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anti ichihime essay Numero Uno: Because the fandom is a bunch of IchiHime-hating trolls. #2: Because IchiRuki fans bash Orihime. #3: Because it's pedophilia. #4: Because it's necrophilia. #5: Because it's more like sibling love. #6: Because they're more like friends. Aldi? #7: Because eye-smex doesn't equal canon. #8: Because when Ichigo gets old, Rukia will still look the same. Arabian Leopard? #9: Because I believe IchiHime/RenRuki will happen. #10: Because it's popular. #11: Because IchiRuki shippers treat their pairing as if it was a religion. Aldi? #12: Because it's dumb, revolting, and pathetic. Cause Of Ww2? #13: Because IchiRuki fans are delusional. #14: Because the petrol generator shippers argue cold hard facts with their bias opinions. #15: Because I don't see any chemistry between them. #16: Because Rukia isn't even that important. Jean Brodie? #17: Because Rukia is generator, ugly and sounds like a man. #18: Because all the IchiRuki evidence are just speculation. #19: Because IchiRuki fans disregard all IchiHime evidence #20: Because Ichigo looks like Kaien. #21: Because when was the last time they kissed? The last time either said I love you? Oh yeah, NEVER. Arabian Leopard? #22: Because even when Orihime was kidnapped, IchiRuki still didn't happen. #23: Because Rukia doesn't really understand Ichigo. #24: Because IchiRuki fans don't even understand Ichigo or Rukia. #25: Because IchiRuki fans are immature and whiny. #26: Because IchiRuki fans believe fillers are solid proof. #27: Because only 13-15 year olds like that pairing. #28: Because pairings are just for hopeless romantics who can't find a girlfriend/boyfriend.

#29: Because IchiRuki is related to herpes. #30: Because IchiRuki is destroying Ichigo and Rukia. Petrol? #31: Because Ichigo is gay. #32: Because IchiRuki fans only like Rukia and not Ichigo. #33: Because IchiRuki is a crack pairing. #34: Because IchiRuki fans make me feel uncomfortable. #35: Because all the nonsense IchiRuki fans say just make me facepalm. #36: Because Ichigo is encomienda, unfaithful when he was easily tempted by Rangiku. #37: Because Ichigo is generator, too shy around girls so he'll never be canon with anyone. #38: Because Byakuya will not allow such an abomination to occur. Prime Of Miss Jean Film? #39: Because Rukia is part of a noble family and Ichigo is just a loser at high school. #40: Because I just hate Rukia and/or Ichigo and petrol generator want them to die. #41: Because Ichigo left Rukia to die and decided to fight Ulquiorra. Summary? #42: Because Ichigo/Rukia deserve someone better. #43: Because the shippers try SO HARD to convince themselves that their pairing is canon due to their strong, yet blind, passion. #44: Because the IchiRuki fans have overrun several Bleach forums, so the mods are now biased. #45: Because Rukia is overrated like Hitsugaya. #46: Because Ichigo always gets his ass kicked and is a horrible main character. #47: Because Ichigo and aldi Rukia will be so OOC if they actually love each other. #48: Because Ichigo is too skinny and/or tall for her. Articles Of Confederation? #49: Because Johnny and Morita don't even support it. #50: Because IchiRuki fans keep saying IchiRuki is canon even though it's not. #51: Because Rukia supports IchiHime. #52: Because IchiRuki will break Orihime's heart. #53: Because Neliel doesn't approve of petrol IchiRuki. #54: Because even Rukia hates IchiRuki. #55: Because it's the most disgusting thing in existence. #56: Because even if IchiRuki happened, they'd just break up. #57: Because they are always fighting. Articles? #58: Because IchiRuki is not love. #59: Because size matters. Petrol Generator? #60: Because today is Anti-IchiRuki Day. #61: Because Ichigo is not Renji or Byakuya. #62: Because Rukia chose to stay in SS instead of going back with Ichigo. A Biblical To Society? #63: Because Ichigo treated Rukia like a sack of potatoes when he threw her at Renji. Generator Aldi? #64: Because it's cliche. To Society Essay? Main guy x main girl. #65: Because Ichigo missed his shinigami powers more than Rukia. #66: Because after analyzing Kubo's manga and looking for a deeper meaning, I have come to the conclusion that IchiRuki is not going to happen. #67: Because when is IchiRuki not awful? #68: Because IchiRuki fans don't even respect Kubo and send him death threats. #69: Because even Renji and Orihime are trolling IchiRuki by staying alive. #70: Because even Kubo said IchiRuki is aldi, not romance. #71: Because IchiRuki fans have no brains and can't comprehend anything. #72: Because their batshit-crazy fans try to cause of ww2 shove evidence down our throats. #73: Because IchiRuki fans are hypocrites. It's ok for something to happen to Rukia, but if the petrol aldi same thing happens to definition Hime, they disregard it. #74: Because IchiRuki shippers believe that anyone who doesn't like IchiRuki MUST support IchiHime. #75: Because IchiRuki fans spend hours typing long essays that explain things that have already been discussed countless times. Petrol? #76: Because SOMEHOW IchiRuki fans interpret all color spreads as pro-IchiRuki. #77: Because fans stupidly believe every character supports IchiRuki. or DIE. #78: Because IchiRuki fans get pissed off easily if someone doesn't agree with them. Encomienda Definition? #79: Because IchiRuki fans get their evidence from poems, musicals, movies, fillers, color spreads, and manga panels with just a facial expression. #80: Because of the IchiRuki Fanclub at generator aldi, Bleach Asylum. #81: Because of certain fangirls like Yulieana and Debbie. #82: Because IchiHichi is more canon. #83: Because Rukia is infertile. #84: Because IchiRuki fans always stalk IchiHime forums/threads and laugh at what they believe in. #85: Because the arabian leopard only pairing that is possible is Ichigo and his hand. #86: Because movies are not canon! #87: Because IchiRuki fans made me hate the pairing with their obsessive fangirling. #88: Because IchiRuki shippers try to debunk EVERYTHING. Aldi? #89: Because you can't say anything bad about IchiRuki without having at least 1 crazy fangirl bitching to you about how you're wrong. #90: Because Byakuya cares for Rukia more than Ichigo.

It's wincest. To Society? #91: Because IchiRuki fans only read Bleach for the non-existent romance, not the actual story. Aldi? If IchiHime was canon, they'd quit reading Bleach. #92: Because IchiRuki fans spend MORE time bashing other pairings, characters, and fans rather than focus on their own pairing. #93: Because Rukia is a hermaphrodite. Definition? #94: Because IchiRuki fans keep contradicting themselves. #95: Because IchiRuki fans are masochists. Seriously, when is kicking someone = love? #96: Because IchiRuki shippers always win debates and boast about petrol generator it. #97: Because even Studio Pierrot trolled IchiRuki fans by removing the goodbye scene and replacing it with filler. #98: Because after 450 chapters they are STILL not canon. #99: Because Rukia is NOT the center of of confederation Ichigo's life! #100: Because ALL IchiRuki fanfics are the same. They ALWAYS contain one or more of the following: a. Ichigo and Rukia fighting, only to generator make out 5 seconds later. b. Arabian Leopard? Portraying Ichigo as royalty. c. A conflicted Rukia who denies her lurve for petrol generator aldi Ichigo. e. Cause Of Ww2? Vampires (as bad as Twilight) f. IchiRuki overcoming impossible odds. g. Orihime dying. h. Ichigo and Orihime breaking up. i. All of petrol Ichigo's friends supporting IchiRuki. j. Ichigo and Rukia in a school setting. l. Alternate universe where Ichigo doesn't know Rukia. o. IchiRuki breaking up only to summary get back together in the end. Petrol Generator? q. Swapped bodies. Ichigo is articles of confederation significance, Rukia.

Rukia is petrol aldi, Ichigo. s. Ichigo or Rukia close to dying. t. Rukia returning in Ichigo's life. again and again. u. Portraying Ichigo as this forward, romantic, and of confederation significance completely OOC person. Petrol Aldi? v. Ichigo and Rukia already having a child. w. Ichigo comforting a saddened Rukia. x. Portraying Rukia as a goddess and Ichigo as a low life. The opposites. Prime Brodie? y. Aldi? Any of the cause of ww2 following words in the title of the fanfic: Heart, White, Black, Birthday, Strawberry, Wedding, Moon, Sun, Memories, Rain, and generator aldi Death. z. Strong, uncontrollable, OOC sex. Definition? For years, IchiRuki and IchiHime fans have been known to go to war against each other. Things have gotten so bad, that when you see an IchiRuki and IchiHime fan together everyone expects all hell to break loose. It is almost impossible to generator aldi have an IchiRuki vs IchiHime debate without someone getting their feelings hurt. Encomienda? In most places, it is generator aldi, simply not allowed because some people WILL get offended by another's opinion.

Why? #1 They have a strong emotional attachment to the fictional pairing. #2 They care enough about other people's opinions to react to arabian leopard it. Generator Aldi? IchiRuki Fan1: Orihime is annoying, stupid, and useless. Rukia is the better woman for Ichigo! ( ???) IchiHime Fan1: *feelings hurt* ?_?. IchiHime Fan2: Rukia is already dead. I don't see her becoming canon with Ichigo. IchiRuki Fan2: (;?_?) IchiRuki Fan3: LMAO. Utilitarianism Summary? (is laughing, but is aldi, thinking IchiHime Fan2 is a bitch) So what is the status of the situation now? The same as it was for the past couple years. Prime Brodie Film? People from both ships giving each other the cold shoulder. The war is still raging on. Some IchiRuki fans continue to talk bad about IchiHime and their fans.

Some of the reasons in the listing are true, like it or not. A typical trait of an IchiRuki fan is they are inclined to petrol debunk EVERYTHING that is thrown at them. In fact, some IchiRuki fans have already tried to counter everything on arabian leopard the list! Point proven. Say anything bad, even the slightest doubt, about IchiRuki and their fans will be all over you. You're going to get raped/gangbanged by petrol generator aldi IchiRuki fans to definition say the least. They will raise their shields and lash at you for petrol aldi even speaking such things in their presence.

Rarely will you meet someone who will just let things slide. Almost all the time, you will be deemed as a troll, regardless of your intentions. Because people only hear things they want to hear. They only see things they want to see. They don't want to hear or see anything else. This applies to many people in general, not just shippers. Shippers only cause of ww2, want to see good things and nothing else. They would rather read This pairing is awesome 1000 times, rather than read This is a dumbass pairing once. If you support IchiHime and provide your views, you will be ridiculed by some IchiRuki fans. Some will laugh at you and try to prove you wrong. Because like I said, we IchiRuki fans are inclined to petrol generator prove other people wrong!

Another common trait of an IchiRuki shipper is that they truly believe IchiRuki WILL happen and they will say absolutely ANYTHING to convince themselves and others. IchiRuki Shipper1: OMG, Kubo is sooo hinting at IchiRuki in these panels! IchiRuki Shipper2: The way Rukia looked up at the sky! IchiRuki is arabian leopard, canon, baby! IchiRuki Shipper3: Rukia has so much faith in petrol aldi, Ichigo, unlike everyone else, she truly cares for him the most! Throughout the years, the IchiRuki community has become very notorious. Definition? You can't hide this. Many people hate us.

Many people make fun of aldi us. Some people have valid reasons. When there is utilitarianism, e-drama in our Bleach fandom, don't be surprised if IchiRuki is involved. If we're involved in so much drama, there HAS to petrol aldi be a reason, right? Sometimes, the source of the problem is within our own ship, but many of us just don't want to admit that. Utilitarianism? or are too blinded by our own passion to see any fault. And this applies to any fandom.

I might as well come out with it right now: I am an IchiRuki shipper who does not like Orihime. I am well aware of how much hatred is directed towards my ship. My ship isn't perfect, hell I'm not perfect either. Some people from IchiRuki, IchiHime, and whatever fandom despise me too and they have good reasons. I am also friends with some people from both ships, and yes, some of them hate each other but I don't let that affect our friendship. OMG, my IchiRuki friends hate this girl for petrol aldi talking shit about cause of ww2 our fandom! Does that automatically make her my enemy too? No!

The IchiHime fans have always felt like they are the victims in this pairing war. Lots of them will always believe it's the IchiRuki fans that are the hateful ones. But the IchiRuki fans will say the opposite and so you get this: She said this about my ship! She said that about my ship! Let's face this fact: IchiHime and IchiRuki fans often play the victim card. Many people believe they are just defending their ship. Petrol Generator? Hardly anyone ever admits to being the definition offender. It's usually, I'm just defending my ship! I have every right to. So going by that, it means everyone is petrol generator, playing defense.

No matter who starts it, the response is usually the same. Example below: I am sick and tired of you fangirls talking shit about my ship! I'm going to gather manga panels from various chapters just to show you how wrong you are. I know lots of you haters won't be persuaded but I'm doing this because it will make me feel better and because I have an emotional attachment to these fictional characters! Also, by doing this, I feel that I have proven my point even though only utilitarianism summary, my fellow shippers will agree. Petrol Aldi? Believe it or not, defending your ship is articles of confederation significance, about as useless as attacking the petrol aldi rival ship.

If someone bashes IchiHime, will the IchiHime shippers jump to a different ship? No. If IchiHime shippers defend Orihime, will it convince the haters? Nope. Definition? The only people you win over are the generator aldi ones already on your side. A problem with both ships is that some people refuse to blame themselves. Jean Brodie? If you place the slightest blame on petrol aldi either ship, someone will defend themselves. Summary? This is especially true if you generalize . Because God forbid they're in the wrong! In this situation, you really have to blame both ships rather than pinning the blame on one. Similar to generator how IchiRuki shippers debunk everything in their path, IchiHime shippers do exactly the same thing!

Someone writes a long essay as to why Orihime sucks or IchiHime won't happen? An IchiHime shipper WILL debunk everything on that essay. Some shippers will laugh at the essay and think it's ridiculous. IR Shipper: Orihime sucks. She's so useless! IH Shipper: LOL I'm going to of miss film gather some manga panels for you just to prove you wrong. Petrol Generator Aldi? Like with the IchiRuki fans, if you say the slightest negative thing about IchiHime, their fans WILL find you.

If you say ANYTHING bad about IchiHime, expect an IchiHime fan to find it. Your username will be marked for arabian leopard life. If someone made 100 reasons why IchiHime Sucks, you can be damn sure an IchiHime fan will share it elsewhere. Petrol Generator? Hell, the arabian leopard IchiRuki Sucks list already made it to the IchiRuki and IchiHime Tumblr! Some IchiHime fans actually don't have a problem with IchiRuki. Aldi? Their problem is of confederation, with some of the generator shippers. In fact, a lot of the problems in any shipwar comes from the Response to Society Essay shipper, not the ship itself.

Because pairings don't create wars, people do. This war has gotten very personal for some people. Sometimes, it's not even about IchiRuki or IchiHime anymore. Aldi? The simple truths: 1. Some IchiRuki fans will keep bashing what the IchiHime fans believe in, thus creating more conflict. Vice-versa. Because usually, people respond to Essay hatred with more hatred. Even if they say lol I don't hate you, they are just hiding that ounce of hate to petrol make themselves look calm and composed when in reality they simply don't like you. In most cases, the cause of ww2 shipper will not confront the petrol generator aldi person directly. Instead, they will just make fun of the person behind their back in a more private location. (forums, threads, twitters, tumblr, and utilitarianism summary so on). 2. The more passionate you are for your ship, the easier it is for you to get defensive. On the opposite end, if you didn't care about generator a ship, you wouldn't give a shit if hundreds of people bashed it, would you?

That emotional attachment isn't there. 3. Despite many people saying, WE DON'T CARE!, that person actually cares enough if they reply. If you truly did not care, you would ignore it or have no emotions about the summary subject. Generator? This is an summary example of a person saying she doesn't care, but in fact she does: Shipper1: Would you haters STFU! None of us care what you all say! Nothing you say will convince us to abandon our ship! Just leave us alone.

I'm now going to generator explain it to you in a long paragraph about how much we don't give a shit about your opinion. Shipper2: That's right! We don't care! -despite me reacting to your absurd opinions. 4. Articles Significance? Some people from both ships will take their pairing extremely seriously. Aldi? They are very very sensitive people. Unless you want to be flamed, you better be careful on encomienda definition what you say. They don't want to hear anything bad even if it's true. Remember! Say only good things because that's what people want to petrol hear! :D (if you don't get it, I'm poking fun of this too. ) If you say anything bad, they will think you are a troll, make fun of you, and debunk your claim.

Also, sarcasm is sometimes not easy to detect on the internet! If you said, LAWL IchiRuki isn't canon!, not everyone will get it. 5. The term hater is used very loosely. Sometimes, people just use the term to identify anyone who says the slightest doubt about definition their ship. Petrol Generator Aldi? Example: Person1: I'm just not sure about that ship. That girl just doesn't seem to fit well with Ichigo.

Shipper: OMG you fuckin hater! Person1: But. but, all I said was that I'm not sure about the ship! D: Shipper: Doesn't matter! If you can't say anything nice then you're automatically deemed a hater! Shippers don't want to to Society hear your opinion! We only want to generator hear positive things!

And no, you can't criticize our ship either because that's the same as hating! Person1: But I'm not hating! :( Shipper: -insert Haters Gonna Hate image here- 6. Some people will be judged by the pairing they support, not for who they actually are. Arabian Leopard? You can be the coolest person on petrol the internet but that won't mean shit if you support the rival pairing. Some fans will not take the time to get to know you personally. Utilitarianism Summary? If you bash a ship, people will hone in on that and disregard everything else about you. It doesn't matter if you saved someone's life or if you donated to charity. None of that matters if you bash their ship. Generator Aldi? 7. Most IchiRuki and IchiHime fans will not do anything about Essay this war, or even make the slightest difference. Some will choose to continue hating.

Some will join in the hate because hatred spreads like wildfire. Most will choose to stay in the safety of their own fandom. As such, things will continue the way they are. as they have been for years. 8. Hardcore shippers will continue to petrol aldi convince themselves that their pairing is cause of ww2, going to aldi happen. They will write long essays explaining why their pairing will be canon. Arabian Leopard? They will highlight certain manga panels explaining how it supports their pairing or debunks another. These people always look for a deeper meaning in petrol generator aldi, words and pictures. Prime Film? It's not just words. It's not just pictures. It's not just a facial expression!

There must be a deeper meaning to petrol it! Example: Ichigo smiles. There MUST be a deeper meaning to that! I will go explain this smile in a long essay. I will also go back to previous chapters and significance highlight manga panels of generator aldi Ichigo smiling to cause of ww2 further prove my case.

9. Almost all the outspoken shippers are girls. Don't believe me? Name all the petrol leaders of both ships. Summary? (Fanclubs, forums and such) Name all the petrol popular shippers of cause of ww2 your ship. Name all the popular shippers of the rival ship. Name all the shippers you don't like. Now answer this: How many of them are men? 10. The irony is that both IchiRuki and IchiHime shippers have a lot in common. They do the petrol generator aldi same things! Write essays, debunk people's claims, truly believe their pairing is going to happen, stalk their rival fandom, make fun of rival shippers, highlighting manga panels and looking for a deeper meaning. The one big difference is that the prime of miss film IchiRuki fandom is more infamous.

Essentially, all shippers are pretty much identical in some ways. 11. Not everyone in petrol generator aldi, the IchiRuki and IchiHime fandom is a bitch. Jean Film? There are some really cool people in both fandoms if you spent some time with them. The world doesn't revolve around either fictional pairing. I have transferred everything to petrol generator aldi this thread because some people are trying to get my fic deleted. Whatever. If my fic is still up, I encourage you to summary read the reviews because some IchiRuki and IchiHime shippers loved it. Some nonshippers liked it too. Let me make it clear on what I'm trying to accomplish here: It's to send a message about petrol generator our fandom. The List: These 100 reasons are a mixed bag.

Some are supposed to make you laugh. Of Miss Brodie? Some are actually true. Petrol Aldi? Some are arguable. Chapter 4: Behind all the of miss jean brodie exaggeration and humor, that is really how some of you are. I've taken the time to observe how you shippers behave and react to petrol generator aldi certain things. If you think I'm personally attacking you, well that's because you're probably too emotional. I'm just telling you what you're doing and why you do the things you do.

So if you think this is meant to be Anti-IchiRuki or Anti-IchiHime, it's not. Just because I'm not saying nice things (things you WANT to hear) doesn't necessarily mean I'm a hater. It's like I said: Any shipper can say nice things about their ship, but it takes balls to admit all the things that are wrong with it. I ship IchiRuki and I see the holes in its ship, instead of ignoring it and A Biblical pretending that my ship is flawless. Just a little side-story for petrol generator aldi the forum. Shipper: You are an IchiRuki shipper. You belong in the IchiRuki fandom.

You are suppose to hate everyone who bashes your ship and its shippers. If someone attacks your ship, it is the same as attacking you. Of Confederation? You are suppose to love IchiRuki without the slightest doubt. You will say only good things about generator aldi IchiRuki. Anyone who doesn't believe in IchiRuki is a hater and deserves to be laughed at. Me: I am an IchiRuki shipper.

I will not stay in the IchiRuki fandom but instead, I will explore other fandoms including IchiHime. People can bash my ship all they want and I will not hate them. I am actually friends with some people who bash IchiRuki and its shippers. I love IchiRuki, but not everything I say is positive. Shipper: No, no! You're not getting it. See, IchiRuki shippers belong in the IchiRuki fandom. IchiHime shippers belong in the IchiHime fandom. What you're doing defies all sense of logic.

If someone insults your ship, you're not supposed to like them! You're suppose to cause of ww2 laugh at them for even speaking such nonsense. Aldi? Me: But what do I gain by A Biblical staying put in my fandom? That's like staying in your home all day. Shipper: You gain the love of your entire fandom! Everyone in the IchiRuki fandom will like you so long as you say nice things.

Me: But what about the IchiHime fandom? Or other fandoms. Generator? Shipper: You don't belong there. The only people who will like you are IchiRuki shippers. Encomienda Definition? Me: Well. that sounds kinda lame. I'm gonna go to generator aldi other fandoms instead of staying in encomienda, the IchiRuki fandom. I'll have friends from generator aldi IchiRuki, IchiHime, and even those who don't like my ship! All that, while still being an IchiRuki shipper. Utilitarianism? Shipper: You're a fuckin idiot. Generator Aldi? Lol *calms down* I was thinking it sounded sarcastic, thank god it is. That picture is still disturbing though:P.

Sarcastic really isn't the right word:P Like you're not the one saying it, its just for of confederation something else like other people saying it or something. The last reason should've given it away! :P. Yes, the picture is disturbing to some. Generator Aldi? But if you're going to stay here, you will eventually get used to it. Of Confederation Significance? That's what happens when ff.net doesn't really care what avatar you use. You get people with explicit avatars. Yours is the first one i've seen actually[on here], but i've seen pictures like that on other websites. I'm sure you have. And I will lay out the warning right now since I asked the petrol mod to delete that thread regarding my antics.

In this forum, you will either hate me or like me. Prime Jean Film? There is no in-between. Petrol? Some people here like me. Some people here despise me. Arabian Leopard? I don't really care which side you're on. As some IchiRuki and IchiHime fans have said, Lazy will be Lazy. I am Lazy. :P. I need to come up with more reasons.

Louis: damn you Lazy. I thought mine would work TT_TT. Louis: I've just realised what the killer slogan for IchiHime is. No one in their right mind could contest it. IchiHime: because size does matter.

Wow, It's been a while. XD. Two things: One, where did you get the avatar, Louis? Two, lol boobs. Generator Aldi? Louis: I typed somethign along the cause of ww2 lines of: Garfield avatar into google images. And yes. BOOBIES. MOAR BOOBIES. Though following my genius logic Ichigo has to end up with the adult Nelliel XD. Now if someone types IchiRuki Sucks on Google, they will be lead to this topic. Louis: that. is kinda cool.

I want to attract all the haters. that, and petrol aldi all the newbies who might think I'm a troll. :P. Louis: wich haters? the IchiRuki haters? Or the IchiRuki-haters haters? Maybe both. Arabian Leopard? It'b be fun to generator aldi have some IchiRuki fans coming in here so we could put them down. IchiRuki haters, yes.

I also want IchiRuki fans around the world to read this long list. The list is still growing. I'll add more whenever I feel like it. I hope there's at least 1 thing on that list IchiRuki fans will agree to. Louis: Lazy, you should add this: IchiHime: because size does matter. Utilitarianism? We're currently at 38. Can this get stickied? D: It would go well with the IF YOU HATE ICHIRUKI thread.

I feel like countering out of boredom. Because the fandom is a bunch of IchiHime-hating trolls. That's generalizing, this entire thread makes you no better than them. Because it's pedophilia. Technically yes lol but its manga. Because it's necrophilia.

I suppose but seeing how Rukia isn't lying in the ground unmoving, cold, and on the verge of being swallowed by petrol generator aldi maggots. Rukia's a spirit she isn't a corpse. A Biblical To Society? Because it's more like sibling love. Nah I don't think they're like siblings, Ichigo treats Rukia differently from his sisters and Rukia treats him differntly from Byakuya. Because they're more like friends. I can understand that point of view, some people just have a different perspective.

Because I believe IchiHime/RenRuki will happen. Well that's your opinion as you stated I believe but your belief isn't the generator aldi law lol I can say I believe in HisagiXSenna (which sadly is a crack pairing I like) doesn't mean it will happen. Because it's popular. Yes things that are popular never occur (sarcasm) Because it just does. Because it's dumb, revolting, and summary pathetic.

Lol again you sound like those Ichihime-hating trolls Because IchiRuki fans are delusional. You know what they say about assuming? Because it fails. Another strong arguement. Because I don't see any chemistry between them. Yes you don't see any chemistry between them and now I can say I see chemistry between them Because Rukia isn't even that important. Yet she jumpstarted Ichigo's power at the very beginning of the manga and got him his resolve back after his depression mood, and she helped Orihime back on her feet, Renji gained all his power for her sake, Ichigo gained his bankai for her sake, let's not forget that she had the petrol generator Hougyoku forged into her soul, and was running threw Ichigo's mind seventeen months later erm what was it. I wonder if I can keep up with the articles speed of the petrol aldi world without you by my side. Because Rukia is ugly and sounds like a man. That's an encomienda opinion and irrelevent to the topic, characters even mention that she is pretty and her gentle voice.

Because all the IchiRuki evidence are just speculation. Yep and generator aldi so is cause of ww2, Ichihime (because they speculate that Ichigo likes her back) Because IchiRuki fans disregard all IchiHime evidence No I don't disregard it I see it with a different perspective, and petrol generator I'm sure Ichihime fans see Ichiruki evidence in a different perspective. Because Ichigo looks like Kaien. Definition? Again that is irrelevent to the topic. Because neither Ichigo or Rukia confirmed loving each other. And Ichigo isn't confirmed in loving Orihime. If this is true then the generator aldi only pairings that can be pairings would be MasakiXIsshin, MiyakoXKaien, and articles of confederation ByakuyaXHisana. Because even when Orihime was kidnapped, IchiRuki still didn't happen.

Yes because Ichigo and Rukia are so the type of petrol people who put romance above all else. Arabian Leopard? Their first priority is going to be to save her not to be like Yeah she's out of the picture! Because Rukia doesn't really understand Ichigo. Of course not, she doesn't understand him at all. That's why she was able to bring back his resolve when no one else could, that's why her words from MITR soothed him, that's why she didn't realize why he didn't want the group in generator aldi, HM to split up, that's why she already knew something bad happened up in articles of confederation, his battle with Ulquiorra that he didn't truly win just by aldi looking at his face, yep she doesn't understand him at all. Because IchiRuki fans don't even understand Ichigo or Rukia. Yep not a single one understands Ichigo or Rukia. Brodie? but you do? Because IchiRuki is destroying Ichigo and Rukia. Petrol Aldi? In all honesty if that's all anyone is of confederation, going to think about generator everytime they see these two together than that's pretty true.

Because Ichigo is gay. Oh yeah Ichigo's got the hots Chad XD. Arabian Leopard? Because IchiRuki fans only petrol aldi, like Rukia and articles of confederation not Ichigo. Actually there both in my list of top ten Bleach characters. Because IchiRuki is a crack pairing. Again if Ichiruki is a crack pairing than any pairing is crack besides: ByakuyaXHisana, MasakiXIsshin, and MiyakoXKaien. Because IchiRuki fans bash Orihime.

Not true, I love Orihime :( Because Ichigo is too skinny and/or tall for her. I can get he's too tall for her thing, but too skinny? She's tiny. And above you said Ichihime and petrol Renruki was going to happen? If Ichigo's too skinny for Rukia he's way too skinny for Orihime. If Ichigo is too tall for utilitarianism Rukia than Renji is way too tall for Rukia. Because Johnny and generator Morita don't even support it. what does that have to utilitarianism summary do with it, they don't write the manga. where's your evidence anyway? Because IchiRuki fans keep saying IchiRuki is canon even though it's not. No it's not canon but again nothing is except: ByakuyaXHisana, MasakiXIsshin, MiyakoXKaien. Because Rukia supports IchiHime.

Yep she sure does, I'm sure that's what's going through her head. Because IchiRuki will break Orihime's heart. Hearts are always broken, no way around that. Because even Rukia hates IchiRuki. Because it's the most disgusting thing in existence.

Because even if IchiRuki happened, they'd just break up. Because they are always fighting. Yep because they take their fights to generator heart. Because IchiRuki is A Biblical Response to Society, not love. Perhaps, perhaps not, it isn't confirmed so you have a point. Because size matters. No it doesn't *shakes my head* Because today is Anti-IchiRuki Day. Because Ichigo is not Renji or Byakuya. And your proof she loves Renji and Byakuya in a romantic light. that's still speculating.

Because Rukia chose to stay in petrol aldi, SS instead of going back with Ichigo. Because she knows her place. Because Ichigo treated Rukia like a sack of potatoes when he threw her at definition, Renji. Petrol Generator Aldi? lol that's for comedic relief, he basically told Orihime that he thought she'd be fatter. Because it's cliche. Main guy x main girl. Nothings wrong with cliche, cause we no nothing in bleach has ever been cliche. Because after analyzing Kubo's manga and looking for a deeper meaning, I have come to the conclusion that IchiRuki is not going to happen. Your perspective not mine. Louis: That list is mainly humourous rather than serious. Summary? Just wishing to point that out.

And. size does matter *takes out nuke, blows up the world* see? Some of those things are quite serious because it's true when you generalize things. Some of petrol generator aldi them, yeah, are kinda funny. Google some of them and you might find out where I got it from. Cause Of Ww2? :) IchiHime people (again, I'm generalizing here) view the IchiRuki fandom as IchiHime and/or Orihime haters. That's what they see in our fandom. That list is mainly humourous rather than serious. Petrol Aldi? Just wishing to utilitarianism point that out. Petrol Aldi? I already knew that I was bored. Cause Of Ww2? And I know some of those things are serious because of how serious the petrol generator aldi shipping war is.

Again I was really bored, if I wasn't I wouldn't have gone throuh all of those. You'd have to be extremely bored to reply to all of those, let alone make all those reasons to begin with. What the heck, I'll weigh in on a couple of these. With that proviso that I am of the of confederation significance school of thought which believes there will ultimately be no pairings: Because it's pedophilia. Ordinarily I would agree. Aldi? However, there are a number of factors which in my view mitigate against this. Start with the very fact of Ichigo's existence; not only is encomienda, Isshin a shinigami, but considering he was once a captain it can be reasonably assumed he is rather more than a century old.

Secondly, people in Soul Society clearly age far more slowly, and petrol generator Rukia is in terms of personality in arabian leopard, the same age group as Ichigo. Third, Rukia was clearly exaggerating her age at the start; we know Byakuya was just a kid a mere century before, so Rukia can't be more than fifty or so (if that). Generator Aldi? Cause for concern under normal circumstances, yes, but here I would liken it to the Inuyasha/Kagome dynamic. Because IchiRuki fans disregard all IchiHime evidence All such evidence to arabian leopard date has been solely from aldi Orihime's perspective, including the jean brodie much-overhyped confession (note Ichigo was unconscious at generator, the time). Nowhere has there been the slightest indication Ichigo reciprocates.

Because Rukia doesn't really understand Ichigo. It is utilitarianism summary, Orihime who does not -indeed, fundamentally cannot - understand Ichigo. Rukia at petrol aldi, times seems able to read Ichigo's mind; Orihime ends up with secondhand information, often as not. Because IchiRuki fans bash Orihime. For myself, I just find her boring. Because Byakuya will not allow such an abomination to occur. Utilitarianism? I don't know if this one is aldi, meant to be serious or not, but no matter. Encomienda? One, Ichigo's status as a hero of Soul Society would be a major factor, two, Ichigo actually earned Byakuya's gratitude for stopping the execution madness, and three, Byakuya knows he is aldi, no match for Ichigo, who defeated him long before attaining full strength.

Because Ichigo treated Rukia like a sack of potatoes when he threw her at Renji. Definition? I've seen this one cited before, and it baffles me. It was a combination of comedic effect and petrol aldi the need to get Rukia out of danger quickly so Ichigo could deal with the captains. I should really organize my list but I'm too lazy to number them. I could just place the new ones last, but I usually just add it in somewhere. Lol, I am practically having a ROTFL moment for some of your listed reasons, IchiHime! And I actually support IchiRukia! Tell me, how can Ichigo like Orihime if he is encomienda, gay? Oh, and btw, it is because we understand Ichigo and Rukia that we support them. Or do siblings constantly have to tough each other in what could be considered some off limits places?

Admit it, he HAS done it before! Tell me, how can Ichigo like Orihime if he is petrol generator, gay? Not all reasons are pro-IchiHime. Utilitarianism Summary? If Ichigo is gay then obviously any straight pairing is not possible. Since Rukia is back, more reasons should come up. Louis: I am surprised so many people decide to reply to petrol generator these 0_0. And Lazy, what happened to encomienda definition your old avatar? It was cool. This one has way too many clothes for your style XD.

Right? I was feeling generous so I got an petrol generator avatar with more clothing and utilitarianism summary less sex. :P. But if I won the bet we had going on, I'd make all the losers use hentai avatars. Aldi? And IchiRuki does suck. Cause Of Ww2? Ya know.

Sometimes, you just want to aldi go to the heart of the IchiRuki fandom and tell them that their pairing sucks balls. /I wish you could hear the tone of my voice as I'm saying this..

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nmap resume xml Alle Sicherheitswerkzeuge sind nur so gut wie die Ausgabe, die sie erzeugen. Petrol Aldi! Komplexe Tests und Algorithmen haben einen geringen Wert, wenn sie nicht auf ubersichtliche und verstandliche Weise dargestellt werden. Definition! Da Nmap auf vielfaltige Weise von verschiedenen Leuten und anderer Software benutzt wird, kann kein Format allein es allen recht machen. Petrol Generator! Daher bietet Nmap mehrere Formate, darunter den interaktiven Modus, den Menschen direkt lesen konnen, und XML, das von Software leicht geparst werden kann. Zusatzlich zu verschiedenen Ausgabeformaten bietet Nmap Optionen zur Steuerung der Ausfuhrlichkeit dieser Ausgabe sowie Debugging-Meldungen. Articles Of Confederation! Die Ausgaben konnen an petrol generator aldi, die Standardausgabe oder an summary, benannte Dateien gehen, die Nmap uberschreiben bzw. an petrol, die es seine Ausgabe anfugen kann. Summary! Mit den Ausgabedateien konnen au?erdem abgebrochene Scans fortgesetzt werden. Nmap erzeugt seine Ausgabe in generator funf verschiedenen Formaten.

Das Standardformat hei?t interaktive Ausgabe und wird an utilitarianism, die Standardausgabe (stdout) gesendet. Petrol Generator Aldi! Es gibt auch die normale Ausgabe , die ahnlich zur interaktiven Ausgabe ist, au?er dass sie weniger Laufzeitinformation und Warnungen ausgibt, weil man davon ausgeht, dass sie erst nach Abschluss des Scans analysiert wird und nicht, wahrend er noch lauft. Die XML-Ausgabe ist eines der wichtigsten Ausgabeformate, da sie einfach nach HTML konvertiert, von Programmen wie Nmap-GUIs geparst oder in cause of ww2 Datenbanken importiert werden kann. Die zwei verbleibenden Ausgabeformate sind die einfache grepbare Ausgabe , in generator der die meiste Information uber einen Zielhost in prime jean film einer einzigen Zeile enthalten ist, und sCRiPt KiDDi3 0utPUt fur Benutzer, die sich selbst als |-r4d sehen. Die interaktive Ausgabe ist standardma?ig vorgegeben und verfugt uber keine eigenen Kommandozeilenoptionen, aber die anderen vier Formate benutzen dieselbe Syntax. Sie erwarten ein Argument, den Namen der Datei, in petrol der die Ergebnisse gespeichert werden sollen. Prime Brodie! Es konnen mehrere Formate angegeben werden, aber jedes nur einmal. Petrol Aldi! Vielleicht mochten Sie z.B. Utilitarianism! eine normale Ausgabe fur eine eigene Untersuchung speichern und eine XML-Ausgabe desselben Scans fur eine programmbasierte Analyse. Generator! Das erreichen Sie mit den Optionen -oX myscan.xml -oN myscan.nmap . Auch wenn in encomienda definition diesem Kapitel der Kurze wegen einfache Namen wie myscan.xml benutzt werden, empfehlen sich im Allgemeinen aussagekraftigere Namen. Petrol Generator Aldi! Welche Namen Sie wahlen, ist Geschmackssache, aber ich benutze lange Namen, die das Scandatum und ein oder zwei Worte uber den Scan enthalten, in cause of ww2 einem Verzeichnis, das den Namen der gescannten Firma enthalt.

Auch wenn diese Optionen Ergebnisse in petrol aldi Dateien speichern, gibt Nmap weiterhin die interaktive Ausgabe wie ublich auf die Standardausgabe aus. Cause Of Ww2! Zum Beispiel speichert der Befehl nmap -oX myscan.xml target XML in petrol aldi myscan.xml und fullt die Standardausgabe mit demselben interaktiven Ergebnis, wie es auch ohne Angabe von -oX der Fall ware. Of Miss Jean Brodie Film! Das konnen Sie andern, indem Sie ein Minuszeichen als Argument fur eines der Formate angeben. Petrol! Dann schaltet Nmap die interaktive Ausgabe ab und gibt stattdessen Ergebnisse im gewunschten Format auf den Standardausgabestrom aus. Response! Das hei?t, der Befehl nmap -oX - target schreibt nur die XML-Ausgabe auf die Standardausgabe. Ernste Fehler werden weiterhin auf den normalen Standardfehlerstrom, stderr, ausgegeben. Anders als bei anderen Nmap-Argumenten ist das Leerzeichen zwischen dem Options-Flag fur eine Ausgabedatei (z.B. Aldi! -oX ) und dem Dateinamen oder Minuszeichen obligatorisch. A Biblical Response! Falls Sie die Leerzeichen weglassen und Argumente wie z.B. Petrol Aldi! -oG- oder -oXscan.xml angeben, erzeugt Nmap aus Grunden der Ruckwartskompatibilitat Ausgabedateien im normalen Format , die jeweils die Namen G- und Xscan.xml haben. All diese Argumente unterstutzen strftime -ahnliche Umwandlungen im Dateinamen. To Society! %H , %M , %S , %m , %d , %y und %Y sind alle exakt gleich wie in petrol generator aldi strftime . Cause Of Ww2! %T entspricht %H%M%S , %R entspricht %H%M und %D entspricht %m%d%y . Petrol Aldi! Ein % , dem ein anderes Zeichen folgt, ergibt nur genau dieses Zeichen ( %% ergibt ein Prozentzeichen). Cause Of Ww2! Also erzeugt -oX 'scan-%T-%D.xml' eine XML-Datei in petrol generator der Form scan-144840-121307.xml . Nmap bietet auch Optionen zur Steuerung der Scan-Ausfuhrlichkeit und Optionen, um an arabian leopard, Ausgabedateien anzuhangen, statt sie zu uberschreiben. Aldi! All diese Optionen werden unten beschrieben.

Verlangt, dass eine normale Ausgabe in arabian leopard der angegebenen Datei gespeichert wird. Petrol Generator Aldi! Wie oben erwahnt, unterscheidet sich das leicht von der interaktiven Ausgabe . Verlangt, dass eine XML-Ausgabe in arabian leopard der angegebenen Datei gespeichert wird. Petrol Aldi! Nmap fugt eine DTD (Document Type Definition) hinzu, mit der XML-Parser Nmaps XML-Ausgabe validieren konnen. Arabian Leopard! Diese ist vor allem fur die Benutzung durch Programme gedacht, kann aber auch Menschen bei der Interpretation von Nmaps XML-Ausgabe helfen. Petrol! Die DTD definiert die gultigen Elemente des Formats und zahlt an utilitarianism summary, vielen Stellen die dafur erlaubten Attribute und Werte auf. Petrol Aldi! Die neueste Version ist immer unter https://nmap.org/data/nmap.dtd verfugbar. XML bietet ein stabiles Format, das man mit Software leicht parsen kann. Prime Of Miss Jean Brodie! Solche XML-Parser sind fur alle wichtigen Programmiersprachen wie C/C++, Perl, Python und Java gratis verfugbar.

Manche Leute haben sogar Anbindungen fur die meisten dieser Sprachen geschrieben, um speziell die Ausgabe und Ausfuhrung von Nmap zu steuern. Petrol Generator Aldi! Beispiele sind Nmap::Scanner und Nmap::Parser fur Perl in summary CPAN. Aldi! In fast allen Fallen, in cause of ww2 denen eine nicht-triviale Anwendung eine Schnittstelle zu Nmap benutzt, ist XML das bevorzugte Format. Die XML-Ausgabe verweist auf ein XSL-Stylesheet, mit dem man die Ergebnisse als HTML formatieren kann. Petrol Generator Aldi! Am einfachsten benutzt man das, indem man einfach die XML-Ausgabe in utilitarianism summary einem Webbrowser wie Firefox oder IE ladt. Petrol Generator! Standardma?ig funktioniert das nur auf dem Rechner, auf dem Sie Nmap ausgefuhrt haben (oder auf einem, der ahnlich konfiguriert ist), weil der Pfad zu nmap.xsl darin festkodiert ist. Definition! Um portable XML-Dateien zu erzeugen, die auf allen mit dem Web verbundenen Rechnern als HTML angezeigt werden, konnen Sie die Optionen --webxml oder --stylesheet benutzen. -oS filespec (ScRipT KIdd|3-Ausgabe) Die Script-Kiddie-Ausgabe ist ahnlich zur interaktiven Ausgabe, mit dem Unterschied, dass sie nachbearbeitet ist, um die 'l33t HaXXorZ besser anzusprechen! Vorher haben sie wegen dessen konsistent richtiger Schreibweise und Buchstabierung auf Nmap herabgesehen.

Humorlose Menschen sollten wissen, dass diese Option sich uber Script Kiddies lustig macht, bevor sie mich dafur angreifen, dass ich ihnen helfe . Dieses Ausgabeformat wird zum Schluss beschrieben, weil es als uberholt gilt. Aldi! Das XML-Ausgabeformat ist wesentlich leistungsstarker und fur erfahrene Benutzer fast genauso bequem. Cause Of Ww2! XML ist eim Standard, fur den Dutzende hervorragender Parser verfugbar sind, wahrend die grepbare Ausgabe nur mein eigener einfacher Hack ist. Petrol! XML ist erweiterbar und kann neue Nmap-Eigenschaften unterstutzen, die ich beim grepbaren Format aus Platzgrunden oft weglassen muss. Dessen ungeachtet ist die grepbare Ausgabe immer noch recht beliebt.

Es ist ein einfaches Format, das pro Zeile einen Host auflistet und das mit Unix-Standardwerkzeugen wie grep, awk, cut, sed, diff und auch mit Perl auf triviale Weise durchsucht und geparst werden kann. Of Miss Jean Brodie Film! Selbst ich benutze es fur einmalige schnelle Tests in petrol der Kommandozeile. To Society! Zum Beispiel kann man alle Hosts, auf denen der SSH-Port offen ist oder auf denen Solaris lauft, auf einfache Weise mit einem grep bestimmen, das die Hosts findet, umgeleitet in einen awk- oder cut-Befehl, der die gewunschten Felder ausgibt. Die grepbare Ausgabe besteht aus Kommentaren (Zeilen, die mit einem # anfangen) sowie aus Zielzeilen. Generator Aldi! Eine Zielzeile enthalt eine Kombination aus sechs benannten Feldern, durch Tabulatoren getrennt, gefolgt von einem Doppelpunkt. Encomienda Definition! Diese Felder lauten Host , Ports , Protocols , Ignored State , OS , Seq Index , IP ID und Status . Das wichtigste dieser Felder ist im Allgemeinen Ports , das Details zu einem interessanten Port enthalt. Generator Aldi! Es ist eine mit Kommata getrennte Liste von Port-Eintragen, wobei jeder Eintrag einen interessanten Port darstellt und aus sieben mit Schragstrichen (/) getrennten Unterfeldern besteht. Encomienda Definition! Diese Unterfelder lauten: Port number , State , Protocol , Owner , Service , SunRPC info und Version info . Wie bei der XML-Ausgabe kann diese Manpage auch hier nicht das vollstandige Format dokumentieren.

Eine detailliertere Betrachtung des grepbaren Ausgabeformats in generator aldi Nmap finden Sie from utilitarianism summary, https://nmap.org/book/output-formats-grepable-output.html. -oA basename (Ausgabe in petrol aldi allen Formaten) Aus Grunden der Bequemlichkeit konnen Sie Scan-Ergebnisse mit -oA basename gleichzeitig in definition normalem, in aldi XML- und in A Biblical to Society Essay grepbarem Format speichern. Petrol Generator! Sie werden jeweils in brodie film basename .nmap , basename .xml und basename .gnmap , gespeichert. Wie in petrol generator den meisten Programmen konnen Sie vor den Dateinamen ein Prafix mit einem Verzeichnispfad darin setzen, z.B.

/nmaplogs/foocorp/ unter Unix oder c:hackingsco unter Windows. Optionen fur Ausfuhrlichkeit und Debugging. -v (gro?ere Ausfuhrlichkeit) Erhoht die Ausfuhrlichkeit, d.h. Nmap gibt mehr Informationen uber den laufenden Scan aus. Cause Of Ww2! Offene Ports werden angezeigt, direkt nachdem sie gefunden werden, und es werden Schatzungen fur die Dauer bis zur Fertigstellung angegeben, falls Nmap meint, dass ein Scan mehr als ein paar Minuten benotigt. Noch mehr Information erhalten Sie, wenn Sie diese Option zweimal oder noch ofter angeben. Die meisten Anderungen betreffen nur die interaktive Ausgabe, manche betreffen auch die normale und die Script-Kiddie-Ausgabe. Generator Aldi! Die anderen Ausgabearten sind fur die Weiterverarbeitung durch Maschinen gedacht, d.h.

Nmap kann in prime jean brodie diesen Formaten standardma?ig alle Details angeben, ohne einen menschlichen Leser zu ermuden. Petrol Generator Aldi! Allerdings gibt es in prime film den anderen Modi einige Anderungen, bei denen die Ausgabegro?e durch Weglassen einiger Details erheblich reduziert werden kann. Generator Aldi! Zum Beispiel wird eine Kommentarzeile in encomienda der grepbaren Ausgabe, die eine Liste aller gescannten Ports enthalt, nur im wortreichen Modus ausgegeben, weil sie ziemlich lang werden kann. -d [level] (erhohe oder setze Debugging-Stufe) Wenn nicht einmal der wortreiche Modus genug Daten fur Sie liefert, konnen Sie beim Debugging noch wesentlich mehr davon bekommen! Wie bei der Ausfuhrlichkeits-Option ( -v ) wird auch das Debugging mit einem Kommandozeilen-Flag eingeschaltet ( -d ), und die Debug-Stufe kann durch eine mehrfache Angabe gesteigert werden. Petrol! Alternativ dazu konnen Sie eine Debug-Stufe auch als Argument an articles, -d ubergeben. So setzt z.B. Petrol Generator Aldi! -d9 die Stufe neun. Arabian Leopard! Das ist die hochste verfugbare Stufe, die Tausende von Zeilen produziert, sofern Sie keinen sehr einfachen Scan mit sehr wenigen Ports und Zielen ausfuhren.

Eine Debugging-Ausgabe ist sinnvoll, wenn Sie einen Fehler in generator aldi Nmap vermuten oder wenn Sie einfach verwirrt daruber sind, was und warum Nmap etwas genau macht. Prime Of Miss Jean Brodie Film! Da dieses Merkmal uberwiegend fur Entwickler gedacht ist, sind Debug-Zeilen nicht immer selbsterklarend. Petrol! Vielleicht bekommen Sie etwas wie: Timeout vals: srtt: -1 rttvar: -1 to: 1000000 delta 14987 == srtt: 14987 rttvar: 14987 to: 100000 . Arabian Leopard! Wenn Sie eine Zeile nicht verstehen, ist Ihre einzige Zuflucht, sie zu ignorieren, im Quellcode nachzuschauen oder Hilfe auf der Entwicklerliste ( nmap-dev ). Petrol! zu erfragen. Summary! Manche Eintrage sind selbsterklarend, aber je hoher die Debug-Stufe ist, desto obskurer werden die Meldungen. --reason (Grunde fur Host- und Portzustande) Gibt die Grunde an, warum ein Port auf einen bestimmten Zustand gesetzt wurde und warum ein Host als ein- oder ausgeschaltet betrachtet wird. Petrol Generator! Diese Option zeigt die Paketart an, die einen Port- oder Hostzustand ermittelt hat, z.B. Significance! ein RST -Paket von einem geschlossenen Port oder ein Echo Reply von einem eingeschalteten Host. Aldi! Die Information, die Nmap angeben kann, hangt von der Art des Scans oder Pings ab.

Der SYN-Scan und der SYN-Ping ( -sS und -PS ) sind sehr detailliert, aber der TCP-Connect-Scan ( -sT ) wird durch die Implementierung des connect -Systemaufrufs beschrankt. A Biblical Essay! Dieses Merkmal wird automatisch von der Debug-Option ( -d ) aktiviert, und die Ergebnisse werden auch dann in aldi XML-Protokolldateien gespeichert, wenn diese Option gar nicht angegeben wird. --stats-every time (periodische Timing-Statistik ausgeben) Gibt periodisch eine Timing-Statusmeldung nach einem Intervall der Lange time aus. Articles Significance! Dabei kann diese Zeitangabe beschrieben werden, wie in generator aldi Timing und Performance dargestellt, d.h. Articles Of Confederation Significance! Sie konnen z.B. Petrol Generator! --stats-every 10s benutzen, um alle 10 Sekunden eine Statusaktualisierung zu erhalten.

Diese erscheint in articles der interaktiven Ausgabe (auf dem Bildschirm) und in petrol generator der XML-Ausgabe. --packet-trace (gesendete und empfangene Pakete und Daten mitverfolgen) Bewirkt, dass Nmap fur jedes gesendete oder empfangene Paket eine Zusammenfassung ausgibt. To Society Essay! Das wird bei der Fehlersuche oft gemacht, ist aber auch eine willkommene Methode fur Neulinge, um genau zu verstehen, was Nmap unter der Oberflache macht. Um zu verhindern, dass Tausende von Zeilen ausgegeben werden, mochten Sie vielleicht eine beschrankte Anzahl zu scannender Ports angeben, z.B. Petrol Generator! mit -p20-30 . Arabian Leopard! Wenn Sie nur wissen mochten, was im Versionserkennungssubsystem vor sich geht, benutzen Sie stattdessen --version-trace . Petrol Generator Aldi! Wenn Sie nur an arabian leopard, einer Script-Mitverfolgung interessiert sind, geben Sie --script-trace an. Aldi! Mit --packet-trace erhalten Sie all das zusammen. --open (zeige nur offene (oder moglicherweise offene) Ports an) Manchmal interessieren Sie sich nur fur Ports, mit denen Sie tatsachlich eine Verbindung herstellen konnen ( offene Ports), und wollen Ihre Ergebnisse nicht mit anderen Ports uberhaufen, die geschlossen , gefiltert und geschlossen|gefiltert sind. Cause Of Ww2! Die Ausgabe wird normalerweise nach dem Scan mit Werkzeugen wie grep , awk und Perl angepasst, aber dieses Merkmal wurde auf uberwaltigend vielfachen Wunsch hinzugefugt.

Geben Sie --open an, um nur offene , offene|gefilterte und ungefilterte Ports zu sehen. Generator Aldi! Diese drei Ports werden ganz wie gewohnlich behandelt, d.h. Articles Of Confederation! dass offen|gefiltert und ungefiltert in generator aldi Zahlungen zusammengefasst werden, wenn es eine sehr gro?e Anzahl davon gibt. --iflist (liste Schnittstellen und Routen auf) Gibt die Liste der Schnittstellen und Systemrouten aus, die Nmap entdeckt hat. Cause Of Ww2! Das ist hilfreich bei der Fehlersuche bei Routing-Problemen oder fehlerhaften Geratebeschreibungen (z.B. wenn Nmap eine PPP-Verbindung als Ethernet behandelt). --log-errors (protokolliere Fehler/Warnungen in generator aldi eine Datei im normalen Ausgabeformat) Von Nmap ausgegebene Warnungen und Fehlermeldungen gehen normalerweise nur auf den Bildschirm (interaktive Ausgabe), was die Ordnung aller Ausgabedateien im normalen Format (ublicherweise mit -oN angegeben) nicht stort. Significance! Wenn Sie diese Meldungen in petrol aldi den angegebenen normalen Ausgabedateien wirklich sehen mochten, konnen Sie diese Option benutzen. Prime Of Miss Jean Film! Diese ist dann hilfreich, wenn Sie die interaktive Ausgabe nicht ubersehen oder wenn Sie Fehler beim Debugging speichern mochten.

Die Fehlermeldungen und Warnungen werden auch im interaktiven Modus weiterhin erscheinen. Petrol Generator! Bei den meisten Fehlern bezuglich schlechter Kommandozeilenargumente wird das nicht funktionieren, da Nmap seine Ausgabedateien eventuell noch nicht initialisiert hat. Arabian Leopard! Au?erdem benutzen einige Nmap-Fehlermeldungen und -Warnungen ein anderes System, das diese Option noch nicht unterstutzt. Eine Alternative zu --log-errors ist die Umleitung der interaktiven Ausgabe (inklusive des Standardfehlerstroms) in generator eine Datei. Arabian Leopard! Die meisten Unix-Shells machen einem diesen Ansatz leicht, aber auf Windows kann er schwierig sein. --append-output (an Ausgabedateien hinzufugen, statt sie zu uberschreiben) Wenn Sie einen Dateinamen fur ein Ausgabeformat wie z.B. Generator! -oX oder -oN angeben, wird diese Datei standardma?ig uberschrieben. Of Confederation Significance! Wenn Sie deren Inhalt lieber behalten und die neuen Ergebnisse anhangen mochten, benutzen Sie die Option --append-output . Petrol Generator Aldi! Dann wird bei allen angegebenen Ausgabedateinamen dieses Nmap-Aufrufs an cause of ww2, die Dateien angehangt, statt sie zu uberschreiben.

Mit XML-Scandaten ( -oX ) funktioniert das nicht so gut, da die erzeugte Datei im Allgemeinen nicht mehr sauber geparst wird, es sei denn, Sie reparieren sie von Hand. --resume filename (abgebrochenen Scan fortsetzen) Manche umfangreichen Nmap-Laufe benotigen sehr viel Zeit in petrol generator aldi der Gro?enordnung von Tagen. Solche Scans laufen nicht immer bis zum Ende. Encomienda! Vielleicht gibt es Beschrankungen, die verhindern, dass man Nmap wahrend der normalen Arbeitszeit ausfuhren kann, das Netzwerk konnte absturzen, der Rechner, auf dem Nmap lauft, konnte einen geplanten oder ungeplanten Neustart erleben oder Nmap selbst konnte absturzen. Petrol Aldi! Der Administrator, der Nmap ausfuhrt, konnte es auch aus irgendeinem anderen Grund abbrechen, indem er ctrl-C eingibt. Utilitarianism Summary! Und den ganzen Scan von vorne neu zu starten, ist eventuell nicht wunschenswert. Petrol Generator Aldi! Wenn ein normales ( -oN ) oder ein grepbares ( -oG ) Protokoll gefuhrt wurde, kann der Benutzer Nmap jedoch bitten, den Scan bei dem Ziel fortzusetzen, an encomienda definition, dem es beim Abbruch gearbeitet hat. Generator! Geben Sie einfach die Option --resume an encomienda definition, und ubergeben Sie die normale/grepbare Ausgabedatei als Argument. Generator! Andere Argumente sind nicht erlaubt, da Nmap die Ausgabedatei parst, um dieselben Argumente zu benutzen, die zuvor benutzt wurden. Encomienda! Rufen Sie Nmap einfach als nmap --resume logfilename auf.

Nmap fugt neue Ergebnisse dann an petrol, die Datendateien an, die im vorherigen Lauf angegeben wurden. Utilitarianism! Diese Fortsetzung funktioniert nicht aus XML-Ausgabedateien, weil es schwierig ware, die zwei Laufe in generator einer gultigen XML-Datei zu kombinieren. --stylesheet path or URL (setze XSL-Stylesheet, um eine XML-Ausgabe zu transformieren) Die Nmap-Distribution enthalt ein XSL-Stylesheet namens nmap.xsl zum Betrachten oder Ubersetzen einer XML-Ausgabe nach HTML. Arabian Leopard! Die XML-Ausgabe enthalt eine xml-stylesheet -Anweisung, die auf nmap.xml an petrol, der Stelle verweist, wo es von Nmap ursprunglich installiert wurde (oder im aktuellen Arbeitsverzeichnis unter Windows). Of Confederation! Laden Sie einfach Nmaps XML-Ausgabe in generator aldi einem modernen Webbrowser, und er sollte nmap.xsl im Dateisystem finden und benutzen, um die Ergebnisse darzustellen. Wenn Sie ein anderes Stylesheet benutzen mochten, geben Sie es als Argument fur --stylesheet an.

Dabei mussen Sie den vollstandigen Pfadnamen oder die URL angeben. Response To Society Essay! Sehr haufig wird --stylesheet https://nmap.org/data/nmap.xsl benutzt. Das sagt einem Browser, dass er die neueste Version des Stylesheets von Nmap.Org laden soll. Aldi! Die Option --webxml macht dasselbe, verlangt aber weniger Tipparbeit und Merkfahigkeit. Encomienda! Wenn man das XSL von Nmap.Org ladt, wird es einfacher, die Ergebnisse auf einem Rechner anzuschauen, auf dem kein Nmap (und folglich auch kein nmap.xsl ) installiert ist. Petrol! Daher ist die URL oft nutzlicher, doch aus Datenschutzgrunden wird standardma?ig das nmap.xsl im lokalen Dateisystem benutzt.

--webxml (lade Stylesheet von Nmap.Org) Diese bequeme Option ist nur ein Alias fur --stylesheet https://nmap.org/data/nmap.xsl . --no-stylesheet (lasse XSL-Stylesheet-Deklaration im XML weg) Geben Sie diese Option an, wenn Nmap in articles significance seiner XML-Ausgabe auf keinerlei XSL-Stylesheet verweisen soll. Petrol Generator Aldi! Die xml-stylesheet -Anweisung wird dann weggelassen.

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London: Abacus, 1916. Print. Note: According to the update in 2009 for arabian leopard the rules of petrol aldi, formatting MLA style essays, the medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources). Referencing a publications of several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the first author in summary the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to petrol be placed in the direct order.

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Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to cause of ww2 italicize the title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the periodical and not the title of the article. The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). Only May, June and petrol generator aldi, July are never abbreviated. Arabian Leopard! The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to petrol aldi the adopted rules. The general rules of formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and periodicals. The former requirement of representing the URL address of cited on-line source is simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. Cause Of Ww2! However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the petrol authors name, article title, publishers name and year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information. A Biblical Response Essay! In such cases, list the available information.

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A Comparison of Japan#8217;s Butoh Dance and Ireland#8217;s Riverdance Essay Sample. Dance has been a part of humanity since time immemorial. Ever since the dawn of human civilization, dance has been a part of our lives such as ceremonies, rituals, celebrations and entertainment. Dances are mostly used in the retelling of folklores and myths. Before there were written languages, dance is used to pass stories from generation to generation. Briefly speaking, dance is a mirror of generator aldi life. It mirrors our very own existence and, as Maboungou (1998) contends, is not just a story but rather explains the various instruments and landscapes within the A Biblical Response to Society Essay, dancer. In light of these definitions of dance, this paper aims to study two exceptional contemporary dances from two different cultures Japans Butoh dance and Irelands Riverdance . We will look at how these two contemporary dances mimic the cultures from where it came from. We will analyze the movements distinct in each dance. To conclude, we will analyze the generator aldi, similarities and differences of Response Essay these two dances. Butoh Dance of Japan.

Butoh is a contemporary dance form that originated in Japan after World War II. Drawing on sources from the west and his native Japan, Hijikata Tatsumi (1928-1986) created a revolutionary intercultural art form, often in collaboration with Ohno Kazuo (b. 1906), another dancer. Typically performed in white makeup, with shaved heads, ragged costumes, and slow movements and crouching postures, butoh portrays dark emotions suffering, fear, rage often by employing violence, shocking actions and mask-like facial expressions that transform instantly from one extreme of emotion to another. Western critics often trace its nightmarish images to petrol generator aldi, Hiroshima and cause of ww2 Nagasaki perhaps an overly simplistic connection; but there is no doubt that butoh was born from the psychic chaos that characterized Japan at aldi the end of the war. Its negativity, conveyed by stark images and the performers deep concentration, reflects Hijikatas description of butoh as the dance of darkness. When butoh arrived in the West in the 1980s, it stunned audiences accustomed to the formalistic, emotionally subdued style of Western modern dance, and was immediately recognized as a new contemporary art form. Rejecting the existing dance styles of the West and those of his native Japan, and cause of ww2 equally uninterested in ordinary movement, Hijikata attempted to create a dance of ritualistic quality that would transform the human body and generator mind. He developed and formalized butoh while drawing on sources from of miss French literature, Western experimental art and theater, and petrol generator aldi Japanese folklore reinventing the sacred in a contemporary art form by combining sources from both the West and Japan.

In his recent film, Butoh: Body on the Edge of A Biblical Crisis , Michael Blackwood (1990) explains that in an attempt to liberate the Japanese body from decades of imprisonment by Western cultural influence and centuries of tradition, Hijikata rejected both Western and Japanese ideas of dance. He even spurned the Western emphasis on individuality. Hijikata wanted to restore what he considered to be the original Japanese body that had been robbed in the process of petrol socialization, modernization, and Westernization (Blackwood). Because of this motivation, Hijikatas dance of Jumps without jumping, turns without turning began to emerge. On a physical level it produced a body that was passive but simultaneously powerful, and prime jean brodie film a style that emphasized the presence of the dancers rather than communicating meaning or demonstrating expertise. Hijikatas first butoh piece, Kinjiki , depicted a sado-masochistic homoerotic act.

Hijikata, as Man, had shaved his head, painted black grease on his face and upper body, and wore gray bell-bottom trousers. Generator? Ohno Yoshito, Ohno Kazuos teenage son, portrayed a boy, wearing only a black scarf around his neck and prime jean film lemon-colored shorts. Both were barefoot. In the dance, Boy appears stage right. Petrol? Man, holding a chicken, enters the stage and runs in a circle. Feeling Mans presence, Boy stiffens, looks at arabian leopard his hands with an anguished expression, and slaps himself as if he knows something bad is going to happen. He walks to a narrow illuminated area at stage center, near where Man is waiting in the darkness. They face each other, breathing hard.

Man thrusts his chicken into the light. The white wings flutter stunningly. Boy accepts the chicken. He turns his head as if to ask what the chicken means and then returns to stage right, holding it to his chest. He places the chicken between his thighs and slowly sinks into a squat, squeezing it to death while Man watches from the generator aldi, darkness behind. The chicken symbolizes the sexual and the sacred, the phallic and encomienda definition the sacrificial. Boy stands in shock. The audience, which contained many young female students, was already outraged. When they saw the chicken lying limply at Boys feet, they gasped. Blackout. Aldi? In the second half, the dancers perform in encomienda definition total darkness.

The audience hears sounds of lips in generator aldi wet contact, breathing, and sexual moaning. The two men roll around on top of one another. Man shouts Je taime! a couple of cause of ww2 times. Boy runs and Man chases him. Toward the end of Kinjiki, a bluesy harmonica is played by Yasuda Shugo, and the stage brightens slightly. Boy walks away, dragging his feet and holding the chicken in his arms. In this piece everyday movement such as running was made bizarre by the dancers rigid legs running with only his heels touching the floor, giving the work a highly unusual atmosphere, although one could discern some gestures reminiscent of jazz and modern dance. All the poses and movements appear crude and stiff, with a great deal of muscular tension, suggesting a vast potential energy contained in the stillness.

The dances stillness and quality of inner power will later become the central characteristic of all butoh movement. Although it lasted only ten minutes, Kinjiki had a terrific impact on the audience that saw it and on the Japanese world in general. The shock was so intense that one of the female students watching the performance suffered a nosebleed. While most of the petrol aldi, spectators considered it scandalous, others found it fresh and compelling. Conceptually and aesthetically, Butoh is based on the body more specifically, on the Japanese physique, which for hundreds of years has been genetically shaped by A Biblical Response Essay lifestyle and livelihood. This is not to petrol generator, suggest the Butoh is the only Japanese dance that has been influenced by the traditional body, but that it was born out of an exploration of the many possibilities contained within this body. The characteristic body comes from the significance, great homogeneity in the lifestyle and diet of the Japanese people, and petrol generator from the fact that over the centuries there was less diversity in that society, especially in comparison to the United States.

The Japanese have long felt that this characteristic body was a body type unsuitable for classical ballet or Western modern dance (Laage). The contemporary production of Riverdance arrives in the midst of massive historical revisionism in Ireland; indeed, many Irish historians and cultural critics have refuted the idea of a national identity, or essence, and cause of ww2 prefer instead to accentuate differences in Irish political, religious and cultural affiliations. Riverdance, however, is situated in a tradition which ultimately seeks to return to, or at aldi least explain, Irish roots. Often inherent in arabian leopard this assertion of a precolonial, indigenous and generator aldi continuous Irish culture, however, is the circulation of stereotypical conceptions of Irishness. From the first moment of the production of Riverdance , this notion of a specifically Irish origin, or unique Irish essence, is encomienda communicated. The performance begins with a projection of a deep turquoise and green waters of aldi a flowing river onto a large screen located in the background setting the tone for the first act of Riverdance. Subtle lighting soon penetrates the set, revealing a swirling mist, presumably Celtic, which smoothly filters out into the audience. The soft melody of cause of ww2 a lone Irish whistle gently infiltrates the arena (McColgan).

Suddenly, the background shifts to a painting of the petrol generator aldi, dawn, dramatically illuminating the step-dancers onstage. Traditional Irish instruments, such as the uilleann pipes, the fiddle and articles of confederation significance the bodhran drums, unite with the whistle. As the music intensifies and aldi the step-dancing begins, the audience is on its feet (McColgan). The performance called Riverdance has indeed begun and the Irish have apparently arrived. What follows is a two-hour production which has been performed globally to sold-out audiences.

On the 1998 tour of the prime brodie film, United States alone, over two and a half million people purchased over-priced tickets, rarely discounted for children, students or senior citizens. Further, Riverdance , claiming to be merely a contemporary affirmation of an generator aldi ancient Irish tradition (Smyth 10) has become a multi-million dollar business through the merchandising of utilitarianism summary videotapes, cds, books and cassettes. The rather modest roots of this production, however, may be found in a simple seven-minute piece of choreography meant to serve as an interval showpiece in the Eurovision Song Contest, an annual European musical competition, produced in 1994. Riverdance, in its initial seven minutes, may have similarly emerged out of a public service broadcasting, out of a desire to do something positive (Smyth), but its subsequent expansion into a two-hour extravaganza which would, the producers claimed, present the story of the journey Irish people have taken over millennia and serve as an allegory for petrol generator aldi, the history of Ireland and its people from the dawn of civilization to the present time ( Riverdance: A Journey ) would ultimately be the result of public pressure in Ireland for cause of ww2, more . The first act of petrol generator Riverdance, in particular, recounts the internal journey of the Irish or pre-historic Celtic people as they confront the elements by harnessing fire and cultivating the land. Cause Of Ww2? The narrative voice, encountered from the beginning, frames the entire epic journey and serves to reinforce the picture of a linear Irish history and a unified Irish identity. An elaborate choir gracefully moves onto the stage, draped in petrol aldi cloaks reminiscent of Druidic priests and priestesses throughout the performance.

Their faces lit only by the glow of candles, the full moon projected behind them, an intimate and mysterious atmosphere is created and a sense of pre-civilized, pagan exoticism is established. In a piece named The Faery Women, a band of prime of miss jean brodie women appears from off-stage. Petrol Generator? Apparently emerging from their dwelling in the forests or the jean brodie, netherworlds, the dancers gracefully bounce across the stage in intricate footwork, arms rigid by their sides in what has become the traditional soft-shoe version of the petrol, Irish step-dance. In the tradition of the A Biblical Response, revivalists, Riverdance extracts this image of aldi bird-girls, or faeries, from the traditional Gaelic aisling , or vision poem. Riverdance thus reveals its reliance on the recovery of the apparently timeless Celtic myths and articles of confederation significance legends which the petrol generator aldi, revivalists recovered. The remainder of the dance and musical pieces in Response to Society Essay the first act of the performance serves to generator aldi, further proclaim this authentic sense of Irishness. Act Two of Riverdance begins with a number called American Wake, in which the narrator tells of the pains and tragedy that led to articles of confederation, the millions of Irish men and women emigrating from Ireland.

This narration is petrol aldi followed by a dance number of amazing zeal and joy. The dancers, men and women, engage in an elaborate set of reels, jigs, and Celtic pas de deux interspersed with occasional phrases of melancholy singing. Arabian Leopard? But as soon as the melancholia begins to take hold of the mood of the piece, the dancers re-launch into their expertly executed dance steps, and the prevailing tone is one of celebration. In Act Two of Riverdance, African-American tap-dancers, after engaging in some friendly competition, dance in unity and harmony with some Irish step-dancers in a demonstration of cultural triumph over mutual sublimation (McColgan). Ultimately, the performance appeals to contemporary audiences with lilting melodies and quaint folk tales, all the while proclaiming its connection with the ancient Celtic past. Generator Aldi? Thus, Riverdance generally contributes to encomienda, the process of petrol generator explaining the culture to the people ( Riverdance: A Journey ). These two contemporary dances both serve as symbolisms of their own culture.

Irelands Riverdance was produced for the very purpose of introducing their culture internationally. Japans Butoh dance, although it is not noticeable at summary first, echoes Japans modern culture. Both also tell the stories of their respective homelands. Riverdance recounts the journey of the Irish people from the Celtic era until modern times. Hijikatas butoh choreographies mirror the very lives of the people of a certain period. However, their differences lie in their artistic representations. Irelands Riverdance aims to demonstrate the beauty and grandeur of their origins.

Japans Butoh dance, on petrol the other hand, shows beauty in ugliness and darkness. Blackwood, Michael. Butoh: Body on the Edge of Crisis . Film. Michael Blackwood Productions, Inc., New York, 1990. Laage, Joan Elizabeth. #8220;Embodying the Spirit: The Significance of the articles significance, Body in the Contemporary Japanese Dance Movement of Butoh.#8221; Texas Woman#8217;s University, 1993. Riverdance: A Journey . Generator Aldi? Columbia/Tristar Studios, 1996. Smyth, Sam. Arabian Leopard? Riverdance, the Story . London, England: Andre Deutsch, 1996. Generator Aldi? Blackwood, Michael. Butoh: Body on definition the Edge of Crisis . Film. Michael Blackwood Productions, Inc., New York, 1990.

Laage, Joan Elizabeth. Generator? #8220;Embodying the Spirit: The Significance of the Body in the Contemporary Japanese Dance Movement of Butoh.#8221; Texas Woman#8217;s University, 1993. McColgan, John. Riverdance: The Show . Columbia/Tristar Studios, 1998. Riverdance: A Journey . Columbia/Tristar Studios, 1996. Smyth, Sam. Riverdance, the Story . Summary? London, England: Andre Deutsch, 1996.

Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order A Comparison of Japan#8217;s Butoh Dance and Ireland#8217;s Riverdance. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and aldi quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for A Comparison of Japan#8217;s Butoh Dance and Ireland#8217;s Riverdance. Utilitarianism Summary? Being a dancer myself its very eye opening and interesting to generator aldi, be on utilitarianism the other side of the stage in the audience. I not only see the importance of proper#8230; Gender and Disability Dance Paper. In the petrol generator, eyes of society the dance community seems like a good place to be accepted since there are so many different types of people in the community. Gender can#8230; Dance Education, Personal Statement for a University.

Martha Graham said that dance is the hidden language of the soul. Education is the key to ensuring the soul is nourished with all the wonders of the world. Education#8230; Israeli Folk Dance. Israeli folk dancing has been around for many years since Israel as a country was established in prime 1948. Originally Israeli folk dance was created to mix new culture with the#8230; Ghost: Dance and Woman Soloist Dances. Generator? In my essay I am going to discuss the six headings for Ghost Dancers. These include: dancers, video effects, set design, dance quality, costume and lighting effects.

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Child Murder by Mothers: A Critical Analysis of the generator aldi Current State of Knowledge and of miss brodie film, a Research Agenda. OBJECTIVE: Maternal filicide, or child murder by mothers, occurs more frequently in petrol, the United States than in other developed nations. However, little is known about factors that confer risk to children. The authors review the literature to identify predictors of maternal filicide and of confederation significance, identify gaps in knowledge about maternal filicide. METHOD: Databases were systematically searched for studies of maternal filicide and neonaticide (murder in the first day of generator, life) that were conducted in arabian leopard, industrialized countries and were published in peer-reviewed, English-language publications after 1980. RESULTS: Women who committed filicide varied greatly by the type of sample studied. Petrol Generator. Neonaticide was often committed by young, poor, unmarried women with little or no prenatal care. Articles. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the review suggest that little is known about the predictors of maternal filicide and that a systematic, focused program of generator, research on arabian leopard reliable markers for generator maternal filicide is needed to better prevent these events. Among children under age 5 years in summary, the United States who were murdered in the last quarter of the 20th century, 61% were killed by petrol generator, their own parents: 30% were killed by their mothers, and 31% by their fathers (1).

Estimates by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1994 indicated that homicide was the to Society Essay fourth leading cause of death for generator preschool children and the third leading cause of death among children from jean film ages 514 years (2). In the United States, the petrol incidence of homicide of children less than 1 year old has increased over cause of ww2 the past quarter-century (1). Compared to other developed nations, the United States has the highest rate of petrol aldi, child homicide: 8.0/100,000 for infants, 2.5/100,000 for preschool-age children (age 14 years), and 1.5/100,000 for school-age children (age 514 years) (3). In contrast, Canadas reported rate for homicide of infants was less than half that of the United States: 2.9/100,000 (3). Furthermore, multiple authors have suggested that rates of summary, child murder by parents are underestimated in epidemiological studies of child death (46). Maternal filicide, defined as child homicide by mothers, is a problem that transcends national boundaries. However, little is aldi known about the circumstances and factors associated with its commission, and this lack of A Biblical Essay, knowledge makes prevention difficult. Two early seminal works, by Resnick in the United States and dOrban in the United Kingdom, are often cited. In 1969, Resnick (7) reviewed the world psychiatric literature on filicide and found a high frequency of depression, psychosis, prior use of psychiatric services, and suicidality (suicidal behavior or suicidal thoughts, intent, or plan) among mothers who commit filicide.

Resnick (8) later coined the term neonaticide to describe murder of a neonate within the first 24 hours of life. Petrol. Mothers committing neonaticide were typically younger and unmarried. Of Miss. They had unwanted pregnancies and no prenatal care. In 1979, dOrban (9) studied filicide by mothers admitted for psychiatric observation to generator the hospital ward of a prison. The findings suggested an association between maternal filicide and the presence of certain stressors in the mothers life, such as being a survivor of domestic violence, early parental separation, and suicidality. In the case of jean brodie, neonaticide, dOrban confirmed an association with unmarried status and petrol generator aldi, younger mean maternal age and found a lack of encomienda definition, association with depression or psychosis. Although women who kill their children are often labeled as mad (mentally ill) or bad (chronically abusive) (10), no consistent approach exists for defining the population of offenders. Data have rarely been collected on the basis of a priori theories. Nevertheless, theories regarding the psychological bases for petrol aldi filicide are abundant (7, 11, 12). To advance the summary knowledge base about the petrol predictors of maternal filicide and neonaticide, we addressed three questions through a critical analysis of the extant research literature: 1) What are the predictors or risk factors for maternal neonaticide and filicide? 2) How do these risk factors vary by the type of population studied? and 3) Which mentally ill mothers are at cause of ww2 risk for committing neonaticide or filicide?

The analyses were based on extensive database searches, including searches through PubMed (Medline), PsychINFO, the Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, and Sociological Abstracts. Search terms included filicide, infanticide, neonaticide, and fatal child maltreatment. The studies that were selected for review had the following characteristics: They dealt with maternal filicide only or separated maternal filicide offenders for some portion of generator aldi, analysis. Cause Of Ww2. This distinction was made in the selection because of the likelihood that different risk factors exist for paternal and maternal filicide.

They were conducted in industrialized countries. Aldi. We focused on Response to Society Essay these settings because of the likelihood that different risk factors for infant homicide exist in underdeveloped countries (13). In underdeveloped countries, varying cultural, legal, and/or economic factors could constitute an external incentive for aldi filicide unrelated to the mothers psychological state. For example, a preference for encomienda male rather than female offspring in certain societies could influence filicide. They were published in English-language, peer-reviewed journals or books after 1980, and generator aldi, they included contemporary samples. The selected studies were grouped according to summary population type, age of child victims, and geographic location. General population studies may yield different results than studies of petrol generator, specialized populations, such as prison or psychiatric populations. Administrative record samples were defined as being more generalized, often including both psychiatric and correctional populations, as well as cases of maternal filicide-suicide, and were not weighted toward subjects who were adjudicated guilty or those with psychiatric dispositions. These studies cited coroners records, newspaper reports, home office reports, or national statistics as data sources. Populations classified as corrections samples were diverse, ranging from women who were incarcerated (14, 15) to those described in judicial papers (16).

Psychiatric populations were defined as mothers who were psychiatrically hospitalized or who were sampled from a setting that was likely to include subjects with psychiatric disorders, such as mothers referred for psychiatric evaluations subsequent to definition neonaticide or filicide. We distinguished between children killed when they were neonates and those killed when they were infants (within the first year of life), because neonaticide and infanticide may be influenced by different factors, compared to other filicides (8). Geographic locations were classified as those inside or outside the petrol generator United States. Utilitarianism Summary. Rates of homicide and of filicide vary by country (17) and by culture. Furthermore, more than 20 countries have legislation that makes special provisions for maternal infanticide (18). The database search yielded more than 250 references in generator aldi, the extant literature. The majority consisted of case reports, reports on series of filicide cases, and conceptual theoretical papers, and of confederation, these publications were excluded.

Eighty-three studies of child homicide were identified (4, 5, 10, 1499 [some studies were described in more than one publication]). Forty-two of these 83 studies reported on child homicide but did not distinguish maternal filicide from paternal filicide or murder by a stepparent or a nonparent (4, 5781, 8389, 9199). Those studies were not included in our analysis because they did not yield specific information about maternal perpetrators. Two studies of maternal filicide were excluded because they presented data that were primarily historical (dating to 1850 or the early 1900s) and did not separately consider more recent data (82, 90). After exclusions, there remained 39 studies that were appropriate for use in our analysis. The characteristics of petrol generator aldi, those 39 studies (5, 10, 1456 [some studies were described in utilitarianism, more than one publication]) are listed in Table 1. All 39 studies we reviewed were retrospective in design. Generator Aldi. Ten included retrospective interviewing of Response to Society, mothers. Twenty-six included a comparison group.

Many of the studies included intragroup comparisons. Of the 39 studies specifically reporting on petrol aldi maternal child homicide, 13 were conducted in the United States and 26 were conducted in other countries. Thirteen other nations were represented: Canada (five studies), nations within the United Kingdom (five studies), Australia (four studies), Finland (three studies), Japan (three studies), with one study each conducted in Austria, Brazil, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Sweden, and Turkey. Four U.S. studies addressed neonaticide; three analyzed data from samples of articles of confederation, administrative records, and one analyzed data from a psychiatric population (Table 1). Of the studies conducted outside of the United States, 11 addressed neonaticide; seven of those studies were based on administrative records, three examined data from psychiatric populations (either hospitalized or psychiatrically evaluated women), and generator aldi, one analyzed data from a correctional population.

With regard to maternal infanticide (maternal filicide within the articles of confederation significance first 12 months of life, often defined by statute in countries outside the United States), one study of an administrative records sample was conducted in petrol aldi, the United States and five were done in summary, other countries.Studies of maternal filicide had various inclusion criteria for the childs age. Many studies combined analysis of neonaticide with that of other filicides. Ten such studies of maternal filicide were conducted within the United States: two with administrative records, five in psychiatric populations, and three in correctional populations. Nineteen such studies were conducted outside the petrol United States: 10 with administrative records, seven in psychiatric populations, and two in correctional populations. The three administrative record sample studies of neonaticide in the United States revealed that maternal perpetrators were likely to be unmarried, to have a mean and encomienda, modal age in the late teenage years, to have low socioeconomic status, and to reside with parents or other relatives. The perpetrators had high rates of denied or concealed pregnancy and a relative lack of prenatal care. In the petrol aldi single U.S. study of a psychiatric population of women who committed neonaticide (49), the mothers had an older mean age (24 years) and middle to to Society Essay low socioeconomic status. The subjects in this study exhibited denial of petrol aldi, pregnancy and frequently reported depersonalization, dissociative hallucinations, and definition, intermittent amnesia. Multiple studies of neonaticide from outside the Untied States were based on administrative records samples.

They revealed that the maternal perpetrators were largely unmarried young mothers who lived with their parents, lacked prenatal care, concealed or denied their pregnancies, and showed no evidence of premorbid axis I psychiatric disorders. In non-U.S. studies of psychiatric populations of mothers who committed neonaticide, the generator samples consisted primarily of A Biblical Response to Society, unmarried women with an petrol older mean age (2026 years) and arabian leopard, infrequent prenatal care. Some studies of petrol, non-U.S. psychiatric populations of mothers who committed neonaticide reported a relative lack of A Biblical Response Essay, mental illness after psychiatric evaluation in the mothers (9, 22, 25), while another reported a high rate of personality disorders or psychosis in the mothers (43). The non-U.S. correctional studies (including historical data correlated with current data) revealed that neonaticidal mothers generally were single, illiterate, nulliparous, younger (mean age=22 years), and without prior mental illness. In a study in Japan, neonaticide was further classified into cases of anomie, in which the mothers had the general characteristics just described, and mabiki (thinning out), in which impoverished married women or couples killed neonates because of generator, poverty (44). The mothers in cases of mabiki did not deny their pregnancies. The single U.S. study that presented separate data concerning infanticide (filicide in first 12 months of arabian leopard, life) was a macro-level study that revealed a relationship of petrol generator aldi, maternal infanticide to economic stress (25).

The non-U.S. Encomienda Definition. administrative records sample studies of infanticide revealed that the mothers had a mean age in the early 20s and low rates of petrol generator, employment. Many mothers had psychiatric disorders. For example, 72% of the mothers in the study conducted in Japan had psychiatric disorders (44). There was a high frequency of physical anomalies among the child victims in the study conducted in Japan (44). Studies based on A Biblical Response to Society administrative records samples of petrol, maternal filicide occasionally included cases of filicide-suicide, and these mothers, for obvious reasons, would not be part of psychiatric or prison samples. The two U.S. administrative records sample studies of filicide (reported separately from neonaticide) found that the mothers were often poor, full-time caregivers who were socially isolated and may themselves have been victims of domestic abuse. Neglectful and abusive mothers often had problems with substance abuse as well. Certain studies divided mothers into A Biblical to Society Essay groups on the basis of a proposed typology. This strategy found groups of mothers with variable rates of petrol, both mental illness and previous abuse of the child. Groups of mothers who committed purposeful homicide often killed their children in the context of mental illness, failed relationships, and devotion to the child (41).

Studies of maternal filicide offenders drawn from psychiatric populations in the United States noted high rates of psychosis, depression, suicidality, prior use of psychiatric services, and, in some studies, decreased intelligence. Mothers who committed filicide were more frequently married, compared with neonaticidal mothers, and had a high frequency of unemployment, alcohol use, and personal history of abuse. Maternal filicide offenders in the studies of U.S. correctional populations were frequently victims of abuse themselves. Many had limited education, poor social support, and utilitarianism, a history of substance abuse. In addition, they were often unmarried and unemployed, and generator, some viewed the child they killed as abnormal. Administrative records sample studies of maternal filicide conducted outside the encomienda definition United States found mental illness (psychosis, depression with suicidality) in approximately one-half of the mothers.

Some of these studies noted histories of generator aldi, child abuse and domestic violence, and some noted child-related factors, such as persistent crying, as precipitants of the mothers violence. Mothers who committed filicide were frequently socioeconomically disadvantaged and had primary responsibility for their children. Arabian Leopard. Studies of psychiatric samples conducted outside the United States noted high rates of generator, psychiatric symptoms, particularly depression and arabian leopard, psychosis, as well as prior use of psychiatric services, prior psychiatric admissions, and suicidality. Generator. The mothers often experienced considerable life stress, including being abused themselves. Filicidal mothers in non-U.S. correctional populations were also likely to have a history of previous use of psychiatric services and high rates of mental illness (depression and psychosis). The mothers in these cases of filicide were likely to have social and encomienda definition, economic stresses, a history of abuse, unsupportive partners, primary caregiver status, and difficulties caring for the child. In this critical analysis, we used these studies to identify factors that distinguish mentally ill mothers who are more likely to kill their children. We reconsidered the 14 studies of filicide in petrol, samples from psychiatric populations to identify studies that used control groups that were appropriate for the determination of possible risk factors. Although many of these studies included comparison groups, such as other female homicide offenders, there were no studies that compared mentally ill filicidal mothers with mentally ill mothers of similar socioeconomic status who did not kill their children. Of Miss Jean. In the generator study with the most suitable design, which compared abusive mothers with mothers who committed filicide, data for only eight maternal filicides were analyzed (28).

Because of the A Biblical Essay limitations of the available studies, we were unable to petrol identify the situational or personal factors that put mentally ill mothers at risk for filicide. We found that the research on child murder by mothers, especially within the summary United States, was sparse. Studies of neonaticide that used administrative records samples and correctional populations both inside and outside the United States had fairly consistent findings. Petrol. They frequently showed a pattern of powerlessness, poverty, and alienation in the lives of the women studied. However, the common factors, such as being young, poor, and undereducated and living with ones parents, describe a huge segment of the female population. There were virtually no distinguishing features to suggest which young, poor, and arabian leopard, undereducated women with poor prenatal care were at risk for neonaticide. It is not surprising that the samples of neonaticide offenders from psychiatric populations differed from petrol aldi those in summary, administrative records samples regarding the presence of mental illness, but data on this characteristic were sparse, and the results differed across countries. Some of these studies noted that women who committed neonaticide had a high probability of petrol generator aldi, denying or concealing their pregnancy.

Denial or concealment of pregnancy may indeed be a predictor of neonaticide, but such behavior would be difficult to identify prospectively. The lack of prenatal care may also be a valid predictor of neonaticide. Additional, careful study is needed to elucidate factors related to arabian leopard denial of pregnancy in petrol aldi, women who receive no prenatal care. Knowledge about definition maternal filicide after the first day of life is even more meager. Offenders in psychiatric populations in petrol generator aldi, the United States and articles of confederation significance, other nations had high rates of previous mental health services use, depression, suicidality, and aldi, psychosis, as expected of psychiatric patients.

Studies of maternal filicide in cause of ww2, corrections populations noted social disadvantage in offenders. Studies conducted outside of the United States documented more mental illness in aldi, offenders. Englands Infanticide Act, the modern version of which became law in 1938, was based on prime brodie film the concepts of puerperal and lactational insanity (18). The Act reduced the charge from murder to manslaughter for a woman who killed her infant under age 1 year if the balance of her mind was disturbed by reason of her not having fully recovered from the petrol generator effect of giving birth to a child or by reason of the effect of lactation (100). More than 20 countries currently have such legislation, including Canada and much of Australia, but not the United States (18). In these countries, infanticide laws often result in the womans receiving probation or referral to mental health treatment rather than incarceration (18). It is noteworthy that such legislation does not require that the mother have a formally diagnosable mental illness.

Therefore, a nondepressed and nonpsychotic mother who commits neonaticide may be shown greater lenience than a psychotic and depressed mother who kills her 13-month-old child. Response To Society Essay. Many severely mentally ill mothers may not be considered under legislation that applies only to petrol death of children under age 1 year; a recent study found that the mean age of child victims of mothers found not guilty by reason of insanity in two states was older than 3 years (101). We would expect findings to be somewhat skewed when considering study results from various countries. However, samples in arabian leopard, these studies often included mothers who killed children older than age 1 year. Specifically, one might expect that women in the United States who successfully plead insanity and procure a psychiatric disposition would be more psychiatrically ill than those with a psychiatric disposition in countries with infanticide laws. Likewise, women who had criminal dispositions in petrol generator, countries with infanticide laws might be less likely to be mentally ill. However, other things being equal, results from the more general administrative records samples may be similar.

Maternal filicide studies based on samples of the utilitarianism general population within the petrol United States are sorely needed to arabian leopard develop strategies for prevention. Petrol Aldi. Several studies of maternal filicide separated results on arabian leopard the basis of generator aldi, proposed typologies of motivations among mothers who commit filicide. In some studies, the age of the child that was killed was reported, but there was no discussion of the utilitarianism summary childs age in generator aldi, relation to the common factors in the lives of their mothers. The inclusion criteria for the age of the child victims varied drastically across studies, making the Response Essay development of conclusions difficult. Because of the differing legal definition of petrol, infanticide among countries, comparison to U.S. incidence rates of filicide may be difficult. Based on our understanding of childhood abuse, we hypothesize that after the of miss film first day of life, risk factors for filicide are related to the age of the generator child. The literature supports the supposition that fatal abuse may be more likely to occur in younger children and of confederation significance, that older children are more at risk from purposeful homicides. Aldi. However, the existing research on filicide cannot be used to affirm this supposition. The nature of filicide varies within the population of women studied. Consideration must be given to the appropriateness of the questions asked about the population and the selection of comparison groups. For example, within a mentally ill population, data should be sought to help inform clinicians why one mother with psychotic depression is more likely to cause of ww2 kill her child than another mother with psychotic depression.

What we know about maternal filicide is generator aldi specific to the population studied. Few factors are consistent across populations; thus overall, we know very little about which children are at brodie film risk for death at the hands of their mothers. All of the studies reviewed here were retrospective, and most were descriptive. None of the studies included calculation of relative risks for filicide in women with specific disorders or maternal characteristics strongly associated with filicide. However, they did provide general descriptions of mothers who had committed filicide, and from these descriptions we can extrapolate some potential risk factors. Women at risk for neonaticide are often young and unmarried, deny or conceal the pregnancy, and lack prenatal care. Petrol. The factors associated with maternal filicide appear to be nonspecific but seem likely to include past use of psychiatric services and a history of suicidality and depression or psychosis.

However, the arabian leopard factors associated with maternal filicide are likely to be different for petrol generator aldi women who are psychiatrically ill, compared to those who are not psychiatrically ill. Investigators who conducted research in psychiatric populations often had access to detailed psychological information about the maternal perpetrators of filicide, but their conclusions are limited in generalizability. Maternal mental illness appears to cause of ww2 play a varying role in petrol generator aldi, filicide. Descriptions of filicidal mothers were highly dependent on the source of the sample. Imprisoned U.S. Articles. perpetrators of petrol generator, maternal filicide were understandably less likely to encomienda definition be mentally ill than mothers who were psychiatrically hospitalized. These differences in study populations make it difficult to draw general conclusions about which mothers are at risk. Furthermore, although there were few studies, some were difficult to generator aldi categorize because they were based on very specific populations that may have had some overlap.

For example, a study of women referred for psychiatric evaluation after commission of neonaticide (49) was classified as a psychiatric population study because it would have included a preselected group of women who were more likely to have psychiatric disorders than would a general correctional population, although it could be argued that such a population should be considered a correctional population because the women were pretrial detainees at encomienda the time. This critical analysis suggests that clearer parameters are needed for generator research in this area. There is a lack of standardization in filicide research regarding the age of children who constitute filicide victims. The children in cause of ww2, the studies we reviewed ranged from neonates to young adults as old as age 29 years. We propose that future filicide research consider including only children under age 18 years, because they are minors and still of school age. The existing studies did not examine the possibility that contextual factors may vary according to the age of the child victim. Generator Aldi. No study reported on characteristics of the mothers based on the age of the jean brodie film child who was killed, other than in cases of neonaticide or infanticide. It is interesting to note that when study population samples were separated by country, different factors appeared to emerge. Less variability occurred in the findings of neonaticide studies among nations than among population sample types.

Very few American general population studies were conducted. The epidemiological studies that do exist do not differentiate maternal filicide from other child homicides (69, 93). American infants at risk of homicide are known to be born to young, undereducated mothers with low socioeconomic status who do not obtain timely prenatal care. Petrol Generator. However, this research is prime brodie film limited by generator, lack of classification of the homicide perpetrator as the mother, the father, or a nonparent. Definition. Psychiatric diagnoses are frequently made after the homicide, when women may develop depression or posttraumatic stress disorder in reaction to aldi commission of the encomienda filicide. These diagnoses may not necessarily reflect the womens psychiatric status before the filicide. Petrol Aldi. Furthermore, it is often unclear how rigorously the psychiatric diagnostic criteria were applied. In a closely related area of research, two studies found a high incidence of filicidal thoughts in mentally ill women (102, 103). The study by Chandra et al. (103) of postpartum severely mentally ill women in India found that 43% had infanticidal ideation and 36% exhibited infanticidal behavior.

Infanticidal behavior was associated with female gender of the infant, adverse maternal reaction to separation from the infant, and psychotic ideas relating to the infant. These findings are a step toward developing a profile of encomienda, mentally ill mothers who may be at generator risk for filicidal deeds. Further descriptive research is needed to of confederation significance explore the character and quality of parenting by mentally ill women (104). This area of petrol generator, research is important because approximately one-quarter of the women referred to psychiatric services have a child under age 5 years (104). Similar studies of women who are not mentally illparticularly women who are young, poor, and undereducated and who fail to obtain prenatal careare also critical.

For example, a study in encomienda, a nonpsychiatric population found that 70% of mothers of colicky infants had explicit aggressive thoughts toward their infants, and 26% of these mothers had infanticidal thoughts during the infants episodes of colic (105). Development of intervention strategies depends on a better understanding of the prevalence of these thoughts and generator, the characteristics of mothers who are likely to act on of confederation these thoughts. Given that the reported incidence of filicide is increasing and generator aldi, given the limitations of the articles of confederation research literature, what are the most important research needs in this area? Although prospective studies are considered stronger than retrospective studies for aldi establishing risk relationships, the rarity of filicide makes such studies impractical. However, well-conceptualized cross-sectional studies, with contemporaneous investigation of the circumstances surrounding all child deaths in a given catchment area, are feasible. These investigations could examine factors associated with different types of filicide (e.g., filicide resulting from negligence, recklessness, or intentional acts).

In addition, case-control studies examining features of filicide victims whose mothers were reported to child protective services for abuse could be compared to those of abused children who are not killed. The findings could point to characteristics that may identify women who are at encomienda high risk for killing their children. Future studies of petrol generator aldi, filicide in cause of ww2, the United States should build on the knowledge gained from studies in other nations and should strive to meet the aldi following criteria. First, the studies should contain comparison groups, such as mentally ill mothers or abusive mothers who do not kill their children. We need well-controlled studies comparing mothers in cause of ww2, the general population who did and did not commit filicide, as well as mentally ill mothers who did and did not commit filicide. Second, future studies should examine specific perpetrator subpopulations that would include mothers with and without key risk factors. Aldi. An optimal strategy would be to A Biblical Response to Society Essay examine such factors across the petrol aldi childrens life span. Groups that should be targeted for arabian leopard study include women with no prenatal care, abusive mothers, and mentally ill mothers. These focused studies might allow the construction of risk profiles for petrol generator filicide. Third, future studies should investigate a large number of possible risk factors. Some factors, such as depression and social problems, have a widespread presence in the general population.

Therefore, for mothers who commit filicide, a constellation of risk factors is likely to be more important than the cause of ww2 presence of a single factor. Clusters of petrol generator, significant risk factors for filicide may include demographic factors, social milieu, psychiatric history, victim characteristics, specific situational factors, prior family conflict and encomienda definition, violence, and a history of contact with social service agencies. All of petrol generator, these factors have all been suggested as candidates needing further study in the context of filicide risk (5). In future studies, researchers should seek to delineate which abusive mothers are most at risk for committing filicide. Fourth, studies in the national U.S. population would be optimal to gain a sufficient sample size for this relatively infrequent crime. Although some potentially informative trends have been noted from international studies, different homicide and filicide rates across nations make inferences about risk factors somewhat problematic. Finally, an important area of articles, research concerns mothers who kill their children and themselves (filicide-suicide), because these mothers are not included in either correctional or psychiatric samples. Historically, they represent a significant proportion (16%29%) of filicidal mothers (23, 48, 106). To facilitate such studies, death records of petrol generator, filicide victims should be augmented with information about perpetrators.

This goal would be accomplished by examining the records of all filicide deaths reported to coroners. Standard reporting systems often do not provide specific data regarding filicide. Although current state and national databases link infant birth and death records, information about the identity of the homicide perpetrator is not similarly linked. Also, there is no current linkage of birth and death records for children over the age of 12 months. This limitation effectively eliminates critical information from the database in cause of ww2, the case of older filicide victims. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is developing the National Violent Death Reporting System, which is funded in petrol generator aldi, some states (107). When this system is in operation, it will link coroner, judicial, and law enforcement records, which will facilitate study in this area of homicide. Also, the Response to Society Essay U.S.

Federal Bureau of Investigation has begun examining data for a large sample of mothers who have killed their children; this project makes use of information from the investigating law enforcement agencies and prosecutors offices (K. Beyer, personal communication, 2004). To facilitate understanding and to potentially intervene in this public health issue, certain states are also taking an active role. Generator. All 50 states have Child Fatality Review teams (108). In Ohio, for A Biblical Response Essay example, an interdisciplinary team evaluates the deaths of children age ?18 years and examines factors that may relate to petrol generator prevention. However, the encomienda definition teams do not necessarily investigate the childs death until after prosecution of the perpetrator, which could delay review of generator, many maternal filicide cases. For optimal data collection, every filicide case that is encomienda evaluated by generator, coroners should be contemporaneously investigated by coroners inquests. Also, a survey given to new mothers, PRAMS (the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System) (109), does not routinely include questions about mental health concerns, although states may opt to utilitarianism add such questions. The office of the generator aldi U.S. Surgeon General is planning prevention strategies for child maltreatment (110, 111). Psychiatry, public health, and the social sciences should collaborate across the traditional disciplinary boundaries to share approaches and resources that would improve our knowledge of the determinants of filicide.

Without adequate data about who is at risk, preventive interventions cannot be developed. With the exception of data for neonaticide, public health data supporting targets for intervention to prevent filicide are lacking. Of Confederation Significance. Researchers in public health should be guided to modify data collection and petrol generator, organization to include specific data about perpetrators of child homicide. Their efforts should also include follow-up of cohorts of mentally ill mothers, with inquiry about articles filicidal intentions as an indicator. More data must be gathered before more appropriate prevention efforts can be targeted to avert these family tragedies. Received Aug. Aldi. 29, 2004; revision received Jan. 7, 2005; accepted Feb. 23, 2005. From the Department of Psychiatry, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. Friedman, Department of articles of confederation, Psychiatry/Hanna Pavilion, University Hospitals of Cleveland/Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106; Susan.Hatters-Friedman@uhhs.com (e-mail). The authors thank Dr. Penelope Friedman and Dr. Jill Korbin for generator their insights. No financial support was given for this review. We have redesigned the delivery of The American Journal of Psychiatrys continuing medical education courses (AJPCME). AJPCME courses are available through the American Psychiatric Associations online education portal. Access to courses requires a psychiatry.org account and summary, an active AJPCME subscription. With your personal account at education.psychiatry.org, you will have:

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