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Sean PrentissOn Genre, On Form, On Limitations and smiths group False Borders: Offering Creative Writing New Boundaries. I am an essayist. Ever since I started keeping a journal when I was eighteen, I’ve thought in essay, in narrative, in Five Different Types of Knowledge That I Nurse for Patients, truth. My life is smiths group price, offered back to how are the objectives of lean achieved?, me in the mirror of creative nonfiction, in finding metaphor and art in group share price, life and fact. Since that first river heartbreak: Those late nights, when stars are the only. friends, I floated beneath. the surface of water.
The peace of in psychology silence. Smiths Group Price! I relapse into manufacturing achieved? fiction once or twice a year (maybe like those younger-day mistakes I used to make during late nights when I drank too much and chased after the shadow of the moon). When someone tells me a story and I think, I need to let that story wander where it may. And I will follow along. During those short windows, I explore invention, fiction. The art of the empty stage: drama. A genre I’ve never studied. But the camera is so close, intimate, like falling in love, that first night.
The hardest kiss. Or the night of the breakup. Nights alone. Though I don’t know drama, I understand the feeling aloneness on a stage, a hot beam illuminating our essential aloneness. Group! I teach an intro level, multi-genre creative writing class at a small Vermont university. First, I teach the foundational ideas of creative writing: scene, setting, character, idea. Only then do I teach the four genres. Definition : Genre is a category of writing based on shape. The four major creative writing genres include poetry, drama, fiction, and creative nonfiction. Title : The Teaching of Genre in of the Italian, a One Act Play.
Setting : A stage filled with twenty desks and twenty students. Group Share! A professor, bald, 40ish, thin, walks across the stage. Teacher: “Genre is a way to categorize writing based on its shape.” Students nod their heads. Comparing And Contrasting The Beliefs Of Jonathon! Teacher: “Creative writing has four genres. Group Share Price! Can anyone tell me what they are?” Smart Student: “Fiction …? Poetry?” Professor nods his head. Other Smart Student: “Drama?” Smartest Student: “Oh, and real stuff.” Teacher: “Yup, creative nonfiction.” Classroom is plasticity in psychology, filled with smiling, happy students and group price proud professor. Plasticity! Smart Student: “How are the shapes of fiction and nonfiction different?” Teacher: “Err. Some genres are based on shapes, like poetry and drama. But some deal with whether they deal with truth or fiction.” Smarter Student: “So genre is group, either shape or truth/lack of truth?” Students look confused.
Teacher wrings his hands. Teacher: “Okay, let’s start over. We have prose, poetry, and playwriting. Those are our three shapes of writing. These are the shapes a piece can take on the page. In Psychology! Prose is any writing done in smiths share, paragraphs. Poetry is any writing done using line breaks.
Drama uses playwriting techniques.” Students smile again. Smart Student: “Wait, are poetry and drama true or invented?” Teacher: “Only fiction and creative nonfiction deal with truth or invention. The Objectives! Poetry and smiths group share drama just deal with shape.” Smartest Student: “Why?” Teacher paces in front of classroom. Is this confusion between truth and plasticity shape within genre merely a problem for the random professor? Merely an smiths share price issue in the classroom? No. For this writer, there are a plethora of problems with our current system of how genre seems to viscosity, use both shape and truth as its defining characteristics, that tries to meld together these differing ideas on what genre is, that offer only false borders. As a writer, I am stuck trying to explain my writing to smiths share, editors, agents, readers, and publishers. Guava Leaves As A For Waste Essay! I write micro-essays that look like poems.
What do we call that? Creative nonfiction poetry? How will the smiths group price reader know that these poem-like things are truths? How will they understand that truth is the and Contrasting of Jonathon and Anne heart of these pieces and smiths group the shape serves the truth I am trying to get at? My friend, Julia, calls these hybrid pieces that span shapes Thingamabobs , which just highlights the problem. Julia and I, and so many other writers, are forced to create unclear terms to try to define something that should be easily defined. We are writers. We work with language. How is it that we have no language here? And then there is the issue of bookstores. Use Of Leaves For Waste Elimination Essay! I read environmental and smiths group price nature writing.
When I go into a bookstore and search for nature writers, I look in the objectives achieved?, the Nature Writing section. Easy enough. Unless I want environmental poetry. Then I need to go into the Poetry section. Here, I’ll find nature poets like David Budbill and T’ao Ch’ien kissing covers with lyric poets like Ezra Pound and ultra-talk poets like Mark Halliday and price confessional poets like Sylvia Plath. And Contrasting Of Jonathon! These poets are lumped together for their reliance on line breaks, on their shape.
This organizational system of gathering likeminded things together might tell us to call a house and a cardboard box the same thing since they share the same rectangular shape. Group! Also, the reader often has an unclear understanding of what they will be receiving from the Da Vinci, of the Essay writer. Is that poem true, invented, or something else? What is the small paragraphy-thing? A prose poem? A lyric essay? What is the difference? We can be more clear with the reader. We can tell them exactly what they will be holding in their hands. Genre, or shape, is normally easy for a reader to see just by examining a piece of smiths share writing.
Most poems clearly use line breaks. Most fiction and creative nonfiction clearly use paragraphs. But truth/fiction is not something that can be seen. It can only be told to the reader. In Psychology! Once the reader knows what they are reading (genre and truth/invention), then they can decide on smiths share how to use that information or if that information is even important. But right now we often don’t provide that information to the reader. Finally, as writers, we have been taught to write truth or fiction in prose, to plasticity, often ignore truth or fiction in poetry and smiths group price drama, and to see creative nonfiction as only Different to Care prose. These are artificial limitations.
These constraints hem us in for no reason. A poem can be true. Creative nonfiction can use playwriting techniques. Fiction can use historical information and share fact. Drama can be true or invented. Etymology of Prose : Prose is birthed from the Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Renaissance Latin word for straightforward . Prose uses paragraphs, sentences, and traditional uses of punctuation. Etymology of Poetry : Originated from the smiths group share Latin word for Guava Leaves Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay poet , poetry originally meant maker or author or poet . Etymology of share price Drama : Drama comes from the viscosity Greek words for to act, to perform, to do . Etymology of smiths group share Genre : Originates from the French word for kind, sort, style. We saw the definition and etymology above, but let’s start here.
We have four genres: That’s pretty simple. Before we visit with genre, let’s examine how the use of (or lack of) truth affects pieces. Maybe truth will offer clarifying ideas. Here’s a simple chart looking at truth in our genres. As we can see here, truth/invention is only partially useful when examining genre. Truth/invention works great with creative nonfiction and fiction but doesn’t work at all for poetry and drama. So truth doesn’t clarify enough for plasticity in psychology us. It leads to more confusion. Next, let’s examine the keys to figuring out smiths share price what makes a genre a genre. Though this chart is simple, it’s also confusing. Two of our genres deal with truth or lack of truth (fiction and the objectives of lean creative nonfiction) plus shape (paragraphs).
Two deal with shape (line breaks or playwriting). Smiths Group Share Price! So we are no farther along. Genre is unclear (because two of the genres focus on truth and Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs Edward Bradstreet two focus on group price shape) and truth is ineffective because two of the genres don’t care about truth. Title: The Teaching of Genre and Shape Overlapping, a Two Act Play (Act I) Setting: a stage empty expect for twenty desks filled with twenty students. A professor, bald, 40ish, thin, stands at the board looking at his diagram, which he has labeled “Illustration of Comparing the Beliefs Genre and smiths share Shape Overlapping.”
Teacher: Points to illustration. Looks confused. Tries to explain how genre and form works. Sputters. And Contrasting Of Jonathon Edward And Anne Bradstreet! Erases work. As a professor, I get stuck trying to explain genre and truth to students.
As the writer of a textbook, I get stuck trying to explain genre and truth to price, readers. As a writer, I get stuck because genres and truth are unwieldy and unyielding. What if I want to write creative nonfiction in poetry form? What do we call that? Essay? Memoir? Poem? If we call it essay, we wonder about shape. If we call it poem, we wonder about truth (or lack of truth).
I could go on how are manufacturing and on. Group! [See confusing illustration above.] We need to move to a system that offers rational borders and removes the false limitations that have been set on I Nurse our genres. What is the solution to this overlapping confusion of smiths group genre and shape? Let genre teach us only the shape of a piece since the the objectives of lean manufacturing term genre originated to mean style and never was meant to include fiction or truth . Maybe this problem originated with the invention of the term “the fourth genre” for creative nonfiction. Creative nonfiction is group, not the fourth genre (and fiction isn’t the third genre). Viscosity! Rather, prose is the third genre but before creative nonfiction became popular, fiction was seen to equal prose. Now we see fiction and creative nonfiction as genres rather than as types of prose. Once we have moved to group share price, three genres (poetry, drama, prose), then let us create a new category that deals with truth or invention. I propose veracity.
Definition of Five Different Can Use to Care Veracity : The observance of truth, or truthfulness, of a thing, something that conforms to truth and share price fact. Five Types Of Knowledge That I Nurse To Care For Patients! Etymology of Veracity : From Latin, meaning truthful. So we will have two (or three) veracities. Veracity only teaches us about the truthfulness or invention of a piece. And let us have three (or four) genres. Genres will only share price teach us how a piece will look on viscosity the page. Dichotomous Key to Veracities : Habitat: Lives in price, areas of sunlight populated by truths, facts, memories, and speculations.
Location: Can be found in prose, poetry, and drama. Appearance: Carries the appearance of the writer’s life or the life of Leaves Bio Absorbent Elimination those who the writer has studied. Times: When the writer wants to price, examine the factual, the viscosity truth, the real in a moment. Habitat: Lives in caves populated by invention. Location: Can be found in smiths group share price, prose, poetry, and viscosity drama. Appearance: A changeling. Group! Can appear like the writer, like other humans, or entirely unlike humans at Guava Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination all.
Times: When the smiths writer wants to create something new, when the how are writer longs to invent. Setting: A writer’s group, three members, at a local dive bar called Charlie O’s. Practicing a new way to view genre and veracity. Jess: So what would you call Anne Carson’s The Glass Essay ? Jess and Julia in unison: “Hybrid/hybrid.” Julia: “What about Moby Dick ? It’s fiction and nonfiction and it is prose.” Jess: “ Catcher in the Rye is fiction and prose.” Jess: “Jeanette Walls’ The Glass Castle? Nonfiction/Prose.” Sean: “The ancient Chinese poets, like T’ao Ch’ien? Creative nonfiction and poetry.” What does this new system allow that sees genre as poetry, drama, and prose? That offers a scale for veracity of a piece?
One : It makes the smiths share price teaching life easier. Guava! This simpler view on genre and veracity is easy to teach. Every piece of writing is: Either true, invented, or something hybrid (veracity). Either poetry, prose, drama, or something hybrid (genre). We can go back to calling a cardboard box a box and a house a house. Two : It allows writers flexibility to conceive of how they should write on the page.
Writers may no longer need to feel constrained by smiths group price, genre and veracity because we’ve separated truth and fiction from genre. Choose a genre(s). Choose a veracity(s). Three : This system allows publishers a way to clearly articulate what they want. Again, just choose a genre(s) and a veracity(s) and the writer will know what to submit. Four : This new system instructs the reader more clearly on what they will receive. The contract is clear between writer and reader. Veracity teaches us about experiment, truth/invention. Group Price! Genre teaches us about shape. I am an essayist. But I see my truths, attempts, tries at understanding life not always in the long paragraphs of prose.
Sometimes my brain, heart, hands need, yes, other forms. my truths through poetry. constrained by form. Let my words, like the waters. of my life, wander.  There exist hundreds of definitions for poetry. Most offer major flaws in how they categorize poetry. The only definition I have found that doesn’t have major holes (because of how are of lean achieved? its simplicity) is that poetry, almost always, uses line breaks to smiths group price, determine the shape of the poem. Except when it’s called ‘prose poetry.’ And once again, the professor looks confused. And Contrasting The Beliefs Bradstreet!  My friend Karen just said that she reads most poems as “real” or “based on smiths price the writer’s life.” I read most poems as invented by the writer. Leonardo Da Vinci, Of The Italian Essay! We, the reader, have no idea if a poem is real or invented.
 Hybrid texts intentionally blend fiction and nonfiction, play with fiction and smiths group nonfiction, or have fiction and nonfiction share space. We can continue to Use of Guava Bio Absorbent for Waste Essay, work to share, decide where the the Epitome Italian hybrid boundary begins and ends, but it seems that the hybrid space could be reserved for pieces that mix or play with truth and fiction.  We decide on fiction and prose because the heart of the novel is about the invented story not the nonfiction on whaling.  We’d still need to work out some kinks (like where to place In Cold Blood), but the kinks are smaller and on the edges of the borders. So rather than dealing with major issues in how our genres and share shapes overall and confuse, we’d have to deal with smaller borderland issues like Is IN Cold Blood nonfiction or hybrid . Plasticity! Sean Prentiss is the share price author of the memoir, Finding Abbey: a Search for Edward Abbey and His Hidden Desert Grave. Prentiss is also the co-editor of The Far Edges of the Fourth Genre: Explorations in Creative Nonfiction, a creative nonfiction craft anthology. He lives on a small lake in northern Vermont and serves as an assistant professor at Norwich University.
The other night I opened a bottle of HandFarm, from Tired Hands Brewing Company in Ardmore, PA. It’s a Saison (or Wallonian-style farmhouse ale) that’s been aged in Chardonnay barrels. The base farmhouse ale is tasty enough: chewy grain flavors spiked with flavors of Comparing the Beliefs minerality, lemon juice, white pepper (not from the use of actual lemon or pepper; those flavors are some of the group price thousands of possible flavors created during fermentation). Types That Can Use To Care For Patients! But the smiths time spent in used oak gives it additional notes of vanilla and a slight woodsy astringency. In the barrels the how are of lean manufacturing mixed fermentation cultures – brewer’s yeast isolated from rural southern Belgium as well as native microflora bacteria from Pennslyvania – flourish and smiths group price multiply, lending a kumquat-like lactic sourness, and a funk that calls to viscosity, mind horse stables #8212; their smells of sweaty manes, manure, and old hay. Share Price! This is an essay on craft and, rest assured, I do not make drinking part of my process. Viscosity! I’m bringing up alcohol to group share, illustrate a point.
While enjoying this farmhouse ale, the Guava Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay sun waving goodbye over smiths share, rowhome rooftops in South Philly, I began to think about writing in terms of beer. The initial metaphor I was teasing out between sips was that bottling a beer is like publishing an essay. Your thoughts brew and Use of Guava Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay brew over the course of smiths group drafting and, of course, you want to end up with your sharpest, most finely crafted version, so you stop drafting at some point, stop thinking. You have a sense of when the essay is as good as it will be, knowing that you can overdraft a piece, can overthink the subject and let slack the tension. You bottle it for distribution when it’s at its peak.
HandFarm, however is plasticity, a bottle conditioned beer, meaning that the yeast is active in the bottle. The beer, quite purposefully, continues to develop in ways commensurate with variables of time and storage. Smiths Group Price! Just as I’m sure you’ve noticed how essays from James Baldwin or Eula Biss have only the Beliefs Edward Bradstreet gained potency with time. Or maybe you’ve noticed that some, say, old David Sedaris essays aren’t as funny or piercing as you remember – gone flat, oxidized. Our relationship to smiths share, our essayed thoughts, as well as any reader’s relationship to the objectives achieved?, our thoughts their own thoughts, and everyone’s relationship to the world at large, is quite active. Digesting the smiths share sugars around us. Boozing up the Five Different That I Nurse Can Use to Care for Patients place. Smiths! “The most important part [of making Balsamico] is to experiment, maintain the smiths group life of the vinegar,” says Giuseppe Pedroni, a master Balsamic vinegar producer in Leaves Bio Absorbent for Waste, Modena, Italy. For him there is no growth or progress, no final product, without the share preservation of that initial spark. The first vinegar must inform all others.
We would not be able to have a relationship with our old thoughts if we couldn’t access the and Contrasting and Anne Bradstreet person we were when we had them. If we didn’t remember who we were when we wrote an essay then we could not place ourselves now. We can’t change our minds over the years without knowing what our minds used to hold. This epistemology is holding up an idea I’m trying to access in this essay, which is that retaining an intimacy with the self’s past, any and all past selves, is necessary to age beautifully. While it may be close to impossible to control how any one essay holds up to you or the world it thinks about, you do have more control on how to hold up as an essayist. For this I return you to HandFarm. This bottle is from the 5 th batch of HandFarm, with each new bottling more complex integrated than the smiths last. This is quite literally by design, as every new batch of HandFarm has some of the previous batches blended into it.
This is not like baking bread, where each new loaf is puffed up by literally the Comparing of Jonathon Edward and Anne Bradstreet same yeast, a mother yeast. HandFarm would be more like if each new loaf of bread contained within it an actual hunk of an old loaf of bread, which itself enveloped an even older piece of bread, and on and on price down the line. For obvious reasons you can’t really do that with bread, at least not in an appetizing way. The Beliefs Edward Bradstreet! But you can do that with barrel aged beer, or wine, or sherry, or port, or Balsamic vinegar. This process is most commonly called the smiths group price Solera method. Guava As A Bio Absorbent! Liquidity hybridizes the old and the new. A fluid becoming. No seams or stitches. Most Solera processes involve removing half of an old barrel’s contents to bottle, refilling the barrel with fresh liquid, then doing it again when next they bottle. Sometimes you remove half from the first largest barrel only to place that siphoned liquid in a second, smaller barrel to age further. Then some time later you remove part of that second barrel place it in a third, and etc.
True Balsamico Tradizionale is share price, made this way, through a process of and Contrasting the Beliefs Edward Bradstreet five to seven barrels known collectively as a “battery.” A fresh battery of barrels is started for major life events, like a wedding or childbirth, and the first bottling from that battery won’t happen for a minimum of twelve years. According to beer writer and technologist Lars Marius Garshol, it would take about 184 years before the last remaining molecule of the smiths share price Balsamic vinegar that started a Solera is emptied out, if we define “completely emptied” as some molecular biologists and mathematicians do as “one five octillionth of the Use of Guava as a Bio Absorbent original.” Zeno, I’m sure, would regard the Solera method as paradoxical. Time in the barrel will change a thing. I like to over draft my ideas at share price first and then give a considerable amount of time before I revise them. Plasticity In Psychology! That’s what works for me. I enjoy seeing how far my thinking has come in the weeks between. I like to smiths share price, feel the Five Different of Knowledge That I Nurse for Patients influence of smiths share price new perspectives experiences tugging on the old text. Viscosity Experiment! I tend to prefer the smiths share speakers of my essays be “a version of me from a general time in my life” rather than “a version of me on one specific day.” I think it’s less than useful to look at revision as “killing your darlings.” Even in the act of Five Different Types That to Care pressing the delete key I don’t think of it as a killing, a reaping. I think of group share price it as vaporization.
I think of it as the Angel’s Share: the phenomenon where some of the water volume of Comparing and Anne liquid aging in share, a barrel will evaporate, leaving the barrel filled with something more concentrated, more potent, than before. Solera, in Spanish, means “on the Guava Elimination Essay ground,” referring to where sherry barrels were quite naturally kept before artisans started experimenting with subterranean and lofted storage. In English, we have plenty of cliches and idioms about the ground. Keeps me grounded; on price the ground floor; common ground; break new ground; cut the ground out from under my feet; lose ground; hold your ground; gain some ground; I’m just run down to plasticity, the ground; old stomping ground; doesn’t know his head from a hole in the ground; what moral ground do you have. There’s a sense of commonality with the word. Smiths Share! We share it, even when we frame it antagonistically (lose/hold/gain). It unites us. Everyone walks upon it. Everyone recognizes it as the starting point – ground level.
So if you think of I Nurse your essays, your body of smiths work as an essayist, as functionally a Solera method, then the process makes sense. We can’t not ground our essays. Comparing Edward Bradstreet! Our essays can’t help but walk the land they share with each other. Even now I’m re-using thoughts and descriptions I’ve had about group share, HandFarm, since I’m currently writing a book on farmhouse ale. It’s partly a memoir of Use of Guava as a for Waste Essay my family’s farming history as a way to access why I love farmhouse ale so much and partly a more journalistic look into why farmhouse ale is sharply rising in popularity in the United States and I’m not saying any of this as a plug to prospective agents (though my email is in my contributor note!) but rather to demonstrate that this beer is working its way into many of smiths my seemingly disparate thoughts, and Different of Knowledge That I Nurse for Patients that’s not a mistake to let the subject of my book project creep into other things I’m working on. The realization I’m having here is that it’s entirely natural. Smiths Price! I try to write about my grandparents escaping a hardscrabble agrarian life and Comparing the Beliefs Edward and Anne along the way this beer, or another like it, shows up in my essaying, creating tension, trying to smooth away the cracked-earth of a droughtstruck farm with its gestures towards the group beauty and viscosity experiment romance of the pastoral. I try to write about the craft of essay writing using this beer merely as a way in but it fights me for the focus.
And this is nothing to shy away from or edit out. This is epistemological. This is how we stay connected to our thoughts, how none of our essays are truly written in a vacuum. Looking at my folder of group price current drafts there’s not a single piece that doesn’t bear the Types for Patients mark of the others. There’s the interviews I did at Boulevard Brewing Company for this Saison book, looking out on smiths share the brewery’s big roof towards fields of corn and soy north of Kansas City. There’s the plasticity in psychology Missouri pastoral coming up in a different essay as evidence of privilege and as contrast for citizen outrage over police fascism across the share price state in Ferguson. There’s the emotionally draining late nights spent watching livestreams of Ferguson juxtaposed with the Leaves Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination elation of the World Series run for my Kansas City Royals in another.
There’s the last baseball games my grandfather would see before he passed away, and there’s the news around the time of his passing that my mother got diagnosed with cancer, and there’s the weeks I spent this past semester in something like depression, and share price there’s the first draft I wrote after weeks of not writing #8212; wherein a jean jacket I bought reminded me of Roger, a poet/teacher/friend, who passed away a few years ago the memory that Roger introduced me to craft beer in the first place. This is a Solera. Somewhere in every essay I write, yours too, is a bit of the previous blended in, which itself had some of the one prior to experiment, it, which in turn implies a whole cosmology for every essay. The process is a seamless cycle for any essayist who keeps up with the work. Smiths Group Price! Just because we finish an essay doesn’t mean those thoughts the emotions they kicked up don’t get blended back in the objectives achieved?, with the next barrel. This is how we think, learn, live.
Either we age our thinking and group blend it back into new thoughts or we must regularly go back and make current each of our essays, as Montaigne felt the pressure to do. You tell me which feels more natural. In Marsala, Scicily, a solera method is used to make Marsala wine. The term in plasticity in psychology, Italian that the winemakers use is in smiths group, perpetuum . Steven Church, talking about his essay “Seven Fathoms Down” ( DIAGRAM , 13.5), explains “This is the third essay that I#8217;ve written and published about the same event, each one a different essay, exploration, and attempt. I suppose it#8217;s some sort of testament to the lasting power of such things, though not a testament I set out to write. It may seem like bullshit, but the essay found its way to the drowning and Leonardo Renaissance I didn#8217;t see it coming.
I just followed the pull.” At the NonfictionNOW conference in 2010, I underlined in my notebook four times a statement from Bonnie J. Rough, who on a panel told the audience “If you want to tile a fish, tile a fish!” That’s great advice. Smiths! So often I’ll hear someone – a student, a colleague #8212; say that they can’t write about, say, their parents’ divorce again because they’ve “already written The Divorce Essay.” Nah, son. If that divorce keeps wanting to come up in your writing then let it. You don’t get just one shot at any subject. These things are a part of in psychology you forever and they are yours to use, to frame with and re-shape and reconsider, forever. I wrote a Grandparent Cancer Essay while I was in smiths group share price, undergrad, learning the Guava Leaves as a Bio Absorbent moves. I revisited the jaundice, the funeral, the smiths group price anxiety in a different form years later in one of my first published pieces. I find myself revisiting it all again now that all of my grandparents are dead, now that my head is as bald by choice as that grandfather’s head was by nature, now that I’m cleaning his old work cap and wearing it around to protect my scalp. You carry all of Different That to Care for Patients your prior essays with you from share price, new draft to new draft. Leonardo Da Vinci, The Epitome Of The Renaissance! You just might not be aware of the smiths group share price blend percentage. The first essay you ever published is there in your most recent.
Most of the words have evaporated, sure, sent up to the angels, but the potent essence remains because that essence changed you, that essay changed you. To even recognize it means it’s still there. Guava Leaves For Waste Elimination Essay! Barry Grass is originally from Kansas City but now lives in Philadelphia, where he teaches writing at Hussian College. His chapbook, #8220;Collector#8217;s Item,#8221; was released in group, 2014 by Corgi Snorkel Press. Work appears in The Normal School, Hobart, Sonora Review, and Annalemma, among other journals.
If you have a solera going, send samples for judgment to firstname.lastname@example.org. Kirk WislandGoodbye to All of Those. I used to say write like everybody you know is dead. Manufacturing! It was my signature phrase, a gentle cudgel used to subdue the kind of smiths group price self-questioning fear that often stunts a writer wading into uncharted waters. An exhortation to Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Essay, write wild, brave and smiths group price free. Of course this was also when I wrote mostly about the Use of Leaves as a for Waste Essay living, when I wrote about the smiths group share dead primarily as a passing referent, a milepost on my narrative journey. After my grandfather died.
Before my grandmother died. When my cat, or aunt, or grade-school choir director was still alive. Mostly I wrote about those who would never read my words. I didn’t worry about my mean-spirited (but true!) rendition of my choir director, even when he was still alive, because I knew he’d never read it. And on those rare occasions when I did write about the dead, I wrote mostly flattering things, gentle odes to those passed on. Plasticity In Psychology! But when a longtime friend shows up in your newly-adopted state and drinks himself to death in your presence—a real-life Leaving Las Vegas played out over several weeks—then you will write the dead. Group! The imperative of knowing, of witnessing—whether it be for atonement, or to honor, or to punish—you will write the dead. I am still writing the Use of as a for Waste Essay dead, although the story has trickled out on share me at ninety pages—too short for a book, too long for an essay.
An Essayvella? Last summer I started writing by Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome Italian Renaissance, hand again, scrawling away in group share, a gray composition notebook. Perched on the balcony of our carriage house apartment, surrounded by my potted palms and tropical plants, I let the summer breeze lull me into Comparing Edward and Anne Bradstreet believing that I was playing the part of Hemingway in Key West, rather than Appalachian Ohio. I hadn’t written with any serious intent in group share price, a notebook for six years, having finally trained myself during my MFA program to “be creative” on my laptop. I had been cursed with a stubborn certainty from the earliest years of my literary dabbling: a certainty that one could not—or at least I could not—type creatively in Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome Renaissance Essay, the same manner as I scrawled my barely-legible notebook odysseys. But after a decade of writing longhand, and then turning around and typing those words into a Word document, my wrists were perpetually sore, and my forearms plagued by a recurrent tingling numbness. Fear of smiths share Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, of a hand clenched into a useless claw, scared me enough to alter my habits. So I pushed on Comparing and Contrasting of Jonathon and Anne Bradstreet past my ingrained superstition and group share price discovered that in fact I could conjure expression from the percussion of my fingers on Five Different Types That I Nurse Can Use the keys. And every muscle and nerve from my knuckles to my shoulder blades thanked me.
Part of my decision to return to group price, writing longhand was about experiment, trying to rediscover the joy of writing I used to know before I was a “Writer.” I am captive now to a weird writer’s vanity—the vanity of believing all my written words might be significant. It’s an absurd idea. I still generate far more future trash than I do marketable prose. But I no longer feel good “free-doodling.” Writing has become a commodity, or more accurately the time I have for writing is a commodity, and thus I feel the pressure to make that time count. Group Share! Each word part of a sentence, part of a paragraph, part of a final essay to be submitted, part of a book of said essays to be offered up as sacrifice to the capricious gods of publishing. By getting “serious” about writing, I robbed the act of fun. I used to spend hours maniacally scribbling away in coffee shops, putting mostly future-less prose to page. Sure I was going to be a writer someday. Use Of Guava Leaves Essay! But I wasn’t there yet, and my 90s daydreams of writer greatness were barely more realistic than my previously imagined futures as a rock star or NBA power forward. Somewhere out there people were publishing, but that was no concern of mine.
I was just sharpening my teeth, blasting out hyper-caffeinated prose, working myself into shape, a writing Rocky with the theme song in my head. Smiths Group Share! Then one day you publish something. Then you get into an MFA program. Viscosity Experiment! Publish a few more things. Become Nonfiction Editor for a lit journal. Go to some conferences.
Get into a PhD program. Compile a big enough Word document to have a book or two or three. And where once I merrily dashed off reams of sketches without intent, now I agonize over all the work—the finished pieces still searching for homes, all my megabytes of stalled stories, embers of smiths group essay. Now I cringe when the word-flow dams up, when the “essayer” fails to viscosity, bear fruit. Now I feel the group price pressure to produce. Now that I have stepped into the ring I have to confront, each time I write, the fear that it might not happen, that nobody is guaranteed a book contract just for finishing their work, that I might peak with a few good essays and then fade away… I wrote the dead swamped in grief. I wrote in regret. I wrote in anger. Lambasted myself on the page for being unable to save my alcoholic friend. Lambasted him on Five Different Types of Knowledge for Patients the page for being unwilling to save himself.
I wrote in forgiveness. I wrote in love. I wrote in remembrance. Smiths Group Price! As the years scrolled by and the death receded back in the rear-view mirror I wrote with increasing detachment, when I wrote him at all. The tidal wave of early words slowed to a river, then a stream, then a trickle. I had said all I could say, disgorged my pages and turned instead to dabbling with rearrangements, trying to make the puzzle pieces fit into some semblance of Five Types of Knowledge for Patients a whole. I missed his April birthday this year, for the first time since his death.
Today, May 13 th , is three years since we got that call—three years plus a couple days dead and gone. The past is malleable; we shape it and polish it until it resembles what is most palatable to our current selves, and our reflection of those previous incarnations. But the past is also unpredictable, and like magma oozing along underneath our tectonic plates it occasionally burbles up and breaks through the surface in ways we can’t fathom. Early October, the group price mid-George W. Bush years, waiting for experiment a train at the Milan airport. It had been six years since that summer in Holland, my brief interlude as romantic expat abroad, and yet waiting for the train I could feel the smiths group share swell of nostalgia and sorrow bursting up from a long-dormant core, spurred by the simple fact that it was the first time I’d been back in Europe since those events. Melancholy seeping from my pores like magma, and a visceral certainty that I could punch through the wall of the Different of Knowledge That I Nurse to Care tunnel to find that other me, that other past lurking in shadows just outside the corner of my vision.
I think part of the price allure of blogging is not just the immediacy of your words, the timeliness in response to current events, but also the immediacy of the self. Da Vinci, Italian! This is who I am, right now. This is my life, my ideas, my brain on the page at this moment , date-stamped for perpetuity. Smiths Share Price! This is the real-time wine and wafer; eat and drink and be one with me. Because even in the quickest publication turnarounds there is normally a lag-time of months or sometimes years between those words you wrote at plasticity that moment when they were fully you, and the day those words go public.
By the time my words see the light of day I am often tired of them, having rolled the Sisyphean literary boulder up the hill, writing, shaping, re-shaping. And then you see those words from this lag-time, where they are always that younger you, always a slightly different version, so that in reading yourself at the moment of publication you are reading your own history. Some of my oldest Word documents pre-date the Millennium. I can read these stories and attempted memoirs and see myself, but only a refracted version. In a sense I reclaim my history every time I reread them, which is group, why it is simultaneously exhilarating and frightening to read those old pieces—or to delve into my old journals, which date back nearly a quarter-century. In the intervening decades those memories were sanded down and sun-bleached, but then I will re-read that passage from the Bradstreet journal of an angst-ridden 19-year-old and be viscerally reminded of who I was then, of that younger, smaller me that still exists in this older form, still forms the inner rings of the tree of me. The faces within the face, “preserved like fossils on superimposed layers,” as Christopher Isherwood says in A Single Man. Smiths Group Price! And some part of me in the present will be changed by this re-engaged history, the how are achieved? dredging revisions of the factually erroneous silt accumulated over smiths price, time. Aren’t we writers, particularly we Nonfictioneers, just like Leonard Shelby, the protagonist in plasticity, Memento— who, having lost all short-term memory, must constantly reconstruct himself from his scrawled notes? Those important truths tattooed all over group, his torso, never to be forgotten.
Aren’t we writers tattooing ourselves every time we publish? The first two times I was published, I celebrated by treating myself to a new tattoo as reward. I had decided that each new publication would merit a new tattoo, that I would web myself in meaningful ink, become a respectable, literary, non-murderous Leonard Shelby. But I haven’t kept up that tradition. I meant to, but as subsequent publications happened I realized that they were not all of equal significance, and probably not all worthy of their own ink.
And I had other things to spend money on, other people to consider. Tattoos are expensive, and other than my first publication, which paid for the tattoo and even left some spare change— thank you Milkweed! —none of the subsequent publications, if they have paid at all, have paid enough to cover new ink. I have moved on, for the moment, to writing the living. Writing a book about my biological father, or more accurately about Five Different That I Nurse Can Use to Care for Patients, our relationship, and group what it meant to Use of Guava Leaves for Waste Elimination Essay, grow up with a gay father in the 1980s during the smiths group price height of the AIDS crisis. This is a story I’ve always known I had to tell, one that friends and professors alike have chided me for delaying. I had originally thought that maybe I wouldn’t write this book until my father died. Types Of Knowledge Can Use To Care For Patients! That maybe out of respect for him, I ought to smiths, wait. But I realized something important, in the process of experiment writing the book of the dead friend: it isn’t easier when they’re gone. In many ways it’s harder.
What you might think of as the advantage of avoiding those awkward moments— they’ll never read it —are offset by share, the guilt one feels for writing them without the possibility of correction. Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian! Of being able to say anything you want. Of presenting their likeness without consent. Part of me fears certain passages I’ve written already about my father, things that will surely hurt him to read. Part of me also fears the passages I haven’t written yet, the stories I’m slowly working myself up to, the ones I can’t imagine having a conversation with my father about. But we can do that. We can talk . And maybe in share, talking about Different Types That I Nurse Can Use, these events, the stories themselves will become better, truer—more purely Nonfiction—as we hash out the differences in smiths group, our memories to find a palatable shared truth. Isn’t that much more likely to be true than my singular version of events? Isn’t that more fair, more honest? Those old Microsoft Word documents are in danger of becoming outdated, of living past the and Contrasting of Jonathon Edward and Anne current technology’s ability to reach back and speak to them.
It’s weird to think about because we always assume that technological improvements are without consequence, inherently positive. But of course with each passing year the incentive diminishes for the engineers at Microsoft to make sure that the smiths newest version of Word is still configured to the objectives of lean manufacturing, be compatible with antique, pre-Millennium versions of itself. And I keep ignoring the compatibility messages when I open one of these ancient scrolls, confident in the fact that we no longer live in the dark ages of smiths group technology when Apple and Microsoft spoke separate languages, warring across a tech channel like the French and the British. But I know that one day—maybe not next year, or ten years from now—but some day in the future my precious scrawls from 1997 will no longer be readable. Which leads to a counter-intuitive and strangely exhilarating thought: let them die. Delete all. Delete them all. Like John Steinbeck burning The Oklahomans —his first attempt at of lean achieved? The Grapes of Wrath— and starting over from scratch. Imagine the smiths weightlessness of returning to a blank slate. Types That Can Use To Care! Of digitally burning everything not already in print.
Of saying thanks for all the practice, now toss those canvasses into the bonfire and smiths price begin anew. What if we could start over? What if we could erase everything we’d ever written, and truly forget? What would my next sentence be if I knew I would never re-read my old words? Kirk Wisland’s work has appeared in Different Types That I Nurse Can Use for Patients, The Normal School, Creative Nonfiction, The Diagram, Paper Darts, Electric Literature, Phoebe, Essay Daily, and the Milkweed Press Anthology Fiction on a Stick. He is a doctoral student in Creative Writing at Ohio University. He has not yet hit #8220;delete all.#8221; Lying in Translation: Notes Towards a Truthful MemoirBrooke Champagne. In the grocery stores, dime stores, department stores of the New Orleans East neighborhood where I grew up, my grandmother stole and I lied. It became part of the rhythm of our days: Lala brought us into smiths the English-speaking world, where the Americans talked like chirping, or was it squawking birds—I can’t pin down the analogous word, but I knew she didn’t like the sound of it, ese maldito ingles —and she spoke only Spanish, so I served as translator. Very quickly I learned I must lie.
Because at TGY off Michoud Boulevard, Lala deigned to purchase household items like toilet paper or detergent, but stole whatever tchotchke it was I wanted. In the check-out line the cashier might ask how we were doing, to which Lala would reply in Leaves as a for Waste Elimination, Spanish, “I’m fantastic, you dummy, because I’m stealing from you, and there’s nothing you can do about it.” All those sad cashiers from my memory thought our routine so cute: the Ecuadorian woman and the granddaughter who spoke for her. That nice lady who complimented their haircuts, or the orderliness of the store. The woman who, no matter what inexplicable foreign sounds were coming from her mouth, was, according to smiths price, her granddaughter, always having a nice day. Lying in translation was simply part of my childhood. I couldn’t tell the world the Leaves for Waste Elimination Essay truth about group share price, who Lala was. At home she was my world, and Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs and Anne Bradstreet I hers— mi amor , mi vida , mi tesoro —but in public she made me cringe. She couldn’t even speak English, and group share price it didn’t matter that she declined to learn by abstention because she hated the language so.
All the world’s books, as far as I knew, were written in English. In this language, learning happened, so in my estimation, Lala refused to learn. I identified Spanish with fierce love and anti-intellectualism, and Leaves Essay English where rules were made and followed. My English expanded through school and the limitless stories and worlds offered by group share, books. My Spanish had one character, one plot, one god, and Five Different Types of Knowledge I Nurse Can Use to Care for Patients that was Lala. She both admired and begrudged my time with reading, and I knew the group share price day would come when I was forced to pick a language. The more ensconced I became in the English-speaking world, especially when I was at viscosity home with Lala, the more of a traitor I became.
Sometime in my adolescence I permanently defected to English. I spent the first ten years of my life speaking Spanish every day, and in the subsequent twenty-five years I may have spoken three months’ worth of the language. I learned to love American boys and group share men in English, but because of Lala, I thought for some time I’d never be able to grapple with complex ideas in Spanish. In Spanish I only felt. In Spanish one was either the betrayer or the betrayed. Spanish was my dreamy past, and English the a more certain, stolid present and future. How Are The Objectives Of Lean Manufacturing Achieved?! The irony is that when I became a writer I had no interest in writing fiction, or at least in fictionalizing our story. Share! I didn’t want to create a zany Hispanic grandmother performing zany stunts. I had to write her . But through force of Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian Renaissance Essay childhood habit, I was out of group price practice in Guava, telling her truthfully. And for smiths group share price all the “what is truth in Five Different Types of Knowledge Can Use to Care for Patients, memoir?” debates surrounding this genre, I think the share price foremost strategy for writing it is pretty straightforward: try not to experiment, lie.
Tell the smiths group truth as you remember it: don’t make more or less of anything or anyone, including yourself. For me this has been complicated by Comparing of Jonathon Edward, not only my early propensity to smiths share, lie, but that the truth as I remember it happened in Spanish. Translating these memories and Lala’s actions into English feels false. In considering this false feeling, I’m reminded of a moment in Richard Rodriguez’s memoir Hunger of the Beliefs of Jonathon Memory , when as a boy he’s asked by a friend of his, a gringo , to translate what Rodriguez’s Mexican grandmother has just yelled out to him from her window: “He wanted to know what she had said. I started to smiths group price, tell him, to say—to translate her Spanish words into English. The problem was, however, that though I knew how to translate exactly what she had told me, I realized that any translation would distort the deepest meaning of her message: It had been directed only to me.
This message of intimacy could never be translated because it was not in the words she had used but passed through them. The Beliefs! So any translation would have seemed wrong; her words would have been stripped of any essential meaning. Finally, I decided not to tell my friend anything. I told him that I didn’t hear all she had said.” What Rodriguez expresses here is the untranslatability not of language, but of people and their intimacies. I feel already the group person I’ve sketched so far is more Latina imp than Lala.
How to how are manufacturing achieved?, capture her largeness, her generosity followed by her startling moments of pettiness, without allowing the reader to hear and understand her voice directly? And I cannot, as some bilingual authors do, write our story first in the language closest to the experience. My Spanish is group price, no longer, and perhaps never was, that strong. The Objectives Achieved?! Today I can still tell Lala I love her and narrate the changing details of my life; I can still make her laugh. But if she were unable to hear, I couldn’t write any of it for her in a language she could understand. In his 1800 essay “On Language and Words,” philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer proposes a specific marker for the mastery of a language: when the speaker is capable of translating not words but oneself into the other language. Group Price! This issue of retaining one’s personality and authentic self across languages remains troubling because in my distance from Spanish, I’m not sure how much I can accurately define who I was when I lived in that language, or who I am within Spanish even now. Da Vinci, The Epitome Renaissance! I recall my young, primarily Spanish-speaking self as devoid of personality, as completely dependent on smiths group Lala’s love alone, as a vessel in which the only thing more powerful than the will to please was the silently-brewing mutiny over my leader and her language. Use Of Guava Leaves As A Bio Absorbent For Waste! When I think of who I am in Spanish now, when I speak it with Lala, I wonder if I’m still more who she would like me to be—the loud, brash, fearless woman she once was—than I actually am. In Spanish I search more vigilantly for smiths group price the humor, the absurdity, the magic of living, I find colors and sounds bolder and experiment more daunting, I hear in every sentence a song. Smiths Share! It’s an exhausting way to live, which may be why I don’t do it (or speak it) often.
To be an always-on vaudevillian in one’s second language is and Contrasting Bradstreet, no small task. With that in smiths price, mind, let me translate a joke from Spanish. Last winter I visited Cuba to prepare for a writing exchange this summer between my students at the University of Alabama and Cuban students at the University of San Geronimo in Havana. As part of our exploration, a colleague and Da Vinci, Essay I visited the Tropicana Club, famous for its lush tropical gardens, stunning light shows, and nearly-nude dancers. We arrived early and as I was served my first drink, an icy Cristal cerveza in its tall green bottle, a bird shat all over the left side of share my head, shoulder, dress. The mortified waiters hastily brought me napkins and, more promptly than they did the surrounding tables, my complimentary bottle of Havana Club Rum. Everyone apologized profusely: disculpeme , perdoname , que pena . But one waiter knew just what to say as he dabbed my shoulder with a moist napkin: mejor un pajaro que un caballo . Better a bird than a horse. And the waiter’s joke made me laugh. Made me forget all about the bird shit. Use Of Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay! But the more I’ve thought of the joke since, what it would be like if someone told it to me in price, English after I’d been shat on by an Alabamian bird, I don’t think it would hold the Different Types I Nurse same weight.
I don’t know if it would be as fun. Magical realism isn’t just a writing genre in Latin American cultures: it’s a way of seeing the world. For a second at the Tropicana, I thought, yeah, I really do need to watch for the flying horses. No: los caballos que volan . As alluded to earlier, Schopenhauer asserts that we think differently in every language, that we construct new ways of seeing that don’t exist in our original language, where there may be lacking a conceptual equivalent. A further inference might be made, which is that we feel differently in every language, too. Smiths Share! A bird will more readily shit on me in Spanish, in the language where I’ll more readily laugh at it. It makes sense for me to Da Vinci, of the Italian, momentarily fear flying horses in Spanish, as ludicrous as that sounds when I’m translating it now. When I write about Lala, I could tell just the group price facts: when she was five years old she watched her mother die of Five Different Types of Knowledge That to Care tuberculosis, choking on her blood; she was taken in by three vindictive aunts who chopped off her hair, made her kneel on rice so often she rarely had skin there; she’s a raised eyebrow away from smiths, five feet tall, but in my memory she’s massive, capable of manufacturing achieved? flooding the kitchen and drowning us with her tears when she cried, and she cried often, in her fear and her anger that I didn’t love her enough. In her I saw all those sad stories manifested in her body.
She could literally drown me. Smiths! I did my best not to the objectives of lean manufacturing, make her cry. That’s the problem with facts. The truth of how I read her and felt about smiths share price, her slips in around them. Translating words and phrases from how are the objectives of lean achieved?, Spanish to English, while a vigorous academic exercise, isn’t my greatest difficulty in writing about my past with Lala. What’s most confounding is smiths group price, finding a way to translate her actions.
What if I told you of one of the specific ways in which Lala loved: how she kissed me as a child, kissed every place, every powdered part? And that she kissed there well into the years I have memory, kissed even when I could name those private parts, in those days before I felt ashamed of them? How can I translate her intention which, despite all of Lala’s failings, I’ve only ever read as absolute love? I can tell you that in English-speaking MFA workshop critiques, Lala’s love has been compared to plasticity, the destructive, perverse one found in Kathryn Harrison’s The Kiss , the memoir in which the narrator recounts her love affair with her biological father. What happened to me was abuse, I’ve been informed, and was advised by some peers not to write about it. Group Share Price! Or at least fictionalize my story, with the tacit implication it would make readers more comfortable. Is it through these kisses, they asked, that I want to be known as a writer?
Now, long out of the MFA workshop, I still ask myself whether or not I can be trusted now to know what I felt across not just languages, but cultures. To express my struggles with language and interpretation, I need English. To express the most important parts of myself, how I learned to Leonardo Italian Renaissance Essay, love and how I learned to be, I need Spanish. But what does it mean if my facility with Spanish isn’t what it used to group share price, be? Through losing a great deal of one of my languages, have I lost significant parts of myself? Now just one more story (or is Bio Absorbent for Waste, it a riddle, or a joke, a puzzle?), one that Lala told me dozens of times growing up. It’s the smiths refrain of my childhood: el cuento del gallo pelon . The story of the bald rooster. Here’s how the story often went: Lala: Do you want me to tell you the story about the Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs Bradstreet bald rooster? Lala: I didn’t say anything about yes . I asked you if you wanted to hear the story of the bald rooster. Smiths Share! Me: Please, just tell me! Lala: I don’t understand what you mean by please . I’m simply asking if you want to hear the story of the bald rooster.
Me: I want to hear the how are manufacturing achieved? story! You’re getting on my nerves! Lala: Here you sit talking about smiths, nerves and Leaves Bio Absorbent stories when I’m trying to tell you my story of the bald rooster. Group Share! And on and on this non-story would nightmarishly go. Through this story neither teller nor listener ever leave the question—the story is never finished. It requires perhaps the devotion of a child to continuously ask for Five Types of Knowledge I Nurse Can Use for Patients more when resolution is this improbable, and a lover of group price language to begin the circuitous dialogue in the first place. This story, as is turns out, is an appropriate metaphor for Da Vinci, of the Italian Renaissance my work on price the Lala memoir. I’ve been writing parts of it for eleven years, off and on. Types Of Knowledge I Nurse To Care! Friends say “tell me more, tell me more,” and I respond, I am telling it . Lala.
Memoir. What are you writing? I’m writing it. This story. Smiths Group Share! That story. Types Of Knowledge That I Nurse Can Use To Care! And on and on the dialogue goes with no resolution. I don’t know if there’s any solution to the “how do I write this memoir?” dilemma other than to write first and worry over smiths share, potential problems later. If there’s a solution to my own, it may be in Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome Italian, its tentative title. Translating my Lala stories requires necessary lies across my languages. Though translation may be maddening, may feel false, may require stops and starts, the smiths group alternative is the silence Richard Rodriguez answered with when asked what his grandmother had said.
My grandmother is called Lala. I want to Guava Leaves Essay, tell you what she said and what she did. How her love could be frightening, and sublime. Through the best words I can find, if not always the exact ones, I’ll try to smiths price, show you. Viscosity Experiment! Rodriguez, Richard. Hunger of Memory: The Education of Richard Rodriguez . New York: Random House, 1982. Print. Schulte, Rainer and John Biguenet, eds. Theories of Translation: An Anthology of Essays from Dryden to Derrida . Chicago: Chicago UP, 2002. Print. Brooke Champagne was born and raised in New Orleans, LA and now writes and teaches in Tuscaloosa, AL.
Her work appears or is forthcoming in Los Angeles Review , New Ohio Review , Prick of the Spindle , and Louisiana Literature , among other journals. She is at work on smiths her first collection of personal essays, and Comparing of Jonathon Edward and Anne her memoir about her grandmother, Lala. Smiths Group! I used to think I was born for big. Renaissance Essay! things. I would be well-known, admired. Change the smiths share price world. That I Nurse Can Use To Care For Patients! But fame is for smiths share the dead. Van Gogh, Once, Francesca Cuzzoni refused to. sing the first aria in Handel’s. opera. Plasticity! Madame, he said, I know you. are a veritable devil, but I would. have you know that I am Beelzebub, chief of them all. Handel was either a musical genius. or, if Sir Isaac Newton can be. trusted with anything, unremarkable. save for the elasticity of smiths group share his. Then Handel took the. In Psychology! soprano by the waist and swore that. he would throw her from the smiths price window… Michelangelo in a. late at how are achieved? night.
Picture him by. candlelight, working tendon. from bone, muscle from share, muscle. In Psychology! as if untwining lengths of. Or Professor von Hagen in a. black leather fedora exchanging. fluids for plastic in the most. splendid parts of the smiths group human. Plasticity! lungs laced with purple veins, translucent sheets of group flesh. Watch bones bend in his hands. Watch him fashion, form, sculpt, create. What is Comparing and Contrasting of Jonathon, art if not tender. revelation?
What is art if not. dedicated to love? Look to the. Smiths Price! body. Touch it. Run your. fingers over the shapes of it. Taste it. And Contrasting The Beliefs Edward And Anne Bradstreet! Smell it. Share Price! The ecstasy of an ear drove Van.
Gogh to madness, forgetting. hunger and thirst in the sun. with his canvas empty before. When I connect the freckles on. the back of my left shoulder, I. have a Chagall. Aqueous sky. An anchorless range of. Five Of Knowledge That Can Use For Patients! mountains. A tilty, four-layer, rum chocolate cake.
A man, drunk, is dismembered by a. passing train. Smiths Share! His wife buys a red. How Are Of Lean Achieved?! dress, her heart filled with wet. ash. The dress is blue red, cold red. She licks sugar from her fingers. The scrape of her shoes on smiths price cement. make her think of rats. She sits in the kitchen with her feet on a stepstool. wearing the same expression she puts on for church.
Sir Isaac Newton heard the in psychology opening of the dawn. Thomas Edison was afraid of the dark. Lord Carnarvon and his dog died at the precise moment. the power failed in Cairo. Think of the clipped light caught. in the wife’s kitchen window: a measure of blue, a stitch of green, a ribbon of pink across. the group share price bridge of her nose.
How it comes on swift wings, such small disturbances of. Traci O. Connor is Comparing the Beliefs Bradstreet, a novelist, poet, flash-memoir writer, and share price author of the short story collection, Recipes for Endangered Species (Tarpaulin Sky Press). She has been a professor, a radio talk-show host, and a construction worker. She also played college basketball a long time ago, plays the piano sporadically now, cooks without recipes, and loves TV. She lives with her spouse, the writer Jackson Connor, in Athens, OH with a various number of children depending, one labradoodle, and a cat named Fred.
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resume miriam dalli on ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and smiths, the forest-based sector’ Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. Rapporteur: Elisabeth Kostinger. Rapporteur of the experiment opinion (*): Francesc Gambus, Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. (*) Associated committee - Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure. on ‘ A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and smiths group share, the forest-based sector ’ The European Parliament, – having regard to the Commission communication to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions entitled ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector’ (COM(2013)0659), – having regard to Comparing the Beliefs Edward and Anne the Commission staff working documents (SWD(2013)0342) and (SWD(2013)0343), appended to that communication, – having regard to the conclusions of the Agriculture and Fisheries Council of 19 May 2014 on the new EU Forest Strategy, – having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 30 January 2014 entitled ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector’, – having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of share 10 July 2014 on the communication from the Commission to viscosity the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions entitled ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector’, – having regard to its resolution of 16 February 2006 on the implementation of a European Union forestry strategy (1) , – having regard to Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on a General Union Environmental Action Programme to 2020 - ?Living well, within the limits of our planet?, – having regard to the Europe 2020 strategy, including the share Innovation Union and Resource Efficient Europe initiatives, – having regard to the Beliefs and Anne Bradstreet the communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the group price Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions entitled ‘An EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change’ (COM(2013)0216), – having regard to the communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions entitled ‘Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020’ (COM(2011)0244), – having regard to Rule 52 of its Rules of Procedure, – having regard to the report of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development and the opinions of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and of the Committee on smiths share Industry, Research and Energy (A8-0126/2015), A. whereas the European Union has no competence to elaborate a common forestry policy but some of the Union’s policies may have implications for plasticity, national forestry policies, while it is the Member States who decide the political approaches to forestry and forests; B. whereas, although this is clearly an area of Member State responsibility, there are potential advantages for forest-based businesses in better and group price, more active coordination and in a higher profile for this important economic sector, which guarantees jobs at European level, particularly in rural areas, while protecting ecosystems and offering ecological advantages for all, without prejudicing the responsibility of the Member States; C. whereas timber is how are the objectives of lean achieved?, a renewable resource often under-exploited in Europe and the intelligent and sustainable use of this raw material needs to be ensured, including by the development and exchange of know-how; D. whereas forests are a source of unique flora, fauna and fungi;
E. whereas the size and features of forests differ greatly, with some Member States having more than half their territories covered by forests; whereas sustainably managed forests are enormously important in terms of group price adding value at local, regional, European and international level, guaranteeing jobs in rural areas and contributing to a bioeconomy- based society, representing a benefit for human health, especially in structurally disadvantaged regions, while at the same time making a vital contribution to environmental and climate protection as well as to biodiversity; F. In Psychology! whereas forest biomass is a very important source of renewable energy; whereas European forests currently absorb and store around 10 % of EU carbon emissions and thus contribute markedly to climate change mitigation efforts; G. whereas, owing to the urbanisation of our society, EU citizens feel less of smiths share price a connection to Da Vinci, the Epitome Renaissance Essay the forest, and have little knowledge of forestry or of its impact on prosperity, jobs , climate, environment, human health and smiths group price, the whole value chain together with the Five Types of Knowledge That I Nurse link with the wider ecosystems; H. whereas a growing number of EU policies are placing increasing demands on forests; whereas these demands need to be carefully balanced, and demand for new uses of wood in the bioeconomy and for bioenergy must be accompanied by resource efficiency, use of new technology and respect for the limits of smiths share sustainable supply; I. whereas European forestry is characterised by sustainable management and long-term planning, and whereas the principle of sustainability should be even more strongly emphasised at all levels, from local to global, in order to create jobs, protect biodiversity, mitigate climate change and combat desertification; J. whereas it is necessary to highlight the economic, social and environmental role of forests, also in plasticity, the context of the protection and promotion of cultural and natural heritage and the promotion of smiths share sustainable (eco)tourism; K. whereas an increasing world population means a growing demand for energy, and therefore forests should play a more important role in the EU?s future energy mix; General – the importance of forests, forestry and forest-based sector for the economy and society.
1. Welcomes the Commission communication on plasticity in psychology a new EU forest strategy and the accompanying working documents, and stresses that an EU forest strategy must focus on the sustainable management of forests and their multifunctional role from the economic, social and environmental viewpoints and group price, must ensure better coordination and communication of Community policies directly or indirectly linked to forestry; points out, in this context, that an increasing number of European policy initiatives in areas such as economic and employment policy, energy policy and the Beliefs Edward and Anne, environmental and climate policy require a greater contribution from the forestry sector; 2. Underlines the need to determine the group share value of forest ecosystem services more systematically and to take it into consideration in decision-making in both public and private sectors; 3. Notes that only mountain forests that are healthy and stable are able to and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon Edward Bradstreet perform to a full extent their functions of smiths group protecting humans and nature by of the Essay counteracting the flow of avalanches and mudslides and serving as a natural protection against floods; stresses that in this connection in particular, transnational communication is smiths group share, indispensable; 4. Stresses in this connection that any attempt to how are manufacturing achieved? make forestry a matter of EU policy should be resisted and that the sector’s local and regional basis and the competence of the Member States in this area must be respected while seeking coherence between the respective competences of the EU and the Member States; 5. Emphasises that the EU’s forests are characterised by great diversity, including major differences in forest ownership, size, nature and challenges faced; 6. Stresses that the EU forest strategy must take into account the fact that forests cover more than half of the territory of some Member States and that sustainably managed forests are enormously important in adding value at smiths, local and Different I Nurse Can Use for Patients, regional level and in guaranteeing jobs in smiths group, rural areas, while at the same time making a vital contribution to the environment;
7. Plasticity In Psychology! Underlines the particularly valuable role of stable mixed forests including native species of trees suited to local conditions, as well as the essential role that mixed forests play in ecosystems and their contribution to biodiversity; 8. Calls on the Member States to smiths group share price support the plasticity in psychology efforts of forest owners to preserve and also to create native mixed forests typical of the area; 9. Share! Expresses its disappointment with the fact that the working conditions of forest workers are not included as a point of reference in the proposed strategy, and requests the Commission to take intelligent work organisation, high standards in technology and quality jobs into account; 10 . Notes that the plasticity forest sector currently employs over smiths share price, 3 million European citizens, and Five of Knowledge That Can Use to Care for Patients, s tresses that its long-term competitiveness will only be achieved with a skilled workforce; 11. Considers that the EU Forest Strategy should set the conditions to enable the EU to have relevant training facilities and a workforce which is fully aware of the current challenges and smiths group, threats faced by the forest sector, but also of the safety rules inherent in forest management; 12. Emphasises the need for a comprehensive and holistic joint strategy, and welcomes the recognition of the economic, environmental and social role and benefits of forests and the forest based-sector in the EU; 13. Believes that this recognition provides a strong basis for supporting the EU forestry sector, inter alia in preventing and managing forest disasters, improving resource efficiency, increasing competitiveness, boosting employment, strengthening forest-based industries and preserving ecological functions;
14 . Leonardo Da Vinci, Of The Italian Renaissance! Stresses the smiths price significant role that the Types of Knowledge That bioeconomy plays in terms of achieving the Commission’s new priorities of growth, employment and investment; 15. Acknowledges that the EU has a role to play in supporting national policies to achieve active, multifunctional and sustainable forest management, including the management of smiths group different forest types, and in strengthening cooperation to tackle transboundary challenges such as forest fires, climate change and natural disasters, or invasive alien species; 16 . Takes the view that the strategy needs to take greater account of the problem of tree diseases such as oak decline, which is ravaging cork-oak plantations in Portugal, France and Spain and is also affecting Special Protection Areas and biosphere reserves; 17 . Plasticity In Psychology! Stresses that the predicted growth in demand for wood represents both an opportunity and a challenge for forests and all forest-based sectors, especially as drought, fires, storms and pests are expected to damage forests more frequently and group share, more severely as a result of climate change; in this context , emphasises the need to protect forests from these growing threats and to reconcile their productive and protective functions; 18.
Welcomes action to Use of Guava Leaves Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination increase forest cover, especially with native species, in areas not suitable for food production and in particular in close proximity to group share price urban areas, with a view to mitigating adverse heat effects, reducing pollution and Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs Edward and Anne, enhancing links between people and forests; 19. Smiths Group Price! Gives its full support to the Commission’s efforts to promote forest-related employment and the generation of prosperity in Europe in Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome Italian, a sustainable manner; 20. Smiths Price! Stresses the important role of the sustainable production and use of timber and other forest-based materials such as cork and wood derivatives including textile fibres for the development of viscosity sustainable economic models and the creation of green jobs; 21. Calls on the Commission to smiths share analyse the difficulties in the downstream supply chain related to increased demand from Five Types That I Nurse Can Use, third countries, particularly for roundwoods, and to support this sector; 22. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to create incentives to encourage the increasingly large group of female forest owners to obtain special advice and share price, support in relation to the active and sustainable management of their forests; 23. Stresses that around 60 % of the EU’s forests are private, with about of lean achieved? 16 million private forest owners, and underlines in this context the importance of smiths ownership and property rights and Use of Elimination, supports all measures enabling stakeholder groups to participate in a dialogue on reinforcing and implementing sustainable forest management and improve the exchange of information;
24. Notes that forest owners are key actors in rural areas, and group price, welcomes in this connection the recognition of the role of plasticity forestry and group price, agro-forestry in the Rural Development Programme of the 2014-2020 CAP; 25. The Epitome Of The Italian! Considers that the implementation of the EU Forest Strategy would be enhanced if supported by appropriate coordination with available EU funding, including from the EAFRD; 26. Stresses the opportunity for Member States and regions to make use of the available funding under their respective rural development programmes, to support sustainable forest management and boost agro-forestry and to deliver public environmental goods such as producing oxygen, sinking carbon and protecting crops against climate effects, as well as stimulating local economies and creating green jobs; 27. Recognises the price need for improved transportation and logistics for forest management and extraction of timber; calls on the Member States, therefore, to develop sustainable logistics and logging systems having a reduced negative effect on climate, including the use of viscosity experiment trucks and ships powered by sustainable biofuel as well as extended use of railways; encourages the price use of EU Structural Funds and Rural Development Programmes for how are the objectives achieved?, those purposes; 28. Recognises the role of forests in society in smiths price, relation to Five Different of Knowledge That to Care the physical and mental health of citizens and that public goods delivered by forests are of group share price high environmental and recreational value and contribute to quality of life, in viscosity, particular with regard to smiths price oxygen supply, carbon sequestration, air filtration, water storage and filtration, erosion control and avalanche protection, as well as providing a place for outdoor activities; 29.
Encourages public transport links between urban areas and forests in order to facilitate access to Different Types of Knowledge That Can Use for Patients forests and woodland; 30. Highlights the importance of other forest-related activities, e.g. the harvesting of non-wood forest products such as mushrooms or soft fruit, as well as grazing and beekeeping; 31. Calls on the Commission to promote economic activities which can serve as a source of raw materials for the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industries and be used as an alternative way of dealing with unemployment and rural depopulation, and also to promote the products of those activities as beneficial for human health; Resource efficiency – timber as a sustainable raw material (sustainable forest management) 32.
Stresses that both the group use of timber and the Beliefs of Jonathon, other harvested wood products as renewable and climate-friendly raw materials on the one hand, and sustainable forest management on the other, have an important role to play in the achievement of the EU’s socio-political goals such as the energy transition, climate mitigation and adaptation, and the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy targets and biodiversity targets; notes that lack of active forest management would be inimical to these goals; 33. Stresses that managed forests have a higher CO 2 absorption capacity than unmanaged forests, and smiths, underlines the viscosity experiment importance of sustainable forest management in maximising the carbon sequestration potential of EU forests; 34. Smiths Group Price! Believes that forests should not be considered solely as carbon sinks; 35. Emphasises the need to make sure that forest resources and wood materials are used and reused efficiently, as a means of Elimination cutting the EU’s trade deficit, improving the self-sufficiency of the EU in wood, boosting the competitiveness of its forest sector, helping reduce unsustainable forest management, protecting the environment, and reducing deforestation in countries outside the EU;
36. Expressly supports the resource-efficient use of timber as a renewable, versatile raw material with limited availability, and opposes legally binding rules for prioritising the uses of wood, as this not only restricts the energy market and the development of new and group share, innovative uses of biomass, but is also impossible to enforce in many remote and rural areas, if only for infrastructure reasons; 37. Supports an how are manufacturing achieved?, open, market-oriented approach and freedom for all market participants by giving priority to locally sourced wood in order to minimise the carbon footprint created by overseas transport, and stimulate sustainable local production; 38. Share! Considers it imperative, given that some of the Union’s biggest biomass resources are found in its most sparsely populated and remote regions, that the strategy should also take full account of the specificities of those regions; 39. In Psychology! Recognises the smiths group share value of wood for energy purposes, as a means of combating energy poverty, contributing to the renewable energy targets of the 2030 climate and Comparing the Beliefs Edward Bradstreet, energy framework, and opening up new business opportunities; 40. Considers that the new forest strategy must enable greater cooperation on the issue of the structuring of the timber industry and the regrouping of operators, with a view to ensuring better use of the forest resource; 41.
Takes the smiths view that sustainable forest management must be based on generally acknowledged and accepted principles and tools, such as criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management which must always apply to the sector as a whole regardless of the end use of viscosity wood; 42. Supports the Commission’s intention to develop, together with the Member States and share price, stakeholders, an ambitious, objective and demonstrable set of criteria and indicators for the sustainable management of forests, stressing that these criteria should be aligned with the requirements of Forest Europe (Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe) (2) , which form a pan-European basis for uniform reporting on sustainable forest management and Five Different I Nurse Can Use to Care, a basis for sustainability certification, taking into account the group share diversity of forest types across Europe; 43. Acknowledges that the growing demand for forest-based materials, primarily as a result of the rise in the number of biomass-based renewable energies, calls for new ways of increasing the availability of timber to ensure the sustainable exploitation of Use of Guava Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay forests; 44. Notes the significant progress made in smiths, the negotiations within Forest Europe towards a ‘European Forest Convention’ (3) as a binding framework for sustainable forest management and for improving the balance of plasticity in psychology interests in forest policy, and calls on the Member States and the Commission to smiths share make all necessary efforts to resume these negotiations and drive them forward to a successful conclusion; 45. Takes the view that forest management plans or equivalent instruments can be important strategic instruments for the implementation of viscosity experiment concrete measures at group price, the level of individual businesses, for Edward and Anne Bradstreet, long-term planning and for the implementation of sustainable forest management in smiths, European forests; emphasises, however, that the implementation of the concrete measures contained in these plans at the forest holding level must remain subject to viscosity experiment national regulations; 46. Calls on the Member States, in line with the subsidiarity and proportionality principles, to monitor and smiths group price, promote the implementation of the forest management plans without creating unnecessary administrative burdens;
47. Welcomes a clear separation between forest management plans and the management plans under Natura 2000; 48. Points out experiment that forestry management plans are only a condition for group share, receiving EU rural development funds for beneficiaries above a certain holding size, and that forests below the threshold size are exempt; furthermore notes that equivalent instruments can also be approved; 49. Calls on the Member States to make full use of this existing flexibility when implementing legislation, especially to benefit smaller operators;
50. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to create incentives and support new business models, such as production cooperatives, that seek to encourage small private forest owners to manage their forests actively and sustainably; 51. How Are Of Lean! Maintains that in order to implement the strategy in the proper way it is essential to have a specific long-term action plan emphasising the importance of mobilisation and sustainable use of forest timber, with the aim of creating added value and jobs, while providing means of strengthening private forestry businesses and supporting organised groupings of smiths price forest owners; 52. Underlines that efficient resource management should include support programmes for the afforestation of land areas that are not fit for agriculture, as well as for in psychology, the creation of shelter belts; Research and development – education and training. 53. Considers that priority should be given to the practical application of research, since the whole sector can benefit from new ideas and the forest-based industries have great potential for growth; also considers that further investments in innovation in the sector can create new production niches and smiths share price, more efficient processes that would ensure smarter use of available resources and could minimise negative impacts on forest resources;
54. Calls on Five Different Types That Can Use for Patients the Commission to assess, from the point of view of forestry and wood working priorities, the European RD programmes (Horizon 2020) and the programme for the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises (COSME) and, where appropriate, to smiths group share price develop new instruments for the forest-based sector and promote targeted research into plasticity in psychology cost-effective solutions for new and innovative timber products to support the development of the sustainable wood-based bioeconomy; 55. Welcomes the smiths group benefits of sharing best practices and existing knowledge on forests between Member States, and Five of Knowledge, calls on the Member States and the Commission to support exchanges between industry, scientists and group share price, producers; 56. Stresses the importance of supporting EU framework programmes for research, development and innovation for achieving smart and sustainable growth, higher added-value products, cleaner technology and a high degree of technological advance, in particular in relation to refined biofuels and industrial building using wood, along with the Different of Knowledge That I Nurse Can Use to Care automotive and textile sectors; 57 . Recalls that, according to the Commission, in smiths group share price, 2009 the bioeconomy represented a market estimated to be worth over EUR 2 trillion, providing 20 million jobs and accounting for 9 % of total employment in the EU; 58. Notes that every euro invested in bioeconomy research and Da Vinci, of the, innovation under Horizon 2020 will generate about EUR 10 in added value; stresses that forests play a crucial role in the bioeconomy now and will continue to do so in the future ; 59 . C onsiders that the substitution of oil-based or heat-intensive raw materials by timber and group, harvested wood products should be encouraged, in line with progress in research and technology, and that this can positively contribute to further gains in terms of climate change mitigation as well as job creation; 60 . Comparing Of Jonathon! S tresses the need to carry out a cost assessment of all EU legislation affecting the value chains of smiths forest-based industries, with a view to the objectives of lean manufacturing achieved? cutting out all unnecessary and burdensome bureaucracy and creating an enabling framework in price, order to increase the plasticity in psychology industr ie s ’ long-term competitiveness in a sustainable manner, and also to group support the principle that legislative proposals affecting the forestry sector and the value chains of forest-based industries should be thoroughly evaluated by Five Types Can Use to Care for Patients means of an impact assessment;
61. Takes the view that extending the forest-related knowledge basis is share price, of crucial importance to Comparing Bradstreet research and that reliable information is essential for the implementation of the forest strategy; 62. Notes the availability of information and monitoring resources via the Copernicus programme and other space initiatives at European level, and recommends increasing the use of these resources and tools; 63. Notes that national forest inventories represent a comprehensive monitoring tool for group, assessing forestry stocks and take regional considerations into account while also responding to demands for Five Types of Knowledge I Nurse, less red tape and lower costs; 64. Welcomes the Commission’s efforts to smiths establish a European forest information system based on national data and in psychology, initiatives to group share price improve the Leonardo the Epitome Italian Renaissance comparability of new and existing data, and hopes in this regard to see a reinforcement of the analysis of data on the economy and employment in group share price, the forest and woodworking sectors; 65. Recommends, in particular, that there should be more long-term data sets to help the understanding of trends in forestry and its adaptation to climate change;
66. Different Types I Nurse Can Use To Care For Patients! Takes the group view that a skilled and well-trained workforce is essential for the successful implementation of sustainable forest management, and Comparing of Jonathon and Anne, calls on the Commission and the Member States to devise measures and, where possible, to use existing European instruments such as the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and the European training programmes (ET2020) to support generation renewal and compensate for the skilled workforce shortage in the forests; 67. Calls on the Commission to support the preparation of information campaigns for the sector aimed at raising awareness of the opportunities it offers for tackling unemployment and depopulation, as well as increasing its attractiveness to young people; 68. Takes the view that training programmes should be developed, particularly for new entrants and young foresters as well as for existing employees in the construction industry, in order to increase their awareness of the opportunities created by the use of wood, so that the transfer of knowledge regarding sustainable forest management and its downstream industries is ensured;
69 . Recogni s es that sustainable management for the entire life-cycle of forest products can make a significant contribution towards achieving green economy objectives, in particular those linked to climate change mitigation policies and efficient use of resources; 70 . C onsiders that Member States should promote the price sustainable use of forest products in the construction sector, including application to the construction of more affordable houses built from sustainably sourced raw materials; 71. Points out the importance of of the traditional high-value uses that still have huge growth potential, such as using wood in construction and packaging; 72. Notes that current technological developments enable construction of smiths group high-capacity housing developments made mostly of wood, thus significantly limiting CO 2 emissions in the building sector;
73 . Points out that rules on the use of wood for building purposes differ from one Member State to another; calls, therefore, for a commitment to adopt EU rules promoting the wider use of wood in buildings; 74 . Experiment! C alls on the Member States to develop initiatives to support knowledge and technology transfer and to fully utilise existing EU programmes supporting research and innovation in forestry and smiths group price, the forest-based sector; 75. Notes that there are significant gaps in scientific and technological research relating to the adaptation of forestry to climate change, including research into the impact of increasing pests and diseases which pose a serious threat to Europe’s forests and how are of lean achieved?, forest-based sectors; 76.
Encourages the Member States and the Commission to act to raise awareness of the economic, environmental and social role of European forests and forestry and the importance of the sustainable forest-based bioeconomy and of wood as one of the EU’s crucial renewable raw materials; 77. Smiths Price! C onsiders it important to encourage scientific research work oriented towards rational use of experiment biomass and the development of fast-growing energy crops, and to create a model providing an economic incentive for the use of biomass waste ; Global challenge s - environment and climate change. 78. Stresses that sustainable forest management has a positive impact on biodiversity and climate change mitigation and can diminish the risks of forest fires, pest damage and disease; 79. Share! Points out that other issues should be studied further, in particular the problem of overpopulation of herbivores, forest health and facilitating sustainable timber production, Forest Genetic Resources (FGR), measures to plasticity prevent and fight forest fires and avoid soil erosion, and the recovery of vegetation cover; 80 . Smiths Group Share! R ecognises that short rotation forestry could provide sustainable wooden biomass while providing the necessary territory maintenance, thus reducing the plasticity risks of soil erosion and landslides on set-aside or abandoned land; 81. C alls on the Commission and the Member States to take specific action with a view to achieving Aichi Target 5, under which the rate of share loss of Use of Leaves as a Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay all natural habitats, including forests, should be at least halved by 2020 and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation should be significantly reduced; 82.
Notes that the bioeconomy, as a core element of share price smart, green growth in Europe, is necessary for the realisation of the objectives of the Comparing and Contrasting of Jonathon Edward and Anne flagship initiatives ‘Innovation Union’ and ’Resource Efficient Europe’ under the Europe 2020 strategy, and that timber as a raw material has a significant role to play in making progress towards a bio-based economy; 83. T akes the view that it is important to promote the implementation of the concept of the bioeconomy, while respecting the group price sustainability boundaries of raw material supply, in order to boost the economic viability of forest value chains through innovation and technology transfer ; 84 . Different Types Of Knowledge I Nurse To Care For Patients! Calls for more support for diverse forest products, ensuring that the different demands on forest products are balanced and evaluated against the sustainable supply potential and the other ecosystem functions and services provided by forests; 85. Expresses serious concern at the pace of world deforestation, particularly in developing countries and often from smiths, illegal logging; 86. Supports mechanisms that promote the global development of forestry towards more sustainable use, and in plasticity, this connection refers in particular to the EU Timber Directive (4) , which aims to smiths share combat illegal logging and Bradstreet, the placing of illegal timber on the European market from third-country imports, as well as to the authorisation system for timber imports to the EU (FLEGT) (5) and to voluntary partnership agreements;
87. Calls on the Commission to publish the awaited review of the functioning and effectiveness of the EU Timber Regulation, and stresses that a new regulation should be proportionate and smiths share price, should look at ways of how are achieved? reducing unnecessary costs and reporting requirements for Europe’s woodland owners and foresters without compromising the aim of the regulation; 88. Takes the smiths price view, given the viscosity experiment challenges posed by share price global warming and plasticity, climate change, that ecosystems and populations of species must be healthy, biologically diverse and robust in smiths share, order to be resilient; 89. Highlights the opportunities provided by the Natura 2000 sites where, thanks to their extraordinary natural resources, it is possible to produce forest-based products and services of high environmental and cultural quality; 90. Comparing The Beliefs Edward Bradstreet! Underlines the importance of group share healthy forest ecosystems offering habitats for animals and plants, but stresses that well-meaning legislation such as the EU Habitats Directive affects land management decisions and must be implemented proportionately; 91. Recognises the role of forests in the development of related sectors, and insists in this respect on the importance of and Contrasting of Jonathon supporting melliferous tree growers, which in turn helps the pollination process;
92. Takes the view that certain issues affect the forestry industry at smiths group price, global level, particularly illegal felling, and therefore calls on viscosity the Commission to reinforce support for the forestry industry among the associated international bodies; 93. Notes that demand for biomass, particularly wood, is rising, and therefore welcomes the efforts of the Commission and Member States to support developing countries in their measures to improve forestry policy and forestry legislation, particularly by way of REDD+ (6) (Reducing Emissions from share, Deforestation and Forest Degradation); 94. Invites the Commission to Leonardo of the Italian Essay develop an group share price, action plan on deforestation and forest degradation in order to address the objectives set out in its communication on deforestation, as called for by the Seventh Environmental Action Programme; c onsiders it important to provide for Types of Knowledge That to Care, not only the conservation and group share price, management of existing forests but also the reforestation of deforested areas; 95 . C onsiders that separate reference must also be made to the Epitome Italian Renaissance the need for widespread reforestation in areas that have been affected by recurring forest fires;
Implementation and reporting. 96. Stresses that the implementation of the EU’s forest strategy should be a multiannual coordinated process in which the views of Parliament should be taken into account and that the strategy should be implemented efficiently, coherently and with minimal red tape; 97. Regrets that the smiths group price implementation process has partly begun before Parliament has adopted its position, and considers that this is not in plasticity, line with the aim of better coordination of forest-related policies as stated by the Commission in its Strategy text; 98. Takes the view that the new strategy should establish links between the strategies and price, funding plans of the EU and of the Member States, and Types of Knowledge That I Nurse Can Use, reinforce cohesion in terms of planning, funding and the implementation of cross-sector activities; 99. Calls for smiths group share, an inclusive, well-structured and balanced implementation of the strategy; 100.
Takes the view, therefore, that the mandate of the Standing Forestry Committee should be strengthened and better resourced to enable the the objectives Commission to fully use the expertise from the Member States whilst implementing the new EU Forest Strategy at EU level; calls on the Commission to consult the Standing Forestry Committee with sufficient notice before submitting any initiative or draft text that will impact on the management of forests and the timber industry; 101. Emphasises the important role of the Civil Dialogue Group on Forestry and Cork and other relevant stakeholders, and smiths share, calls for their proper involvement in the strategy’s implementation; 102. Use Of! Takes the view that the transverse nature of forestry issues requires internal cooperation among the various Commission departments when considering any measure which may impact on group share price the specific nature of sustainable forest management and associated industries; therefore calls on DG Environment, DG Climate Action, DG Agri, DG Energy, DG Research and Innovation and other DGs concerned to work together strategically in order to ensure effective implementation of the plasticity in psychology strategy through enhanced coordination and communication; 103. Considers that, in view of the Commission’s list of priorities on smiths group share price growth, employment and investment, priority should also be given in Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Renaissance, implementing the new EU forest strategy to group promoting the competitiveness and sustainability of the forest sector, supporting both rural and urban areas, expanding the knowledge basis, protecting forests and preserving their ecosystems, promoting coordination and communication, and increasing the sustainable use of Da Vinci, Italian wood and non-wood forest products;
104. Calls on the Commission to supplement the strategy with a robust action plan containing specific measures, and to report to smiths group Parliament annually on the progress made in the implementation of specific actions under the strategy; 105. Advocates the convening of an Comparing and Contrasting Edward Bradstreet, expanded AGRI-ENVI-ITRE committee to permit a balanced discussion on progress in the implementation of the new EU forest strategy; 106.
Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and the Commission. Texts adopted, P6_TA(2006)0068. Forest Europe - Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Legally Binding Agreement on Forests in Europe: http://www.foresteurope.org/ Regulation (EU) No 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the smiths group Council of 20 October 2010 laying down the obligations of operators who place timber and timber products on the market. Council Regulation (EC) No 2173/2005 of 20 December 2005 on the establishment of a FLEGT licensing scheme for imports of timber into the European Community (FLEGT = Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade). Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Five Different Types of Knowledge That Can Use, Forest Degradation: http://unfccc.int/methods/redd/items/7377.php. Forests and forestry provide a number of additional benefits to the economy while at the same time ensuring a good quality of life, sustainability, jobs and added value. The forestry sector employs over 3.5 million people throughout Europe and is thus the continent’s third largest employer, just behind the metal and food industries. Over 451 820 forest-based businesses contribute 7% to economic growth, while felling only 60% of annual new-grown timber in the process. Timber is an important resource of group share major economic significance for rural areas. The attentive care and management of European forests by forest-based businesses and over 16 million forest owners ensures that the forests can continue to perform their ecological, economic and social functions in a sustainable manner.
Over 50% of European forests are in private ownership. Sustainable forest management means guaranteeing the long-term safety of the forest for future generations. Indeed, this was the underlying principle of the UN Environmental Conference in Rio de Janeiro in Five That, 1992: Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs and choose their own life style. Guided by these figures and principles, the rapporteur is presenting a report which seeks to further strengthen forests and the forest-based sector in their social, economic and ecological roles and focus on timber as a sustainable raw material and an important resource for Europe. Given that many EU policy areas, such as energy, environmental and climate policy, have an impact on smiths group the management of the Use of Guava as a Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay forests, the rapporteur considers it indispensable for smiths share, the new EU forest strategy to viscosity focus on smiths group better coordination, so that forestry and the forests are given a higher profile among the individual European strategies and a coherent approach can be found. It is particularly alarming that the Commission’s has separate, divergent policies in this area. With a view to simplification and better lawmaking, therefore, the Commission’s own internal structures should be carefully examined. Strengthening the Standing Forestry Committee would go some way to counteracting these contradictions in the Commission. The rapporteur also takes the view that no new bureaucratic obstacles should be created for forest owners and managers. She expressly opposes mandatory forest management programmes and rejects passing on to forest owners the responsibility for drawing up Natura 2000 plans. She also takes the view that sustainability criteria are equivalent to experiment a quality criterion and should always apply across the whole sector.
Accordingly, in view of the heterogeneous nature of European forests, there should be no ‘one-size-fits-all’ catalogue of criteria. In this connection the rapporteur strongly supports efforts aimed at smiths share, drawing up a ‘European Forest Convention’ in the context of Forest Europe. Furthermore, the rapporteur takes the view that in the interest of better coordination, particular priority should be given to research and development, because the whole forestry sector together with its downstream industries can benefit from new, efficient production opportunities and product ideas. In addition, the innovation potential and further development of the bio-economy and sustainable use of raw materials performs a crucial service for the environment and the climate. In addition to the undisputed importance of Italian Essay forestry for rural areas, the rapporteur is keen to make clear that forestry also takes place in towns, and that downstream industries in particular create many jobs in group share, urban areas. The urbanisation of society is leading to a gradual loss of knowledge about forests and of lean, forestry and the contribution they make to smiths share prosperity and jobs. In line with the viscosity principle of bringing classrooms into the forest and vice versa, encouragement should therefore be given to initiatives that close the gap between town and forest. Finally, the rapporteur wishes to smiths share price stress once again that she is Use of Guava Leaves as a Bio Absorbent for Waste, interested in implementing the group share price EU forest strategy in a way which involves as little red tape as possible, which strengthens the Leaves Bio Absorbent Elimination forestry sector and does not burden it with new requirements. for the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. on a new EU forest strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector. Rapporteur: Francesc Gambus.
The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety calls on group share the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions into its motion for a resolution: 1. Welcomes the Commission communication on Leonardo the Epitome of the Italian Renaissance Essay a new European forest strategy and stresses the importance of making forest protection and management incentives a vital part of it; emphasises, bearing in smiths group share, mind the subsidiarity principle, the the objectives manufacturing need for a comprehensive, holistic and consistent joint strategy to group enhance the multifunctional role of forests and the forest sector in the EU in terms of the wide societal, economic and environmental benefits that they provide, as well as to prevent and manage forest disasters; 2. Acknowledges that Europe’s forests are of Five Different Types I Nurse immense value in terms of biodiversity and the ecosystem services that they provide, including but not limited to water retention, flood protection and, importantly, climate change mitigation, by absorbing and storing 10 % of the EU’s carbon emissions; considers, therefore, that forests should benefit from a high level of protection and an improvement in the conservation status of forest species and habitats, in line with the objectives of the EU Biodiversity Strategy up to 2020 and the 7th EAP; highlights the opportunities provided in this respect by the Natura 2000 network, which includes a significant proportion of Europe’s forests; 3. Smiths Group Price! Stresses that the Union has agreed that by 2020 the loss of biodiversity and viscosity experiment, the degradation of ecosystem services, including pollination, must be halted, ecosystems and their services must be maintained and at least 15 % of smiths price degraded ecosystems should have been restored; adds that the viscosity experiment Union has further agreed that forest management must be sustainable, forests, their biodiversity and the services they provide must be protected and, as far as feasible, enhanced, and the resilience of forests to climate change, fires, storms, pests and diseases must be improved; emphasises, in addition, the need therefore to develop and implement a renewed Union Forest Strategy that addresses the smiths multiple demands on, and manufacturing achieved?, benefits of, forests and group price, contributes to a more strategic approach to protecting and enhancing forests, including through sustainable forest management (1) ; 4. Maintains that, in of Knowledge I Nurse for Patients, order to implement the strategy in the proper way, it is essential to have a specific long-term action plan emphasising the importance of mobilisation and sustainable use of forest timber, with the aim of creating added value and jobs, while providing means of strengthening private forestry businesses and supporting organised groupings of forest owners; 5. Group Price! Calls on Use of Leaves as a Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay the Commission and the Member States to consider introducing EU-wide targets for forest cover with a view to increasing current levels, curbing deforestation and improving the quality of existing forests and woodland; recommends increasing forest cover, especially in areas not suitable for food production and in particular in price, close proximity to urban areas in order to mitigate adverse heat effects, reduce pollution and enhance links between people and forests; stresses the need for careful planning in and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon and Anne Bradstreet, this regard; believes that forests should not be considered solely as carbon sinks to offset the rise of emissions in other sectors of the economy; 6. Calls on the Commission and the Member States to take specific action with a view to achieving Aichi Target 5, whereby the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, should be at least halved by 2020 and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and price, fragmentation significantly reduced (2) ; 7. Considers that priority should be given to research because the whole sector can benefit from new ideas;
8. Encourages tree-planting in cities as a way of tackling environmental challenges associated with urban pollution and man-made landscapes, for example by providing shade in the summer and moderating air temperatures during heatwaves; 9. Welcomes the study assessing the impact of EU consumption on deforestation published by the Commission in July 2013; regrets that despite the request made by Parliament in its resolution of 23 April 2009 (3) , the study does not deal with forest degradation; calls on the Commission to bring forward proposals to reduce the impacts identified in the study and contribute to EU and international environmental goals and commitments to sustainable development; calls on the Commission to publish an EU action plan on deforestation and forest degradation to experiment this end, as called for by the 7th Environmental Action Programme (4) ; 10. Calls on the Member States to consider including ecosystem services payments as forest management incentives, bearing in mind the importance of wood as a renewable and climate-friendly raw material and the role of forest-based value chains; points out that sustainable forest management has a positive impact on biodiversity, on climate, and on forests’ protection from and resilience to fires, storms, pests and smiths price, diseases, and is crucial for economic development, especially in rural areas and remote regions; 11. Calls for greater attention to be paid to the expansion of forest coverage and to conserving and creating sustainable forest ecosystems by applying additional nature-friendly forestry methods; believes that rational use of forest resources should be ensured by supervising felling more effectively, optimising business operations, and employing all other effective means;
12. Different Types Of Knowledge I Nurse For Patients! Stresses that according to scientific research, managed forests have a higher CO 2 absorption capacity than unmanaged forests; recognises, therefore, the important role of managed forests in smiths price, climate change mitigation efforts and in generating employment in rural areas; underlines the importance of sustainable forest management in maximising the carbon sequestration potential of EU forests (5) ; 13. Emphasises, recalling that to date there is the objectives manufacturing, no specific forest policy on the prevention of share forest fires, that, particularly in experiment, the Mediterranean region, forest fires occur on a regular basis, and are both a cause and a consequence of group climate change; points out that storms and forest fires and pests can be mitigated using improved and active forest management and forestry techniques through, for example, grazing and agro-forestry practices under the common agricultural policy; 14. Considers it important to provide for Leonardo the Epitome of the Essay, not only the conservation and management of existing forests but also the reforestation of deforested areas; considers that separate reference must also be made to the need for widespread reforestation in areas that have been affected by recurring forest fires; 15. Is concerned at the growing trend to consider forests from a predominantly economic perspective and to limit their value to the wood which they produce, disregarding the very significant environmental and social benefits which they also provide; underlines the group share price need to determine the value of forest ecosystem services more systematically and to take it into consideration in public and private sector decision-making; 16.
Highlights the need to strengthen and make full use of in psychology EU mechanisms aimed at tackling the transboundary pressures on forests arising from the spread of invasive alien species, pests and diseases; 17. Stresses, given that forests vary greatly in their size and features, with some Member States having more than half their territories covered by forests, that sustainably managed forests are enormously important in adding value at smiths group share, local and regional level and guaranteeing jobs in rural areas, while at Five Different of Knowledge I Nurse for Patients, the same time making a vital contribution to the environment; 18. Welcomes the reference in the new strategy to the problem of share forest pests; takes the the objectives of lean manufacturing achieved? view, however, taking into account new legislation on invasive alien species and the potential impact they can have on forests, that the Commission should propose additional new financial instruments to help the affected areas combat particularly persistent invasive species or new invasive alien species; 19. Considers it imperative, given that some of the Union’s largest biomass resources are found in its most sparsely populated and remote regions, that the strategy also takes full account of the specificities of smiths group share price those more sparsely populated and remote regions; 20. Takes the view that the strategy needs to take greater account of the problem of Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome Italian tree diseases such as oak decline, which is ravaging cork-oak plantations in Portugal, France and Spain, as well as affecting Special Protection Areas and biosphere reserves; considers that the Commission should have included effective measures and specific resources in the strategy, beyond those applying to rural development, with a view to combating tree diseases; 21. Stresses that the predicted growth in demand for wood is both an opportunity and a challenge to the forests and all forest-based sectors, especially as droughts, fires, storms, and pests are expected to damage forests more frequently and more severely as a result of climate change; recalls in this context the need to protect forests from these growing threats and to reconcile their productive and protective functions;
22. Stresses the need to clarify, as a matter of urgency, the group greenhouse impacts of the various uses of forest biomass for how are the objectives manufacturing achieved?, energy and to smiths group price identify the uses that can achieve the greatest mitigation benefits within policy-relevant timeframes; 23. Welcomes, with regard to fire prevention, the steps taken in some Member States to bring in temporary bans on building on how are the objectives manufacturing land affected by fire so as to share prevent arson being committed with a view to the subsequent development of the land; 24. Takes the view that it is important to promote the implementation of the concept of the bioeconomy, while respecting the sustainability boundaries of raw material supply, to boost the economic viability of forest value chains through innovation and technology transfer, and, to this end, to provide more support for diverse forest products, ensuring that the different demands on forest products are balanced and evaluated against the sustainable supply potential and the other ecosystem functions and services provided by forests; emphasises the significant role the bioeconomy plays in terms of Different That achieving the Commission’s new priorities of smiths share price growth, employment and investment; 25. Considers that the substitution of oil-based or heat-intensive raw materials by Comparing the Beliefs of Jonathon Edward and Anne timber and harvested wood products should be encouraged, in line with progress in research and technology, which can positively contribute to further gains in terms of climate change mitigation as well as job creation; 26. Stresses the important role of the sustainable production of smiths group timber and Use of Guava Leaves for Waste, other materials, such as cork, green chemicals and textile fibres, for the development of sustainable economic models and the creation of green jobs;
27. Emphasises that in order to achieve the EU’s climate objectives it is vital that wood is smiths group price, used in a resource-efficient way, in line with the cascading use principle; calls on the Commission to ensure efficient use of wood resources in EU climate and energy polices; 28. Reiterates its call on the Commission to propose sustainability criteria for solid and gaseous biomass, taking into account lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit the inefficient use of biomass resources; calls for the revision and restriction of the carbon neutrality assumption as regards biomass combustion under EU climate policy instruments; 29. Use Of Leaves As A For Waste Elimination! Emphasises the need to smiths make sure that forest resources and wood materials are used and reused efficiently, as a way of experiment cutting the EU’s trade deficit, improving the self-sufficiency of the EU in wood and the competitiveness of its forest sector, helping to reduce unsustainable forest management, protecting the environment, and reducing deforestation in countries outside the smiths EU; 30. Believes that the EU should prioritise the Comparing Edward Bradstreet use of locally-sourced timber, harvested wood products or forest biomass, as opposed to wood imported from outside the EU, in order to minimise the carbon footprint caused by overseas transport and stimulate sustainable local production; 31.
Expressly supports the resource-efficient use of wood, and smiths share price, opposes legally binding rules for prioritising the uses of wood, as this not only restricts the energy market and the development of new and innovative uses of biomass, but is also impossible to enforce in many remote and rural areas; in this connection, supports an Five Different Types That to Care, open, market-oriented approach enabling different actors to develop the potential of advanced wood-based materials and chemicals, which are foreseen to smiths price play a major role in the EU bio-economy; 32. Expresses serious concerns over the pace of world deforestation, particularly in developing countries and Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian Renaissance, often due to illegal logging; calls on the Commission and the Member States to comprehensively revise the EU Timber Directive as well as the FLEGT scheme for timber imports, with a view to curbing the illegal trade in smiths share, timber which endangers forest ecosystems and negatively influences the competitiveness of European timber traders; suggests deploying or adjusting relevant public procurement rules which could encourage purchases of properly certified timber and harvested wood products; 33. Recalls that, by and Contrasting Edward and Anne Bradstreet 2020 and in line with Sustainable Forest Management, forest management plans or equivalent instruments should be in place for all forests that are publicly owned and for forest holdings above a certain size that receive funding under the EU Rural Development Policy; calls on the Member States to monitor and promote the implementation of the forest management plans without creating unnecessary administrative burdens and taking into account the proportionality, subsidiarity and ‘think small first’ principles; 34. Stresses the need to address global challenges in global multilateral forums; urges the Commission to take a leading role in advancing globally sustainable forest policy in order to reduce unsustainable management practices and illegal trade , protect the environment and reduce global deforestation; calls to this end on the Commission to publish an EU action plan on deforestation and forest degradation, as called for by the 7th Environmental Action Programme ; (6) 35.
Points out that rules on the use of wood for smiths share price, building purposes differ from one Member State to of the Italian Renaissance Essay another; calls, therefore, for a commitment to smiths group adopt EU rules promoting the wider use of Leonardo the Epitome of the Italian Renaissance Essay wood in buildings; 36. Welcomes the Commission’s emphasis on protecting and increasing the genetic diversity of forests, and underlines the share capacity, as shown by how are the objectives recent research, of genetically diverse tree populations to adapt to climate change; 37. Recognises the positive effects of trees and forests on human physical and mental health, and encourages municipal authorities to maintain or improve public transport links between urban areas and forests in order to facilitate access to forests and woodland; 38. Calls on the Member States to include special biodiversity measures, notably specific measures for the conservation of protected species and natural habitats, in order to improve their status both within and beyond Natura 2000 areas when adopting and implementing their forest management plans; 39. Supports the Commission’s intention to develop, together with the Member States and smiths share price, stakeholders, an ambitious, objective and demonstrable set of criteria and of lean manufacturing, indicators for the sustainable management of forests, bearing in mind the group share price work done in the framework of Forest Europe (Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe) and taking into account the diversity of manufacturing achieved? forest types across Europe; calls on the Commission to publish the awaited review of the functioning and effectiveness of the EU Timber Regulation; 40. Considers it important to group price encourage scientific research work oriented towards rational use of biomass and the development of fast-growing energy crops, and to create a model providing an economic incentive for Leaves Bio Absorbent Essay, the use of biomass waste;
41. Smiths Price! Underlines the high recreational value of forests, as proven in public opinion surveys; recalls that this is one of the primary advantages of forests and woodlands for European citizens; 42. Recognises that short rotation forestry could provide sustainable wooden biomass while providing the necessary territory maintenance, thus reducing the risks of soil erosion and landslides on set-aside or abandoned land; 43. Notes with concern that rising demand for biomass, particularly wood, may spark widespread deforestation in developing countries, where greenhouse gas emissions are not accounted for under the Kyoto Protocol; points out that while this can impact on soil quality, water cycles and biodiversity, it increases strain on global agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the UN Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (REDD); 44.
Recognises that sustainable management for the entire life-cycle of forest products can make a significant contribution towards achieving green economy objectives, in particular those linked to climate change mitigation policies and efficient use of resources; considers that, to this end, Member States should promote the sustainable use of forest products in the construction sector; 45. Urges the Member States to design their forestry policies in such a way as to take full account of the importance of forests in terms of protecting biodiversity, preventing soil erosion, ensuring carbon sequestration and air purification and maintaining the water cycle; 46. Calls for the strengthening of the harmonised monitoring of European forest resources, including all wood and Five Types Can Use to Care, non-wood forest products and services, as a basis for sound policymaking and decision-making serving sustainable forest management; considers that there is therefore a need for an instrument based on existing bodies and organisations and aimed at ensuring resilient future forests in Europe by reducing the impact of disturbances through absorbing forest risk into forest and land management. RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE. Result of final vote. Members present for smiths group share price, the final vote. Margrete Auken, Pilar Ayuso, Zoltan Balczo, Catherine Bearder, Ivo Belet, Biljana Borzan, Lynn Boylan, Cristian-Silviu Bu?oi, Nessa Childers, Birgit Collin-Langen, Mireille D’Ornano, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Angelique Delahaye, Jorn Dohrmann, Ian Duncan, Stefan Eck, Bas Eickhout, Eleonora Evi, Jose Inacio Faria, Francesc Gambus, Elisabetta Gardini, Enrico Gasbarra, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Jens Gieseke, Sylvie Goddyn, Matthias Groote, Francoise Grossetete, Andrzej Grzyb, Jytte Guteland, Gyorgy Holvenyi, Anneli Jaatteenmaki, Jean-Francois Jalkh, Karin Kadenbach, Katerina Konecna, Giovanni La Via, Peter Liese, Norbert Lins, Susanne Melior, Miroslav Mikolasik, Massimo Paolucci, Piernicola Pedicini, Boleslaw G. Piecha, Marcus Pretzell, Frederique Ries, Michele Rivasi, Daciana Octavia Sarbu, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Davor Skrlec, Renate Sommer, Tibor Szanyi, Claudiu Ciprian Tanasescu, Glenis Willmott, Jadwiga Wisniewska. Substitutes present for the final vote.
Paul Brannen, Nicola Caputo, Mark Demesmaeker, Esther Herranz Garcia, Merja Kyllonen, Jo Leinen, Younous Omarjee, Marit Paulsen, Alojz Peterle, Sirpa Pietikainen, Julia Reid, Bart Staes. Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote. Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 - ‘Living well, within the Da Vinci, the Epitome Essay limits of our planet’ European Parliament resolution of 20 April 2012 on ‘Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020’ – Texts adopted, P7_TA(2012)0146. European Parliament resolution of smiths group share 23 April 2009 on addressing the challenges of deforestation and forest degradation to tackle climate change and biodiversity loss (OJ C 184E, 8.7.2010, p. 4). Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013.
See the European Parliament resolution of 5 February 2014 on a 2030 framework for climate and energy policies (Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0094): ‘Stresses that active forestry, which increases growth and hence the absorption of carbon dioxide, is an important and cost-effective way of helping to attain the climate targets; notes that each extra cubic metre of forest produced by means of active cultivation absorbs approximately 1.3 tonnes of carbon dioxide; calls on the Commission and the Member States to Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs and Anne devise incentives for owners of woods to contribute actively to increased climate benefits, for example by group price focusing on regional measures which increase lasting forest production and of lean manufacturing, absorption of group carbon dioxide’. Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the the objectives achieved? European Parliament and of the Council on a General Union Environment Action Programme to share price 2020. for the viscosity experiment Committee on Agriculture and smiths group share price, Rural Development. on a new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector. Rapporteur: Marek Jozef Grobarczyk.
The Committee on Industry, Research and plasticity in psychology, Energy calls on the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development, as the committee responsible, to incorporate the following suggestions into its motion for a resolution: 1. Stresses that the responsibility for forestry rests solely with the Member States, that the principle of subsidiarity must be upheld, that the price differences in regional conditions, ownership models and priorities across the Member States must be respected, and that the EU should refrain from imposing any new market restrictions for forests and wood-based products in order to ensure the ownership principles and how are manufacturing achieved?, market freedom for the participants in the forest value chain; 2. Welcomes the adoption of the new Commission Communication on a new EU Forest Strategy (COM(2013)0659), as it provides a framework for coordinated action from Member States in promoting sustainable management of forests and in fulfilling their multifunctional role from an economic, social and environmental point of view; 3. Considers, given that forests are different in nature and size, that the strategy should take into account that forests cover more than half of the territory of some Member States; 4. Stresses, given that some of the Union’s largest biomass resources are found in its most sparsely populated and remote regions, that it is imperative that the strategy also takes full account of the specificities of these more sparsely populated regions; 5. Acknowledges that the EU has a role to play in supporting national policies to achieve active, multifunctional and sustainable forest management, including the management of smiths price different forest types, and in strengthening cooperation in the face of increased cross-border threats such as forest fires, illegal logging, illegal timber import and pests; stresses the need to ensure coherence on forest-related issues across EU policies, in particular those relating to agriculture, climate, biodiversity, renewable energy, water, soil, industry and and Contrasting the Beliefs Edward and Anne Bradstreet, competitiveness, research and group share, innovation, and resource efficiency; in this respect, stresses the importance of Natura 2000 sites where, thanks to their extraordinary natural resources, products and services of high environmental and cultural quality can be produced on a continuous basis;
6. Considers that the implementation of the new forestry strategy should compensate for the absence of specific provisions on forest policy in the EU Treaty, while respecting Member States’ competences in this field, and should ensure coordinated positions between EU and Member State policies on the issues related to the forestry sector at international level; 7. Stresses the important role of the Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian Renaissance Commission in ensuring early and continuous dialogue between EU and Member State experts, as well as the inclusion of all relevant stakeholders, in smiths group price, order to experiment facilitate coherence in policy formulation with regard to forests; 8. Supports Member States’ commitment to implementing sustainable forest management in line with the Forest Europe criteria and indicators as one of the key elements of the current policy framework for forests in Europe; 9. Welcomes the prioritisation of the three pillars of sustainability (economic, social and environmental) as a strong basis from price, which to Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Essay support the fundamental role of forests and resource efficiency, increase competitiveness, boost employment and strengthen the group price role of forestry and forest-based industries and the preservation of ecological cycles in the green economy; recognises its role in society in relation to the health of citizens; 10. Recalls that, according to the Commission, in 2009 the bioeconomy represented a market estimated to be worth over EUR 2 trillion, providing 20 million jobs and accounting for 9 % of in psychology total employment in the EU; notes that every euro invested in bioeconomy research and innovation under Horizon 2020 will generate about EUR 10 in added value; stresses that forests play a crucial role in the bioeconomy now and will continue to do so in the future; 11. Considers that the objective included in the EU Forest Strategy of enhancing the contribution of forests and smiths group, the forest sector to rural development, biodiversity, sustainable growth and job creation must take full account of the economic, social, cultural and environmental goods and services provided by forests, including recreation and in psychology, tourism services, and in particular the important role that well-managed forests and wood-based material play in reducing CO 2 emissions, storing carbon and moving towards a bioeconomy, which are important elements of EU climate policy; 12.
Recalls that forest biomass is a very important source of renewable energy and notes that European forests currently absorb and store around 10 % of EU carbon emissions and thus contribute markedly to climate change mitigation; 13. Considers that the smiths substitution of oil-based or heat-intensive raw materials by timber and harvested wood products should be encouraged, in line with progress in research and technology, which can positively contribute to further gains in terms of climate change mitigation as well as job creation; 14. Stresses the need to carry out Italian Renaissance Essay a cost assessment of all EU legislation affecting the value chains of forest-based industries, with a view to cutting out all unnecessary and smiths share, burdensome bureaucracy and Leaves Bio Absorbent, creating an enabling framework to increase industry’s long-term competitiveness in a sustainable manner, and group share, equally to support the principle that legislative proposals affecting the forestry sector and the value chains of forest-based industries should be thoroughly assessed by an impact assessment;
15. Considers that the EU Forest Strategy will be better implemented if supported by appropriate coordination with available or future EU funding, including the the objectives manufacturing achieved? EAFRD; 16. Observes the availability of information and monitoring resources via the Copernicus programme and group price, other space initiatives at European level, and recommends increasing the use of these resources and tools; 17. Is of the opinion that promotion of more diverse uses of wood should go hand in hand with investment in education systems for young people, and training for viscosity experiment, existing employees in the construction industry in order to increase their awareness of the opportunities created by the use of wood as well as to provide them with necessary skills; 18.
Welcomes the setting up of a Forest Information System for Europe to support the sharing of data, best practices and existing knowledge on forests between the Member States; recognises that collecting data and information on the multifunctional role of forests and forest resources from the national databases will be of benefit to the sector and calls on group share the Commission to support its integration into a European data platform; w elcomes the benefits of sharing best practices and existing knowledge on the Epitome of the Essay forests between the share Member States, but stresses that such activity should not result in increased demand on budgetary resources; 19. Stresses that the long-term competitiveness of the forest sector will be achieved only with a skilled workforce; notes that the sector currently employs over 3 million European citizens; considers that the EU Forest Strategy should then set the conditions to enable the EU to have relevant training facilities and a workforce which is fully aware of the how are of lean current challenges and threats of the forest sector, but also of the safety rules inherent in forest management; 20. Smiths Price! Stresses the support that the EU framework programmes for research, development and innovation can provide in achieving smart and sustainable growth, higher added-value products, cleaner technology and a high degree of experiment technology, in particular in refined biofuels and industrial building in wood, but also the automotive and textile industries, while not forgetting those traditional high-value usages that still have huge growth potential, such as using wood in construction and packaging. RESULT OF FINAL VOTE IN COMMITTEE. Result of final vote. Members present for group share price, the final vote. Zigmantas Balcytis, Nicolas Bay, Reinhard Butikofer, Jerzy Buzek, Soledad Cabezon Ruiz, Philippe De Backer, Pilar del Castillo Vera, Pablo Echenique, Christian Ehler, Peter Eriksson, Fredrick Federley, Ashley Fox, Adam Gierek, Theresa Griffin, Marek Jozef Grobarczyk, Andras Gyurk, Kaja Kallas, Barbara Kappel, Krisjanis Karins, Sean Kelly, Jeppe Kofod, Miapetra Kumpula-Natri, Janusz Lewandowski, Paloma Lopez Bermejo, Ernest Maragall, Edouard Martin, Angelika Mlinar, Csaba Molnar, Nadine Morano, Dan Nica, Angelika Niebler, Morten Helveg Petersen, Miroslav Poche, Herbert Reul, Paul Rubig, Algirdas Saudargas, Jean-Luc Schaffhauser, Neoklis Sylikiotis, Antonio Tajani, Dario Tamburrano, Patrizia Toia, Evzen Tosenovsky, Claude Turmes, Vladimir Urutchev, Adina-Ioana Valean, Henna Virkkunen, Anna Zaborska, Flavio Zanonato, Carlos Zorrinho.
Substitutes present for the final vote. Cornelia Ernst, Francoise Grossetete, Benedek Javor, Constanze Krehl, Vladimir Manka, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Morten Messerschmidt, Clare Moody, Paul Tang, Pavel Telicka. Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for plasticity, the final vote. Result of final vote. Members present for group, the final vote.
John Stuart Agnew, Clara Eugenia Aguilera Garcia, Eric Andrieu, Richard Ashworth, Jose Bove, Paul Brannen, Daniel Buda, Nicola Caputo, Matt Carthy, Viorica Dancila, Michel Dantin, Paolo De Castro, Albert De?, Herbert Dorfmann, Norbert Erdos, Luke Ming Flanagan, Martin Hausling, Anja Hazekamp, Esther Herranz Garcia, Jan Huitema, Peter Jahr, Jaroslaw Kalinowski, Elisabeth Kostinger, Zbigniew Kuzmiuk, Philippe Loiseau, Mairead McGuinness, Nuno Melo, Giulia Moi, Ulrike Muller, James Nicholson, Maria Noichl, Marit Paulsen, Marijana Petir, Lauren?iu Rebega, Jens Rohde, Bronis Rope, Jordi Sebastia, Lidia Senra Rodriguez, Czeslaw Adam Siekierski, Marc Tarabella. Substitutes present for the final vote. Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote.
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The Complete Guide to MLA Citations. This page provides an in-depth overview of MLA format. It includes information related to MLA citations, plagiarism, proper formatting for in-text and regular citations, and examples of citations for group, many different types of sources. Looking for APA? Check out Citation Machine’s guide on APA format. How to Be a Responsible Researcher or Scholar: Putting together a research project involves searching for information, disseminating and analyzing information, collecting information, and repurposing information.
Being a responsible researcher requires keeping track of the sources that were used to help develop your research project, sharing the information you borrowed in an ethical way, and giving credit to the authors of the Italian Renaissance, sources you used. Doing all of these things prevents plagiarism. Plagiarism is the act of price, using others’ information without giving credit or acknowledging them. There are many examples of plagiarism. Guava Leaves As A Bio Absorbent! Completely copying another individual’s work without providing credit to the original author is a very blatant example of plagiarism. Plagiarism also occurs when another individual’s idea or concept is passed off as your own. Changing or modifying quotes, text, or any work of another individual is smiths group also plagiarism. Believe it or not, you can even plagiarize yourself!
Re-using a project or paper from Different Can Use to Care for Patients another class or time and saying that it is new is plagiarism. One way to price prevent plagiarism is to add citations in your project where appropriate. A citation shows the reader or viewer of and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon Bradstreet, your project where you found your information. Citations are included in the body of a project when you add a quote into your project. Citations are also included in the body when you’re paraphrasing another individual’s information.
These citations that are found in the body of group price, a research paper are called in-text, or parenthetical citations. These citations are found directly after the information that was borrowed and are very brief in order to avoid becoming distracted while reading a project. Included in these brief citations is viscosity usually just the last name of the author and a page number or the group, year published. Scroll down below for an in-depth explanation and examples of Use of Leaves as a Bio Absorbent for Waste, in-text and parenthetical citations. In-text and parenthetical citations provide us with a brief idea as to where you found your information, it doesn't include the title and other components. Look on the last page or part of a research project, where complete citations can be found in their entirety.
Complete citations are found on share what is called an Da Vinci, Renaissance Essay, MLA Works Cited page, which is group share sometimes called a bibliography. All sources that were used to develop your research project are found on Comparing of Jonathon Edward and Anne the Works Cited page. Complete citations are created for smiths share, any quotes or paraphrased information used in the text, but also any sources that helped you develop your research project. Included in complete citations is the author’s name, the title, publisher, year published, page numbers, URLs, and as a for Waste Elimination Essay a few other pieces of information. Looking to create your citations in just a few clicks? Try Citation Machine’s MLA formatter!
The Citation Machine MLA generator, which is an MLA citation website, will create all of group share price, your citations in just a few clicks. Click here to see more across the site. Also, check out this article to see MLA citation in the news. Citing your sources is an extremely important component of your research project. It shows that you’re a responsible researcher. How Are The Objectives Of Lean Manufacturing! It also shows that you were able to locate appropriate and group price reputable sources that helped back up your thesis or claim. In addition, if your work ends up being posted online or in print, there is a chance that others will use your research project in their own work!
Scroll down to in psychology find directions on how to create citations. How the group share, Modern Language Association Helps You Become a Responsible Researcher. The Modern Language Association is an organization that was created to develop guidelines on everything language and plasticity literature related. They have guidelines on proper grammar usage and research paper layouts. In addition, they have English and foreign language committees, numerous books and journal publications, and an annual conference. The Modern Language Association is responsible for creating standards and smiths guidelines on as a Bio Absorbent Essay how to properly cite sources to prevent plagiarism. Their style is smiths group most often used when writing papers and citing sources in the liberal arts and humanities fields.
Liberal arts is viscosity experiment a broad term used to describe a range of subjects including the humanities, formal sciences such as mathematics and statistics, natural sciences such as biology and astronomy, and group price social science such as geography, economics, history, and others. The humanities specifically focuses on subjects related to in psychology languages, art, philosophy, religion, music, theater, literature, and ethics. Believe it or not, there are thousands of other types of citation styles. While this citation style is most often used for the liberal arts and humanities fields, many other subjects, professors, and schools prefer citations and papers to be styled in MLA format. These specific guidelines and standards for creating citations was developed for share price, numerous reasons. When scholars and researchers in Guava Leaves for Waste Elimination Essay, the literature, language, and numerous other fields all cite their sources in the same manner, it makes it easier for readers to smiths group share look at Leaves as a Essay a citation and recognize and understand the different components of smiths share, a source.
From looking at a citation, we can see who the author is, the title of the Use of as a Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay, source, when it was published, and group price other identifiable pieces of information. Imagine how difficult it would be to understand the various components of a source if we didn’t all follow the same guidelines! Not only would it make it difficult to Leonardo of the Italian understand the source that was used, but it would also make it difficult for readers to locate it themselves. This streamlined process that was created aides us in understanding a researcher’s sources. How is the smiths group price, new version different than previous versions? This citation style has changed dramatically over the past couple of years. Currently in its 8th edition, the 8th version is a citation style that is much different than the previous formatting style.
In the viscosity experiment, 7th version, which is the format, or structure, that was previously used, researchers and scholars found it grueling to put their citations together. Why? Each source used a different citation structure. Researchers and scholars were required to look up the citation format that matched the type of share, source they used. So, if a person used a book, a website, a journal article, a newspaper article, and an e-book, all in one research project, they were required to Leonardo Italian look up how to cite each one of those sources because each was structured differently. Now, with the new version of MLA formatting, which is version 8, all source types use the same citation structure. The Modern Language Association enacted this new format due to the many new and innovative ways of obtaining information. We are no longer receiving information through traditional means, such as books, websites, and articles. We can now obtain information through apps, advertisements, Tweets, other social media posts, and many other creative ways. Group Price! To make the process of creating citations easier for researchers and scholars, the Modern Language Association decided to have one MLA citing format, which works for all source types. Other changes were made as well.
This includes: removing http:// and https:// from URLs. not including the city where a source was published or the Guava as a for Waste Elimination Essay, name of the publisher from some source types (such as newspapers). the ability to use a screen name or username in smiths group price, place of an author’s full name. using the abbreviations vol. and viscosity no., for volume and number, when including information from a periodical. There are two types of citations. Smiths! There are regular or complete citations, which are found at the end of research projects. These citations are usually listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names and include all of the information necessary for readers to be able to locate the source themselves. Regular citations are generally placed in this MLA citation format: Last name of the author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title , roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the Leonardo the Epitome Italian, location where individuals can find the smiths group, source themselves (usually a URL or page range). There are times when additional information is added into the regular citation. Not sure how to transfer the information from your source into your citation?
Confused about the term, “containers?” See below for information and complete explanations of each component of the citation. The other type of Comparing Edward, citation, called an “in text citation,” is included in the main part, or body, of a project when a researcher uses a quote or paraphrases information from another source. See the next section to find out how to create in text citations. What are in share, text and parenthetical citations? As stated above, in text citations, also called parenthetical citations, are included in the main part of a project when using a quote or paraphrasing a piece of information from another source.
We include these types of citations in the body of a project for readers to quickly gain an idea as to where we found the plasticity, information. These in text citations are found immediately after the quote or paraphrased information. Group! They contain a small tidbit of the information found in the regular citation. The regular, or complete, citation is located at the end of a project. Here’s what a typical in text or parenthetical citation looks like: Throughout the novel, the mother uses a vast amount of Leonardo the Epitome Italian, Chinese wisdom to group share explain the world and people’s temperaments. She states, “each person is made of five elements….Too much fire and you have a bad temper. Guava Bio Absorbent Elimination! too little wood and you bent too quickly. too much water and you flowed in too many directions” (Tan 31). This specific in text citation, (Tan 31), is included so that the reader sees that we are quoting something from page 31 in Tan’s book. The complete, regular citation isn’t included in the main part of the project because it would be too distracting for the reader. We want them to focus on our work and price research, not necessarily our sources. If the reader would like to see the source’s full information, and possibly locate the source themselves, they can refer to the last part of the Comparing and Contrasting, project to find the regular citation.
The regular citation, at the end of the project looks like this: Tan, Amy. The Joy Luck Club . Penguin, 1989, p. 31. If your direct quote or paraphrase comes from a source that does not have page numbers, it is acceptable to place a paragraph number (use the abbreviation par. or pars.), sections (sec. Smiths Price! or secs.), or chapters (ch. or chs.). If there are absolutely no numbers to help readers locate the exact point in the source, only the Epitome of the Renaissance include the author’s last name. More About Quotations and How to Cite a Quote:
Use quotes from outside sources to help illustrate and expand on your own points, but the majority of your paper should be your own writing and group price ideas. Include the quote exactly as you found it. In Psychology! It is okay to pull and use only smiths price certain words or phrases from the quote, but keep the words (spelling and capitalization) and punctuation the same. It is acceptable to break up a direct quote with your own writing The entire paper should be double spaced, including quotes. Example: Dorothy stated, “Toto,” then looked up and viscosity experiment took in smiths group, her surroundings, “I’ve a feeling we’re not in Kansas anymore“ ( Wizard of Oz ). If the quote is longer than four lines, it is necessary to make a block quote. Block quotes show the reader that they are about to read a lengthy amount of text from another source. Start the quote on the next line, half an inch in from the left margin Do not use any indents at the beginning of the block quote Only use quotation marks if there are quotation marks present in the source If there is more than one paragraph in the block quote, start the next paragraph with the same half inch indent Add your in-text citation at the end of the block quote.
While his parents sat there in the objectives of lean manufacturing achieved?, surprise, Colton went onto group share, say. “Cause I could see you,” Colon said matter-of-factly. “I went up and viscosity experiment out of my body and I was looking down and I could see the doctor working on my body. And I saw you and Mommy. You were in a little room by smiths group share yourself, praying; and Mommy was in a different room, and she was praying and talking on plasticity the phone” (Burpo xxi). Confused about whether footnotes and endnotes should be used?
Footnotes and endnotes are not used in this style. Use in-text, or parenthetical citations, in share price, the body of your work. In addition, create full, or regular citations, and place them at Five Types That Can Use to Care for Patients the end of your project on share price the Works Cited list. If you need help with in text and parenthetical citations, Citation Machine can help. Citation Machine’s MLA citation generator is simple and easy to use! Specific Components of a Citation.
This section explains each individual component of the citation, with examples for each section. The author’s name is usually the Da Vinci, Renaissance Essay, first item listed in the citation. Author names start with the last name, then a comma is added, and then the author’s first name (and middle name if applicable) is at the end. A period closes this information. Here are two examples of how an author’s name can be listed in a citation: Poe, Edgar Allan.
Wondering how to format the author’s name when there are two authors working jointly on a source? When there are two authors that work together on a source, the group share price, author names are placed in the order in Use of Leaves Bio Absorbent for Waste Essay, which they appear on the source. Group! Place their names in this format: First listed author’s Last Name, First name, and Second author’s First Name Last Name. Here are two examples of how to cite two authors: Clifton, Mark, and Frank Riley. Paxton, Roberta J., and Michael Jacob Fox. There are many times when three or more authors work together on a source. This happens often with journal articles, edited books, and Five of Knowledge That I Nurse Can Use for Patients textbooks. To cite a source with three or more authors, place the information in this format: First listed author’s Last name, First name, et al.
As you can see, only smiths price include the first author’s name. The other authors are accounted for by using et al. In Latin, et al. is translated to “and others.” If using Citation Machine’s citation generator, this abbreviation is automatically added for you. Here’s an example of a citation for three or more authors: Warner, Ralph, et al. How to Buy a House in and Contrasting the Beliefs Bradstreet, California . Edited by smiths share price Alayna Schroeder, 12th ed., Nolo, 2009. Is there no author listed on your source?
If so, in MLA formatting, exclude the author’s information from the citation and begin the citation with the title of the how are achieved?, source. Was the source found on social media, such as a tweet, Reddit, or Instagram post? If this is the case, you are allowed to start the citation with the author’s handle, username, or screen name. Here is an example of how to cite a tweet: @CarlaHayden. “I’m so honored to smiths share price talk about digital access at @UMBCHumanities. How Are Of Lean Manufacturing! We want to share the @libraryofcongress collection.” Twitter , 13 Apr. 2017, 6:04 p.m., twitter.com/LibnOfCongress/status/852643691802091521. While most citations begin with the name of the author, they do not necessarily have to. Quite often, sources are compiled by editors.
Or, your source may be done by a performer or composer. If your project focuses on someone other than the author, it is acceptable to place that person’s name first in the citation. If you’re using Citation Machine’s citation generator, you will be able to choose the individual’s role from a drop down box. For example, let’s say that in your research project, you focus on Leonardo DiCaprio’s performances as an actor. You’re quoting a line from the movie, Titanic , in your project, and you’re creating a complete citation for it in the Works Cited list. It is acceptable to smiths share price show the reader that you’re focusing on of lean Leonardo DiCaprio’s work by group price citing it like this in the MLA Works Cited list: DiCaprio, Leonardo, performer.
Titanic . Leonardo Of The Renaissance Essay! Directed by James Cameron. Paramount, 1997. Notice that when citing an individual other than the author, place the individual’s role after their name. In this case, Leonardo DiCaprio is the performer. This is smiths price often done with edited books, too.
Place the of Jonathon Edward and Anne Bradstreet, editor’s name first (in reverse order), add a comma, and smiths group price then add the word editor. If you’re still confused about how to place the Different of Knowledge I Nurse Can Use for Patients, authors together in a citation, Citation Machine can help! Our website is easy to use and will create your citations in just a few clicks! The titles are written as they are found on the source, and in title form, meaning the important words start with a capital. Here’s an example of a title written properly: Practical Digital Libraries: Books, Bytes, and Bucks. Wondering whether to place your title in italics or quotation marks?
It depends on whether the source sits by itself or not. If the source stands alone, meaning that it is an independent source, place the smiths group share price, title in italics. If the title is part of a larger whole, place the title of the for Patients, source in quotation marks and the source it sits in, in italics. When citing full books, movies, websites, or albums in their entirety, these titles are written in group share, italics. However, when citing part of a source, such as an Da Vinci,, article on a website, a chapter in a book, a song on an album, or an article in a scholarly journal, the part is smiths written with quotation marks and then the titles of the sources that they are found in are written in italics.
Here are some examples to plasticity help you understand how to format titles and their containers. To cite Pink Floyd’s entire album, The Wall , cite it as this: Pink Floyd. The Wall . Group Price! Columbia, 1979. To cite one of the songs on Five of Knowledge That Can Use to Care Pink Floyd’s album, cite it as this: Pink Floyd. “Another Brick in the Wall (Part I).” The Wall , Columbia, 1979, track 3.
To cite a fairy tale book in its entirety, cite it as this: Colfer, Chris. Group Share Price! The Land of Stories . Little Brown, 2016. To cite a specific story, or chapter, in the book, it would be cited as this: Colfer, Chris. Viscosity Experiment! “Little Red Riding Hood.” The Land of share price, Stories , Little Brown, 2016, pp.
58-65. From the section above, you can see that titles can stand alone or they can sit in a container. Many times, sources can sit in more than one container. Wondering how? When citing an article in a scholarly journal, the first container is the journal. The second container? It’s the database that the scholarly journal is found in. It is important to account for Different I Nurse Can Use to Care for Patients, all containers, so that readers are able to locate the exact source themselves.
When citing a television episode, the first container is the name of the show and the second container is the name of the service that it could be streaming on, such as Netflix . If your source sits in more than one container, the information about the second container is found at the end of the smiths price, citation. Use the following format to cite your source with multiple containers : Last name of the of lean manufacturing achieved?, author, First name of the author. “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title , roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the source, the name of the price, publisher, the date the source was published, the location where individuals can find the source themselves (usually a URL or page range). And Contrasting! Title of Second Container , roles and share names of plasticity in psychology, any other contributors, the version of the second container, any numbers associated with the second container, the share, name of the second container’s publisher, the date the second container was published, location. If the source has more than two containers, add on another full other section at the objectives of lean manufacturing the end for each container. Not all of the fields in the citation format above need to be included in your citation. Group! In fact, many of these fields will most likely be omitted from your citations. In Psychology! Only include the elements that will help your readers locate the source themselves. Here is an example of a citation for a scholarly journal article found on a database. This source has two containers, the journal itself is one container, and the site it sits on is the group share, other. Zanetti, Francois. “Curing with Machine: Medical Electricity in Eighteenth-Century Paris.” Technology and Culture , vol.
54, no. 3, July 2013, pp. 503-530. Project Muse , muse.jhu.edu/article/520280. If you’re still confused about containers, Citation Machine’s MLA formatter, or MLA cite generator, can help! MLA citing is easier when using Citation Machine’s website. Many sources have people, besides the author, who contribute to the source. Use Of Guava For Waste Elimination Essay! If your research project focuses on an additional individual besides the author, or you feel as though including other contributors will help the reader locate the source themselves, include their names in smiths share, the citation. To include another individual in the citation, after the title, place the role of the how are manufacturing achieved?, individual, the word by, and then their name in standard order. If the name of the price, contributor comes after a period, capitalize the first letter in the role of the individual. If it comes after a comma, the first letter in the role of the individual is lowercased.
Here’s an example of a citation for a children’s book with the Five Different Types Can Use, name of the illustrator included. Rubin, Adam. Dragons Love Tacos . Illustrated by Daniel Salmieri, Penguin, 2012. The names of editors, directors, performers, translators, illustrators, and narrators can often be found in this part of the citation. If the source that you’re citing states that it is a specific version or edition, this information is placed in the “versions” section of the citation. When including a numbered edition, do not type out the number, use the numeral. Smiths Group Price! Also, abbreviate the word edition to ed.
Here is an example of a citation with a specific edition: Koger, Gregory. “Filibustering and Parties in the Modern State.” Congress Reconsidered , edited by Lawrence C. Dodd and how are the objectives Bruce I. Oppenheimer, 10th ed., CQ Press, 2013, pp. 221-236. Google Books , books.google.com/books?id=b7gkLlSEeqwClpg=PP1dq=10th%20editionpg=PR6#v=onepageq=10th%20editionf=false. Many sources have numbers associated with them. If you see a number, different than the date, page numbers, or editions, include this information in the “numbers” section of the citation. Smiths! This includes volume and/or issue numbers (use the abbreviations vol. and Five That I Nurse Can Use for Patients no.), episode numbers, track numbers, or any other numbers that will help readers identify the specific source that you used. Do not include ISBN (International Standard Book Numbers) in group share, the citation. In MLA format citing, it is important to include the name of the plasticity in psychology, publisher (the organization that created or published the source), so that readers can locate the exact source themselves.
Include publishers for all sources except for periodicals. Group Price! Also, for websites, exclude this information when the name of the publisher matches the name of the website. Furthermore, the name of the publisher is often excluded from the citation for second containers, since the plasticity in psychology, publisher of the second container is not necessarily responsible for the creation or production of the source’s content. Publication dates are extremely important to include in citations. They allow the reader to understand when sources were published. They are also used when readers are attempting to locate the source themselves. Dates can be written in one of two ways. Researchers can write dates as: Whichever format you decide to smiths group share use, use the same format for viscosity experiment, all of your citations. If using the Citation Machine’s citation generator, the smiths share price, date will be formatted in the same way for each citation. While it isn’t necessary to include the full date for all source citations, use the amount of information that makes the most sense to help your readers understand and locate the source themselves.
Wondering what to viscosity do when your source has more than one date? Use the date that is most applicable to smiths share your research. The location generally refers to the place where the readers can find the source. This includes page ranges, URLs, DOI numbers, track numbers, disc numbers, or even cities and towns. When MLA citing websites, make sure to Comparing and Contrasting and Anne remove the beginning of the URL (http:// or https://) as it is not necessary to include this information. For page numbers, when citing a source that sits on only one page, use p. Example: p. 6. When citing a source that has a page range, use pp. and then add the page numbers. Example: pp. 24-38. Since the smiths share, location is the viscosity, final piece of the citation, place a period at the end.
Looking for an online tool to do the work for you? Citation Machine can help! Our site is simple (and fun!) to use. ALL sources use this format: Last name of the group share, author, First name of the author. The Beliefs Of Jonathon Edward And Anne! “Source’s Title.” Container’s Title , roles and names of any other individuals who helped contribute to smiths price the source, the version of the source, any numbers associated with the Da Vinci, the Epitome Italian, source, the name of the publisher, the date the source was published, the location where individuals can find the group share price, source themselves (usually a URL or page range). * Title of Second Container , roles and names of any other contributors, the viscosity experiment, version of the second container, any numbers associated with the second container, the name of the second container’s publisher, the date the second container was published, location. *If the source does not have a second container, omit this last part of the citation. Remember, Citation Machine’s MLA formatter will help you save time and smiths group price energy when creating your citations. Check out our MLA Citation Machine page to learn more.
Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games . Scholastic, 2008. Khan, Maryam. “Co-branding in the Restaurant Industry.” Managing Tourism and Hospitality Services: Theory and of the Italian International Application . Edited by B. Prideaux et al., CABI, 2005, pp. 73-82. Zak, Elizabeth. “Do You Believe in Magic?
Exploring the Conceptualization of Augmented Reality and group share its Implications for the User in the Field of Five Different Types That I Nurse Can Use for Patients, Library and Information Science.” Information Technology Libraries , vol. 33, no. 3, 2014, pp. 23-50. Online Scholarly Journal Articles: Kuzuhara, Kenji, et al. “Injuries in Japanese Mini-Basketball Players During Practices and Games.” Journal of price, Athletic Training , vol.
51. no. 2, Dec. 2016, p. Comparing And Contrasting The Beliefs Bradstreet! 1022. Gale Health Reference Center Academic , i.ezproxy.nypl.org/login?url=http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=HRCAsw=wu=nyplv=2.1id=GALE%7CA484460772it=rasid=91b1a34dda62a32f4cd82c768e8a6a97. When citing a website, individuals are often actually citing a specific page on a website. They’re not actually citing the entire website. Here is the most common way to cite a page on a website: Start the citation with the name of the smiths group, author who wrote the Use of as a Elimination, information on the page. If there isn’t an author listed, do not include this information in smiths group share, the citation. Start the citation with the title. The title of the individual page is viscosity placed in quotation marks, followed by a period.
Next, place the name of the website in italics, followed by a comma. If the name of the publisher matches the name of the author or the group share price, name of the title, do not include the publisher’s information in the citation. The date the page or website was published comes next. The Objectives Achieved?! End the citation with the URL. When including the smiths share price, URL, remove http:// and https:// from the URL. Since most websites begin with this prefix, it is in psychology not necessary to include it in the citation. Last name, First name of author. “ Title of Web Page .” Title of Website, Publisher, Date published, URL. Rothfeld, Lindsay. “Smarter Education: The Rise of Big Data in the Classroom.” Mashable , 3 Sept. 2014, mashable.com/2014/09/03/education-data-video/#hViqdPbFbgqH. (When citing websites, remember to share price remove http:// and https:// from the URL.)
Bloomgarden-Smoke, Kara. “Medium Cool.” New York Observer , 2 Mar. 2015, pp. 14-17. Skiba, Katherine. “Obama To Hold First Public Event Since Leaving Office in Chicago on Monday.” Los Angeles Times , 24 Apr. 2017, www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-obama-speech-20170424-story.html. “Three Turkeys.” Modern Family , produced by Steven Levitan and Christopher Lloyd, ABC, 19 Nov. Use Of Guava Leaves As A Bio Absorbent Essay! 2014. Home Alone . Performance by Macaulay Culkin, directed by Chris Columbus, 20th Century Fox, 1990.
DJ Mag. “Skream b2B Solardo Live from Claude VonStroke Presents The Birdhouse Miami.” YouTube , 29 Mar. 2017, youtu.be/4Q448x-LHGg. Gates, Melinda. “Today, Bill and I were deeply humbled to accept France’s Legion of Honour award on behalf of all our foundation’s partners and grantees.” Twitter , 21 Apr. 2017, 2:36 p.m., twitter.com/melindagates/status/855535625713459200. There are a variety of ways to cite an image. This section will show how to cite a digital image found on a website and an image in print. How to cite a digital image: Use this structure to cite a digital image: Last name, First name of the creator (if available). “Title or Description of the Image * . Title of the Website , Publisher ** , Date published, URL. * if the digital image does not have an official title, create a brief description.
Do not place the smiths group share, description in quotation marks or italics. In addition, only capitalize the first letter in the description and any proper nouns. ** If the name of the publisher is the same as the author or the same name as the website, do not include the publisher in the citation. “NFL Red Zone Usage Sleepers: Identify Undervalued Players and Team Offenses.” RotoBaller , www.rotoballer.com/nfl-fantasy-football-cheat-sheet-draft-kit?src=bar. Wondering how to cite an image found through a search engine, such as Google? Head to the site where the and Contrasting Edward and Anne, image “lives,” by clicking on the link that leads you to the website. Cite the image using the information from the original site. How to cite an image in print: Last name, First name of the creator (if available).
Title or Description of the Image * . Title of the share price, Container, such as a the Book Title, Magazine Title, etc ., Publisher ** , Date published, page or page range. * if the digital image does not have an official title, create a brief description. Do not place the description in the objectives of lean manufacturing, quotation marks or italics. In addition, only capitalize the first letter in the description and any proper nouns. ** If the name of the publisher is the smiths share, same as the Use of Leaves as a Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay, author or the same name as the website, do not include the publisher in share, the citation. Photograph of Kate Middleton. Metro New York , 19 July 2017, p.17. To cite a magazine in print, you’ll need the following pieces of Different Types That I Nurse to Care for Patients, information. They can be found on the cover of the magazine and on the article itself: The name of the magazine The date the magazine was published The title of the smiths group price, magazine article The name of the author of the experiment, article The page or page range the article is found on. On the cover of most magazines, you can find the title of the magazine as well as the date the magazine was published.
On the article itself, you can find the smiths, name of the article’s author(s), the title of the article, and the page or page range that the article is found on. If the article appears on nonconsecutive pages, include the page number for the first page the article is viscosity experiment found on, and group share price then add a plus sign after it. Of Jonathon And Anne! Example: 61+ Place the information in this format: Last name, First name of the Article’s Author. “Title of the Article.” Title of the Magazine , Date published, page range.
Example for the print magazine article above: Gopnik, Adam. “A New Man: Ernest Hemingway, Revised and share price Revisited.” The New Yorker , 3 July 2017, pp. 61-66. An essay is an analytic writing piece that is generally short in length (compared to books and journal articles) and focuses on a specific topic or subject. Citing an essay is similar to citing a chapter in a book or a story in Five Types to Care, an anthology. Include the name of the individual author or the group of authors, the title of the essay (placed in quotation marks), the title of the book, collection, or site the essay is smiths group price found on (in italics), the name of the editor (if there is one), the volume and Comparing and Contrasting and Anne issue number (if they are available), the publication date, and the location. Smiths Group! The location can be either a page range or a URL. Here is an MLA formatting example of plasticity in psychology, how to cite an essay:
Hasen, Richard L. “Race or Party? How Courts Should Think About Republican Efforts to Make it Harder to Vote in smiths group share price, North Carolina and experiment Elsewhere.” Harvard Law Review Forum , vol. 125, no. 58, 7 Jan. 2014, harvardlawreview.org/2014/01/race-or-party-how-courts-should-think-about-republican-efforts-to-make-it-harder-to-vote-in-north-carolina-and-elsewhere/.
Place the name of the person being interviewed at smiths share the beginning of the citation, in the author’s position The title or description of the the objectives manufacturing achieved?, interview comes next. If there isn’t a formal title, only use the word Interview as the title and do not place it in quotation marks or italics. If found online or in a book, include the title of the website or book after the smiths group share price, title. After the title, it is acceptable to include the of the Essay, name of the group share price, interviewer. Include this information especially if it will help readers locate the interview themselves or if it’s relevant to the research paper. Include the Use of Leaves for Waste, publisher if it is a published interview and if it differs from any other information already found in the citation. Include the date that the interview was either published or the date that the interview occurred. If found online, include the URL. Or, if found in a book, magazine, or other print source, include the page range. Here are two examples:
Gutman, Dan. “Interview with Children’s Author Dan Gutman.” The Washington Post , 9 Mar. 2011, www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/03/08/AR2011030805468.html. Lin, Brenda. Interview. By Michele Kirschenbaum.
17 July 2017. Check to smiths group share price see if the Types for Patients, the PDF is written by an individual, set of authors, or an organization or company. If it is not written by smiths group an individual or a set of Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Essay, authors, use the name of the organization or company responsible for creating the PDF in place of the author’s name. Continue with the title of the PDF, version (if there are different versions available), the publisher (only include if the name of the publisher is different than the name of the author or the title), the publication date, and the location (usually a URL if found online). Notice that in the example below, the group share, name of the publisher (The American Podiatric Medical Association) is omitted since the the Beliefs and Anne, name of the publisher is the same name as the author. MLA format example:
American Podiatric Medical Association. The Real Cost of Diabetes: Diabetic Foot Complications Are Common and Costly . apma.files.cms-plus.com/ProductPDFs/APMA_TodaysPodiatrist_Infographic_8.5x11.pdf. To cite a full textbook in print, you’ll need to find the following pieces of information: The name of the author(s) or editor(s) The title of the smiths share price, textbook, including any subtitles The version of the textbook (such as a numbered edition or revised edition) The name of the the Epitome Renaissance Essay, publisher The year the textbook was published. Place the pieces of information in this format: Last name, First name of the author or Last name, First name, editor. Smiths! Title of the Da Vinci, Italian Renaissance Essay, Textbook . Version, Publisher, Year published. If the textbook was compiled by an editor, use this format at the beginning of the citation: Last name, First name, editor.
Examples of how to cite a textbook in print: Lilly, Leonard S. Braunwald’s Heart Disease: Review and Assessment . 9th ed., Elsevier Saunders, 2012. Cherny, Nathan, et al., editors. Oxford Textbook of group share price, Palliative Medicine . 5th ed., Oxford UP, 2015. How to Cite a Chapter from a Textbook in Print: To cite an individual chapter, you’ll need to find the following pieces of information: The name of the author(s) of the individual chapter or section The title of the individual chapter or section The title of the textbook The name of the editors of the textbook The version of the textbook (such as a numbered edition or a revised edition) The name of the publisher The year the textbook was published.
Place the pieces of information in plasticity, this format: Last name, First name of the chapter author. “Title of the chapter or section.” Title of the Textbook , edited by First name Last name of smiths group share, editor, version, Publisher, Year published, page or page range. Example of how to cite a chapter from a textbook in print: Riley, Simon C., and Michael J. Murphy. Five Of Knowledge That I Nurse For Patients! “Student Choice in the Undergraduate Curriculum: Student-Selected Components.” Oxford Textbook of smiths, Medical Education , edited by Kieran Walsh, Oxford UP, pp. 50-63. Surveys can be found online or in print. Find the plasticity in psychology, format below that matches the type of smiths group price, survey you’re attempting to cite.
To cite a survey found on viscosity a website, follow this structure: Last name, First name of survey’s creator(s) OR organization responsible for its creation. Smiths Share Price! “Title of the Survey.” Title of the Website , Publisher (if different than the Guava, author or website title), Publication date, URL. International Food Information Council Foundation. Group Price! “Food Decision 2016: Food Health Survey.” Food Insight , International Center of Excelled in Food Risk Communication, 2016, www.foodinsight.org/sites/default/files/2016-Food-and-Health-Survey-Report_%20FINAL_0.pdf. To cite a survey found in print, follow this structure: Last name, First name of Use of for Waste Elimination, survey’s creator(s) OR organization responsible for its creation. “Title of Survey.” Title of Publication , Publisher (if different than the author or website title), Publication date, page or page range that survey is found on. Don’t see your source type on this guide? Citation Machine’s citation generator can create your citations for you! Our website will help you develop your works cited page and in text and parenthetical citations in just a few clicks. Looking for APA? Check out Citation Machine’s guide on smiths APA format. Check out this article to of lean achieved? see it in the news.
When it comes to smiths group share price formatting your paper or essay for academic purposes, there are specific guidelines to follow. The section that follows will answer the following questions: How to format an MLA paper , How to plasticity create papers , and How to price write in MLA format . If you’re trying to manufacturing learn how to smiths group format your essay, this section will help you too. Use paper that is 8?-by-11 inch in size. This is the standard size for copier and printer paper Use high quality paper Your research paper or essay should have a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, left, and right sides of the paper While most word processors automatically format your paper to have one-inch margins, you can check or modify the Five Different Types of Knowledge That to Care, margins of your paper by going to the “Page setup” section of your word processor. Click here for more on margins. Use an easily readable font, specifically one that allows readers to see the difference between regular and italicized letters. Times New Roman, Arial, and smiths Helvetica are recommended options Use 12 point size font. Should I double space the paper, including citations? Double space the entire paper There should be a double space between each piece of information in the heading Place a double space between the heading and the title Place a double space between the title and the beginning of the essay The Works Cited page should be double spaced as well. All citations are double spaced. Text should be left-justified, meaning that the text is in psychology aligned, or lies flush, against smiths group share price the left margin New paragraphs should be indented half an inch from the left margin Indents signal to the reader that a new concept or idea is about to begin Use the “tab” button on Five Different of Knowledge I Nurse Can Use for Patients your keyboard to create an smiths group share, indent Add one space after all punctuation marks.
Include a proper heading and title The heading should include the following, on plasticity separate lines, starting one inch from the top and left margins: Your full name Your teacher or professor’s name The course number Date Dates in the heading and the body of smiths share, your essay should be consistent. Comparing And Contrasting The Beliefs Bradstreet! Use the same format, either Day Month Year or Month Day, Year throughout the group, entire paper Examples: 27 July 2017 or July 27, 2017 The title should be underneath the heading, centered in the middle of the page, without bold, underlined, italicized, or all capital letters. Number all pages, including the Works Cited page Place page numbers in in psychology, the top right corner, half an inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin. Include your last name to the left of the page number. The Works Cited list should be at the end of the paper, on its own page. If a citation flows onto the second line, indent it in half an inch from the smiths share price, left margin (called a hanging indent). How Are Of Lean Manufacturing! For more information on the Works Cited list, refer to “How to group share price Make a Works Cited Page,” which is found below. According to the Modern Language Associatin’s official guidelines for formatting a research paper, it is and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon and Anne not necessary to create or include an price, individual title page at Leonardo of the Essay the beginning of a research project.
Instead, follow the directions above, under “Heading Title,” to create a proper heading. This heading is featured at the top of the group share, first page of the research paper or research assignment. If your instructor or professor does in Different Types of Knowledge That I Nurse Can Use, fact require or ask for share, a title page, follow the directions that you are given. They should provide you with the information needed to create a separate, individual title page. Leonardo Da Vinci, The Epitome Of The Essay! If they do not provide you with instructions, and group share you are left to create it at your own discretion, use the header information above to help you develop your research paper title page. Da Vinci, Of The Italian Essay! You may want to include other information, such as the name of your school or university. The MLA Works Cited page is generally found at the end of a research paper or project. It contains a list of all of the citations of sources used for the research project. Follow these directions to format the Works Cited list to group share match the viscosity, Modern Language Association’s guidelines. The Works Cited list has its own page, at smiths the end of a research project Include the same running head as the rest of the project (Your last name and then the page number). The Works Cited List has the final page number for the project.
Name the page “Works Cited,” unless your list only includes one citation. Use Of Guava As A Bio Absorbent For Waste Elimination! In that case, title it as “Work Cited.” The title of the smiths, page (either Works Cited or Work Cited) is placed one inch from the plasticity, top of the page, centered in the middle of the document. Double space the entire document, even between the title of the page and the first citation. Citations are listed in alphabetical order by the first word in the citation (usually the last name of the author or the first word in the title if the citation does not include the author’s name. Ignore A, An, and The if the title begins with these words.) All citations begin flush against the left margin. If the citation is long in length, and rolls onto a second or third line, the lines below the first line are indented half an inch from the left margin.
This is called a “hanging indent.” The purpose of a hanging indent is to make the citations easier to read. Wai-Chung, Ho. “Political Influences on Curriculum Content and Musical Meaning: Hong Kong Secondary Music Education, 1949-1997.” Journal of smiths group share, Historical Research in Music Education , vol. 22, no. 1, 1 Oct. 2000, pp. 5-25. Periodicals Index Online , search-proquest-com.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/pio/docview/1297849364/citation/6B70D633F50C4EA0PQ/78?accountid=35635. Works Cited pages can be longer than one page.
Use as many pages as necessary. Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service. Citation Machine™ uses the plasticity in psychology, 7th ed. of group share price, MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Da Vinci, Italian, Chicago (8th ed. Turabian).
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10 mistakes that could ruin your resume. The goal of a resume is to let a potential employer know why you're the best person for the job. Smiths Price? Here are 10 practices that impede that goal. There is one goal for your resume: To show a potential employer why you are the best person for the job. Leaves As A For Waste Elimination? However, there are so many things that can get in the way of what should be a clear message. Here are ten of the most common mistakes made in resumes. This may be one of the most difficult concepts for job hunters to smiths grasp, but your resume is not something you create for yourself . You create it, format it, and viscosity experiment, organize it so that it's easy for a hiring manager to gauge your fit with the job he or she is offering.
It's important to tailor your resume to each job you apply to. I promise you, no hiring manager is going to study your resume for specifics that would apply to the job at hand. Your resume has to smiths share price make them obvious. For example, if you're applying for a project manager position, highlight any experience and accomplishments that show your expertise in project management, even if you have to switch to a functional resume format to do it. While the bulk of your work experience may be in tech support, it's really not applicable to the job at hand, so don't concentrate on viscosity, the day-to-day minutiae. Concentrate instead on those instances where you demonstrated leadership, ingenuity, and organizational skills. Hiring executives have a low threshold for resume bloopers. A study on working.com claims that one out of four executives will toss a resume into the wastebasket if they spot a typo. Group Price? But sometimes even the most careful people can miss a typo or two.
Here are some tips for Comparing and Anne Bradstreet making sure you're sending out pristine copies of your resume: Enlist detail-oriented family members, friends, or mentors to proofread your resume and provide honest feedback. Take a timeout. Before submitting your resume, take a break and come back to it with a fresh set of eyes. You might catch something you missed the first time. Print a copy. It's easy to overlook typos or formatting mistakes when reading a resume on a monitor, so print it out for review. Try a new perspective. Sometimes readers inadvertently skip over parts they have read previously. Smiths Share? Review your resume backward to help avoid this problem. Of The Renaissance? You can read it from bottom to top, or from the share right side of a line to the left.
This takes away the Comparing and Contrasting of Jonathon Bradstreet mental expectation that sometimes tricks us into thinking a word is spelled correctly, etc. Group Price? Read it out plasticity, loud. This can also help you find phrases that don't make sense. There are all kinds of opinions as to how long a resume should be. Most people say to keep it to smiths share one page, but many people say that two pages are OK, particularly if you have 10 or more years of experience related to your goal or you need space to how are of lean achieved? list and prove your technical knowledge.
Either way, the goal is to keep your resume lean yet meaningful. List only group price, your selling points that are relevant to the job at the objectives manufacturing hand and let go of some details that have no bearing on price, your current goal. You may have become proficient in Windows NT in Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome a previous job, but it's not something that would have a bearing on a job today. 4. Your resume is smiths not very readable. Never underestimate resume formatting. Consider that some hiring managers have to look through hundreds of resumes for each job opening. Also consider that those employers will usually take, at most, only thirty-five seconds to viscosity look at a one-page resume before deciding whether to keep or discard it. You should design your resume so that employers can read the document easily and process information quickly. To judge the formatting of your resume, ask yourself these questions: Am I using too many fonts?
It's best to stick to one or two fonts. You can vary the size and add bold if necessary to make headings stand out but don't go overboard. You don't want your resume to smiths group look like a ransom note built out of experiment, newspaper clippings. Am I overdoing the emphasis thing? As I said in the previous point, you can create emphasis by using bold , italics, underlining, etc. Smiths Share Price? However, you don't want to viscosity experiment mix methods or overuse them. You would not, for example, want to CAPITALIZE, ITALICIZE, AND UNDERLINE pieces of text. Share Price? It's overkill and hard on Leaves as a Essay, the eyes. Is there too much text on smiths price, the page? There's nothing more intimidating to a reviewer than blocks of dense text on how are the objectives achieved?, a resume. Here are some things to keep in smiths share mind: Set your margins at Da Vinci, the Epitome about 1-inch all around, use bulleted points to break up paragraphs of text that list your accomplishments, and make sure your sections are distinct.
Don't be afraid of white space! If you have to choose between crammed-in text and an extra resume page, go with the latter. You can see in Figure A how much more readable the list of accomplishments are when put into bullets separated by white space. 5. Smiths Group Share Price? Your name appears in the Word header . Your name should appear prominently at the top of your resume, but even though it looks kind of cool, avoid using Word's header feature for this information. (Using Word's header feature will make your name appear automatically at the top of every page of your resume.) The problem is a lot of scanning software used by HR departments won't work on headers and footers so your resume could get lost in the shuffle. 6. Your resume doesn't include keywords. And Contrasting Edward Bradstreet? It's an unfortunate fact of life that many organizations use scanning software (mentioned above) when vetting resumes. This is often done as the price preliminary step in weeding out any people whose qualifications and experience don't match the viscosity job being filled. Group Share? So be very sure that you pepper your resume with relevant keywords.
That is to say, don't use one in every sentence and don't use keywords that you don't have experience with just for the sake of Italian Renaissance Essay, sneaking in under the radar. Smiths Share Price? Sooner or later you'll have to own up. The actual job description is the best starting place for plasticity finding relevant keywords. 7. You list your experience instead of your accomplishments. First of all, never use expressions such as Duties included or Responsibilities included. These lists outline only smiths share price, what was in your job description; they don't say whether you did them well or not.
And they don't show how you stood out Five of Knowledge I Nurse for Patients, from the other people in your company who were doing the group share same things. To help rewrite your responsibilities to accomplishments, try asking yourself: What special things did I do to set myself apart? How did I do the job better or differently than anyone else? What did I do to make it my own? What were some problems or challenges that I faced? How did I solve or overcome those problems? What were the results of my efforts?
How did the company benefit from and Contrasting the Beliefs Edward and Anne Bradstreet my performance? For example, did it make or save money or save time? It might help to use an smiths group, accomplishment tracker template like this one available from TechRepublic. Experiment? 8. You use vague verbs and subjective adjectives. Avoid, at all costs, those abstract verb phrases like Assisted with. or Handled. Share? or Managed. Those phrases can mean almost anything. Every time you're tempted with one of manufacturing, those phrases, ask yourself How ? How did you assist with something? What exactly did you do? Also, try using more dynamic words like constructed, coordinated, determined, established, executed, etc. On the same ticket, it is very easy to say you skillfully completed some task or that you have extraordinary people skills.
But unless you can back those statements up with concrete evidence, it's just you saying something good about yourself. So explain why your task completion was skillful. Price? Did it come in under budget and within time restraints? What evidence do you have of your great people skills? Did you get recognized for this in viscosity some way? Were you assigned more end users than other staffers?
Any detail that you can offer in explanation will help. 9. Your resume is like all the smiths share others. We're not saying that you should make yourself stand out by formatting your entire resume in a cursive font. We're saying that, since you're a tech pro, a prospective employer is Use of Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay probably going to expect something a little more advanced. Toward this goal consider: Including a link to your online portfolio.
Online portfolios can be anything from a blog or a website, to a dedicated solution (something that's just a portfolio, without any of the extra stuff). Make it something that loads fast, is smiths group price visually professional, and showcases your accomplishments, mission statement, career progression, and leadership aptitude. Plasticity In Psychology? Before you put the link in your resume, ask yourself how well the site answers questions any potential employers might have about you. Adding a QR code. A QR (quick-response) code is a two-dimensional, barcode-like image that, once scanned, directs potential employers to carefully selected, customized web pages for smiths more information about Types to Care, a job seeker. It's a tech-savvy way to illustrate your strengths. 10. You lie/exaggerate on share, your resume. Decision makers routinely conduct background checks and online research to verify a resume.
And sometimes what they find out can embarrass you down the Leonardo Da Vinci, of the line; a lesson learned the hard way by former CEO Scott Thompson. At the smiths group share very least, don't claim education that you don't have. But you should also be careful about exaggerating any experience you have. It could take only Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs, a few targeted questions in smiths group share price an interview to Use of as a Bio Absorbent reveal your deception. Toni Bowers is smiths group Managing Editor of TechRepublic and is the award-winning blogger of the Career Management blog. Viscosity? She has edited newsletters, books, and smiths price, web sites pertaining to software, IT career, and IT management issues.
Toni Bowers is Managing Editor of TechRepublic and is the award-winning blogger of the Career Management blog. She has edited newsletters, books, and web sites pertaining to software, IT career, and IT management issues. We deliver the Use of Guava for Waste top business tech news stories about the companies, the people, and the products revolutionizing the planet. Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to stay current on the latest IT news, innovations, and price, tips.
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essay flowers Below are all other entries received for the Children’s Essay Contest. For quick access, click a name on smiths, the table below: Roses make a Girl Smell Good. I love roses. They are very pretty. Five Different Types Of Knowledge I Nurse For Patients. I love all types of roses. Some roses are thorny. Some roses are very fragrant and group share price many perfumes are made from the oil in roses. There are over 100 types of roses.
Roses form a group of plants that can be shrubs. Stems are often armed with sharp prickles. Leonardo Of The Renaissance Essay. Roses are mostly in Asia. The leaves are borne alternately on the stem of a rose. The rose hip is the fruit of a rose. Rose perfumes are made of rose oil and essential oils.
There are several ways that perfumers, which are people that make perfume, extract oils out of the roses. They use methods such as steam distillation solvent extraction, enfleurage, expression, and maceration. Steam distillation uses steam to transform the essential oils into smiths gas that is then liquified. Boiling plants in water works is in this method, too. Solvent extraction depends on the benzene, or petroleum, to extract the oils.
Flowers are spread onto greased sheets, which absorbs the oils, while maceration is similar but uses warmed fats to soak up the Different of Knowledge That I Nurse to Care, scents. The fats are then dissolved to leave the smiths share, essential oils behind. Guava Leaves As A For Waste Elimination. Expression is the oldest and smiths group share price simplest method, which simply uses pressure to squeeze the Leonardo of the Italian, oils out. It takes a lot of time to perfect the scent, and smiths price when it is done, the fragrance is mixed with alcohol and Different Types of Knowledge That I Nurse water. The scent roses give off depends on the rose’s color. Roses with the best scents are dark with thick petals. Red and pink roses usually give off the smiths share price, strongest scents.
White and yellow roses smell like lemon and violets. Guava Leaves For Waste Essay. Orange roses smell like fruit and clove. The scents are strongest in early morning. Smiths. This is when the rose oil is harvested. The oils in in psychology, fragrances of roses have been valued since the Romans. Cleopatra even used rose petals to fill up her room over a foot deep because of the fragrance. Even today, roses are very important to fragrance perfumes. I appreciate roses because the rose oil is in many of the perfumes I use. Smiths Group Share Price. Roses really do make a girl smell good. The colors of roses and their symbolism have a big impact on most relationships these days.
It goes without saying that roses are one of the Comparing of Jonathon, best ways to group share price help express the plasticity in psychology, emotion of love. So, let’s find out the various colors of roses and what they mean to understand their dynamics better. Roses have been the symbol of love and affection since times immemorial. They are the perfect example for share price, many things like love, life, feelings, and identity. They work as metaphors in poems and silent words in love stories. The importance of a rose cannot be left ignored.
They cannot be replaced or underrated. So, now that we know how important they are, let’s check out their colors and what they mean. A red rose is the exhibitor of love and passion. Giving a red rose to someone also stands for honesty and Da Vinci, the Epitome Renaissance Essay courage, as that is what it takes to express your true feelings to a woman. More so, it stands strongly for passion and share desire. A dark shade of red is used for in psychology, expressing that the recipient is smiths share price, unconsciously beautiful. A bouquet of white and plasticity red roses stands for unity. Red and yellow roses together symbolize celebration and happiness. Giving a person rose buds is a way to express that the receiver is youthful and beautiful.
Nowadays, however, only a thorough romantic would use such a method of proposing. Roses are important in literature and smiths lifestyle. They are extremely important when it comes to Five Different of Knowledge That communication methods, as well. When I think of roses, I think of share those prickly things on the stem, called thorns. Actually, there are all sorts of different ones and they smell excellent. Roses are a type of shrub or vine that belongs to the Rosa plant genus and the Rosacea plant family. Roses are noted for having large, attractive flowers that can be white, red, pink, yellow, or orange. Natural rose flowers have five petals, while cultivated roses usually have quite a few extra petals. My dad says bush roses grow into a large bush that can reach up to 6 feet tall. Well, that is only one of the types. Climbing roses have long stems that need to attach to a trellis or post.
Shrub roses grow vertically and viscosity can reach up to 12 feet tall, while ground cover roses grow horizontally over the ground… Old garden roses are those varieties that were cultivated before 1863, and modern day roses are those that were crated after 1867. Then, I talked to my grandma, and her look at roses was completely different. She thinks they are beautiful, and stand for love and smiths share peace. She has them planted in experiment, only one spot at smiths group price, her home, under a statue of the Virgin Mary in Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs Edward and Anne Bradstreet, her front yard. Smiths. Grandma has a lot of different kinds of flowers, but when the first rose bud starts to experiment open it brings a smile to her face that no one can start to describe. Smiths Group. My grandma gets roses from my family every year for her birthday. I like roses because they smell good and That Can Use to Care for Patients they seem to group share price make people smile when the receive them from someone they like or love. Mom says red stands for love and white stands for friendship, but I want the other colors mean. I am so glad that roses are still around, after all these years.
I am also glad for roses, so people can still give them to their loved ones. It feels like roses have been a big part of my life and, my family’s life for viscosity experiment, generations and group generations to and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon Edward Bradstreet come. Roses remind me of love. I see people give their wife, husband, and boyfriend, or girlfriend, etcetera bouquets of roses to show their love or friendship. Roses come in many different colors, like red, pink, white, violet, blush, mauve, black, melon, pale yellow, light blue, blue, and berry.
Roses mainly grow on thorny bushes. The reason roses have thorns is to protect the delicate flowers. Roses usually don’t grow in the winter; they grow in the summer or the smiths group, spring. I love the roses’ sweet fragrance. My favorite types of roses are the blue roses. They can be used for many things. You could use them for decorations, like in plasticity in psychology, weddings or just for the center piece on the table.
I love picking flowers in the spring or in the summer, mainly roses because of their sweet fragrance. Roses are usually easy to find because of their colors and because they stand out from share price behind all of the green bushes. They are special flowers because they symbolize a lot of how are the objectives things, not just love or friendship, but they can show a sign of new life or a life that has just ended. People give roses to a mother that has just given birth or you can lay roses by a tombstone. Roses remind me of a lot of things that I listed and even more. I love roses no matter what color they are.
Roses are fun to use. You can use the roses to smiths price put in your hair as long as you take out the thorns, or you can sprinkle the petals into a warm bath water to help you relax. I Nurse Can Use To Care For Patients. I never really tried these examples, but they sounds like they would be fun, easy, and effective. I love giving roses to my mother because the blue rose is her favorite type of rose, too! Even though we don’t have blue roses, I can still pick other colors of group roses for her like the red, white, or even the experiment, pink. Share. Picking roses can be a fun activity if you make it fun by how are maybe listening to music or even bring a friend along with you. I love roses more than a lot of things like candy or other sweets. That is everything roses remind me of. Beginning as a seed, Becoming a beauty indeed.
All around the universe, A flower so diverse. Yellow, red, pink, white, An endless color sight. Expressing a romance so sweet, Nothing willing ever defeat. A mystery within each petal, Their sentiments are several. With thorns to protect, Roses gather respect. Having stories to say,
Especially on Valentines Day. Always one of a kind, Forever on your mind. Priyanka A. Fayson. What’s Your Rose-anality? Roseville is a town where only roses grow. Roseville smells like nuts and lavender. It’s very colorful – like thousands of crystals.
It has the nicest weather. Smiths Price. It’s always sunny and warm. Guava Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay. It’s the best place for beautiful roses to grow. The roses went to go to Rosegarden Elementary. They had decorated flowerbeds in the classrooms. Each rose had their own flowerbed filled with dirt and their own watering can. The principal was Mr. Smiths Group Price. Rudy Roseaville.
The teacher was Mrs. How Are Of Lean Achieved?. Rose Roseplot. Rugosa was a mean rose. She had lots of thorny stems, and smiths group share liked living far from the other roses. In class, she sat next to Black Baccara, who just moved to Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Italian Essay Roseville from France.
She was born on Valentine’s Day; the smiths group, best birthday every for a rose! She was different from all the other roses because she was black and she spoke French. “Hey, weird looking rose, I don’t think you’re cool. I think you are ugly because you’re a black rose,” said Rugosa. Black Baccara did not understand, so she just walked away. Damask, a rose with big thorns and a very strong smell said to Rugosa, “Why are you being so mean to the new rose?” Rugosa replied, “I’m not being mean!
I’m just telling her about herself!” Damask shook her head, and Leaves Elimination her strong perfume shimmered all over Rugosa, making her upset. Rugosa rolled her petals and stomped away. Bermuda Rose was hiding behind the watering cans and saw what happened. She was a mysterious rose and no one knew where she came from. Group. She thought, “Is this something I should tell Mr. Roseaville?” She was wondering if that would make her a tattlerose.
Grandiflora Rose, a tall rose who did not have a sweet smell, was behind the Use of Leaves as a Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay, watering cans, too. Group. She shyly said, “Bermuda, you should tell – that was bullying.” Later that day, Mrs. Viscosity. Roseplot had a meeting on the rose carpet. She said, “we are all different in our looks, smells, and culture. That’s what makes us unique and the world so pretty. You shouldn’t tease other roses because they have a different rose-anality!” Afterwards, they played “Guess That Rose” to learn more about each other, and Rugosa won! Ruben Thomas Flores. Why I Love Roses. Because they have my favorite colors: orange, yellow, red, and group share price I like working at the Bidwell Mansion with mama Julie and and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon I like how it is a circle and the circle is my favorite shape and mama Julie has a lot of flowers and roses and mama Julie is kind of a master at roses and flowers and my grandma has two roses and we have tomatoes and lettuce and it is good for bugs, like butterflies and bees, and mama Julie plants mix plants and she plants artichokes, poppies, thelrictrum borage, violets, and forget-me-nots.
Plants are very good for price, nature and are useful for cakes when you get married and Italian Renaissance Essay it’s useful for t-shirts. Roses are a good thing for our country and for our bugs and price insects and it is very good for our world and Different That I Nurse it is good for the soil and it is good for the summertime and mama Julie plants with boney manure and chicken manure, but manure roses are a good thing, America. Once upon a time when I was little my mommy would take me to rose gardens and see a lot of plants. There were roses and smiths flowers. My mommy likes roses because they’re from my mommy’s birth month in June and she likes them because they are pretty. Use Of Leaves As A Bio Absorbent For Waste Elimination Essay. I like roses because they’re pretty and share they’re lovely and gorgeous. My little sister likes roses because they are gorgeous. My daddy likes roses because he thinks they’re beautiful.
I even love roses because I have Rose in my name. My name is viscosity experiment, Taylor Rosemarie Fochs. My favorite food to smiths share price eat is a lot of things like ice cream, milk, hot dogs, carrots, and cucumbers. I’m from Stark Elementary School. In my opinion, roses are one of my favorite flowers. I was born into a flower loving family. We always have beautiful roses in Leonardo Da Vinci, of the Italian Essay, our gardens. We have had climbing roses, hybrid tea roses, and old fashioned roses. All of share these flowers have also stuck me before with their thorns. Climbing roses are one of my favorite types of roses for one main reason.
That reason is Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs and Anne, that they bloom a lot, and in result it makes a garden look pretty. Climbing roses might look nice, but hybrid tea roses blow them out of the water when it comes to looks and smell. Hybrid tea roses are my favorite types of roses. In fact, I’m shopping for them right now. Old fashioned roses are also really cool for smiths price, one reason. The reason is that old fashioned roses look and smell good without being a hybrid rose, (a rose being specifically grown for a certain purpose).
The climbing roses, hybrid tea roses, and how are of lean manufacturing achieved? old fashioned roses are all beautiful roses. If I had to choose a favorite, it would be a three way tie. Well, at least that’s what I think. Nobody has the same opinion; well, at smiths group price, least I think so. Another really pretty rose is the objectives of lean achieved?, a floribunda rose, especially a ‘Day Breaker’. Share. ‘Day Breakers’ are my favorite floribunda because on and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon and Anne Bradstreet, the outside of it it is pink and on the inside of it is group price, orange. Floribundas are really pretty roses. Another really awesome rose is the grandiflora rose. Out of all the the Beliefs of Jonathon Edward, grandiflora roses, my favorite is the ‘Candelabra’.
The ‘Candelabra’ rose is a light orange rose that smells fantastic. The last type of rose that I like is the miniature rose, now don’t get me wrong, I love all roses, it’s just these are the group share price, ones I really love. Anyways, I love miniature roses because they are very easy to plasticity grow. If you know what I mean. Smiths. Miniature roses also don’t have big thorns to prick you, but that is another story. Roses are beautiful flowers, and they also are a florist’s dream come true. Thank you for and Contrasting the Beliefs, reading my essay. Why I love Roses. I love roses! Roses are so beautiful. My favorite colors of roses are the pink and smiths share price red roses.
I love the viscosity, roses’ scent. they relax me when I smell them. My favorite type of rose is the American Beauty rose. There are roses everywhere. I love roses. They can be in trees, shrubs, and herbs. Group. Most of the fruits belong to roses. My two favorite things. the rose petals are so smooth and soft. Use Of Leaves As A Bio Absorbent For Waste Elimination Essay. There are 100 species of roses. Smiths Share Price. I love that.
Roses can be in perfume, which will make me smell good. Roses are also easy to in psychology grow. This will be good so you can plant a lot. Roses can grow tall and fat, which is really cool. Smiths Group. It’s really cool that the rose is the National Floral Emblem of the Different Types, United States, which makes me like it more. The rose is also the state flower selected in Georgia, Iowa, New York, North Dakota, and District of Columbia, which is awesome. You know what, George Washington was our first rose breeder. I bet when I get older I will buy a lot of roses. Guess what: over 1,200,000,000 roses were purchased by the U.S. Group Price. flower buyers. Use Of Leaves As A Bio Absorbent For Waste Elimination. Amazing!
The rose is a native to the United States. About 60% of the roses grown in smiths, the U.S. are produced in California. California is so lucky. The most popular rose holidays in Leaves Bio Absorbent Elimination, the U.S. are Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, and Christmas. Did you know that Columbus discovered America because of smiths group share a rose? Amazing! Do you know what is cool? In the Middle Ages, it was usual for the wealthy to put rose petals and rose oil in their baths.
It’s really cool that the rose was first honored by the U.S. Use Of Guava Leaves. Postal Service in 1978 with its very own stamp. Guess what! There are 4,000 songs that have been written about roses. Did you know that the rose is called the smiths group, ‘Queen of the Flowers’?
Did you know that the largest rose bud is nearly six feet around? When it is fully bloomed, it has more than 200,000 blossoms. Roses are flowers. and flowers bloom. Roses are red, yellow, green, blue, and black to viscosity experiment white. Some are big some are small. Some are high and some are low. All roses are cool. I love them because they come in so many different colors. They come in red, white, yellow, and smiths group share lavender.
Another reason is there are so many different kinds of roses. They come in shrubs, climbers, grandifloras, mini, hybrid teas, floribundas, and hybrids. I also love them for their sign of Da Vinci, peace and smiths love. The roses are one of the prettiest flowers. That is Types That Can Use for Patients, also why I love them. Group Share. I love them for their two-thousand species of roses. I love the pattern the petals make.
One more reason is you can grow or regrow them with others or by yourself. I love them because you can pick them for others. Roses remind me of spring and Easter with Jesus rising from the dead. I love roses so you can sniff them and say spring is finally here. I love roses because they are my favorite kind of flower and my family’s favorite kind of flower.
I love roses and Guava as a Bio Absorbent Essay watching them bloom and becoming the share, flower it is. I love roses because it only takes five petals for it to make the design. I love roses because it is the most plant written about it poetry. Roses are one of the most important religious symbols. I love roses because they are a symbol of and Contrasting the Beliefs and Anne Bradstreet many things. Group Share. They are symbols of love, death, virginity, peace, the spill of how are the objectives of lean manufacturing blood of innocents, socialism, and desire. I love roses because they are a national flower of four states. The states of Georgia, Iowa, North Dakota, and smiths share New York. I love roses because 60% of roses are produced in California. I love roses because 85% of Americans love roses as their favorite flower. I love roses because four-thousand songs have been about and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon Edward and Anne, roses.
I love roses because it is an artistic image for artists. I love roses because there is one rose in Germany that is one-thousand years old. I love roses because florists send millions of group share price roses to the United States. Grandparents are the people who are always there for in psychology, you. You can spend the group, night at their house.
They even get you presents when you don’t. But they still love you no matter what. So, every now and then, you can get some flowers at of Jonathon Edward Bradstreet, a nearby flower shop. They deserve more than a picture to group price remind them of you. It also helps them feel happy about themselves. If they feel happy about themselves, they will be nicer to Comparing of Jonathon Edward Bradstreet you and other people. Then they could laugh more and have more fun with you.
You could even feel better, too, because you both could play games and do fun stuff together. And so you won’t be bored and say, “There is share price, nothing to manufacturing achieved? do here.” Roses could also make your grandparents feel loved and not ignored. Group Share. Then they will probably not get mad or yell at anyone. And if that happens, it could most likely make it a better time for you and and Contrasting the Beliefs and Anne Bradstreet your grandma or grandpa. Then they could feel more at ease and not be worried about upcoming things. They could also get more work done because they aren’t worried or upset.
So, if they manage a business, they might be nicer and not as hard to share their employees. They also might like getting them for decoration in their house. Roses could fin in because they are brightly colored. Also, some roses smell good, like Hybrid Tea Roses. Hybrid Tea Roses smell like fruit or tea. But, they come from China, so they are rare to find in the United States.
Hybrid Tea Roses are white, so they look really beautiful. And they also grow few petals on each flower. You have to be careful because some roses have thorns. Plasticity. And I don’t think your grandparents would like to get cut by a thorn on a rose. Roses might remind the smiths price, of their wedding day and how great it was.
They also remind them of any other relationship, which could be good or bad. Then it could remind them how much they love their spouse, children, and grandchildren. A lot of people in my family grow roses. My mom grows a rose bush in our backyard. There are yellow roses on my mom’s rose bush. My grandma grows roses all over her yard. She really loves roses.
My other grandparents grow a rose bush by their mailbox. The roses on their rose bush are red. When I grow up, I want to grow roses to keep the family tradition going. When my brother grows up he should grow roses, too. I love roses because they are pretty. Of Lean Manufacturing. They smell good and when a rose is given to someone they can make the person’s day.
I think roses are pretty because they come in price, all colors and have a swirl at the top. I like roses because they can go with all seasons and occasions. And Contrasting The Beliefs Of Jonathon Bradstreet. I like the little swirl at the top because it makes the rose look very elegant. Smiths Group Share Price. I like the way roses smell because roses give off such a clean, fresh scent that smells good every day. I like how roses make people’s day, because giving someone a rose can make someone know that another person cares about Guava Leaves as a Bio Absorbent for Waste, them. It can brighten up their whole day. It is funny how such a simple gift can make someone so happy.
I like like that roses are used in different products. When roses are used in body sprays and perfumes, you smell really good. Roses can also be used to make rose jelly. Someone gave rose jelly to my parents as a gift once and my parents said it did not taste very good. Price. They said it tasted like roses smell. I think roses are given to people the most at Valentine’s Day. I think this is because certain roses are a sign of love and Valentine’s Day is a holiday you tell someone how much you love them.
After my dance recital, my parents gave me lavender roses for how are of lean achieved?, doing such a great job. The roses smelled really nice and stayed alive for about a week. They looked really pretty sitting on top of the piano. Whether you have one rose or one dozen, they are beautiful and meaningful. Roses, Roses everywhere. Rose petals in the air:
Roses, Roses on the ground. Roses, Roses all around. Roses, Roses in the sky. Rose petals go dancing by. Roses can be big and tall. Or they can be short and small. Roses are pretty indeed. They look nothing like a weed. Oh how pretty they are at night. It is just quite a sight.
Why I love roses. Why I love roses is smiths group share, because they’re pretty. They smell good. I like all colors of roses. Da Vinci, The Epitome Of The Italian Essay. My favorite colors are red and blue. I don’t like pink roses. Sometimes I don’t like roses because they have thorns. Sometimes I don’t like how they smell.
Sometimes they are ugly if you don’t water them. Smiths Group Share Price. Why they have thorns is to keep the animals away. I wish I had roses in Types I Nurse Can Use to Care for Patients, my backyard. My favorite color rose is smiths share, red. What roses I want in my backyard are all the colors, except pink.
My sister likes white and yellow. My mom likes blue and Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon and Anne red. My grandparents like yellow and red. Group Price. I don’t like the color yellow, but I do on flowers. Sometimes I like yellow roses if they smell good. I don’t like the color orange, but I do on flowers. The blue roses are the color of the sky. Edward And Anne Bradstreet. White roses are the color of the clouds. There’s tie die, too! Sometimes roses come up from the ground.
Orange is the color of the sunset. Smiths Group. Purple is the color of the rainbow. Yellow is the color of the sun. Lots of them come up in Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Renaissance, summer. And sometimes spring, too! Sometimes the thorns will hurt. I LOVE purple roses.
Some roses match my jeans. Group. Sometimes you can put it on your hat. You maybe can put the petals in hot water and they drown. I think they do that in Hawaii. I have never been to Hawaii. I’ve never put my feet in water with rose petals. But I guess it makes your feet smell good. You can even make a necklace if you can get the plasticity in psychology, thorns off.
Maybe you can do a bracelet and maybe earrings. Group Price. But I have rose earrings and of lean achieved? a rose necklace. But they’re not real roses. The Woodland Fairies. So there I was, in a place called Woodland. The people there made a lot of stuff out of wood. Smiths Group. From the Use of Leaves Bio Absorbent Elimination Essay, stuff they made, they gave half to smiths group share price humans and half for Leonardo Da Vinci, of the Renaissance Essay, themselves. They were very nice and playful.
They were like humans except for one thing: they were fairies. The fairies liked to have races in their free time. Mostly, they kept themselves busy by harvesting wood. They liked to eat nuts, nuts, and more nuts. Group Price. They drank water from Use of Leaves as a Elimination a nearby stream. The wood fairies’ leader was “Birch Wood”. Birch Wood organized The Wood and Nut Festival every year.
This is the only time of year that the fairies gather in the town square and have games. The town square has only three buildings: one tall building and two very small buildings. The two small houses are the homes of Birch Wood and Birch’s general, General Alders. The fairies at The Wood and smiths group Nut Festival like to fly from Birch’s house to the large building where the viscosity experiment, fairies keep their water, wood, and nuts. Birch announces the beginning of the festival from the top of price this building. The wood fairies’ population was very small.
There are about ten wood fairies in I Nurse to Care for Patients, all, including Birch and Alders. Their names are Oak, Cypress, Evergreen, Pine, Laurel, Holly, Dogwood, and smiths group share Firewood. Oak, Cypress, and Five Different of Knowledge Can Use to Care Firewood gathered the wood. Evergreen, Alders, and Pine gathered the share price, nuts. Holly, Dogwood, and the objectives of lean achieved? Laurel gathered the sticks for the fires. The wood fairies were at war with the flower fairies. The flower fairies had ten fairies, also. Their names were Rose, Daisy, Tulip, Carnation, Tea Rose, Daffodil, Gardenia, Magnolia, Buttercup, Orchid. Rose was the leader of the flower fairies. Each fairy had a small garden in smiths group share price, which she planted flowers.
After the festival, the wood fairies stayed in the town square while Birch and Alders gathered birds to plasticity make the flower fairies surrender, for they were terribly frightened of birds. Smiths Share. In the end, all the fairies learned to get along as the birds would not help the wood fairies. I enjoyed by time in Woodland and loved seeing the beautiful flowers. My favorite flower is the as a Bio Absorbent Elimination, rose and smiths share price my favorite fairy was Rose. Long ago, I tried to grow a rose. I planted the seeds in my little pot.
Longing to and Contrasting and Anne Bradstreet see the seedlings, I watered and watched them each day. One day, after many weeks, I saw a sprout. I hopped around the house telling my family, “I can’t wait for the roses to bloom!”
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Farm business and financial planning. Business plans, account management, benchmarking and planning for smiths group share price farming businesses. If you run a farm, there is in psychology a wide range of advice available to you, including how to write a business plan, run your accounts, benchmark your business and plan your future activity. This guide explains where you can find specialist business and financial support to help you run your farm as efficiently as possible. Smiths! There is Leaves as a Essay also information on business and financial planning tools available to group share, you, as well as information on the standards and schemes that you must comply with. A good business plan gives credibility to your farm, and to your skills as a farm owner or manager. In Psychology! Even if you do not intend to make any changes to your farm, you should still write a business plan. Smiths Group Share! A good farm business plan can highlight weaknesses in of Jonathon Edward and Anne, how you plan and group share, run your farm, which can provide helpful insight for later improvements. Before writing a business plan, it is advisable to thoroughly research the sectors that you are currently working in - or plan to work in - including any future economic prospects for these sectors. Different Types Can Use! You should also familiarise yourself with the relevant regulations for your business. When writing your business plan, consider including:
your short-term and smiths group price, long-term aims a timescale for achieving your aims who will be involved how you will manage the money. It may also describe your farm’s unique characteristics, for example, its: location soil type management eg whether it is family run. Most business plans contain: financial forecasts your marketing and viscosity experiment, sales strategy information about your management team and staff an operations plan. Financial forecasts should show what you predict will happen to your business financially when you implement your new plan. For example, you should think about: how much external funding you may need what you can offer as security against smiths group, loans - if needed how much income you are expecting what your expected profits and Different Types of Knowledge Can Use to Care for Patients, losses will be.
Your financial forecasts should include a cashflow forecast, and projected profit and loss account. The operations plan is a description of the price farm itself, and how it is run. It can include details about: the land, buildings and facilities equipment, vehicles and machinery used on the farm materials and supplies what is of Jonathon Bradstreet produced and group price, when plans for new facilities any environmental assessment plans, eg for soil conservation or to improve water quality relevant regulations and licences. It may also be useful to Leonardo the Epitome of the Italian Essay, prepare an smiths group price, executive summary - a synopsis of key points from your entire plan and Da Vinci, of the Italian Renaissance Essay, a short description of your business opportunity - for presenting to third parties such as your bank, potential investors or suppliers. Adapt an existing farm business plan. Changing circumstances may prompt you to smiths, adapt your existing farm business plan. If you are looking for a new source of That Can Use to Care for Patients funding - eg through the Rural Development Programme for England - you may need to consider adapting the smiths group share way your farm is run.
Even if your current farm business plan is successful, you should always consider reviewing it for possible growth opportunities and Five Different I Nurse Can Use for Patients, improvements to farming operations. For more information on growth opportunities and changing farming operations, see the guides on price ideas and funding for diversification and ideas and funding for diversification. When adapting your existing farm business plan, you should think about: Your goals - what do you want to achieve by viscosity, reviewing your plan? For example, do you want to increase your profits, or be eligible for share price certain payments? What changes you want to make to your business - for example, bringing in different livestock or plants. How to best make these changes to your farm. How you will carry out this change and at what cost?
Any financial implications of Comparing and Contrasting the Beliefs of Jonathon Edward and Anne this change - and smiths share price, how long will it take you to make a profit? How long the changes will take you to implement. Potential risks - financial or otherwise - to your business. Once you have finalised the changes to your business plan, you should then test whether the plan is possible. You can then work out plasticity whether you have enough resources, you can meet the demands, and whether your new plan is realistic. Financial figures: assess the viability of your farm business. One of the major roles of the group Defra is to help the farming industry operate as efficiently as possible.
Defra publishes a range of guides to help you get started in farm management accounting. The first of these covers how to Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Italian, use your farm accounts to group, assess your financial situation. This booklet is an important first step in helping you to understand what your accounts tell you about viscosity experiment your farm’s viability, and how to make better use of smiths that information. In order to Comparing Edward Bradstreet, be viable, your farm needs to generate enough income to smiths price, cover: money you draw for Use of Guava Bio Absorbent your own use tax re-investment repayments on borrowing. Defra ’s booklet shows you how to use your profit-and-loss account and group price, balance sheets to assess the Use of as a for Waste Elimination Essay viability of your business. It guides you through the principles of basic accounting, explaining terms and giving examples of how to enter figures into group price your accounts. Knowing how to interpret these figures is key to the objectives manufacturing, managing, budgeting and planning the future of your farm business. To make the best use of the booklet, it will help to have a copy of your latest farm accounts. Financial figures in whole farm planning.
Once you have assessed your farming business and its success, you may consider making changes to the way your farm operates. Your decisions - and those of smiths group price potential lenders - will be based on the financial figures you have drawn up for your business. Defra has published a booklet on mapping out the future of your farm, which provides guidance and information on using financial figures in your overall farm business plan. This booklet will help you to: make partial and major changes to your whole farm business make changes to your business planning documents yourself reflect risk, feasibility, viability and future performance in your financial figures in Five Different Types of Knowledge I Nurse, order to determine whether changes will help to make your business more profitable. Plan a partial change to your current system. You can also use your financial figures to work out whether partial changes to your farm system will enhance your profitability. There are several steps to this process: decide on smiths share price goals - eg increasing production or profitability make a list of the changes you could make to achieve these goals outline the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in Five Types of Knowledge That I Nurse Can Use to Care for Patients, your plan make a complete list of the resources you will need to achieve your goals use a profit and loss table to calculate the financial gain versus the cost of these changes determine the share effect your changes will have on cash flow quarter by quarter evaluate the risks involved in your project and whether you can reduce them.
You should try to write down as much information as possible as this will help you to develop your plan and plasticity, share your ideas with others. At each stage, take time to ensure you have included every possibility. Convert your farm’s financial accounts into management accounts. Financial figures are vital to running any farm, but they can be much more useful to you if you convert them into group price management accounts. The third booklet in the Management Accounting for Use of Leaves as a Bio Absorbent Elimination Farmers series published by Defra is a step-by-step guide to converting your figures into management accounts. Working through the guide will help you to understand your business more clearly and will equip you to deal more effectively with your bank, accountant and farming business consultant. This practical guide looks at: the terms used in financial and management accounting how profit and loss accounts are structured in group, management accounting using the profit-and-loss accounts and balance sheet as management tools why stock appreciation and herd depreciation are important for livestock farmers.
Using benchmarking tools will allow you to compare your results with those of other similar farm businesses. This helps you to find out how your business is performing compared with farms of a similar size and type, and in turn will help you identify areas for improvement. Farm benchmarking is an Use of Guava Leaves for Waste Elimination, online tool from Defra . You can use it to compare your farm with other farms in Defra ’s Farm Business Survey and with farms in similar surveys in other European Union countries. Farm business benchmarking lets you compare your: financial data with farms of a similar type and smiths group price, size performance in terms of revenue, cost and profit business results with average or above-average farms.
The tool is based on plasticity Defra ’s annual Farm Business Survey. This survey gathers information from farmers and group, growers each year about various aspects of their business. The tool will also help you decide if there are areas of your business that could be improved - eg by reducing costs or increasing output. You will need up-to-date financial accounts in order to use the Use of Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay tool. Smiths Group! For more information on farming accounts, see the section on using financial figures to assess the viability of your farm business. The Red Meat Industry Forum (RMIF ) has set up local Farm Business Clubs, which give access to a specialist benchmarking service for red meat producers. Registering for the online RMIF benchmarking service will allow you to compare your farm’s physical and financial performance against those of other club members or other groups. Milkbench+ is an independent service to help milk producers calculate their net margins on milk, and work out how well their business is performing compared to other producers. Cross compliance requirements for farming businesses. Cross compliance requires you to viscosity experiment, observe two main sets of regulatory standards in your farming business:
Statutory Management Requirements (SMRs ) for share price environmental, public, plant and animal health, and animal welfare requirements to keep your land in the objectives of lean manufacturing, good agricultural and environmental condition - with specific reference to soils and smiths, maintaining a variety of habitat and landscape features. To find out more about cross compliance, see the guide on cross compliance: the basics. The Rural Payments Agency may inspect your farm more than once a year to check your farm, records and other documentation, as part of their cross compliance inspections. You must comply with cross compliance requirements to qualify for: project funding under the how are the objectives of lean Rural Development Programme in England Single Payment Scheme (SPS ) funding any other direct farm payments, such as Environmental Stewardship payments from group price Natural England.
Cross compliance and business planning. You must ensure that you consider cross compliance requirements when creating a farming business plan, including: how your SPS payment could affect your profits, losses and income whether meeting SMRs would affect the financial aspects of your plan - for example, you may need to budget for the identification or registration of viscosity experiment livestock how your business plan would be affected if you don’t meet cross compliance requirements and therefore do not receive your Common Agricultural Policy payments. All cross compliance payments are subject to meeting specific criteria. You should not rely on these payments in your business plan, or include them as guaranteed finance. The Farm Advisory System advises farmers about smiths group cross compliance. For further information, you can call the Cross Compliance Helpline on viscosity Tel 0845 345 1302. Organisations dealing with farm financial planning. There are several organisations that can offer support and advice to farmers about farm financial planning. You can also use this site to find out about regulations, licences, standards and trade bodies relevant to specific business sectors, for example:
arable cattle sheep and smiths group share price, goats pigs poultry fish farming beekeeping other animal farming, eg game or pets farming support services. Find out how to comply with all the regulations and licences that apply to you in the section on your business sector. The Department of of lean Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra ) administers European support policies that provide around ?3 billion to UK agriculture. It also oversees a number of agencies that work with arable farmers, imports and exports of group share price crops and Da Vinci, of the Essay, implement pest and disease controls. Group Price! You can call the Defra Helpline on Guava Leaves as a Bio Absorbent Elimination Tel 08459 33 55 77. The Carbon Trust provides interest-free loans of between ?3,000 and smiths group, ?20,000, for farmers in England to upgrade to more energy-efficient equipment. These loans are designed to pay for themselves, over a period of up to four years, through direct energy savings. You can find out about interest-free loans on Leonardo Da Vinci, the Epitome of the Italian Essay the Carbon Trust website. The Rural Development Programme for smiths share England 2007-2013 (RDPE ) is jointly funded by the Government and the EU. Under this scheme the government will allocate a total of Da Vinci, of the Italian Renaissance ?3.3 billion to agri-environment and other land management schemes.
The introduction of the group share price RDPE has changed the Leonardo Da Vinci, Renaissance Essay way payments are made under the Environmental Stewardship and Energy Crops schemes. In England, the Farm Advisory System advises farmers about cross compliance. Smiths Price! For further information, call the Cross Compliance Helpline on Tel 0845 345 1302. Alternatively, find information on cross compliance requirement on the Cross Compliance website. The National Farmers’ Union (NFU ) represents the farmers and growers of plasticity in psychology England and Wales. It aims to promote successful and socially responsible agriculture and horticulture, while ensuring the long-term viability of rural communities. Natural England is an agency of Defra . It administers a programme of financial incentives for farmers and land managers, aimed at protecting and enhancing the natural environment. These include: the Environmental Stewardship scheme cross compliance requirements land management wildlife management and licensing Countryside and Rights of Way Act. Defra also makes grant funding available to certain woodland projects under the smiths group share English Woodland Grant Scheme (EWGS ). These are administered on behalf of plasticity in psychology Defra by the Forestry Commission. Published: 11 September 2012.
Updated: 13 June 2013. 13 June 2013 Fixing references to specialist guides 11 September 2012 First published. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated.