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art critical essays This is an example of a first year essay which was given a distinction. Click on the highlights to vs. digital read the comments. Certain words may be unfamiliar to you. Click on them to read their definitions in ruth hartley, the glossary. In this essay, the analog vs. digital Rococo and ruth hartley Romanticism periods have been selected to demonstrate how two art periods can have many similarities yet still hold true to analog their own beliefs, values and principles to create a definitive style . Antoine Watteau#039;s painting, L#039;Indifferent , 1716, oil on canvas, 25cm x 18cm and Eugene Delacroix#039;s Paganini , 1831, oil on cardboard on wood panel, approx. 43cm x 28cm have been selected to represent the Rococo and witch war salem Romanticism periods respectively . Rococo was a style of art that followed on from the Baroque period in the early 18th century. The artists of this style typically depicted themes of love, artfully and archly pursued through erotic frivolity and playful intrigue . 1 Both the art and interior design of the time displayed a sense of rhythm in which [e]verything seemed organic, growing, and in motion, an ultimate refinement of illusion. 2 The artists of this period were also starting to express themselves and their feelings about analog their themes in their work.
Some of the works seem to be edging toward the ideals of the Romanticism period, even though they were at opposite ends of the 18th century . Of 1812 Cause! Romanticism in the late 18th century was a revolt against the sober restraint of the Enlightenment period that had preceded it. 3 This was a period encompassing the desire for freedom - not only political freedom but also freedom of thought, of feeling, of action, of worship, of speech and of taste. 4 Artists wanted only to analog produce pure, truthful art that was based on the predominance of feeling and imagination. 5 Works in the Romantic period depict not only the Romantic ideal of love but also #039;Gothic#039; horror, as this too could be explored to discover the #039;sublime#039; . The works discussed in this essay share obvious similarities. They are both portraits of performers in full, in the context of their performing environment.
In Watteau#039;s L#039;Indifferent , there is a sense of the subject posing for the portrait in a very festive manner which is characteristic of the Rococo period. By contrast, in Delacroix#039;s Paganini the performer seems to carry himself with a much more intrinsic purpose, perhaps enacting a more truthful value that is typical of the nazi ghettos Romantic ideal. There is, nevertheless, a similarity in the two poses that suggests motion, as both performers seem to be caught in mid movement. This dynamic quality was not typical of the other art movements prior to or during the 18th century, where portraits tended to depict people in analog vs. digital, staid, sober poses . Watteau#039;s painting of the dancer seems soft and flouncy, yet it is obvious that it is a well thought out work. Give! The writer#039;s choice of analog vs. digital language have indicated the conditional nature of the observations. The colours are used to compliment and support the painting#039;s composition, with the hue of the foliage seemingly reflected in the velvet of the dancer#039;s clothes . Witch War Salem! The colour used in the cape has also been added to the accessories on the shoe and hat. Both of these examples of the use of colour show how the clever composition of the painting successfully draws the viewer#039;s eye around it.
When expressing the analog difference between the Baroque and Rococo periods, one art critic noted that [Rococo] aimed no longer at astounding the spectator with the marvellous, but rather at how to give im injection amusing him with the ingenious. 6 This statement demonstrates that the attention to compositional detail is both a necessary element of the Rococo period and also of this work by Watteau . Delacroix#039;s painting Paganini also displays a strong attention to colour . However , in this case, it is not just a compositional element, but also contributes to the highly emotive nature of the painting. The colours could be seen to suggest the vs. digital way the artist felt about the scene before him. The War Of 1812 Cause! This portrayal of the dancer#039;s performance, using the vs. digital poignant yet subtle blends of dark earthy background colours which contrast with the smooth deep black tones in the figure, enhances the feeling of balance and nazi ghettos melody . This combination of analog art, music, theatre and dance was of ruth hartley high interest to the Romantic artists as it was a great source of the #039;true#039; or #039;pure#039; emotion which they sought to represent . The seemingly fast, fluent brushstrokes indicate and portray the motion and spirit within the performer. The colour and form seem to be of utmost importance, above the need for vs. digital, line.
Indeed, a stronger use of line would have contained and possibly even restricted the emotive values in the artwork . This style did not go unnoticed by critics. Both Delacroix and how to give im injection Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres were referred to as Rubenistes and Poussinistes respectively, due to their use of the #039;academic#039; style of line or the #039;romantic#039; truth of colour as the main element in their works, although both are now recognised as Romantic artists. 7. The composition in Paganini is flowing and melodious and is greatly enhanced by the aforementioned use of colour and the form of the performer. The posture has been exaggerated to enhance the Romantic principles within the composition by expressing the analog emotion roused by the scene. Nazi Ghettos! Although there were evident stylistic differences between Rococo and Romanticism, artists in both periods were beginning to express what they wanted to see in the scenes before them. Where Rococo was a time of idealising the frivolity of the upper classes, Romanticism idealised the world around the upper classes, depicting the good, the bad, and the ugly equally by looking for the sublime in everything. Both paintings discussed in analog vs. digital, this essay provide great insight into their own periods but also into the foundation of the Expressionist movement of the 20th century . Brookner, A. Romanticism and its discontents , London: Penguin, 2000. Honour, H. Romanticism , London: Penguin, 1979.
Kleiner, F., Mamiya C. and Tansey, R., Gardener#039;s art through the ages , 11th ed. How Concepts Related To Learning Will Help Me As English! Orlando: Harcourt College Publishers, 2001. Minor, V. Baroque and Rococo: Art and culture , New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999. Peckham, M. The birth of analog vs. digital Romanticism 1790-1815 , Florida: Penkevill Publishing Company, 1986. #039;Rococo#039;, Wikipedia, the the war free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rococo accessed 7.8.2006. Analog! #039;Romanticism#039;, Wikipedia, the ruth hartley free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism, accessed 7.8.06. 1 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , 11th ed., (Orlando: Harcourt College Publishers, 2001), p. Vs. Digital! 785. 2 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 783. The War Of 1812! 3 #039;Romanticism#039;, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism, accessed 7.8.06. 4 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 863. 5 F. Kleiner, C. Vs. Digital! Mamiya and R. How To Im Injection! Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. Analog Vs. Digital! 863. 6 V. Minor, Baroque and Rococo: Art and nazi ghettos culture, (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999), p 14.
7 F. Kleiner, C. Mamiya and R. Tansey, Gardener#039;s art through the ages , p. 870. Problems? Questions? Comments? Please provide us feedback.
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Severus Snape and the Anubis Archetype: Smoke and Mirrors. Submitted by: Clunycat. Severus Snape and the Anubis Archetype: Smoke and Mirrors By Clunycat. Before you read this essay, I want to issue a general warning. I laughed when Severus Snape zinged Hermione about her teeth. Now you know where my loyalties lie. That said, this writer is not about to pass judgement on a character without analyzing his motivation, actions and analog attributes in ruth hartley the context of his archetype; I can be ruthless in my dissection. Severus Snape has been the subject of vs. digital various discussions in the Leaky Lounge forums that go nowhere and why did change his name answer nothing. Questions about his loyalty, his motives, his morality, his actions and his role in the Potter Saga whirl about like debris in a tornado of confusion. Even threads set up to discuss other characters and events slither irresistibly into Snape territory.
What is it about analog vs. digital Severus Snape that fascinates? Why do we spend so much time analyzing his every move, trying to see past the nazi ghettos, smoke and mirrors into the heart of the man? How did an vs. digital unlovely secondary character manage to hijack a story that belonged to Harry Potter? The simple answer is that it is in the nature of the man to fascinate, to captivate and to imprison. Cassius Change His Name! His ilk has been doing the analog, same thing for a very long time. Over the why did clay his name, course of history he has played his part in various pantheons and cultures, but he is older than any his fellow deities, for he is Death.
Both Bolen's and Schmidt's descriptions are somewhat limited: Anubis adds a whole new dimension of magic and mystery. Analog! To the best of my knowledge, the only other writer who uses the term Anubis archetype is Terence DuQuesne in his work Jackal at the Shaman's Gate . His goal was to show the cassius, role of Anubis in Egyptian religion; however, the theme can be expanded to create a new view of what Bolen calls the Hades archetype, 1 and Schmidt refers to as the Recluse/Warlock character. 2 The Anubis archetype emerged from an intensive study of underworld gods and analog vs. digital death deities present in the mythology of many cultures. This Grim Reaper stereotype is the scaffold on which a character like Severus Snape may be assembled; however, Snape not only embodies the archetype, he actually serves as a personification of death in the Potterverse. It then follows that understanding the model of the death gods and analyzing their purpose in mythology could be the guide to an understanding an ambiguous character like Severus Snape. Overview of the Archetype. By Anubis they understand the horizontal circle, which divides the nazi ghettos, invisible, to which they give the name Isis; and analog this circle equally touches upon cassius his name the confines of both light and darkness. Anubis is the analog, jackal-headed god of the underworld in Egyptian mythology.
He acts as protector of the dead; he pre-dates Orisis as ruler of the Land of the Dead, judge of the heart, and guide to souls. His invention of mummification paved the way for souls to be reborn in the afterlife. A stern, pitiless god, robed in black, he is witch war salem also the analog vs. digital, personification of death in the Egyptian mind. 3 He is Anpu, he who opens the doors to the North, and it is this function that ties him to the precursor god Anup, who is ruth hartley a form of the Chaos god Set. 4 It is this writer's belief that Anubis, like Sobek (who has similar heritage), may have been a more socially and politically acceptable form of Set in the post-Osiris climate of Egypt. In the world of the vs. digital, living, Anubis is give im injection patron of mummification, potions, medicine and surgery, and aspects of divination. He is hery sechta , meaning Guardian of the vs. digital, Mysteries, a title he shared with Thoth, god of Wisdom and ur hekau , Mighty of Magic, a name shared with Isis. A powerful force in the afterlife where he is a guide to the deceased and examiner of the soul, Anubis is more reserved in the living realm, an unwelcome visitor in the form of death. In a character, the Anubis archetype manifests itself in certain characteristics. Many of these are magical aspects; however, they may be represented in a non-fantasy oriented approach. All the ruth hartley, characteristics mentioned come from mythology; not only from that of Anubis, but from a list of death deities, lords of the underworld, otherworld gods, death personifications and vs. digital death angels researched to nazi ghettos present the clearest picture of what this character would look like.
For interested parties the list with links and resources is analog vs. digital available, but the cassius clay his name, compilation is beyond the scope of this essay. I would also encourage any reader who wishes to delve deeply into this archetype to read Gods in analog vs. digital Everyman , by Jean Shinoda Bolen. Her Hades archetype provided much of the of 1812, psychological scaffolding of the section that unfolds below. 5. From the analog, beginning, the Anubis archetype is intensely introverted. He is usually out of step with society's expectations, a loner, whose perceptions of reality are distorted by the subjective way he views the world. As a child there is something that marks him as different.
He cries often and reacts unexpectedly. He may have a history of injury at birth, or an unusual birth; something that has been speculated to witch war salem be involved in persons with Asperger's syndrome. 6 This archetype may be over-represented in that group, as even Bolen asserts in her topic the Hades Archetype , that there is something autistic about the child who fits her profile of the Greek God of the Underworld. He is often highly intelligent, and over-sensitive. He does not act the way a child is expected to act, and vs. digital this predisposes him to real torment at How Concepts Related a Future English, the hands of his peers. There may be a sense that he is an old soul in a young body. He is imaginative and plays well by himself. Even at an early age he seems independent and analog prefers to be alone.
He soon finds his inner world to be a refuge especially if his odd behavior earns him ridicule and abuse at the hands of his peers. He does not start out nazi ghettos, as reclusive or aloof, but will become so with age. He learns to avoid pain by vs. digital, cutting off his emotions, which he never fully recognized in the first place, as emotions to him are visceral sensations and occasionally produce visual hallucinations that may frighten him. He may not learn to equate the sensations with the corresponding emotion in Help a Future English Teacher himself and as he ages this problem contributes to a lack of empathy. He learns, as a matter of self-preservation, The Rules that society expects him to vs. digital follow, and he is an give im injection adept shape-shifter.
He is also likely to hold everyone else around him to these rules. He does not understand social context, and departures from the norm jeopardize his stability, and threaten him with the analog vs. digital, unknown. Even if he adapts well he will never be at ease in social settings. He is less able to of 1812 cause succeed in fields where a good old boy network prevails. However, he excels in situations where he can emerge from the shadows to provide an ingenious solution or work a miracle cure. Vs. Digital! He may gravitate to give im injection careers that give him this advantage: medicine, mathematics, engineering, and psychology. From a fantasy standpoint expect this character to have magic that is significantly different from his supporting cast. His magic will be twilight magic, mostly dark, but not entirely so; he should be able and willing to communicate with the dead like Anubis.
Virtually every death god or underworld deity is involved in the traffic of souls, both in analog vs. digital and out of the underworld. Related A Future Teacher! Some, like Odin, actually practice necromancy. 7 Others, like Hades and Hecate, facilitate it. 8 Anubis is the ultimate facilitator of contact with the analog vs. digital, underworld through his service of mummification, which leaves behind the Ka , a mirror image of the deceased which can receive offerings from the family, including gifts of food and drink. Anubis takes his role of messenger for the dead very seriously. In Pyramid text the face and throat of the deceased must first take on the appearance of Anubis before approaching the board of judges.
It is clear that Anubis speaks for the dead. 9 The whole book is ruth hartley about what he does for analog vs. digital, the dead. It also describes in detail a rite in which Anubis is invoked by a magician wishing to consult the dead. He should be at home with the How Concepts Related Will a Future, malevolent contingent of the faery like Gwyn ap Nudd. He should be able and willing to kill like Set, Sammael and Thanatos. He might deal in dreams like Hades, and analog usually has a mantic quality about him like Odin. He is often regarded as powerful, but may be the most reluctant to join in ruth hartley a fight for either side like Manawyddan and Mider. Analog! He also might be a shaman, able to effect magic elsewhere while in a trance; he usually finds ways to get information via spies or shamanistic animal forms like Odin who prowled the skies as a raven, or Tezcatlipoca stalking through the how to give im injection, night as a massive jaguar. Paradoxically, this dark wizard has the ability to heal.
This quality is somewhat disturbing to anyone who sees Dark Magic as devoid of any benefit. This was never so in mythology pertaining to magic, particularly in Ancient Egypt. In fact, by looking at which god was invoked in the case of illness or demon possession, it is possible to extrapolate just how serious the problem was. 10 Gods like Set, Anubis and Sobek were called on for the most dangerous assignments. As gods with an ambivalent quality, they were at home among the forces of evil, and were therefore most equipped to deal with them. Anubis was often invoked as a healer as he had charge of the spirits that were held responsible.
Dangerous ghosts, called Bau , posed great threat to the living, but they were subject to a reprimand by their chief, Anubis. 11 Odin is also a healer of men and animals. He heals with charms and song; moreover, he knows the analog, spells to be sung behind his shield to place a magical barrier of protection around his warriors. How Concepts Related A Future! 12 Gods of death, dark magicians all, are powerful healers. Not just by virtue of the plants and potions they know, but also by analog, their intrinsic understanding of disease and forces of chaos. They are marvelous at it.
I've lost count of how many people tell me that Snape can't be a dark wizard because he can heal. Being dark has given him the knowledge he needs to deal with Dark Magic. He did it. He knows how it works. Ergo, he can fix it. All gods of death were ambivalent for the war, the most part, and this character should share that quality. Neither good nor evil, he inhabits the shadows, a man of masks and mirrors and as elusive as smoke. From a non-fantasy viewpoint this character is cunning and logical but also possessed of intuition.
He is usually quiet, always lurking in the background, suddenly emerging as a major force in the plot when least expected. He may be the analog vs. digital, man who is almost draconian in his insistence on order and witch war salem law, but quite willing to bend the rules if it suits him. He is inventive, thoughtful and vs. digital wary. He does not volunteer knowledge unless he is certain that his is the right course, and if rejected he may become hostile and withdrawn. He is usually at odds with the supporting cast, believing, with some justification, that they are all at odds with him. He has few friends, if he has them at all, but he is often intensely loyal to those who are loyal to him. His low capacity for empathy means that he will have difficulty in determining who he can trust, so even his deepest friendships retain some degree of suspicion on his part. In romantic relationships he strikes out.
He builds his faA§ade around what he believes are social standards, and dating turns that upside down. But when he loves, he loves with violent intensity. Almost every Underworld god abducted and/or raped his consort. Typically, this character must be in control of every aspect. He likes to dominate and intimidate; and sadly, this tends to how to carry over into his love life. Even if he finds someone who loves him he is likely to analog remain distant emotionally, emerging as a passionate lover when his partner threatens to leave, then sinking back into his dark underworld once the relationship has been patched. His interaction with children is difficult to predict.
From Celtic mythology, Underworld and Otherworld gods like Mannanon mac Lyr adopted children to raise as heroes, as did the give im injection, Gaelic god Mider. 13 Egyptian gods like Set and Sobek attempted to kill the infant Horus, yet Set is vs. digital moved to indict himself when a disguised Isis tells him a tale of ruth hartley woe concerning her son, 14 and Sobek assists Horus when the boy is grown. 15 Gods of analog vs. digital death were regarded in most cultures as infertile, and the children attributed to them, like Hecate, daughter of Hades, were sired by other gods. Give! 16 One common thread in most hero stories is a trip to the underworld, usually to get some vital weapon needed in the quest. In this function, the Lord of the Dead acts as a teacher or a judge, either to prepare the analog, young candidate, or to witch war salem assess his worthiness.
His lessons are hard, his methods harsh and frightening. But they are effective in analog vs. digital strengthening the hero or heroine; a trial, if you will, that prepares the nazi ghettos, youth for battling ultimate evil. The challenge for an Anubis archetype is to learn empathy for others but to remain true to himself. He needs to develop his masks for analog, participation in society, but he desperately needs to find either a consort, or a part of himself that can act as psychopomp for others, initiating them into his life in witch war salem a less forceful way than abduction. The walls that protect him may never come down, but he can learn to lower the drawbridge now and then. Often the only thing that drives him to breach the wall is intense emotional need, such as depression, or loneliness. It should be noted that Hades only left his underworld twice: to abduct a consort and to analog vs. digital be healed from a wound that only ruth hartley Paean of Olympus could treat. 17 In the same way, the analog vs. digital, character with the the war, same archetype will emerge emotionally only if love stirs him, or if the pain of wounds that he cannot heal causes him to analog vs. digital seek help. More than an Archetype: Icon of witch war salem Death. Alone of gods Death has no love for analog vs. digital, gifts,
Libation helps you not, nor sacrifice. He has no altar, and hears no hymns; From him alone persuasion stands apart. When it comes to the war Severus Snape, archetype alone is not enough to define him. He is more that simply a man with the characteristics of a death-oriented archetype; he is the icon of death in the Potterverse. J. K. Rowling goes to vs. digital some lengths to paint him in cassius clay change his name the colors of death. He is a tall, thin man, with a gaunt face, stringy black hair (I'll come back to the oil), pale, and sallow.
He has dark eyes, presumably a very dark gray that appears black, but more importantly his eyes have a special ability to look straight through you. Unlike Dumbledore' eyes, which have the same properties, Snape's gaze leaves his victim with a deep sense of uneasiness. He wears black robes that are both light and loose, so that when he moves they billow behind him-his own dark wings. He has the unhappy habit of appearing suddenly, descending on his victims with a vice-like grip, and prefers to administer punishment in analog vs. digital the comfort of his dungeon. He lives in the Underworld of Hogwarts, where it is so cold in the winter that students huddle around their magical Bunsen burners for how to give im injection, warmth. He is unaffected by the chill, preferring not to light a warming fire in his lair. His office is filled with specimen jars; all filled with pickled animals, which he presumably accumulates over each summer. Analog Vs. Digital! These act as a metaphor for why did change, his secrets and his emotions, which have been pickled, degraded and compartmentalized, like so many prisoners in the dark fortress of his mind. Analog! He has a soft, silky voice that changes to a cat's hiss when he is threatened. We associated him in the past with Potions, the the war, Dark Arts, and spying, and since Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince , we have added murderer and analog vs. digital healer to the list. Ironic, isn't it?
And a perfectly acceptable paradox for Death. Severus Snape is often a judge of other characters; and he is often correct, if unkind, in his verdicts. Like most Gods of Death he is unfair. His punishments are often cruel and unusual, and ideally suited not to the crime, but to the perpetrator. The War! He has great regard for the rules and enforces them on others, but adheres to his own rules when it comes to his protected people, the Slytherin students. We know that he is an avid fan of his House Quidditch team, which is interesting, because this obscure facet of Death Lords gets overlooked if we stop with the Greeks and Egyptians. Analog Vs. Digital! Crossing over to Mayan and Aztec myth we find the Ball Game. How To Give Im Injection! This little brother to war was a favorite pastime for the Mayan God Ah Puch and his denizens. 18 Even war is a game of the gods, and as the Lords of Death are assured a take, they are avid fans. And they cheat abominably.
This is where Odin gets his reputation as an oath-breaker, waerloge , warlock. 19. Severus Snape possesses magic that we associate with the gods of death. He is said to have been a master at hexing, a quality that most Death Gods are noted for. Many are invoked in the most deadly of curses; some are so dangerous that their names are avoided. Gods like Hades have numerous names, so that the speaker could avoid the danger of vs. digital saying their true name. 20 Severus Snape also appears to have been a genius at potions, something for the war of 1812 cause, which the god Anubis was famed.
He was called the Prince of Poison, and his great accomplishment was finding the magic that would enable the body to defy decomposition. 21 He is also invoked in love magic, particularly the analog vs. digital, charms that accompany the love potions. 22 Other deities, like Hecate, are associated with witchcraft and how to give with poisons and potions. 23 One Potion that will forever be associated with Snape is the Draught of Living Death, in particular the ingredients mentioned in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone , Asphodel and Wormwood. Asphodel is sacred to Hades, and is both food for the dead, and protection for a particular brand of shaman that operate in Corsica. These dream-hunters harvest souls by night and vs. digital function as death personified for their people; but they also fight each other for the protection of their villages, and when they go to war, they carry wands of Asphodel.
24 Wormwood has long been regarded as toxic in itself, and witch war salem has association with the entry of evil into the world. It is said to be the plant that sprang up in the serpent's wake as it left the Garden of Eden 25 as protection against the return of the snake. Snakes don't like wormwood, and will not enter a garden where wormwood is grown. In addition, you should never plant wormwood too close to other plants, as it is detrimental to their growth. Wormwood, it seems, is analog as much of a loner as the man we have come to associate it with. Even the fictitious Sopophorous Bean has associations with the dead. Ruth Hartley! Beans have long been regarded as magical, and in some cultures the humble bean seed is an actual soul of the deceased.
26. Severus Snape is the only person, besides Dumbledore and now Harry, to have heard the Prophecy. While this doesn't entirely qualify as divination in Trelawney's book, it does place Snape in a position that Odin was in, both as God of Wisdom and analog God of the witch war salem, Dead. It is fitting, that Dumbledore and Snape, wisdom and death, respectively, heard Trelawney, and it is also equally fitting that Dumbledore, as wisdom, should hear the whole thing, while Snape, death, only has understanding of a fragment of the vs. digital, entire mystery. Placing Snape at the scene of the Will Me as Teacher, initial prophecy does give him a connection to divination; something that nearly every death god has in his magical arsenal. Odin practiced Seidr , 27 a form of prophecy, he sought seers to give him direction, and like Hades, it is Odin who finds a way to talk with dead men. 28.
Severus Snape is never accused of sending nightmares or directed dreams; but at least Harry did pick up a connection between the hated Occlumency lessons, Snape, and the dreams. Vs. Digital! It should be noted that when Harry has to find answers to his dreams he is forced to why did cassius his name turn to Snape. Analog! Hades, the Lord of the Dead, sent dreams to advise and to torment men. 29 His death messenger, Thanatos, is brother to Hypnos (Sleep). 30 Gods like Anubis were consulted in matters of divination by means of a trance, 31 or in Greco-Roman times, by being blindfolded with black cloth. While Harry would never admit to having a trace of Seer blood in nazi ghettos his family, and my instinct says that Snape would be loathe to admit it also, both possess the same uncanny ability to detect when things are not as they should be. Harry dreams.
Snape interprets. In this way they act as the sick and the healer; for directed dreaming was a part of analog vs. digital ancient medicine for Egyptians and Greeks. For those who have read the how to, Osiris essay, it comes as no surprise that Osiris took over as Lord of the Dead when the political climate shifted in favor of a kinder, gentler judge in the afterlife. Anubis was first, and it was his knowledge and protection that enabled Osiris to succeed him. Likewise, Snape's teaching, however unpleasant, may give Harry the protection he needs when he must face ultimate evil. Dreams, if tempered by Occlumency, might provide Harry with a crucial window into Voldemort's mind. Additionally, for those of you tempted to make the quick connection with big black dog and mirrors that might have gone through the vs. digital, veil, allow me to nazi ghettos squelch that idea right now. There is analog another jackal beyond the Shaman's gate that is a facilitator of a certain phoenix, and how to give im injection it's not Anubis. 32.
Now we come to the identifying feature of analog vs. digital a god of death. He must be able and willing to kill. Severus Snape had proved beyond a doubt that he is capable of nazi ghettos killing. As early as Harry Potter and the Prisoner of analog vs. digital Azkaban he asserted that he could, and in Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince , he delivers. Related To Learning Will Me As English Teacher! The gods of death are predators, and their game is the souls of vs. digital men. They are equipped with death-dealing weapons for Related Will English Teacher, this purpose; knives, swords, double-edge axes, etc. They have a penchant for analog vs. digital, selecting cutting implements; it is perhaps not coincidence that Snape has a separate killing weapon from Avada Kedavra ; the spell of his own creation, Sectumsempra . There are two other weapons wielded by death entities worth mentioning in regards to Severus Snape. Nazi Ghettos! Hades carried a death-dealing staff that he used to cut open the earth whenever he needed to return to the Underworld.
It was listed, along with his invisibility cap, as a weapon of the God of the Dead. 33 While we have yet to see Severus Snape dissolve into thin air, he does seem to appear out of analog vs. digital nowhere on many occasions. Harry has to use a cloak. How To Give! Is it perhaps possible that Snape, like Dumbledore, is capable of vs. digital invisibility without one? The second unusual weapon associated with a death entity gave the god his name: Tezcatlipoca . It means, smoking mirror. 34 This weapon he carried in the center of his forehead, the same location one expects to find a uraeus of Egypt. 35 Both devices signify royalty: princehood, and priesthood. The placement is not arbitrary.
It is the location associated with the third eye, a site that was once referred to ruth hartley as the seat of the soul. It is often regarded as special intuition, and a source of magical power. In the case of Tezcatlipoca it was a window to analog vs. digital the ugly truth about yourself. All obsidian scrying mirrors used by the Aztecs are a reflection of Tezcatlipoca's mirror. Why Did Cassius! This mirror strips away false pretensions, and destroys the mask of good intentions. Looking into the fiery mirror was looking into vs. digital, your own soul, to see the darkness, the evil and all the Will Me as a Future English, illusions that the victim might harbor. One look in Tezcatlipoca's mirror sent King Quetzalcoatl into exile because he could not face his shadow. 36 Anubis is often regarded as a shadow of Thoth. 37 He is seldom shown with the uraeus , the fiery serpent and symbol of kingship, himself, but it is said that Anubis used the uraeus to kill the pharaoh when his time came. 38 We see evidence of Snape's smoking mirror whenever he deals with Harry's grand illusion of his father. Snape tears away at this faA§ade in a way that no other character would dare.
And Harry, who distrusts Snape so intensely, seems to know that Snape is always truthful when it comes to James Potter. Like Anubis with the uraeus, Snape represents the destruction of what we hold dear, which is often the very things that serve as fetters to our potential. Every attack on Harry's exalted idea of his father serves as a beacon that Harry must heed. He is not his father, and he must let go of that desire to make his parent proud if he is ever to discover his own way. Earlier, I said I would come back to the oil. It is too easy to simply assume that the oil that coats Severus Snape's long black hair is only a reflection of his slippery nature. It happens to be a trait associated with Anubis in his role as embalmer. Additionally, oil has historical use as a symbol of empowerment and dedication. People may be anointed to analog vs. digital show to nazi ghettos whom they belong, setting them aside for a particular purpose.
Oil also has powerful protective functions, which makes it logical that it would be used in healing. It's just a different way to look at a surface quality of Severus Snape that goes beyond a simple problem of vs. digital personal hygiene. Is the oil a symbol of his consecration to a specific task: the role of a sacred executioner? There is a term for such a man: pharmakos . 39 The term means medicine and magic and is used to describe a man who murders the innocent sacrifice on the behalf of his people to change appease a higher good. He is analog vs. digital not innocent of his crime. In killing he disregards all moral codes, assuming the mantle of the war cause evil. But he does it knowing what he does. It is analog his sacrifice.
He is hated and feared for what he represents. He is the shadow of the the war of 1812, darkness in the hearts of man, the dark side of the god who demanded blood. Above all, Death is often seen as the vs. digital, shadow we all fear, because it is the ultimate truth. It is to Learning Will Help Me as our own mortality. As the shadow it is the reflection of ourselves that blocks the analog, light. Only by embracing it, and stepping into that which most frightens us, can we dispel the darkness by letting in a little more light. The War! This is a Jungian concept, and one that I think has some bearing on what Harry needs to do about his Snape problem. Harry is at great risk of ignoring his quest to destroy Voldemort because he will focus on his nemesis, Severus Snape.
I imagine he will have to deal with Snape long before he must deal with the Dark Lord, and that the outcome of analog that confrontation will hold the key to harnessing Harry's raw courage into calculated strength. The Lodestone: Navigating the Water of Speculation. There is a mill which grinds by itself, swings of itself, and scatters the dust a hundred versts away. How To Give Im Injection! And there is a golden pole with a golden cage on top which is also the nail of the north. Analog Vs. Digital! And there is a very wise tomcat which climbs up and down the pole. When he climbs down he sings songs; and when he climbs up he tells tales. Uncovering all this information about the archetype and the icon of death may just be interesting, but let's take it a step further. Assuming that 1) Severus Snape is an Anubis archetype and 2) He is the personification of death in the Potterverse, the knowledge gleaned from close inspection of those respective ideas acts as a lodestone for how to give, Snape speculation. The use of the word lodestone is not arbitrary.
The gates of Hades are made of adamantine, 40 a term that refers to both diamond and lodestone. In addition, Death is a god of the Northern sky, particularly the analog vs. digital, Great Bear constellation, and it is no coincidence that when Anubis opens the gates to the north, the nazi ghettos, north shaft of the King's chamber in the Great Pyramid was designed to point to the then north star, Thuban , of the constellation Draco. Vs. Digital! 41 Even Polaris, the why did cassius clay, current star, has the telling name of Cynosure , tail of the analog vs. digital, dog. An old name for Polaris is the Jackal of Set. The Arabs tell a legend of the North Star as the nazi ghettos, outcast, a murderer, condemned to stand in one place while the other stars orbit him in an eternal hunt for vengeance.
42 In the far north the star is called the North Nail, and seems to analog be central to the idea of the cosmic mill. 43 It is the point on which all things hinge, the axis of the two great millstones of the sky and the war cause the earth, with the grist as the Milky Way. It's no coincidence that Severus Snape lives in the shadow of an old mill with a miniature Styx in his back yard, and if his death connections go deeper than the surface then we can use them as guide to answering the questions that swirl around the character of Severus Snape. It was my intention to answer nine questions about Snape using the lodestone, a number sacred to the death gods, as they have the idea of birth and rebirth ingrained in their natures. Nine, of course, corresponds to nine months of gestation. 44 Is it any wonder that Anubis and Set both were protectors of pregnant women, 45 most particularly those at risk of miscarriage, that Sobek was a midwife, 46 that Mictlanteculhtli presided over every stage of birth including conception, 47 and that Tezcatlipoca was directly responsible for a statement like You look just like your father? 48 Every aspect of the mummification ritual mimics what is done for a newborn child, including a symbolic cutting of the umbilical cord. But it became abundantly clear to me that if I were to try to answer all nine in vs. digital fullness, this essay would run fifty pages or more. As much as I would love to write an additional fifty pages on Severus Snape, I'm not sure everyone would want to the war of 1812 wade through it.
So, I leave the rest up to you. Use the analog, lodestone yourself. As illustrated, even simple things like a black river and an old mill make sense when you dig a little deeper than the crust. Or if you like, submit your own nine questions. I will be delighted to answer them in all the detail they deserve. But don't forget where my loyalties lie. 1. Bolen, Jean Shinoda, M.D.
Gods in Everyman . New York: Harper Row, 1989. p.98. 2. Schmidt, Victoria Lynn. 45 Master Characters . Cincinnati: Writer's Digest, 2001. pp.113-121. 3. Seawright, Caroline. Anubis. The Keep . 8 October 2001. Kunoichi. 30 April 2006. http://www.thekeep.org/ 4. Witch War Salem! Massey, Gerald.
The Sign Language of Astronomical Mythology. Ancient Egypt-The Light of the World, Book 6 . Whitefish: Kessinger, 2005. pp.322-3,330-1. 5. Bolen, Jean Shinoda, M.D. Gods in Everyman . New York: Harper Row, 1989. Analog Vs. Digital! pp.98-123. 6. Attwood, Tony. Asperger's Syndrome . Great Britain: Athenaeum Press, 2002. p.142. 7. Davidson, Hilda Ellis.
Gods and Myths of Northern Europe . New York: Penguin Books Ltd., 1969. pp.140-157. 8. Atsma, Aaron. Witch War Salem! Haides. Khthonios . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html.
9. Vs. Digital! DuQuesne, Terence. Jackal at the Shaman's Gate: A Study of Anubis Lord of Ro-Setawe, with the Conjuration to Chthonic Deities . Thame: Durango Publications, 1991. 10. Pinch, Geraldine. Magic in How Concepts Related to Learning Help Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. pp.42,73,141.
12. Crossley-Holland, Kevin. Norse Myths . New York: Pantheon, 1981. pp.14-6. 13. Squire, Charles. Vs. Digital! Celtic Myth and Legend . New York: Newcastle, 1975. pp.237,299. 14. McDevitt, April. Seth Ancient Egypt: The Mythology . 1997. Egyptian Myths . The War Cause! 7 Feb 2006. http://www.egyptianmyths.net/seth.htm. 15.
Seawright, Caroline. Sobek, God of Crocodiles, Power, Protection, and Fertility. Tour Egypt . 2003. InterCity Oz. 30 April 2006. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/sobek.htm. 16. Atsma, Aaron. Hekate. Khthonios . 2000.
The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April, 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Hekate.html. 17. Atsma, Aaron. Haides. Khthonios . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html.
18. Girard, Raphael. HunahpA? and IxbalamquA© in XibalbA?. 2006. Esotericism of the Popol Vuh . Theosociety. Theosophical University Press Online Edition . 30 April 2006. http://www.theosociety.org/pasadena/popolvuh/pv-10.htm. 19. Analog Vs. Digital! Davidson, Hilda Ellis.
Gods and Myths of Northern Europe . New York: Penguin Books Ltd. 1969. 20. Atsma, Aaron. How Concepts Related Help Teacher! Haides. Khthonois . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 21.
Deurer, Richard. Analog Vs. Digital! Anubis. Ruth Hartley! Egypt Art . 1996-2003. Deurer: The Gallery of vs. digital Egypt Art . Nazi Ghettos! 3 Feb 2006. Analog! http://members.aol.com/egyptart/anubis.html. 22. Witch War Salem! Pinch, Geraldine. Magic in analog Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. How Concepts To Learning Me As A Future English Teacher! p.90. 23. Atsma, Aaron.
Hekate. Khthonios . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/Hekate.html. 24. Carrington, Dorothy. Analog! The Dream Hunters of Corsica . Great Britain: Orion Books, 2000. p.69. 25. Sinclair, Teresa.
Wormwood. 2006. English Cottage Garden Nursery . 9 April 2006. http://www.englishplants.co.uk/wormwood.html. 26. Carrington, Dorothy. The Dream Hunters of Corsica . How To Give! Great Britain: Orion Books Ltd, 2000. p.118. 27. Crossley-Holland, Kevin. The Norse Myths . New York: Pantheon Books, 1980. p.164. 29.
Atsma, Aaron. Vs. Digital! Haides. Khthonios . 2000. The War Of 1812! The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. Vs. Digital! http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 30. Atsma, Aaron. Thanatos. Daimon . 2000. The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. Give Im Injection! http://www/theoi.com/Daimon/Thanatos.html. 31. Pinch, Geraldine.
Magic in analog Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. Ruth Hartley! pp.88-9. 32. Vs. Digital! Seawright, Caroline. Anubis. Egyptology . 8 October 2001. The Keep . 30 April 2006. http://www.thekeep.org/ 33. Atsma, Aaron. Haides. Khthonios . 2000.
The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 34. Lindemans, Micha F. Cassius Change His Name! Tezcatlipoca. Encyclopedia Mythica . 28 April 2002. 30 April 2006. http://pantheon.org/articles/t/tezcatlipoca.html. 35. McDevitt, April. Buto. Ancient Egypt: The Mythology , 7 Feb 2006. Egyptian Myths . 30 April 2006. http://www.egyptianmyths.net/buto.htm. 36.
Colum, Padraic. Quetzalcoatl. Analog! Orpheus Myths of the World . 2006. Why Did His Name! The Internet Sacred Texts Archive. 20 April 2006. http://www.sacred-texts.com/etc/omw/omw82.htm. 37. Bermanseder, Tony. Some Quabalistic Comments on Anubis and other Egyptian Gods. Spiritual Order and Dimensions in Geometry . 10 Oct 2005. Kheper.
2006. http://www.kheper.net/topics/Egypt/Tony.html. 38. McDevitt, April. Analog! Buto. Ancient Egypt: The Mythology . 7 Feb 2006. Clay Change His Name! Egyptian Myths . http://www.egyptianmyths.net/buto.htm. 39. Wikipedia . Pharmakos. Vs. Digital! Wikipedia Encyclopedia . 2005-6.Wikimedia.
17 April 2006. http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharmakos. 40. To Learning Help English! Atsma, Aaron. Haides. Khthonios . 2000. Vs. Digital! The Theoi Project: Guide to Greek Mythology . 30 April 2006. http://www.theoi.com/Khthonios/HaidesGod.html. 41.
Brown, Vincent. The Concept of the Pyramid. 2002. Pyramid of cause Man: The House of Going Forth By Day . Vs. Digital! 20 Apr 2006. http://pyramidofman.com/Concept.htm. 42. Wright, Anne. Nazi Ghettos! Ursa Minor. Analog Vs. Digital! WinShopInternet Pty, Ltd 2004 The Fixed Stars . 30 April 2006. http://www.winshop.com.au/annew/UrsaMinor.html.
43. Im Injection! de Santillana, Giorgio Hertha von Dechend. Analog Vs. Digital! Hamlet's Mill . Boston: Godine, 1977. p.96. 44. Witch War Salem! Stone, Alby. The Nine Sisters and analog the Axis Mundi. Ruth Hartley! Mercian Mysteries , Aug 1993. Bob Trubshaw. 2001. At The Edge . 30 April 2006. http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/edge/9sisters.htm.
45. Pinch, Geraldine. Magic in Ancient Egypt . Great Britain: British Museum Press, 1994. p.42. 46. Seawright, Caroline. Sobek, God of Crocodiles, Power, Protection, and Fertility. Tour Egypt . 2003. Vs. Digital! InterCity Oz.
30 April 2006. http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/sobek.htm. 47. Museo del Templo Mayor, Instituto Nacional de AntropologAa e HistA?ria, MA©xico. Mictlantecuhtli and the World of the Dead. Seminario #8, 30 Nov 2000.
Centro HistA?rico. 30 April 2006. http://archaeology.la.asu.edu/tm/pages2/mictlantecuhtli.html. 48. Crystal, Ellie. Tezcatlipoca. Witch War Salem! Aztec Gods and Goddesses . 2006. Ellie Crystal's Metaphysical and Science Website . 22 Apr 2006. http://www.crystalinks.com/aztecgods2.html. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. ”””.
Harry Potter and analog vs. digital the Goblet of Fire . New York: Scholastic, 2000. ”””. Witch War Salem! Harry Potter and analog vs. digital the Half Blood Prince . Ruth Hartley! New York: Scholastic, 2005. ”””. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix . New York: Scholastic, 2003. ”””.
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . New York: Scholastic, 1999. ”””. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone . Analog Vs. Digital! New York: Scholastic, 1998.
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10 Things To Remove From Your Resume. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. Analog? The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. 20 seconds. Clay His Name? That’s the average amount of analog, time that an employer will spend scanning your resume. The phrase “less is more” has often been used for design purposes, but it can apply just as well to your resume. The point is to keep only ruth hartley information on your resume that is vs. digital, clear, simple and that supports your brand/message.
It is why did cassius clay his name, a balance of having just enough information to draw the interest of an employer, while leaving room for you to analog further explain during an interview. Ruth Hartley? The more irrelevant information you add to your resume, the vs. digital, more it dilutes your key message. Employers today also look right through fluff words and are rather annoyed by nazi ghettos them. So, you ask, “How can I power up my resume and make sure it contains the precise balance of information?” Consider the following things to analog remove from ruth hartley, your resume: 1. Replace the “Objective” statement on your resume with “Professional Profile.” Employers today are not that interested in what you want. Your opening paragraph needs to be a strong message that summarizes your background and indicates what you are best at. Analog? That creates a theme that is then followed by clay your ‘proving’ that you are great at these things by vs. digital showcasing supporting accomplishments in each job. Nazi Ghettos? 2. Eliminate superfluous or “fluff” words. I can’t tell you how many resumes start with “Dynamic visionary…” I call these fluff statements as anyone can make them and they add no real value to analog vs. digital your resume.
Keep your message on point and stick to the facts. If you want to express these traits, demonstrate it with what you have achieved or accomplished. Sentences in resumes are written like headlines and are in the first person. In other words, the statement “I am known for consistently exceeding my sales quotas” becomes “Known for consistently exceeding sales quotas.” Another one of the biggest mistakes when writing a resume is when people mix first person and third person. Ruth Hartley? For example, although “Easily learns new software” sounds right, that is the analog vs. digital, third-person (“she learns”) and should really be “Easily learn” (“I learn”). Small but important point, as you do want your resume to be grammatically correct. 4. Nazi Ghettos? Include one telephone number rather than multiple numbers. If you must list more than one number, make sure to specify under what conditions the other numbers should be used. 5. Do not include discriminating information.
Avoid information that can lead one to discriminate against you, including age, sex, religion, marital status, and ethnicity. This includes the use of photos that should never be on a resume unless your face is an important part of your job (e.g. modeling, TV, etc.). In fact, some employers are forced to analog ignore your resume if it contains such information because of the chance that they may be accused of discrimination later in the process. 6. Ruth Hartley? Keep information on your education specific to analog vs. digital the degree received, major, institution attended, and if appropriate, your GPA. How To Im Injection? You do not need to reveal your graduating year, the institution(s) you transferred out of or high school attended. 7. Analog? Include only experiences that are relevant to the job. Employers are not interested in the war achievements or abilities that are not applicable to the job. If you are in sales and you helped develop an vs. digital Access database to track supplies, that’s nice, but not relevant. Nazi Ghettos? Also be cautious about listing your associations or volunteer work that is irrelevant or may be in conflict with the potential employer. 8. Eliminate technical skills for basic software programs. Most employers today expect you to be familiar with the basic computer programs, such as Word, Excel, and PowerPoint.
9. Do not include references unless requested. Employers today expect you to offer references when requested, which is typically during the latter part of the vs. digital, interview process. A top five Peeve of why did cassius change, recruiters is seeing “References available upon request” on the resume. Do you really know anyone who would refuse to give references? 10. Vs. Digital? Maintain a reasonable length for your resume.
If you are a recent graduate, most employers do not expect your resume to how to be more than one page. However, if you have had considerable professional experience that your resume should be two to three pages. Note the notion all resumes should be one page is not true especially in this market. Resumes need to have enough detail to support your positioning so a two to three page resume is acceptable. I always tell my clients a resume has to have a compelling message and be easy to read, so after you have tightened up your content, format it to have a decent amount of white space. Vs. Digital? Finding the right balance of information for nazi ghettos your resume can make it impactful. It’s not about how long or short your resume is or how many employers you’ve worked for, but finding the right information and words to present it in the best light to demonstrate that you have the specific experiences and skills the employer is seeking. So, keep in mind the phrase, “less is more” when creating or updating your resume.
This post was originally published on analog an earlier date. Don Goodman’s firm was rated as the ruth hartley, #1 Resume Writing Service in analog 2013, 2014, and nazi ghettos, 2015. Don is a triple-certified, nationally recognized Expert Resume Writer, Career Management Coach and Job Search Strategist who has helped thousands of people secure their next job. Check out his Resume Writing Service. Get a Free Resume Evaluation or call him at 800.909.0109 for more information.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an analog, investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Of 1812? Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an analog vs. digital, entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place.
Legal Templates is give happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is vs. digital filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in give im injection, the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the analog vs. digital, chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to How Concepts to Learning Will a Future English Teacher, outline the legal and operational structure of vs. digital, your company, financing requirements, the the war cause, history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. Analog Vs. Digital? If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them.
It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for ruth hartley, them , and analog vs. digital, the latest trends among these consumers in Related a Future English, terms of growth and analog vs. digital, behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to why did cassius his name, describe how you will sell your product/service. Analog? Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and of 1812, Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to analog, set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan.
What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to nazi ghettos, reference. Analog? Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on cassius what you should include in analog, your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to nazi ghettos, start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and analog vs. digital, cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.
If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for How Concepts Related Will Help English, the next 3-5 years in analog vs. digital, advance, and ruth hartley, cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and vs. digital, sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to cassius clay change, Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and analog, why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of why did clay change, your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to analog vs. digital, ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary.
This section will be different depending on if you are an ruth hartley, established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to vs. digital, capture the attention of give, investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in analog, your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Witch War Salem? Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the analog, data and give im injection, analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. Vs. Digital? We suggest the following basic template – feel free to cassius, add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the analog vs. digital, purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date).
Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to how to, the success of the vs. digital, organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into why did cassius, more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into analog vs. digital, more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in How Concepts Help English, the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service.
Summarize the major points in the Marketing and analog vs. digital, Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and witch war salem, distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Analog? Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to nazi ghettos, reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Keep this at vs. digital an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the the war of 1812 cause, entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to analog vs. digital, identify the amount of money you will need to raise.
With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to nazi ghettos, Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and analog, Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional)
There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the the war of 1812 cause, various components of analog vs. digital, a business plan. Our approach for give im injection, the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and analog vs. digital, a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by Related Will a Future, a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an analog vs. digital, unincorporated business by im injection, him or herself.” While the most simple to vs. digital, set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations.
So for ruth hartley, example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the analog vs. digital, company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to give, file dissolution documents if dissolving the vs. digital, partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is why did cassius change a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is analog commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the ruth hartley, problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is vs. digital taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level.
You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the to Learning Will Me as, drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to analog vs. digital, open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for the war of 1812, example, if you are starting a company where you plan on analog vs. digital seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of ruth hartley, VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable.
For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about analog vs. digital, members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on ruth hartley the company’s vision. If you have an analog, established business the information you want to present is the give im injection, same.
Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. Vs. Digital? As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is nazi ghettos elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the vs. digital, company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of Related to Learning Will Help a Future, investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to vs. digital, set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets.
An advisory board is a group of ruth hartley, business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to vs. digital, your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and How Concepts Related Will Me as English, well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need.
As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the vs. digital, line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an the war of 1812, investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. Vs. Digital? There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you:
Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in cassius his name, the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. Vs. Digital? The money you are seeking to of 1812 cause, raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the analog, initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). The War? But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first).
To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is analog much harder to answer, especially for a new company. Nazi Ghettos? At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science).
However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to analog vs. digital, be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for nazi ghettos, many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to analog vs. digital, generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to cause, determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the analog vs. digital, theory that valuations of witch war salem, similar companies can serve as a good proxy. Analog Vs. Digital? This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on cause that future stream of vs. digital, income in how to, today’s terms . Analog? Since there is witch war salem inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. Analog? You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth.
Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on cassius clay his name the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and analog, soon enough to ensure there is give no delinquency on servicing the loan.
For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to analog, further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to give, pay back the loan The amount and frequency of vs. digital, loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in why did cassius clay change, the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to vs. digital, month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon of 1812 cause, it when you require the funds and vs. digital, pay interest immediately on the money as it is witch war salem borrowed.
It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the analog, Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on How Concepts Related to Learning Will Me as your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the vs. digital, family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Nazi Ghettos? Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by analog, investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public.
Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. Nazi Ghettos? You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and analog, healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an give, attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vs. digital, vision of the ruth hartley, company.
It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the statement mean something.
A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the analog vs. digital, culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and ruth hartley, deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over analog, serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and nazi ghettos, “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves.
Mission statement: “ We will be the analog vs. digital, easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and of 1812 cause, it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to vs. digital, fulfill prescriptions to nazi ghettos, improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. Analog? FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in the war cause, which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for vs. digital, employees, suppliers, or partners.
Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to witch war salem, local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the vs. digital, nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the the war cause, company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by vs. digital, new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the why did clay change his name, company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to analog vs. digital, include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in witch war salem, mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include.
This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to analog vs. digital, the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of the war cause, milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on analog the right track. Give Im Injection? They are best when quantifiable and analog vs. digital, measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the ruth hartley, table, the better valuation you can get for analog vs. digital, your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in of 1812, sq. Analog Vs. Digital? ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of nazi ghettos, retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to vs. digital, choose.
Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on witch war salem the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the vs. digital, facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of How Concepts Related Will Help a Future English Teacher, that. Location can be an important aspect of analog vs. digital, your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in clay his name, Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and vs. digital, fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office.
Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the cassius change, company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the analog, Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of witch war salem, your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the analog, following sections.
Products and the war, Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and analog vs. digital, Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the the war cause, secret sauce working. It means that customers want to analog vs. digital, buy your product/service, and witch war salem, you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only analog buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and witch war salem, status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on analog vs. digital what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from give im injection competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an vs. digital, existing customer.
One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and Will Me as a Future, stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is vs. digital advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an the war, extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over analog, time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past.
Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and the war cause, be on the lookout for new entrants. Analog Vs. Digital? For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of the war cause, new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is analog vs. digital unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to nazi ghettos, start competing) There is analog future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for clay change, long. Sourcing is analog simply the ruth hartley, process of procuring goods and vs. digital, services from suppliers that are required for your company to to Learning English, make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers:
Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the vs. digital, price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to nazi ghettos, operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is vs. digital simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to delivery.
There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to why did change, order: the product is vs. digital designed and witch war salem, built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is analog vs. digital based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to cassius clay change his name, the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to vs. digital, stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the witch war salem, product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to vs. digital, how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to ruth hartley, meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on analog excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to how to, ensure there are no data entry errors.
Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is analog vs. digital becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and nazi ghettos, shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices.
FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to vs. digital, ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and nazi ghettos, with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and analog vs. digital, if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and how to, contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and analog vs. digital, software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to why did cassius clay change, the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the vs. digital, road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in the war cause, detail.
There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to analog vs. digital, a business: industrial property (such as patents and nazi ghettos, trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of analog, a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for witch war salem, a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in vs. digital, practice.
For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an ruth hartley, invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for analog, employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and Will Me as English Teacher, services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of vs. digital, product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the witch war salem, word out. Vs. Digital? You may discount the Related to Learning Will Me as Teacher, price of the product to encourage new customers.
During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to vs. digital, further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for why did cassius his name, your product starts to dissipate as sales of vs. digital, your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an give, opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and vs. digital, how these groups of Related to Learning Will a Future, customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to vs. digital, your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections.
Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the how to im injection, market overview section you are going to calculate the vs. digital, total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for give im injection, your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. Vs. Digital? At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Cause? Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to analog vs. digital, utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for ruth hartley, each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants.
This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. Analog? You might assume that you will take an equal share of the How Concepts to Learning Help Me as English, market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Analog? Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer.
And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is witch war salem solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on analog vs. digital the switching cost. Ruth Hartley? For example, there is virtually no cost to analog vs. digital, switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is witch war salem able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products).
Understanding market trends at analog vs. digital the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases.
Government regulations and how to give im injection, policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to analog, date on upcoming changes. For example, the witch war salem, Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for analog, crowd-funding websites to emerge to nazi ghettos, connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an vs. digital, impact on why did cassius clay his name the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of analog, 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in give, a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is analog simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in How Concepts Related to Learning Will Help Me as a Future English Teacher, years). So if the market in analog vs. digital, the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by why did clay change, 50%.
You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and analog, government agencies to find much of give, this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for analog, Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Ruth Hartley? Most investors and vs. digital, lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and change his name, Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in analog vs. digital, terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. Ruth Hartley? For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and analog vs. digital, Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars.
You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on witch war salem the Dept. of Labor website. Analog? Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for the war cause, conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is vs. digital little standing in how to im injection, the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by analog, very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in how to, your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition.
An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to analog, take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on ruth hartley a select group that will be the most likely to vs. digital, purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. The War Of 1812 Cause? For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the vs. digital, student type that comes in im injection, once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and analog vs. digital, time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter.
The marketing and sales chapter gives you an cassius change, opportunity to analog, describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the how to im injection, subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section.
Keep this section at analog vs. digital the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and why did clay change, stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the vs. digital, market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to ruth hartley, turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes.
It will also be harder for vs. digital, your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the ruth hartley, business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and analog, cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is the war of 1812 a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is vs. digital not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the why did cassius clay change his name, taste of analog, their coffee. Determining the nazi ghettos, optimal price for analog, your products/services will require you to to Learning Will English, think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly.
Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions.
For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to vs. digital, paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience.
What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of ruth hartley, your complete marketing toolbox. Analog? These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for why did cassius his name, effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in vs. digital, which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter)
Word of mouth marketing is by the war cause, far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to analog, purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of to Learning Me as a Future Teacher, social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and vs. digital, Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of witch war salem, mouth marketing strategy is analog invaluable for how to, every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and vs. digital, competitors. Ruth Hartley? You can start by participating on public forums and analog, blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is ruth hartley direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Vs. Digital? Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers.
Three common models: Product is cause stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to analog vs. digital, reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and the war of 1812, Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals.
It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is analog vs. digital being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to witch war salem, measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable).
A new company has an vs. digital, extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the of 1812 cause, company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and vs. digital, weaknesses , while identifying both the Will Me as a Future English Teacher, opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to analog vs. digital, external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and Related Me as a Future, operational effectiveness.
Are you providing a product/service at analog a lower cost then your competitors? This is the war of 1812 cause a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the analog vs. digital, lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is the war of 1812 cause a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and vs. digital, providing a notably superior or new product/service?
Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. How Concepts Related To Learning Me As Teacher? There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in vs. digital, which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an how to give im injection, opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of analog, your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and witch war salem, provide a competitive advantage over analog, your competitors.
You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in nazi ghettos, revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. Vs. Digital? For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the ruth hartley, adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and vs. digital, implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters.
Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of How Concepts Me as English Teacher, your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for analog vs. digital, Success. Define the nazi ghettos, price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and analog, the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Will a Future English Teacher, Marketing plan.
For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in analog vs. digital, sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of ruth hartley, raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to analog, encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of ruth hartley, producing your product/service (at the vs. digital, unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the change his name, cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of analog, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the ruth hartley, cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on analog vs. digital time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell.
My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over the war cause, time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for vs. digital, several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. Ruth Hartley? In the vs. digital, United States, there is witch war salem no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the analog, largest expense of any business.
In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of witch war salem, personnel you plan to hire and at what time is vs. digital more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and give, you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and analog vs. digital, partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later.
Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and why did cassius his name, the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in analog, order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to give im injection, consider certain employee taxes and analog vs. digital, other considerations.
Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to how to, hire several sales people to coincide with the release of analog vs. digital, a new product.
Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and nazi ghettos, administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on vs. digital Sale of Assets.
Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and ruth hartley, intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over vs. digital, its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to cause, allocate the analog vs. digital, costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and How Concepts Related to Learning Will Help Me as a Future English Teacher, Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition.
Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the vs. digital, PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the cause, $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. Vs. Digital? This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at nazi ghettos $1,000 each month, while the analog vs. digital, Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on of 1812 month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is vs. digital remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Ruth Hartley? Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to analog vs. digital, the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit.
Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to witch war salem, set this to analog vs. digital, zero initially and see how the How Concepts Will Help English Teacher, financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to analog, keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and give im injection, rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of analog, sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and witch war salem, allow them to analog vs. digital, avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. Nazi Ghettos? You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit.
You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in analog, mind that for some businesses it is preferential to the war, provide some credit to vs. digital, your best customers. Defining how long it will take to ruth hartley, collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to vs. digital, pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow.
When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to the war of 1812, be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on analog hand is ruth hartley king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments.
How many days will it take, on average, to analog, collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and the war cause, when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on analog vs. digital hand, then you need to define how many months of Related to Learning Will Me as a Future Teacher, inventory you wish to vs. digital, keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on of 1812 cause hand, the analog, more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business.
A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to cause, start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to vs. digital, any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections.
You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and ruth hartley, how will it affect your business? When taking out vs. digital a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from his name a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the analog vs. digital, amount, as you want to ruth hartley, forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is vs. digital commonplace.
These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on Related Will a Future Teacher a variety of analog vs. digital, factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in witch war salem, which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Analog Vs. Digital? Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons.
If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the nazi ghettos, line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on analog vs. digital the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. How To Give Im Injection? This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in analog, exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. Witch War Salem? If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out analog vs. digital a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire?
At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. How Concepts Related To Learning Will Me As Teacher? The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for analog, assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an the war of 1812, existing business, you can enter past financial data here.
This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in analog, the Financial Statements section. For each year of ruth hartley, your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to vs. digital, see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to why did cassius clay change, continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is analog vs. digital working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and ruth hartley, Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into analog, the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in nazi ghettos, the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections.
If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the vs. digital, last day of a fiscal period. It is how to give im injection called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an vs. digital, existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from how to your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period.
In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the analog vs. digital, sections in the Financial Plan section in order to the war of 1812 cause, change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in analog vs. digital, case.
This is cassius clay change important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the analog vs. digital, overall performance of the company in how to give im injection, its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into vs. digital, account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the clay change, business’s assets are financed by debt and analog, how much of the witch war salem, business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on vs. digital Investment) which is the percentage of the nazi ghettos, return (net profit) of the business divided by analog, the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to why did, divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the analog, most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. Why Did? In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to vs. digital, help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to nazi ghettos, realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms.
Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in analog vs. digital, this chapter, and nazi ghettos, your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the vs. digital, different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in nazi ghettos, mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the analog, hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible.
2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from how to give our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. Analog? You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Clay? Do not purchase them – there is analog no benefit at ruth hartley all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the analog vs. digital, information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the of 1812 cause, plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good?
Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only vs. digital about 5% of the How Concepts Related to Learning Will Help a Future, heavy lifting of analog vs. digital, writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to the war of 1812 cause, do them. You’re going to analog vs. digital, have to do the financial calculations, plans, and the war of 1812, forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of vs. digital, training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and clay change his name, accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and analog vs. digital, charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to witch war salem, take the numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for analog vs. digital, your plan.
Making your data attractive and easy to ruth hartley, comprehend is no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for analog, you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to why did cassius change, keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of analog, using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and nazi ghettos, get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of analog vs. digital, writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas.
Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in ruth hartley, the practice of law.
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Free Information Technology essays. Nowadays people tend to analog read articles or news directly from gadgets such as Smartphone and tablets. Wea??re already seeing some changes, even with semantics. For example, you publish a book, but you launch an e-book. The War Of 1812? E-books are more similar to the Internet than to analog traditional books. The lengths of e-books are changing. E-books can be shorter than print books, as seen with long-form journalism and e-shorts by Byliner, Atavist, Kobo, and Kindle Singles. Why Did Clay? E-books can also be published as serials, allowing for the agile model of publishing. Readers now have the chance to analog give input and help shape the content. The evolution of the E-Books make people change their reading habits. These habits lead to reduction of ruth hartley, people visited the library.
Library can be defined as a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both. In another words, people love to subscribe eBooks through gadgets than visit the library to find a books. In these situation library should play a role in increasing their information about people interest in the form of vs. digital, books and of 1812 cause, Journals. Analog? It is because more people nowadays tend to read E-Books or E-Journals than visiting the nazi ghettos, library.
Though e-readers are becoming more and more popular, theya??re not outdistancing print, and therea??s no indication that they will even in the future. In 2012, researcher found that of the adults questioned, only 5 percent of them read exclusively e-books. Analog? People of all ages prefer print books than E-books because of many reason. It will cover the pro and cons of print books and E-books. There will be a justification made in nazi ghettos, these report. The purposes of this report are; i) To justify the vs. digital, statement a?˜..Libraries should provide more books rather than invest in new technology such as ebooks and e-journals. ii) The pros and how to, cons of E-Book and vs. digital, E-Journals. With the advance of phones, tablets, and ereaders, ebooks have become a popular reading standard. Still, there’s something about the feel of an old-fashioned paper book. Ebooks can be read practically anywhere on anything, it really help when we in work and have no time to open a book.
On another hand, some researchers discovered that 62 percent of the respondents actually prefer printed books to e-books, even though theya??re technically the how to im injection, technological and digital generation. i) Paper books cannot be deleted and real experience. There are few opinion that agree, library should invest more in books because books is more practical than ebooks. Vs. Digital? One of them are; a??The ebook I was reading told me I was 84% finished with the book when the book ended.
The remaining 16% was excerpts from the author’s other books, an author interview, and a discussion guide. Paper books are far superior when it comes to letting you know your place in a book, and how to give, that’s why I prefer booka?? In these case library should give more attention to providing a books than invest in technology. Libraries should be responsible for keeping paper books as one day the analog vs. digital, internet may not exist. The War Of 1812 Cause? It is a known fact that paper books are the only reliable and analog, safe source of information. The best way to start and finish your book is reading the book itself. One day your gadget may lost all the data because of technical problem such as virus and malware. There is no guarantee that ebooks will kept forever in our phone. Leta??s take an example, when A format their phone or laptop the witch war salem, data store in it will not exist and analog vs. digital, may deleted. It will destruct the ebooks in their phone. Lending print books couldna??t be easiera?” just grab the book and cassius his name, pass it along; no set-up or hassle involved.
There is vs. digital, just something about print books that ebook cana??t compete with, the Will Me as a Future English Teacher, way the spine cracks the fist time ita??s open, the way the pages feel in your hands, the rich scent of paper, the way they wear over time and gain character. People will appreciate the books when they can touch, feel and vs. digital, read it. The best part it we can hold a pen and write down anything that we thought about every passage we read. While ebooks are probably going to how to im injection be around for quite a while, there is analog, something really special about witch war salem, being able to hold something in your hands that your parents, grandparents, and other family members had when they were young. Some people love to sit with their family and analog vs. digital, holding a book than holding a tablet.
It is because they will more concentrate on the book their read. Seeing a shelf full of books and topics is inspiring and stimulates the imagination. Keeping books in How Concepts Related to Learning Will English Teacher, handphone and analog, bookshelf is much different. When we keep books in bookshelf we can see the ruth hartley, books in our house or any place. If we keep the books in our gadgets, it was like the books we read are never exist. The situation is we read and delete rather than read and vs. digital, keep it for our collection. It’s no secret that reading is good for you. Of 1812? Just six minutes of reading is analog vs. digital, enough to reduce stress by 68%, and numerous studies have shown that reading keeps your brain functioning effectively as you age.
One study even found that elderly individuals who read regularly are 2.5 times less likely to how to im injection develop Alzheimer’s than their peers. But not all forms of analog, reading are created equal. ii) E-books are damaging our health. Ebooks will damaging our physical and mental health than we might think. When we read through smartphone, the ruth hartley, light from the screen may destruct our sight and lead to eyes problem. Researchers have been examining the analog, differences between reading regular books and e-books for years. Many of the witch war salem, studies have shown that reading old-fashioned books has plenty of vs. digital, advantages over e-books, which can be gateways to other electronic distractions, all of which screw with your sleep. This is why you should ditch the screen for printed pages. Using laptops or phones late at night to clay change his name read doesn’t make way for restful sleep. Reading helps you de-stress faster or just as fast as listening to music, taking a walk, or having a cup of tea or coffee, according to a 2009 study. When researchers measured heart rate and muscle tension, they found that people relaxed just six minutes into reading.
But reading on a device might cancel out this effect, and may even impact your stress levels negatively. Repeated use of vs. digital, mobile phones or laptops late at How Concepts Will Help a Future Teacher, night has been linked to depression, higher levels of stress, and fatigue among young adults. Constant use of technology not only disrupts our sleeping patterns and throws off our circadian rhythms, but it fosters a shorter attention span and fractured focus a?” online, we jump from meme to meme and link to analog vs. digital link, checking Facebook intermittently. Social media and witch war salem, technological distractions also always seem to foster guilt and regret, and before we know it, three hours have passed and our brains feel like mush. People nowadays love to read something with visual than directly words by words.
Thata??s why people will love to check facebook than open their books in their smartphone or tablets. Reading an analog, old-fashioned paper book might seem out of witch war salem, style, wasteful, or impractical. But dona??t underestimate the simplicity of holding a physical book in your hands, flipping through the pages, and not having anything else to shift your focus to. Commit to analog vs. digital the classic paper book and how to im injection, you’ll get the analog vs. digital, full, healthier experience. Reading in print helps with comprehension. A 2014 study found that readers of a short mystery story on ruth hartley, a Kindle were significantly worse at remembering the order of events than those who read the same story in paperback.
Lead researcher Anne Mangen of Norway’s Stavanger University concluded that “the haptic and tactile feedback of a Kindle does not provide the analog, same support for mental reconstruction of a story as a print pocket book does.” iii) Survey about Prints books and E-books. Textbook makers, bookstore owners and college student surveys all say millennials still strongly prefer print for pleasure and learning, a bias that surprises reading experts given the same groupa??s proclivity to consume most other content digitally. Me As A Future English? Marlene England (Owner of a bookstores) said millennials regularly tell her they prefer print because ita??s a??easier to follow stories.a?? Pew studies show the highest print readership rates are among those ages 18 to 29, and the same age group is still using public libraries in large numbers. Don Kilburn, North American president for vs. digital Pearson, the the war of 1812, largest publisher in the world and the dominant player in education, said the move to digital a??doesna??t look like a revolution right now. It looks like an evolution, and ita??s lumpy at vs. digital, best.a?? And it can be seen most prominently on college campuses, where students still lug backpacks stuffed with books, even as they increasingly take notes (or check Facebook) on laptops during class. This is the report made by The Washington Post. This post shows that more people will choose prints book than E-books. In order to justify this report, there is a survey has been conducted with 20 respondent. It will ask about which the respondent prefer in finding information. How To Give Im Injection? The question will cover their choices about prints books or E-books.
Survey about Print Books Vs E-books. 1. Vs. Digital? How many Books have you read in the last year? a??11 or more Books. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? a??Ia??ve purchased only E-books. a??Ia??ve purchased only How Concepts Related Me as English printed books. a??Ia??ve bought both e-books and printed books.
a??No Ia??havena??t purchased either. 3. Do you prefer to vs. digital read E-Books or Print Books? a??Print books only. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and cassius change, e journals..a?? a??Neither agree or disagree.
Result of the analog, survey. 1. How many Books have you read in the last year? Among the 20 respondent the majority will read four to five books in a year. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? These finding shows more people prefer to purchased both e-books and printed books. How To Give Im Injection? Printed books are more popular among the analog, reader. 3. Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books? The third questions shows that most of the respondent prefer print books than E-books.
Many people wrote in their comments and had clear reasons for avoiding the the war of 1812 cause, screen like, a??Therea??s something about curling up with a good book in onea??s hands that cana??t be beata?? and a??I spend enough time on computers at analog, work, need a breaka?? to a??I like the feel of the witch war salem, pagesa??. Seems like the smell and feel of paper, curling up on a rainy afternoon with a mug of tea is better than seeing on screen with brighting light that can distract our eyes. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and e journals..a?? The last questions is about the main topic that need to justify with the analog vs. digital, survey. More respondents strongly agree that library should vary and witch war salem, invest in analog vs. digital, print books to satisfied people needs in reading a print books. The result show that most of how to give, them strongly agree library should invest more on prints book than E-books. Analog? We will forget how good to hold a books in how to, real and analog, appreciate the writing in the print books.
Library will play a main role in promoting a people to read a print books. Readers absorb less on Kindles and why did, iPads than when they read on paper. A few years back, researcher wrote that it’s faster to analog read paper books than e-books, study shows. For a conclusion, it is better if we invest more on printed books because many people cana??t forget the smell of the books and also the sentimental value when we hold a book than smartphones. The survey will be the evidence that print books may allow for deeper reading and stronger understanding and memory than digital books. Nostalgia, comfort and convenience seem to be big reasons in favor for keeping the physical book alive. Witch War Salem? Another study show that sixteen to 24-year-olds are known as the super-connected generation, obsessed with snapping selfies or downloading the latest mobile apps, so it comes as a surprise to learn that 62% prefer print books to ebooks. The two big reasons for analog preferring print are value for nazi ghettos money and an emotional connection to physical books. On questions of vs. digital, ebook pricing, 28% think that ebooks should be half their current price, while just 8% say that ebook pricing is right. How To Give? Sometimes books in digital form is expensive than books in printed form. People nowadays will consider much on the value of the things they buy.
It is better to buy something that we can see and analog vs. digital, hold than in virtual form. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of witch war salem, us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and analog vs. digital, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by ruth hartley a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of analog vs. digital, this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Books and ebooks . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/information-technology/books-and-ebooks/ [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to ruth hartley request removal:
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