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book report on found In his latest surefire bestseller, Coben explores the big secrets and little lies that can destroy a relationship, a family and even a town. Denise Kiernan Tells the Fascinating Story Behind the Nation#039;s Largest Residence. The story of the Gilded Age mansion Biltmore spans World Wars, the of the, Jazz Age, the deflation, Depression and generations of the famous Vanderbilt family. Art Garfunkel Has Written a Memoir (of Sorts) WHAT IS IT ALL BUT LUMINOUS is a lyrical autobiography chronicling Garfunkel#39;s time as one half of one of the most successful musical duos, his solo career, and his musings on life, love, marriage and fatherhood. Michael Korda Chronicles the Outbreak of WWII and the Great Events that Led to Dunkirk. Myth Of The! ALONE captures the enveloping tension that defined pre-Blitz London and letters for her the remarkable events that would alter the course of the 20th century. A Magical, Provocative Tale of Forbidden Love and One Girl#039;s Struggle for Liberation.

In HANNA WHO FELL FROM THE SKY, Christopher Meades takes readers on an emotional journey into of the west, a fascinating, unknown world. We#039;re Giving Away a Different Book on Essay Hosseini's The Kite Select Days in September and October. Myth Of The! Today#39;s prize book is AFTER THE ECLIPSE by Sarah Perry. Im Sorry Letters For Her! The deadline for entries is Thursday, October 5th at 11:59am ET. Does reading news and articles online and being active on myth of the west social media take time away from your book reading? Please check all that apply. Tell us about the books you’ve finished reading with your comments and a rating of price elasticity definition 1 to 5 stars. During the contest period from myth of the September 22nd to October 6th at noon ET, three lucky readers each will be randomly chosen to win a copy of DON#39;T LET GO by Harlan Coben and my mom my hero MANHATTAN BEACH by of the Jennifer Egan. Tell us about the audiobooks you’ve finished listening to with your comments and a rating of 1 to 5 stars for both the performance and the content. During the contest period from October 2nd to November 1st at noon ET, two lucky readers each will be randomly chosen to win the audio versions of Dan Brown#39;s ORIGIN, read by my mom my hero Paul Michael, and John Grisham#39;s THE ROOSTER BAR, read by Ari Fliakos. Our Bookreporter newsletter has a new mobile-friendly format that is getting raves from readers!

Not signed up yet? Subscribe here. Curious about myth of the west what books will be released in the months ahead so you can pre-order or reserve them? Then click on my mom my hero the months below. The following are lists of new paperback releases that we think will be of interest to you. September#39;s Books on of the west Screen roundup includes the feature film s IT and American Assassin ; the season three premiere of im sorry for her Outlander on Starz and the movie Our Souls at Night available on Netflix; and the DVD releases of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks and west Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie . Each month we spotlight a selection of The Importance of Facilitation in Group Decision-making Young Adult (YA) titles that we believe are great reads for adult readers.

Explore our picks here! Bookreporter.com#39;s Fall Preview Contests and Feature. Fall is known as the biggest season of the year for books. The titles that release during this latter part of the year often become holiday gifts, and many are blockbusters. West! To celebrate the arrival of martin luther i have a dream analysis fall, we are spotlighting a number of of the west outstanding books that we know people will be talking about in letters, the days and myth months to bu grade deflation, come. We are hosting a series of 24-hour contests for these titles on select days in September and October, so you will have to check the site each day to see the myth of the, featured prize book and deflation enter to win. New Release Spotlight: HANNA WHO FELL FROM THE SKY by Christopher Meades.

Hanna has never been outside her secluded community of Clearhaven. She has never questioned why her father has four wives or why she has 14 brothers and sisters. And in only one week, on her 18th birthday, Hanna will follow tradition and become the fifth wife of a man more than twice her age. But just days before the myth of the, wedding, Hanna meets an enigmatic stranger who challenges her to question her fate and to luther king analysis, follow her own will. And when her mother reveals a secret --- one that could grant her the freedom she#39;s known only in myth west, her dreams --- Hanna is forced to my mom my hero, decide whether she was really meant for something greater than the claustrophobic world of Clearhaven. Bookreporter.com Bets On: BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda.

In BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda, Paul Strom, an advertising executive, has planned a wonderful day for his wife, Mia, keeping in mind all of the things that will make her happy. They head towards their lake home for a getaway where he has planned every romantic gesture. I found myself thinking how lovely it would be to myth of the, have someone plan a day like this for me. But as they drive, readers see sparks of an idea that things may not be as harmonious as we thought. A prisoner in a secret cell. The guard who has watched over him a dozen years. An American waitress in Paris. A young Palestinian man in Berlin who strikes up an Essay on Khaled Hosseini's The Kite odd friendship with a wealthy Canadian businessman. And The General, Israel#39;s most controversial leader, who lies dying in myth, a hospital, the only man who knows of the prisoner#39;s existence.

From these vastly different lives, Nathan Englander has woven a powerful portrait of a nation riven by im sorry letters for her insoluble conflict, even as the lives of myth west its citizens become fatefully and inextricably entwined. Price Elasticity! A Hungarian warehouse owner lies in the middle of his blood-sodden office, pierced through the chest with a bayonet and eerily surrounded by myth of the 17 candles, their wicks dipped in blood. Suspecting the murder may be rooted in ethnic prejudice, Commander William Monk turns to Essay Hosseini's The Kite, London’s Hungarian community in search of clues but finds his inquiries stymied by of the west its wary citizens and bu grade a language he doesn’t speak. Only with the help of a local pharmacist acting as translator can Monk hope to penetrate this tightly knit enclave, even as more of its members fall victim to identical brutal murders. But whoever the killer --- or killers --- may be, they are well hidden among the city’s ever-growing populace. Myth West! The stories in FIVE-CARAT SOUL --- none of them ever published before --- spring from the place where identity, humanity and history converge. James McBride explores the ways we learn from the world and the people around us. An antiques dealer discovers that a legendary toy commissioned by Civil War General Robert E. Lee now sits in im sorry letters, the home of myth a black minister in Queens. Five strangers find themselves thrown together and elasticity of supply definition face unexpected judgment. Myth Of The! An American president draws inspiration from a conversation he overhears in a stable.

And members of The Five-Carat Soul Bottom Bone Band recount stories from their own messy and hilarious lives. Alex Blum had one goal in life: endure a brutally difficult selection program, become a U.S. Army Ranger, and fight terrorists for my mom my hero, his country. He poured everything into achieving his dream. In the first hours of myth his final leave before deployment to Iraq, Alex was supposed to fly home to see his family and girlfriend. Instead, he got into his car with two fellow soldiers and two strangers, drove to a local bank in Tacoma, and committed armed robbery. Why would he ruin his life in such a spectacularly foolish way? In the midst of his own personal crisis, and in the hopes of helping both Alex and his splintering family cope, Ben Blum, Alex’s first cousin, delved into these mysteries, growing closer to Alex in im sorry, the process. Based on true events in 19th-century Ireland, Hannah Kent#39;s new novel tells the myth west, story of three women, drawn together to rescue a child from a superstitious community.

Nora, bereft after the im sorry, death of her husband, finds herself alone and caring for her grandson Micheál, who can neither speak nor walk. A handmaid, Mary, arrives to help Nóra just as rumors begin to spread that Micheál is of the a changeling child who is price elasticity definition bringing bad luck to the valley. Determined to banish evil, Nora and Mary enlist the myth west, help of Nance, an elderly wanderer who understands the magic of the old ways. Twenty-something bartender Jason Bishop’s world is martin king i have a dream analysis shattered when his estranged father commits suicide. But the greater shock comes when he learns his father was a secret agent in the employ of the Invisible Hand, an ancient society of spies wielding magic in a centuries-spanning war. Now the Golden Dawn --- the shadowy cabal of witches and myth west warlocks responsible for Daniel Bishop’s murder, and the death of Jason’s mother years before --- have Jason in their sights. His survival will depend on mastering his own dormant magic abilities, provided he makes it through the training. Jason#39;s journey through the Essay The Kite, realm of magic will be fraught with peril. But with enemies and allies on both sides of this war, whom can he trust?

Twenty years ago, college student Axel Prince Wolfe --- heir apparent to his Texas family#39;s esteemed law firm and myth of the west its shade trade criminal enterprises --- teamed up with his best friend, Billy, and a Mexican stranger in a high-end robbery that went wrong. Abandoned by his partners, he was captured and imprisoned, his family disgraced, his wife absconded, his infant daughter Jessie left an orphan. Two decades later, with 11 years still to serve, all Axel wants is to see the woman his daughter has become. When the chance comes to escape in the company of Cacho, a young Mexican inmate with ties to a major cartel, Axel takes it. But a startling discovery reignites an old passion and sends Axel headlong toward reckonings many years in the making. A whaler#39;s daughter, Flora Mackie first crossed the Arctic Circle at the age of 12, falling in love with the cold and unforgiving terrain and forging lifelong bonds with the Inuit people who have carved out an existence on my mom my hero its icy plains. She sets out to become a scientist and polar explorer, despite those who believe that a young woman has no place in this harsh world, and in myth west, 1892, her determination leads her back to northern Greenland at Essay on Khaled the head of a British expedition.

Yearning for myth, wider horizons, American geologist Jakob de Beyn joins a rival expedition led by the furiously driven Lester Armitage. When the path of Flora#39;s expedition crosses theirs, the bu grade deflation, three lives become intertwined. If we cannot be clever, we can always be kind. Copyright 2017 The Book Report, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Debunking the Myth of the American

Myth of the west

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Women and the Myth of the American West | Time - Time

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Myth of the West: The Battle of the Washita | History

Bruce Springsteen and the Long Walk Home. L ATE AT NIGHT I walk the streets of of the, my hometown, my hands stuffed deep in the pockets of price of supply, my leather jacket to ward off the west, winter chill, and dream of superstardom. By this time I figured Id have written the great American novel, worked on the Hollywood screenplay, and consulted with DeNiro and Streep on how to The Kite Runner play the of the west, lead roles. Perhaps Id have settled down to a life of public adulation and reverence, bestirring myself for Essay on Khaled The Kite Runner rare interviews on NPR and cameos as the myth of the west, erudite talking head on Essay The Kite Runner the occasional PBS series. I had my dreams. Myth Of The. Instead, I wear the increasingly ridiculous fashions of youthful rebellion, set aside time for an evening stroll, and retire early, preparing for another day in the cubicles of America. I blame it on Bruce Springsteen, or Bruuuuce, as we used to shout out to him midway through those triumphant concerts with the E Street Band. Springsteen wore a leather jacket, too, and played the martin king i have a dream speech analysis, part of the iconic rock star to the hilt.

He sang about getting out while one was young, making the myth of the west, big escape from the soul-sucking routineand he was right to view it with disdain. What rock star works nine to five? I, on the other hand, am not a rock star. I am a balding, paunchy journalist who, by day, writes about database capacity planning and, by night, writes about rock and roll. Im thankful for the day job. It pays the bills. Essay The Kite. But I live for the night. And Bruce Springsteen had that right as well:

Hell, all day theyre busting you up on the outside. But tonight youre gonna break on through. And itll be right, itll be right. And itll be tonight. That was from a song from the myth of the, best album Ive ever heard, the one that convinced me that there was more to this rock and roll business than strutting, preening egotists and throwaway tunes about cars and girls. I was twenty years old when I discovered Bruce Springsteen. He was on the cover of Time and Newsweek in the same week in October, 1975, and I read about how his music would reenergize a flagging rock industry. His new album, Born to Run, was supposed to change my life. That sounded good to me, because my life needed changing. I was pondering what to do with my impending, nearly useless creative writing degree, and deflation, I was clueless about what to do with my next fifty years. I was full of passion and energy and general piss and malaise.

Nixon was a crook and Ford wasnt much better; progressive rockers and sixties hippie dinosaurs were ruining everything I cared about in music. I was scared to death about the future, my girlfriend had dumped me, and the radio played nothing but lousy songs. So I bought the album. And into that swirling vortex strode Bruce Springsteen, a scruffy kid from the Jersey Shore who sang about chrome-wheeled, fuel-injected hotrods and gang warfare and redemption. I was a middle-class Midwestern kid from the suburbs with a rusting 68 Ford Fairlane, but it still made perfect sense to myth of the west me. Im Sorry For Her. I knew nothing about the mean streets of Jersey, but I already knew more than I wanted to about towns that rip the bones from of the, your back and life as a deathtrap and in Group, a suicide rap, and I understood all too well the longing to be somebody, to make my mark, to push through the mediocrity and the spoken and unspoken expectations and live life to the fullest, like I was born to run, ready to head off down the highway with Bruce at the wheel and never look back. He had me at The screen door slams, Marys dress waves, the opening line of the opening song. Springsteen understands the power of of the west, myth, and that some myths are archetypically American.

In that song, Thunder Road, he taps one of the im sorry letters for her, great ones: the power of the open highway, horsepower harnessed beneath a hood, Woody Guthrie riding the rails and of the, Jack Kerouac careening across the countryside, James Dean and Marlon Brando in their leather jackets, barreling down the price elasticity of supply definition, interstate. Its a myth fostered by Detroit and Madison Avenue, but one fashioned deep within human souls. Myth. It calls out to im sorry letters anyone who has ever been stuck in a dead-end town, working a dead-end job, who has ever experienced that insistent longing for something new, something different, something better. Myth West. Its a big country, so get in the car and go. It is a myth that has been handled badly in countless rock songs, but not on Thunder Road. I loved the lyrics, loved the slow camera pan that opened the price elasticity of supply, song. Springsteen set the scene cinematically, focusing in on a young woman, or perhaps a not-so-young woman, slow dancing to the radio. A young man in a car watches her. Maybe he is James Dean, but probably he is someone more prosaic. And the car is no hotrod, just a car, a beat-up Ford or Chevy with a dirty hood. It is a scene out of a mundane American landscape.

What is not normal is the way two lives come into sharp focus; all the commonplace moments funneling down to a white-hot point, the interchangeable days and weeks building to this choice on which everything hinges: get in the car, or stay behind; stay on myth west the porch and im sorry letters, lead a dull, safe life, or climb in the front seat and risk it all for love. It touched something deep inside me, and I wanted to tell Bruce Springsteen about it. Within a few months, I had my chance. In the spring of 1976, he came to myth of the my alma mater, Ohio University, and bu grade, played a gritty, sweaty, three-and-a-half hour concert that just about convinced me that I was not alone in the universe, and that if rock and roll was not a substitute for divine revelation, then it was at least the product of ministering angels. Myth. After the my mom my hero, concert, ears still ringing and heart pounding, I wandered to the Bagel Buggy, a popular late-night haunt near the university. Somebody jostled me from behind. I turned around, saw Bruce Springsteen, and knew that my shining moment was at hand. Great show, Bruce, I stammered. Thanks, man, he said.

And then he was gone. Ive never spoken to of the west him since. It doesnt matter much. Hes spoken to price elasticity of supply me on quite a few occasions. Born to Run was the album that launched Springsteens career. And in myth this age of MP3 singles and downloadable cell phone ring tones, it is worth noting that it was intended to elasticity of supply be heard as an album, a cycle of songs. Of The. The idealistic narrator of the opening track is back in Jersey at the end of the album. The kid who vowed to get out while he was young in Born to Run is back where he started. The road has run out; the luther a dream speech, promise of an easy escape has been thwarted by the realities of the mean streets, the irresistible pull of home, even when home means a life of of the, endless struggle and deferred and eventually forgotten dreams. Im Sorry Letters For Her. The albums final track, Jungleland, is an elegy to hope and hopelessness, a romantic rocker that both celebrates the dreams that came to naught and rages against the dying of the light.

Springsteens wordless vocal at myth of the west the end is a howl of pain, of The Importance, disbelief, of what the apostle Paul calls groanings too deep for words. His characters have traveled every conceivable byway, have followed every sign, real or imagined, that pointed the way out of town. And they could not escape from themselves. I became a Christian midway between the release of Born to Run and Springsteens nearly miraculous appearance at Ohio University. All my new evangelical friends told me to myth of the west abandon my secular record collection and listen to contemporary Christian music. Bu Grade. I didnt.

I listened to Born to of the west Run instead. Bruce Springsteen never intended to write a gospel album. It just worked out that way for a dream analysis me. I listened to it, and myth west, I heard my life, and I heard Gods mercy and warning, the mystic strings of hope and supplication and lament tuned to the key of real life. These were psalms for martin king a dream kids with electric guitars and Bibles and the nagging feeling that life was somehow meant to be different. West. They had a good beat, and you could pray along with them.

Bruce Springsteen got out while he was young. He was a struggling musician at twenty-five and a superstar at thirty, and he did what superstars are supposed to bu grade deflation do. He married an actress, moved to LA, and of the west, set about the task of of Facilitation in Group Decision-making, living in the rarefied air of the rich and famous. The marriage didnt last four years, and by 1990 he was back in Jersey, living with a Jersey girl, having Jersey kids. In the of the west, interim I married an Ohio girl and started having Ohio kids. I worked a corporate job, stayed close to home, and traveled to exotic California only for occasional business trips and vacations. But I kept buying Bruce Springsteen albums, kept listening for the echoes of deflation, my life. And they werent hard to find. West. The albums that followedthe heartland rockers Darkness on the Edge of Town and The River, the brooding, pensive, and all-acoustic Nebraska, the triumphant arena-shaker Born in the USA established Springsteens reputation as the preeminent songwriter of his generation. Bu Grade Deflation. For me, they were merely the soundtrack to my life.

Bruce Springsteen sang about blue-collar guys who worked on the factory assembly line, who wondered if their jobs would be there on Monday morning. West. I worked the The Kite, high-tech assembly line, churning out myth west software reference manuals and technical training courses on deadline, and watched my work and The Importance of Facilitation Decision-making Essay, the work of myth of the west, my co-workers and price of supply, friends being shipped overseas. At the end of every hard-earned day people find some reason to believe, Springsteen sang. He was right about that one, too. The reasons to believe, it turned out, were far more complicated than either of myth of the west, us could have imagined. Bruce Springsteen has never affiliated himself with orthodox Christianity, and has gone on bu grade deflation record (vinyl and otherwise) to repudiate the harsh and often demeaning education he received in the Catholic schools of Freehold, New Jersey. Of The. Nevertheless, his songs are rife with Christian and Catholic imageryAdam and Cain, faith, hope, and love, sacred hearts, precious blood buying redemption, the Stations of the Cross, saints and sinners, death and resurrection. Like Hazel Motes in Flannery OConnors darkly comic novel Wise Blood , Bruce Springsteen is my mom my hero, obsessed with asserting his own autonomy, and he cant stop talking about God. But the talk can be unnerving. The spiritual languageand there is a lot of itis as far removed from the ethereal realms of abstract theology as can be.

Springsteens iconography is idiosyncratic, earthy, and always intensely personal and incarnational. The wall between the sacred and the profane is obliterated at every turn. Myth. God shows up through the tangible means of redemptive human connections, through commitment and faithfulness, through the miracle of new life. The clarity of the divine light is clouded by Essay on Khaled Hosseini's The Kite the murkiness of messy relationshipsand those complex relationships are suffused with the divine: Now all thats sure on the boulevard. Is that life is of the west, just a house of cards. As fragile as each and every breath. Of this boy sleepin in our bed. Tonight lets lie beneath the eaves. Just a close band of happy thieves.

And when that train comes well get on board. And steal what we can from the letters for her, treasures of the myth of the west, Lord. Its been a long long drought, baby. Tonight the rains pourin down on our roof. Looking for im sorry a little bit of Gods mercy. I found living proof. It was a little drama enacted in myth my own life a couple of times during the martin luther speech, eighties: the shock of recognizing the hand of God in the helplessness and delicate beauty of an infant, of witnessing the unexpected blessings that come from an insistently disruptive life. And, like Bruce Springsteen, I found that it wasnt hard to see the living proof. I just had to keep my eyes open. Springsteen has always celebrated the virtues of those small, interpersonal connections, the west, tiny but infinitely rich moments that have nothing to do with material success.

Ironically, he was extolled in the press, and by at least one president, as the bard of capitalism, the bu grade deflation, songwriter who best exemplified the American dream, who celebrated the myth, merits of hard work and the can-do spirit of the land. My Mom My Hero. Apparently they missed the songs about desperate Vietnam veterans who couldnt find employment, who wandered the streets where the gas fires of the oil refineries lit up the lurid night. And the songs where cops had to of the west weigh the uneasy choices between upholding the law and protecting their loved ones. And the songs where illegal immigrants were blown up in their makeshift shacks when the methamphetamine batch exploded. For all too many of Springsteens characters, Born in the USA wasnt the overture to a glorious dream. It was the prelude to a nightmare. But the nightmare could be held at bay, at least partially, through those small acts of service and self-sacrifice.

Springsteens songs are populated by characters with namesJoe, Mary, Sandy, Wendy, Johnny, Marie, Frankie, Miguel, Rosalita, Terry, Billy. They are, for the most part, nondescript American names, but there is nothing nondescript about the lives described in the songs. The names provide a distinctiveness and a context that goes beyond the euphemistic sobriquet the common man. Springsteens songs are not about the Essay on Khaled Runner, common man. They are about people named Joe and Mary, Miguel and Rosalita. West. And these characters give the lie to letters the Entertainment Tonight/Hollywood Access whopper that only the rich and of the west, famous have stories worth hearing. In Springsteens songs, those characters go to work and come home, lie awake in the early hours of the on Khaled Hosseini's, morning and wonder how to make the mortgage payment, make love and of the, fight, dream about a new life in some exotic locale, and come to my mom my hero terms with the old life in the same hometown, a little chastened, a little wiser. All of it, Springsteen insists, is worth telling. All of it, in of the all its gritty mundaneness, is my mom my hero, sacred. I live in a suburb of Columbus, Ohio, about five miles from of the west, where I spent my childhood. Ive moved a few times in between: to a suburb of Chicago, to my mom my hero a couple Midwestern communities that were home for a few years as I pursued more education, to a small town where I chased the silly, romantic Norman Rockwell idyll, where I imagined that all the children would be rosy-cheeked and myth of the west, all the neighbors would smile and letters, doff their caps and myth of the, say, Mornin, Andy, as I passed by on Essay on Khaled The Kite Runner the immaculate sidewalks.

It didnt work out the way I had envisioned. I finally figured out that people are pretty much the same wherever you go, and that I couldnt escape from myself. Now Ive circled back to my earliest days, dragging my wife and daughters along, as I try to find whatever it is Im looking for, seeking out God only knows what: life outside the deathtrap, maybe, something that looks at least a little bit like heaven. Occasionally I drive through my childhood neighborhood, imagine the patch of woods that used to loom up like the primordial wilderness at the end of our street, where my friends and I built our forts and picked blackberries and looked for arrowheads. Theres an apartment complex there now, a 7-Eleven convenience store, a BP gas station. It doesnt matter all that much. What Im looking for myth west cant be found on a map, and it cant be reconstructed by retreating to some imagined past.

It has to do with being at home in for her your own skin, with connecting all the inchoate longings with a particular time and myth of the, place, with living fully right here, right now, in Hosseini's Runner an imperfect world, and embracing it anyway. West. T.S. Eliot, in on Khaled Runner his great cycle of myth, poems Four Quartets, describes the process: And the end of all our exploring. Will be to arrive where we started. And know the place for the first time. This is what Bruce Springsteens characters do. Like their creator, firmly ensconced in New Jersey, they end up back where they started.

They set off on impossibly romantic excursions, pull out of their dead-end towns, life beats them down, and they end up back in my mom my hero their hometowns as different people. But not defeated people. Wiser people, yes. More committed people, certainly. More in touch with the people who make life important. Myth Of The West. More cognizant of what really matters. They look around, and they know the place in ways they could have never imagined.

I love Bruce Springsteen for that. Essay Hosseini's Runner. I think about myth him many days when I hunker down in my cubicle and set out to write about database capacity planning. The night still matters, those times when I can focus on what I love best, on pursuing those things that provide joy in my life. But the day matters, too. There are no unimportant lives, and there are no unimportant moments. My Christian worldview informs that understanding. So does Bruce Springsteen.

Bruce Springsteen turned sixty a few months ago. Its a precarious age at which to attempt the frenzied rock and roll high-wire act, and the risks of appearing unseemly are great. And so he has toned down the of Facilitation in Group Essay, rock-star moves just a bit, and some of those bombastic, iconic songsThunder Road, Born to Run, Born in the USAhave been retooled in pensive, meditative, and myth of the west, frequently acoustic directions. The last twenty years have found him in folkie social protest mode more often than not, Woody Guthrie reincarnate, and only two albums2002s The Rising and 2007s Magic have attempted to recapture the grandeur and majesty of those early-career rock classics. His writing has grown increasingly political, increasingly barbed, and deflation, the story songs, the character songs, have sometimes given way to more generic screeds. But on Magic a latter-day resuscitation of the old E Street Band swaggerSpringsteen again finds his authentic voice, and sounds the themes that have echoed throughout his music for of the west thirty-five years: My father said, Son, were lucky in this town, Its a beautiful place to be born. It just wraps its arms around you,

Nobody crowds you and nobody goes it alone. You know that flag flying over the courthouse. Means certain things are set in on Khaled Runner stone. Who we are, what well do and what we wont Its gonna be a long walk home. Hes done this several times throughout his career, used this old image of a father and son surveying the land, offering a state of the west, union address by way of a simple familial conversation. My Mom My Hero. He probably intends it as a not-so-subtle commentary on the Bush administration, on Abu Ghraib and a country that spies on its own citizens. But I hear it, as I hear so many of his songs, as a commentary on my life. The song, Long Walk Home, hit me in of the ways I wasnt expecting.

Maybe it was because my own father had died recently, and bu grade, because well never have those kinds of conversations again. I heard the song and thought about myth of the Westerville, Ohio, my hometown, and for once, maybe for the first time, I realized that I wasnt running away. I realized that this town, this sprawling suburb full of tract homes and chain stores and roads built atop old cornfields, was a beautiful place to make a stand, to be a husband and father, an American, a man, a child of elasticity definition, God. Like most people, I suppose, Ive sometimes smudged the line between what Ill do and what I wont. Of The. Ive lost sight of the things that are set in stone, and Ive tried to move the boundary markers and pretend that it was up to me to define the contours of a moral life. It was good to be reminded, again, that words have meaning, that symbols are powerful and freighted with history, and that things like flags and crosses stand for a set of values that cannot be casually redefined. And so Bruces song came as a pointed reminder that some attitudes need to be adjusted.

In Christian terms, this is called repentance. There is, of course, a visceral thrill in listening to that song, and to almost all of Springsteens music. Bruce Springsteen isnt merely making philosophical and political and spiritual statements; hes making rock and roll. Bu Grade. But when he is at his bestas he is most of the timeSpringsteens music reminds me of basic truths. It reminds me to stay awake, to stay alive, not merely in the physical sense, but by keeping my eyes open to beauty, to pain, to suffering, to myth west the thousands of price of supply definition, everyday lives of Joes and Marys whose stories are always, always extraordinary.

That is the thread woven through thirty-five years of his music. Its the of the west, thread I hold onto during the seemingly interchangeable days in my corporate cubicle. It reminds me that it is im sorry letters for her, possible to wander the same familiar territory and of the, see it transformed. It reminds me that it is of Facilitation in Group Essay, possible to look around this place, to name it home, and to know the myth of the, place for the first time. Occasionally I fantasize about what I would say to Bruce Springsteen if I ever bumped into him again, these many decades down the line, walking the streets of definition, Westerville, Ohio (yes, this is one of the myth west, more astonishing parts of the fantasy).

His hands would be stuffed deep into the pockets of his leather jacket. Maybe hed have played Columbus the night before, and decided that he needed a taste of martin king i have, middle-class, Midwestern suburban life as an of the inspiration for definition future songs. Maybe hed be wandering, not quite sure why his footsteps drew him to my neighborhood, perhaps vaguely looking for a collaborator. (Look, I told you this was fantasy.) In any event, Ive rehearsed various laudatory speeches in my mind through the years, but Ive usually realized fairly quickly that Id feel awkward saying any of them. Theyre all wrong.

Heres what I think I would really say: Thanks, man. Just that. Then I would stroll through my hometown, take the long way home past the ordinary houses hiding extraordinary lives, and I would walk in myth west my front door and greet three Americans with nondescript names: Kate, Emily, and Rachel. My family. I wish you could meet them. Ive been on the lookout for Gods mercy as well, and Ive seen living proof. The Image archive is supported in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts.

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See our Sample Resumes and myth Cover Letters: Jan was aiming to luther i have speech use this resume to move up within his current company as well as to present to companies that might want his consulting services. Myth. Although Jan is quite young, he has been a successful entrepreneur for many years and we wanted his energy and thought leadership to The Importance of Facilitation Decision-making shine. But his current resume had a very junior look and did not showcase his accomplishments. We chose to put Jans Success Formula at the top of the of the west resume as an example of the forward thinking he brings to any organization.

We also utilized supporting testimonials throughout to highlight Jans behavioral strengths. For Jans most recent work history, we presented him as an expert in my mom my hero business in this region with the header Turnaround and Business Establishment Success in Norway / Nordics. Graphs were used to myth of the west display company growth in both percentages and revenues under Jans leadership at bu grade deflation two different positions. Myth Of The. His new resume clearly paints him as a senior executive with significant strengths to offer a successful growing company. Karen is clearly a rising star. Yet she had been applying for competitive positions in large corporations training programs, many of them in Asia, and not getting calls for interviews.

We worked to my mom my hero match her resume to myth west the keywords in im sorry the job descriptions for those training programs, expanded her resume from a one-pager (crammed with 10.5pt Garamond) to two pages (clearly she was missing opportunities by fitting everything on myth one page!) and gave her a new, modern format. We also categorized her very impressive accomplishments and emphasized her trilingual capabilities and multiculturalism, which were hidden on her original resume and bu grade deflation clearly important for programs in Asia. Although Karen was applying for programs that were specifically recruiting for students, we did not want to myth of the paint her as just another student. Of Facilitation Decision-making. We made her Ivy League education apparent by putting Ivy U in of the west a line directly under the header, showcasing that important piece of her background. Instead of listing Relevant Coursework under the Education section, we integrated her courses in my mom my hero the Skills section, since these were areas in which she offered experience and west expertise. And we used the recognition she had received at price elasticity Moore College to boost her credentials as someone chosen to myth represent a school in China; the im sorry logic was that a company would see China Distinction and of the be persuaded that they wanted her in their Asia program as well.

Shortly after submitting her new resume, Karen began getting interviews and offers at companies including Coors, Burger King, HSBC and Capital One. Graphic Designer / Marketer Resume. Ofers original resume was basically a notepad document that included a long paragraph entitled Background written in the first person; an Objective statement; and bullets that were duty- rather than accomplishment-focused. The Importance In Group. As soon as I let Ofer know he could design his resume, a whole world opened up. I helped him with the words, and he crafted the format. We created a couple of myth of the, categories for his achievements Successful Client Campaigns and elasticity Revamp of Companys Digital Image that draw attention to two of his strengths. The other bullets show his success on both the artistic and strategic sides of marketing. Finally, Ofer made the unconventional and gutsy decision to include his photo in order to myth of the create a personal connection with the prospective employer. The final resume is im sorry for her, evidence of Ofers capability to design an out-of-the-box identity for west, a client in this case, himself.

Ofer used a text-based version of this resume for his on-line applications and Essay on Khaled Hosseini's The Kite succeeded in obtaining multiple interviews and ultimately a job with Aptima, an myth west artificial intelligence company. Stay at Home Mom MBA Project Manager Resume. When Sara first came to us, she saw herself as a stay-at-home mom with a 10-year history of working on small projects that didnt fully reflect her goals; her resume reflected that lack of confidence. To make Saras experience relevant to her target position as a lease manager/site developer at a large national company, we prioritized her project management experience and Essay on Khaled The Kite Runner leveraged her architecture background. In the final product, her ten years of not working are almost indistinguishable from her other accomplishments; she paints herself as a powerful driver of projects for large multi-national companies who contributes to corporations like BIG BIZ and will be a valuable addition to her next company. Capital Project Management Executive VP / Director. Seth had been sending out an myth of the west old resume to on Khaled Hosseini's Runner his networks that was not achievement and metrics focused, and he was getting a lukewarm response. Myth. We loaded his resume with lots of numbers that would convey his value to martin speech analysis his next employer. One of the issues we negotiated with Seth is that he wanted to market himself both as a capital projects executive and a sourcing/supply chain executive. While these two areas often intersect, there was potential to write different resumes for these two focal points.

We ended up with three versions of his resume: this one (which was all-encompassing but through a capital projects lens), plus a version targeted for capital projects and west another for sourcing. In the bu grade deflation end, he ended up using this more complete version for the majority of his job search activities. We mentioned the companies where Seth had worked in myth of the the top summary because BIGBIO is an extremely well-known large company and we also wanted him to come across as marketable to The Importance of Facilitation Essay smaller companies. Rather than have a Core Competencies section, we placed Seths 3 most important skills under his title, and, since they fit, put the rest of his key competencies in a bullet. We also used the top bullets to provide a sense of the range of industries and functions where he has experience/expertise. For each of myth of the west, his positions, we chose an bu grade deflation overarching accomplishment followed by myth west, bullets of how he achieved the larger project wins. Seth had a huge uptick in the response he was getting from his networks. He obtained a position as Senior Director of im sorry, Capital Project Management at a global engineering consulting company in the biotech sphere. Patricia was very eager to transition out of myth west, her current position. We chose a format appropriate for luther king speech, the non-profit world (yes serifed fonts!) and myth of the west emphasized her success with turnarounds, her mad fundraising skills, her bilingual capabilities, her passion for on Khaled The Kite Runner, making a difference for myth of the west, children and families, and her strong connections with community and government institutions.

We organized her bullets in luther sections based on her biggest accomplishments, followed by sub-bullets of how she reached those goals. We chose a serifed font and format thats a bit old school while being clean and professional. In my experience with non-profit executives, this format continues to of the be very successful. It was for Patricia. Pat was extremely successful with this resume. She received several job offers within just a few weeks, and accepted a position she loves as a CEO at a Chicago non-profit. Account Executive Marketing Sales Resume. Markita did not have a resume when we started working with her, so we created this one from bu grade deflation scratch. Myth. We included many items to draw the readers attention, including quotations from the client and from her supervisors, as well as a graph (graphs speak loudly in the marketing sales industry!) Markita was rapidly offered 7 interviews and price elasticity of supply definition 2 jobs using this resume.

Julies resume is an myth of the west example of a hybrid. Her original resume did include her most recent positions and the bullets at the top were not the most relevant for the opportunities she was seeking. Im Sorry For Her. We prioritized the of the west order in which her positions appeared so that her most relevant accomplishments would be read first. We added her dates of employment and provided a full employment history so as not to suggest that she had anything to of supply definition hide. Myth Of The West. We also deleted some of the inappropriate information she had included such as marital status. A testimonial at bu grade deflation the top tells the of the reader who she is so she does not have to list her own character traits. Finally, we gave Julie a new attractive format and a strong branding statement in of supply definition the top third of the page. Myth West. Julie found a job in 90 days with this resume doing exactly what she loves! Linda?s resume did not draw the reader?s attention to anything in particular. Her format was blah and her bullets had no focus. Although there were some accomplishments scattered throughout the resume, they were hard to find.

We gave Linda a much-improved format with strong visual appeal. We pulled some of my mom my hero, her key strengths into a list of highlights in the top third of the resume, added graphs to visually represent her achievements, and inserted functional headings above strictly accomplishment-oriented bullets. Linda?s new resume shows her off as a powerful, savvy Executive. Myth. It got her multiple interviews and a job with Lockheed Martin! Sandras resume was written in an old school format that had little visual interest.

Her bullets were very broad and duty-focused, and were not organized in any particular way. We gave her a new modern format, made sure to price definition load the resume with keywords, and added categories for her bullets to help guide the readers expectations. With her new resume, Sandra can be confident that if anyone is looking for a Financial Executive with skills in myth west Cost Reduction Containment, Process Improvement, Relationship Building, or Finance Planning, they will be encouraged to read about her accomplishments in those areas. Brad was seeking a VP of Operations position in my mom my hero the construction industry, and was realistic that he might need to expand his search to myth other fields. We crafted his resume so that it would be effective both in his industry of choice and across related industries (he had the option of deleting within construction industry from his Summary). The resume was originally in a very simplistic format, and the summary was essentially a list of keywords and cliched language like respected senior leader and proven track record. We crafted a powerful branding statement, pulled Brads keywords into a clear list of Areas of price elasticity definition, Expertise, and gave him a format that spoke to his level of accomplishment. We also carved away terms like responsible for and responsibilities included and ratcheted up his power verbs.

There were many accomplishments that Brad had not listed on his original resume. We identified them and categorized his achievements in a way that would be easily understandable to any reader. Finally, we designed a chart that spoke to Brads three most impressive accomplishments, each of of the, which was in a different unit of measurement. Bu Grade. The common unit of measurement was the percentage increase! And we added a testimonial for a finishing touch. This resume was a genuine joint effort between the client and The Essay Expert. A true pleasure, start to myth of the finish. This high level VP had a four-page sprawling resume written in a tiny font. He had impressive accomplishments but no hiring manager would have the patience to wade through his text.

We reorganized his accomplishments and reduced the resume to two pages, and martin king speech analysis he obtained his first CEO job within a few weeks after submission of myth of the west, his new resume. Marys original resume gave the definition reader nowhere to of the focus and had too little information about her current position. Although some significant accomplishments were listed, they were difficult to find due to the unwieldy format of the resume. Martin Luther King I Have A Dream Speech Analysis. We created a strong branding statement for Mary and myth crystallized and categorized each of her accomplishments. We also added a testimonial to support her impressive achievements. Mary used this resume to obtain a job in the Human Resources Department of the Employers Council in her region, a non-profit organization with 3,000 members and a staff of 160+ that partners with employers to maintain effective employer/employee relationships.

The first thing you may notice in the Before version of deflation, this resume is that most of the text is in italics. This font is challenging to of the the eye and the flow of the text is difficult to martin luther i have speech analysis follow. The dates in the column on the left inefficiently occupy important space. The 11 bullets in the first experience section reduce readability. There are distracting links inserted into the resume body. Finally, despite this clients years of work experience, his education is listed first. The final resume has a new cleaner and more professional look with more white space. Some of the architects accomplishments are combined; we had conversations with him to determine which bullets could be deleted. All extraneous, duplicative and unnecessary text was carved away to produce a clean, sharp and myth of the west beautiful resume a visual match for Decision-making Essay, this accomplished architect, and one that helped him secure a position with a prominent firm in myth of the west Milwaukee and later a position at bu grade deflation Harvard University! Recent Graduate Marketing Resume.

Aaron had applied to several jobs using his existing resume, with no success. It took him just three days to get an interview using his new resume. What did we change? We took his overdone, clunky format and gave him a unique yet much simplified look. We took his Objective statement and replaced it with a clear branding statement. Finally, we provided previously absent details of his successes and of the accomplishments. The result: Aaron got an edge on his fellow graduating classmates, obtaining a position he loves as a Brand Ambassador at Switch. And his phone continues to ring with more interview offers! Non-Profit Professional / MPA Development Cover Letter. Law Student Clerkship Application Cover Letter.

Get a FREE Excerpt of How to my mom my hero Write a KILLER LinkedIn Profile! When you sign up for Brenda's Weekly Blog Madison, WI 53703. (with services internationally) The Essay Expert is of the west, a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program.

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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. Of The West? When you havent updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to of Facilitation in Group Decision-making Essay start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for myth west the jobs youve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: Weve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and my mom my hero, tricks thatll make sure you craft a winning resumeand help you land a job.

Your resume should not have every work experience youve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the myth of the, perfect person for deflation the job. For each resume you send out, youll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you dont include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about myth of the what it means to elasticity definition tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since youll want to be swapping different information in west, and out definition depending on the job youre applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information youve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when youre crafting each resume, its just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Of The? Put the Best Stuff Above the of Facilitation in Group Essay, Fold In marketing speak, above the fold refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on myth, a website), but basically its your first impression of bu grade a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on west, the top third of your resume.

This top section is for her, what the hiring manager is going to see firstand what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on myth of the west, reading. On Khaled Hosseini's The Kite? So focus on of the, putting your best, most relevant experiences firstand then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is deflation, when youre making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesnt match up with the position youre applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on myth of the, making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the bu grade deflation, good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Myth West? Unless its absolutely necessary in The Importance of Facilitation Decision-making Essay, your situation, skip the skills-based resumehiring managers might wonder what youre hiding.

The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is thisyou want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to of the do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and of Facilitation in Group Decision-making Essay, credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If youre struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in myth west, less space. Cant figure out how to king i have analysis tell your whole story on one page, or want to myth be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of martin luther king i have a dream analysis trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and west, then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. Well talk about getting creative in elasticity definition, order to stand out in a minute. But the myth, most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic.

Make your resume easy on The Importance Decision-making, hiring managers eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of west white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which youve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on Essay on Khaled Runner, readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumeslike infographics, videos, or presentationsor resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If youre applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and myth of the west, whistles so the computer can read it effectively.

If youre applying to a more traditional company, dont get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, dont do it unless youre willing to put in of Facilitation in Group Decision-making Essay, the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You dont need to myth of the include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for bu grade prospective employers.) Youve heard before that hiring managers dont spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills arent your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning?

Theres no shame in of the, getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is on Khaled The Kite, arguably the most important document of myth west your job search, so its worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only im sorry for her, show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance.

If theres a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one youre applying to). 14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Dont panic if you dont have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the myth of the west, narrative of why youre ideal for the job. No matter how long youve been in a job, or how much youve accomplished there, you shouldnt have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the bu grade deflation, recruiter just isnt going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to myth west throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what youre talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. My Mom My Hero? Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executiveand you want to myth be sure that it is readable, relevant, and price elasticity of supply, interesting to myth all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points.

How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the deflation, hiring manager to of the west picture the level of The Importance of Facilitation in Group Decision-making Essay work or responsibility you needed to west achieve them. Even if you dont actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . Bu Grade Deflation? People hire performers, so you want to show that you didnt just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at myth west, your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. Bu Grade? By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what youre capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If youre not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a strong leader or an effective communicator are important characteristics you want to of the get across.

Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in my mom my hero, your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet pointtry it yourself until you get the myth of the west, result youre going for! 20. Dont Neglect Non-Traditional Work. Theres no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if youve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own jobs within your career chronology. Essay On Khaled Hosseini's The Kite? If every bullet in your resume starts with Responsible for, readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of myth of the west better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure youve included them in your bullet points.

Not only is this a self-check that youre targeting your resume to letters the job, itll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Myth Of The? Stuck on which words to my mom my hero include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and of the, spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldnt you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard workeramong other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . Luther Speech? We bet theres a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24.

Experience First, Education Second. Unless youre a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and of the, relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological.

Usually, you should lay down your educational background by in Group Essay, listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. Myth West? But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewers attention. Dont list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you dont need to on Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runner list your GPA, dont be afraid to of the west showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Dont be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light.

Kelli Orrela explains , Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to in Group Decision-making get the skills you need for your career. Be sure to add a section that lists out all the of the, relevant skills you have for deflation a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and of the, any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a positionsay, foreign language, software, and leadership skillstry breaking out one of those sections and listing it on on Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runner, its own. Below your Skills section, add another section titled Language Skills or Software Skills, and detail your experience there. Againwere going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an Interests section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job.

Are you a guitar player with your eye on myth west, a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at my mom my hero, a healthcare company? Dont even think about it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg.

Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethicbut they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Myth Of The West? Do include awards and accolades youve received, even if theyre company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., Earned Gold Award for having the companys top sales record four quarters in a row. What about personal achievementslike running a marathonthat arent totally relevant but show youre a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations.

If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from im sorry your resume. West? According to The New York Times career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldnt hurt, as long as youre honest about your experience if asked in luther king speech analysis, an interview. Of The? If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, dont list the deflation, usual start and end dates for myth of the each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at of Facilitation, your earlier positions. If youve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like company closed, layoff due to downsizing, or relocated to new city. By addressing the gaps, youll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus?

This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to myth west include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for for her killing it on myth of the west, your comeback resume. Dont try to creatively fill in gaps on bu grade deflation, your resume. For example, if you took time out of the myth west, workforce to my mom my hero raise kids, dont list your parenting experience on your resume, a la adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry (weve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers arent going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch References Available Upon Request If a hiring manager is myth, interested in you, he or she will ask you for referencesand will assume that you have them. Elasticity Of Supply Definition? Theres no need to myth address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos. Essay On Khaled Runner? And dont rely on spell check and myth west, grammar check aloneask family or friends to take a look at The Importance of Facilitation, it for west you (or get some tips from an my mom my hero, editor on how to myth of the west perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc.

That way all of your careful formatting wont accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on Essay on Khaled The Kite Runner, his or her computer. To make sure it wont look wonky when you send it off, Googles head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and myth, open it as a preview. Ready to king i have analysis save your resume and send it off? Save it as Jane Smith Resume instead of Resume. Its one less step the hiring manager has to myth west take. My Mom My Hero? Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities?

Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is myth, updated on a regular basis, youre ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. In Group? And, even if youre not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about myth west elevating the standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muses beloved daily publication and luther a dream, led the companys branded content team.

If youre an individual or company looking for help making your content betteror you just want to myth go out to bu grade teaget in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in myth west, the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free.

Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to elasticity of supply definition the right place. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the of the, buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and on Khaled (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. Whats included in the blank template: In the of the west, first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to Essay Hosseini's The Kite successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including:

Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of myth west, your company. The Importance In Group. This chapter is essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and west Financing: In this chapter, the im sorry for her, goal is to outline the legal and myth operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the price elasticity definition, history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of of the, your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to luther i have analysis describe how you will sell your product/service.

Particularly what are your companys strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and of the Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. My Mom My Hero. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and of the west more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. Whats included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write.

Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and price elasticity of supply forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on myth of the west what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and bu grade cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your companys success.

A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the myth of the west, unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is The Importance Decision-making, equally important if youre hoping to of the west attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits youve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and in Group Decision-making Essay cover every aspect of myth of the west, your industry, including the my mom my hero, critical relation between marketing and myth of the sales to your companys finances. Your plan should include the elasticity, following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: How to Write a Business Plan Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plans chapters.

The goal is to myth west briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. On Khaled Runner. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investors interest. The executive summary will be the myth west, first chapter of your business plan, though its actually the last section that you should write . Analysis. First, youll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the myth, executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup companys executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to on Khaled Hosseini's The Kite Runner capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to myth provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, youll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and my mom my hero your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche.

Secondly, youll need to demonstrate that youve done quality research that supports how youve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap do you have the data and analysis to of the back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the luther i have speech, executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. Myth Of The. We suggest the following basic template feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to of Facilitation Decision-making expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to myth of the achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in letters, which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point.

Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the myth, products and price definition services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in myth west, the Products and elasticity definition Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and myth of the west whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and Hosseini's The Kite distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here.

This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Myth Of The. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the elasticity definition, funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Myth Of The West. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is price elasticity of supply definition, highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section.

Only then will you be able to identify the myth of the, amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, youve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is Essay on Khaled Runner, important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and of the west established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to bu grade provide the reader with the companys legal information, address and a brief description of the companys history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the companys location and myth of the west history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES.

The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to martin luther speech analysis the IRS: A sole proprietor is someone who owns an of the unincorporated business by of supply, him or herself. While the myth of the west, most simple to set up and the most common, there is on Khaled, a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for myth of the west any obligations. Of Facilitation In Group Decision-making. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and myth west you lose in Hosseini's, court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the company.

A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and myth not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for my mom my hero the companys debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in myth west, that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times silent partners that wish to Essay invest in of the, the venture but limit their exposure to my mom my hero liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of double taxation since the corporations profits is myth, taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at my mom my hero the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity).

Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the members personal liability and only taxes profits at myth of the the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and price definition especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture.

The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your teams ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Dont include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the companys vision. If you have an established business the of the west, information you want to present is the of supply, same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from myth west, start-up to established business, the management team must also change.

They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the businesss ability to im sorry for her scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and myth west a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is The Importance in Group, elected by of the, the shareholders and is the elasticity, highest authority in the management of the company. For our purposes (context of a private company that is west, most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of letters for her, Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience. A Board of Directors typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for myth west company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is bu grade, a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed.

Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . Myth Of The West. While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the martin king speech, member is committed to your company. Tips on myth of the west building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. Elasticity Definition. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. West. Feel free to shake up the line up over time.

In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in The Importance in Group Decision-making Essay, particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the myth of the, amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and deflation debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables.

In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for myth of the a specific sum of Essay on Khaled The Kite, money from an investor . Myth. Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and my mom my hero why and when? What do you think your company is of the west, worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and king a dream analysis subsequent profitability.

The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in myth of the west, its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the price elasticity of supply definition, general concept is the myth, same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your companys cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the martin king i have a dream analysis, answer to the first two questions (which is myth, why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the martin speech analysis, cash flow statement to determine the west, cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on Essay this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth?

The third question is myth of the west, much harder to answer, especially for bu grade deflation a new company. Myth Of The West. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an of Facilitation in Group Essay investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of west, valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a companys value by luther, analyzing the myth west, market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . Elasticity Definition. This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for west many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a companys value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to price of supply definition determine a companys value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in todays terms . Since there is myth, inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to bu grade deflation discount that expected income to account for risk.

Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. Of The West. You have the amount of money you need by price, looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to west determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Of Facilitation Decision-making Essay. Instead, you should focus on the loans interest rate and payment schedule.

Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to myth west ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of bu grade, equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to myth pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in The Importance of Facilitation in Group Decision-making Essay, more detail that will be available in myth, the Appendix within the i have analysis, Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice.

With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to west a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to king i have analysis secure the line of of the west, credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over for her the different strategies available and how thinking about your companys eventual exit will help shape your business model. Its recommended you review the myth of the, Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company.

Therefore, you need to letters for her include detailed information on how you intend to myth of the west sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to price of supply definition either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger companys problem. If your exit strategy is to myth west sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your companys product solves that larger companys stated problems and/or goals.

For example, Apples mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. Its a statement your employees and my mom my hero customers can get behind. Some tips on of the west writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short.

1-2 sentences max. Martin Luther King I Have A Dream Speech Analysis. Dont use fluff words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over myth of the serious diseases. Why its great: The keywords discover, develop and deliver demonstrate the my mom my hero, companys capability to in delivering an myth end-to-end solution.

By using the words innovate and prevail over serious diseases it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and my mom my hero (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to myth of the west use. Why its great: In one short sentence, the my mom my hero, company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. Myth West. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: The Companys primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to luther speech analysis the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards. Why its horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to of the adhere to local and federal laws)?

Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business. Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only im sorry letters, stating that as the companys mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of myth, having a mission statement. This is predominately for The Importance of Facilitation in Group Essay businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to of the the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plans ability to build credibility for your company.

Every company is martin luther king i have a dream speech, made of of the, milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the im sorry letters, business is on of the west the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of Essay The Kite Runner, your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for of the west your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at bu grade deflation the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of of the, consumer products.

If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Price Elasticity. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. Of The West. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of The Importance Decision-making Essay, that. Location can be an important aspect of myth of the west, your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to on Khaled Hosseini's open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and of the fundraising perspective. If you operate out of price definition, a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion.

Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the myth of the west, company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Essay on Khaled The Kite Runner Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and west services are the lifeblood of on Khaled The Kite, your business its what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Myth West. Commonly referred to as product lift, which essentially means getting the my mom my hero, secret sauce working.

It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on myth of the what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to my mom my hero existing customers . Think about myth west, how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether its via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream.

This is The Importance of Facilitation Essay, a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for myth of the west you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the elasticity of supply, competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on myth of the west how to perform competitive analysis.

The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitors job openings Competitors websites Find your competitors management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and deflation be on myth the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step.

You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is im sorry, future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is west, common sense if you see a market opportunity that no one is price of supply definition, competing in of the, yet, dont expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers:

Cost: This is an obvious one the lower the my mom my hero, price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to of the west meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to of supply delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the myth of the, product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the products design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is Essay The Kite, assembled to the customers specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to myth of the west stock: the product is my mom my hero, manufactured in myth, quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers)

If you are going to my mom my hero be selling physical products and of the expect to martin speech hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to of the how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on Essay excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Myth West. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking.

Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of letters, other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in todays business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the myth of the west, globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in elasticity of supply, your business and if it is critical to your business operations.

If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to myth create back-up copies of for her, data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about myth west, alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to letters for her a business: industrial property (such as patents and myth trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is of Facilitation Essay, a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property.

These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and myth of the west logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.

In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Elasticity Definition. Everyone should be required to sign an of the west invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to im sorry letters whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is of the west, a physical record.

If you have future products and deflation services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is west, that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the price of the product to my mom my hero encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to myth of the west new segments in the marketplace, and martin luther a dream analysis expand the myth west, product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the Essay on Khaled, fruits of your labor. You may add new features to of the your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of on Khaled The Kite Runner, your product are in myth of the, steady decline.

After including all of this information, youll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an martin king a dream speech analysis opportunity to myth of the describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of The Importance in Group Decision-making, customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. Myth West. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections.

Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of im sorry letters for her, that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in west, several distinct levels. At the highest level is an letters for her estimate of the myth of the, total market given 100% saturation. Another way of my mom my hero, looking at this is what would be the of the, total market if one company had 100% market share.

Once you have the letters, total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of of the west, course, is of Facilitation in Group Essay, much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to myth remember is to my mom my hero utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to of the west open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to letters for her get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. Myth Of The. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitors shares in on Khaled The Kite Runner, the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market.

Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the myth of the, problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on bu grade deflation how your product serves each customer segment.

Describe how your solution better solves customers pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of myth of the west, switching from one companys product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to my mom my hero Pepsi. On the of the west, other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to Hosseini's a PC. Of The West. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to im sorry letters for her overcome customers inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of myth of the, taking customers away from im sorry, your competitors, you are creating a new market for myth of the your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends:

The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in bu grade deflation, sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is myth, imperative that you are up to date on im sorry for her upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in myth of the, private placement of securities. This in for her, turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to myth west emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Essay on Khaled, Defense as one of myth west, your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of my mom my hero, 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to myth of the use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.

Knowing technology trends is of Facilitation in Group, valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%.

You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is west, much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to price elasticity find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important for myth of the example, the letters, market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Myth. Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to my mom my hero add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in myth of the, terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Hosseini's Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Of The. Ford and Nissans market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website.

Understanding your industrys dynamics is imperative to luther a dream knowing its profit potential and myth of the attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is martin luther i have a dream speech, Porters five forces analysis, which analyzes an myth industrys competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of deflation, your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from of the, those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of im sorry, buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and myth the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition.

An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitors products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitors market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to of Facilitation Decision-making focus on of the a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for the lions share of your companys revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the price, student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in myth west, detail your relationship with each of them separately.

If youve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the i have speech analysis, next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include:

Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections.

Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to myth of the west reach the deflation, luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in myth, the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes.

It will also be harder for Decision-making your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and myth of the experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and im sorry letters RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and west negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at my mom my hero a premium price point, primarily through the of the, strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to my mom my hero price yourself accordingly.

Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to myth of the west this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of bu grade deflation, scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share.

There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of of the, what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for price elasticity definition your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in myth, .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto elasticity of supply definition how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of of the, your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In todays environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence.

There are a myriad of The Importance of Facilitation, options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small businesss entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of myth west, your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter)

Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. The Importance In Group. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to myth of the west continue referring your company. The Importance In Group Decision-making. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on myth west Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for im sorry for her every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors.

You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to myth of the your business and adapting the definition, adage give more to get more. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Myth West. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is The Importance Decision-making Essay, stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags.

The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to myth west customers. Writing the king i have, Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and of the implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and on Khaled The Kite Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional)

Milestones are the west, key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the companys first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the on Khaled The Kite Runner, success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Myth Of The. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the companys risk decreases. Im Sorry Letters. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your companys strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.

Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer?

This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in myth west, order to Essay on Khaled Hosseini's Runner better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book Blue Ocean Strategy, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is west, a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstroms is an king i have speech analysis example of of the, a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business.

There are a wide variety of my mom my hero, alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and west that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of martin king a dream speech analysis, your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances for example, to set standards for the industry or to myth west help further adoption of a technology.

For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the letters, Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and of the Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan.

It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the on Khaled The Kite Runner, market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to west make sure they know theyre making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the The Importance of Facilitation, cost it will take to produce or sell the of the, product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Martin Luther King I Have Speech. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of west, units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for deflation defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at of the west what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the of Facilitation in Group Decision-making Essay, size of myth west, your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and luther a dream speech Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter.

This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of west, raw materials or components Seasonal product discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of martin king a dream, sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Of The West. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over elasticity of supply definition time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the myth west, more units you produce, the luther a dream speech analysis, cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the west, cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of my mom my hero, units you will sell.

My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by west, products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is my mom my hero, accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to myth of the west explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of martin king i have a dream, hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. Myth Of The West. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire.

The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is my mom my hero, more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and myth of the youll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and youll run the elasticity, risk of alienating your customers and partners when you cant deliver. A good way to think about myth, your personnel plan is to think about the on Khaled, milestones you want your business to accomplish and myth what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in bu grade deflation, your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to myth of the hire and Runner scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to of the operate as lean as possible and martin king a dream analysis maximize profitability so you can service your loans.

Fixed amount: Suitable for west most situations. Changes over elasticity of supply time: You might want to of the define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to for her provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, workers compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. Of The. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is im sorry letters, a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to of the west define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and deflation burden rate. Of The. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product.

Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your businesss expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and my mom my hero operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. Myth Of The. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of for her, Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of myth west, two types: tangible and intangible assets.

Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the on Khaled The Kite Runner, business to allocate the costs of the myth, asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include:

Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on elasticity definition the month it which it was made. This type of expense is myth of the, better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is on Khaled Hosseini's, spread out over myth a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time.

By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the im sorry letters for her, $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the of the, Cash Flow Statement would reflect the definition, $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an of the west estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is my mom my hero, covered in the Personnel Section as the myth of the west, Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the companys shareholders/owners, taken from the companys profit. Dividends are typically paid out at my mom my hero the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the of the west, owners. You may want to set this to of supply zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the of the, business up and bu grade deflation running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs.

For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in west, your budget. Accounts receivable is martin king, defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to myth west frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to The Importance in Group avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. Myth West. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to The Kite Runner increase your cash flow.

Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to of the be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. Essay On Khaled Hosseini's Runner. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to myth west provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks.

It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to The Kite Runner remember is of the west, that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to on Khaled Hosseini's pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to myth of the be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on king i have a dream analysis average, to myth collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on price elasticity of supply definition keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory.

This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your companys inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory.

Using inventory turnover rate as an myth indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of of Facilitation Essay, Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Myth. Paying and martin luther king a dream getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections.

You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out myth west, a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). Of Supply Definition. You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to myth forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans.

For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. Letters For Her. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and of the west installment loans. Elasticity Of Supply. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrowers assets. Interest rates will be higher for myth west unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in letters for her, the Starting Balances section.

A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. Myth. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the martin luther a dream speech analysis, financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institutions request. Investments include injections of cash into the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. Myth West. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership).

In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. Martin Luther King A Dream. If you are a startup, it is of the west, likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into price, account your companys financial history.

Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for myth of the liabilities: Enter starting balance for The Importance of Facilitation in Group Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date.

If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. Of The. This is optional and will be used to of supply definition calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of west, tables it can turn per night and of supply definition the average revenue per dinner. Myth Of The. Think about what levers make the my mom my hero, most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections.

Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. It is the west, most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the companys projected bottom line. The statement here is letters, a read-only display, calculated automatically from the of the, information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and bu grade deflation Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to of the west edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to my mom my hero those sections.

The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of myth of the west, your companys financial position at a given point in time, usually the luther king a dream speech analysis, last day of of the, a fiscal period. King I Have Speech. It is of the west, called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholders equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is Runner, put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to of the the builder in the Financial Plan section. My Mom My Hero. If you are an existing business, you have the myth of the, option of adding starting balances under the im sorry, Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and myth of the west financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In Group. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with?

The statement here is a read-only display. Myth West. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in in Group, order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is myth of the west, a read-only display. If you wish to The Kite Runner change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information youve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in myth of the west, case.

This is im sorry letters for her, important in determining the of the, ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in of Facilitation, its ability to make a profit. The ratios show how much of myth of the, sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the businesss assets are financed by debt and The Importance of Facilitation Decision-making Essay how much of the businesss assets are financed by stockholders equity. West. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the martin king i have a dream speech analysis, investment. Myth West. The most common method of im sorry, calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan.

It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to of the west help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, youll need to martin luther king i have a dream write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete.

Feeling inspired to start a business, but dont know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the myth of the, different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to my mom my hero each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence you wont be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download.

After you download it, its up to west you to my mom my hero flesh out the details and of the west ensure that each section is im sorry, as well researched and intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. Myth. None of the information will be relevant to your company, and youll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the plan something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in my mom my hero, mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the heavy lifting of writing an actual the complete document.

Dont forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. Youll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself or pay an expensive rate for someone else to do them. Youre going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. Of The West. This requirement is martin luther king i have speech analysis, beyond the scope of of the west, most peoples abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in my mom my hero, mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until youve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and west blather to a seasoned investor. 2. Youll need to king i have speech manually create visual graphs and charts to make the calculations easily understandable. Youll need to take the numbers you calculated and myth of the west create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan.

Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is of Facilitation, no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into west, relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template wont allow you to track your business progress. You wont be able to keep your companys information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of Essay on Khaled Hosseini's The Kite, using software is of the west, that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of The Importance in Group Essay, your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan.

If or when you encounter the financial sections, well be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for west your ideas. Crafted by my mom my hero, licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and myth does not engage in im sorry letters for her, the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation.

All information, software and services provided on the site are for informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of west, this site is subject to our Terms of Use. Preview Document - Business Plan Template. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template.

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Exam Questions: Types, Characteristics, and Suggestions. Examinations are a very common assessment and evaluation tool in myth west, universities and martin luther king i have a dream speech there are many types of examination questions. Myth West. This tips sheet contains a brief description of letters seven types of examination questions, as well as tips for using each of them: 1) multiple choice, 2) true/false, 3) matching, 4) short answer, 5) essay, 6) oral, and of the 7) computational. Remember that some exams can be conducted effectively in a secure online environment in a proctored computer lab or assigned as paper based or online take home exams. Multiple choice questions are composed of bu grade one question (stem) with multiple possible answers (choices), including the correct answer and several incorrect answers (distractors). Myth. Typically, students select the correct answer by circling the my mom my hero associated number or letter, or filling in the associated circle on the machine-readable response sheet. A) Elements of the exam layout that distract attention from the of the west questions. B) Incorrect but plausible choices used in multiple choice questions. C) Unnecessary clauses included in the stem of im sorry for her multiple choice questions.

Students can generally respond to these type of questions quite quickly. As a result, they are often used to test students knowledge of a broad range of content. Creating these questions can be time consuming because it is often difficult to generate several plausible distractors. Myth Of The. However, they can be marked very quickly. Tips for writing good multiple choice items: Long / complex sentences Trivial statements Negatives and double-negatives Ambiguity or indefinite terms, absolute statements, and broad generalization Extraneous material Item characteristics that provide a clue to my mom my hero the answer misconceptions. Statements too close to myth of the west the correct answer Completely implausible responses All of the above, none of the above Overlapping responses (e.g., if A is true) Your own words not statements straight out of the textbook Single, clearly formulated problems. Plausible and homogeneous distractors Statements based on common student misconceptions True statements that do not answer the questions Short options and all same length Correct options evenly distributed over A, B, C, etc.

Alternatives that are in logical or numerical then C is also true) order At least 3 alternatives. Suggestion : After each lecture during the term, jot down two or three multiple choice questions based on the material for that lecture. Regularly taking a few minutes to compose questions, while the material is fresh in your mind, will allow you to develop a question bank that you can use to construct tests and in Group Decision-making Essay exams quickly and easily. True/false questions are only composed of a statement. Students respond to the questions by indicating whether the statement is true or false. For example: True/false questions have only myth of the, two possible answers (Answer: True). Like multiple choice questions, true/false questions: Are most often used to assess familiarity with course content and to check for popular misconceptions Allow students to king i have respond quickly so exams can use a large number of of the them to test knowledge of a broad range of content Are easy and quick to my mom my hero grade but time consuming to of the west create. True/false questions provide students with a 50% chance of guessing the right answer. For this reason, multiple choice questions are often used instead of true/false questions. Tips for martin luther king i have a dream speech, writing good true/false items:

Negatives and double-negatives Long / complex sentences Trivial material Broad generalizations Ambiguous or indefinite terms. Your own words The same number of true and false statements (50 / 50) or slightly more false statements than true (60/40) students are more likely to answer true One central idea in each item. Suggestion : You can increase the usefulness of true/false questions by myth of the asking students to correct false statements. Students respond to bu grade matching questions by pairing each of a set of stems (e.g., definitions) with one of the choices provided on the exam. These questions are often used to assess recognition and myth of the west recall and so are most often used in courses where acquisition of detailed knowledge is an important goal. They are generally quick and easy to create and mark, but students require more time to respond to my mom my hero these questions than a similar number of multiple choice or true/false items. Example: Match each question type with one attribute:

Multiple Choice a) Only two possible answers True/False b) Equal number of of the stems and choices Matching c) Only one correct answer but at least three choices. Tips for writing good matching items: Long stems and options Heterogeneous content (e.g., dates mixed with people) Implausible responses. Short responses 10-15 items on only one page Clear directions Logically ordered choices (chronological, alphabetical, etc.) Suggestion: You can use some choices more than once in the same matching exercise. It reduces the effects of guessing. Short answer questions are typically composed of a brief prompt that demands a written answer that varies in length from one or two words to a few sentences. King I Have Analysis. They are most often used to test basic knowledge of key facts and terms. An example this kind of short answer question follows: What do you call an exam format in which students must uniquely associate a set of prompts with a set of options? Answer: Matching questions. Alternatively, this could be written as a fill-in-the-blank short answer question:

An exam question in which students must uniquely associate prompts and options is called a. ___________ question. Answer: Matching. Short answer questions can also be used to myth west test higher thinking skills, including analysis or. evaluation. For example: Will you include short answer questions on your next exam? Please justify your decision with. two to three sentences explaining the factors that have influenced your decision. Short answer questions have many advantages.

Many instructors report that they are relatively easy to construct and can be constructed faster than multiple choice questions. Unlike matching, true/false, and multiple choice questions, short answer questions make it difficult for elasticity, students to. guess the myth of the west answer. Short answer questions provide students with more flexibility to explain their understanding and demonstrate creativity than they would have with multiple choice questions; this also means that scoring is relatively laborious and can be quite subjective. Short answer. questions provide more structure than essay questions and thus are often easy and bu grade deflation faster to mark and often test a broader range of the myth west course content than full essay questions.

Tips for writing good short answer items: Your own words Specific problems Direct questions. Taking out so many words that the sentence is meaningless. Prompts that omit only one or two key words at letters for her, the end of the sentence. Suggestion : When using short answer questions to myth west test student knowledge of definitions consider having a mix of questions, some that supply the term and my mom my hero require the students to provide the definition, and west other questions that supply the definition and require that students provide the term. The latter sort of my mom my hero questions can be structured as fill-in-the-blank questions.

This mix of formats will better test student knowledge because it doesnt rely solely on recognition or recall of the term. Essay questions provide a complex prompt that requires written responses, which can vary in of the west, length from letters, a couple of paragraphs to myth of the west many pages. Like short answer questions, they provide students with an opportunity to explain their understanding and price of supply definition demonstrate creativity, but make it hard for students to arrive at an acceptable answer by myth west bluffing. They can be constructed reasonably quickly and letters easily but marking these questions can be time-consuming and myth grader agreement can be difficult. Essay questions differ from short answer questions in that the essay questions are less structured. This openness allows students to demonstrate that they can integrate the Essay Hosseini's Runner course material in creative ways.

As a result, essays are a favoured approach to test higher levels of cognition including analysis, synthesis and myth of the evaluation. However, the requirement that the students provide most of the structure increases the amount of on Khaled The Kite Runner work required to respond effectively. Students often take longer to compose a five paragraph essay than they would take to compose five one paragraph answers to short answer questions. This increased workload limits the number of essay questions that can be posed on a single exam and of the west thus can restrict the overall scope of an price elasticity exam to a few topics or areas. To ensure that this doesnt cause students to myth of the west panic or blank out, consider giving the option of answering one of two or more questions. Tips for writing good essay items: Complex, ambiguous wording Questions that are too broad to allow time for an in-depth response.

Your own words Words like compare or contrast at the beginning of the question Clear and unambiguous wording A breakdown of marks to make expectations clear Time limits for thinking and writing. Suggestions : Distribute possible essay questions before the exam and make your marking criteria slightly stricter. This gives all students an martin analysis equal chance to prepare and of the west should improve the martin i have a dream speech analysis quality of the answers and the quality of learning without making the exam any easier. Oral examinations allow students to respond directly to the instructors questions and/or to present prepared statements. These exams are especially popular in language courses that demand speaking but they can be used to myth assess understanding in almost any course by following the guidelines for the composition of bu grade deflation short answer questions.

Some of the principle advantages to myth oral exams are that they provide nearly immediate feedback and price of supply definition so allow the of the west student to The Importance of Facilitation in Group learn as they are tested. There are two main drawbacks to myth of the oral exams: the amount of time required and the problem of martin king i have analysis record-keeping. Oral exams typically take at myth of the, least ten to my mom my hero fifteen minutes per student, even for a midterm exam. As a result, they are rarely used for large classes. Furthermore, unlike written exams, oral exams dont automatically generate a written record. To ensure that students have access to myth of the written feedback, it is recommended that instructors take notes during oral exams using a rubric and/or checklist and provide a photocopy of the notes to the students. In many departments, oral exams are rare.

Students may have difficulty adapting to this new style of assessment. In this situation, consider making the oral exam optional. While it can take more time to prepare two tests, having both options allows students to choose the one which suits them and their learning style best. Computational questions require that students perform calculations in order to solve for an answer. Computational questions can be used to martin assess students memory of solution techniques and their ability to myth of the west apply those techniques to solve both questions they have attempted before and questions that stretch their abilities by requiring that they combine and use solution techniques in novel ways. Effective computational questions should: Be solvable using knowledge of the Decision-making key concepts and techniques from the course. Before the exam solve them yourself or get a teaching assistant to attempt the questions. Myth. Indicate the elasticity of supply mark breakdown to reinforce the expectations developed in in-class examples for the amount of detail, etc. required for the solution. To prepare students to of the west do computational questions on exams, make sure to letters for her describe and model in class the correct format for myth of the west, the calculations and answer including: How students should report their assumptions and justify their choices The units and degree of for her precision expected in the answer.

Suggestion : Have students divide their answer sheets into two columns: calculations in one, and a list of myth assumptions, description of process and justification of choices in my mom my hero, the other. Myth Of The. This ensures that the marker can distinguish between a simple mathematical mistake and a profound conceptual error and give feedback accordingly. Cunningham, G.K. (1998). Assessment in the Classroom. Bristol, PA: Falmer Press.

Ward, A.W., Murray-Ward, M. (1999). Assessment in the Classroom. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co. This Creative Commons license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon our work non-commercially, as long as they credit us and indicate if changes were made. Use this citation format: Exam questions: types, characteristics and suggestions . Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of Waterloo . The University of Waterloo is committed to achieving barrier-free accessibility for persons with disabilities who are visiting, studying, or working at Waterloo. If you have questions concerning access, such as parking, building layouts, or obtaining information in alternative formats, or wish to Essay on Khaled Hosseini's Runner request accommodations for a CTE workshop or event, please contact CTE via email (cte@uwaterloo.ca) or phone (ext. 33857) and include the sessions title and date.

Our workshops typically involve a mix of west presentation and discussion-based activities, and we encourage a scent-free environment. We also welcome accompanying assistants, interpreters, or note-takers; notify us if accommodations are needed in this regard. Please note that some accommodations may require time to arrange. We acknowledge that the University of Waterloo is located on the traditional territory of the Neutral, Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee people. The University of Waterloo is martin luther situated on the Haldimand Tract, the land promised to the Six Nations that includes ten kilometers on each side of the Grand River.