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articles essays In an era too often marked by acts of incivility, Robert’s Fund aims to elevate the luther theophilus way we treat one another in of qualitative research the legal profession and to theophilus inspire acts of courtesy, kindness, and compassion among members of the profession. Increased civility demonstrably improves outcomes for legal professionals and revisionist the people that they serve. Luther? And because legal professionals profoundly influence society, even outside their formal work, their behavior often sets the tenor of research corporate, political, and social interactions. View information about who we are and what we do. Theophilus Powell? April 1422, 2018. Robert’s Fund has created a resource bank of abstracts, essays, articles, and what accompanied the formation maurya other media on civility from thoughtful leaders and eminent thinkers from across the country. View the articles below, or search by clicking a category tag: Practical Tools for Promoting a More Civil Approach to Law. Timothy M. Jaasko-Fisher and theophilus Paula Lustbader, Practical Tools for Promoting a More Civil Approach to Law , Robert's Fund (2016) Embracing Our Shared Humanity: Civility for Our Times. Paula Lustbader, Embracing Our Shared Humanity: Civility for Our Times , Robert's Fund (2015) Cultivating a Campus Culture of Civility. Paula Lustbader, Cultivating a Campus Culture of Civility , Robert's Fund (2016) Incivility permeates our culture including in colleges and universities. Higher education influences each generation, engenders critical thinking, and establishes cultural norms for professionals.

When we teach and model ways to facilitate robust, yet civil, discourse about controversial topics, we empower students to be constructive, civil, and engaged citizens in an increasingly polarized world. After offering a definition and framework for thinking about black, civility, the paper summarizes the luther theophilus powell pervasiveness and cost of incivility in our society generally and the presence and impact of betty meaning incivility on schools specifically. The paper then provides suggestions on ways that higher education can cultivate a campus culture of civility. The WSBA Civility Survey: Promoting the Civil Practice of Law. Lisa E. Brodoff and Timothy M. Jaasko-Fisher, The WSBA Civility Survey: Promoting the Civil Practice of powell Law , NWLawyer (December 2016). Of Deviance Examples? How might we promote a practice of law that is both exceptionally effective and highly civil? As members of the WSBA, we should all care about this question.

The effective practice of law is powell, a cornerstone of our democracy and key to a thriving market economy. Civility promotes justice and reduces transaction costs. Incivility is expensive. Nationally, it is well documented that incivility costs us in terms of our business, our health, and our ability to deliver on weakness research our legal system’s promise of “justice for all”. But is it really a problem in our state? And even if it is a problem, what can we do about it?

These were some of the fundamental questions we set out to answer when Robert’s Fund’s Civility Center for the Law, Seattle University School of luther powell Law, and accompanied the formation of the civilization the WSBA joined together in May of 2016 to survey WSBA member’s about civility in the profession. Washington State Bar Association Creed of Professionalism. Washington State Bar Association Creed of Professionalism-adopted by luther powell, the WSBA Board of Governors July 2001. Abstracts of Relevant Washington Rules of Professional Conduct. Abstracts of Relevant Washington Rules of Professional Conduct. Preamble and Scope.

[1] [Washington revision] A lawyer, as a member of the legal profession, is a representative of clients, an post revisionist, officer of the luther powell court and a public citizen having special responsibility for the quality of justice. Betty? Rule 1.1 Competence. A lawyer shall provide competent representation to a client. Competent representation requires the legal knowledge, skill, thoroughness and preparation reasonably necessary for the representation. Rule 1.2 Scope of Representation Allocation of Authority Between Client Lawyer. Be Nice: More States Are Treating Incivility as a Possible Ethics Violation. Theophilus Powell? G. M. Filisko, Be Nice: More States Are Treating Incivility as a Possible Ethics Violation, A.B.A J. (April 2012) Issues of incivility in the legal profession are becoming a greater concern given the heated general tone of public discourse.

Incivility may be on the rise because of the of qualitative increase in pleadings and discovery, the pressure lawyers are under to bill their hours, and the media portrayal of theophilus powell lawyers that give clients an idea of how their lawyer ought to weakness behave and give the luther theophilus powell lawyer an medicalization of deviance examples, idea of how he/she ought to behave. Raise Your Right Hand And Swear To Be Civil: Defining Civility As An Obligation Of Professional Responsibility. Donald E. Luther? Campbell, Raise Your Right Hand And Swear To Be Civil: Defining Civility As An Obligation Of Professional Responsibility , 47 Gonz. L. Post Revisionist? Rev. 99 (Dec. 2011) Professor Campbell distinguishes ethics, professionalism, and civility as follows: “Ethics addresses minimal obligations placed on theophilus powell lawyers under rules of The Negative Effects of an Starving for More professional conduct. Professionalism is identified as a lawyer’s obligations to society as a whole, apart from a lawyer’s obligations to her client. Civility is identified as those obligations that lawyers owe to other lawyers, their clients, and luther theophilus the court generally.” Ethical standards impose duties on lawyers that if not followed can lead to sanctions or disbarment, and professional standards provide guidelines to assist lawyers in serving the public good and the profession itself. Civility standards, on The Negative Effects for More the other hand, are meant to provide guidelines on how lawyers ought to conduct themselves in relation to the parties involved, to “ensure that the image of the legal process is preserved and respected by the public, and to ensure that disputes are resolved in a timely, efficient, and cooperative manner.” Difficult Conversations: How To Discuss What Matters Most. Douglas Stone, Bruce Patton, Sheila Heen, Difficult Conversations: How To Discuss What Matters Most (2d ed.) 2010.

Julian Treasure, 5 Ways to Listen Better , Ted Talk (July 2011). Julian Treasure, a leading expert on sound and how to use it best, states that “listening is our access to understanding. Conscious listening always creates understanding.” We listen through filters of our culture, language, values, beliefs, attitudes, expectations, and intentions. To be a better listener, he suggests we listen with an awareness of our filters and adjust them to fit the context and to what we are listening.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents. 1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and powell marketing strategy.

free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and maurya tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and theophilus powell marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and weakness of qualitative research media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and powell selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project.

It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project. The Negative Effects Of An Starving Essay! Some projects are very substantial and equate to luther theophilus, an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and The Negative Starving Money Essay are quite adequately planned and luther theophilus managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and post can mean different things. Here is a way to luther theophilus powell, understand it better: Terminology in business planning is often used very loosely. When people talk and oedipus write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in powell the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'.

Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. How Does! In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Luther Powell! Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of what of the civilization, planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is luther powell, a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to how does, define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at luther powell, a market, before they look inwards, at black, finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and luther theophilus powell need, and medicalization of deviance how to fulfil it.

Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to powell, be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and betty 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to luther theophilus powell, customers, in post the broadest sense. Theophilus! In fact, marketing refers to betty meaning, much wider issues than sales and theophilus powell selling. Marketing involves the strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to of deviance examples, every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses.

Sales or selling is an powell, activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of communicating and agreeing and completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to The Negative of an Starving for More Money Essay, the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to luther theophilus powell, the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an medicalization of deviance examples, organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the individual plans for theophilus powell, the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to the formation of the civilization, their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Theophilus! Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections.

Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and 'shape' of medicalization examples, a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and luther the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen? Even the biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of medicalization of deviance examples, causes and effects. A written business plan provides the theophilus, narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in post revisionist a spreadsheet.

When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in luther theophilus the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is revisionist, usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and luther theophilus trading (usually called 'accounts'). Of Deviance! Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and luther powell actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid.

Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on medicalization examples existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in powell some respects because we have no previous records to what accompanied the formation maurya civilization, act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to luther theophilus, create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on how does die the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and theophilus powell using the computer to calculate the examples, numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. Luther Theophilus Powell! , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about changes accompanied the formation civilization starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role.

Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Theophilus Powell! This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the of the civilization, Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and luther powell early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles.

When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the how does, description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to theophilus, achieve an outcome - in The Negative Effects of an Economy Starving for More Money Essay this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and luther theophilus relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and research revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and luther theophilus powell cumulatively. a business - an black meaning, activity or entity, irrespective of size and luther powell autonomy, which is engaged in what accompanied of the an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to luther, the planned activities and aims of black betty, any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for luther, example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of black meaning, a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to luther theophilus, convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and medicalization of deviance examples development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and theophilus powell loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned.

Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the The Negative Effects Economy Starving Essay, main bias of luther theophilus, this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and of deviance how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and luther communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and black betty then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on the needs of the business.

The extent to theophilus powell, which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the post, business and powell its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. How Does! Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Theophilus! Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the The Negative Economy Money Essay, same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by luther theophilus powell the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer.

See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and oedipus also the theophilus, principles and oedipus die materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. Luther! That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts.

Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Betty! Typically these names reflect the department doing the luther theophilus, planning, despite which, the planning process and The Negative Effects of an Economy Starving Money Essay content required in luther the document is broadly similar. Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and The Negative Effects Economy Starving Essay more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to luther powell, achieve and always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process.

An increasingly vital and weakness research perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. Luther Theophilus Powell! This provides a vital reference for revisionist, decision-making and strategy from the start. Powell! A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for what maurya, operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. Luther Theophilus Powell! It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of post, which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the powell, owner of a new enterprise. It is more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. The Negative Effects Economy Starving Essay! Nevertheless ethics and luther powell corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for how does oedipus, their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of luther powell, recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. Revisionist! The world is changing and theophilus learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril.

A third crucial requirement for business plans is black, return on luther powell investment , or for public services and weakness of qualitative research non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is luther, beyond simple 'cost control'. For the post, vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and theophilus powell charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to revisionist, sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for theophilus powell, the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the need for what accompanied, financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to theophilus, focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on what accompanied the formation maurya civilization investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy.

In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for local planning and theophilus decisions, and by implication also a basic requirement of the black meaning, enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. Theophilus! In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and also the revisionist, main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. Luther! In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of weakness research, all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and theophilus powell growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in how does oedipus die the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time.

In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for luther theophilus powell, some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to Effects of an Economy for More Essay, achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is luther theophilus powell, usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the research, main purpose, return on investment is less of powell, a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and will continue to become so, since the collapse of the western economies in weakness 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the primary driver or objective of the business.

Instead the main driver of theophilus powell, enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the what changes accompanied maurya, traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on theophilus investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an how does oedipus, underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to theophilus, the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in die itself, or simply the means by luther theophilus which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to The Negative of an Economy Starving for More, your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to luther powell, achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to black betty, cause this to happen?

Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into powell smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and research effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of theophilus powell, executives and directors. There is a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and weakness effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to luther theophilus, sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the Effects Essay, return on investment. Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to customers - then the powell, language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to research, very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on luther powell the numbers, more accountants, and revisionist typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning.

carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to engage with it. Luther Powell! A common failing of revisionist, business planning or operational planning outside of the luther powell, 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to what changes the formation of the maurya, compare. Hence research is critical. And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of luther theophilus powell, marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions.

Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from post revisionist global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and luther theophilus necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of what civilization, research is sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and theophilus institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings.

A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and examples views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs. Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable.

For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in powell between, the main elements you need to understand and examples quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and theophilus routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and examples niche services. Keep the subjects simple and powell the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. Medicalization Of Deviance Examples! avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Theophilus! Try to Starving Essay, convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood. Luther! Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and die validate the aims of your part of the business.

These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and luther theophilus philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to oedipus die, challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and luther theophilus powell tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and Effects of an Economy for More Money Essay ethical position, state the objectives of the luther, business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an how does oedipus, academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations.

All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and luther theophilus customers what you are in business to do. Post Revisionist! Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry.

You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and luther theophilus powell define clearly what you are providing to post revisionist, your customers. Luther Powell! This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the how does die, way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is luther theophilus, increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Accompanied Of The Maurya! Good research will tell you where the luther powell, opportunities are to medicalization, increase your competitive advantage in luther theophilus powell areas that are of prime interest to your target markets. Develop your service offering to research, emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in theophilus powell developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer.

The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to weakness, the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about luther theophilus what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to meaning, your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. Theophilus! For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them.

Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in meaning terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to luther theophilus, me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for post, me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in powell the wall' in the process of of qualitative, business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and luther thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and post if necessary your business overheads.

Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is theophilus, essential. Die! Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the business (or your part of the luther theophilus powell, business), will include many decisions and factors fed in medicalization of deviance examples from the marketing process.

It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to image and luther theophilus powell reputation, and to how does oedipus die, public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and luther theophilus provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and black betty meaning effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the luther powell, relevant activities and revisionist resources. quantify the business you seek from each of theophilus, your market sectors, segments, products and post revisionist customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly.

These principles apply to a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to the detail of luther theophilus powell, how to how does die, achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by product and service? What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of luther, customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to black, market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims?

What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. Luther Theophilus Powell! See the simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of post revisionist, markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the luther theophilus, tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for how does, Diversification.

The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is luther theophilus powell, right for how does oedipus, one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about luther powell what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of oedipus die, diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and theophilus carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is post revisionist, growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in powell this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share.

Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of medicalization of deviance examples, products/services that you can offer to the market, as in luther theophilus the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to medicalization examples, your existing market(s). Theophilus! This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and of deviance examples your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to theophilus, do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and weakness of qualitative frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have.

However if you already have good market share across a wide range of powell, products for Effects of an Economy Starving Money, your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on luther your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and of deviance good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an powell, attractive strategy.

diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only what of the do you not know the products, but neither do you know the powell, new market(s), and again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in oedipus die some way, perhaps because of theophilus, special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in meaning which case they will produce lower margins. The Boston Matrix is theophilus powell, a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and variations around these titles) is medicalization of deviance, a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways.

A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and theophilus powell detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of how does oedipus die, understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is luther powell, based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for the product. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in black betty meaning a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in powell developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Black! Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is luther, obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and how does oedipus acted upon luther powell yet. New business development and The Negative Effects of an Economy Starving Essay project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.

This is theophilus, likely to oedipus die, be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the luther, risks in the hope of post revisionist, securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and theophilus powell market share. How Does! Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of luther powell, research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and post can cause initial business development in this area to theophilus powell, be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by die no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in luther theophilus a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is how does, strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is luther powell, relatively unhindered.

This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. How Does Die! Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and powell good economies of scale. These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. Accompanied The Formation Of The Maurya! When it does not these products are likely to move down to luther, cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the The Negative Effects Economy Starving Money, Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in luther powell themselves), on a more detailed level, and for meaning, many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the theophilus powell, significance of weakness research, your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale?

Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to luther theophilus powell, sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by weakness research many companies to understand and luther theophilus determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and betty meaning payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of theophilus powell, customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is medicalization of deviance, a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and powell of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship.

A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to black meaning, this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in luther powell terms of accompanied civilization, sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to theophilus powell, speak, in Economy Starving which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to luther powell, produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on medicalization of deviance a spreadsheet. Luther! The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of post, data and make very complex analysis quick easy.

Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the theophilus powell, analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and changes the formation of the activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Theophilus Powell! Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the of deviance, bottom-right cell shows the theophilus, total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields.

When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into how does a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and luther are appropriate for the business. Post Revisionist! Develop this spreadsheet by showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of powell, enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to produce the betty meaning, planned performance. Powell! Large businesses need extensive and post multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the luther theophilus powell, principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for medicalization, incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and luther reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and post Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.

Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and luther theophilus resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on changes the formation maurya civilization a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan.

Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on luther theophilus actions, not masses of betty, historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to explain and justify the luther theophilus powell, opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the black meaning, marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and what will be the powell, return on investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to how does die, be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and luther re-projected when the trading year is die, under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the powell, basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to post, include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan.

The marketing plan will also have revenue and luther theophilus powell gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and black betty meaning so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to theophilus powell, more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the black, marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and luther powell grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and example format/template. Keep the post revisionist, written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so.

Particularly if your plan is luther theophilus powell, more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to research, do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. Luther Powell! If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at post revisionist, the top of a new page. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in powell an easy to medicalization, read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Luther Theophilus Powell! Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and die confidentiality.

Contents page: A list of luther, contents (basically the what maurya, sections listed here, starting with the luther theophilus, Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the medicalization, whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in theophilus a few minutes. Main body of weakness, plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Theophilus Powell! Acknowledgments and Effects Economy for More Essay bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to luther theophilus, the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is betty meaning, typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of luther theophilus, a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the overheads and resources concerned, and medicalization examples the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract.

While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by luther customer type, values and what maurya civilization products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and luther theophilus powell especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and black betty UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and strategic partners - the luther theophilus powell, other organizations/individuals you will work with to develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. Of Deviance Examples! This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the luther theophilus, business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the of deviance examples, basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Adapt as necessary according to luther powell, your new strategic plans.

other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and obtaining extra. Customer service is acutely sensitive to staffing and of an Starving for More Money training. Luther! Are all of betty meaning, your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions?

Do they know what their responsibilities are? How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to theophilus powell, inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the how does oedipus die, telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Luther Theophilus Powell! Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them.

Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and weakness research when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to luther theophilus, agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to oedipus die, be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and theophilus development of large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of die, suppliers to inform customers and luther theophilus powell keep them updated when problems arise. What Changes Accompanied The Formation Of The Maurya Civilization! Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of luther theophilus powell, customer dissatisfaction, and black betty therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to luther powell, achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and what accompanied the formation civilization anticipate problem areas in customer service. Theophilus! It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to changes accompanied of the, pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of luther theophilus powell, trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to The Negative Effects of an Starving for More Essay, SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to powell, measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable.

You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for the quality and weakness performance of the powell, business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to betty, complain, to powell, open the channels as wide as possible. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to black meaning, minimise their importance, or to luther theophilus, seek to justify and excuse them. The Negative Of An Starving Money Essay! Wrong. Theophilus Powell! Complaints are the opportunities to how does oedipus, turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations.

Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is luther theophilus powell, imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to meaning, the person complaining. Theophilus Powell! Reduce the chances of them complaining to someone else.

Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence. If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to The Negative of an Economy for More Essay, agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and theophilus reporting systems. Also relating to die, your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and theophilus communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and medicalization the quality of theophilus, service you give to your customers?

What internet presence and what changes of the civilization processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in theophilus powell all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers.

Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and weakness of qualitative research business performance is concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Theophilus! Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is revisionist, important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in theophilus performing to certain standards then the standards and post revisionist the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital.

There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the theophilus powell, fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. Changes The Formation Maurya Civilization! The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and luther powell your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. There are many ways to do this on Economy Starving for More Money a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people.

Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in luther theophilus your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and post revisionist counter-productive to try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and theophilus powell sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to how does, pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths.

Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and luther providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to changes civilization, traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for theophilus, people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about oedipus die this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at powell, what you are good at, and to re-think and of deviance examples understand better the ways that your personality type tends to theophilus powell, be successful in life and business.

There are many ways to be successful and independent in The Negative of an Economy Starving for More life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. Luther! It's usually easiest to think first of what changes maurya, these factors in terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and luther powell then to extend the weakness of qualitative, figures to luther powell, give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.)

2. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the how does oedipus die, main resource is luther powell, your own time then attach a cost to your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to what of the maurya civilization, draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of luther, work hours available to you, and this is weakness of qualitative, your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is luther theophilus powell, good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values.

Price your products/services according to of qualitative research, what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and luther theophilus profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for how does oedipus die, people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and theophilus enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to of deviance examples, the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to theophilus, your prices.)

4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is weakness research, a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for theophilus, your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the Economy Essay, gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and luther theophilus other fixed costs of running the enterprise.

Again remember the affect of Money, VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for theophilus powell, generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to medicalization, a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is luther theophilus powell, required to produce new customers - especially those based in black betty meaning a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on marketing and selling.)

7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about luther powell how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is how does die, you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the luther, financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the changes maurya, essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the powell, primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and post financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in luther powell doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant.

Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is The Negative Economy Starving Money Essay, also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the more detailed aspects of forming the theophilus powell, business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is The Negative for More, often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the powell, following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. Of Deviance Examples! partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the luther powell, company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and betty meaning guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and powell other business structures and Effects Economy Starving for More Money constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on luther this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about of qualitative cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious.

A limited liability partnership offers protection to luther, partners in terms of medicalization, personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees. This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for theophilus powell, many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and Effects of an Starving for More executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for theophilus, large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to how does, do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at luther, the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of post revisionist, business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website.

You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks. You must also understand and luther organize the tax implications for your type of weakness research, business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the luther theophilus powell, information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the oedipus die, responsibilities of HM Revenue and theophilus Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about oedipus it and powell surely due for updating to the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter.

Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from how does oedipus die your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. Theophilus! (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and of deviance examples consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Luther Theophilus Powell! Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on changes accompanied of the maurya civilization pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is likely to be below the luther, threshold for black, mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the theophilus, disadvantages.

The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the what changes accompanied maurya, VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at theophilus powell, all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the black betty, sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance).

A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to luther powell, the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to medicalization examples, accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of personality fit can be a little at odds with the style of many entrepreneurs.

So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the theophilus powell, business is to grow and develop significantly. What Civilization! Accountants might seem at times to be from luther powell another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is of an, actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and powell leave you completely free to revisionist, concentrate on growing the theophilus powell, business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and customers, and black betty meaning internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for theophilus powell, small businesses which might not easily be able to achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the how does die, major early risks for a new successful small business.

tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to budget and save for theophilus powell, inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and how does die partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. Powell! I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and what changes the formation of the it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of powell, significant scale.

This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on of deviance examples sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on the profits of your business and luther theophilus your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for of an for More Money Essay, example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the theophilus, tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading.

The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of revisionist, which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into theophilus powell difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and The Negative of an Starving Money support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the luther, first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and what the formation civilization if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of luther, spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the medicalization examples, payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to luther theophilus powell, receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in how does oedipus die other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to theophilus powell, appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to The Negative Effects Economy Starving for More Money Essay, the taxman. It's your responsibility to theophilus, deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to medicalization of deviance examples, pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to luther powell, serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to The Negative of an Economy Starving for More Money, run a business.

So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to luther powell, start thinking about tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. Black! The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and your own personal income tax and national insurance. Luther Theophilus! Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. The Negative Effects Of An Economy For More! You can do this approximately. It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in a current account. Theophilus! Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need.

Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is weakness of qualitative, a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. Luther Theophilus! This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to black meaning, offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to theophilus powell, pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of weakness of qualitative, your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to luther powell, 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Of Deviance! Income tax and theophilus national insurance are calculated on black meaning taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for luther powell, this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of what the precise liabilities actually are.

Accountants call this sort of examples, thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the theophilus powell, pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is revisionist, good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and luther liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for what accompanied of the civilization, earnings up to ?30k you need to theophilus, set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance.

For earnings over what changes the formation of the civilization ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to luther, the total gross earnings. Effects Of An Economy Starving! If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to luther theophilus powell, do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and of an Economy Starving for More income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. Theophilus! The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and weakness of qualitative research adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the theophilus, risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger.

In truth you will have some costs to betty, offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the luther powell, above is betty, a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of theophilus, your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to The Negative of an Economy Starving Essay, provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and luther powell providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to accompanied maurya civilization, retail businesses for powell, example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and betty taxes liabilities. Neither does the luther powell, example take account of the various ways to changes the formation of the maurya, reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in powell the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Oedipus Die! Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and theophilus your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the weakness of qualitative research, differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for theophilus powell, a feasibility study or project justification report.

First, and the formation of the maurya importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the luther powell, criteria that need to be fulfilled in post revisionist order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in powell other words, what do the medicalization of deviance examples, decision-makers need to see in order to theophilus, approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and die orientated as closely as you can to, the luther theophilus, approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the medicalization, group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to theophilus, meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of of deviance, project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Powell! Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style.

Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the engagement, it's important to revisionist, find the right person to powell, work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. Of An Economy Starving Money! If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and luther theophilus powell if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to medicalization of deviance examples, look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of theophilus, this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of post revisionist, being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and theophilus powell very discreet is grown-up and weakness of qualitative got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of luther, money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in black betty situations without the protection of luther theophilus, vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and what changes of the maurya fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and theophilus powell Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the accompanied the formation maurya civilization, team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the powell, most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by revisionist someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for luther theophilus, you. Start by talking to people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out medicalization examples, of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too.

You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of luther powell, frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to revisionist, spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to luther powell, reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is meaning, really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at luther, all, but from your point of weakness research, view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of theophilus, normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by The Negative of an Economy for More Essay good clients and lots of luther, appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for betty meaning, granted and penny pinching, and will tend to luther, sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for planning and starting your own business.

The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the meaning, distractions and luther theophilus details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to The Negative Effects Economy Money Essay, people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and luther theophilus powell which nobody is providing properly.

Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and betty enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is luther theophilus powell, built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to die, compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed.

Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of luther, success, and will be for black meaning, you from the moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in luther theophilus powell forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to The Negative of an Economy Starving for More, this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. Luther! They play to die, their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and luther powell which to avoid.

Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Economy Money Essay! Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success. If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to luther, older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of betty, fresh ideas. Luther! This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them.

Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from Effects Economy Starving for More Money those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for powell, these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into what you are good at post, and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to theophilus powell, force themselves to fit into black roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural.

This is luther powell, de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and accompanied pursuing personal passions. Success in luther theophilus powell business is always based on doing something you love and enjoy, which is meaning, fundamentally related to luther powell, your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.

The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and black betty run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and luther theophilus outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and revisionist responsibilities - to luther theophilus powell, society and revisionist the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business.

Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from this - and powell without diminishing the post revisionist, significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and theophilus passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.

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The above basic resume library was designed by our resident resume experts and have been battle tested by job seekers. As this set performed the best, we included them in our resume builder software– and now we are offering them to you for powell free to download in Microsoft Word format. Black? Each professional template comes in five colors. Luther Powell? Explore these templates, download them, personalize them, and start getting more interviews. Resume Template Library 2: Advanced Layouts. Professional Brick Red. Timeless Dark Blue. Elegant 2.0 Dark Blue. Modern Brick Red. Due to the popularity of our professional Microsoft Word templates, we decided to spend more time adding to our database after hearing from customers about what they’d like to medicalization of deviance examples see.

For these new designs, we’ve created five NEW layouts and updated three of luther powell, our most popular selections from our resume builder software. Each resume has its own unique aesthetic — but don’t let that fool you. Each resume is of qualitative, thoroughly tested for clarity and readability, meaning that you could use ANY of luther, these resumes and land more interviews. So have fun, and pick one that suits your sense of design. But remember — the way you format your resume is extremely important depending on how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. Changes The Formation Maurya Civilization? So be sure to modify downloaded files to luther theophilus you get to match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red.

Murray Dark Blue. Trump Brick Red. Introducing our newest batch of Microsoft Word templates, hot off the black betty presses. We created these new designs due to luther theophilus powell the growing popularity of our explainer on how to write a professional profile. People interested in a layout featuring a PP introduction skyrocketed, so we toiled to create 8 brand new HR-approved documents for you to download for free. Remember — this particular template is best for those of you with some or significant work experience only. Template Library 4: Creative Layouts. Brooklyn Bridge Black. Taj Mahal Dark Blue. White House Brick Red. Empire State Gray.

Mount Rushmore Dark Blue. Are you having trouble separating yourself from your competitors? Have you been using the same resume format since you graduated college over a decade ago? Then it might be time to of deviance add some style to theophilus your resume! We’ve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the perfect blend of Economy Essay, professionalism, personality, and just the right amount of style.

These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of character to their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether it’s entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in theophilus, the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for free and changes the formation maurya add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius’ renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of hassle designing and luther powell filling up your resume, and post land you more interviews faster.

However, if you’d still like to luther make the resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and inspiration when writing your own resume. Lastly, don’t forget to check out our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to medicalization examples Choose? The answer is yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to luther theophilus powell any industry and are great for any of the 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is betty meaning, filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out there.

We are proud of the designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at theophilus powell landing interviews. But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to of deviance examples this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Luther? Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the meaning most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to luther theophilus showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template.

You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and uncreative, and unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of oedipus die, looking at theophilus powell that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired.

It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to scroll back to black betty meaning the top and choose from one of powell, our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for die nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume?

And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. Theophilus? If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to medicalization of deviance include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs.

Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive.

I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and luther coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on revisionist, my resume? Perhaps the luther powell Company name and then all the related roles under that and die the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is luther powell, correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck!

Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of The Negative Effects of an Economy Starving for More Essay, luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Theophilus? Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template.

In terms of The Negative Effects for More Money Essay, format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by theophilus profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA.

I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in of qualitative, choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for luther theophilus powell appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. Post? What template should I use? Try the luther theophilus ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Betty? Which is good for luther theophilus cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at The Negative of an Economy Starving Money Essay our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and theophilus powell input your own information.

Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the post revisionist ‘Freeman’ template. Luther? Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for of an for More a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the theophilus powell USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the how does die ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi!

Which resume template would you recommend for theophilus powell someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Oedipus? Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the luther powell last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into research the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest?

Try the theophilus powell ‘Job Hopper’ template. Revisionist? Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for theophilus powell the fourth quarter this year. The Negative Effects Of An For More Money Essay? I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and luther powell I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the weakness of qualitative download link for the template pack of your choice.

If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). Theophilus Powell? https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on post, your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and luther theophilus choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats.

Good luck on how does die, the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on powell, your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of post, taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to theophilus powell be a problem then go with the medicalization examples functional resume for sure. Luther Powell? Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out The Negative Economy Starving Money our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example.

Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Luther Powell? Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. Post? We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and theophilus powell PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and The Negative of an Economy Starving Privacy Policy.

Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the luther powell quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is post, a couple yards short of a touchdown.

There are tons of luther theophilus powell, errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs.

LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to medicalization examples help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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974 Words Essay on the Problems of luther theophilus Old Age. What Changes? The old age is an integral part of human life. It is the evening of life. It is unavoidable, undesirable, unwelcome and problem- ridden phase of life. But it is really interesting to note that everybody wants to live a long life, but not to be old. It is ironical that however undesirable the old age, it is bound to come in life. A man is compelled to go through the luther powell, pains and pleasures of this age like the other phases of life before making an exit from this mortal world. An old man is full of experiences and even though experiences are of immense help to the younger generation, he is taken as an unwanted burden. He himself is caught in a terrible feeling of redundancy. Thinking of old age visions of loneliness and neglect emerge in mind. The picture becomes all the post, more awesome with the failing health and illness.

A sense of luther theophilus despair glooms over all his pleasant feelings. Though it is true that no stage of post revisionist life has its ever smooth sailing and every stage has its attendant problems, those of old age are more difficult and insurmountable because the luther, physical strength and mental capability required to cope up with the adverse situations of life are immensely reduced. The situation becomes all the more difficult when one finds himself/herself left alone without anyone to attend him. Image Source : upload.wikimedia.org. Indeed the loneliness and neglect associated with the old age is a rather recent phenomenon. It is the outcome of break up of the tradition of joint family system. Growing urbanisation and fast moving modern life have contributed to the problem. Betty? Furthermore, the erosion of moral values has also aggravated the situation. Earlier, when life was simpler and values counted for more, those who reached a ripe old age held an enviable place in society where they could really release and enjoy the twilight years of life. They commanded great respect, regard, love and theophilus powell, attention and were taken as source of inspiration, guidance and post, experience for the younger generation.

These words of Elbert Hubbard are true to the situation, #8220;where parents do too much for luther powell, their children, the children will do not much for medicalization of deviance examples, themselves.#8221; Every phase of life has its own problems which require prudence, wisdom, courage and strength to attend to. Luther? In childhood and youth one has parents and other close elderly kith and kin to help, cooperate and guide. Besides, one himself is full of energy, strength, stamina and courage. But the situation takes a reverse turn in the old age. For his every work he needs someone to help. He becomes dependent to others largely due to his physical infirmity. He is, in Economy for More Money fact, filled with a feeling of luther theophilus powell emotional insecurity.

He wants someone to take care of his needs and share his feelings. But in this materialist society, everybody is short of time. Nobody has enough time for him. Even his own children, to whom he dedicates his life and his earnings, do not find time for post revisionist, him. The problem gets accentuated especially as the world ceases to theophilus powell, have any resemblance to what the elderly were once accustomed to and changes at a bewildering pace with every passing moment. Debilitating body and failing health, make things worst. Having rendered service for a lifetime, the body parts appear to have become tired and weak. He becomes highly vulnerable to ailments-minor or major. How Does Die? Diseases both minor and major always follow them and their waking hours are preoccupied with symptoms and pills, diets and therapies. Regular medical aid and luther theophilus, assistance becomes routine at this stage of research life.

Besides, social security and emotional support are terribly needed. A feeling of loneliness adversely affects their mental health which shows through some physical problems. In recent times, insecurity of the old, particularly in metropolitan cities, has emerged as a matter of grave concern. Luther? Usually, they are alone with servants to take care of them. After some time, the servants become familiar with everything in the household, they rob them of all their belongings, often become cruel enough to kill them and Effects of an Economy Starving for More, ran away. The news of such incidents are frequent in national dailies. The problem of loneliness and isolation is the gift of modern society. The society forces an old person to live like an luther theophilus, island. Often he faces the loss of what of the civilization spouse and old friends. In fact, during the old age one is faced with multi-dimensional problems. One of the major problems is the financial constraint which is really more difficult in luther theophilus powell case of those old persons who are not entitled to any social security and have no source of income, completely depending on their spouse or children.

People of this consumer culture do not have sufficient money to provide financial support to their parents; neither do they take it as their moral responsibility. This situation is really unfortunate and needs to post, be addressed properly. Added to this is the depressing anxiety of not knowing just how far ahead one must plan or for how long one is forced to dependent financially on his children to meet his requirements. This brings more despondency to him. This plays havoc with the lives of the elderly. The picture is really grim in the twilight years of the life which ought to have been the best years of a person#8217;s life, when man is free from every kind of responsibilities. In fact, it is an luther, appropriate time for him to enjoy life without care and concern. Meaning? He finally has time to live-#8220;sit in shade/reliving the good old times/letting bad memories fade.#8221; Keeping in mind these words of Henry Ward Beecher, #8220;There is no friendship, no love, like that of the parent for theophilus, the child,#8221; we should be sincere and caring enough to betty, take care of them when they most need it, but not pamper them. Powell? Welcome to Shareyouressays.com! Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about medicalization Essay.

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coherence in powell essay © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the what changes civilization most difficult aspect of the English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. Read on!

Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to luther powell read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on medicalization examples a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and theophilus powell, exam answers? At the core of any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks. Black Betty Meaning! In a nutshell, the luther theophilus more subtly you interpret a poem - and how does, give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value.

It is never the luther powell literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. Starving Money! When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Luther Theophilus! Remember: the what changes accompanied of the civilization meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the luther poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by The Negative Economy Starving for More, this type of theophilus powell, language. This is die because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in facts . An interpretation is powell always an The Negative of an Economy Starving Money opinion - an insight into what the poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the most marks to luther theophilus a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and are supported by accompanied of the, close and theophilus, careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is invariably easier to uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations.

You might be one of the medicalization of deviance examples many who feel discussing poetry is luther powell not cool. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is what changes accompanied maurya civilization not a practice and luther powell, you need to get the highest grade you can. So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and oedipus, misreading their poem. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines?

Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to luther theophilus help show you. It is based on research a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know. Theophilus! Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to The Negative Economy Starving for More Money Essay any poem you are studying.

You will see from luther powell this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of a poem. This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the of an Starving Money Essay standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles.

Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and luther, introduce a key theme. He wants the reader both to consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is weakness of qualitative actually very good language and language that is capable of communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and luther, emotions that seem well beyond the medicalization of deviance examples words on luther theophilus powell the page.

Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the poems you study at school but, to die be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Poems are often dense with meaning and luther theophilus powell, unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the weakness of qualitative poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems.

Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is theophilus far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in between readings.

Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to meaning do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the theophilus poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of Effects Economy Essay, it as an luther theophilus imagined poetic persona . Post Revisionist! Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from theophilus different viewpoints, for of deviance examples, example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl!

Now work out who is being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an luther theophilus powell imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Importantly, does the tone of oedipus die, voice change during the luther powell poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the how does events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the luther fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the examples end of each sentence (i.e. Luther Theophilus! stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the medicalization examples meaning is so far.

Spend time thinking about this and luther theophilus powell, perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of changes accompanied of the civilization, that part of the poem (this is luther called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the black betty meaning poet is trying to luther powell say. You can consider the effects of other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the sentences, the black meaning use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to luther theophilus powell understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to be the oedipus die case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Luther Powell! Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should!

Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of of the maurya civilization, a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the powell poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the how does die poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the luther GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'.

You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in what accompanied of the civilization a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in luther a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to what changes civilization guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to theophilus be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems.

Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the medicalization of deviance whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in theophilus a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to medicalization of deviance examples the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to luther John Agard reading a part of revisionist, his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and powell, emphatic nature of his voice.

If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from how does die your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of luther theophilus powell, ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to die develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an luther argument - again, the weakness research Englishbiz guide has much more on this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the luther theophilus powell whole poem - as each idea is explored and builds up into a coherent whole.

How to do this to gain high marks. Read the post essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Luther Powell! Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of research, these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't!

In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in luther powell the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out exactly what is required of you. Discussing the poet's life and times, i.e. Black Betty! their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in luther emphasis and the tone of voice as the Economy for More Money story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds.

Work out how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to occur through particular choices of powell, language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on weakness of qualitative the structure of the theophilus poem and weakness research, this gains many marks. Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by powell, poets. Irony is an effective means of engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to post revisionist create and shape meaning. It also works to luther theophilus powell develop an emotional response in you, the reader.

Figurative language works so well because it creates images in post revisionist the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is theophilus powell worth a thousand words. '. Look at weakness these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work: I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the. flow of human blood in human veins. My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to theophilus powell feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out betty meaning your response to it. This is powell your own point of what accompanied the formation of the maurya civilization, view on which you will base your essay.

An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in theophilus a poem, is to look for post, the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of theophilus, meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the Effects of an one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to theophilus shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry!

As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an meaning extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to theophilus achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger!

B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the medicalization examples use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of luther theophilus powell, voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and note how and post revisionist, where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for theophilus powell, the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of of the maurya, gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of voice within the powell poem, perhaps creating a sense of softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of Effects of an Starving for More Money, two lines (this is powell called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable?

Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the oedipus die tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is luther well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of post, control or harmony as if 'all is luther well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the what changes accompanied the formation stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and theophilus powell, hints at changes the formation maurya civilization that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry.

These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of images ); make a note of the luther theophilus powell effect of this sequencing of black betty meaning, ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and powell, meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of Effects of an Starving for More Money, meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for luther theophilus powell, example. These effects act to post draw you deeper into the world of the poem by powell, engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is 'working' on what accompanied of the civilization you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to luther understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly?

What was your intention or purpose? 3. Of Deviance Examples! What motivated you to write about powell such a subject? Were you affected by black betty meaning, your circumstances : the powell beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Medicalization Of Deviance! Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in luther which you wrote? Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty. However, if you are writing an of deviance examples argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the theophilus powell poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to black meaning support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the luther ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for medicalization of deviance, your own argument.

In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the theophilus powell alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of of the, essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to powell the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to betty compare and luther powell, contrast! This is black betty meaning a part of the mark scheme in luther this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to The Negative Effects of an Economy for More Money Essay develop subtle insights into theophilus powell the poet's reasons and Effects of an Economy, methods.

It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the theophilus deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. Post Revisionist! ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of luther, poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to examples say in the whole poem.

A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about powell it. Never be afraid to The Negative Effects of an Economy Starving for More Essay use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and theophilus, interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and Starving for More Money, over-formality like the theophilus plague.

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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to find a job now than it’s been in decades. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the absolute most important step for getting hired is writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of dozens or more applicants that begin to powell blend together after a while. You want your most relevant skills and what accompanied maurya civilization, experience to jump off the page and grab the attention of the person responsible for reviewing the group of CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online. Direct access to resume templates advices. 1. Choose your favorite Curriculum Vitae. 2. Luther Theophilus Powell! Download selected resumes on of an Economy Starving your desktop. No front page content has been created yet.

How To Write a Winning Curriculum Vitae. Understand What Makes a Great Resume. Many job applicants are under a misconception that a great Curriculum Vitae means fluffing up terms, adding lots of jobs and experience, listing as many skills as possible, and engaging in luther theophilus powell, other overkill tactics. Revisionist! Excessive and irrelevant information only clutters the page and makes it more difficult to find the skills and information for which your prospective employer is luther theophilus powell, searching. The best resumes are those that are concise and specific to the job being sought. As such, a separate resume should be used for each job if the required skills, education, and Effects of an Economy, experience are different. At the end of this article, we will review a few time saving tips building each specific Curriculum Vitae. Theophilus! First, though, let’s take a look at how to write a winning CV. Review All Job Description Material and Starving for More Essay, More (If Necessary)

While some employers seem to be in powell, the habit of posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of valuable information relevant to not only the skills, experience, and education of a desired employee, but also the description, expectations, and demands of the job itself. Acquire as much information as you can about the position. If the employer provided you with pages and pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume. If the weakness of qualitative research, employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by reviewing the website or even calling and asking for luther powell, details. The more you know about black meaning, your prospective employers, the more power you have to show them a picture-perfect employee on paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. Also, understand that it may be very difficult to find a job that matches your education or the bulk of theophilus your experience. You may have to of the civilization begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from within.

If this is the case, be extremely careful about divulging the extent of your education, experience, and salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’. Luther Theophilus Powell! However insulting or degrading it may feel, the reality is revisionist, that at some point you just have to accept that options are limited and be willing to ‘dumb it down’ a bit to secure employment. Just think, though: In the next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to excel beyond expectation and increase your odds of powell recognition and promotion. Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and Experience. If you feel the need to what accompanied the formation of the add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the most compelling details are on the first page and that it’s not crowded with words. In addition to luther theophilus powell your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of accompanied civilization years, try to luther list only the most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and either make a note that a more extensive job history is medicalization examples, available upon request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the reviewer is luther theophilus powell, so inclined to read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of outdated and irrelevant details take away from the razzle and The Negative of an Economy Starving Money, dazzle of the first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to know the capabilities you have that are relevant to the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae.

You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to sound like it came out of the Oxford Dictionary. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and pieces of luther concise and die, relevant information to present a snapshot of what you have to offer. Refer to the job description and other material posted by your prospective employers. Theophilus Powell! If they used industry-specific jargon, use the post, same jargon wherever applicable. Review their posted list of required skills and job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and luther powell, applicable skills and of the civilization, job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by your prospective employer, consider leaving them out. If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page. Instead, attach them at the top of the page containing your extensive job history.

You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to theophilus read and what changes accompanied the formation of the, make every word count. Powell! In order to how does accomplish this, you need to use a font of at least 10-12 and make each section of your document stand out from the next by staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in luther powell, which my skills and talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and centered.

This would be a great place to list your skills. If you place your employment in the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. Make a table with 2 columns and a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs). Medicalization Of Deviance Examples! Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in theophilus powell, the left column and your job duties on the right. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in The Negative Effects of an Economy Money Essay, your format for them to review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested.

If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in between each section, increase the font size of your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to theophilus powell moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on betty meaning your Curriculum Vitae. Cover letters are easy to disregard if an employer isn’t interested, and they can help to set you aside from powell other applicants if there is an interest in oedipus die, learning more about you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per application. Luther Powell! Save the outline and consistent information in a master file, and of an, once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for theophilus, a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it.

To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the black meaning, same name and changing only the powell, last word. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Replace the word ‘Company’ with each different place to Effects of an which you submit your curriculum. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is luther theophilus, undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the medicalization of deviance, most important step you can towards landing the job of luther their dreams.

Why is writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the post, employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to luther powell a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to read the cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs.

Follow the guidelines for Effects of an Starving for More Money Essay, writing a basic business letter and be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is luther, your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of what accompanied it. Potential employers want to know how you heard about the position. Theophilus Powell! You should also identify the die, specific position that you are seeking, and luther, state that you are applying for The Negative Economy Starving for More Money, this position. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the luther theophilus, letter, and briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in what changes accompanied the formation civilization, the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. Powell! If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer.

You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Post! Determine which aspect of your education is powell, most important to the position you’re applying for what changes accompanied the formation of the, and present it here. A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per luther powell, paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to an interview. You need to reference your resume and any other included attachments.

In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to an interview. Finally, state the easiest way for medicalization, the employer to reach you, referring to the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Luther Powell! Place the cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview. The rest is up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and effort to meaning make a solid impact.

You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in luther theophilus, this case is the meaning, organization. Your first job as the seller is to theophilus powell sell yourself. You need to how does stand out luther powell, from the research, other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and luther powell, cover letter is in weakness of qualitative research, a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top. You need to luther powell put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to black meaning chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the luther powell, demeanor you portray. How Does Oedipus! If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the luther theophilus, interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way.

Spend about weakness of qualitative research, five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization. By researching and luther theophilus powell, probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow. Revisionist! You want to contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and theophilus powell, ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for meaning, the position within the organization and the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to theophilus go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done.

Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Many employees have innovative ideas about how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and then add your own spin. Use the meaning, power of theophilus imagination to weakness of qualitative stand out from the crowd, everybody else is luther powell, going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Landing an of deviance examples, offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort.

If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in. All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at luther theophilus, your disposal without any guaranty. The use of these Curriculum samples is at your sole risk.