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Contract , Federal Aviation Administration , Flight simulator 1580 Words | 7 Pages. Job application Writing Practice 1 ( follow – up to job application ) Robin Anakin sent an email . to Glaston Potteries in response to an advertisement for an Administrator, but received no reply. Here he is following up with another email, but there are several mistakes in companies in pakistan, it relating to spelling, punctuation, paragraphing, language, and content. Rewrite the email in a more acceptable form. To John Merton Co. Subject: Job application I sent an emial to How to a Coach Essay, you requesting an aplication.

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I graduated as a Civil Engineer in University of eminent Ilorin, faculty of Engineering and How to Become Technology in Essay about Unfaithful: Up’s Words, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria and Essay have received a 5years Bachelor in Engineering degree and in the now a second level specialized master's. Academic degree , Civil engineering , Engineering 722 Words | 3 Pages. Application Letter There are some mistakes and Become Essay ambiguous expressions in versus eminent, the following application . letter for a job as a salesperson. Rewrite it after making the corrections or amendment to it. |Human Resources Department | |Avon Products (Guangzhou) Ltd. | |3?f 420, E. Huanshi Road . Application for employment , Cover letter , Employment 908 Words | 3 Pages. How a Resume Is Different from a Job Application. Job seekers must fully understand the vast differences between a company employment application and a well-crafted resume. “The . How To Essay! resume is a selling tool that outlines your skills and experiences so an employer can see, at all of are considered basic except for, a glance, how you can contribute to How to Become a Coach, the employers’ workplace.” (Mort, n. d. ) “An application is a form that a job candidate fills out to apply for Bickering the Uninhabited in the China Sea an open position with a particular company.” (GreatSampleResumes.com, 2012) Although there are some similarities, the differences. Application for How to a Coach employment , Cover letter , Employment 1130 Words | 3 Pages. Common Types of Application Letters. Common Types of Application Letters To begin planning your letter , decide which type of application . letter you need. This decision is in part based on requirements that employers may have, and in part based on what your background and change important employment needs are.

In many ways, types of application letters are like the types of resumes. The types of application letters can be defined according to amount and kind of information: ? Objective letters ? One type of How to Become a Coach Essay letter says very little: it identifies the. Application for employment , Business letter , Cover letter 1693 Words | 5 Pages. ? Sample application letter YZ Company 87 Delaware Road Hatfield, CA 08065 (909) 555-5555 . george.gillhooley@email.com Date Dear Mr. Gilhooley, I am writing to apply for the programmer position advertised in the Times Union. As requested, I am enclosing a completed job application , my certification, my resume and three references.

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I recently obtained my Degree from imminent, (Insert School here). Application for employment , Cover letter , Employment 271 Words | 2 Pages. cover letter, resume, job interview guideline. ?Assignment 1 – Application Letter , Resume, Interview (30 Marks) Scenario: This task provides an opportunity for you to How to Become a Coach, . fully prepare for applying for a job . You are going to be seeking and applying for a job . You will compose an application letter and a resume as well as participate in a mock interview. Search for one job posting from either an city v flegg internet site or the newspaper. Find something you are both interested in or qualified for. Customize your application letter and a Coach resume to and Japan: the Uninhabited in the East Sea, the particular.

Application for employment , Cover letter , Curriculum vitae 756 Words | 4 Pages. Jeffrey Badelles Ext. Iligan City Ma’am/Sir, I am Elizabeth S.Lee, a 4th year Bachelor of How to Become a Coach Science in Business Administration student of St.Michael . College. In partial fulfillment of the versus eminent, requirement of Become a Coach Essay this degree, I am required to have an On-the- job Training for 320 hours within the duration of second semester 2014. In connection to this, I would like to apply as a trainee in your company because I believe that the training and all of relations experience I will acquire during this span of Essay time will broaden my. Apprenticeship , Microsoft , Microsoft Office 587 Words | 6 Pages. way of life, in order to adquire good english to get a better job . I have several queries about your courses.

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I am Edna E. Porcare, a junior, majoring Business Administration in of london society, Financial Management at St. Peter’s College of Ormoc. Our course curriculum requires us to have a 200-hour supervised in-plant training that aims to complement the concepts and theories that. Cities in Become Essay, the Philippines , Eastern Visayas , High school 411 Words | 4 Pages. === Sample Letter of why is Recommendation=== To Whom It May Concern: As the How to a Coach, Dean of city of london building society Stonewell College, I have had the pleasure . of knowing Hannah Smith for the last four years. She has been a tremendous student and an asset to our school. I would like to take this opportunity to How to Become a Coach, recommend Hannah for your graduate program. I feel confident that she will continue to succeed in China and Japan: Islands in the, her studies. Hannah is How to a Coach Essay, a dedicated student and thus far her grades have been exemplary.

In class, she has proven to be. College , English-language films , Family name 1224 Words | 5 Pages. Sample Formal Letter Of Application. ? Sample Formal Letter of the following are considered basic human relations in confucianism except for Application Title Company Name Address City, State, Zip Code Dear Contact Person: I'm . writing to express my interest in the Web Content Specialist position listed on Monster.com. I have experience building large, consumer-focused health-based content sites. While much of my experience has been in the business world, I understand the social value of the non-profit sector and my business experience will be an asset to your organization. Become Essay! My responsibilities included the. Business letter , HIV , Letter 2959 Words | 20 Pages. ? Application later May 15, 2012 Yogyakarta, May 4th, 2013 To : Lbb Pintar Lembaga Bimbingan Belajar pintar Jl Gedong Kuning Selatan, . Perum BKN no 35, Kotagede – Yogyakarta Dear MR/MS : Thank you for Essay about A Close Up’s Worth a Thousand posting your need for Become a Coach a teaching position and i have read it . I am available to fill this opening and can begin work immediately after hiring. My name is imminent, Is Dewangga.

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Some of my basic qualifications are as follow: * High performance on Become Essay, computer system and analysis * Perform or direct revision, repair, or expansion of existing programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements **Among others not stated with this letter are found on the attached resume . Analytical engine , Computer , Computer programming 455 Words | 3 Pages. application letter to be corrected. the advertisement of your company for a Managing Staff that was advertised by the Manila Bulletin last March 21, and as what Mr. Sean Serkis, the manager of Essay about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s a Thousand Words . LOR Trading told me about the vacancy for Become a Coach Essay the said position. I would like to submit my application . I am very much confident that I am qualified for the position because I am good as anyone else. Basic Relations In Confucianism For! I am a self oriented person interested with developing Marketing Management Strategies. I enjoy planning and organizing.

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Academic degree , Cagayan , Civil engineer 392 Words | 3 Pages. reason is that I aspire to become an Occupational Therapist in the future and I’ve been passionate about this for Become a Coach Essay many years. Having set my goals and looked . into in the business environment important my university courses, I believe Health and Social would put me in good stead for my application for university and Become enable me to have a better knowledge and understanding prior to beginning an versus OT course in Become a Coach Essay, university. Through my own life I have developed a fairly large amount of imminent versus eminent knowledge on Become a Coach, Health and Social Care. Throughout my school time. Health , Health care , Knowledge 1752 Words | 3 Pages. Congratulations! Axiata Group Berhad (Axiata) is delighted to offer you a place in our University Leadership Development Programme.

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4 Steps to Writing a Job-Winning Resume. Writing your resume, or even updating your resume, can be a scary, daunting task. But with the right approach and know-how, you can create your own standout document in no time. How To Become A Coach Essay? And the good news is we’re here to imminent versus eminent, help. Become? We’ve broken down the resume-writing process into 4 simple steps to make it easier for you to get started! Our Resume Writing Guide gives you an overview of each section of your resume, followed by Essay Unfaithful: Up’s Worth a Thousand Words some quick tips and How to Become Essay, actual resume examples that you can use as model for your own resume. City Society V Flegg? Every great resume begins with a strong summary statement. This is a short description of who you are professionally that includes a brief list of your top skills. Your summary statement is the Become Essay, first thing that recruiters will see. The Following Are Considered In Confucianism Except? So think of it as your big chance to catch someone’s attention. How To A Coach Essay? You also want to show hiring leaders that you’re a great fit for the job.

You can do this by using the skills and keywords that are in the job description in your summary statement – just make sure you only use those that reflect your experience (no exaggerating or lying on your resume!). Your statement can be written in either sentence form or bullet-point form and building society, should be short, but effective – no more than 3 sentences or bullet points; it should also contain the following information: Your professional title Top 2-3 skills Specific expertise, professional traits, accomplishments. Need help writing your own professional summary statement? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of How to Become a Coach, expertly written summary statements and Essay about, career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to How to Become a Coach Essay, your resume. Registered nurse with 9 years of experience in medical centers and operating rooms ICU and ER experience in 40+ bed units Strong organizational and interpersonal skills.

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Hiring managers should be able to scan your resume and find this list of skills easily. How To Become? Here are a few helpful tips for writing a skills section that will get you noticed. The Following Are Considered Basic Human Relations Except For? Target your skills to the job : This is one of the Essay, best ways to customize your resume for the job you are applying to. Top 10 Companies In Pakistan? Read the job description and list all of the required and desired skills for the position. Then, see if you have any skills that match up with those on your list; these are the abilities you should include in your skills section.

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Hiring managers will be looking for your achievements and successes, not just your responsibilities, so it’s important to include both. When listing your responsibilities and duties, be sure to use action verbs to How to Become a Coach Essay, increase the strength of your writing and the following human, make potential employers take notice. Some action verbs to Become a Coach Essay, use include: Communicated Negotiated Joined Reported Customized Initiated Planned Budgeted Developed Prepared Contributed Ensured Provided Led. It takes practice and time to come up with your accomplishments and successes and to all of the following in confucianism, add numbers to them numbers such as how much money you saved the How to, company, how you increased efficiency, or how many sales you achieved in a certain period of time. However, using two or three bullets under each job to basic human relations in confucianism for, describe your successes, along with metrics, will land you an interview. Need help writing a work experience section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to your own resume. Bayle Industries, Hutchins Creek, MD. July 2010 – present. Prioritized and managed multiple administrative projects while managing day-to- day tasks such as receiving and How to Become a Coach, distributing mail, maintaining conference rooms, managing calendars, and maintaining office supplies.

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Even if you don’t have previous experience in a particular job, you may increase your chances of being considered for the position if you can show that you have taken courses that are relevant to How to Become a Coach, the position at hand. Here are some tips to help make your education section work for fertilizer companies you: List the highest level of education first. This will help catch the hiring manager’s eye and Become a Coach Essay, ensure that he or she is able to determine your education level quickly. If you are recent graduate without a ton of in the environment important, work experience, then you can place your education section at How to Become a Coach the top of your resume for all of the following relations in confucianism emphasis. Include your educational information in this order: Degree or diploma name is listed first. How To Essay? Major(s) follow the degree. If you have minors, these are optional to Essay about A Close Up’s Worth Words, list but it’s recommended to How to Become a Coach, list them if they are relevant to the job you are applying for. List the all of the following basic human relations in confucianism for, date you received the degree or diploma by year (for example, 2003).

If you are soon-to-be grad, you can list your expected graduation date. Employment periods for Essay each job, written as Month/Date – Month/Date Do not include your GPA on over the Uninhabited Islands East Sea your resume unless you are a recent graduate. If you don’t have a degree, never fear! If you have an associate’s degree, you can list it in the same way as above. It is also perfectly acceptable to list any college experience you do have, even if you didn’t graduate. In the absence of Essay, a college degree, it’s extremely important to all of the following are considered basic human in confucianism except, list any professional training or certificates you have received especially if they are relevant to the job you are applying for. Then, make sure to Essay, emphasize your work experience section as much as possible to versus, show employers that you are qualified for the position, whether or not you have a degree.

Need help writing an education section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder can help you quickly and How to Become Essay, effectively outline your classroom achievements. More Articles about How to Write Your First Resume. Bickering In The East China Sea? 3 Critical Mistakes to How to Become a Coach Essay, Avoid on top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan Your First Ever Resume. Tips On Creating A Resume For A New Career. How to Write a Resume When You Have No Work Experience. Get Hired In 30 Seconds: Resume Summary Tips. Get Your Resume In Front of the Right People: Four Tips. How To A Coach Essay? Create a Resume That Stops Traffic. How to Write a Resume that Lands More Job Offers.

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The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a Coach Essay, a Post-Copyright World. (See also other available formats for the English, such as EPUB, Daisy, PDF, etc.) There is one group of people not shocked by the record industry's policy of suing randomly chosen file sharers: historians of copyright. They already know what everyone else is China Bickering the Uninhabited East China slowly finding out: that copyright was never primarily about paying artists for their work, and How to Become, that far from being designed to versus eminent support creators, copyright was designed by and for distributors — that is, publishers, which today includes record companies. But now that the How to Become a Coach, Internet has given us a world without distribution costs, it no longer makes any sense to restrict sharing in order to pay for centralized distribution. Abandoning copyright is now not only possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and and Japan: East China Sea, aesthetically.

In place of corporate gatekeepers determining what can and can't be distributed, a much finer-grained filtering process would allow works to spread based on How to Become a Coach, their merit alone. We would see a return to an older and richer cosmology of in pakistan, creativity, one in How to which copying and borrowing openly from others' works is fertilizer companies in pakistan simply a normal part of the How to Become, creative process, a way of acknowledging one's sources and of improving on what has come before. And the old canard that artists need copyright to earn a living would be revealed as the fertilizer companies in pakistan, pretense it has always been. None of this will happen, however, if the How to, industry has its way. Are Considered Basic Human Relations Except For? For three centuries, the publishing industry has been working very hard to obscure copyright's true origins, and to promote the myth that it was invented by writers and artists. How To A Coach Essay? Even today, they continue to campaign for ever stronger laws against sharing, for international treaties that compel all nations to conform to the copyright policies of the about Unfaithful: Up’s, strictest, and How to Essay, most of all to make sure the public never asks exactly who this system is meant to imminent help. The reward for these efforts can be seen in the public's reaction to the file-sharing lawsuits. How To Become? While most people agree that this time the industry went too far, the about Unfaithful: Up’s Worth a Thousand, error is mainly treated as one of degree — as if the How to a Coach Essay, record companies had a valid point, but had merely resorted to excessive force in making it. To read the the following are considered human in confucianism for, true history of How to Become, copyright is to imminent versus eminent understand just how completely this reaction plays into the industry's hands. The record companies don't really care whether they win or lose these lawsuits. In the long run, they don't even expect to eliminate file sharing.

What they're fighting for is much bigger. They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work that says someone ought to own products of the Become Essay, mind, and control who can copy them. All Of The Following In Confucianism? And by positioning the issue as a contest between the Beleaguered Artist, who supposedly needs copyright to How to Become a Coach Essay pay the rent, and The Unthinking Masses, who would rather copy a song or a story off the and Japan: over China Sea, Internet than pay a fair price, the industry has been astonishingly successful. They have managed to substitute the loaded terms piracy and theft for the more accurate copying — as if there were no difference between stealing your bicycle (now you have no bicycle) and copying your song (now we both have it). Most importantly, industry propaganda has made it a commonplace belief that copyright is how most creators earn a living — that without copyright, the engines of intellectual production would grind to a halt, and artists would have neither means nor motivation to produce new works. Yet a close look at history shows that copyright has never been a major factor in allowing creativity to flourish. How To Become? Copyright is an outgrowth of the privatization of government censorship in sixteenth-century England.

There was no uprising of top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, authors suddenly demanding the How to Become Essay, right to prevent other people from copying their works; far from viewing copying as theft, authors generally regarded it as flattery. The bulk of creative work has always depended, then and Bickering over the Uninhabited East Sea, now, on Become Essay, a diversity of funding sources: commissions, teaching jobs, grants or stipends, patronage, etc. The introduction of are considered in confucianism except for, copyright did not change this situation. Become Essay? What it did was allow a particular business model — mass pressings with centralized distribution — to make a few lucky works available to a wider audience, at considerable profit to the distributors. The arrival of the in pakistan, Internet, with its instantaneous, costless sharing, has made that business model obsolete — not just obsolete, but an obstacle to the very benefits copyright was alleged to Become bring society in the first place. Prohibiting people from freely sharing information serves no one's interests but the publishers'.

Although the industry would like us to believe that prohibiting sharing is somehow related to enabling artists to make a living, their claim does not stand up to even mild scrutiny. For the vast majority of top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, artists, copyright brings no economic benefits. True, there are a few stars — some quite talented — whose works are backed by the industry; these receive the lion's share of distribution investment, and generate a correspondingly greater profit, which is shared with the artist on better than usual terms because the artist's negotiating position is stronger. Not coincidentally, these stars are who the industry always holds up as examples of the benefits of copyright. But to treat this small group as representative would be to confuse marketing with reality.

Most artists' lives look nothing like theirs, and Become Essay, never will, under the imminent, current spoils system. Become A Coach Essay? That is all of the following relations in confucianism except for why the stereotype of the impoverished artist remains alive and well after three hundred years. The publishing industry's campaign to preserve copyright is waged out of pure self-interest, but it forces on us a clear choice. We can watch as most of our cultural heritage is stuffed into a vending machine and sold back to us dollar by dollar — or we can reexamine the copyright myth and find an alternative. The first copyright law was a censorship law. It was not about protecting the a Coach, rights of authors, or encouraging them to produce new works. Authors' rights were in little danger in sixteenth-century England, and the recent arrival of the printing press (the world's first copying machine) was if anything energizing to writers. So energizing, in fact, that the English government grew concerned about too many works being produced, not too few. The new technology was making seditious reading material widely available for the first time, and the government urgently needed to control the flood of about Unfaithful: A Close Worth Words, printed matter, censorship being as legitimate an administrative function then as building roads. The method the government chose was to establish a guild of private-sector censors, the London Company of Become, Stationers, whose profits would depend on how well they performed their function. The Stationers were granted a royal monopoly over all printing in England, old works as well as new, in return for keeping a strict eye on what was printed.

Their charter gave them not only exclusive right to print, but also the right to search out and and Japan: Bickering over the Uninhabited Islands, confiscate unauthorized presses and books, and even to burn illegally printed books. No book could be printed until it was entered in the company's Register, and no work could be added to the Register until it had passed the Become a Coach Essay, crown's censor, or had been self-censored by the following are considered relations for, the Stationers. The Company of Stationers became, in a Coach effect, the government's private, for-profit information police force [1]. The system was quite openly designed to serve booksellers and the government, not authors. New books were entered in the Company's Register under a Company member's name, not the fertilizer companies, author's name. By convention, the member who registered the entry held the copyright, the exclusive right to publish that book, over How to Become, other members of the Company, and the Company's Court of Assistants resolved infringement disputes [2]. This was not simply the latest manifestation of imminent versus eminent, some pre-existing form of copyright. It's not as though authors had formerly had copyrights, which were now to be taken away and given to the Stationers. The Stationers' right was a new right, though one based on a long tradition of granting monopolies to guilds as a means of How to Essay, control. Before this moment, copyright — that is, a privately held, generic right to prevent others from companies, copying — did not exist.

People routinely printed works they admired when they had the chance, an activity which is How to Become a Coach Essay responsible for the survival of and Japan: over East, many of How to Become Essay, those works to city of london building the present day. One could, of course, be enjoined from distributing a specific document because of its potentially libelous effect, or because it was a private communication, or because the government considered it dangerous and seditious. But these reasons are about public safety or damage to reputation, not about property ownership. There had also been, in some cases, special privileges (then called patents) allowing exclusive printing of How to Become, certain types of books. But until the Company of and Japan: over the Uninhabited in the East, Stationers, there had not been a blanket injunction against printing in general, nor a conception of copyright as a legal property that could be owned by a private party.

For about How to Become a Coach, a century and a third, this partnership worked well for the government and for over Islands Sea, the Stationers. The Stationers profited from their monopoly, and through the Stationers, the government exercised control over the spread of How to a Coach, information. Why Is In The Environment Important? Around the end of the seventeenth century, however, owing to larger political changes, the a Coach Essay, government relaxed its censorship policies, and allowed the Stationers' monopoly to expire. This meant that printing would return to its former anarchical state, and was of course a direct economic threat to the members of the Company of Stationers, accustomed as they were to having exclusive license to China and Japan: over the Uninhabited Islands Sea manufacture books. Dissolution of the monopoly might have been good news for Become Essay, long-suppressed authors and independent printers, but it spelled disaster for the Stationers, and they quickly crafted a strategy to retain their position in the newly liberal political climate.

The Stationers based their strategy on a crucial realization, one that has stayed with publishing conglomerates ever since: authors do not have the top 10 in pakistan, means to distribute their own works. Writing a book requires only pen, paper, and a Coach Essay, time. But distributing a book requires printing presses, transportation networks, and an up-front investment in all of the following relations except materials and typesetting. Thus, the Stationers reasoned, people who write would always need a publisher's cooperation to make their work generally available. Their strategy used this fact to Become a Coach maximum advantage. Eminent? They went before Parliament and offered the then-novel argument that authors had a natural and inherent right of ownership in what they wrote, and that furthermore, such ownership could be transferred to other parties by contract, like any other form of property. Their argument succeeded in persuading Parliament. The Stationers had managed to avoid the odium of censorship, as the new copyrights would originate with the author, but they knew that authors would have little choice but to sign those rights back over to a publisher for distribution.

There was some judicial and political wrangling over the details, but in the end both halves of the Stationers' argument survived essentially intact, and became part of How to Become, English statutory law. City Of London Building Society? The first recognizably modern copyright, the Statute of Become, Anne, was passed in 1709 and took effect in 1710. The Statute of Anne is often held up by change in the environment important, champions of copyright as the moment when authors were finally given the How to, protection they had long deserved. Even today, it continues to the following are considered human relations be referenced both in legal arguments and in How to Essay press releases from the publishing industry. But to imminent eminent interpret it as an authors' victory flies in Become a Coach Essay the face of both common sense and historical fact [3]. Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to building society v flegg suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to prevent the spread of their own works, and did not do so. The only Become a Coach Essay people threatened by all of basic human in confucianism, the dissolution of the Stationers' monopoly were the Become a Coach, Stationers themselves, and the Statute of Anne was the city of london building v flegg, direct result of their lobbying and campaigning. In the memorable words of the contemporary Lord Camden, the How to, Stationers . Business Environment? came up to Parliament in the form of petitioners, with tears in a Coach their eyes, hopeless and forlorn; they brought with them their wives and children to basic relations except excite compassion, and induce Parliament to grant them a statutory security. [4] To make their argument more palatable, they had proposed that copyright would originate with the author, as a form of property that could be sold to anyone — anticipating, correctly, that it would most often be sold to a printer.

This proposal was a shrewd tactical move, because one of Parliament's concerns was to prevent the re-establishment of a centralized monopoly in the book trade, with its attendant potential for a renewal of censorship by the crown. How To A Coach Essay? Benjamin Kaplan, professor of law emeritus at Harvard University and a respected copyright scholar, describes the Stationers position succinctly: . The stationers made the case that they could not produce the fragile commodities called books, and thus encourage learned men to write them, without protection against companies in pakistan, piracy. How To? There is an apparent tracing of rights to an ultimate source in the fact of authorship, but before attaching large importance to this we have to note that if printing as a trade was not to be put back into the hands of a few as subject of monopoly — if the statute was indeed to be a kind of universal patent — a [legal] draftsman would naturally be led to express himself in terms of rights in books and hence to initial rights in authors. A draftsman would anyway be aware that rights would usually pass immediately to publishers by assignment, that is, by purchase of the manuscripts as in why is in the important the past. . Become A Coach Essay? I think it nearer the truth to say that publishers saw the tactical advantage of putting forward authors' interests together with their own, and this tactic produced some effect on the tone of the statute.[5] The Statute of Anne, taken in historical context, is the smoking gun of in pakistan, copyright law. In it we can see the entire apparatus of modern copyright, but in still-undisguised form. Become? There is the notion of Essay Unfaithful: A Close Up’s, copyright as property, yet the property is really intended for publishers, not authors. How To A Coach? There is the notion of benefitting society, by encouraging people to write books, but no evidence was offered to show that they would not write books without copyright. Rather, the Stationers' argument was that publishers could not afford to print books without protection from basic relations except, competition, and furthermore that printers could not be depended to reproduce works faithfully if given unfettered freedom to print. The corollary, they implied, was that without the prospect of reliable distribution, authors would produce fewer new works.

Their argument was not unreasonable, given the technology of the time. Making a perfect copy of a printed work required access to the original press and compositor, anyway; if reliable reproduction were to be encouraged, then a single-holder copyright system had a certain logic to it. Become A Coach Essay? And the top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, publishers would now be effectively forced to pay authors in return for exclusive printing rights (although in fact the Become a Coach Essay, Stationers had sometimes payed authors even before, simply to guarantee the building v flegg, completion and delivery of a work). The authors who succeeded in selling this new right to printers had no particular motivation to complain — and naturally, we don't hear very much about the authors not so favored. The consolidation of author's copyright probably contributed to the decline of patronage as a source of Become Essay, income for writers [6], and even allowed some authors, though always a small minority, to support themselves solely from the royalties their publishers shared with them. The fact that a given copyright could only imminent versus be held by How to Essay, one party at imminent, a time also helped prevent the proliferation of divergent variations, a problem that had vexed authors perhaps even more than plagiarism, as there was no easy method by which they could endorse or disclaim particular variations. But the overall historical record is How to a Coach clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators. This is the secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the true purpose of subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. In The Environment Important? The Statute of Anne was just the beginning.

Having granted the premise that copyrights should exist at all, the English government found themselves under pressure to extend copyright terms further and further. In the long legal saga that ensued, what's important is not the particular sequence of laws and How to a Coach, verdicts, but the identity of the imminent versus eminent, plaintiffs: they were just the sort of stable, settled business interests capable of How to a Coach, sustaining litigation and lobbying over a period of decades — that is, they were publishers, not authors. They had proposed the author's copyright out of eminent, economic interest, and only after the crutch of Become a Coach, a censorship-based monopoly had been taken away from top 10, them. When it became clear that the tactic worked, they lobbied to strengthen copyright. And this is still the pattern today. Whenever the How to a Coach Essay, U.S. Congress extends copyright terms or powers, it is the result of pressure from the publishing industry. The lobbyists will sometimes trot out a superstar author or musician as an exhibit, a human face for what is essentially an industry effort, but it's always quite clear what's really going on. All you have to do is look at who's paying the lawyer's and versus, lobbyists' bills, and whose names appear in the court dockets — publishers'.

The industry's centuries-long campaign for strong copyright law is not merely a reflexive land grab, however. How To A Coach? It's a natural economic response to technological circumstances. The effect of the building, printing press, and How to Essay, later of analog sound recording technology, was to make creative works inseparable from their means of of london building, distribution. Authors needed publishers the Become Essay, way electricity needs wires. The Following Basic Human Relations In Confucianism Except For? The only economically viable method of reaching readers (or listeners) was the bulk print run: to manufacture thousands of identical copies at once, then physically ship them to various points of distribution. Before agreeing to such an investment, any publisher would naturally prefer to buy or lease the copyright from the author, and Become, just as naturally would lobby the government for the strongest possible copyright powers, the better to protect their investment. There is nothing inherently exploitative about this; it's just straightforward economics. From a business point of view, a print run is a daunting and risky project. It involves the high up-front costs of a physical medium (be it dead tree pulp, magnetic tape, vinyl platters, or pitted optical discs), plus complicated, expensive machinery to imprint the companies in pakistan, content onto the medium.

There's also the unseen investment of vetting the master copy: because a flawed master can reduce the value of the entire run, publishers and Become a Coach, authors go to considerable trouble to generate a polished, error-free version of the work before printing. There is eminent little room for an incremental or evolutionary process here; the work must be brought to How to Become a Coach Essay near-perfection before the public ever sees it. Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Words? If any mistakes are overlooked, they will have to How to a Coach Essay be tolerated in the finished product, at least until the process is started again for the Uninhabited East China, the next print run. The publisher must also negotiate prices and line up distribution paths, which is not only a matter of bookkeeping, but of physical expenses, of trucks and trains and shipping containers. Finally, as if all this weren't enough, the publisher is compelled to spend even more money on a Coach, marketing and publicity, to have a better chance of at least recovering all these outlays.

When one realizes that all this must happen before the work has generated a penny of imminent, revenue, it is little wonder that publishers argue hard for copyright. The publisher's initial investment — that is, their risk — in any individual work is greater, in economic terms, than the author's. Authors by themselves might have no inherent desire to control copying, but publishers do. And in a world filled with publishers' royalty-supported marketing departments, authors, of course, need publishers all the Essay, more. The concentration of distribution revenues results, inevitably, in the familiar logic of an Essay Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Worth a Thousand Words, arms race. The arrival of the Internet fundamentally changed this equation. How To A Coach? It has become cliche to say that the Internet is as revolutionary a development as the printing press, and it is.

But it is revolutionary in a different way. The printing press may have made it possible to turn one book into a thousand books, but those books still had to travel from the China the Uninhabited Islands in the East Sea, press into How to Become a Coach Essay the hands of in pakistan, readers. Physical books were not only the Essay, medium in which the why is change in the business, content was consumed, they were also the medium in which it was transported to the consumer. How To A Coach? Thus, a publisher's total expense was proportional to change in the the number of copies distributed. How To Become A Coach Essay? In such a situation, it is reasonable to ask that each user bear a portion of the costs of distribution. Each user is, after all, more or less responsible for her particular quantum of expense. If the book (or record) is in all of relations in confucianism for her hands, it must have gotten there somehow, which in turn means someone spent money to How to a Coach Essay get it there. Divide those expenses by the number of copies, add in some amount for imminent eminent, profit, and a Coach Essay, you arrive, roughly speaking, at the book's price. But today, the medium over which content is distributed can be unrelated to the medium in which it is ultimately consumed. Top 10 Fertilizer Companies In Pakistan? The data can be sent over a wire, at essentially no cost, and the user can print up a copy at her own expense, and at How to, whatever quality she can afford, on the other end [7].

Furthermore, it is no longer important to imminent versus eminent possess the How to Essay, master; in fact, the versus eminent, concept of the master copy itself is obsolete. How To Become Essay? To make a perfect copy of a printed work is actually quite hard, although making a corrupt or abridged copy is very easy. Meanwhile, to make a perfect copy of a digital work is trivially easy — it's making an imperfect copy that requires extra effort. Thus the practice of charging the same fee for each copy, regardless of how many copies there are or who made them, is now unjustifiable. City Of London? The cost of producing and distributing the work is now essentially fixed, no longer proportional to the number of copies.

From society's point of Become Essay, view, every dollar spent beyond the society v flegg, amount needed (if any) to bring the work into existence in the first place is a waste, an impediment to the work's ability to spread on its own merits. The Internet did something the How to Become a Coach, Company of imminent, Stationers never anticipated: it made their argument a testable hypothesis. Would creators still create, without centralized publishers to How to a Coach Essay distribute their works? Even minimal exposure to the Internet is enough to provide the answer: of course they will. Essay A Thousand? They already are.

Computer users are comfortable downloading music and making CDs at home, and, slowly but inevitably, musicians are getting comfortable releasing tracks for How to, free downloading [8]. Many short works of versus, both fiction and How to Become a Coach, non-fiction are already available online. Printing and binding entire books on demand is rarer, but only because the equipment to do it is still somewhat expensive. That equipment is getting steadily cheaper, however, and it's only and Japan: over the Uninhabited East a matter of time before the a Coach, copy shop down the street has it. There is no fundamental difference between music and text, from a distribution point of are considered relations, view. As printing and How to Essay, binding technology gets cheaper, authors will see more and more clearly that they have the same alternative musicians do, and the result will be the same: more and more material available without restriction, by the choice of the author. Some might argue that authors are different, that they are more dependent on copyright than musicians. After all, a musician expects to perform, and can therefore gain indirectly by releasing recordings for free — greater exposure leads to more performances. Bickering Over In The East Sea? But authors don't perform; they reach their audience only Essay through their works, not in person. Versus Eminent? If they now had to How to Become come up with ways to fund themselves without imposing an artificial scarcity on Essay about a Thousand, their works, could they do it?

Imagine the How to, simplest scenario: you walk into business environment the neighborhood print shop and tell the clerk the Web address of the book you want. Become Essay? A couple of minutes later, the clerk comes back with a freshly printed, hardbound book, straight off the Internet. He rings up the sale. That'll be eight dollars. Would you like to add the the following relations except, one dollar author's suggested donation? Do you say yes? Perhaps you do, perhaps not — but note that when museums charge a voluntary admission fee, people often pay it.

The same sort of dynamic is at work in Become the copy shop. Most people are happy to pay a tiny extra bit on top of some larger amount, if they have their wallet out about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s a Thousand Words, already and think it's for a good reason. When people fail to make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in a Coach Essay the mail, etc) than the city of london building, money. But even if only half, or fewer, of Essay, all readers were to make such donations, authors would still earn more than they do under traditional royalty schemes, and furthermore would have the pleasure of finally being the readers' ally in distribution, instead of their enemy. This is a Thousand Words not the only possible system, and it can easily coexist with others. Those not convinced by voluntary donations should consider another method: the Fund and Release system (also called the Threshold Pledge system [9]). This system is a Coach designed to solve the classic problem of distributed funding, which is about A Close Up’s Worth Words that each contributor wants reassurance that others are also contributing, before putting in her own money.

Under fund-and-release, the hopeful creator of a new work states up front how much money will be required to produce it — this is the threshold. An intermediary organization then collects pledges, in any amounts, from the general public. Essay? When the total amount pledged reaches the of london building, threshhold (or exceeds it by some standard percentage, to account for bookkeeping and assumption of risk), the intermediary signs a contract with the creator, and the pledges are called in. Only at this stage, when there is How to Essay enough money to achieve the desired result, is anyone asked to Essay about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Worth a Thousand actually pay up. The intermediary holds the money in escrow, paying the creator according to whatever schedule they negotiated. The last of the How to Essay, money is paid when the work is completed and made publically available, not just to the contributors, but to the entire world.

If the creator doesn't produce, the versus, intermediary returns the How to, money to the donors. The fund-and-release system has some interesting properties not found in the monopolistic, copyright-based marketplace. The resultant work is available to everyone in imminent eminent the world, free of charge. Yet the author was also paid enough to produce the work; if she needed more, she would have asked for more and seen if the market would bear it. Those who did choose to pay paid only as much as they were comfortable with, no more.

And finally, there was no risk for the contributors — if the threshold is never reached, then no one pays anything. Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. A couple of years ago, the established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured Bulgari products prominently. She did so, titling the book The Bulgari Connection. The book was originally intended as a limited edition to be given away at a corporate function, but having written it, Weldon took it to a publisher for general release.

Does this mean that in the future we'll have to scrutinize all creative works for signs of hidden corporate sponsorship? Perhaps, but this is nothing new — product placement was invented in the context of traditional copyright, and has flourished there, as it probably would anywhere. Copyright is How to Essay neither the cause of imminent versus, corporate sponsorship nor its antidote. How To A Coach? To look to the publishing industry as a force for decommercialization would be weirdly out of touch indeed. These are just a few examples of ways to support creative work without copyright. There are many other methods [10]; there were many even before the Internet made convenient, direct micropayments possible. Fertilizer Companies In Pakistan? Whether a given artist uses this or that particular scheme doesn't matter. How To Become Essay? The important thing is that with little or no friction to impede the payment of tiny amounts, authors will find ways to make such payments happen on the scale they need.

Those economists who are enamoured of markets as a solution to everything should be in love with the possibilities here (but, predictably, many are not, because they hate to see anything become depropertized). To see a glimpse of the future, it may be most helpful to imminent versus look not at net-savvy musicians, but at software. The flourishing Free Software movement is probably the best example we have today of a post-copyright world. Free software (some also call it Open Source) is the brainchild of a Coach, Richard Stallman, a programmer who had the idea of releasing software under a deliberately reversed copyright. Instead of prohibiting sharing, the software's license explicitly permits and encourages it. A number of others soon caught on to his idea, and because they were able to change business share and modify each other's programs without limit, they quickly produced a large body of working code.

Some predicted that this initial success would quickly level off as the software increased in size and complexity and required centralized, hierarchical organizations to Become maintain. But instead of foundering, the Free Software movement has grown so quickly that even its own participants are surprised, and environment, it shows no signs of stopping. It now produces software whose functionality rivals that available in Become Essay the proprietary market. Free software is widely used by banks, corporations, and governments, as well as individual computer users. More web sites run the free Apache web server than run all other web servers combined. Free operating systems are now the companies, fastest-growing segment of the How to a Coach Essay, operating system market. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the imminent versus eminent, software, and some of those users are willing to pay for it), others volunteer their time. Each software project has its own reasons for existing, and Become Essay, each programmer their own reasons for contributing. But the cumulative effect is a direct flaunting of copyright's entire justification: a thriving community of intellectual production now exists without enforcing copyrights, yet achieves substantially the city society v flegg, same results as its mainstream counterpart.

According to the traditional justification of How to, copyright, this shouldn't be happening. The software is all of the following basic in confucianism essentially in the public domain; its copyright serves mainly to How to a Coach identify the original authors, and in some cases to prevent anyone else from imposing a stricter license. The authors have given up every exclusive right except the right to be identified as the authors. They have voluntarily returned to a world before copyright law: they enforce no royalties, and have no control over the distribution and modification of their works. Why Is Change In The Environment? The software's license gives everyone automatic permission both to use and to redistribute it. You can simply start handing out copies, there's no need to notify anyone or ask permission. If you want to modify it, you're free to do that too. You can even sell it, though naturally it's difficult to Become charge much, since you'd be competing with others handing out the same goods at no cost. A more common model is to encourage people to download the software for free, and instead sell services such as technical support, training, and customization. Unfaithful: Up’s A Thousand Words? These models are not fantasies, they are the basis for Become a Coach, profitable businesses that exist right now, paying real programmers competitive salaries to work on free software. But the point is not that people are paid to do it — some are, but many more are not, and yet write it anyway.

The real point is all of basic in confucianism for that a tremendous amount of free software is Become Essay produced and maintained every year, at a rate that grows quickly even by the standards of the software industry. If this phenomenon were isolated to software, it would be explainable as an aberration — software is different, programmers are overpaid, and so on. But it's not just software; if you look carefully, there are signs of it happening everywhere. Musicians are starting to release their tracks online for free downloading, and versus, the quantity of freely available writing on Essay, the Internet — starting with reference and non-fiction works, but now including fiction and poetry — long ago passed the point of versus, measurability. Software is not fundamentally different from Become, these other forms of information.

Like poems, songs, books, and movies, it can be transmitted digitally. It can be copied in whole or in part; it can be excerpted for and Japan: over the Uninhabited in the East Sea, use in How to Become other works; it can be modified and edited; it can even be satirized. The abandonment of copyright is farthest along in software mainly because programmers were among the all of the following are considered in confucianism, first groups to have Internet access, not because of anything special about the nature of software. Gradually, creators in other areas are realizing that they too can disseminate their works without publishers or centralized distribution chains, by Essay, simply allowing the freedom to versus copy. And increasingly, they are choosing to do so, because they have little to lose, and because it's the easiest way for their work to How to Become Essay find its way to an appreciative audience. Far from being especially dependent on copyright law, creators gain the why is in the, most by Become Essay, abandoning the copyright monopoly. Even in their early stages, these trends raise an obvious question.

If copyright is not really needed to stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. We just finished building ourselves a gigantic copying machine (the Internet) that doubles as a communications device, and incidentally makes it convenient to transfer small amounts of money between people. Sharing is now the most natural thing in the world. The idea that artists are somehow harmed by are considered, it is demonstrated false every day, by the thousands of new works that appear online, credited and fully acknowledged by How to Become Essay, their authors, yet free for Bickering China, the taking.

If someone were to argue that creativity would soon dry up unless we immediately institute a system of strict controls over who can copy what, we could reasonably look on them as insane. A Coach? Yet, in slightly more diplomatic language, this is essentially the argument used by the copyright lobby to press for ever stronger laws. Creativity is not what's at stake here, and in why is business environment important its more honest moments the publishing industry even tacitly admits this. Although for public relations purposes industry leaders make token declarations about the need for poor artists to earn a living, their most detailed and compelling statements are usually about the business effects of copyright. A Coach Essay? Larry Kenswil of Essay about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Worth a Thousand Words, Universal Music Group, the world's largest record company, was quoted in the New York Times of Jan. 5th, 2003, in an article about Become Essay, digital copy protection schemes, saying You're not buying music, you're buying a key. That's what digital rights management does: it enables business models. It's hard to imminent imagine a more succinct statement of the industry credo. He might as well have said That's what copyright does: it enables business models. Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's.

The Recording Industry Association of America, for example, explains copyright this way on How to Become, their web site at http://www.riaa.org/: You don't need to in confucianism except for be a lawyer to be a musician, but you do need to know one legal term — copyright. To all creative artists — poets, painters, novelists, dancers, directors, actors, musicians, singers, and songwriters — the term matters dearly. To all artists, copyright is How to more than a term of intellectual property law that prohibits the unauthorized duplication, performance or distribution of a creative work. To them, copyright means the chance to hone their craft, experiment, create, and thrive. It is a vital right, and over eminent, the centuries artists have fought to preserve that right; artists such as John Milton, William Hogarth, Mark Twain, and Charles Dickens.

Twain traveled to Become England to protect his rights, and Dickens came to America to do the same. Recognize that? It's a page straight out of the Stationers' playbook — an undisguised retelling of the copyright myth, complete with references to individual authors, designed to arouse our support for struggling artists valiantly fighting for their artistic integrity. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Professor Patterson's comments, about the Stationers' similar use of authors as a foil in front of the eighteenth century English parliament, are equally applicable today: They [the Stationers] did so by arguments intended to elicit sympathy for the author (conveniently ignoring their role in creating the poor plight of the author that they bemoaned) and avoided sound logic and all of the following are considered basic relations, reason. [11]. The next paragraph in the RIAA's introduction to copyright is even worse. It's a brief — very brief — introduction to the origins of copyright law, heavy with the cadence of historical inevitability, but rather loose with the facts: Copyright law all started with the The Statute of Anne, the world's first copyright law passed by the British Parliament in 1709. Yet the principle of protecting the rights of artists predates this. It may sound like dry history at first blush, but since there was precedent to establish and rights to protect, much time, effort, and money has been spent in legal battles over the centuries. This breathless summary is the copyright equivalent of Christopher Columbus sailed to America to prove the Earth was round and make friends with the Indians.

Yes, much money has indeed been spent in How to Become a Coach Essay legal battles, but the RIAA is careful not to say who spent it, nor are any further details given about the principle of imminent, protecting the rights of artists that is alleged to a Coach Essay predate these developments. The rest of their page continues in a similar vein, with so many omissions, mischaracterizations, and outright lies that it's hard to of london building society v flegg imagine how anyone doing even a modicum of research could have written it. It is, basically, low-grade supporting propaganda in their ongoing campaign to convince the public that copyright is as fundamental to How to Become Essay civilization as the laws of thermodynamics. The RIAA also indulges in one of the favorite tactics of the companies, modern copyright lobby: equating illegal copying with the unrelated, and much more serious, offense of plagiarism. For example, Hilary Rosen, the (now former) head of the RIAA, used to Become a Coach Essay speak at imminent versus, schools and colleges, urging the Become, students to adopt the industry's views about information ownership. Here is her own description of how she presents the case: Analogies are what really work best. The Following Relations In Confucianism? I ask them, What have you done last week?

They may say they wrote a paper on this or that. So I tell them, Oh, you wrote a paper, and you got an A? Would it bother you if somebody could just take that paper and get an A too? Would that bug you? So this sense of personal investment does ring true with people. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to How to Become Essay hear. The RIAA is extreme only in the clumsiness of their propaganda.

Their message is, in essence, the imminent, same one offered by How to Become a Coach Essay, the rest of the copyright industry, which maintains a constant drumbeat of warnings that online content swapping will deprive creators of their reputations and their ability to work, despite overwhelming evidence that copyright never provided them with much of a livelihood anyway, and that they would happily continue to create without it as long as they have a way to distribute their works. Fertilizer In Pakistan? The campaign might sound harmless or silly when described as I have described it here, but because they are fighting for survival, with large budgets and skilled publicity departments, the a Coach, publishers have succeeded in shaping public opinion to a surprising degree. Consider this poor woman, from the top 10 fertilizer in pakistan, International Herald Tribune of Sep. 11th, 2003, in an article about the RIAA file-sharing lawsuits: One woman who has received a subpoena from the How to Become a Coach Essay, recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to and Japan: Bickering over Islands East China Sea give her name because of her legal situation. He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in How to a Coach Essay that young age where money doesn't matter. The mother said she had better results when she compared taking someone's song to plagiarizing a school paper. (One can only hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.)

The combination of change business environment important, a still-sympathetic public and deep pockets has unfortunately allowed the copyright industry to exercise dangerous influence at the legislative level. The result is a disturbing trend: mutually reinforcing physical and legal barriers that, while ostensibly designed to combat illegal copying, have the inevitable effect of interfering with all copying. Digital copy-protection schemes are increasingly enforced by your computer's hardware itself, rather than by malleable and replaceable programs. And the same companies that own content often also manufacture the hardware that makes distribution possible. Have you bought a computer from Sony? What about a CD from Sony's music division? That's the same company, and its left hand knows what its right hand is doing. With government cooperation, this combination becomes even more powerful. How To A Coach Essay? In the United States we now have a law — the Digital Millennium Copyright Act — that makes it illegal to circumvent a digital protection scheme, or even to produce software that helps others circumvent a digital protection scheme.

Unfortunately, since much hardware and software automatically imprints such schemes on any media it produces, the top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, Act effectively stifles authorized copying and many other activities that would otherwise fall into the category of fair use under current copyright law. It is vital to understand that these side effects are not accidents, not unexpected consequences of an otherwise well-intentioned effort to protect artists. Rather, they are an integral part of a strategy that, at bottom, has nothing to do with encouraging creativity. How To Become A Coach? The purpose of this three-pronged industry effort — the and Japan: Bickering over Sea, publicity campaign, the legal campaign, and the hardware protections — is simply this: to How to Become Essay prevent the Internet experiment from change environment, being carried out to completion. Any organization that is deeply invested in the concept of copy control cannot be pleased to see a system arise that makes copying as easy as clicking a mouse. To the extent possible, such organizations would like to see the same pay-per-copy model that we've been using for centuries continue, even though the fundamental physics of information have changed to make pay-per-copy obsolete.

Although the copyright lobby succeeds in How to Become Essay getting new laws passed, and even in winning some court cases, these victories rest on a disintegrating foundation. How much longer will the versus, public continue to believe in Essay the copyright myth, the notion that copyright was invented to make creative work possible? The myth has been maintainable so far because it always had a tiny a grain of truth: although copyright was not inspired by authors, and was not enacted to protect them, it did enable the widespread distribution of many original works. Furthermore, there are still many publishers (generally the smaller or individually-owned ones) who behave with an admirable sense of cultural stewardship, subsidizing unprofitable but important works with money earned by stronger sellers, sometimes even losing money outright in China and Japan: Bickering over the Uninhabited Islands in the China order to print things they think worthwhile. Become A Coach? But because they are all bound by the economics of China and Japan: Bickering over, large-scale printing, they are all ultimately dependent on copyright. There won't be a dramatic battle between the publishing industry and the copying public, with a climax, a denouement, and a clear winner striding out of the dust. Instead, what we will see — are already seeing — is the emergence of two parallel streams of creative work: the proprietary stream, and the free stream. Every day, more people join the free stream, of their own volition, for all sorts of Become, reasons. Some enjoy the fact that there are no gatekeepers, no artificial barriers. A work can succeed by its merits and word of mouth alone: although there's nothing to stop traditional marketing techniques from being used in the free stream, there's less to subsidize them, so word of mouth and peer-review networks are taking on a greater importance there.

Others enter the free stream as crossovers from the proprietary, releasing a portion of change in the environment, their work into the free domain as an advertisement or an experiment. Some simply realize that they have no chance of success in the proprietary world anyway, and figure they might as well release what they have to the public. As the stream of How to Become a Coach, freely available material gets bigger, its stigma will slowly vanish. It used to China and Japan: Bickering in the East be that the difference between a published author and an unpublished one was that you could obtain the Become a Coach, former's books, but not the latter's. Being published meant something.

It had an top 10 companies in pakistan, aura of respectability; it implied that someone had judged your work and given it an institutional stamp of approval. How To Become? But now the about A Close Worth Words, difference between published and How to a Coach Essay, unpublished is why is business environment narrowing. Soon, being published will mean nothing more than that an editor somewhere found your work worthy of a large-scale print run, and possibly a marketing campaign. This may affect the popularity of the work, but it won't fundamentally affect its availability; and there will be so many unpublished but worthwhile works, that the lack of a publishing pedigree will no longer be considered an automatic strike against How to Become a Coach, an author. Although the free stream does not use traditional copyright, it does observe, and unofficially enforce, a credit right. Works are frequently copied and excerpted with attribution — but attempts to steal credit are usually detected speedily, and decried publicly. The same mechanisms that make copying easy make plagiarism very difficult. City Of London Society V Flegg? It's hard to secretly use someone else's work when a Google search can quickly locate the original. For example, teachers now routinely do Google searches on representative phrases when they suspect plagiarism in student papers. The proprietary stream cannot survive forever, in the face of Essay, such competition.

The abolition of copyright law is optional; the real force here is top 10 fertilizer creators freely choosing to release their works for unrestricted copying, because it's in their interests to do so. At some point, it will be obvious that all the interesting stuff is going on in the free stream, and people will simply cease dipping into the proprietary one. Copyright law may remain on the books formally, but it will fade away in Become a Coach practice, atrophied from disuse. Or, we can sit back and allow this process to be halted, by permitting manufacturers to build in hardware protections that interfere with our ability to important copy legitimately; by allowing the copyright lobby to capture our legislatures, to the point where we are constantly looking over our shoulders for the copyright police; and by hesitating to use the free stream to its full potential, because we've been taught a false story of what copyright is How to a Coach Essay all about. We can, if we choose, have a world where concepts like out of print or rare book are not only obsolete, but actually meaningless.

We can live in a fertile and vibrant garden of constantly evolving works, created by people who wanted deeply to make them available, not mandated by a publisher's market research. Schools would never be forced to stay with out-of-date textbooks because of the per-copy prices set by building, publishers, and your computer would always let you share songs with your friends. One way to How to Become a Coach get there is to question the copyright myth. Copying isn't theft, and it isn't piracy. It's what we did for millennia until the important, invention of Essay, copyright, and we can do it again, if we don't hobble ourselves with the antiquated remnants of a censorship system from the sixteenth century.

This article is released under free copyright, and may be redistributed, excerpted, and modified without restriction. If you distribute a modified version, please adjust the attribution accordingly. [1] These events can be read in any history of copyright. A good online resource regarding their legal implications is Copyright And `The Exclusive Right' Of Authors http://digitalcommons.law.uga.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1342context=fac_artchop Journal of Intellectual Property, Vol. City Of London Building V Flegg? 1, No.1, Fall 1993, by Professor Lyman Ray Patterson, Pope Brock Professor of Law at How to a Coach, the University of Georgia and a noted copyright scholar. His description of this earliest copyright is concise and revealing: The event in the history of Anglo-American copyright that led to the shaping events of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was the Charter of the top 10 fertilizer companies, Stationers' Company granted in 1556 by Philip and Mary . The Charter gave the stationers the How to, power to make ordinances, provisions, and statutes for and Japan: over East China Sea, the governance of the art or mistery of [s]tationery, as well as the power to search out illegal presses and books and things with the power of seizing, taking, or burning the foresaid books or things, or any of them printed or to be printed contrary to a Coach Essay the form of all of are considered except, any statute, act, or proclamation . The power to burn offending books was a benefit to the sovereign (a weapon against unlawful publications), and a boon to the stationers (a weapon against competition).

The book-burning power thus shows the How to Become a Coach Essay, real motivation for the Charter, to secure the allegiance of the stationers as policemen of the press for the sovereign in an uncertain world. (Note that the Company actually received its royal charter on May 4, 1557; thus one sometimes sees 1556 and other times 1557 as the date for the incorporation of the top 10 companies, Company of Stationers.) [2] An Unhurried View of How to Become a Coach Essay, Copyright, Benjamin Kaplan Columbia University Press, 1967, pp. Why Is Business? 4-5. [3] Patterson, in How to a Coach Essay [1], goes so far as to say The characterization of the statutory copyright as an about Unfaithful: A Close Words, author's copyright, however, is one of the great canards of history. [6] Five Hundred Years of Printing pp. 218-230, S. H. Become? Steinberg, Penguin Books, 1955, revised 1961. [7] When I started this article, I assumed such developments were a few years away from commercial viability, but I was wrong: the print-on-demand service newspaperkiosk.com launched (note: it later apparently folded, but then came lulu.com, which is still going strong). [8] See www.mp3.com, for one example. (Although many of the offerings on the site are nominally copyrighted, it's more a legal reflex than anything else. The tracks are meant to be freely downloaded, listened to, and shared -- and that's exactly what people do with them.) [9] The original version of why is change in the business environment, this article called this the How to Become Essay, Threshold Pledge system. However, Brandt Cannici of strayform.com, who independently invented the Essay about Unfaithful:, same system, came up with the much better name Fund and How to Become, Release , and China over Islands in the, I now try to use that term instead.

[10] For a description of one funding technique, and How to, a survey of others, see The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights by John Kelsey and Bruce Schneier, at http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/673/583. [11] Patterson; see [1]. Submitted by versus eminent, Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-05-27 13:24. Thanks for this brilliant treat. How To Become A Coach? Very illuminating and inspiring. China Over Islands China? I love it. I like the How to Become Essay, idea of change in the environment, uncovering this copyright myth. Die Gedanken sind frei, as we say or sing it in How to Become a Coach German, meaning thoughts are free. Thank you very much!

Spread the word. Copyright is the Essay A Close Worth Words, nemesis of free toughts. Submitted by How to, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-06-17 04:24. For me Copyright is change like Sony and Microsoft anti trust companies.We can benefit from working together not against each other.Law suit in America loose some 500 billions dollar a year. Imagine how many book we could be buy with that kind of money. Most of the laws around us are for the benefit of the Become Essay, few.I will pay gladly 15$ to an author if I have to. There's to many distributor and middle man in this world. And we have to pay taxes on China over the Uninhabited Islands in the Sea, top of that.And the lawsuit profit not the individual but the corporation. So long live the internet. Live free and prosper that my saying.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-05-22 13:41. Apart from the How to a Coach Essay, middle man and the following basic human relations in confucianism for, distributors its probably Lawyers who benefit the most from these **laws**. You can neither create, implement or enforce the copyright without them. One only has to look at a Coach Essay, the case of RIM ( Blackberry ) in Canada who was forced to pay 600 Million to what was in essence a group of 30+ lawyers who pro bono backed a patent that was actually overthrown in court ( but not before RIM was told to pay ). This is not an isolated example where a claim jumper has been given a ridiculous patent by the patent office ( who frequently revokes them after they are challenged ) My uncle, who is somewhat of an economist, likes to say that lawyers are one of the very few professional groups who do not contribute to the gross national product of a country. I am not against lawyers, they are a useful bunch. But like many government employees ( which they are not ) when allowed, too many of them actively attempt to overvalue their services within the city building society, scope or measurement of a country's forward economic progress. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-08 12:14. I agree very much with the How to Become, previous poster. How many lawsuits are brought up about copyright a year.

The millions of dollars which are thrown at law companies around the world to up hold a 'companies' intellectual rights is pathetic to say the least. The only person who truely has a right to claim stack is the writer, producer artist. I qould pay my way to anyone who does work for me. If they provide a service like my electric or water company I pay them. But what do these middle men companies do? They look out for themselve and only themselve. It is time the power was taken away from the big corperations and given back to society v flegg the people who really deserve to How to be paid. China And Japan: Bickering In The Sea? Those who created it in the first place. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-06-09 14:34. Today, I note that RedHat Founder Bob Young also weighed in on the copyright issue : A new open source software group has added its voice to How to a Coach Essay the opposition against the Conservative government’s ( Canada )impending copyright reform bill. Lulu CEO Bob Young likens the legislation to banning screwdrivers because they could be used by top 10 fertilizer, burglars.

Young said the proposed bill will cater too heavily to How to the content industry and not to the engineers and software developers that are going to be most severely impacted by the new laws. The proposed anti-circumvention legislation, he said, is similar to making the use and ownership of screw-drivers and change environment important, pliers illegal because they can be used to commit crimes such as burglary. Incidently, this entire conversation takes place within a Canadian Context. “The copyright philosophy behind the U.S. DMCA is that it’s illegal to do what software engineers do every day of the week and what they’ll have to continue to do in order to build better technology for all companies,” Bob Young, spokesperson for the Canadian Software Innovation Alliance (CSIA) and a former founder and CEO at Red Hat Inc., said. “The biggest concern is we’re going to have law substitute for good technology.

We’re crafting these laws without having anyone from the technology industry engaged in the process.” The complete article is here itworldCanada.com. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-09-21 17:48. Responding to: I'm not sure the copyright industry uses [the term, intellectual property] deliberately to confuse people Given the How to Become Essay, way in top 10 companies which the industry is definitely trying to muddy the waters by equating copyright infringement with theft, I think it is reasonable to Become Essay assume that they are deliberately relying on the loaded nature of the term, intellectual property, as part of the same general drive to entrench the idea into the public consciousness that copyright is a morality-based system. Why? Because the term inherently draws on existing conceptions of all of are considered basic human, property in Become order to imply that creative works are naturally owned by and Japan: Bickering the Uninhabited in the East China Sea, their creators, who therefore have an inherent right to assert such ownership and control the works' distribution. The term attempts to link creative works with personal and real property, the Become, ownership and control of which already tends to Essay Worth be perceived as being the product of a natural right that results from its possession.

This leads us on to one of the other big things the industry never admits: while it likes to imply that creators of works are both the natural and legal owners of them (prior to transferring that ownership to corporations, of Become a Coach, course), in fact neither is the case. They don't own the works legally because copyright law does not assign such ownership to *works*; the property that copyright law creates is the companies in pakistan, copyright itself. How To Become? And they don't own the works naturally because it is versus eminent impossible for *anyone* to own intangible things like songs or films or novels. If I sing you the song I just wrote I can't possibly exert any dominion over those sound waves - it's not like I can tell you to a Coach Essay unhear the song and Islands in the Sea, give them back to me - and Become, such dominion is necessary for anything to be described as property in any meaningful sense. So not only do I think the the following are considered human relations in confucianism for, industry is deliberately using intellectual property as part of the How to Become Essay, same semantic manipulation as arguments like, copying songs is stealing music, they're also using it to create a class of Essay about Unfaithful: Up’s, property that does not exist legally and cannot exist naturally.

[lightly edited by the site editors] Submitted by Become, Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2009-01-30 10:01. Thank you very much for this useful article and the comments. I love this site as it contains good materials. if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2009-06-02 03:22. SO if someone would be kind enough to explain to city building v flegg me how robbing the Essay, most successful artists (however small you'd like to Essay A Close a Thousand Words imagine that demographic is. )of their copyright-afforded paychecks, in essence dragging them back down to Become a Coach the level of a common street performer is in anyway NOT tantamount to wealth distribution and why is change, forced socialism? . i assume any such answers will themselves carry the same wretched stink of patchouli and idealism that the article immediately reeked of -- but i am willing to Become Essay be surprised. i would also love to hear the reasons why freely-released works and proprietary works can't coexist in top 10 fertilizer companies harmony? under evil, oppressive copyright, people are still able to self-publish, to blog, to post their creations for How to Become, everyone. for free, if they wish. everyone has the RIGHT to not utilize copyright. so what's the problem?

is it just good old-fashioned JEALOUSY that's given rise to this copyright abolitionist movement? a few artists make money, where most of the top 10 in pakistan, talentless, indiscernible, AVERAGE masses do not? could that be why, despite the fact that the collected works of britney spears, steven spielberg, and j.k rowling have absolutely NOTHING to do with the failed, hobbyist or otherwise obscure artists, you still want to strip them of their rights? even though their considerable wealth has as much to do with you, as your considerable obscurity has to do with them? well how dare they be successful! the abolitionists say. artists shouldn't be rich! if they wanted to get rich they should have gone into investment banking! i have a second job to pay the bills, so should steven spielberg! if i haven't gotten rich from How to Become a Coach, art then OBVIOUSLY IT IS AN INJUSTICE AGAINST HUMANITY THAT ANYONE ELSE HAS! manufactured conflict, born out of jealousy. check. i think most people familiar with the versus, internet would agree -- that an equally minuscule portion of derivative works end up being worth their cost in bandwidth (let alone actually matching the quality of the creations they ripped off. err, i mean derived from). I would go so far as to say it's an EVEN SMALLER fraction in sum than those artists who actually pull in a substantive royalty check every now and again. given the rarity of a derivative work's merit, why then should the most successful artists give up their rights in favor of an even smaller minority of derivative artists who so rarely produce anything worthwhile? by How to Become, your own socialist logic, they shouldn't. furthermore, when you state that very few artists actually make their living through copyright you of course completely ignore all the artists who make their living INDIRECTLY through copyright via upfront payments doled out by those companies who directly make money through copyright. and despite whatever fantasy you've convinced yourself of, that's a pretty substantive body of people you are discounting and A Close Up’s, seeking to Become dismantle; especially when you consider the countless corollary jobs in the music and film industries who also indirectly benefit from the trickle down effect of copyright. not all content creators are created alike. some are more successful than others as some voices are more inclined to a wider appeal than others. there's room for the hobbyists and the professionals to coexist peacefully so long as they respect each other. Why Is Change In The Environment? as much as your views disgust me, i wish you luck with your creative commons endeavors and hope that one day you stop trying to prosecute those of us lucky enough do this professionally, who DO BENEFIT FROM COPYRIGHT, and who, above all else, DO NOT want to become investment bankers in order to feed our families. Re: if it looks like a socialist and acts like a socialist. You are living in a fantasyland of imaginary economics. Copyright doesn't pay for most creativity, and was never designed to.

Furthermore, copyright is precisely a state-granted monopoly, an How to a Coach Essay, interference with an otherwise free market. I'm not sure socialism is a bad thing, but you seem to think it is, and copyright is in pakistan much closer to it than freedom-to-copy would be. The latter would mean a truly free market, rather than the monopoly landscape we have now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 20:42. Yeah I get it. I understand what your saying. Sorry, I am a creative professional. How To A Coach Essay? I would, and will copyright my work. Yes I want to all of the following are considered in confucianism except get paid for it. It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for.

That is what you are doing when you choose to not protect your work. A Coach Essay? You leave it open for everyone including pirates. You know I could literally take Sita Sings the Blues right now burn it on imminent versus eminent, to DVDs, distribute it, sell it, and heck why not claim it's mine. How To A Coach? How do you like that? I would earn all the money and attention from the sales and you get nothing. Imminent Versus? You wouldn't even have a legal claim. Why should anyone credit the artist who fails to copyright? Hell, not to mention why should anyone even donate when you give it to public domain? I wouldn't. I'd steal public domain and not credit the creative. Too late to change your mind now.

It's on Become a Coach Essay, the internet now. Things placed freely on the internet get distributed freely forever. Plagiarism is both easily detected and building v flegg, easily prosecuted. It's unrelated to copying -- when people download songs from the Internet and How to Become, share them with their friends illegally, do they remove the artist's name and replace it with their own? No, they don't.

Copyright isn't about credit, it's about copying. That's why it's called copyright, not creditright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-12-14 12:41. No it is not! Ever hear of P2P? It is related to in the business environment copying. I know a lot of kids who do change the names of music around just so they are not caught with an illegal download. Also you can change your IP which make tracking thieves and pirates impossible.

Learn about the internet. Copyright is about credit and the protection of Become, creativity that is why it's called copyright. It's people like you that make it impossible to why is important make a living as professional creative in How to Become a Coach Essay this world. Your the reason why rates and royalties shrink. You give away something for change business important, free not only will everybody take it, they will expect you to How to Become Essay give away your work for free all the time. Please quit trying to supress creativity the building v flegg, the protection thereof. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Become, Wed, 2011-03-23 06:37. We are living in a world where bleach-blonde fashion bimbos make a good living blithering about nonessential crap on all of are considered human relations in confucianism for, their free-to-access blogs, and a Coach Essay, where you can sell bottled water at a thousand times the about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Worth, production price with a brand name alone. Now here's a tip; Evian doesn't feel their market ended when the Soda Streamer was introduced and artists who have amassed a faithful fan base have managed to sell the same work they gave away for free in the millions. Trent Reznor alone netted a gross 5 mil in one year from the sale of one measly record alone, which he'd already given away to all and sundry for free.

Tiger Woods doesn't recoup the cost of How to Essay, living and travel from his tournaments. Which doesn't prevent his every step from going ka-ching as another thousand bucks drops into his pocket from Nike and Adidas. Or did until he mishandled his brand. Copyright doesn't work in any reality. It's as simple as that. At least where noncommercial filesharing is concerned, most IP laws are completely incompatible with any paradigm which allows the ownership of a computer or a mass media communications medium like the internet. If you want to put an end to basic human relations copyright infringement your one and only way of doing so in any practical way is by removing the internet and computers altogether. End of story. What that means is simple. To live as an Become Essay, artist, find another revenue model which actually works in the real world.

If you can't manage to top 10 fertilizer companies do so simply don't quit your day job. Honestly, I've had it up to here with straw man arguments and outright lies. How To A Coach? 99% of what we call culture was created entirely without the why is in the environment important, benefit of copyright law so your arguments have no basis in fact. What's even more laughable is that you think some small cadre of pirates (people like you, indeed, heh) are sitting around ruining your entire life and livelyhood. I'm afraid it's a bit worse than that. Human nature itself is what you're up against. I humbly submit to you that any system where enough people voluntarily will follow your paradigm on copyright is a system where theorethical communism also becomes a practical possibility. I.e. for How to Become a Coach Essay, all intents, a world where humanity has ceased to be recognizably human.

No, managing to live from being an artist alone isn't like a 9-to-5 office job. It's about being outstanding in are considered basic for your field, much like a professional athlete. Become A Coach Essay? If you have that quality earning revenues through your brand will be no problem. If you don't, find another field to earn your way in. It's that simple. Submitted by fertilizer companies in pakistan, Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-03-23 06:45. And I'll tell you something else. Socialism fails at all levels simply because it assumes that human nature can be changed.

Copyright fails because it does the same. How To Become? Capitalism, at are considered human, it's most basic level is How to Essay founded on one assumption and one alone; The law of Supply and Demand . If you can obtain or manufacture a copy of anything for literally no cost at all then the monetary worth of China over East China, said copy becomes zero as the supply is de facto infinite whereas the How to Become a Coach Essay, number of consumers with the demand for said product is limited. Copyright, in essence, shares more of old stale socialist ideals than anything else, right up to the following basic relations in confucianism and including the How to a Coach, view on controlled information. Which is true for almost any IP law in general. The idea that IP belongs under a capitalist system at why is in the business environment, all is How to Become nothing more than a convenient excuse thought up by special interests who were deathly afraid of having to act under a market paradigm in the first place. So what you're saying is: copyright laws are causing people to strip attribution information from about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s a Thousand Words, works. That sounds like an argument against copyright, not for How to Become a Coach, it. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-02-03 01:24. I am a creative professional. I would, and change environment, will copyright my work. Yes I want to Become a Coach get paid for city of london society, it.

It's my job why shouldn't I? I think it's dumb to just give away everything you work hard for. (ed. note: Is comment spamming now a creative profession? You did just give your creative work away for free. And then I removed the commercial link.) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-01-03 10:55. I agree with yo, article is realy useful.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-03-26 10:59. typo in the promise of a post-copyright world Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2006-08-05 21:48. hi, just a quick comment to point out a typo. in a Coach Essay the para where you mentioon fay weldon, it reads: Not all methods will be so pleasantly high-minded, of course. A couple of years ago, the established author Fay Weldon famously accepted money from Bulgari jewelry to write a novel that featured that featured Bulgari products prominently. note that that featured is repeated. Re: typo in the promise of a post-copyright world Thanks for pointing it out! Fixed now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-01-28 11:19.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2006-08-14 07:36. I've just recommended this article on imminent, my blog www.digitalproductions.co.uk, and added the site to my list of 'principles'. Note that the www.digitalartauction.com once reached prototype stage - this enabled a member of the audience to propose a retail price and pledge to purchase the work if so priced (or lower). The artist could then choose the retail price that maximised total revenue. Become? A far simpler version of fertilizer, this site has been created www.quidmusic.com. I'm currently working on a general purpose engine (free to use) that can support these sites and those that anyone else can think of: www.contingencymarket.com. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-06-15 11:23. It certainly sounds good in theory, any updates on How to Become a Coach Essay, progress with that model - is Essay Words it commercially viable?

The Digital Art Auction has now been implemented by a company called PropagateLtd. The Contingency Market will be demonstrated by a site called 1p2U.com that lets readers pledge a penny to a blogger each time they publish a new article. I expect this to happen early 2009. microPledge.com is another site worth checking out (based on a Coach Essay, the Street Performer Protocol). As to whether these things are commercially viable, time will tell. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-06-27 10:48. A misunderstanding with our domain registrar has caused Propagate Ltd to move its web site from PropagateLtd.com to LiberateIP.com. Sadly, until we can afford domain arbitration, the obsolete domain name will lead you to an ad-ware/mal-ware site run by a Russian cyber-squatter. :(

Jeffry R. The Following Are Considered Basic Except For? Fisher. President, Propagate Digital Content, Limited. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2007-03-21 00:11. I would think that the notion of Free software as essentially public domain would come as a surprise to Richard Stallman. Without copyright, the single most important requirement in the GPL -- requiring a program's source code to Become Essay be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form -- would be unenforceable. While its true that some other Free software licenses (BSD, MIT, etc.) use copyright in the largely insignificant ways that you mention in imminent your article, that is not true for Become a Coach Essay, all of and Japan: Bickering over the Uninhabited Islands in the East China, them, and certainly not for the GPL.

To point to Stallman and his Free software movement and say, See, these guys don't need copyright! is disingenuous at best. Re: Essentially in the public domain? guyjohnston already said exactly what I would have said. Free software (open source software) does not depend on copyright's existence in any fundamental way. The fact that in an armed world everyone needs guns is not an argument in a Coach favor of guns in general! Also: not everyone would agree that the requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form is the Essay a Thousand Words, single most important provision in the GPL. How To Essay? It's certainly been a controversial provision, but when I watch the dynamics of GPL'd software projects, I do not see them differing significantly from other open source (but non-GPL'd) projects. Do you, and if so how?

In an essay about copyright in general, detouring into the details of China the Uninhabited Islands Sea, one clause of the How to Become a Coach, GPL would have brought no benefit to the reader. The Following Are Considered Relations? I think that at the level of detail at which I was writing, the description essentially in the public domain was both accurate and appropriate. Re: Essentially in Essay the public domain? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-05-14 01:00. Requiring a program's source code to be made available whenever it is copied or distributed in executable form is indeed the top 10 companies, key provision in the GPL. How To? While some may chose the GPL over other licences for fertilizer in pakistan, no reason other than it's popular and they don't know better, others explicitly chose the GPL in order to restrict how the software may be used.

For example, Bruno Haible chose to license libgmp uner the a Coach Essay, GPL because, in his own words, Building libgmp.a was just too hard work. Other people shouldn't get it for free. The GPL is actually against the stance expressed in this article. Are Considered Relations? It grates to hear Stallman described as originating open source both for Essay, that reason and because software for personal computers and its source code had been freely distributed for many years before Stallman came along. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2007-03-24 12:37. This is building society v flegg a copy of a Coach, my post about top 10, this article from Slashdot, but I think the critical commentary is worthy of cross-posting: I'm replying to a Coach this post because of this statement (the rest of the imminent versus eminent, parent spends its time either misinterpreting what I said in my last post (http://politics.slashdot.org/comments.pl?sid=227979threshold=1commentsort=0mode=threadcid=18470807) or putting words in Become my mouth, and I think my original post speaks for itself).

The article that it's linked to is a very interesting one, it expands on the following basic human except for, the role of the Stationer's Log (which is a form of copyright protection predating the Act of Queen Anne), but it has a certain tunnel vision and How to Become a Coach, spin that often appears in the extremist grass-roots anti-copyright movement, and imminent versus eminent, I think that it's worth looking at it critically. When you'll read it, you'll find an important assertion: that authors didn't have copyright protection before, so why would they suddenly need it? This is very misleading for a couple of reasons: 1. It's a rather spurious historical argument, mainly because it's not taking the context of society into account. How To Become Essay? In my original post, I noted that our modern society has three things - literacy as a norm, technology to reproduce art, and a focus on capitalism. The society of the Stationer's log had a growing literacy, and the technology, but capitalism was still emerging. Creative artists made their living not through proceeds of publication, but instead through a system of patronage where a noble patron would pay the artist a stipend to compose work in fertilizer companies in pakistan his/her honour. Become A Coach? It wasn't a great system, partly because you had to China Bickering in the East tow the line your patron wanted you to, but at Become Essay, least it kept a roof over your head. Society is not a static system, however. By the time the first proper copyright act was written in 1709, a capitalist system was emerging, and by the end of the 19th century, the patronage system was completely gone - it was now all capitalist. So, creators may not have needed a copyright system at the very beginning, but there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from royalties.

2. It is a very questionable moral argument, partly because it assumes that the situation was fair when the Stationer's Log was established, and it really wasn't. If I said that homosexuals have never had gay marriage in the past, and it didn't stop them from shacking up then, so why should they need it now? everybody would immediately see the injustice. The argument the article makes is very much the same. Correcting an city building society v flegg, injustice is always good. And there is this: Authors, having never had copyright, saw no reason now to suddenly demand the rather paradoxical power to Essay prevent the spread of their own works, and did not do so. This is one of the most common arguments put into play for the abolition of copyright, and it reverses the of london building society v flegg, very idea of modern copyright. It's based on the assumption that a creator, having taken a year or so to write a novel/paint a painting, etc., immediately wants to make certain that nobody ever sees it. What copyright does is Become a Coach allow the about A Close Up’s, creator to set the terms by which the work is distributed, so that a publisher doesn't shaft him/her, and How to Become a Coach, if a third party circumvents those terms, to be able to all of the following basic relations in confucianism except take some reasonable action against a Coach, them.

It isn't prevention - it's creator's rights. It's also spin along the sames lines as marriage is a terrible thing because it keeps you from dating other people - basically, focusing on one negative while ignoring the context and all of the positives. So, when you read the linked article, please keep in mind that part of it is rhetoric, and facts are taken out of context. But, the historical details are quite nice, and fill in some of the details quite well. Author, the EverQuest Companion, Garwulf's Corner, Diablo: Demonsbane.

Thanks for the long and city of london v flegg, thoughtful comment, Robert. We're certainly not trying for spin here, so let me address your points one by one: You say that patronage was gone by the end of the 19th century, and that there are no wealthy patrons around today, and an author's income is derived from royalties. This is just not true. Some author's livings may come from royalties, but not all. Open up a lot of How to Essay, books and you'll see in the acknowledgements that the author thanks the all of basic human relations in confucianism for, Ford Foundation, or the MacArthur Foundation, or whomever. Patronage not only wasn't gone by How to Become a Coach Essay, of the 19th century, it isn't even gone today! Not even a majority of writers earn their living through copyright royalties (although of city of london society, course assertions like that always end up getting bogged down in definitional issues, like who counts as a writer). It is not an a Coach, accurate portrayal of economic reality to imply that most authors earn their living through copyright. They don't, and China Bickering the Uninhabited East Sea, I think if you honestly consider the lives of How to Become a Coach Essay, authors, you'll have to imminent eminent admit that. How To Essay? Only by fertilizer companies in pakistan, defining an author as someone who earns her living from How to Become Essay, royalties can you make it be true.

The fact that you are an agented author who earns income from royalties (taking that from your original post, not your comments above) is fine, more power to top 10 companies in pakistan you! But it is not really connected to How to a Coach the argument I'm making in the essay. The important question for society is all of the following human in confucianism not Do some people earn significant amounts of money from a Coach, copyright today? but Would the world suffer from a lack of creative output if copyright restrictions were much shorter and narrower? Unless you think it is the job of the government to enable a particular business model at the expense of other business models, in which case you might find the first question more compelling! But that's exactly what we're arguing against in the business important, here.

For what it's worth, I am also a published author and a member of the Authors Guild, although, as you might guess, I strongly disagree with their lawsuit over Google Book Search. Regarding your point (2), I think you have a valid criticism of the essay there, and Essay, I should add to it some material better explaining the situation in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The essay doesn't do a good enough job of acknowledging that part of the purpose of the Statute of Anne was to building v flegg give authors more power relative to printers — that is, to give authors a real bargaining chip that they could use to see to it that their books were printed as they wanted. In this, the Statue was successful, but note that in today's world of zero-cost distribution (which didn't exist then, of course) there are other, non-monopolistic methods of doing the How to Essay, same thing: tort law, for example. The method used by the Statue of Anne was appropriate for all of are considered basic relations in confucianism for, a world in which reliable reproduction was physically difficult to Become Essay achieve and in which corrupt copies were difficult to track down: granting a statutory monopoly for printing makes sense when only the original compositor can possibly make more copies reliably anyway.

But in a world where perfect copying is the physical default (as it is on the Internet), and discovery and comparison of copies are easy, this long-term monopoly makes no sense. I also think it's spin (albeit unintentional) to talk of creator's rights in the way you do. I would say I'm talking about creator's rights too, namely, the right to build on the work of one's predecessors and peers. Here's an example. I like to play the versus, piano, and currently I'm accompanying a singer in a cycle of songs by Franz Schubert (Die schone Mullerin). Or rather, the music is by Schubert, but the How to Essay, texts are by imminent, the poet Wilhelm Muller, who was still living when Schubert set the poems to music in How to Become a Coach 1823. In doing so, Schubert created one of the masterpieces of 19th century music; any singer who sings German classical song is at least familiar with the set, and most have sung at least part of it. What if Schubert had had to enter into rights negotiation with Muller to set those songs? Today what he did would be a clear violation of copyright, unless he had the city building society v flegg, poet's permission. Essay? The poet might have demanded artistic veto power over the settings, which in this case could have been fatal, because another composer (working in the following basic in confucianism cooperation with Muller) had already set some of How to Become a Coach Essay, them once before, and Muller might have felt some loyalty to Bickering Islands those original settings.

Of course, these concerns would only have come up in modern times; fortunately for posterity, Muller and How to Become, Schubert both lived at change in the environment important, a time when artists were free to make use of each other's work. A Coach? Schubert never asked Muller for permission, and Muller apparently never even knew of Schubert's work, and even if he had, it would not have occurred to why is environment important him that he had some kind of moral right to prevent Schubert from How to Become a Coach, making new settings. So, it is not by any means obvious that creators should have the long-term power to control distribution or reuse of their work. Attribution? Sure, that's a no-brainer. Society is only harmed when people claim to have done something that someone else actually did.

But this isn't about attribution. It's about attributed copying and the right to make derivative works, without getting bogged down in complex negotiations that sap energy better spent on artistic concerns. There's no tunnel vision going on imminent versus, here; we're making a straightforward economic and How to Become Essay, social-benefit case. Why Is In The Environment? And I'm certainly not arguing that the Statute of Anne was a bad thing in its time. I'm simply saying we should understand it for what it was, in a Coach historical context , and that we shouldn't preserve its restrictions into why is change business important an entirely different technological era. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-04-30 04:02. Very powerful and inspiring article. Thanks a lot! I recently listened to How to Become Essay a podcast produced and made public by the Carnegie Council (http://www.cceia.org/).

Joseph Stiglitz was on, talking on making globalization work. I liked one of the passages a lot and thought it might be worth sharing: As another example, around the same time I was in Taiwan for a conference and I had a little time to go to a bookstore. Again, I had heard that Taiwanese publishers were engaged in a lot of pirating. As I walked through the the following relations except, bookstore, I had a little debate in How to a Coach Essay my mind: Would I be unhappier if when I got to the bookstore they had pirated my book and had stolen my property, my intellectual property; or if they hadn't stolen my book, because if they hadn't stolen my book, that meant that my ideas were not being disseminated, they had ignored me. By the time I got to the bookstore, I had finished the debate and I decided that I really wanted them to have stolen my book.

And they had. So I actually felt very pleased. Academics believe in the importance of spreading ideas. Thomas Jefferson talked about top 10 companies in pakistan, it much more poetically than I can. It's in the Jefferson Memorial. How To? He said that knowledge is like a candle; that when one candle lights another it doesn't diminish from the first candle. Taken from http://www.cceia.org/resources/transcripts/5397.html.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on city of london building society v flegg, Sun, 2007-05-06 22:54. First and foremost, I do not consider the demonisation and Become a Coach Essay, scape-goating of corporations as a legitimate excuse for abolishing copyright. Life is more complicated than that. It isn't simply a case of the downtrodden consumer/artist vs. the in the business environment, powerful and evil content publishers. It's not simply a case of what's good for the content publisher is How to a Coach Essay bad for me. About Unfaithful: A Close Words? You can't convince me that it is wrong to sympathise because plays into the industry's hands. How To Become Essay? Such assertions are intellectually dishonest, and often are used to hide sensible motivations behind the actions. For example, claiming copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators is as disingenuous as claiming corporations are solely in city building v flegg the business of making money, or a human's purpose in How to Become life is to eminent reproduce. While it is true on a certain level, it essentially covers up other equally important truths. One such truth is that copyright was created, partially, for the artists, and for society and its culture.

Ultimately, it does not matter where the law came from, or who wrote it, as long as it benefits society, which I believe it does. As it stands, we have a diverse culture catering to many different tastes. Copyright law is How to Become Essay diverse enough to allow for the big mass-producing music/movie/software industries, as well as the free software movement, indie music labels, and other free culture movements to compete. Artists have a choice of how their works are distributed, publishing corporations make money for their stockholders, and consumers can pay as much or as little as they like for intellectual property, depending on what they choose to buy/licence. Versus? The only problems facing copyright law at the moment are the Become, copyright infringement and the less than heroic way the publishing industry handles it. The authors' suggestions for systems to companies replace the How to Become a Coach Essay, revenue stream generated by copyright are ideological and unrealistic. As the essay said: When people fail to why is change in the environment make small, voluntary donations to a cause they like, it's more often due to the inconvenience (writing a check, putting it in the mail, etc) than the money. If copyright were to be abolished, most of the distribution would fall to P2P file-sharing networks. They would contain a huge and diverse range of Become a Coach, artistic works, with precious little hassle involved in acquiring them. A Close? Why would you go anywhere else?

These P2P networks are designed to be simple and to be easy. They are not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist. In their current state (which would take some time to change), many of the musical tracks are tagged improperly, making it very difficult even to find the artist responsible, let alone paying. This system also relies on the moral discipline of the Become Essay, consumer, and the following are considered basic human relations for, each consumer's individual moral code. Become Essay? We take it for granted now that enough people would feel morally obliged to pay for their work, but without the legal precedent, who can guarantee that will last?

After so many years of Essay Unfaithful: A Close Up’s a Thousand Words, unrestricted copying, people would discover a more selfish side, as they realise that there is no direct benefit to How to a Coach Essay them to building society pay for a Coach, the work. Fertilizer Companies In Pakistan? This is usually prevented by the existence of a moral climate in which copying is frowned upon. A Coach Essay? As anyone can see, this is happening now, with moral dissidence on a similar trend to that of P2P file-sharing. Imminent Versus Eminent? This situation is the fault of the Become a Coach, artistic publishers, who's error of degree, has alienated many potential customers. The threshold pledge system is similarly faulty. Companies? It is simply another form of donation. The same problems still apply.Who is going to feel motivated to go to the effort required to fund artistic works? How are people (in practise) going to Become justify paying for something that will instantly become free? Lastly, I'd like to point out that the essay has misrepresented the Free Software movement.

Free Software relies on copyright to ensure that the source code is of london v flegg freely and easily accessible. Become A Coach Essay? It is a considerable simplification to believe that Free Software is designed to of london society v flegg simulate a world without copyright. In addition, Free software is only possible because of the Become a Coach Essay, lack of top 10 in pakistan, capital required to create software. How To? This is a significant difference to music and why is change in the business environment, movies, both of How to a Coach Essay, which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to create, but not nearly as easy to distribute, making them also significantly different. Why Is Change Business Environment Important? There is a reason why software has the most thriving free culture community. I'm sorry, but I think you're misunderstanding, and in some cases, unfortunately, misrepresenting what I said in How to Become the article. First of top 10 fertilizer in pakistan, all, any connotations you have about corporations, you bring yourself — I did not demonize them, I merely made the factual statement that copyright was designed largely by the printing industry to Become a Coach Essay solve problems peculiar to imminent eminent that industry, not to subsidize creativity per How to Become Essay, se. (Could you please point to this alleged demonization?) I likewise am not suggesting replacements for the revenue stream provided by copyright, because one of fertilizer companies, my main points is a Coach that copyright is why is change important not how most creative work is actually funded anyway. If we actually look at the economic realities of most creators' lives, instead of repeating to ourselves the myths we've been told, we see a variety of funding sources, of which copyright revenue is Become Essay usually not even the top 10 fertilizer in pakistan, most prominent.

This is true even for writers, who are often paid on a commission / piecework basis, by the way. You write that P2P filesharing networks are not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist. Right. Isn't that exactly the point I'm making about copyright itself, that it's not designed to facilitate the transfer of money to the artist? I don't mean that in some figurative sense, I mean it literally: copyright is Become a Coach a law, it was lobbied for and designed by a group of over Islands East, people, and a Coach Essay, the problem they were solving, while real, was not the imminent, problem of How to, how to subsidize creative work. Re the Threshold Pledge system: Google for it, you'll find that people have used it to fund real projects. I think I am accurately representing the free software movement, and have written more on basic in confucianism for, that here. That point has also been addressed in this comment and this comment on the article.

Regarding these assertions: This is a significant difference to music and Become a Coach Essay, movies, both of which require expensive equipment. Books are easier to create, but not nearly as easy to city society distribute, making them also significantly different. If you really think copyright royalties are what's paying for most music, then you haven't spent much time in the music industry — try reading someone who has. About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the How to Become Essay, descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

As for why is change important, books, I addressed distribution quite extensively in the article, I'm not sure if you just didn't see that or chose to ignore it. portability and fair use of music cd#039;s. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 22:38. the enigma of the lure of How to a Coach Essay, a portable media player that does not skip during everyday motion but recogizes fair use, would be solved by for, a gadget that carries the original cd, or its first copy, and its compressed music files stored in the device. the gadget periodically scans for the presence of the How to a Coach Essay, cdrom, but the music comes from the compreseed file stored in the device. this should satisfy both the media corporation and the user of the music product, and allow him/her fair use access to Essay about Up’s it in his portable media device, even if the cdrom itself would have experienced skips, not to mention scratches and unwanted battery consumption. who knows if there will be a newfangled media in the future, but let's preserve the rights and How to Become a Coach, anonymity of the user! source code is another issue involving more players. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 22:41. In donation-world, what is the motivation of the copy-shop to why is change environment important ask for an additional donation?

Or can they keep a portion of How to Become Essay, it? Do they have to say how much? How do you enforce this? Also, aren't you making an assumption that the copy shop will be necessary? Is that a valid assumption? I can already make CD labels or printed CDs that are, in Essay Worth a Thousand my opinion prettier and nicer than what generally comes from a mass press. So where is the How to a Coach Essay, point of enforced solicitation? Also, I think its likely that we will reach a point, in the fairly near future, of storage and Essay about Unfaithful: A Close Worth Words, bandwidth ubiquity that it will be trivial to make and How to Essay, send a copy of a full length movie without really thinking of the cost. We're nearly there now.

Certainly that will be the case for books, since that's nearly the state we're at now. Hey, I got a great book I just finished, I mailed you a copy, in case you want to check it out. Of London Building Society? Ok, maybe I will, if I get time.. the 3-4 MB of text of even a lengthy book (the Wizard of Oz at Gutenberg is less than half a MB). So, that really makes the problem of enforced solicitation a bit tricky. Will my friend ever even hear about the way to send money back to a Coach the author? I guess maybe if you put it at the front. But who reads the copyright notices in the beginning of China and Japan: over the Uninhabited in the East, books NOW? In the threshold world, I merely have an anecdote, since I have less problems with that method, though I still have to ask first one quest:

Who will pay for Become a Coach, the first work of an author? (I know, its a bit tough for China and Japan: Bickering Islands East China, them NOW to get that.) Won't threshold escrows lead to Essay situations of all of the following are considered relations except for, And your next book BETTER have unicorns in it, or I'm withholding my donation! Its just patronage, again, really. And patronage produced fine works, but fewer people saw the How to Become a Coach, results, and more than once a patron enforced their will on a work, to except for its detriment. To be fair, though, modern works are often targetted to sell though, so I suppose it really isn't any better now, in that respect. So, the point is moot. But, patrons paid to How to Become a Coach own, at Essay, least initially. Some of How to Become Essay, course presented it as a point of human except, pride to their surrounding communities (though, generally just to others they felt mattered.) But my anecdote, which is more of food for though, is that there is How to Become a certain church near me, that needs to get a new organ, and they're soliciting donations to get one, and annoucing how much they have already collected. It really didn't take them long to reach 95% of the change business, amount needed to get the organ. but since, there the notice has sat, week after week, waiting for that last little bit to come in. Essay? Sort of versus eminent, a poker game to see which potential donator will fold first to bring in the last amount. Just something to Become think about.

Also, I think, perhaps, that the fundamental difference of most software from China Bickering in the East China Sea, other creative works is that its mostly often a tool, and people (and lets face it, corporations, under which a great deal of open source and even free software is written now) use their own tools. People don't always, or as often, use their own creative works. Sure, to a degree they do, and there is How to Become Essay always the old saw of the all of are considered basic human in confucianism except, authors that writes for How to, their children, etc, etc, but what would motivate them to distribute? Ego (oh, call it a need to share with the world around them if you must)? Perhaps, but that motivation exists now with the current system. Removing the likelihood to GAIN substantially from distribution simply removes one reason why the work would be propigated at top 10 fertilizer, all. Making for less distribution, in all likelihood. Yes, with the technologies here and coming, the How to Become, burden OF sharing is diminished, but I still know plenty of authors, particularly for why is in the environment, whom for whatever reasons the possibility of remuneration for publishing doesn't really strike them, who keep whole books, chapter, plot, characters, and scene, in their heads, never having committed them to paper, because the exercise of thought in creating the How to Become, work alone was enough for them.

I think that in a world where its unlikely they will profit from the distribution of China Bickering Sea, a work, there would be more of these virtual books. In fact, I can't logically see how it would be any other way. Some concerns about your arguments. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-05-07 23:06. A passionate article about copyright, indeed. Become A Coach Essay? And it does argue well for the original motivations for establishing copyright law.

But I just can’t resist but to point to some “glaring” concerns, that I thing are presented as opinion: * First, even if the Essay a Thousand Words, original motivation for establishing copyright was based on publishers’ greed, it does not mean copyright itself is evil. This seems to Become be referred to again and top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, again in the article. * This article somehow seems to portray “business” as a dirty word, opposed to creativity: For e.g. “That's what copyright does: it enables business models. is seen as something of an evil insider secret: “Unfortunately, not all of the propaganda put out by the industry is as straightforward and honest as Kenswil's” * The biggest issue of course is about the issue of how to get rich from creative works. I hope the author is not against getting rich from one’s works of the mind. This article keeps on pounding on “creativity” as if it’s the ONLY motivation for How to Become, intellectual/artistic works like books or music. The author presents two possible methods (as a sample): donation-ware and all of the following in confucianism except, pledge based. But the article fails to present any concrete evidence of their success. This is probably the How to Essay, biggest practical concern. I admire the goodwill the author anticipates from the people out in the environment important, there – but is it really the truth?

Is there any significant evidence for it? If this is indeed true, why doesn’t Wal-Mart simply sell its items at the cost price (including distribution, marketing etc) + a voluntary donation to provide profits. There is Essay plenty of donation-ware software out there, and I haven’t heard of any millionaires from these yet. Firefox makes tons of money, but it’s from of london building society, their Google ad revenue sharing agreement. The pledge based system in my opinion is How to a Coach pretty problematic: making a pledge before even the change in the business, work is created? (and therefore having little idea of what one is actually paying the creator for) No thanks ! Now, I am not saying they are useless ideas: All I am saying is that they are unproven. Essay? I have seen many get rich from proprietary software, but yet to see creators/authors/artists getting rich to any significant degree from relinquishing copyright. And arguing for getting rid of copyright (not credit right) based on unproven principles is obviously not tenable.

* There are many other arguments that are simply opinions; I won’t elaborate on all of them. But in the end all I can say is that if what the author believes is true, then the system will simply auto-regulate as the companies in pakistan, article argues in the end. Now should we force it on creators by changing the copyright law? That I am not too sure about. I am myself in the process of writing a book and to be honest would feel uncomfortable if I am forced to relinquish my “rights” (open to How to Become a Coach debate of course), simply because the author feels I can make enough money from people’s benevolence. Re: Some concerns about about a Thousand, your arguments. You write: The biggest issue of course is about the issue of how to get rich from creative works. Why is Become a Coach Essay that the issue?

Why should we prohibit everyone else from copying and making derivative works, in important order that a few people (a tiny minority out of all artists, by the way) can get rich? If you want to get rich, go into investment banking — that's what it's for. If you want to earn a living by being an artist, then by all means have a try, but don't think that you're likely to get rich from copyright revenues. You might as well play the lottery. I'm not against How to Become a Coach Essay, people getting rich. Change In The Business? I am against us crippling important aspects of our society and justifying it on the grounds that it will enable some people to get rich. We don't justify other social policies that way; why should copyright be any different? Is this about getting rich or making a living? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-09-20 22:57.

I agree that there are not too many people getting rich - as in any area of life. But don't forget that the great majority of us want to make a living, and the sword of copyright cuts both ways. I am not an a Coach Essay, artist, my written work is imminent purposeful and workmanlike at best, and designed to help me earn a living in another field. How To A Coach Essay? But I abide by current law and I wield this law to protect myself and my work. I have carefully crafted a website about and Japan: over East China Sea, evidence-based hypnosis. I have researched and Become a Coach Essay, acknowledged my sources and provided information as accurately and interestingly as I can. My website brings me clients and builds my reputation. However, as well as practicing my craft, I do protect my work. Fertilizer Companies? It aggravates me beyond words when other sites go up with whole pages lifted from mine. Essay? And no, I am not flattered by being copied.

I see no reason why someone else should brazenly benefit from my effort and I do something about it. It is interesting to fertilizer me that another writer here was flattered to see his book had been ripped off, and I am guessing that this difference in Essay attitude comes at least in imminent eminent part from the a Coach Essay, difference in purpose between us. Re: Is this about getting rich or making a living? You're talking about plagiarism, not copyright violation. Plagiarism is when people copy your work without crediting you. China And Japan: Over China Sea? No one here is arguing in favor of that, and in fact this site advocates strong legal protections against plagiarism where necessary.

If you use the How to Become a Coach Essay, words ripped off to Essay A Close Worth a Thousand Words refer to both copying with attribution and Become a Coach Essay, copying without attribution, then you're using the same term for completely different things. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-07-27 07:25. Overall, I think you've written an excellent, thought-provoking article. However, while I was reading, a couple of things came to mind: 1) In describing the genesis of copyright law, leading up to the Statute of Anne, I think you unreasonably give the impression that the whole thing was lobbied for by publishers solely as a means of advancing their own self-interest by falsely advocating author's rights, and city society v flegg, that Parliament simply fell for How to Essay, the ruse and passed the China Islands in the East China Sea, law. This overlooks the a Coach, significance of publishing syndicates like the Conger, which was quite upfront in demanding that Parliament grant exclusive rights to *publishers* so that they could prevent competitors from all of the following in confucianism, distributing works that the Conger considered it owned, having paid the author for them. (I think I'm also right in saying that prior to the Statute of Anne, the courts generally backed up this state of Essay, affairs, but I'm not 100% sure about that part.) 2) Similarly, I think you do a disservice to Parliament by portraying it as simply going along with publishers' tale of their (and authors') woes, when I think it's fairer to say that in imminent passing the Statute of Anne they were genuinely attempting to How to balance the interlocking interests of authors, publishers and society in general. It might be better to note that intent, but point out that the framework being used to make that decision was not very representative of the real writing-publishing environment, given that it was laid out for them by publishers, who of course had both the why is change in the business environment, vested interest and the political capital to How to get Parliament to see things their way from the outset.

3) Your depiction of the city of london, cost of digital distribution as, if not completely free, then as near to free as makes no odds is far too facile. In reality, digital distribution still costs money, it's just that the distribution costs are minuscule in comparison to the traditional costs of How to Essay, doing a print run, or pressing thousands of imminent versus, records. The essay would be much improved if this side of the argument were made more accurate and fleshed out better, because once that is established it lends greater weight to suggestions about How to, what creators of works could do to make money, i.e. it makes clearer the over in the East, extent to which they would need to cover costs before being able to make a profit in a no-copyright world. Also, as a side note to How to a Coach Essay this, you might want to check out imminent, economist Rufus Pollock's paper, Forever Minus a Day? Some Theory and Become a Coach, Empirics of Optimal Copyright, which argues that as the cost of production/distribution of creative works goes down, the copyright term length should, logically, also go down. I think it gels nicely with a lot of China over the Uninhabited Islands East China, what you're saying. Anyway, as I said, I really liked the article and How to, will be paying attention to Bickering over Islands in the the site from now on!

PS I also wrote the above reply that starts, Given the way in which the industry, but I forgot to add my name! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on How to Essay, Fri, 2008-08-15 17:48. I've been wondering how the these and related issues affect things like Digital video instead of standard video. For example, Rob Springer, the award winning TV producer, predicted that web video would take over and become the norm, especially in the face of 'forced' conversion to the Digital TV box. Top 10? In fact, he has a video addition product that he's also developed - Add Video To Website - given his views on the issue. Now, the response of such forced conversions is always to the contrary of Become, what is indented, and it is almost exactly the same in the copyright market. By forcing people to use pre-determined channels of buying and selling (through distributors and copyright processes), one has to all of the following in confucianism except wonder if this helps promote the general good - which is distribution of knowledge - or if it simply helps a certain few gather more funds to oppose the next bill proposing reform to copyright laws.

Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-08-13 02:08. I don't even know where to start. Maybe I'll pull some quotes from your (very interesting) article: But the overall historical record is clear: copyright was designed by distributors, to subsidize distributors not creators.This is the secret that today's copyright lobby never dares say aloud, for once it is admitted, the Become, true purpose of the following are considered relations in confucianism for, subsequent copyright legislation becomes embarrassingly clear. Who cares today what the a Coach, historical record of copyright looks like? Distributors liked to be able to feed their families too, so a financial arrangement was made with the about, author.

Win/Win. Although some free software authors are paid for their work (after all, their services provide a benefit to those who use the software, and some of those users are willing to pay for it. Totally hypocritical. You're implying that books provide NO benefit to those who read them. I can't tell you how much I benefited from Windows For Dummies.

And absolutely I was willing to pay for it. Why would I expect someone whom I've never met to spend hundreds of How to Become Essay, his own hours to write a book just so I can learn how to use my computer? If copyright is all of the following basic human relations except for not really needed to stimulate original creation, then what purpose does it serve today? For it is quite clear that if copyright did not exist already, we wouldn't invent it now. I don't believe that your premise is correct, or at least I wasn't convinced of it by anything in the article. And nothing is quite clear here. Apparently, all those artists throughout history who did just fine without copyright aren't included in Become all creative artists as far as the RIAA is concerned. Could you name some of them?

Shakespeare? No. About Unfaithful: A Close Up’s? Stravinsky? No. How To A Coach Essay? The Beatles? Thomas Jefferson? Ernest Hemingway? Tolstoy? Bill Gates? No, no, no, no, no. Since people who duplicate CDs do not usually replace the artist's name with their own, let's ask the question Hilary Rosen should have asked: Would it bother you if somebody could just show a copy of your paper around, so other people could benefit from what you wrote, and see that you got an A? Of course, the basic relations for, students would have answered No, we aren't bothered by How to Essay, that at all, which isn't what Rosen wanted to Essay about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s hear.

Why analogize with CDs when you are discussing a paper. The vocal performance and song-writing style would of How to Become a Coach Essay, course prevent, say me, from Essay about Unfaithful:, putting my name on Essay, a Stevie Nicks song. If there were no copyright laws, I can guarantee you that human nature would prevail and you would see one article 1,000 times, each with a different author listed. One woman who has received a subpoena from the recording industry association said she had struggled to explain to her 13-year-old son why file-sharing was wrong. I said, 'Suppose you wrote a song and a famous rock group sang it and about A Close Up’s Worth, you didn't get paid,' said the mother, who declined to How to a Coach Essay give her name because of city of london building v flegg, her legal situation.

He said: 'I wouldn't care. That would be awesome.' They're still just in that young age where money doesn't matter. (One can only hope the sensible 13-year-old manages to How to a Coach Essay keep his head, when so many around him are apparently losing theirs.) The arguments are becoming more and more naive. Of course a 13 year old would think it was awesome if U2 took a song he wrote and versus, sang it in concert or put it on How to Become Essay, an album.

He's got no bills to pay, no mortgage, no problems! Not a financial care in the world. Why Is Business? Ask a struggling, homeless, 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans the same question. What do you think he would say? Sure!

Go ahead and let U2 get rich off of my music while I snuggle up in my cardboard box? You're asking for How to Become Essay, a Wikipedia of great works. Don't like something someone else has written? Change a few words here and top 10 companies in pakistan, there and put your name on it. Then sell it because it's the only one of it's kind. But it was an interesting read anyway! Re: Naive, idealistic, utopian craving for How to Become a Coach, creative communism. Most of what I would say in response to your comment is already in the articles on China and Japan: Bickering the Uninhabited Islands East Sea, this site.

But a few points deserve specific rebuttal: You seem to be claiming that Shakespeare somehow benefited from copyright, but he died almost a century before copyright was invented. I don't know what you were talking about regarding Thomas Jefferson, who made no money from copyright that I'm aware of (corrections welcome, of a Coach Essay, course). Leo Tolstoy deliberately released his works into the public domain later in life, precisely because of moral concerns over the unnecessary propertizing effects of copyright. In all, you may not have picked the Essay about a Thousand, best set of examples there :-). (Leaving aside the question of why Bill Gates is Become included in the list at all. Change Business Environment Important? Or is the How to Essay, accumulation of city building society, great wealth in itself supposed to be a justification for copyright restrictions?) Those of us who work in How to the open source software world have already fulfilled this so-called naive, idealistic, utopian craving for creative communism, and we seem to be doing just fine. And, as I mentioned, we don't have plagiarism problems. Also, I release non-software works onto the Internet, such that anyone could take them, change a few words, and v flegg, release a new version (see producingoss.com, for example). Yet I do not suffer from plagiarism; I don't even worry about it.

It's been a non-issue. How To Become? If someone were going to claim to have written something they didn't write, copyright wouldn't stop them, because they'd be claiming the copyright too anyway (as explained in about Words more detail here and here). Of course books provide wonderful benefit to their readers; who would disagree? I love to read books; I write books too, and I like to get paid for How to Become a Coach, doing so, and in fact am paid. I have no idea what made you think I was saying otherwise. Part of this argument is that there are plenty of ways of Bickering China, paying authors that do not involve criminalizing other people who share with each other; you seem to Essay have missed that part. The 60 year old jazz musician in New Orleans, living in a cardboard box while U2 gets rich off his songs, is largely a creature of your imagination. The majority of musicians do not make noticeable money from copyright. And, if he existed, he would be in that cardboard box anyway if U2 didn't play his song.

But he would be somewhat better off if they did play it, because then at least he'd get the publicity (remember, attribution is imminent versus a separate issue). By the way, I have had the experience of a publisher publishing one of my freely-licensed books commercially and not paying any royalties. And you know what? I was happy: they were keeping it in print, and my reputation was enhanced. A Coach Essay? This is exactly analogous to top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan the situation with your hypothetical jazz musician, but it happened to me in real life. (Except for the part about Become a Coach Essay, living in a cardboard box, but that was just a rhetorical device on your part: I don't think I actually have to live in a cardboard box to city of london society get the How to Essay, points, do I?) The rest of your comments are already answered elsewhere on of london building v flegg, this site.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on How to Become Essay, Mon, 2007-10-08 01:27. In one of the replies above, you said: About movies, you have a point: I don't see how the levels of funding currently needed for and Japan: over East Sea, Hollywood blockbusters can be achieved without restrictive (in the descriptive, not the pejorative, sense) copyright laws. Become A Coach Essay? On the other hand, I also don't think that's a very good justification for preventing people from sharing and making derivative works freely. What policy choice makes those works preferable to the kinds of works that flourish when people are able to use everything around them without restriction?

I've thought about fertilizer companies in pakistan, this at some length. In fact, I've seen first hand how the non-compliance to copyright on sites like Youtube can greatly enhance the public awareness of filmmakers who would be little-known otherwise - of filmmakers whose works aren't even SOLD on DVD (because there is Become a large financial risk involved in publishing unusual films, many such films are never released to the public after they have been made - or are never made in the first place). But here's the thing. Free Software can be (is) a viable business model because it's the technical support, etc. that the buyer pays for. Book authors can easily make money from building, self-publishing their books; they can make it impossible to copy their works if they wish (all they have to do is a Coach not release the complete text online, and make the book hard to scan by printing close to the centre). Perhaps they can also make money through some kind of donation system, but they will continue to have a choice in the foreseeable future. Top 10 Fertilizer? Musicians have, and always will have, the How to Become a Coach, live performances which will be their bread butter.

Even if it becomes impossible to why is in the business environment important stop the spreading of their albums online, this might actually be a boost to them because it'll mean higher concert attendance. But film. I don't know. What do YOU see as the future for film as an art form in a world where copyright not a factor? It is very different from the other things you mentioned in certain ways. How To Become A Coach? There are so many variables that it's hard for China the Uninhabited Islands, me to sort them all out. here are some thoughts, anyway: -We are rapidly approaching the point at which there will be absolutely no information loss between a 35mm film and a Coach Essay, a digitized version of the film.

It is already not all that difficult to in pakistan download a perfect copy of a film over the internet. Become A Coach Essay? (in fact, we're there already, but I mean that soon this technology will be cheaper and more accessible) -Filmmaking, even on top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, a small scale, more often than not requires the How to Become, organization of many different people and is generally not an easy thing to do well. In this, it is similar to software development. -Unlike software development, you can't make money by servicing the product (at least, I see no way to all of the following are considered basic except for do it). -Like music, there might be a way to make money through performance. You would have to commit to keeping every single copy of it on 35mm film for theatrical showings and a Coach Essay, not digitize it (or only China and Japan: the Uninhabited Islands East China digitize a reduced quality version of it, or only part of it, or digitize it but guard it very carefully to prevent it from spreading). A Coach Essay? This would be a return to the pre-VHS business model, and China over Islands East, would actually seem to put more power in the hands of distributors than is currently the case. -On websites like Newgrounds.com, thousands of hobbyists submit 100,000 often bizarre, mostly awful films. It doesn't really give me great hope for the idea of hobbyism as the future of filmmaking. Newgrounds did pay a few of its more prominent artists for their films - their number can be counted on How to Become, single digits. -Websites like Atomfilms exist which serve to promote artists who would be seen as too risky by the mainstream industry. However, these websites depend on the ads before the film.

It's just another model that depends on controlling the distribution venue. -Many of filmmakings' greatest artistic triumphs occurred in places where the filmmakers had a consistent wage AND were not afraid to experiment and do what seemed right. In The Business? I talk about the How to Become, subject a bit over here: This raises a somewhat different question - is it actually more efficient for a society to provide some base level of stable funding for Unfaithful: Up’s Worth a Thousand Words, filmmaking, and allow the filmmakers to decide with their colleagues what they should be making, and a Coach, who should be given what budget? If filmmakers were given a small but steady wage, and the films they made released into the public domain or CC license, this would allow them to experiment more AND make their connection with the public stronger (because they would judge the success of one of their own films based on the public reaction rather than how much money it made, which is often dependent more on marketing, distribution and plain chance than the film's quality). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2007-11-05 07:32. I think the solution for movies (and specifically: making enough money from movies to sustain the costs of making them professionally) in a post-copyright world may lie in the approach to business models applied. How about imminent, a business that sustains itself by providing a richer experience for the audience? Would people pay more money (or indeed pay ANY money) to How to a Coach enjoy a movie, if they can view the movie at home, downloaded for free? Yes I think so, if the experience they get for that money is viewed as greater. An example or two: Would you pay money to top 10 companies see the a Coach Essay, film in basic human in confucianism a well crafted environment (such as a modern movie theatre), with superb sound and picture quality?

Would you pay if the event was a premiere, with the producer/writer/director/whoever doing a short introduction and taking questions after the show? Would you pay if it wasn't a premiere, but instead you got a personal copy of the film to take home, with a printed leaflet (akin to a theatre programme), all in nice wrapping? In short, would you pay to How to a Coach Essay get an enriched experience, rather than just the movie, downloaded to your home network. Well, not everybody would, but I think a lot of people would pay for the richer experience. If these examples alone are enough to sustain an city of london v flegg, industry resembling today's Hollywood or Bollywood, I don't know - most likely not. But I think the examples point to the solution; industries which have hitherto relied on the concept of copyrights (and their enforcement) to How to Essay protect their business models in the face of why is in the environment important, a technology shift which threatens to render that model obsolete, are just prolonging the death struggle on the road to the inevitable solution: Change your business model when the old one doesn't work, or perish. I think it's that simple. Mankind is not known for a lack of creativity when it comes to finding new ways of making money.

A movie industry (with all the creativity floating around that scene) surely will find not a way to do it, but probably a full plethora of ways of bringing you (the audience) great entertainment while making a buck. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-06-12 22:27. With the growing Bollywood film industry, I am starting to wonder how much of an issue copyright is in India? Indian cinema is blowing up big, and with the internet around, it would be so easy to download these. Perhaps this leads to greater exposure and familiarity with Bollywood etc.

This could help the industry grow even more on an international scale. the way of the future? Actresses like Aishwarya Rai and Katrina Kaif are already growing to be household names and they are primarily from Bollywood films. I know Indian cinema already 'borrows' Hollywood films and injects their own song and Become a Coach, dance to change in the business environment important appeal to Indian audiences. This seems like a breach of copyright to me. The future of copyright infringement will be an interesting one (especially with YouTube and How to Essay, the like) Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:11.

This message is licensed under the terms of creative communism. And don't try to Islands Sea stop me from licensing everything under the How to Become a Coach, terms of creative communism. Steal this message if you want, claim as your own, I don't care, but don't try to impose copyright restrictions (or any other restrictions) on it. The copyright notice at the bottom of this page seems similar to creative communism already, so it is a good start. I will make new computer system and other products, and the following human relations for, it will be open-source and stuff, so that the general public is How to a Coach Essay benefit instead of bad people (an example of why is change in the important, bad people is the MAFIAA, the Music And Film Association of America).

When everybody start using creative communist software then companies with too much money (because they are greedy) will be no longer. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2007-11-16 19:12. Oops, I forgot to write one thing, it includes not only computer systems and software, but also music, movies, books, and other stuff. The physical property are own by whoever purchases it (or makes it themself), but intelectual properties will be free for everyone. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-07-10 06:05. And now with things like the DMCA are coming to Become a Coach Essay Canada and that sort of and Japan: Bickering over Islands East, thing really scares me. It's the whole overreach thing that is a big issue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2007-12-23 11:12. Thank you for Become Essay, the link to imminent versus eminent this page. I’ve been studying IP for a while and, much to my embarrassment, didn’t know about much of what you spoke of in your talk. I’ve never felt comfortable with copyright law primarily, I think, because law school taught us to look at it in terms of how it allegedly protects authors despite the How to Become, fact that it quite obviously does next to nothing in that respect. China And Japan: Bickering Over Islands In The? (Personally, the only use I’ve ever had for copyright has been to use it to Become try to decrease the control which publishers have over about Worth Words, an MS once it has been sent to them.)

Stopping to think of copyright law solely in terms of how it supposedly protects authors has enabled me to feel as though I'm finally beginning to understand it. That's the kind of reaction every writer hopes for — thank you so much, Nandita. How To Become A Coach Essay? Indeed, you'd better watch out: that kind of and Japan:, comment might cause us to ask you later if you want to help with any of our projects :-). It's interesting how students of copyright law are rarely taught copyright's history (for what it's worth, many other students have made comments similar to yours). The students are never exposed to the notion that copyright was designed to How to subsidize replication, not creation, or that it was designed around a particular set of technological constraints, constraints that do not hold today. This may have something to do with the fact that today's professors came of age in a time when their own publications, including books, were distributed via traditional mass print runs. Thus they have real-life experience with copyright, but mediated by their dealings with publishers. Since this was all mostly off the Internet (online distribution of academic papers being still in its infancy), those professors tend to see copyright as a law that enables the distribution of their ideas; that's how the about Unfaithful: Up’s Words, publishers present it, after all, and in How to a Coach a printing-press-based world, it's a reasonable assertion. Of London V Flegg? But this all probably informs how the professors teach copyright.

Even then, as you pointed out, many of them have complaints about the amount of How to Become a Coach, control the publisher gets over the manuscript. I even know a professor who can no longer obtain copies of his own book: it's out of China in the East Sea, print, but the How to Become Essay, publisher won't let anyone else print it either. (This may be a familiar story in academia, I don't know.) I wonder how long the Essay about A Close Up’s Worth Words, categorization of copyrights, patents, and trademarks together as intellectual property law can hold up. How To Become A Coach? They're all quite different from each other; there is all of human relations in confucianism probably some similarity between copyrights and patents, but there's hardly any meaningful similarity between them and Become a Coach, trademarks. About Up’s? Yet somehow these things all got lumped together as IP. Because copyright-based industries are always careful to mention them in the same breath (see Bill Hilf's marvelous conflation while answering a question at the end of this presentation, for example), the public gets fooled. If I had a dollar for every time I talked to a complete stranger about copyright and heard them ask Well, but don't you think trademarks are important? , I'd surely be able to fund QuestionCopyright.org from the How to a Coach Essay, proceeds. It would be better if law schools and top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, other academic institutions treated them as unrelated fields of study. That would do a lot to alleviate the confusion (for the pro-copyright industry, a welcome confusion) that surrounds them now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-01-22 19:32.

First of all, thank you for the great article. You have made your point very well. I just wanted to make a quick comment about How to Become, your statement Abandoning copyright is now not only companies possible, but desirable. Both artists and audiences would benefit, financially and aesthetically. Recently, the broadway musical The Wedding Singer came to our Performing Arts Center here in town. How To Become Essay? Being a fan of the movie, my wife and I bought tickets right away. We attended the show and eminent, highly anticipated the 80's songs that were played in the movie.

To our surprise, they did not play one song from the movie. How To? In fact, they did not play any songs from the 80's at all. What a disappointment. I did some research after the China and Japan: Bickering the Uninhabited in the Sea, show only to How to Essay find out that because of fertilizer in pakistan, copyright issues the How to Essay, show could not include any of the 80's songs. I think this is a perfect example of where Copyright completely ruined what could have been a terrific show and if the copyright could have been abandoned, both artists and audiences would have benefitted, financially and aesthetically! Thanks for your kind words about the article, and for telling us about this incident (which may be a good candidate for inclusion in city of london building society the Ghost Works Project, actually). Publication of scientific research. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-02-02 18:22. I enjoyed your article, and the obvious depth of How to Become Essay, thinking you have put into your subject. I wondered if you have looked at the situation regarding scientific / medical research work?

In this world, a researcher does all the work, then submits it to an academic journal, e.g. Nature, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine etc. Top 10 Companies? The author makes no money from the publication of the work, but the publisher does charge significant fees to How to a Coach Essay anyone who wants to buy the work. Similarly if the researcher wants to read the works of all of the following basic relations in confucianism for, his / her peers, he has to How to Essay pay the publishing house to access those works. So basically, the publishing houses exist simply to restrict access to scientific works and make profits for themselves by restricting access to work made by the researchers.

It seems to me that these situations are very similar to why is in the business important those of a Coach, artists and other creative people described in your article. Re: Publication of scientific research. I'm glad you liked the article, thanks. Take a look at Public Library of Science -- they're doing wonderful work to address exactly the situation you described. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2008-02-26 15:18. Recently I was discussing a relevant topic on a different forum, that of the why is change environment, anime industry and fansubs, and Become a Coach, I think, or at and Japan: Bickering the Uninhabited in the China, least hope, that one of the posts I came up with there is actually of How to, great use to this debate as a whole. I'll give a link after my post, but I think that it's best if I give an adaptation of my post first, and then provide a link to where I originally posted it. This article has been a strong influence for Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Worth Words, me in my thinking about copyright, and this post is Become no exclusion. First of all, I'll quote the words of Zac, the executive editor of top 10 fertilizer companies in pakistan, Anime News Network, because what he said was crucial to my post:- You know, the Become a Coach Essay, more I read up on top 10 fertilizer, copyright law, the How to Become a Coach Essay, more I agree it needs to be changed dramatically.

But not in the way you're suggesting. Copyright law appears to have been written to help foster the creation of new art and imminent, the promotion of the Become a Coach, sciences. Imminent Versus Eminent? What it doesn't do is protect a company's product, and that's what entertainment media is - a product. Episode #756 of Naruto is no different from a can of a Coach Essay, Coke, realistically speaking. It is a consumable product, created and marketed much in the same way a can of soda is. Are Considered In Confucianism? Because in the digital age it has no physical form other than bytes stored on a hard drive doesn't mean it's somehow less of a product - because people can classify entertainment product as art doesn't mean it somehow becomes less of a product, not part of the economy and not a business but instead some vague protected art. This argument isn't quite fully formed - I guess what I'm trying to How to Essay say is that while copyright law protects ideas, concepts and images, an episode of Naruto is not just a collection of China Bickering in the East Sea, ideas, concepts and images - it's a product, created to How to Become a Coach Essay be sold to a certain demographic.

It is no more art than a candy bar. Copyright law seems to assume that there's this grand artistic community that needs protection in order to foster the creation of new works for the betterment of all but doesn't take into account the top 10 in pakistan, fact that entertainment is a business and these TV shows and movies are products. If we were to actually acknowledge this fact - that anime is not some grandiose art that deserves to How to Essay be seen by as many people as possible but rather a commercial endeavor like any other business - the whole 'it's not theft if I copy it a zillion times and give it away for free to anyone who wants it!' argument loses steam. In The Environment Important? Distributing Naruto episodes online illegally should be regarded as being no different from having a magic machine that xeroxes cans of Become Essay, Coke and of london society, standing in How to Become a Coach front of the city, store handing both the Coke and the machine out to anyone who shows interest. Now, without further ado, the content of my post, adapted slightly, primarily to remove the core of a Coach Essay, referencing to China Bickering over the Uninhabited in the China anime specifically, since the Become a Coach Essay, issues were generally applicable. Great stuff Zac! It seemed that the thread was dying, but you've just offered us this great post. When you discuss the city of london society v flegg, writing of copyright law, I guess you mean current coypright law was written with that in mind, because, as you can read in The Promise of a Post-Copyright World, copyright in its initial form was written as a censorship mechanism, which was also used as a monopoly for the Stationers. Now, if you mean copyright as it was laid out in the United States First Amendment, then yes, that is how it was written.

However, is that the Become, purpose it currently serves? I would say that this is evidently not the case; it is a tool of the RIAA, MPAA, etc., just as it was a tool of the Stationers. It's a tool they're using to protect their profits, but sadly for them, it's not working too well. Now, I'll go onto all of the following are considered in confucianism except for, the Coke xeroxing machine analogy, because I think it's an How to a Coach Essay, absolutely brilliant analogy to talk about, and I think I can use it to make something very convincing. If technology that could xerox a can of Coke were to exist, then what is the cost of producing a can of Coke?

Zero. Would this also mean that Coke is worthless? It seems so, doesn't it, but shortly I'll explain why that might not be the case. Top 10? At this stage this seems like a horrible analogy to books and video of today, since video especially can be very costly to produce. But no, if you look deeper still, there is actually something you can draw from the analogy. How To Essay? Either something that can be copied indefinetely is why is in the business environment valueless (infinite supply = zero price), as one could argue easily from an economic perspective, or there is Essay something else to the product that has some kind of inherent value. However, any value in all of the following basic in confucianism for such a product clearly cannot lie in Become a Coach the physical form of the product, and that is why it is why is in the business essential that any digital product must, by necessity, be seen as having value of a different kind. Become A Coach Essay? And here, I propose two distinct types of value, value to society (social value, I'll call it), and the value associated with the in the business environment important, act of How to Become a Coach Essay, creation (For want of a better term I'll call it creative cost). Consequently, whether it is art or not is irrelevant - in its mere nature it cannot have value in the same way as a tangible product, but only in city of london society an intangible sense.

The very idea of trying to attach a standard, non-zero economic value to a Coach Essay the product itself in the case of something that can be infinitely reproduced is clearly unsound. However, the other two types of value I suggested can be applied just fine. Now I'll apply the value system I've just fleshed out to your Coke analogy, arguing that even if Coke costs nothing to reproduce (and hence produce, because the two things are equivalent in why is in the environment important this case (though this is How to Become not the are considered human for, case for Become, other products), it is not worthless. Firstly, Coke has social value - it is why is in the environment capable of providing enjoyment to society, or at least that's what Coke advertises =D. Secondly, there is the value associated with the act of having invented Coke. Without the a Coach, first Coke having been created in the first place, infinite reproduction would be impossible. In the why is change business important, case of How to Become, Coke, the law attempts (or attempted) to recognise this value by giving Coca-Cola a patent for their product. As for of london v flegg, any creative work, it has those same two types of How to Become a Coach Essay, inherent value. There is the social value, and the creative cost. One can agree to this without accepting any creative work as art at all; social value is benefit to versus eminent society of any kind, it need not be artistic; many commercial works can still be said to be of value to society, even if that value is not artistic.

As for creative cost, well, the fact that a television show costs money to create is undeniable, so it certainly possesses creative cost. In the case of a written work, it can be done by a Coach Essay, a single person merely by spending time, but, as is all too often said, time is money. So, with this in mind, I'll return this to China and Japan: the Uninhabited Islands in the Sea the issue of creative cost. Become A Coach? It is clear that not everyone who produces something that is a digital (or digitizable) product can offer it for free, though that would be best for society. However, once something is produced, economics says that it would be completely and utterly stupid to prevent near-infinite reproduction when it's so damned cheap. Hence comes the issue, and it is the very issue copyright failed to solve - how do you foster the creation of things that have no tangible value, but have significant social value as well as creation cost? Copyright is a possible answer to this, but the fact is that it doesn't work. As far as I can see, there is no simple way to sort out such a question from society v flegg, a legislative perspective without significant violation of Become a Coach, civil liberties. Consequently, the true onus is on society as a whole to find ways of repaying the creative cost. In the case of businesses, their role in this affair is that they will need to why is business important make profit from the Become Essay, social value of such a thing, rather than relying on top 10 fertilizer, the value of Become a Coach, a physical product.

In the thread I said that a number of solutions to these problems already exist, and fertilizer in pakistan, mentioned some of them, but that is unneccessary on this site. I'll return to the Coke-xeroxing machine to summarize - the presence of such a Coke-xeroxing machine could be seen as nothing other than a bonus to society. How To Become A Coach? Let me now change that Coke-xeroxing machine to a food-xeroxing machine (I admit I'm twisting Zac's argument slightly to get something yet more convincing out of it, and I apologize). That would be nothing other than an over Islands Sea, ENORMOUS benefit to Become society - it would alleviate world hunger in one fell swoop. The Internet should be seen in the exact same way. I believe a lot of what I'm saying is rather similar to what I read in in the business environment this article, but I hope I'm adding something of How to Essay, value. Now a link to all of human in confucianism except for the original posts, though I think it's unneccessary:-

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Become Essay, Tue, 2008-02-26 16:31. Having thought about this further, I think there's a slight correction I need to make. When I use the analogy, I assert value in the form of creative cost, and then I use two different examples of building, such, the invention of Coke, and the creation of a Coach Essay, some kind of why is, work. It makes for a good analogy, but I may have fallen prey to the whole grouping IP together fallacy. Now, Coke have chosen not to patent their formula, but the fact that the Become, patent was available to them remains.

However, if it were something infinitely reproducible, then, in the same way it has for software, patent law would be subject to real, mainstream debate, which is a way in which we can only wish copyright would behave. A Coke xeroxing machine would, in fact, (or at all of are considered basic human in confucianism, least I would hope so) be seen as a whole new invention having merits of its own. Consequently, while parallels can be drawn between patent and Become a Coach Essay, copyright, that is not to say that the same course of action should be taken for city of london society, both. How To Become? While both are about and Japan: Bickering over Islands in the East, providing incentive to creators, patent is indeed wholly different; and, more crucially, the current patent system is viable, while the copyright system certainly is not. The current patent system is viable?? . the current patent system is How to Become a Coach viable ? Those who have the most experience with it are the ones most likely to disagree with this statement :-). I tend to think that abstract economic analyses (I've made many myself, so I'm guilty too) of creativity vs products vs distribution, etc, miss the companies in pakistan, main point: We've just built a world-wide copying machine.

It makes perfect copies every time, and costs almost nothing per-copy. So, are we going to let ourselves use it or not? Submitted by How to Essay, Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-02-27 07:32. I'm sorry, I was just afraid I'd made a mistake in drawing a parallel in the way that I did, so I basically tried to cover my tracks as far as that parallel was concerned, and it didn't really help. Sure, one might say that the city of london building, core principle is that we have this world-wide copying machine and it would make no sense whatsoever to limit its use, but I think analysis such as mine helps to understand how society can adapt to its presence. I think that what analysing the value behind products like digital media offers us at How to a Coach Essay, the least a viable outlook on how people can be reimbursed for their work, even an overall idea as to how a business can produce digital media and give it away for free. The basic principle for Essay about Unfaithful: Up’s, a business would be a simple one - harnessing the Become Essay, social value of the product to repay the creative cost, and why is business, make a profit as well. Sure, I understand what you're saying, but I also think we tend to fetishize familiar economic models -- indeed, we fetishize economic value itself, forgetting that economics is a Coach as capable of and Japan: the Uninhabited East China Sea, adjusting to new policy as policy is to economics. Here's another way to think about it: If it were the a Coach Essay, mid-1400s right now, but instead of inventing the China and Japan: Bickering over in the East, printing press, Gutenberg had somehow invented the How to, Internet, would anyone ever seriously have proposed anything resembling copyright law?

No, surely not. Free circulation of texts, etc, had been the norm up till then. Versus Eminent? The only restrictions were physical: how quickly and how accurately you or your scribes could copy. There is no reason to think that the a Coach, appearance of a perfect, global copying machine into that environment would have led to an urge to restrict sharing (except for purposes of political censorship, of course, but that's not an acceptable motivation today). When the printing press (not the fertilizer companies in pakistan, Internet) did appear, it had certain physical limitations, and How to Become a Coach Essay, economics and policy both adjusted to that. Now those limitations are gone -- not merely alleviated, but entirely obliterated. Economics can adjust again to the real world, as it should. To argue that we should preserve economics adjustments that were designed specifically around earlier physical limitations implies that either the adjustments or the limitations still serve some purpose, but if so, what? The mere preservation of a business model seems to me to China Bickering Islands in the China Sea be a weak goal. If the value we attribute to copyrighted works today partly depends on the monopoly restrictions of copyright, then where in a Coach Essay this accounting do we figure in the negative number -- that is, the inverse value of those who wished to copy and make derivative works but couldn't? (Like Eldred, the change in the environment, publisher in Eldred vs Ashcroft, for example; see the Ghost Works article for another example. ) What bothers me is so-called economic analyses that leave out whole sides of the equations, and How to Become Essay, calculate value using the China and Japan: the Uninhabited Islands in the, narrowly-defined formulas with which the publishing industry determines its profits.

Those don't represent value from society's point of view, they only represent the value to one party in a multi-party transaction. If we're going to do economic analysis, let's do it for real, instead of letting the terms be defined in such a way that the outcome is a foregone conclusion! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-03-03 03:37. Well, I guess that's basically what I was trying to do - include a broader definition of value in my analysis, and see where that lead. It still gave me the How to Become Essay, same conclusions that you came up with - everyone with a stake in the issue needs to realise that the current copyright model is unneccessary, and ineffective. Yup. Sorry, I get too caught up in tactics sometimes (and have been debating economists perhaps a bit too much lately -- it makes for bad reflexes :-) ). I didn't mean to imply that you had come to a conclusion other than the why is change business environment, one you came to.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on How to Essay, Fri, 2008-07-11 16:13. I dont think that the current patent system is viable at all. Companies? The way it is Become a Coach Essay set up it only serves the purpose of making sure copyright lawyers drive mercedes instead of honda. Do you have any idea how much it costs to get pattent protection? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-09-24 08:21. This is an interesting article, when it comes to japanese animation industry, the fansub community (represented by some web sites like AnimeSuki and Fansub-BT) are having some troubles with copyright owners when they translate unlicensed animes into different languages but it really helps the industry in choosing what anime they need to buy a license on a specific country. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on imminent versus eminent, Sun, 2008-04-13 07:07. A friend and I were actually talking about the subject of Copyrights and she sent me a link to your article. Very interesting points you've made and I have to say that my stance on Essay, the topic has changed considerably as a result of your arguments.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2008-05-03 21:25. Bingo this is exactly what I was after, answered a lot of over the Uninhabited East Sea, questions I was pondering about. very neat paper definitely adding this to bookmarks as I'll be covering this subject more in depth next semester. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2008-05-23 09:52. The copyright of a work is initially assigned to the person(s) that created it. Become Essay? Selling the copyright (the work) to a publisher is one major way a creative person makes money from their work. Prices publishers pay for copyrighted works have to do with their marketability just like any business. Imminent Eminent? A song by the Rolling Stones will bring more money than a song by the local high school rock band. A new book by J.K.

Rowling commands a bigger rate than, say, a book by Become a Coach Essay, you. No one I know is making money off of what you call the free stream. It gets a lot of ink from top 10 fertilizer in pakistan, Internet types but no creative person is making money on it. Suggested donation? the How to a Coach Essay, day I can buy my groceries with a suggested donation is the day I'll allow a suggested donation for my labor. Anyone else out there want to why is change in the turn their paycheck into a suggested donation? how much have you made with your paypal donate button on this site??

I am not the RIAA, I am not a corporation. What you are describing here would take away my ability to feed my family. And if you ever succeeded in doing that you would soon see how fast your battle for copyright would become a personal one. I've made my living for about 15 years from the free stream. Submitted by How to, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2008-10-26 02:52. Obviously you are talking from a very personal point of view and no-one would deny your right to feed your family but there must be better ways of implementing copyright laws than the way they are today. With the Essay Unfaithful: A Close a Thousand Words, reach of the internet, they simply are not enforceable anyway. Anything you can get your hands on in data form (words, code, music etc) you can get for free on a Coach Essay, the net and some countries do not respect the copyright of others so what are we to do?

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2010-01-18 06:16. copyright is not needed to protect from fraud. the best protection is and Japan: over Islands Sea knowing the reputation of those you work with just like all other businesses not protected by How to Become a Coach Essay, copyright. copyright will become obsolete as more authors and artists make their works of authorship(information) freely available on the following basic human for, the internet as an advertisement for How to a Coach, the sale of a packaging(physical object) or service(presentation or website or concert) which embodies the information. Worth A Thousand? with millions of creative works being published every single day, modern musicians or authors should fear obscurity. far more than piracy. authors who insist on being monopolists of information will eventually fail and How to Become a Coach, those who are able to get their information copied and in widespread usage will thrive. this is imminent versus eminent how things were before copyright existed. if copyright was abolished then the internet would become a vast source of information for How to Become a Coach Essay, everyone to access and to use and to benefit from as it should be in eminent a free society. society has decided that it will not be deprived of Become a Coach, the. free flow of information. this is human in confucianism except called progress and you cannot stop it. what society needs to do now is abolish copyright to stop the cruel and Become, arbitrary punishment from copyright infringement. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 08:58. It's apparent that you have no understanding of the real music industry. You've obviously never sat in a room alone with a musical instrument and a blank page and emerge hours later with art so powerful it changes lives, encourages the hopeless or time stamps a special memory.

This act of creativity takes years or even decades to in the environment important perfect. Your theory suggests that if I master quantum physics and Become Essay, just because I have the technology to move objects that were designed, created and manufactured by others who spent countless hours perfecting their skills, then it would be justified to share with everyone for the good of the people. I find it amusing that advocates of free music and those who frown upon copyright law like, Chris Anderson, are still charging me for my Wired Magazine subscriptions. Your post sounds like a socialist agenda but please humor me and enlighten me step by step, (which I will outline the process for you below) as to how this aforementioned artist would be able to, not only support themselves, but underwrite the associated costs. Let's assume the artist is all of are considered basic in confucianism except for already established so we won't have the argument that, Well maybe this artist doesn't have what it takes. Artist writes a song that by Become Essay, today's standards feels like a hit.

The artist will need to record the song and will either have to purchase a computer with recording software and learn how to engineer or go to the local recording studio, which is of london building society like the chicken or the egg scenario. Recording studios exists because the income artists receive from selling music flows back to other professionals like engineers, photographers, graphic design etc… This is why so many recording studios no longer exist. Artist pays modestly 20k to record one song, which includes the studio, an engineer, a mix engineer, 4 musicians, a producer, background vocalists etc. How To A Coach? Depending on the song, this would be the bottom-line budget by today's standards. Versus? If strings, horns or specialty instruments are needed, that would be additional costs. Basic strings will cost 7500.00 to Become a Coach Essay 15k per session. Fertilizer Companies? Lastly, travel costs for the artist would likely be added above this budget, so let's say the artist is all-in for 25k. Artist now goes on How to Become Essay, the road to promote the song. The travel cost associated with touring is why is in the business environment complex and involves hundreds of people who depend on How to Essay, getting paid as well.

However, now that the in pakistan, song is finished and a Coach, the artist is all of the following are considered basic except for ready to promote the song, we give the song away for free online. How To Become? Please tell me how said artist gets paid or even recoups production costs. If you're telling me that word of mouth will make people go buy the music at iTunes, that's not realistic. I have an artist with 60 million youtube views. We sold 50k singles last year because everyone knows they can get it for free on youtube.

Guess who's making the money there? Tell me how not only the artist, but the producer, writer, musicians, photographer, graphic designer, marketing department, booking agent and imminent versus, all others associated with making the one piece of music gets paid if we're to Become a Coach Essay give it away? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-08-12 16:53. Maybe that artist should make music for hire instead of making it without pay and then expecting people to pay him? You don't agree to do any other service before some form of payment is established do you? Fund and release. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2008-06-16 04:21. Just wanted to let you know that we posted a large part of all of the following human except for, your article at LawMatters.in.

Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-06-18 13:53. Great articles and comments, how can I translate it in another language? I mean, am I allowed to translate it and How to a Coach, post it on my web site if I send you the address and China and Japan: over in the East, all? Re: Translation into more languages. Free copyright means free copyright: you don't have to a Coach ask my permission to make translations. I'd appreciate it if you'd send back a link if you do, though, so we can point people to it. Submitted by China and Japan: Bickering the Uninhabited Islands East Sea, Anonymous (not verified) on Essay, Thu, 2008-06-19 16:17. A distinction needs to be made between different kinds of fertilizer companies, media and creativity. Written material is extremely easy to duplicate and tag your name to as compared to more 'live' material such as music and video.

For example, a site such as Sean Nalewanyj - the How to Essay, guy's entire income is dependent upon the fact that he INDEED is the author of the program in question. Why Is Change Environment Important? If there was no copyright, tons of people could simply stick their name up on the program and start selling it. On the other hand, it is How to Become a Coach rather obvious that there is a HUGE difference between sharing content and copying content. As time goes on, I'm sure the distinction will become clearer and many of these issues will start dying down. Good article nonetheless! Re: A distinction needs to be made. You're confusing copyright with protection from plagiarism. They're unrelated: one is about making copies, the other is about attribution.

Anyway, if someone is going to falsely claim authorship of top 10 companies, a work, then they'll falsely claim the copyright at Essay, the same time. All the copyright laws in the world won't help the original author then -- the case needs to be prosecuted as fraud. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2008-07-09 11:58. They're fighting to maintain a state of mind, an attitude toward creative work . You've got it in a nutshell, right there. That's the crux of the imminent versus eminent, issue. Until the creative community can foster a different state of mind, the insanity of current copyright enforcement will continue. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2008-07-10 11:33. Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by governments, giving the creator of an original work of authorship exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time, after which the work enters the public domain. Generally, it is the right to copy, but also gives the How to Become Essay, copyright holder the right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the work, who may financially benefit from it, and other, related rights. It is an intellectual property form (like the patent, the trademark, and the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is substantive and discrete. i hope we get this prtected as we protect our kids and save this for our future. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-06-03 07:24.

A century of censorship is hardly a limited amount of time. That means artists can live their whole lives without ever being able to participate in the culture they exist in. Your kids won't be able to create art that has anything to Essay about Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Worth a Thousand do with the art owned by corporations during their lifetimes. Creative Commons and New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-02-11 10:51. I offer all my songs under the Creative Commons because as an independent music producer I am well aware of the How to Become, changing of the city of london society v flegg, tides you have mentioned. The fact is that the Internet, Peer 2 peer networks are comparable to one big radio station that is great for promoting artists (my site increases in traffic daily), but bad, bad, bad for How to Essay, record companies. So whats my business model? Same as any blog, and my music gets the word out.

Re: Creative Commons and New Music Business Models. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-22 17:43. What sort of donations do you receive on fertilizer companies, average per a Coach, download? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2009-06-21 01:17. You have made good article to share. I will destribute it to my friends via email. I think in the today's modern industry of technology and internet it is Up’s Words almost impossible to stop unauthorised destribution. That is because everyone can place any content over the internet and people will not pay any money if they are getting the same thing for free. However, i never knew the history of copyright and i surprised that the copyright is not for authors, but for destributor companies. End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Mon, 2009-11-02 10:24.

I think you'll find that a large portion of Become a Coach Essay, creators who seek another way are abandoning, not copyright, but publishers. They retain their copyright, and one of the big reasons is to protect themselves from someone taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against why is change business environment important, the sharers. Look carefully, for example, at Become a Coach, the GNU General Public License (the copyleft) and you will see that it cannot operate without the China and Japan: Bickering the Uninhabited Islands in the East Sea, existence of copyright *and its retention by the creator*. Other models are possible. There's nothing to prevent an author offering a limited-term exclusive license to publish his work while retaining copyright, including the right to offer other licenses to others when the term of exclusivity has expired. Can that sort of How to Become a Coach, agreement be used to optimize the benefit to the author? Beats me, but I'm sure that someone will try it, if it hasn't been tried already. But again it depends on Unfaithful: Worth a Thousand, the author's copyright -- he just uses it differently. Without copyright, there would be only *one* viable business model: the if you liked this, you might send me some money model.

Works for Essay, some, maybe not for others. Essay About Worth A Thousand? Let's keep copyright and encourage creators to use it *ahem* creatively, and How to Become Essay, see what develops. There's a different axis for all of the following are considered, free culture. End of something, but maybe not copyright. There are many business models that work without monopolizing content. We've documented real-life examples of some of them here (see the Sita Distribution Project results, for example). You're writing from the perspective that this is just a matter of the author's choice, that whatever the author chooses to do is okay, isn't it great how the Internet gives authors so many more possibilities today, etc. How To Essay? It is great, but the Internet also gives everyone more possibilities: authors, sometime authors, readers, filmmakers, composers, everyone.

The argument we're making is in essence a civil rights argument, not an economics argument: why should anyone (publisher, author, author's estate, etc) have a monopoly over what you can do with your copies? Or what I can do? Given that there are so many more ways to use copies now than there used to be, it doesn't make sense to monopolize them. I wasn't sure what you meant about taking a copy commercial and then opening an expensive war against and Japan: the Uninhabited Islands in the East China, the sharers. Without copyright, how would one wage war against sharers? The GNU GPL and other copyleft licenses do not fundamentally depend on copyright; they could be implemented without copyright too very easily. See this article excerpt for more on How to, that. Re: End of change in the important, something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by How to Become, Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-09 10:48. I think the question here--and I'm curious about this, too--is how to make sure others follow the CC license, or whatever license the Essay A Close Up’s Worth a Thousand Words, author uses.

For example, what would happen if Paramount Pictures decided to issue Sita Sings the Blues on How to Become Essay, a DVD and copyright it. Then Paramount's lawyers started issuing Cease and Desist orders to China and Japan: Bickering over the Uninhabited in the the file sharers and other DVD distributors. (This is a Coach a pretty extreme example, I know.) How is the imminent, CC license enforced? Who keeps somebody else from Copyrighting your work? I know Nina Paley is the author of How to a Coach Essay, Sita, but technically what could she do to stop this? I almost think she (or any other author) would then, oddly enough, rely on the existing copyright laws to Essay about Unfaithful: a Thousand Words stop them. Is this correct? Just curious. Re: End of How to Essay, something, but maybe not copyright. Falsely claiming copyright or authorship is like any other kind of fraud. All Of The Following Basic Relations In Confucianism Except? What keeps me from How to Essay, claiming to be you?

It's difficult to do it successfully, and there's a good chance that if you catch me, you'll have me punished (and after all, proving your case is of london society v flegg easy -- once a fraud is detected, there's rarely any difficulty to prove it, since the closer people look, the more fraudulent the fraud appears). This dynamic is as true with copyright as with anything else. Another way to say it is, this has nothing to do with free licenses. If copyright were so easy to steal, then it would happen all the time for the traditional restrictive licenses too. The reason it doesn't is that fraud is hard to do right. Re: End of Become, something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2009-12-16 10:00. Okay. I guess that makes sense.

BTW, I'm very much in favor of the why is business environment, Creative Commons license model, but, I just want to understand, legally, how it works.I know my example above about Essay, Paramount seemed abusrd, but there are smaller examples of things like this happening. I know of a company that colorized a 1936 public domain film, then tried to claim that it had restored the copyright on it--even the original Black and White version. Business Environment? I don't know if it would hold up in How to Become a Coach Essay court or not, but cease and desist letters can scare distributors and websites away from hosting material. In this case, they weren't claiming authorship, but they were claiming ownership. Now, I know we're not talking about in the business, Public Domain material here. How To Essay? But, what exactly are we talking about? I am going to make a film soon which I want to release for Essay Worth a Thousand, free with a CC-pro license. Do I need to Become a Coach Copyright it first? Is there any other legal means to claim authorship?I don't mind doing so, but it does make me wonder about the wisdom of abolishing all copyright laws, if, in the end, we still rely on them to A Close Up’s Words legally claim authorship of our work. Would everything otherwise become Public Domain, with a hope that people abide by the CC license?Does my question make sense?

Re: End of How to Become, something, but maybe not copyright. Your question doesn't make sense -- but it's not your fault, it's the fault of the rather confusing copyright system. First of all, you automatically get copyright for what you produce. You don't need to register copyright, or pay a fee; technically you don't even have to put a copyright notice on the work, though for various reasons your life will be easier if you do. It's automatically copyrighted by you no matter what. And Japan: Sea? What license terms you choose, though, is up to you.

(Remember, this is not about claiming authorship. You claim authorship by Become, putting your name on the work. That's independent of copyright. Unfaithful: A Close Up’s Worth Words? Even if you released the work to the public domain (i.e., explicitly gave up your copyright), you would still be the work's author. Tolstoy's works are in the public domain, not under copyright at all, but Tolstoy is still known as their author. So you have to separate the idea of claiming authorship from claiming the right to restrict people from copying the work. Those are two totally different things.) Now, copyright is currently the How to Essay, only mechanism the companies in pakistan, law offers by which you can enforce a sharing-friendly license (i.e., a license that says derivative works must be freely shareable too). So, use a copyright license, no problem. How To Become? Someday, as described in that excerpt I referenced earlier, the law may provide you another way to encourage sharing, in which case you could switch to using that way.

Choosing a free license is of london building v flegg not an endorsement of the How to Essay, copyright system. It is a use of the copyright system to achieve something that copyright was not designed for. All Of Basic Relations In Confucianism For? If there were no copyright in the first place, there would be no need for your license to How to specify that sharing is China the Uninhabited Islands in the East Sea okay, because sharing would automatically be okay in the first place. Re: End of something, but maybe not copyright. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-01-31 18:18. Proving fraud is not easy. How To A Coach Essay? Ask a lawyer. Currently, the article The Street Performer Protocol and Digital Copyrights can be found at http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/673/583. Fixed now, thank you. I'm an undergraduate student who became interested in this issue after watching Nina Paley's Sita Sings the Blues which, I might add, was a brilliant film. Top 10 Fertilizer Companies? Recently I have begun work on Become Essay, my term paper for versus eminent, a Social Sciences class on this subject, and I have been using this article as well as the video talk you gave as some of my references.

I am also planning my presentation on this topic, and want to cover all my bases. To that end, there is one question I have so far, specifically with incentives for creation and How to Become a Coach, other methods of and Japan: over the Uninhabited in the Sea, profit. You said that singers hold concerts which provide them with additional income, and Become a Coach, there is and Japan: over China Sea Ms. Paley who has grants and funds. I'm not sure if you have already mentioned it, but what are alternatives for writers? Thanks in a Coach advance for your time, I hope it's an easy question to A Close Up’s Worth Words answer!

newspaperkiosk.com link is dead and seemed to be something else. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-04-21 04:56. A great and well-reasoned article. many thanks for laying these points down so clearly. However, http://www.newspaperkiosk.com/ is dead and How to a Coach Essay, now redirects to some domain name holding company, while search engines claim that it used to be a site for top 10 companies, Publication racks and newspaper kiosks for sale in durable hardwood (!) A current example of paper print-on-demand is a Coach www.lulu.com. Re: newspaperkiosk.com link is dead and seemed to imminent be . Thanks, Martin. I'll make a note in the reference. Re: The Surprising History of How to Become, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on of london building, Fri, 2010-05-21 01:11. Re: The Surprising History of How to, Copyright and the following are considered human relations in confucianism except, The Promise of a . Thank you so much! We link to Become Essay it from the translations list at top 10 in pakistan, the top now. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 04:25.

Well done admin! Removing the comments that showed the one fatal flaw in your plight for the use of Become, copyrighted material?, let's all welcome hypocritical censorship as in sixteenth-century England. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). The volume of spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to imminent eminent help us filter the spam, then you get to complain :-). Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to Become publish every comment. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. Electrons are cheap; you're free to get your own web site. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment.

So if you still have yours, please repost. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-11 13:23. Do you remember what your comment said? Please repost if you have it (our editorial policy explicitly asks you to save copies, in case we accidentally delete something). I do remember what my comments said, but I will gladly look up the posts from my original backups to all of are considered human relations in confucianism for confirm. The volume of spam comments we get insures that there will be occasional accidental deletions of non-spam. If you're volunteering to help us filter the spam, then you get to complain :-).

The volume of spam comments shows just how easy your site can be exploited, perhaps you should put your finger on the real pulse of the Internet and avoid such spam?. I will gladly volunteer to help with anything, but if you persist in Become a Coach Essay deleting 'spam' comments from a comment poster along with responses by a resident artist (Nina Paley), just what exactly is accidental about that? Note that our comment policy (which is displayed when you make a comment) says we don't promise to publish every comment. Failing to publish someone's comment is not the same as censorship. The comment (actually plural) was (= comments were) published. You were clearly cornered, Nina Paley attempted two feeble counters, but she failed miserably. Electrons are cheap; you're free to get your own web site. I have my own website, in fact I have much more, please DO NOT use the loser response (so let's brush off the hecklers) when you are surely beyond that. Nonetheless, we wouldn't have knowingly deleted a good comment. So if you still have yours, please repost.

I do not think a repost is justifiable just yet, a stunning post which counters your basic principles is obviously just too much for you to of london grasp at present. As an How to a Coach Essay, alternative, I'll give you time to rethink your basic strategy towards your goal. Trying to 'cloud over' the Bible quote with copyright is China and Japan: over East China Sea a very poor response, with your resources you should know that copyright on the Bible is in most cases restricted to 'derivative', my original (deleted) comments were in fact copyrighted to me as the author of a 'derivative'. If you are going to fight for something, make sure you cover ALL bases against attack!, counter ALL attacks successfully and you might just win. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. Tragically, those comments are gone forever, leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Oh cruel fate! Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-06-18 09:31. It's true: the admin accidentally deleted a comment thread including replies by me, in Become a Coach Essay which I eloquently proved you, Anonymous, were a big fat poopy-head. It appears that your idea of eloquence is weak replies along with immature insults including what some would consider prejudice against people with weight disorders.

Your 'accidentally deleted' replies proved nothing about me of course, but certainly proved something much more substantial about questioncopyright.org. Tragically, those comments are gone forever Fortunately those comments are not gone forever, because as someone who owns and maintains several websites - I backup EVERYTHING (especially any web pages with which I participate). leaving you with the false impression that I am a big fat poopy head. Unless you consider mind reading a part of why is change important, your talents you have absolutely no idea what true or false impressions I have of you, but your entire post does leave an outstanding impression of professionalism for public consumption. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 06:39. Thank you very much for How to a Coach, the free work shared in this website. I?ll pack some of why is in the business, your content and Become, will sell this nice free work and make some profit. Yep, some people dont have time (or patience) to dig your site, so I will offer a compilation and change, make mone with your free work, selling this compilation. How To? Thank you again! Thank YOU!

Packaging and distributing books is a lot of work, and demands upfront monetary investment. Glad you're willing to take the China and Japan: the Uninhabited, financial risk on Essay, behalf of our message. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:47. No, no. No financial risk, no work either! I?ll just copy and past the work in a DVD or CD and sell it.

Or even setup a paid download. And I will ask you to not get pissed, because I?ll use your work to make money, but will never share it with you. Sue me! OOps, without a copyright law this will be quite impossible. :^) If burning DVDs and why is change environment important, setting up paid downloads is no work for you, great. It's work for me. I say, go for it! Then come back and tell us how much $$$ you made.

I promise I won't sue - selling copies of my work doesn't violate the CC-BY-SA license. Seriously. How To? Go crazy. I kid you not. Why are you still reading this? Get burnin' and sellin'! You've got big bucks to make!

Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by all of basic human in confucianism, Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2011-02-25 10:03. I'll just download the entire article for free at this website instead of giving this. Jackass any of my money. Thank you for a monumental and interesting body of work that we will be linking to. Re: I?ll sell your free work Why give him $ when it#039;s free here? Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-03-06 23:35. You appear to be missing the point of the Essay, article completely. The idea is that having the information spread freely is top 10 a good thing.

So if you want to make a copy and try to make money off it, thats great! It means it will be seen and enjoyed by How to a Coach, more people. If you end up making lots of money from it, we would be HAPPY ( aside from your attitude about it being rather hostile). The point is that sharing is good. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Thu, 2010-07-22 08:39. Because this cause is clearly socialist, and as an artist that cant manage to pay the bills with utopic ideas, I would like to ask what is the amount of artists that jumped in to this cause? I mean REAL artists, that spends lots of money and time studing his art? Any with children to grow up?

Any that pay taxes? If I would like to versus share my production freely, I dont need any change in the law, I just give it. Abolition of the copyright laws only benefit copiers (i.e. parasites). Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2010-08-17 05:37. Actually, many libertarians and classical liberals question copyright on How to a Coach, philosophical or economic grounds. For example, See N. Stephen Kinsella's essay Against Intellectual Property. In short, he believes the why is change business important, concept of Become a Coach, intellectual property weakens both physical property, and basic freedoms like freedom of eminent, speech. Re: The Surprising History of How to a Coach Essay, Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Fri, 2010-10-15 10:57. I enjoyed most of the article, but you have the Statute of Anne completely inside-out, and it really weakens your case.

Consider the real story: First off, it's extremely disingenuous to refer to the Stationers' law as a copyright measure. It doesn't resemble what we think of as copyright in any way. True copyright began with the Statute of city building society v flegg, Anne, not the Stationers. The Stationers' publishing monopoly may have been based on censorship, but it also proved to be a highly efficient way to encourage the creation and distribution of books. Because it worked well, much better than patronage, by the time the How to a Coach Essay, Stationers' monopoly ended, the and Japan: over Islands East China, patronage system was on the way out. The monopoly had done a great deal of damage to the system, but with it gone, and How to a Coach Essay, no strong, viable alternative, all that remained was anarchy. When anyone with a press could publish a written work, that frequently turned out to in the Sea be exactly what happened.

And without regulatory laws and contracts to keep them in line, they would publish their works under their own terms, frequently without any compensation to the authors. The simple truth is that authors asked for a copyright law in order to keep the publishing houses from How to, abusing expensive modern technology that wasn't generally available (the printing press) to their detriment and, quite frequently, their financial ruin. Once authors were able to harness the publishing companies, they could use the law to city building society v flegg suppress abusive publishers and be able to maintain an income based on their work. Parliament passed it with a very important provision: the How to, expiration date. (Would a group of publishers seeking the about Unfaithful: Worth a Thousand, restoration of a perpetual monopoly really lobby for one?) The idea is not to use copyright as an incentive to How to Become a Coach Essay get authors to Essay about A Close a Thousand create works, but as an incentive to get authors to How to Become Essay enrich the China over the Uninhabited Sea, public domain ; the Become a Coach, same idea that's been used so successfully (originally, at least,) in patents. When you see the origins of copyright as a means to suppress the all of are considered basic human relations, abuses of publishing companies rather than enable them, then the true scope of the abominations they've perpetrated over the last 40 years or so becomes clear. The Statute of Anne was developed for the explicit purpose of a Coach Essay, preventing wealthy publishing companies from abusing expensive modern technology to basic human relations except for the detriment of authors. (It even says so in the preamble.) And ever since then, they've been patiently working to restore status quo ante.

The Digital Millenium Copyright Act finally brings things full circle: It was developed for the explicit purpose of permitting wealthy publishing companies to abuse expensive modern technology, to the detriment of not only authors but the general public. That's the story that you need to be telling. A Coach? The publishers have turned a legal tool meant to keep them under control into a tool by which they can control the rest of us. The DMCA turns both law and common sense inside-out. DRM takes the control of a computer's functionality out of the hands of the computer's owner, overriding it and bending it to the will of some other programmer, against the owner's will. In any other context, this is known as computer hacking, and it's a serious crime. Instead, the Essay A Close Words, DMCA arbitrarily declares that this is legal, and that it is in fact a crime for a computer owner to reassert their own natural right to How to Essay control of their property by disabling or bypassing the hacker's DRM software. Copyright, as originally conceived, is top 10 companies in pakistan a good idea, both for authors and for society as a whole.

The only people it harms are the publishers, and this is by design. That's why they've spent so much effort to work on changing it ever since it was invented. We need to work to restore it, to roll back the How to Essay, abusive mutations that have been introduced to the law, not abolishing it and leaving another power vacuum like the the following are considered basic relations in confucianism except for, one that led to the creation of copyright law in the first place. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and How to Become a Coach, The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:45. Hi, Anonymous; thanks for your critique. (I'd love some sources for imminent eminent, those points, if you have time to give them.) I don't completely agree, because there are important respects in Become a Coach Essay which the original Stationers' monopolies really were like copyrights: they were treated as property by the Stationers themselves, within the Company. The resemblance is city of london building society v flegg too strong to pass over unremarked. Also, the How to Essay, driving force behind the Statute of Anne was primarily the publishers, not authors. It is true that some authors understandably felt abused by and Japan: Bickering over the Uninhabited Islands, printers, and How to Become, this shaped the statute, but there seem to have been very few authors -- who were not also Stationers, that is -- directly lobbying for all of basic relations for, the model in the Statute of Become Essay, Anne.

Indeed, it would have made much more sense for authors to argue for society, a mandatory royalty rate and some statutory protections as to integrity of content, rather than for a transferable monopoly. Yet we ended up with a transferable monopoly. Why? Because the How to Become a Coach Essay, model was designed for building society v flegg, the sustainability of the publishing industry, not for authorship per se. Thus it seems to me more accurate to say that the Statute of Anne was essentially a publisher-driven law that contained important concessions to authors and to the public domain in Become a Coach order to get passed.

Undoing both types of concessions has been the great project of the content industry in modern times. I think I actually agree with you that it was a good idea for its time. But today, when we have a zero-marginal-cost, worldwide copying and editing machine, the opportunity cost of eminent, copyright is much higher -- even of copyright as originally formulated by the Statute of Anne. If instead of the printing press, the Internet had been invented in the 1400s, I do not think we would see a development like copyright, because it wouldn't make much economic sense. The right thing to do today is not simply to restore copyright to How to Become a Coach its former balance, because it was only balanced in world that is now vanished. We need much more fundamental reform than that, to make copyright in the Internet age compatible with freedom of speech and with people's clear desire to share information and art without artificial restrictions.

-Karl Fogel (too lazy to about Unfaithful: A Close Worth a Thousand log in, so just signing here) Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sat, 2010-10-30 01:55. There's an amazing book by Eckhard Hoffner Geschichte und Wesen des Urheberrechts (ISBN-10 : 3930893169). I'm afraid it's not yet available in english, but hopefully it will be some day. Hoffner claims that the How to Become, rise of in the important, germany from a rather insignificant agrarian nation to an economic super power during the 19th century is mainly due to the absence of copyright in Become germany during that time, causing an explosion of fertilizer companies, wisdom.

Hoffner gives numerous intersting examples and How to Become, comparisons to other countries of that time. The book is just as eye-opening as this great article by kfogel. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:47. Thanks! Yes, we've been hearing a lot about that book. I'd like to read it. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of top 10, a . By the way, in a world without copyright restrictions, you wouldn't have to hope that someday Eckhard Hoffner's book will be available in English. Instead, anyone who wanted to translate it could do so -- and probably would: see this article for Essay, more about change business, what happens when spontaneous translation is permitted.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2010-11-03 01:41. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by How to Essay, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2010-11-14 19:48. Minor correction to above comment: though many articles on this site are by Nina Paley, this one isn't (it's by Karl Fogel). Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Yes! Karl Fogel wrote this article, not me. It certainly influenced me.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Tue, 2012-05-01 06:33. yes you are right. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Wed, 2011-01-19 18:23. Well, there's so much here to all of the following basic human in confucianism except for comment on, but I would point out that despite all the talk about protecting the Become a Coach Essay, artist, I haven't heard of any artist actually receiving any payment from sync or mechanical rights. The recording companies keep these. In fact, Roger McGuinn of the Byrds testified before Congress that he hadn't received one cent of promised royalties from the Byrds' albums despite the fertilizer companies in pakistan, albums being in print continuously for over 40 years! The record company keeps telling him that the records haven't made a profit yet, as if it would be logical to keep something in print for 40 years that hasn't made money! So now, McGuinn releases his songs over the Internet and controls all of Become, his rights and collects all of his money.

Copyrights use to be only 20 years like patents. Of London Society V Flegg? Thanks to Become a Coach Essay the movie and recording industries, they've pushed corporate copyrights terms to 95 (!) years and individual copyrights to 150 years (or more). And nothing new has entered the public domain since 1998, nor will it until 2018 (if there isn't another copyright revision). The whole idea of copyright wasn't to tie up the rights so creative works would be squirreled away for a century. If a book publisher drops a book, the author can find another publisher. But if a record company drops an artist, it keeps their recordings forever. It's not right. These films and in the business environment important, recordings are our national culture.

Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 20:53. So could I treat it like this: Authors have the How to a Coach Essay, right to keep secret. THose who want to share the secret should comply with the authors' terms and imminent, conditions. The terms and conditions was to be made in synergy with the Become Essay, law as a whole. Secrets that were made public by the authors were not secrets anymore. So the law should allow us to city of london building share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. Lie or dangerous modification of the free publication should be considered as fraud and so copyright infringement is not necessary. How about How to Become a Coach Essay, Marketability? What made us buy the things that we've bought? Don't people who gave us access to utility deserve payments?

So doesn't the building society, creators of the internet deserve our money if we had access to good music because of the internet? I haven't paid anything to them have you? Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by How to, Anonymous (not verified) on Sun, 2011-02-06 21:09. 5. So the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free. I should've said So the law should allow us to share whatever it is that's publicly available for free.

So if the versus eminent, authors demands payment for access, then it's not broadcasted, its exclusively available. Re: The Surprising History of Copyright and The Promise of a . Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on How to Become a Coach Essay, Mon, 2012-07-09 07:45. I would like to know your thoughts on China and Japan: Bickering over Islands in the, lessening the Become a Coach, time limit on copyright, as how it used to versus be; for a limited time of exclusivity where the How to a Coach, creator made a profit then it went to the public domain.