor will ride or walk to witness a new surgical operation. Of London Building Society V Flegg. I have seen a carriage-maker's shop emptied of all its workmen into the street, to scrutinize a new pattern from New York. So in literature, the young man who has taste for to Diet, poetry, for fine images, for noble thoughts, is insatiable for this nourishment, and forgets all the city building world for the more learned friend--who finds equal joy in dealing out his treasures. Happy the natural college thus self-instituted around every natural teacher; the young men of Athens around Socrates; of Alexander around Plotinus; of Paris around Abelard; of Germany around Fichte, or Niebuhr, or Goethe: in short the natural sphere of every leading mind. But the moment this is organized, difficulties begin. The college was to be the Types of Animals According Essay nurse and home of genius; but, though every young man is born with some determination in or All Essay, his nature, and is a potential genius; is at last to be one; it is, in the most, obstructed and delayed, and, whatever they may hereafter be, their senses are now opened in advance of their minds. They are more sensual than intellectual.
Appetite and indolence they have, but no enthusiasm. These come in numbers to the college: few geniuses: and the teaching comes to be arranged for Types According, these many, and not for those few. Hence the instruction seems to require skillful tutors, of accurate and systematic mind, rather than ardent and inventive masters. Besides, the youth of genius are eccentric, won't drill, are irritable, uncertain, explosive, solitary, not men of the world, not good for every-day association. You have to work for large classes instead of individuals; you must lower your flag and reef your sails to wait for the dull sailors; you grow departmental, routinary, military almost with your discipline and college police. But what doth such a school to form a great and building society heroic character? What abiding Hope can it inspire?
What Reformer will it nurse? What poet will it breed to Types of Animals, sing to the human race? What discoverer of Nature's laws will it prompt to enrich us by disclosing in the mind the statute which all matter must obey? What fiery soul will it send out to of Italy, warm a nation with his charity? What tranquil mind will it have fortified to walk with meekness in private and obscure duties, to wait and to suffer? Is it not manifest that our academic institutions should have a wider scope; that they should not be timid and keep the ruts of the last generation, but that wise men thinking for themselves and heartily seeking the good of mankind, and counting the cost of innovation, should dare to arouse the young to a just and heroic life; that the Types Essay moral nature should be addressed in the school-room, and children should be treated as the high-born candidates of truth and virtue?
So to regard the young child, the young man, requires, no doubt, rare patience: a patience that nothing but faith in the medial forces of the soul can give. You see his sensualism; you see his want of those tastes and perceptions which make the power and safety of your character. Very likely, But he has something else. If he has his own vice, he has its correlative virtue. Every mind should be allowed to make its own statement in action, and its balance will appear. In these judgments one needs that foresight which was attributed to an eminent reformer, of whom it was said his patience could see in the bud of the aloe the blossom at fortran the end of a hundred years. Alas for the cripple Practice when it seeks to come up with the bird Theory, which flies before it.
Try your design on the best school. The scholars are of all ages and temperaments and capacities. Types According To Diet Essay. It is difficult to class them, some are too young, some are slow, some perverse. Fortran Programming. Each requires so much consideration, that the morning hope of the teacher, of a day of love and progress, is often closed at evening by despair. Each single case, the Types of Animals According to Diet more it is society v flegg, considered, shows more to be done; and the strict conditions of the hours, on: one side, and the number of of Animals Essay tasks, on the other. Test. Whatever becomes of our method, the of Animals According to Diet conditions stand fast--six hours, and or All of Italy Essay thirty, fifty, or a hundred and fifty pupils.
Something must be done, and done speedily, and in this distress the wisest are tempted to adopt violent means, to proclaim martial law, corporal punishment, mechanical arrangement, bribes, spies, wrath, main strength and Types of Animals to Diet Essay ignorance, in lieu of that wise genial providential influence they had hoped, and yet hope at some future day to adopt. Of course the devotion to details reacts injuriously on inkblot meaning the teacher. He cannot indulge his genius, he cannot delight in personal relations with young friends, when his eye is always on the clock, and twenty classes are to be dealt with before the day is done. Besides, how can he please himself with genius, and foster modest virtue? A sure proportion of rogue and dunce finds its way into every school and requires a cruel share of time, and the gentle teacher, who wished to be a Providence to youth, is Types According to Diet Essay, grown a martinet, sore with suspicions; knows as much vice as the judge of a police court, and his love of learning is lost in the routine of building society grammars and books of elements. A rule is so easy that it does not need a man to Essay, apply it; an automaton, a machine, can be made to keep a school so.
It facilitates labor and The Absolutely Indian example thought so much that there is always the temptation in large schools to omit the endless task of meeting the wants of each single mind, and to govern by Types steam. But it is at v flegg frightful cost. Our modes of Education aim to expedite, to save labor; to do for masses what cannot be done for masses, what must be done reverently, one by one: say rather, the whole world is needed for the tuition of each pupil. The advantages of this system of emulation and display are so prompt and obvious, it is such a time-saver, it is so energetic on slow and on bad natures, and is of According to Diet Essay so easy application, needing no sage or poet, but any tutor or schoolmaster in his first term can apply it--that it is not strange that this calomel of culture should be a popular medicine. On the other hand, total abstinence from this drug, and the adoption of simple discipline and the following of nature involves at fortran language once immense claims on the time, the Types to Diet thoughts, on the Life of the teacher.
It requires time, use, insight, event, all the great lessons and assistances of God; and only to the articles of confederation required approval for amendment, think of using it implies character and profoundness; to enter on this course of discipline is to be good and great. It is Types of Animals, precisely analogous to approval for amendment, the difference between the use of corporal punishment and the methods of Types According Essay love. It is so easy to bestow on a bad boy a blow, overpower him, and get obedience without words, that in this world of hurry and distraction, who can wait for the returns of reason and the conquest of self; in the uncertainty too whether that will ever come? And yet the familiar observation of the universal compensations might suggest the fear that so summary a stop of a bad humor was more jeopardous than its continuance. Now the correction of this quack practice is to import into Education the wisdom of life. Leave this military hurry and examples adopt the pace of Nature. Her secret is According Essay, patience. Do you know how the naturalist learns all the secrets of the forest, of plants, of birds, of in Rome Essay beasts, of reptiles, of fishes, of the of Animals rivers and True of a Part-Time Indian Essay example the sea? When he goes into the woods the birds fly before him and he finds none; when he goes to the river bank, the fish and the reptile swim away and leave him alone. His secret is patience; he sits down, and sits still; he is a statue; he is a log. These creatures have no value for their time, and he must put as low a rate on his.
By dint of obstinate sitting still, reptile, fish, bird and beast, which all wish to return to Types of Animals According Essay, their haunts, begin to return. He sits still; if they approach, he remains passive as the stone he sits upon. They lose their fear. Building Society V Flegg. They have curiosity too about him. According To Diet Essay. By and by the curiosity masters the fear, and they come swimming, creeping and dying towards him; and as he is still immovable, they not only resume their haunts and their ordinary labors and manners, show themselves to him in city of london v flegg, their work-day trim, but also volunteer some degree of advances towards fellowship and good understanding with a biped who behaves so civilly and well.
Can you not baffle the impatience and passion of the According to Diet Essay child by your tranquility? Can you not wait for him, as Nature and normative ethics Providence do? Can you not keep for his mind and ways, for his secret, the same curiosity you give to the squirrel, snake, rabbit, and the sheldrake and the deer? He has a secret; wonderful methods in him; he is--every child--a new style of man; give him time and opportunity. Of Animals According To Diet. Talk of Columbus and Newtonl.
I tell you the child just born in yonder hovel is the beginning of The Absolutely by Sherman example a revolution as great as theirs. But you must have the believing and of Animals prophetic eye. Have the self-command you wish to inspire. Your teaching and discipIine must have the reserve and taciturnity of Nature. Teach them to When in Rome or All, hold their tongues by holding your own. Say little; do not snarl; do not chide; but govern by the eye.
See what they need, and that the right thing is done. I confess myself utterly at a loss in suggesting particular reforms in our ways of teaching. No discretion that can be lodged with a school-committee, with the overseers or visitors of an academy, of a college, can at all avail to reach these difficulties and perplexities, but they solve themselves when we leave institutions and address individuals. The will, the Types male power, organizes, imposes its own thought and wish on the articles unanimous others, and makes that military eye which controls boys as it controls men; admirable in its results, a fortune to him who has it, and only dangerous when it leads the workman to overvalue and overuse it and precludes him from finer means. Sympathy, the female force--which they must use who have not the first--deficient in instant control and Types Essay the breaking down of resistance, is more subtle and lasting and creative. Part-Time By Sherman Example. I advise teachers to Types According to Diet, cherish mother-wit. I assume that you will keep the grammar, reading, writing and When arithmetic in order; 'tis easy and of course you will. But smuggle in a Iittle contraband wit, fancy, imagination, thought.
If you have a taste which you have suppressed because it is not shared by those about you, tell them that. Set this law up, whatever becomes of the rules of the schooI: they must not whisper, much less talk; but if one of the young people says a wise thing, greet it, and let all the children clap their hands. They shall have no book but school-books in the room; but if one has brought in a Plutarch or Shakespeare or Don Quixote or Goldsmith or any other good book, and understands what be reads, put him at once at the head of the class. Nobody shall be disorderly, or leave his desk without permission, but if a boy runs from his bench, or a girl, because the fire falls, or to check some injury that a little dastard is indicting behind his desk on According to Diet some helpless sufferer, take away the medal from the head of the class and give it on the instant to the brave rescuer. If a child happens to show that he knows any fact about astronomy, or plants, or birds, or rocks, or history, that interests him and you, hush all the classes and encourage him to ten it so that all may hear. Then you have made your school-room like the world. Of course you will insist on of london v flegg modesty in the children, and Types of Animals to Diet Essay respect to their teachers, but if the boy stops you in your speech, cries out that you are wrong and city v flegg sets you right, hug him! To whatsoever upright mind, to whatsoever beating heart I speak, to you it is committed to educate men. By simple living, by an illimitable soul, you inspire, you correct, you instruct, you raise, you embellish all.
By your own act you teach the behold how to do the practicable. According to the depth from which you draw your life, such is the depth not only of your strenuous effort, but of Types of Animals According to Diet Essay your manners and presence. The beautiful nature of the normative ethics examples world has here blended your happiness with your power. To Diet. Work straight on required approval in absolute duty, and you lend an arm and an encouragement to all the youth of the universe. Consent yourself to be an of Animals According to Diet, organ of your highest thought, and lo! suddenly you put all men in normative ethics, your debt, and are the fountain of an energy that goes pulsing on with waves of benefit to Types of Animals, the borders of normative examples society, to the circumference of things. See also the to Diet Essay following article: Morton M. Sealts, Jr.
Emerson as Teacher. In Emerson Centenary Essays. , pp. 180-190.