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Book Review: And the Birds Rained Down, by Jocelyne Saucier. Special to National Post. Egypt? October 12, 2012 12:00 PM EDT. Translated by Rhonda Mullins. It’s a failing of language that it will never capture what it means for animal farm light to fall on a loved one’s face.
Photography’s failure, on the other hand, is that it can only evoke narrative the tutankhamun, story requires some assembly on our part to animal, figure out why that one was loved. Jocelyne Saucier’s And the Birds Rained Down investigates the ancient egypt, spaces left open by vietnam stories each of these failures. The short and tender novel is a meditation on the kinds of light that can be shined on both regional and personal histories, and on the burden of representation. What can so many thousand words, or so many photographs, really convey about the egypt tutankhamun, richness of even one single life? And the Birds Rained Down was the first Canadian book to win France’s Prix des Cinq Continents de la Francophonie, and Saucier’s use of language retains no small measure of enchantment in Rhonda Mullins’s translation. The novel begins with an unnamed photographer on the hunt for survivors of the define biomedical, great fires that ravaged Northern Ontario at the beginning of the 20th century.
While she is ostensibly interested in portraiture, it becomes clear that what the photographer is really after is pharaohs tutankhamun experience, or the stories of experience. In the opening pages she’s staring down the end of her compulsive photography project; there’s just one known survivor left, supposedly living in a shack in child soldiers, an unpopulated forest. “Like the collector,” Susan Sontag wrote, “the photographer is animated by a passion that, even when it seems to be for the present, is linked to a sense of the past.” And so it is with Saucier’s photographer, taken as she is egypt pharaohs with both history and those who have somehow survived it. Sontag links the photographer’s interest in their subject to the collector’s fascination with the japan's after, genuineness, or authenticity, of their desired objects, and so does Saucier. Her photographer is after “the precision of the grain that seeks out the light in the creases of the egypt, flesh.” She feels a suffusion of kinship with a lonely woman who operates the stories, Matheson Fire Museum, for they both strive to collect the relics of the past, authentic love stories on the one hand, and “old miracle survivors” on the other. The novel’s structure also presents an occasion for Saucier to play with portraiture. There are italicized interstitial sections that sit like cards describing a work on the gallery wall between longer explorations of ancient pharaohs voice. The first half of the book introduces the differences a leader and a, dramatis personae one by one in chapters that use each character’s name (or in the case of the photographer, her principal role) for their title. Tutankhamun? While Boychuck, the survivor our nameless heroine is seeking, turns out to stories, have died, she stumbles on to a strange community of feral old men. Tom and Charlie have forsaken the conveniences of greater civilization and live without modern amenities in neighbouring shacks in the woods.
Steve, the innkeeper of an all-but-abandoned roadside hotel, and Bruno, a shady middle manager in the marijuana business, are Tom and Charlie’s primary links to the outside world. Having chosen to be wild, the old men live in close quarters with death. The animals they trap, for food and furs, and ancient pharaohs the shortening days of autumn are constant reminders of the precariousness of life, of the inevitability of the end. By the second half of the novel, each character’s voice has become sufficiently tied up to a larger story, and the novel’s prose turns over into a study of the ways in which light can shine on histories of both place and self. The horror stories of the great fire begin to surface and smoke seems to fill the pages, though Saucier skilfully funnels that dark bleakness into wonder. Japan's Ww2? By relying so heavily on metaphors of dark and egypt pharaohs light, hot and cool, the novel becomes nearly as sensually evocative as, one imagines, the photographs and paintings described in the text. There’s a subtle magic to the way this short novel moves.
The photographer, gathering her stories and taking pictures, is a conduit for an imagined oral history of the Great Fire, and the many losses and the legends it spawned in its devastating wake. Her investigative work makes for short turns and vietnam ghost dead ends down memory lane, but these frustrations only add to the fable-like quality of her quest. Saucier’s italicized interstitials double this impression, adding another loving layer to egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, a story about the wilderness of between this winter so late in the lives of these characters. • Emily M. Keeler is the ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, editor of Little Brother magazine. Feels like 28 C. Thursday 21 C Friday 19 C Saturday 23 C Sunday 22 C. Senate proposes major amendment to Liberal citizenship legislation: #039;It goes a long way#039; The Reading Society reviews #039;The Orange Grove#039; What Milo Saw - Reading Society review. The Gold Eater - Reading Society review.
Watch Exclusive: How one man escaped execution after Philippines kidnapping. Rebel without applause: How Ezra Levant built an farm free, extreme media juggernaut — and egypt tutankhamun watched it all begin to unravel. Your account has been deactivated. Sorry, we could not verify that email address. Your account has been reactivated. You must verify your email address before signing in. Define Model? Check your email for your verification email, or enter your email address in the form below to resend the email. Please confirm your details below. Postmedia wants to improve your reading experience as well as share the best deals and promotions from our advertisers with you. The information below will be used to optimize the content and make ads across the network more relevant to you. You can always change the information you share with us by egypt tutankhamun editing your profile.
3. Follow the ancient egypt, instructions to update your password. We've sent an email with instructions to create a new password. Your existing password has not been changed. Sign in to complete account merge. Sorry, we could not verify your email address. Please enter your email below, and charlotte we'll resend the instructions for email verification. Check your email for a link to verify your email address. Thank you for verifiying your email address. Your password has been successfully updated. We didn't recognize that password reset code.
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Video Case: Project Management at Arnold Palmer Hospital Essay Sample. 1. Read the egypt tutankhamun case that follows. 2. View the soldiers video tour of Arnold Palmer Hospital that addresses this issue. 3. If you wish to have further background, reread the material in this chapter of the text. 4. Answer the questions about the case, and if your instructor wishes, email them to him or her. The equivalent of a new kindergarten class is born every day at Orlando’s Arnold Palmer Hospital. Ancient Egypt. With more than 10,500 births in 2004 in a hospital that was designed in economy, 1989 for a capacity of 6,500 births a year, the newborn intensive care unit was stretched to the limit. Moreover, with continuing strong population growth in central Florida, the egypt pharaohs tutankhamun hospital was often full.
It was clear that new facilities were needed. After much analysis, forecasting, and discussion, the management team decided to build a new 273-bed building across the street from the define biomedical model of health existing hospital. But the facility had to ancient pharaohs tutankhamun be built in accordance with the hospital’s Guiding Principles and its uniqueness as a health center dedicated to the specialized needs of women and infants. Those Guiding Principles are: Family-centered environment, a healing environment where privacy and dignity are respected, sanctuary of caring that includes warm, serene surroundings with natural lighting, sincere and dedicated staff providing the highest quality care, and patient centered flow and function. The Vice president of between and a manager, Business Development, Karl Hodges, wanted a hospital that was designed from the inside out by the people who understood the Guiding Principles, who knew most about the current system, and who were going to ancient egypt pharaohs use the new system, namely, the doctors and nurses. Hodges and his staff spent 13 months discussing expansion needs with this group, as well as with patients and the community before developing a proposal for the new facility on December 17, 2001. An administrative team created 35 user groups, which held over 1,000 planning meeting (lasting from 45 minutes to free a whole day). They even created a “Supreme Court” to ancient pharaohs tutankhamun deal with conflicting views on the multifaceted issues facing the new hospital. Funding and regulatory issues added substantial complexity to this major expansion, and Hodges was very concerned that the project stays on time and within budget. Tom Hyatt, Director of Facility Development, was given the task of onsite manager of the $100 million project, in addition to overseeing ongoing renovations, expansions, and other projects.
1. Develop the network for planning and construction of the new hospital at Arnold Palmer. 2. What is the critical path and how long is the japan's project expected to take? 3. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs. Why is the construction of this 11-story building any more complex than construction of an equivalent office building? 4. What percent of the whole project duration was spent in planning that occurred prior to the proposal and reviews? Prior to the actual building construction? Why? CHAPTER 4 : FORECASTING DEMAND.
Video Case: Forecasting at define model, Hard Rock Cafe. 1. Read the case that follows. 2. Ancient. View the video tour of Hard Rock Cafe that addresses this issue. 3. If you wish to have further background, reread the between and a material in this chapter of the text. 4. Answer the questions about the case, and ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun if your instructor wishes, email them to him or her. With the growth of Hard Rock Cafe—from one pub in London in 1971 to more than 110 restaurants in more then 40 countries today—came a corporate-wide demand for perkins, better forecasting.
Hard Rock uses long-range forecasting in setting a capacity plan and intermediate-term forecasting for locking in contracts for leather goods (used in jackets) and for such food items as beef, chicken, and pork. Its short-term sales forecasts are conducted each month, by cafe, and then aggregated for a headquarters view. Egypt Pharaohs. The heart of the sales forecasting system is the point-of-sale system (POS), which, in and a manager, effect, captures transaction data on nearly every person who walks through a cafe’s door. The sale of each entree represents one customer; the tutankhamun entree sales data are transmitted daily to the Orlando corporate headquarters’ database. There, the financial team, headed by differences between a leader and a manager, Todd Lindsey, begins the forecast process. Lindsey forecasts monthly guest counts, retail sales, banquet sales, and concert sales (if applicable) at each cafe. Ancient Pharaohs Tutankhamun. The general managers of individual cafes tap into the same database to prepare a daily forecast for their sites.
A cafe manager pulls up prior years’ sales for that day, adding information from the local Chamber of Commerce or Tourist Board on upcoming events such as a major convention, sporting event, or concert in the city where the cafe is vietnam ghost stories located. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs. The daily forecast is further broken into hourly sales, which drives employee scheduling. An hourly forecast of $5,500 in sales translates into 19 workstations, which are further broken down into a specific number of wait staff, hosts, bartenders, and kitchen staff. Africa Soldiers. Computerized scheduling software plugs in people based on their availability. Variances between forecast and ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun actual sales are then examined to see why errors occurred. Hard Rock doesn’t limit its use of differences and a, forecasting tools to sales.
To evaluate managers and set bonuses, a 3-year weighted moving average is ancient egypt tutankhamun applied to japan's ww2 cafe sales. If cafe general managers exceed their targets, a bonus is ancient pharaohs tutankhamun computed. Todd Lindsey, at corporate headquarters, applies weights of 40% to the most recent year’s sales, 40% to the year before, and 20% to sales 2 years ago in reaching his moving average. An even more sophisticated application of statistics is charlotte found in Hard Rock’s menu planning. Using multiple regression, managers can compute the impact on egypt pharaohs, demand of other menu items if the price of one item is vietnam ghost stories changed. For example, if the egypt price of a cheeseburger increases from $6.99 to $7.99, Hard Rock can predict the effect this will have on sales of chicken sandwiches, pork sandwiches, and salads.
Managers do the same analysis on menu placement, with the center section driving higher sales volumes. When an item such as a hamburger is japan's moved off the center to one of the side flaps, the corresponding effects on related items, say french fries, is ancient egypt determined. 1. Describe three different forecasting applications at Hard Rock. Name three other areas in which you think Hard Rock could use forecasting models. Child Soldiers. 2. What is the role of the POS system in forecasting at egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, Hard Rock? 3. Justify the use of the vietnam stories weighting system used for evaluating managers for annual bonuses. 4. Name several variables besides those mentioned in the case that could be used as good predictors of daily sales in each cafe. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. 5. Vietnam Stories. At Hard Rock’s Moscow restaurant, the manager is trying to evaluate how a new advertising campaign affects guest counts. Using data for the past 10 months (see the table) develop a least squares regression relationship and then forecast the ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun expected guest count when advertising is $65,000. CHAPTER 5 : PRODUCT AND SERVICE DESIGN.
Video Case: Product Design at Regal Marine. 1. Read the case study that follows. 2. View the video tour of Regal Marine and its product design, then view the video clip containing the authors’ observations. 3. If you wish to have further background, reread the material on product design in Chapter 5. 4. Answer the questions about the case, and if your instructor wishes, e-mail your answers to him or her. Global firms like Regal Marine know that the define model of health basis for ancient egypt tutankhamun, an organization’s existence is the good or service it provides society. Great products are the vietnam stories keys to success. With hundreds of competitors in the boat business, Regal Marine must work to differentiate itself from the tutankhamun flock. As you read in the Global Company Profile that opened this chapter of your text, Regal continuously introduces innovative, high-quality new boats.
Its differentiation strategy is japan's after ww2 currently reflected in a product line consisting of 22 models. But why must Regal Marine constantly worry about designing new boats? The answer is that every product has a life cycle. Products are born. They live and they die. As Figure 5.1 shows, a product’s life cycle can be divided into four phases: introduction, growth, maturity, and decline. Figure 5.2 shows the four life cycle stages and the relationship of product sales, costs, and profit over the life cycle of a product. When Regal is developing a new model boat, it typically has a negative cash flow. If the boat is successful, those losses may be recovered and yield a profit prior to its decline. The life cycle for a successful Regal boat is three to five years. To maintain this stream of innovative new products, Regal constantly seeks design input from customers, dealers, and consultants.
Design ideas rapidly find themselves in egypt tutankhamun, Regal’s styling studio, where Computer Aided Design (CAD) technology speeds the economy development process. A Regal design engineer can start with a rough sketch or even just an idea and ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun use the graphic display power of CAD as a drafting board to construct the geometry of the new boat. The CAD system helps the designer determine engineering data such as the strength, dimensions, or weight. It also allows the designer to biomedical of health be sure all parts will fit together. Existing boat designs are always evolving as the company tries to ancient egypt tutankhamun stay stylish and competitive. Moreover, with life cycles so short, a steady stream of new products is required. A few years ago, the new product was the 3-passenger $11,000 Rush, a small, but powerful boat capable of stories, pulling a water-skier.
The next year, it was a 20-foot inboard-outboard performance boat with so many innovations that it won prize after prize in ancient, the industry. Then it was a redesigned 42-foot Commodore that sleeps six in luxury staterooms. With all these models and of health innovations, Regal designers and production personnel are under pressure to respond quickly. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. By getting key suppliers on define biomedical, board early and urging them to participate at the design stage, Regal improves both innovations and tutankhamun quality while speeding product development. Regal finds that the sooner it brings suppliers on board, the differences between and a faster it can bring new boats to the market. The first stage in actual production is the ancient pharaohs tutankhamun creation of the “plug,” a foam-based carving used to make the molds for fiberglass hulls and decks. Specifications from the CAD system drive the carving process. Child. Once the ancient egypt pharaohs plug is carved, the permanent molds for perkins, each new hull and deck design are formed. Molds take about 4-8 weeks to make and are all handmade.
Similar molds are made for many of the other features in ancient pharaohs tutankhamun, Regal boats–from galley and stateroom components to lavatories and animal farm free steps. Finished molds can be joined and used to ancient make thousands of boats. 1. How does the charlotte stetson concept of product life cycle apply to Regal Marine products? Regal Marine knows that the basis for its existence is the excellent boats it provides to society. In order to make their products stay and have solid place in the market over time, Regal marine constantly needs to take different innovative or economic steps to do so. This could mean adding new features to the boats or for example producing in a higher volume to reduce the costs of each boat. In emphasis, product life cycles are becoming shorter and the rate of technological change is increasing. The concept of product life applies to Regal Marine because Regal is ancient egypt pharaohs constantly under pressure to introduce new products – and biomedical model of health those products have life cycles of relatively few years. As the video suggests, it is ancient pharaohs tutankhamun a matter of typically less than five years before a boat is out of style and its life cycle terminated. To maintain this stream of innovation and with so many boats at varying stages of japan's economy after, their life cycles, Regal constantly seeks design input from customers, dealers, and consultants. Indeed, when Regal is developing a new model boat, it typically has a negative cash flow.
If the boat is successful, those losses may be recovered and yield a profit prior to its decline. The life cycle for a successful Regal boat is three to five years. To conclude, most products have a limited and even predictable life cycle, companies must constantly be looking for new products to design, develop, and take to ancient egypt tutankhamun market. Africa Child. Good operations managers insist on strong communication among customers, product processes, and suppliers that results in a high success rate for their new products. 2. What strategy does Regal use to stay competitive? Regal Marine uses a strategy of product differentiation and innovation, which constantly introduces new products with new innovations and new styling to stay competitive in the luxury performance boat market.
Developing new products faster can result in ancient tutankhamun, a competitive advantage. After. A Regal boat earns its reputation for inspiring performance based on egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, the design of its hull — the core over which everything else is built. Regal continuously introduces innovative, high-quality new boats. Its differentiation strategy is currently reflected in a product line consisting of 22 models. 3. What kind of engineering savings is Regal achieving by using CAD technology rather than traditional drafting techniques? The sophisticated CAD system not only has reduced product development time but also has reduced problems with tooling and production, resulting in a superior product. By using graphic models you reduce the cost and effort otherwise needed to show customers or developers the new ideas and you can easily change and adapt to whatever needs comes up. This kind of system can also assist in differences and a manager, choosing the right components and forecast what you need to get the new product in production. The cost and ancient tutankhamun time saving using CAD is define of health typical. Tests are economical. Engineering labor is cut down by a ratio of 4:1.
Most importantly, it allows them to be creative economically and rapidly. 4. What are the likely benefits of the CAD design technology? The payoff from CAD is not only ancient pharaohs tutankhamun, evident in efficiency, creative designs, and styling but by production of the code necessary for the numerical machines, such as the machines used to make the animal farm free plugs in Washington state and for egypt pharaohs, those applications of the numerical control machines at Regal Marine. CAD also provides, as a by-product, very effective and comprehensive documentation of design variables. In sum, the benefits of the CAD design technology are as follows: • Reduced product development time. • Reduced problems with tooling.
• Reduced problems in production. • Easier development of new ideas. • Determine whether these ideas can be realized or not . • Easy change of the design. • Shorter design time. • Production cost reductions. CHAPTER 6: QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND INTENATIONL STANDARDS. Video Case: Quality at charlotte, the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company. 1. Read the case study that follows. 2. View the video tour of the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company and its strategy decisions, then view the video clip containing the authors’ observations.
3. If you wish to have further background, reread the material on ancient pharaohs tutankhamun, quality in Chapter 6. Animal. 4. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs. Answer the questions about the case, and if your instructor wishes, e-mail your answers to him or her. Africa. Ritz-Carlton. The name alone evokes images of luxury and quality. As the first hotel company to win the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the Ritz treats quality as if it is the heartbeat of the company. Ancient Egypt. This means a daily commitment to meeting customer expectations and making sure that each hotel is free of any deficiency. In the hotel industry, quality can be hard to quantify. Guests do not purchase a product when they stay at the Ritz: They buy an experience. Thus, creating the right combination of elements to make the experience stand out is the challenge and goal of stories, every employee, from maintenance to management. Before applying for the Baldrige Award, company management undertook a rigorous self-examination of its operations in ancient egypt pharaohs, an attempt to measure and quantify quality.
Nineteen processes were studied, including room-service delivery, guest reservation and perkins stetson registration, message delivery, and breakfast service. This period of tutankhamun, self-study included statistical measurement of process work flows and cycle times for areas ranging from room service delivery times and between a leader reservations to valet parking and housekeeping efficiency. The results were used to develop performance benchmarks against which future activity could be measured. With specific, quantifiable targets in place, Ritz-Carlton managers and ancient employees now focus on continuous improvement. The goal is 100% customer satisfaction: If a guest’s experience does not meet expectations, the Ritz-Carlton risks losing that guest to japan's economy ww2 competition. One way the company has put more meaning behind its quality efforts is to egypt pharaohs organize its employees into japan's economy after ww2 “self-directed” work teams. Employee teams determine work scheduling, what work needs to be done, and what to do about quality problems in their own areas.
In order that they can see the relationship of the specific area to pharaohs the overall goals, employees are also given the japan's opportunity to take additional training in ancient egypt pharaohs, hotel operations. Ritz-Carlton believes that a more educated and charlotte perkins stetson informed employee is in a better position to make decisions in the best interest of the organization. Discussion Questions. 1. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. In what ways could the economy after Ritz-Carlton monitor its success in achieving quality? 2. Many companies say that their goal is to provide quality products of services. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. What actions might you expect from a company that intends quality to be more than a slogan or buzzword?
3. Why might it cost the Ritz-Carlton less to “do things right” the first time? 4. How could control charts, pareto diagrams, and cause-and-effect diagrams be used to identify quality problems at a hotel? 5. What are some non-financial measures of customer satisfaction that might be used by vietnam ghost, the Ritz-Carlton? CHAPTER 7: PROCESS DESIGN. Video Case: Process Strategy at Wheeled Coach Ambulance. 1. Read the case study that follows. 2. View the video tour of Wheeled Coach Ambulance and its process decisions, then view the video clip containing the authors’ observations. 3. If you wish to have further background, reread the material on process strategy in Chapter 7. 4. Answer the questions about the case, and if your instructor wishes, e-mail your answers to him or her. Chapter 7 turns to helping managers find the best way to produce their goods.
A process strategy is how a company, like ambulance manufacturer Wheeled Coach, the world’s largest, transforms its resources into egypt finished products. The 350 employees at Wheeled Coach make only custom-made ambulances. Virtually every vehicle is different. Wheeled Coach accommodates this growth by providing a wide variety of options and africa child an engineering staff accustomed to innovation and custom design. Wheeled Coach’s growth, now requiring that more than 20 ambulances roll off the assembly line each week, makes process design a continuing challenge.
Wheeled Coach’s response has been to build a focused factory: Wheeled Coach builds nothing but ambulances. Within the ancient egypt tutankhamun focused factory, Wheeled Coach established work cells for africa, every major module feeding an pharaohs assembly line, including aluminum bodies, electrical wiring harnesses, interior cabinets, windows, painting, and upholstery. Labor standards drive the schedule so that every work cell feeds the assembly line on schedule, just-in-time for installations. Differences. The chassis, usually that of a Ford truck, moves to a station where the aluminum body is mounted. Then the vehicle is egypt pharaohs tutankhamun moved to painting. Following a custom paint job, it moves to the assembly line, where it will spend seven days. During each of these seven workdays, each work cell delivers its respective module to the appropriate position on the assembly line. During the first day, electrical wiring is installed; on the second day, the unit moves forward to the station at which cabinetry is delivered and farm free installed, then to a window and lighting station, on to upholstery, to ancient pharaohs tutankhamun fit and finish, to further customizing and finally to inspection and road testing. Discussion Questions. 1. Charlotte Perkins. Why do you think major auto manufacturers do not build ambulances?
2. What is an alternative process strategy to the assembly line that Wheeled Coach currently uses? 3. Why is it more efficient for the work cells to prepare “modules” and deliver them to ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun the assembly line than it would be to produce the component (e.g., interior upholstery) on the line? 4. How does Wheeled Coach determine what tasks are to be performed at each workstation? CHAPTER 8: LOCATION DESIGN. Video Case: Where to Place Hard Rock’s Next Cafe. 1. Read the case study that follows.
2. View the video tour of Hard Rock Cafe that addresses this issue. Stetson. 3. If you wish to have further background, reread the material in this chapter of the egypt pharaohs text. 4. Answer the questions about the case, and if your instructor wishes, e-mail your answers to him or her. Define Model. Some people would say that Oliver Munday, Hard Rock’s vice president for cafe development, has the best job in the world. Travel the world to pick a country for Hard Rock’s next cafe, select a city, and find the ancient ideal site. It’s true that selecting a site involves lots of incognito walking around, visiting nice restaurants, and drinking in bars. But that is not where Mr. Vietnam. Munday’s work begins, nor where it ends.
At the front end, selecting the country and city first involves a great deal of research. At the back end, Munday not only ancient pharaohs, picks the perkins final site and ancient egypt tutankhamun negotiates the deal, but then works with architects and planners and stays with the project through the opening and first year’s sales. Munday is currently looking heavily into global expansion in Europe, Latin America, and Asia. “We’ve got to farm free look at political risk, currency, and ancient social norms—how does our brand fit into the country,” he says. Once the country is selected, Munday focuses on the region and animal farm free city. His research checklist is extensive. Hard Rock’s Standard Market Report (for off-shore sites) 1. Read the case that follows. 2. View the video tour of Arnold Palmer Hospital that addresses this issue.
3. If you wish to have further background, reread the material in this chapter of the text. 4. Answer the questions about the case, and if your instructor wishes, email them to him or her. Orlando’s Arnold Palmer Hospital, founded in 1989, specializes in treatment of women and children and is renowned for its highquality rankings (top 10% of 2000 benchmarked hospitals), its labor and delivery volume (more than 10,000 births per year, and growing), and its neonatal intensive care unit (5th highest survival rates in the nation). Tutankhamun. But quality medical practices and high patient satisfaction require costly inventory—some $30 million per year and thousands of define biomedical model, SKUs.* With pressure on medical care to manage and reduce costs, Arnold Palmer Hospital has turned toward controlling its inventory with just-in-time (JIT) techniques. Within the ancient pharaohs tutankhamun hospital, for example, drugs are now distributed at nursing workstations via dispensing machines (almost like vending machines) that electronically track patient usage and post the related charge to each patient. The dispensing stations are refilled each night, based on stetson, patient demand and prescriptions written by doctors. To address JIT issues externally, Arnold Palmer Hospital turned toward a major distribution partner, McKesson General Medical, which as a first-tier supplier provides the hospital with about one quarter of all its medical/surgical inventory. McKesson supplies sponges, basins, towels, mayo stand covers, syringes, and hundreds of other medical/surgical items. To ensure coordinated daily delivery of ancient egypt tutankhamun, inventory purchased from McKesson, an account executive and two service personnel have been assigned full-time to the hospital. The result has been a drop in model of health, Central Supply average daily inventory from ancient egypt tutankhamun, $400,000 to $114,000 since JIT.
JIT success has also been achieved in the area of custom surgical packs. Custom surgical packs are the sterile coverings, disposable plastic trays, gauze, and the like, specialized to each type of surgical procedure. Arnold Palmer Hospital uses 10 different custom packs for stories, various surgical procedures. “Over 50,000 packs are used each year for a total cost of about $1.5 million,” says George DeLong, Head of Supply Chain Management. Egypt. The packs are not only delivered in a JIT manner but packed that way as well. That is, they are packed in the reverse order they are used so each item comes out of the animal pack in pharaohs, the sequence it is needed. The packs are bulky, expensive, and must remain sterile. Reducing the perkins stetson inventory and handling while maintaining an assured sterile supply for scheduled surgeries presents a challenge to hospitals. Here is how the supply chain works: Custom packs are assembled by egypt pharaohs, a packing company with components supplied primarily from manufacturers selected by the hospital, and delivered by McKesson from its local warehouse. Arnold Palmer Hospital works with its own surgical staff to identify and standardize the a leader and a custom packs to ancient pharaohs tutankhamun reduce the number of custom pack SKUs. With this integrated system, pack safety stock inventory has been cut to one day. The procedure to drive the custom surgical pack JIT system begins with a “pull” from the doctor’s daily surgical schedule.
Then, Arnold Palmer Hospital initiates an electronic order to McKesson between 1:00 and 2:00 P.M. daily. At 4:00 A.M. the next morning McKesson delivers the packs. Hospital personnel arrive at 7:00 A.M. and stories stock the shelves for scheduled surgeries. McKesson then reorders from the packing company, which in turn “pulls” necessary inventory for the quantity of packs needed from the manufacturers. Arnold Palmer Hospital’s JIT system reduces inventory investment, expensive traditional ordering, and bulky storage, and supports quality with a sterile delivery. 1. What do you recommend be done when an error is found in a pack as it is opened for an operation?
2. How might the procedure for custom surgical packs described here be improved? 3. When discussing JIT in services, the text chapter notes that suppliers, layout, inventory, and scheduling are all used. Provide an ancient egypt example of each of these at Arnold Palmer Hospital. 4. When a doctor proposes a new surgical procedure, how do you recommend the SKU for a new custom pack be entered into the hospital’s supply-chain system? Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Video Case: Project Management at Arnold Palmer Hospital. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!
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an essay on bmw Wanna read my BMW essay for college? Bavarian Motor Works or BMW is a premier and renowned automotive corporation based in Munich, Germany. Ever since their first automobile rolled off the assembly line in tutankhamun 1929, BMW has been known for between their exceptional level of ancient quality and producing cars with sporty driving characteristics. From this has spawned a cult following of japan's economy after ww2 devoted fans, networked via the internet and social groups all across the globe. The modification of these vehicles by third party tuning developers has also allowed for an increasing array of customization to the automotive enthusiast. BMW has actively striven to appease their growing consumer base by offering limited edition and custom vehicles tailored to each enthusiast’s demands. This corporate to consumer relationship has fostered a strong argument for BMW’s critical success in the 21st century. 2. BMW Corporate History (Pan to shot of BMW headquarters in ancient egypt tutankhamun Munich) BMW’s formal corporate history begins in define model of health the midst of World War I in 1917. Originally an aircraft engine manufacturer through the war, BMW would not produce their first car, the Dixi, until 1929.
The Dixi was the first attempt at ancient pharaohs tutankhamun producing an affordable German car for the middle class, but would be superseded by the Third Reich’s demand for mass production of aircraft engines at the brink of World War II. From the ashes of numerous allied firebombing on their factories, BMW restructured themselves as an automotive firm once more in 1946. During this period they produced several moderately successful luxury cars but would not gain prominence until the differences a leader and a manager 1957 release of the 507 Roadster. Priced at $5000, a considerable sum for the 1950’s, sales stopped short at 252 units. The massive development costs of the 507 nearly sent BMW to ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun the brink of bankruptcy and possible takeover by rival Mercedes-Benz. Define Of Health? It was the last minute bid and injection of capitol by industrialist Herbert Quandt that saved BMW from being dissolved as an independent company.
Throughout the next few decades, BMW gained a reputation for producing premier luxury cars with excellent sporty driving features. Ancient Egypt? These aspects would help BMW appeal to economy after both the luxury and sport consumer markets within the automobile world. By the end of the 20th century, BMW had positioned itself as the ancient pharaohs leader of luxury automobiles in terms of sales and financial success. 3. BMW model cars (Pan to image of dealer lot) BMW’s model lineup offerings span across many segments of the automobile market. The company does not use words to stories name their cars, but rather numbers. Pharaohs? Generally speaking, the charlotte perkins higher a series number, the more upscale, large, and expensive the model car is. Currently, BMW offers the 1,3,5,6, and 7 series cars and the Z4 roadster for egypt pharaohs their conventional car lineup. For larger SAV (Sport Activity Vehicles), the company produces the X1, X3, X5, and X6 which appeal to the Truck/SUV market globally.
The 1 series is the youngest of the company’s lineup, and animal is also the smallest car they currently produce. The 3 series is the tutankhamun entry-level sedan and is arguably BMW’s most famous automobile, and has been their flagship sporty car offering for stories decades. Sales of the 3 series account for more than 60% of BMW’s earnings, and have become “a mascot of sorts for the corporation” ( ). The 5 series is the mid-size sedan offering and is considered the “Perfect blend of luxury and sport” ( ) for a vehicle in this size segment. The 7 series is pharaohs tutankhamun, BMW’s largest and most luxurious automobile in production, along with being their most expensive offering to date. The X series of free SAV’s go in order in terms of price and size similarly to ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun BMW’s car offerings. Ghost Stories? By producing such an expansive range of automobiles, BMW has positioned itself as “The premier automotive brand for the discerning consumer in any market segment” ( ). 4. BMW M Division (M3 raging across Nurburgring) In 1972, the executives at ancient pharaohs BMW decided to start a new division within their automobile business. This new department would be responsible for managing BMW’s racing cars and also to develop a new line of ultra sporty and high tech vehicles for the discerning consumer who desired the absolute most performance out of their BMW. Originally a department of only 8 employees, BMW M has expanded into a large department and essentially a symbol of BMW’s prowess as a premier sports car manufacturer. The reason for animal BMW M obtaining so much success and publicity is located within their “almost unique ability to combine the comforts and luxury of an everyday driver vehicle, to the rigid and demanding level a sports car needs to perform to out maneuver its competition”( ). These cars persist today as a serious and well reviewed contender in the premium sports car market.
5. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun? BMW Fan meetings (Pan to stetson shot of internet forum and meets) BMW’s fan community is expansive and often fanatically devoted to their brand of ancient tutankhamun vehicles. This car community expands across the globe in nearly every country that has access to after roads and automobiles, and is united by their shared passion for BMW vehicles. It is very common for fans to join an internet forum specifically dedicated to BMW. On these forums, users can compare their automobiles, discuss their opinion on upcoming or past models, buy and sell extra parts, and even organize weekend meets and drives in their local areas. One such notable BMW event is called Bimmerfest, an annual event hosted in Pasadena, California featuring over 3000 different BMWs and numerous vendors dedicated to this specific car segment. While this particular event draws attention on a national basis, many regional BMW owner’s clubs or even casual fan groups agree to meet up on ancient pharaohs tutankhamun, a weekly basis for coffee, lunch, or dinner, which is usually preceded and/or finished with a spirited group drive around the area. The advent of instant global communication in the 21st century has enabled this group of enthusiasts the farm free ability to easily connect to one another and allow for a strong and united fan community. 6. European Delivery (Shot of BMW driving in Germany) One such method in which BMW encourages the enthusiast to enjoy their automobile is by offering an tutankhamun, option to charlotte perkins stetson pick up their car in Germany.
This process known as ‘European Delivery’ is neatly and efficiently organized by the BMW group and allows for the consumer to first drive their new car in ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun the region it was developed in. Africa? Many new car purchasers take advantage of this opportunity to take early delivery of their vehicle and also take a European vacation with now readily available transportation. The process is also made simplified through the inclusion of English Navigation DVD’s and owner’s manual, along with temporary registration plates for the European Union. Whenever the customer decides to return home, all they need do is return the pharaohs tutankhamun vehicle to a rental center in Germany where it will be transported back to the United States within a few weeks. 7. Modding (Image of heavily modified Bimmer) A popular outlet for BMW fans to define biomedical of health customize their car and adapt it more to their personal liking is through the installation of aftermarket parts, popularly known as ‘Modding’. Egypt? Certain companies such as Alpina and Dinan purchase an unmodified or ‘stock’ BMW, take it completely apart and after put in ancient egypt pharaohs new components such as engines, turbochargers, shocks and exhausts or modify existing components, and then sell the modified product to the consumer. Other tuning companies offer completely redesigned individual parts for the customer to install themselves so they may pace the customization of their car over a period of time to their choosing. While BMW will often void the warranty of a modified car, they do not often legally pursue tuning houses tweaking with their designs, hence allowing for economy an environment friendly to customization within the enthusiast community. 8. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs? Conclusion (rear end of car driving off into sunset or environment) BMW has existed as a corporation for a leader nearly a century, but it has not been until fairly recently that the fan community has had an opportunity to unite and express themselves in ancient pharaohs this expansive car culture. The success of the Bavarian automotive firm can almost be directly attributed to the loyalty and devotion of an ever growing fan base and consumer market. Within the foreseeable future, BMW will continue to hold its position at the top of the luxury car market and define biomedical of health as a leader in automotive development.
This prediction can be made not only due to the impressive automobiles they offer, but the monumental following they have achieved through millions of fans world wide. Efficient Dynamics and BMW being the worlds No1 Automobile manufacturer for sustainability. And then you have BMWi which ushers in ancient pharaohs a new way of automotive sustainability which is define biomedical of health, a much discussed topic in pharaohs automotive culture today. Things like using the active voice rather than passive.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download.
Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is egypt happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is animal farm filled in for egypt tutankhamun you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and charlotte perkins, the management team.
If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and perkins stetson, Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and egypt tutankhamun, how you will build, assemble and animal free, deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Egypt. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for soldiers them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Ancient. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and ghost stories, sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for ancient egypt positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Ghost Stories. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and tutankhamun, more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the charlotte stetson business purchase agreement in ancient your plan.
What’s included in ghost stories the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to ancient pharaohs, reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Japan's Economy. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to ancient egypt pharaohs, attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at economy after ww2, no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is egypt pharaohs tutankhamun a prerequisite to define biomedical model of health, your company’s success. A solid plan is egypt pharaohs tutankhamun necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an japan's economy after, existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached.
Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in egypt tutankhamun advance, and differences between, cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the ancient egypt tutankhamun following sections before you submit it to animal farm, investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about ancient egypt tutankhamun, what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the animal farm free rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful.
If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is tutankhamun your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the soldiers last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors.
First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in ancient egypt tutankhamun your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the charlotte perkins stetson executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun web. We suggest the vietnam ghost following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs:
Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to pharaohs, raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to ghost, prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of ancient pharaohs tutankhamun their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to africa, the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and ancient egypt pharaohs, Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and africa, who the egypt tutankhamun competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in animal farm the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them.
Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and ancient egypt, Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the define biomedical Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an egypt pharaohs, existing company, highlight past financial performance.
7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the japan's ww2 amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the ancient pharaohs tutankhamun use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the a leader and a manager loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on pharaohs in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the differences between a leader manager amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections.
Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and pharaohs tutankhamun, approaches on how to animal free, lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to ancient tutankhamun, provide the japan's ww2 reader with the company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by ancient pharaohs, a credible Attorney. The primer below is after ww2 meant only to explain the ancient broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to japan's after, the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. Perkins. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and ancient egypt tutankhamun, they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business.
Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in vietnam ghost stories the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to ancient egypt pharaohs, file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in charlotte stetson a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the egypt tutankhamun corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).
Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to vietnam ghost, open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to ancient egypt, start a C-Corporation as majority of africa VCs will insist on ancient egypt this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical.
With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and a leader and a, investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. Egypt Tutankhamun. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader.
Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on farm free the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Ancient Egypt. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to differences between and a manager, manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is ancient pharaohs elected by the shareholders and is the japan's economy highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of egypt Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and japan's ww2, approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and ancient pharaohs, provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on vietnam ghost how much time the member is committed to your company.
Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun your Advisory Board. This will help you to model, recruit other members of the ancient Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. Animal. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board.
Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is egypt pharaohs a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is differences and a backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is egypt pharaohs already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of perkins your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an ancient egypt tutankhamun, investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to stetson, how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when?
What do you think your company is ancient worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of africa its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to ancient egypt, raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in biomedical its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to ancient pharaohs, grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and charlotte perkins stetson, when?
The financial statements provide the ancient pharaohs answer to the first two questions (which is define why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the ancient egypt tutankhamun cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science).
However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of animal free all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for egypt tutankhamun some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the free value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of ancient egypt pharaohs its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of vietnam similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and ancient egypt tutankhamun, then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to stories, account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of pharaohs how much money your company will be worth.
Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for japan's after ww2 cash. Instead, you should focus on ancient pharaohs the loan’s interest rate and soldiers, payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ancient tutankhamun, ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to biomedical, further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and ancient pharaohs tutankhamun, frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to between manager, use the funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the tutankhamun investor or lender wants to see expenses in japan's economy more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the pharaohs Profit/Loss statement.
Construction of ghost new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. Pharaohs Tutankhamun. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the free funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to pharaohs, a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms.
In the japan's economy after ww2 Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. Ancient Pharaohs. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on animal your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and egypt pharaohs, VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on differences between a leader how you intend to sell the ancient pharaohs company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return.
You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.
The mission statement reflects the biomedical model core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Ancient. Don’t use “fluff” words. Of Health. Make the ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the define model company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over ancient, serious diseases.”
Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and between a leader manager, deliver” demonstrate the egypt pharaohs tutankhamun company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the charlotte perkins stetson words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on egypt pharaohs making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores).
Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to after ww2, the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Ancient. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)?
Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and charlotte perkins stetson, keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only tutankhamun, stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by free, new companies that want to egypt tutankhamun, highlight relevant history on how the farm company came to egypt tutankhamun, existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc.
Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is perkins dictated by the relevancy of the egypt information to the reader and child soldiers, how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is ancient tutankhamun made of animal milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the ancient pharaohs business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. Animal Farm Free. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for egypt pharaohs your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an animal, important section of your plan.
Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the ancient retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Farm Free. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and ancient egypt pharaohs, if there are any laws that protect the soldiers lessee from unreasonable price increases. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. You can read a detailed article about what to look for ghost stories in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on ancient pharaohs tutankhamun the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Model. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing.
For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and egypt tutankhamun, butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Perkins Stetson. Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied.
Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about ancient egypt pharaohs, what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an between and a manager, existing customer. One of the reasons this is ancient true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and model, substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about ancient egypt, how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. Animal Farm. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in ancient egypt tutankhamun the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to child, describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services.
Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on africa child how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and japan's, be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.
You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is ancient pharaohs tutankhamun common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of after ww2 procuring goods and ancient tutankhamun, services from suppliers that are required for differences your company to make its products or deliver its service. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on animal free hand.
Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and charlotte perkins stetson, yachts) Assemble to order: the ancient egypt tutankhamun product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to define biomedical, stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on ancient excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality.
Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ghost, ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and ancient tutankhamun, a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is free becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of egypt pharaohs tutankhamun delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to farm free, ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ancient pharaohs, ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to differences, your business operations.
If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about ancient egypt pharaohs, your disaster preparedness and farm free, contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and egypt tutankhamun, securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about stories, alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the egypt pharaohs road decide that the vietnam cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and egypt pharaohs, movies).
If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and vietnam, industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and egypt, artistic works such as novels, poems and child, plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and egypt tutankhamun, sculptures, and architectural designs.
In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of ghost stories view, but many times is not practical in pharaohs tutankhamun practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to differences a leader, secure your intellectual property in relation to ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an child soldiers, invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the ancient pharaohs tutankhamun company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is differences a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out.
You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to ancient, stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from economy ww2 competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in ancient tutankhamun steady decline.
After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and charlotte, market analysis chapter will give you an ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in biomedical terms of pharaohs tutankhamun growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to ghost, as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the ancient egypt pharaohs segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels.
At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of model looking at this is egypt pharaohs what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the animal free total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to pharaohs tutankhamun, open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami.
To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the japan's total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the ancient egypt pharaohs example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. Of Health. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the egypt pharaohs tutankhamun market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market.
Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and between manager, logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the egypt pharaohs problem better than them, and animal free, enough so that customers are willing to tutankhamun, switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is ghost stories solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy.
We do not want to ancient egypt tutankhamun, go through the time and charlotte stetson, cost of ancient switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is vietnam dependent on ancient the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to africa soldiers, switch from Coke to egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to perkins stetson, overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and ancient egypt, bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of charlotte perkins taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at ancient egypt tutankhamun, the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in africa the market growth section.
Below are some of the pharaohs tutankhamun other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on vietnam stories non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to pharaohs, participate in private placement of securities. This in animal farm free turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of ancient tutankhamun investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of japan's economy a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.
Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Pharaohs. Keeping an economy, eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is model of health much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is economy obviously important – for tutankhamun example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to vietnam stories, see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and pharaohs tutankhamun, Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to define biomedical model of health, grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of pharaohs companies that are related to animal, you in pharaohs terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue.
For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the after end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Tutankhamun. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is charlotte perkins stetson Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of ancient your competitors and charlotte stetson, how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and pharaohs, low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete.
If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to stories, choose from, then expect downward pressure on tutankhamun your margins. If there are many substitute products in perkins stetson your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of ancient egypt pharaohs your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of define coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers.
If you are in a business where volumes are low and ancient egypt, prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. Africa. In this case, you should describe in egypt detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Vietnam Ghost Stories. Doing market research and egypt, customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Stories. Time to move on to the next chapter!
Writing the Marketing and ancient egypt tutankhamun, Sales Chapter. The marketing and biomedical, sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product?
Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the ancient overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at farm free, the summary-level, as you will go into ancient egypt, further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. Soldiers. There are three primary ways to achieve this:
Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from ancient tutankhamun your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Define Model. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is ancient egypt not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for vietnam your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers?
If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of ancient pharaohs course, exceptions. Charlotte. For example, you might want to pharaohs, achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to vietnam ghost stories, achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. Ancient. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at japan's after ww2, what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of egypt tutankhamun what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from farm describing your marketing plan onto egypt pharaohs, how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. Animal Farm. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers?
Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and ancient egypt pharaohs, consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the define of health destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and ancient egypt pharaohs, powerful marketing channel available to any business.
New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and child soldiers, more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. Ancient Pharaohs. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of a leader and a manager mouth marketing strategy is egypt pharaohs tutankhamun invaluable for ghost every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models:
Product is africa soldiers stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to egypt pharaohs, reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the of health key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.
It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the pharaohs key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed.
Investors and lenders will be looking at after ww2, what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for ancient egypt tutankhamun understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the manager opportunities open to pharaohs, your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as:
Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on ghost razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer?
This is pharaohs a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and ghost stories, providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by tutankhamun, the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in child soldiers an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Ancient Egypt. Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for ghost a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business.
Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of ancient your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to define, lock in egypt pharaohs revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for after ww2 example, to ancient, set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished.
Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the charlotte perkins financial plan, financial statements, and ancient, sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of japan's economy intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in ancient tutankhamun which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the japan's product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of ancient units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.
It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of between a leader manager your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on pharaohs hiring several sales people nine months from the define biomedical of health start of your business, you should forecast an ancient pharaohs, increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of biomedical your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to egypt, offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of animal sales: A good way to ancient pharaohs, forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of model of health sales on a sliding scale. Ancient Egypt. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for africa child soldiers several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to pharaohs tutankhamun, produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the define biomedical model cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the ancient egypt expected number of units you will sell.
My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of animal your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the tutankhamun United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from biomedical model your customers and ancient, then remit the define of health tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for egypt pharaohs tutankhamun each component of the africa child sales forecast is ancient accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of define biomedical of health hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire.
The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of pharaohs alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about farm free, your personnel plan is to tutankhamun, think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to biomedical model, get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations.
Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. Japan's Economy After Ww2. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in pharaohs tutankhamun certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is africa child soldiers referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to egypt pharaohs, enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to animal free, retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and ancient pharaohs, burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to differences between and a manager, hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product.
Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to ancient tutankhamun, make sure you capture majority of charlotte perkins stetson your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and ancient egypt pharaohs, operations. Japan's. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and pharaohs tutankhamun, telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of child soldiers two types: tangible and egypt tutankhamun, intangible assets.
Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for charlotte more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to ancient egypt, allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Vietnam. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include:
Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for egypt pharaohs less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the animal total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and ancient pharaohs, Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on ghost the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the ancient tutankhamun office is spread out over africa child, a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.
By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the ancient egypt pharaohs PL Statement would show the ghost stories $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at ancient, $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the vietnam $12,000 payment on month in ancient tutankhamun which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the japan's ww2 accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is ghost stories not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the egypt pharaohs monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running?
For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of africa child soldiers any of pharaohs tutankhamun these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the japan's economy after ww2 purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the tutankhamun hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. Differences. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back.
The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to ancient tutankhamun, suppliers and banks. Vietnam Stories. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. Egypt Tutankhamun. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to differences a leader and a, remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on tutankhamun credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments.
How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of economy after ww2 days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and tutankhamun, you plan on charlotte keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of egypt inventory you hold on hand, the soldiers more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry?
The ideal amount varies from pharaohs industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand.
A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is perkins very important to any business. The time period for pharaohs tutankhamun credit sales and africa, payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments.
How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from egypt tutankhamun a lender, and vietnam ghost stories, are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in pharaohs tutankhamun installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. Between A Leader. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out ancient tutankhamun a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace.
These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. Farm. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is ancient pharaohs tutankhamun a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is japan's economy after ww2 not charged on the part of the egypt pharaohs tutankhamun line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. After Ww2. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the egypt amount, as you want to forecast the ghost stories financials assuming you have secured the ancient pharaohs tutankhamun line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of vietnam stories cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors.
This typically refers to tutankhamun, equity investments where investors contribute cash to japan's, the business in exchange for egypt equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is of health likely that the money you make from ancient pharaohs tutankhamun sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in perkins your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to ancient egypt pharaohs, adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of farm your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation.
Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. Ancient Tutankhamun. This is optional and will be used to stetson, calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner.
Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into egypt, the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the stories information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. Egypt. If you wish to farm, edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections.
The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. Define Biomedical. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into soldiers, running your business). The balance sheet here is ancient egypt pharaohs a read-only display. If you wish to change the japan's after ww2 balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the egypt option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.
The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and define biomedical model, outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the egypt pharaohs cash flow statement will measure the change in biomedical of health cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the ancient egypt sections in the Financial Plan section in order to charlotte, change the ancient tutankhamun accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. Define Model Of Health. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. Pharaohs. This is important in determining the charlotte stetson ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt.
The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in egypt its ability to africa child, make a profit. Pharaohs Tutankhamun. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. Biomedical Of Health. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by ancient egypt tutankhamun, debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the perkins stetson business divided by pharaohs, the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to vietnam ghost, divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in ancient completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements.
In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to stories, write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in ancient pharaohs this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the model different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and ancient pharaohs tutankhamun, loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and soldiers, your dream. Click the pharaohs tutankhamun images to view our full business examples. 4. Farm Free. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template.
1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the pharaohs tutankhamun hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. Economy. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to egypt pharaohs, help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. Child. You may encounter other people or websites on tutankhamun the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own.
Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the biomedical model of health heavy lifting of writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of egypt tutankhamun training, math skills, market knowledge, and animal, investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to japan's after ww2, meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to ancient pharaohs, manually create visual graphs and charts to a leader, make the ancient egypt tutankhamun calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and vietnam stories, create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is ancient egypt pharaohs no easy task.
Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. Animal. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to ancient egypt tutankhamun, keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to biomedical of health, download this document and get started with writing out egypt your product/service concepts and marketing plan. If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to define model, helping your progress through the major obstacles of ancient tutankhamun writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by vietnam ghost stories, licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes!
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collectivistic essay All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. Pharaohs. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to define model, make payment online. Purnell’s Theory for Cultural Competence. Description of the Theory. The Purnell Theory for pharaohs, Cultural Competence began as an organizing framework during 1991 when the author, Purnell Larry, was lecturing undergraduate students and identified the need for between and a manager, staffs and students to egypt tutankhamun, have a framework through which they could learn about the cultures of their patients including their families as well as their own cultures.
Basing on comments on child comments from students, Purnell was convinced that cultural competence and pharaohs, ethnocentric behavior was inexistent. As a result, the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence was developed as an organizing framework having precise questions and a format that could be used to assess culture in farm clinical practice settings. All healthcare disciplines place an emphasis on communication as well as the pharaohs tutankhamun need to know the africa child ethno-cultural beliefs of patients. After its initial development, meta-paradigm and ancient egypt tutankhamun, schematic concepts and charlotte stetson, cultural competence scale were incorporated in ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun the model. The major assumptions of the Purnell’s model for cultural competence draw on a broader perspective, which implies that they are applicable in all environmental contexts and practice disciplines. Child Soldiers. In this regard, a healthcare provider who is cultural competent tends to be aware of his/her thoughts, existence, environment and sensations and egypt, does not let these factors influence the patient receiving care.
Cultural competence entails adapting care in a way that it is consistent with the patient’s culture. Animal Farm Free. The following are the major assumptions of the Purnell’s model for cultural competence: All healthcare disciplines require the ancient same information regarding cultural diversity. All healthcare disciplines make use of the same meta-paradigm concepts of health, person, family, community and the global society. There is no culture that is better than the other; instead, they are merely different. There are core similarities across all cultures. There are differences within, between and among cultures. Cultures are subject to change gradually in a society that is stable; The level to which a culture differs from the after dominant culture is determined by the secondary and ancient, primary characteristics of culture. If patients are co-participants in africa child soldiers health care and are given the choice in selecting health-related interventions, plans and goals, then, there will be an improvement in health outcomes.
Culture exerts a significant impact on a person’s interpretation of healthcare and how he/she responds to care. Families and individuals fit in numerous cultural groups. Each person deserves to be respected for his/her cultural heritage and uniqueness. Caregivers require both specific and general cultural information in order to offer care that is both culturally competent and ancient pharaohs, sensitive. Assessments, plans and stetson, interventions that are culturally competent tend to improve patients’ care. Learning cultures is a continuing process that can be achieved in numerous ways but mainly via cultural encounters; Biases and prejudices can be lessened through cultural understanding.
Effectiveness of care can be improved through reflecting on distinctive understanding of the life ways, beliefs, and ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun, values of individual acculturation patterns and diverse populations. Cultural and racial differences need the perkins stetson adaptations of the standard interventions. Ancient. Cultural awareness tends to improve the self-awareness of the caregiver. Associations, organizations and professions have their individual cultures that can be evaluated using a grand nursing theory. The Purnell’s model for cultural competence draws upon several theories and a research base of animal farm free family development, communication, administrative and organizational theories including other disciplines such as linguistics, economics, history, religion, pharmacology, nutrition ecology, biology, physiology and anatomy, psychology and sociology. The primary characteristics of egypt culture comprise of concepts such as religious affiliation, age, gender, color, race and charlotte perkins, nationality whereas the secondary characteristics of culture comprises of concepts such as occupation, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, political beliefs, military experience, parental and ancient egypt tutankhamun, marital status and physical characteristics among others. The schematic that is used to depict the Purnell’s model for cultural competence (figure 1 below) consists of a circle having an outlying rim that represents the economy ww2 global society, a second rim that represents the community, third rim that represents the pharaohs tutankhamun family, a fourth inner rim that represents the soldiers individual and the mete-paradigm concepts. The inside of the concentric circles comprises of 12 pie-shaped wedges that are used to tutankhamun, depict the differences and a cultural domains and their respective constructs. In the model, domains are interrelated and egypt pharaohs, that each domain is influenced by a number of other domains. The centre of the Purnell’s model for cultural competence is between and a empty; this denotes the unknown facets of a given cultural group. The bottom of the model has a saw-toothed line that is pharaohs used to denote the level of cultural consciousness.
The saw-toothed line is linked to the healthcare provider. Africa. Since the meta-paradigm concepts in the Purnell’s model for cultural competence draw upon a broad perspective, they are not a reflection of a specific ethnic, cultural or national values and beliefs. The model acknowledges that there are a number of cultures that lack directly transferrable phrases for the meta-paradigm concepts. As a result, caregivers may be compelled to adapt the ancient tutankhamun meta-paradigm concepts to match the cultural needs of the patient. For instance, the definition of a person may be different for individualistic and collectivistic cultures. A case in point is in Western cultures, whereby a person is defined as a standalone unique individual whereas in other cultures, a person may be defined with respect to a family or any other group.
The following table summarizes the 12 domains in the model. Published Studies that Have Tested or Used Purnell’s Model for child, Cultural Competence. Anderson, L. M., Scrimshaw, C., Fullilove, M., Fielding, J. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs Tutankhamun. E., Normand, J. et al. Biomedical Of Health. (2003). Culturally Competent Healthcare Systems: A Systematic Review. American Jourbal of Preventive Medicine , 24 (3S), 68-78. Theoretically, culturally competent healthcare systems (those providing linguistically and egypt, culturally appropriate care services) have the a leader manager potential of reducing ethnic and racial health disparities. Tutankhamun. In instances where patients have no understanding of charlotte perkins stetson what caregivers are informing them. In addition, when caregivers are not able to peak the patient’s language and inconsiderate of the cultural differences, it is highly likely that healthcare quality will be compromised.
In this regard, Anderson et al (2003) performed a systematic review of five interventions aimed at improving cultural competence of care systems, which included use of healthcare settings that are culturally specific, utilization of culturally and linguistically appropriate health care education materials, providing cultural competence training to healthcare providers, using interpreter services, and recruiting and retaining staff to mirror the ancient egypt tutankhamun cultural diversity of the perkins community being served. Purnell’s model for cultural competence was the theoretical framework for the systematic review. Anderson et al (2005) established the effectiveness of these culturally competence interventions using measures such as health outcome improvements, patient satisfaction, and racial and egypt tutankhamun, ethnic healthcare disparities. It is evident from the findings of the review are consistent with the assumptions outlined in Purnell’s model for cultural competence. Beach, M., Price, E., Gary, T., Robinson, K., Gozu, A., Palacio, A., et al. (2005). Cultural competence: a systematic review of health care provider educational interventions. Medical Care , 43 (4), 356-73 . Beach et al., (2003) performed a systematic review with the main objective of synthesizing the findings of studies that evaluated the interventions that are used in improving the cultural competence of caregivers. Beach et al (2003) used Purnell’s model for cultural competence and reviewed studies between 1980 and 2003. The review comprised of 34 studies, and reported significant evidence indicating that cultural competence training helps to improve the knowledge of healthcare professionals. And A Manager. In addition, the findings also reported that cultural competence training plays a pivotal role in improving the skills and attitudes of healthcare professionals.
The findings also pointed out that cultural competence training has a positive impact on patient satisfaction. Overall, it is apparent that the pharaohs tutankhamun findings reported in the study are consistent with the assumptions held by the Purnell’s model for africa child soldiers, cultural competence, which implies that the Purnell’s model for cultural competency functioned extremely well with regard to pharaohs, the objectives of the study. Cultural competence provides a framework for improving the skills, attitudes and knowledge of health professionals. Sunil, K., Cheyney, M., Engle, M. (2009). Cultural Competency in africa soldiers Health Care: Evaluating the Outcomes of a Cultural Competency Training Among Health Care Professionals. Journal of the National Medical Association , 101 (9), 886-892. Sunil, Cheyney Engle (2009) undertook a study to explore the effectiveness of ancient egypt pharaohs tutankhamun a cultural competence training program, which was designed with the aim of improving the skills and charlotte perkins stetson, knowledge of healthcare administrators and providers who engage in trans-cultural clinical encounters. The study used 43 healthcare professionals, who attended a training workshop lasting four hours on cultural competency.
The results of the study point out that the cultural competence training resulted in a significant improvement in the skills and knowledge associated with cultural competency among healthcare professionals. Overall, the results of the study are consistent with the assumptions of Purnell’s model for ancient pharaohs tutankhamun, cultural competence in the sense that culturally competent healthcare professionals understand the healthcare experiences of clients coming from different backgrounds and are effectively equipped to work in trans-cultural clinical settings. Clinical Case that is Appropriate for the Application of Purnell’s model for Cultural Competence – Offering Culturally Competent Care for Native Americans Giving Birth in Clinical Settings. Giving birth is considered a significant life event for Native American women as well as their families. As Mim Iron (2006) explains, the animal farm experience associated with giving birth can be negatively or positively influenced by the care that they receive; this has an impact on succeeding encounters with healthcare providers.
According to Beach, et al. Egypt Tutankhamun. (2005), culturally competent care during all stages of japan's ww2 giving birth (prenatal, during birth, and ancient egypt, post natal) is vital to quality healthcare provision. The socio-cultural and political factors affecting the Native Americans have exerted a negative impact on their traditional values, cultural identity and education including their health. Define. Recently, there has an increase in the number of Native American women visiting hospitals for purposes if giving birth. This presents an ideal case for the application of Purnell’s model for cultural competence, for Native American women giving birth in American hospitals (Beach, et al., 2005). When dealing with Native American patients, there are numerous barriers that are likely to hamper the provision of quality care such as Native Americans’ belief in traditional spiritual healing systems; communication barriers; and other culture-specific factors associated with Native Americans that is likely to have an impact on the provision of tutankhamun care. Application of Purnell’s Model for Cultural Competence in the above Clinical Case: Nursing Assessment and Interventions. In order to have cultural challenges when administering care to Native Americans, caregivers need to be culturally competent, which in this case, entails adapting nursing assessments and interventions to meet the particular needs of Native Americans.
The first approach to differences between a leader, provide culturally competent care to egypt pharaohs, Native American women giving birth in hospitals is for the caregiver to have an understanding of the holistic view associated with the Native American culture. Campinha-Bacote (2005) identified seven dimensions that are vital when developing nursing practices for Native Americans; they include holism, connection, traditions, caring, trust, respect and spirituality. Define Model Of Health. In the pharaohs tutankhamun context of Native Americans, spirituality is the most significant; but it is least understood by caregivers. Customarily, the relationship with the child is animal farm free perceived to commence prior to birth. Some of the preparations that can be used to have a good birth and the delivery of a healthy baby include taking care of oneself in a manner that is spiritually healthy; being physically active; paying attention to old women’s teachings; and stress avoidance (Campinha-Bacote, 2005). Caregivers also ought to have an understanding of respect in Native American terms and ancient egypt, apply respect in all interactions. For Native Americans, respect is considered a reciprocal process, which recognizes, in action and vietnam, words, the equality of communities and persons. Respect is also communicated via behaviors like undertaking legitimate attempts to understand the patient’s view, active listening, and offering precise explanations as well illustrating personal integrity (Campinha-Bacote, 2005). Effective communication is egypt also vital when providing culturally competent care to Native American women giving birth in American hospitals. In order for Native Americans to economy ww2, be involved wholly in their own medical care, health services ought to be available in ancient pharaohs Native American languages. According to Campinha-Bacote (2005), language and cultural differences can result in miscommunication, improper treatments and misdiagnosis.
Moreover, it is imperative for the caregiver to understand the elements of non verbal communication such as eye contact norms, and voice tone. For the case of Native Americans, caregivers ought to speak softly and economy after ww2, avoid eye contact; this should not be confused with avoidance (Mim Iron, 2006). In addition, many Native Americans are reluctant to ancient pharaohs, express pain; consequently, it is imperative for the healthcare professionals to animal, understand that the absence of complaints about pain does not necessarily imply that the patient is not experiencing pain (Campinha-Bacote, 2005). In this regard, caregivers should be alert with respect to ancient egypt tutankhamun, physiological and nonverbal signs of pain. Caregivers should always seek for permission of the patient before touching any part of the body; this is because touching is considered extremely personal among Native Americans. Animal Farm. In addition, caregivers should ask for ancient egypt tutankhamun, permission before moving or touching their objects because some are considered spiritual artifacts such as jewellery, hair and differences a leader, some regalia (Weaver Day, 2012). Anderson, L. M., Scrimshaw, C., Fullilove, M., Fielding, J. E., Normand, J. (2003). Culturally Competent Healthcare Systems: A Systematic Review. American Jourbal of Preventive Medicine , 24 (3S), 68-78.
Beach, M., Price, E., Gary, T., Robinson, K., Gozu, A., Palacio, A., et al. (2005). Cultural competence: a systematic review of health care provider educational interventions. Medical Care , 43 (4), 356-73. Campinha-Bacote, J. (2005). A biblically based model of cultural competence in the delivery of healthcare services. New York: Transcultural C.A.R.E. Associates.
Mim, D., Iron, P. (2006). Strategies for Cultural Competency in Indian Health Care. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs. Washington, D.C: American Public Health Association,. Sunil, K., Cheyney, M., Engle, M. Biomedical. (2009). Cultural Competency in Health Care: Evaluating the Outcomes of a Cultural Competency Training Among Health Care Professionals. Journal of the National Medical Association , 101 (9), 886-892.
Weaver, H., Day, P. Ancient Egypt Pharaohs. (2012). Health and the American Indian. New York: Routledge .