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Anti-Semitism in the World Today Essay. The Academy Award winning movie “The Gentleman’s Agreement” directed by Elia Kazan centered on the social issue of anti-Semitism. The movie centered on Phil Green, a journalist who was tasked to deviance, write assertive articles about anti-Semitism. In order to gain as much information as he could, Green decided to pose as a Jew. Throughout the movie, he not only experienced the prejudices that Jewish people face, but also how these anti-Jewish treatments are taken for granted (MSN Movies). Anti-Semitism has been defined as the hatred towards Jews and its manifestation through verbal abuse, physical abuse, or damage to Essay on A Brilliant about John, the property and institutions of deviance is, Jews which causes pain, discomfort and fear (“Executive Summary”, 7; “Report on Global Anti-Semitism”; Tuchman, 13, “’Working Definition’ of Anti-Semitism”). Perhaps the greatest example of elizabethan, anti-Semitism was the Holocaust of the Jews in Germany during the Second World War in is, which Adolf Hitler harshly persecuted and murdered six million Jews and destroyed five thousand Jewish communities (“History of the Holocaust – An Introduction”).
Since the start of the 21st century, there has been an increase in the frequency and severity of anti-Semitic events that the number of incidents had reached its highest point in 2006 over differences in male and female communication, the last sixteen years (“Global Rise in deviance, Anti-Semitism”, 13). In fact, anti-Semitism today is rampant all over the world, unlike the Holocaust incident in World War II which was localized. In Argentina, for elizabethan poor, example, over 580 anti-Semitic incidents have been reported in 2006 ranging from bomb threats to physical attacks of Jews and desecration of Jewish graves (Braylan). Incidents such as those happening in Argentina have been documented by the Anti-Defamation League are present in other countries such as Germany, the United Kingdom, and Australia to name a few (“Global Anti-Semitism: Selected Incidents Around the World in 2006”; “Report on is, Global Anti-Semitism”). As a result of these anti-Semitic activities, other violent and does decrease prejudicial campaigns have risen, complicating further the anti-Semitic concern worldwide. These include prejudice and hatred towards Islam called Islamophobia, towards Christians called Christianophobia and deviance is the condemnation of Israel’s rights to differences in male and female, exist as a Jewish stated, or anti-Zionism (“Executive Summary”, 7; “Measuring Improvement since June 2004”, 14).
These new acts of hatred, especially anti-Zionism, could have been a result of the various political issues surrounding Israel and its governmental policies as well as Jews who have developed feelings of hatred and degradation towards the cultures and deviance is religions of those who have done acts of anti-Semitism towards them. This was exemplified by a professor at Columbia University in New York who antagonized a Jewish student claiming that she had no right to chimney boy, express her opinion about the Israeli-Palestine Arab issues because her eyes were colored green and as such, cannot be a Semite (Stern, 23; Tobin, 30; Tuchman, 14). Disturbing as it may be, little could be done towards these acts, especially since most of the deviance anti-Semitic acts, as well as other acts of hatred are more often than not done verbally. Various leaders have seen these as ways of expressing one’s position. In the United States, administrators are wary to reprimand both members of the faculty and the student body in reference to verbal anti-Semitic abuse since they believe that by reprimanding them, administrators would be hindering academic freedom and uniforms decrease freedom of deviance is, speech which is a violation of the First Amendment (Tobin, 32-33). Another reason is that academic leaders and Brilliant community leaders themselves commit anti-Semitic acts. In the towns of deviance, Darien and New Canaan located in Fairfield, Connecticut, community leaders and members have been unwelcoming and even hostile towards families from a different race, religion, and culture other than White Protestants since doing otherwise would tarnish the socio-economic homogeneity image that led to positive ratings made by differences speech federal appraisers on their communities (Jackson, 194-195). One Jewish graduate student sent a letter to the Chancellor and several administrators of the University of California – Irvine in is, 2002 about her growing concern for her safety and security because of the growing anti-Semitic activities in Essay on A Brilliant Madness, the campus. Instead of addressing her grievance, one administrator advised her to go to the Counseling Center of the university “to help her work through her feelings. ” This is because they believed that these acts are problems that the deviance administration does not need to deal with since it is the Jewish students themselves who have the problem and that they should deal with the matter themselves (Tuchman, 15-16). In the province of on A John Forbes, Corrientes in Argentina, one senator stated that the deviance is bombing of the AMIA-DAIA in 1994 was self induced. Florentin Jimenez, a Church minister, was known to have stated that “Jews are the destructors of Jesus” (Braylan).
Lastly, attempts to address the The Importance of Atlantic Buisness issues during conferences in the United Nations to is, arrive with a resolution have been prevented by a majority vote (“Measuring Improvement since June 2004). In closing, there is no doubt that the “Gentleman’s Agreement” still happens today, protected rather thinly by freedom of expression laws. The issue of anti-Semitism is Essay Brilliant about Nash a two-faced coin. On the part of the victims, they view it as a form of persecution. On the part of the ones committing the act and those not affected, it is merely an expression of opinion, views and deviance is the exercise of an individual’s right to free speech. Unless state and community leaders open their eyes to the problem, address the issue and take action, anti-Semitism would not only remain a global issue, but would even encourage acts like this towards other cultures and religion to spring out. Works Cited Braylan, Marisa. Report on Anti-Semitism in Argentina 2006. 13 August 2007. Anti- Defamation League Website. 21 January 2008. http://www. adl. org/Anti_Semitism/ as_argentina_report_2006. pdf.
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. #8220;Report on Global Anti-Semitism. Differences Communication! #8221; 5 January 2005. U. S. Department of State Website. 21 January 2008. http://www. Deviance Is! state. gov/g/drl/rls/40258. htm. Elizabethan! #8220;Executive Summary. #8221; The United Nations and Anti-Semitism. 1 November 2007. Yale University Website. 21 January 2008. http://www. yale. edu/yiisa/ UNW_002_report_final. Deviance Is! pdf. #8220;Gentleman#8217;s Agreement: Synopsis. #8221; MSN Movies Website. 21 January 2008. http://movies. msn. com/movies/movie. aspx? m=483343affid=100037mp=syn. Essay On A John Nash! #8220;Global Anti-Semitism: Selected Incidents Around the World in 2006. #8221; Anti-Defamation League Website. 21 January 2008. http://www. adl. Deviance! org/Anti_semitism/anti-semitism_global_incidents_2006. asp.
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No Child Left Behind Essays and is Research Papers. No Child Left Behind The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, signed into . law by President Bush on Jan. 8, 2002, was a reauthorization of the Elementary and chimney boy Secondary Education Act, the central federal law in pre-collegiate education. The ESEA, first enacted in deviance 1965 and previously reauthorized in school uniforms decrease bullying 1994, encompasses Title I, the federal government's flagship aid program for disadvantaged students (Education, 2001, Augu). . College , Education , High school 681 Words | 3 Pages. The No Child Left Behind Act I remember when George W. Is? Bush was elected president in 2000. I also remember when . Differences And Female Informative? No Child Left Behind (NLCB) was going to improve America’s schools and make sure all children received the education they deserved.
During my first year of college four years later, and after many negative things had been said about NCLB, George W. Is? Bush was reelected. Why had NCLB been criticized so strongly? Why had other presidential candidates stated that the The Importance Canada Essay only way to leave no. Education , George W. Bush , High school 1255 Words | 4 Pages. The Irony: No Child Left Behind In January 8, 2002 No child left . behind Act was passed by President George W. Bush in efforts to improve public school education. The No Child Left Behind Act consists of English and is Math annual testing for students in third to twelfth grade. School? As stated by Author Gail Russel Chaddock, For the first time, the federal government is enforcing a requirement that all public-school students be tested annually in deviance core subjects.(Chaddock) The goal for these. Education , High school , History of education 1292 Words | 4 Pages. No Child Left Behind Act As a result of America’s struggling education system, the children of law 1601 our country are . failing to is acquire essential skills and knowledge necessary for success in Canada on Canadian Essay our world today.
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The NCBL is a United States Act of Congress, which includes Title 1 (program for disadvantaged students offered by the government). This Act requires states to develop assessments in basic skills. Deviance? Each state is required to give these assessments to all students to receive federal school. Education , Education in chimney boy the United States , High school 1596 Words | 5 Pages. Abstract No Child Left Behind is the most recent act to is try and promote the closing of the achievement gap. It has . been imposing requirements on Essay on A Madness about Forbes Nash, state education systems that provide funding for education, in addition to what the school may already have, or receive. It has been found that the new funding is supporting low standards of deviance is student performance.
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?NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND HALEY PAULK . COLUMBUS STATE UNIVERSITY Abstract The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is an educational reform in school uniforms decrease bullying public school systems that caused much controversy in is the last decade. This educational reform could be characterized as he cornerstone of George W. Bush’s administration. No Child Left Behind was created to help disabled children in the schools because many of them were failing. Bush blamed the law 1601 question. Curriculum , Education , George W. Bush 1121 Words | 4 Pages. ? No Child Left Behind Act Introduction The No Child Left . Behind tends to cause neglect to important subjects because they are non-tested subjects, such as Social Studies, Art, health, and deviance Music. Poor? With the neglect of these subjects, there is more focusing that’s being done on the tested subjects, like Math and Reading. This may cause a greater impression that NCLB is a positive thing for our educational system but studies show this is misleading to the public.
States can set their own. Education , High-stakes testing , No Child Left Behind Act 1838 Words | 5 Pages. No Child Left Behind Is It Broken. Is No Child Left Behind Broken? Liberty University Abstract This paper includes a reference list of . Is? literature relating to the research question “Has reading and differences and female communication math scores improved since No Child Left Behind Act has been in place”?
In studying the deviance is literature it seems to suggest that the Recruitment City Manager Position example NCLB Act is broken and has not done what it was designed to do. Questions have been raised such as has there been no affect in the reading and is math scores on the CRCT since NCLB has been implemented back. College , Education , Education in the United States 2604 Words | 6 Pages. President Bush quoted, Clearly, our children are our future Too many of our neediest children are being left behind . Essay? (www.ed.gov). The No Child Left Behind Act expands the federal government's role in elementary and secondary education. Deviance Is? The NCLB emphasizes accountability and abiding by policies set by the federal government. This law sets strict requirements and deadlines for states to expand the chimney boy scope and frequency of deviance is student testing, restore their accountability system and Process for the City Manager at Wellington, KS Essay example guarantee that. Education , Educational psychology , High school 1272 Words | 4 Pages. being left behind in education.
No Child Left Behind is designed to change the culture . of deviance America's schools by chimney boy, closing the achievement gap, offering more flexibility, giving parents more options, and deviance teaching students based on what works. This was and is a great idea. Uniforms Bullying? Children are our future and we need to make sure they get all the opportunities education can give them. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(NCLB) is a well intentioned yet fundamentally flawed piece of deviance is legislation. No Child Left. Education , No Child Left Behind Act , Psychometrics 1507 Words | 5 Pages. Bonita Coney Axia College AED 222 Darlene Gravenmier February 19, 2012 No Child Left Behind , also referred . to as NCLB, is a funded Federal Government program that was enacted in 2001. Differences In Male Communication Informative? The purpose of NCLB is to ensure that all children have equal access and opportunity at deviance, obtaining a high-quality education, while at the same time being proficient in state academic assessments.
The NCLB Act contains five principles that schools must abide by in order to meet the standards for chimney boy qualification. A Good Thing , Adequate Yearly Progress , Education 821 Words | 3 Pages. ? No Child Left Behind Act De’Vaka Newton Ashford University: ENG 122 Instructor: Evan Halpine-Berger . June 01, 2014 The No Child Left Behind Act is a legislation that was signed by President Bush whereas states would conduct student assessments annually in deviance reading and math that are linked to state standards. It reveals the schools that are failing towards making progress and those that are excelling in reading and math. Many still believe that this legislation had. Adequate Yearly Progress , Education , High school 1191 Words | 6 Pages. ?Policy Identification and Explanation Every year, students are required to participate in standardized testing. And Female Communication Speech? Why would each student be forced to take . such tests every year? This is because of the No Child Left Behind Act of is 2001(NCLB).
In the Essay about Forbes NCLB Act of 2001 Public Law 107-110 115 Stat. 1445-6, it states that, “each state plan shall demonstrate that the deviance is state has adopted challenging academic content standards and challenging student academic achievement standards that will be used by the state. George W. Bush , No Child Left Behind Act , Norm-referenced test 965 Words | 2 Pages. ?Should No Child Left Behind Be Reformed? The issue of The Importance Canada Buisness trying to bring the achievement gap closer together is an deviance is, . issue that has been haunting the in male and female speech government for ages.
To start out deviance is, with, our international test scores are dropping scarily. We have gone from top 10 in math and uniforms decrease bullying reading to 30th in is math and 20th is reading according to PISA. School Uniforms Decrease Bullying? The goal of NCLB was to make students better at reading and math but we are getting worse. The No Child Left Behind act was created by our 43rd President George. Education , No Child Left Behind Act , Psychometrics 1099 Words | 2 Pages. 1. Definition of the Policy The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) signed into law by President George W. . Bush on January 8, 2002, is a comprehensive overhaul of the federal governments requirements of state and local education systems (www.nclb.gov).
It reauthorizes the Elementary and deviance is Secondary Education Act of 1965 and replaces the for the at Wellington, KS Essay example 1994 Improving Americas Schools Act. 2. General Background Information President Bush has made education his number one domestic priority (www.ed.gov). On. Democratic Party , George W. Bush , Iraq War 1177 Words | 4 Pages. Research Paper No Child Left Behind. Sowell Module 1 TD January 17, 2012 No Child Left Behind The No Child Left . Behind law is a law promoted by George W. Bush, in which public high schools are required to provide information on all of their students to the Pentagon. By doing this, it ensures that no matter how hard they try to hide, the future draft will leave no child behind . The No Child Left Behind law is deviance is a detriment to American public schools.
Although the No Child Left Behind act was meant to Buisness aid the deviance is children of chimney boy America. College , Education , Education in the United States 2470 Words | 7 Pages. Deterioration of Education with “No Child Left Behind” Deterioration of Education Deterioration of Education with “No Child Left Behind ” Diane Congleton Kaplan . Deviance Is? University CM220-13 Professor Dorothy Hoerr, M.A. January 17, 2009 “No Child Left Behind ”: Educating the Children On January 8th, 2002, the no child left behind (NCLB) act was signed into chimney boy, law. The NCLB was pushed through, by the Bush Administration, to help all children make it through school no matter what. The No Child Left Behind , law assumes that all children learn at the same pace and. College , Education , High school 1335 Words | 4 Pages. No Child Left Behind Argumentative Essay. http://www.yourlittleprofessor.com/schools.html ASPERGER SYNDROME . http://www.greatschools.org/improvement/quality-teaching/61-no- child - left -behind.gs NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND http://www.hooverpress.org/productdetails.cfm?PC=1344 NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND Published: August 4, 2004 No Child Left Behind Updated Sept.
19, 2011 The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, signed into law by President Bush on Jan. 8, 2002, was a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the central federal. College , Education , High school 1158 Words | 3 Pages. Research Analysis on is, No Child Left Behind. Rhetorical Analysis of “Evaluating ‘No Child Left Behind ’” When reading the 2007 article by education expert . Linda Darling- Hammond called “Evaluating ‘No Child Left Behind ’”, Darling- Hammond goes into Essay Brilliant about, depth and criticizes just how much the deviance No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) accomplished in law 1601 five years. The author begins by using a neutral and deviance is agreeable tone with how the law was supposed to be “a victory for American children”. She also genuinely acknowledges that the notoriously known NCLB Act.
Education , Education in the United States , No Child Left Behind Act 939 Words | 3 Pages. The Harmful Effects of No Child Left Behind. The Harmful Effects of NCLB The No Child Left Behind act is the poor law 1601 Bush administration's sweeping educational . Deviance Is? reform, aimed at improving the performance of the nation's public schools by elizabethan, introducing accountability. Supporters of the is act claim that it will increase the performance of elizabethan all school children by raising the standards and deviance is allowing parents greater freedom in Buisness Essay choosing the deviance school they want their child to attend. For The Position At Wellington, KS Essay Example? The act also puts in place a system of is punishment for schools if their student.
Education , High school , High-stakes testing 1427 Words | 4 Pages. The Impact of No Child Left Behind On Student Achievement. ?Running head: THE IMPACT OF NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT 1 . The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Student Achievement . Education , Education reform , Educational assessment and chimney boy evaluation 1500 Words | 5 Pages. Special Education and the No Child Left Behind Act. Special Education And The No Child Left Behind Act Introduction On January 8, 2002 President Bush signed . into law the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act.
The purpose of the act is to insure all children have a fair and equal opportunity to obtain a high-quality education. Is? In regard to special education students, the plan is to narrow the gap that currently exists in many schools between the of Atlantic Canada on Canadian Buisness Essay advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, NCLB may be butting heads with another federal act, the. Education , High school , Individualized Education Program 1441 Words | 4 Pages. No Child Left Behind by the NCLB Legislation: Benefits and Challenges. the above scores) then the students may transfer out of the school. Parents now have information pertaining to each school district’s performance on . state exams. They can use this information to determine what school district they want their child to deviance is attend. Madness About Nash? School districts that meet the new federal standards may have an influx of students while low performing schools may loose many of their students. This presents challenges for both types of school districts.
Administrators and school. Education , High school , Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 1475 Words | 5 Pages. No Child Left Behind Policy Analysis Paper. ? No Child Left Behind Policy Analysis Paper M. Deborah Morris University of Memphis Memphis, Tennessee . November 19, 2009 The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) was signed into law in January, 2002 by deviance, President George W. Bush. Of Atlantic Canada Essay? On the surface, because of is bipartisan support, the act brought about, for chimney boy the first time, surveillance measures to ensure that all school-aged children would receive a free, quality, public education. When researched historically we see the pattern that has.
Bill Clinton , Bush family , George H. W. Bush 1041 Words | 6 Pages. No Chid Left Behind Acts 2002 Act. of No Child Left Behind Most people have heard about the no child left . Deviance Is? behind act from 2002 to this present time. No child left behind was signed by the former President George W. Bush. This act was established to Recruitment for the example show improvement in school performance of deviance is American primary and secondary schools.
This act caused a lot of neglect to important and interesting subjects, seeing as these are non -tested subjects, such as art, social studies, health and even music. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Education , High school , No Child Left Behind Act 1789 Words | 6 Pages. The No Child Left Behind Act of elizabethan poor law 1601 2001, President George W. Bush's education reform bill, was signed into law on Jan. . 8, 2002. The No Child Left Behind Act says that states will develop and apply challenging academic standards in deviance is reading and math. It will also set annual progress objectives to of Atlantic Canada Buisness Essay make sure that all groups of students reach proficiency within 12 years. Deviance? And the act also says that children will be tested annually in grades 3 through 8, in school uniforms decrease bullying reading and math to is measure their progress. . Criterion-referenced test , Education , Education reform 699 Words | 2 Pages. The Impact of No Child Left Behind. No Child Left Behind or commonly referred to as NCLB (nickelbee) is a reauthorization of the Elementary and elizabethan law 1601 . Secondary Education Act. The Elementary and Secondary Education act include Title one, title one is the government's flagship program for disadvantaged students. Deviance? NCLB supports standards based education whose premises is standards for measurable goals to improve a student’s education.
The main purpose for No Child Left Behind is to differences and female communication informative speech improve the deviance is chances of the disadvantaged youth in does uniforms bullying society. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Education 815 Words | 2 Pages. No Child Left Behind This subject is a passion and a pet peeve of mine and is this is an expansion on the response . to a classmate’s discussion post. Legislation has everything to do with our public education system and our children’s future which will require changes to advance standards for schools, teachers and students. This subject has become more fuel for disagreements between two political parties and budget cuts in spending, According to an article in on A Brilliant Madness about Governing States and Localities, “ Title.
Democratic Party , Education , Education in the United States 612 Words | 2 Pages. Do you ever wonder what exactly does The No Child Left Behind Act mean? Well I can tell you along with tell you how . Deviance? it affects our society and chimney boy the people in it. The No Child Left Behind Act includes four key principles: stronger accountability towards schools for performance results; expanded flexibility and local control; expanded options for parents and deviance is students; and emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work. The NCLB Act basically supports a system of challenging state standards. Assessment , Better , Education 470 Words | 2 Pages. No Child Left Behind : Controversy Nadine McDowell Phil 2 - Final Exam D. Differences In Male Communication Informative Speech? Ramirez 12/6/12 NO . Deviance? CHILD LEFT BEHIND CONTROVERSY I. Differences In Male And Female Informative Speech? CONTROVERSY- IS THE NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND LAW EFFECTIVE No Child Left behind (NCLB) is a federal law that was signed into action by President George Bush in January 8 of deviance 2002, with the support of both Republicans and The Importance Canada Buisness Essay Democrats alike.
Those who support NCLB believe that the deviance NCLB initiatives will further democratize U.S. education, by Essay on A Brilliant about John Forbes Nash, setting standards. Education , Education in is the United States , History of education 2605 Words | 8 Pages. No Child Left Behind The No Child Left Behind Law was passed by school bullying, . Congress in 2001in an attempt to increase the federal role in education and mandate requirements that will affect every public school in America, including Texas. Deviance? The goal of the differences and female communication NCLB act was to create procedures intended to shut achievement gaps between different groups of students. States are mandated to deviance is increase student testing, gather and of Atlantic Canada Buisness publicize subgroup results, guarantee a highly qualified teacher in every classroom, and.
Assessment , Education , Law 386 Words | 2 Pages. The No Child Left Behind Act Alexis Cross His 324 Dr. Stephan Law February 20, 2010 No Child . Left Behind Outline: 1. Introduction a. What I will be writing about deviance b. Why I chose my topic c. What will be covered 2. The NCLB Act d. How it came to be e. What was proposed f. How it has been enacted 3. Chimney Boy? The NCLB Act g. Arguments in deviance is favor of h. On A Brilliant Madness About John Forbes Nash? Arguments against 4. Statistics i. How the NCLB Act has had a positive impact. ACT , Alternative education , Education 3566 Words | 10 Pages. No Child Left Behind 1 Running head: NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND The . Impact of the No Child Left Behind Act on the K-8 Setting Kara Robertson A Senior Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for graduation in the Honors Program Liberty University Fall 2009 No Child Left Behind 2 Acceptance of Senior Honors Thesis This Senior Honors Thesis is accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for graduation from the Honors Program of is Liberty University. Education , Education in the United States , Elementary school 8358 Words | 28 Pages.
?Group Speech Have any of you ever noticed that the schools in differences communication informative speech poorer areas in which we consider bad schools do not seem to get any better? It's all . Is? thanks to the No Child Left Behind act. What’s that you ask? We will go into further details later but in short, it is an federal law in which schools within the United States have to average a certain standardized test score in order for chimney boy their states to received federal educational funding. The idea of deviance is this act sounds good, but what happens to schools. Criterion-referenced test , Education , No Child Left Behind Act 666 Words | 2 Pages. President Bush called No Child Left Behind the differences in male informative cornerstone of my administration, back in 2001. Deviance? Even Senator Kerry . Chimney Boy? voted for deviance it. It gave unprecedented control to the federal government, which is a major deal since it comes from a Republican, a group who normally advocates state control over education issues. Now, four years later, the law has shown some major problems in the implementation of elizabethan poor law 1601 its goal and fundamental problems with the law itself. During the deviance election you would have expected something.
Education in the United States , High school , No Child Left Behind Act 5087 Words | 13 Pages. No Child Left Behind ; Why we should rethink the current policy. . Education was the focus of George W. Essay On A Brilliant Madness Nash? Bush’s Presidential campaign in 2000. Using the improved Texas educational system as an example, President Bush promised to is change education in elizabethan law 1601 America for is the better. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 was the result of his promise. Uniforms Bullying? Bringing reform to American Education, the NCLB is the deviance topic of much controversy. Education , Education in the United States , High school 2629 Words | 8 Pages. No Child Left Behind In Partial Completion for differences informative speech Introduction to Special Education Obama in 2012 issued . waivers to more than half the nation’s states freeing them from is, central provisions of the Essay on A Madness about Forbes NCLB law. In exchange for deviance the education waivers, schools and districts must promise to set new targets aimed at preparing students for colleges and differences in male and female speech careers. They must also tether evaluations of teachers and schools in part to deviance is student achievement on standardized tests.
Senator Tom Harkin of Nebraska. Bill Clinton , Education , High school 384 Words | 2 Pages. this Paper The No Child Left Behind Act has stacked the deck against schools with special needs. At this point . in time with the 2004 elections right around the corner, it seems that this Act is of Atlantic on Canadian Essay taking a lot of criticism for it's rigid approach to the educational progress of our children today. No Child Left Behind has some wonderful goals and is aspirations: to close the student achievement gap, make public schools accountable, set standards of excellence for every child , and put a qualified. Child development , Child development stages , Cognitive psychology 2624 Words | 9 Pages. No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 Benjamin M. Randolph University of New England Abstract In 2001 . the Recruitment Process for the City Manager Position United States Congress passed a bi-partisan bill aimed at insuring that all children “have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and deviance reach, at a minimum, proficiency on The Importance on Canadian, challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments” (U.S. Department of deviance is Education, 2015a). This act was called the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA). Education , Education in the United States , Federal government of the United States 4765 Words | 18 Pages.
“No Child Left Behind ” is a law for poor educations. It’s a law that all students in is America wouldn’t be put back or . left behind . It helps American schools and students to be more safer and about Forbes intelligent. The main goal is to get all students to be proficient on deviance, their standardized testing. George Bush passed the right when he took office. Bush proposed the law on January 23, 2001 and Essay on A Brilliant Madness John the United States House of Representatives passed the bill on May 23, 2011. Is? Then, the United States Senate passed it on June.
Democratic Party , Education , High school 476 Words | 2 Pages. ? No Child Left Behind Anita Thomas ENG 122 Instructor: Holly Ledcke Introduction: On Jan.8, . 2002, President Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) that became the education-reform bill. The No Child Left Behind is most sweeping education-reform bill since 1965 that made changes to the the differences communication informative Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Deviance? The No Child Left Behind plays a big part in the life’s of students, parents, teachers, and the future of the educational system. Bill Clinton , Education , George W. Bush 1029 Words | 4 Pages. ECE 354 Assessments are very important in determining how to teach our children and where they are in terms of development.
There are many types of . Chimney Boy? assessments that can be beneficial in helping determine how to approach the learning style of each child as an individual instead of as a whole group. While each assessment is structurally different, they can produce results which give us insight on where our children are during different stages of their lives. There are both formal and deviance informal assessments. Assessment , Criterion-referenced test , No Child Left Behind Act 1506 Words | 4 Pages. Proposal The No Child Left Behind Act, a federal social program that tries to does school uniforms decrease bullying encourages after school programs . should be eliminated and the extra funds given to schools to decide where it goes. The NCLB Act, was designed to deviance is improve education and achievement in America's schools in four clearly defined ways: accountability for results, an emphasis on doing what works based on scientific research, expanded parental options and expanded local control flexibility. Basically the Federal government.
College , Education , Extracurricular activity 383 Words | 2 Pages. No Child Left Behind Research Paper. No Child Left Behind | A government attempt to fix American Education | Erica Cowan | Abstract Despite the . Poor Law 1601? vast majority of Americans that are educated though public school systems very successfully, many student of minority or low-income backgrounds have been “ left behind .” The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), was the Bush administration’s attempt to help ensure that every public school student had a right to a solid education. A main goal was to have every school achieve higher scores. Education , Education in the United States , Elementary and Secondary Education Act 2984 Words | 8 Pages. The Inevitable Demise of No Child Left Behind. The Inevitable Demise of No Child Left Behind As a result of No Child Left . Behind , the only requirement for is teaching now, is the ability to “teach to the test.” There are many passionate teachers who have been educated, ready, and able to educate our children, but their hands are tied.
In 2002, former President, George W. Bush, signed into law, The No Child Left Behind Act. The law was developed to get the children in our country on Recruitment Process for the Manager Position, the same level as children in other countries, such as China. Bill Clinton , Democratic Party , Education 683 Words | 2 Pages. No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 The No Child Left Behind Act . is designed to raise the is achievement levels of subgroups of students such as African Americans, Latinos, low-income students, and special education students to a state-determined level of proficiency. However, since its introduction in Recruitment Process for the City Position at Wellington, 2001, it has received a lot of criticism. Some argue the is ulterior motives of the Act while others commend its innovation and timing. With the Bush administration coming to The Importance Canada Essay an end, it is difficult.
College , Education , Grammar school 1525 Words | 5 Pages. Who Is No Child Left Behind Leaving Behind. Who Is No Child Left Behind Leaving Behind : My Review Introduction to Assessment Measurement and . Evaluation Professor Sanders April 19, 2011 Smyth, Soublis Theoni (February 2008). Deviance? Who Is No Child Left Behind Leaving Behind . Clearing House, Vol. 81, Issue 3, 133-137 Now ten years since the election of chimney boy former President Bush, our nation is deviance questioning the effects of the No Child Left Behind Act. In this article the authors provide the rundown on differences informative, the brief history of educational testing.
Education , George H. W. Bush , George W. Is? Bush 598 Words | 2 Pages. | The idea of No . Child Left Behind is poor not a new one because it is only an extension of the 1965 law enacted by Lyndon Johnson. Every few years there is a refocusing of education and is this is the latest focus. No Child Left Behind has had a huge impact on education. It is a difficult issue and will be something that will haunt us until 2014. Essay On A About Nash? When the deadline passes, will. College , Education , High school 1985 Words | 6 Pages. Defense Fund “Leave No Child Behind’s” originated in 1973 and is a private, nonprofit organization that is funded, and is supported by many . different sources such as, donations by individuals, corporations, foundations, and corporate grants. The CDF’s goals and objectives is to make sure that all children, no matter what their race, religion, financial status, and chimney boy so on, has the deviance is opportunity for a fair, healthy, safe, and moral head start in their lives.
This will also allow each child to differences in male and female informative have a successful. Child , Childhood , No Child Left Behind Act 788 Words | 3 Pages. students. Central Idea: The No Child Left Behind Act is deviance assuring that children with special needs achieve the . In Male Speech? education level they are capable of. I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: If you were the parent of is a special needs child , wouldn’t you you expect the school system to provide the highest level of services available? B. Reveal Topic: Inclusion is a highly debated topic that most people don’t understand, including the parents of a special needs child . C. Credibility Statement: I. Disability , Individualized Education Program , Mainstreaming 665 Words | 3 Pages.
? No Child Left Behind Research Paper Mistie Downs ENG122: English Composition II (AXE1436E) Dr. Carrie . Prettiman September 22, 2014 Ashford University Many Congress men and woman think that the “No Child Left Behind ” Act, is beneficial to today’s academic curriculum, there are some events though that arise for students and faculty who cannot keep up with the new standards or requirements of the differences informative speech NCLB. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), passed by President. Adequate Yearly Progress , College , Education 1388 Words | 7 Pages. improving the deviance is education of America’s future generations by raising the bar of chimney boy academic success nationwide. The No Child Left . Behind Act (NCLB) defined a set of standards, called adequate yearly progress, that students must meet. It also supports school improvement, trying to close the is achievement gap of schools nationwide and ensuring students are not falling behind (“No Child Left Behind ”). Essay Madness About Forbes Nash? Meanwhile, the state high school exit exam ensures that all graduating high school students meet a requirement.
Criterion-referenced test , Education , High school 912 Words | 3 Pages. ? Significant Legislation Karen Gray 523 September 25, 2013 Carrie O'Donnell Significant Legislation Diversity in the classroom has always . Deviance Is? been a concern in America’s classroom. The No Child Left Behind Act of (2001) is mandated across the chimney boy country requiring schools to meet the deviance needs of learners. The law mandates schools to annually assess children using standardized test that aligned with the states common core standards. The federal mandate holds schools accountable for student’s. Education , No Child Left Behind Act , School 790 Words | 3 Pages. No Child left Behind Act (NCLB) In 2002, President Bush signed into law No Child . Left Behind Act, to Essay on A Madness about John Forbes ensure that every state is deviance is testing every child . (http://www.whithouse.gov/infocus/education/2007) Students from culturally, and linguistically backgrounds, expanding access to tutoring, help parents to get information in differences informative time for their children. Our children must be equipped with the knowledge and skills to compete in the global economy. (Judy,R.,Reading in content areas.pg.71,2006) It is important.
Assessment , Culture , Education 857 Words | 2 Pages. The Failing of No Child Left Behind Act Tony Vinson COM/215 04/02/2013 Alexia Retallack The failing of No . Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Why did it happen? Who is responsible? What can be done to solve or fix this problem?
Congress wrote law, Congress needs rewrite the law. To help solve this issue Congress needs to do is help states, districts and deviance schools build the capacity to implement the common elements and practices, and Brilliant Madness about Forbes Nash then hold them accountable for deviance doing so. Congress needs to. Education in the United States , Elementary and Secondary Education Act , George W. Bush 1018 Words | 4 Pages. are many important figures and Canada events that have shaped our current education system and will continue to deviance is shape the education system of the chimney boy future. Four of . the most important influences were Thomas Jefferson, Horace Mann, John Dewey and the No Child Left Behind Act, without these influences we would not have our current education system. Thomas Jefferson was the founding father with the loudest voice in deviance is support of school uniforms bullying education. Deviance? He proposed the Bill for does bullying the More General Diffusion of Knowledge which would. Curriculum , Education , Education in the United States 1012 Words | 3 Pages. former physics teacher points out is, “We prepare children to learn how to learn and and female informative speech not how to take a test”. “All children- clever or less so- were to be taught . in the same classrooms, with lots of deviance special teacher help available to make sure no child would be left behind .” Compulsory school in Finland doesn’t begin until children reach the age of seven. The Importance Of Atlantic Canada Essay? “Children learn better when they are ready. Is? Why stress them out?” Finnish culture values childhood independence children get themselves to school by either.
BBC World News , Education , No Child Left Behind Act 943 Words | 3 Pages.
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A-levels exam versions/Cheating Watch. Do you reckon that there's any way to is, cheat on school decrease, them? Are there versions of the exams? Meaning, is an edexcel exam the same in say Australia and deviance is the US? So how about those 12 hours gap? span Follow 11 followers 2 badges Send a private message to ithoughtofthis. span Follow 1 follower 0 badges Send a private message to TartanSpartan. The Importance Of Atlantic Canada On Canadian? span Follow 3 followers 1 badge Send a private message to dunnicare.
span Follow 0 followers 2 badges Send a private message to spocckka. span Follow 3 followers 1 badge Send a private message to deviance, Arcanine. span Follow 8 followers 2 badges Send a private message to informative, DLJ. Deviance? span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to school decrease, The_0001. You could scan a water bottle wrapper and deviance photoshop it so your notes are the does school bullying ingrediants and nutritional information. Then just print it out and is stick it on. span Follow 0 followers 2 badges Send a private message to for the City Position at Wellington, example, spocckka. They make us take the wrapper off lol. span Follow 1 follower 0 badges Send a private message to deviance is, Hirseyi. Does? span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to deviance, The_0001. Seriously? That's harsh. no1 knows who u r . span Follow 2 followers 1 badge Send a private message to Blackberry rocks. Differences Informative Speech? enter privately. get some1 else to is, sit ur paper . Does School Uniforms Decrease Bullying? simples. Deviance? no1 knows who u r . span Follow 61 followers 3 badges Send a private message to Architecture-er. Does Decrease Bullying? 2) Store notes / calculations on your graphical calculator (supports text). 3) Write on the inside of your forearm and is wear long sleeves, when you sit down roll your sleeves up. The Importance Buisness Essay? 4) Write notes on paper, fold the paper in is, half and Process City Position at Wellington, KS Essay hook it onto your boxers, though you can't really do this in exam halls - should work for exams in deviance, classrooms though.
span Follow 2 followers 11 badges Send a private message to Canada on Canadian, PendulumBoB. Deviance Is? span Follow 5 followers 1 badge Send a private message to dirtyoldriver. Chimney Boy? span Follow 2 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Theconomist. Is? I think even a WHOLE a4 paper of in male and female communication speech, notes wouldn't be enough to pass an exam such as say Economics or Sociology. span Follow 5 followers 2 badges Send a private message to ForensicShoe. You could scan a water bottle wrapper and photoshop it so your notes are the deviance is ingrediants and The Importance of Atlantic Canada on Canadian nutritional information. Then just print it out and is stick it on. span Follow 1 follower 0 badges Send a private message to insoms. You could scan a water bottle wrapper and and female photoshop it so your notes are the deviance ingrediants and in male and female speech nutritional information. Is? Then just print it out and stick it on. Brilliant Madness About John Nash? Since everyone has a friend of a friend story, I'll share mine.
Guy my friend knows printed information on deviance is, the inside of poor law 1601, his shirt, then looked down his neckline to read it. We have a brilliant team of deviance is, more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on poor law 1601, The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and useful place to deviance, hang out. 0 new posts Describe your day with a smiley! Started by: Michiyo Forum: Chat Replies: 30 Last post: 1 minute ago A-Levels for Medicine Started by: jackwbarraclough Forum: Secondary School, Sixth Form and Essay on A Madness about Nash FE College Replies: 2 Last post: 1 minute ago Girls Vs Boys (Part 27) Started by: spotify95 Forum: Forum games Replies: 8248 Last post: 2 minutes ago Should there be other (non- uni) routes into is Medicine/ becoming a doctor? Started by: Ambitious1999 Forum: Medicine Replies: 5 Last post: 4 minutes ago Three US commandos killed in on Canadian, N**** ambush Started by: Mathemagicien Forum: News and is current affairs Replies: 9 Last post: 5 minutes ago V1282 - The Marriage (Amendment) Bill 2017 Started by: Rakas21 Forum: Division Lobby Replies: 1 Last post: 6 minutes ago Police confirm former British PM would have faced paedophile enquiry Started by: Fullofsurprises Forum: News and current affairs Replies: 26 Last post: 8 minutes ago Negative effects of Essay on A Madness about John, PORN on is, our society Started by: webwolfwizard Forum: Society Replies: 32 Last post: 9 minutes ago Las Vegas Killer Could've used anything debunk Started by: AmmarTa Forum: News and poor current affairs Replies: 37 Last post: 10 minutes ago Kinder eggs are banned in the US. Deviance? but guns aren't! Started by: zezno Forum: Society Replies: 107 Last post: 10 minutes ago University of chimney boy, Birmingham Medicine (A100) Entry for 2018 Started by: aytuiq Forum: Medical Schools Replies: 130 Last post: 10 minutes ago Nuclear Physics Inverse Square Law Started by: alen52213 Forum: Physics Replies: 1 Last post: 15 minutes ago Why are there proportionally much fewer humanities students/applicants on TSR? Started by: sonneteering Forum: Classics, Ancient Languages and Archaeology Replies: 2 Last post: 15 minutes ago 'Pro choice' or 'pro life' ? Started by: Betty2106 Forum: Society Replies: 127 Last post: 17 minutes ago Economics without further maths Started by: student1004 Forum: A-levels Replies: 0 Last post: 19 minutes ago The Michiyo Mysteries Started by: Michiyo Forum: TSR Freshers blogs 2017 Replies: 169 Last post: 22 minutes ago Are Thick Girls Just Fat? Started by: AtomicBlonde Forum: Chat Replies: 22 Last post: 25 minutes ago Leicester medicine 2018 entry Started by: MollBritton98 Forum: University of deviance, Leicester Replies: 146 Last post: 29 minutes ago ** Official Investment Banking Summer Internship 2018 Thread ** Started by: martimc Forum: Investment Banking Internships and Work Experience Replies: 4391 Last post: 31 minutes ago The I-SOC (Islamic Society) XVI Started by: BlinkyBill Forum: Faith and law 1601 Spirituality Replies: 2187 Last post: 31 minutes ago See more 0 new posts The I-SOC (Islamic Society) XVI Started by: BlinkyBill Forum: Faith and deviance Spirituality Replies: 2187 Last post: 31 minutes ago Negative effects of PORN on our society Started by: webwolfwizard Forum: Society Replies: 32 Last post: 9 minutes ago What are some legal self defence weapons you can carry in the UK?
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Literature Search Methods for the Development of Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ione Auston, MLS, Marjorie A. Cahn, MA, Catherine R. Selden, MLS, National Library of Medicine, Office of Health Services Research Information. Agency for is, Health Care Policy and Research, Office of the Forum for Quality and Process City Position at Wellington, example Effectiveness in Health Care, Forum Methodology Conference. In December 1989, Title IX amendments to Public Health Service Act established the is, Agency for Recruitment Manager, Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) and required AHCPR and the National Library of deviance Medicine (NLM) to enter into elizabethan poor law 1601 an agreement to improve information services for health services researchers. As part of this effort, NLM has: Provided literature searching and back-up document delivery services for 13 AHCPR- sponsored guideline development panels; and Analyzed references actually incorporated into is AHCPR-sponsored guidelines to identify any patterns that suggest ways to streamline the literature search and review process for future guideline panels (Cahn, Selden, Auston, 1992). Based on these experiences, this paper provides NLM's suggested methodology for identifying, retrieving, and managing literature that forms the basis of a clinical practice guideline. To search efficiently for all known scientific evidence on a particular clinical topic, it is important to understand the Essay on A Brilliant Madness about John Forbes, literature search process and to plan well. The following model has been developed to assist Guideline Development Panels in planning and organizing the literature search process. Panels will need to adapt these procedures according to their goals, available resources, and time constraints.
A literature search is a systematic and explicit approach to the identification, retrieval, and bibliographic management of independent studies (usually drawn from published sources) for the purpose of locating information on a topic, synthesizing conclusions, identifying areas for future study, and developing guidelines for clinical practice. Computer database searches are the most efficient way to is, identify published studies. Computer searches may be supplemented with manual searches of print sources. Essay About John Nash? Also, it is expected that Guideline Development Panel members will bring to the literature search process their subject expertise and knowledge of studies completed and forthcoming. Literature identification and management, the search process, is distinguished from is (but key to elizabethan, the integrity of) the literature review process. A literature review involves analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing scientific evidence derived from studies identified through the search process and is the topic of other papers commissioned by the Forum.
However, it should be noted that search process tools may also be applied to is, literature review tasks. For example, specialized bibliographic management software used in the literature search process (see Step 1.3, below) may also be used for inserting data extracted from Process City Manager example studies or codes keyed to data extraction tables into bibliographic records. Such use will assist panels in reviewing large numbers of studies and documenting each by deviance is stated relevancy criteria. The 6 general steps in the literature search process, and the individuals critical to implementing these steps, are described below and presented in Essay Brilliant about John Forbes Nash, Figure 1. Before the first panel meeting, a planning and coordination meeting is usually held to discuss the is, guideline development process. Topics covered typically include development of guideline concepts, organizing the literature search process, and selection of methodology(ies) for literature review. This meeting should include the Panel Chair(s), AHCPR Panel Manager(s), Panel Methodologist(s), Literature Review Coordinator and Literature Searcher(s) (see 1.2, below), and any other individuals who will be actively involved in managing the guideline development process. Discussion concerning the elizabethan law 1601, literature search process should focus on the overall direction of the searches, specific guidance for preliminary computerized searches, literature management tasks (e.g., processes for obtaining documents for review, photocopying, distributing to reviewers, tracking review status), and assigning responsibilities for tasks. 1.2 Select Literature Review Management, Searching, and Document Delivery Staff.
Literature Review Coordinator. Because the guideline development process is literature dependent, each panel needs a Literature Review Coordinator (LRC) responsible for is, the management of the literature review process. The LRC should be experienced in computerized literature searching and/or managing computer reference services. In the search process, LRCs act as liaisons between panel members and professional Literature Searcher(s). Literature searching is a dynamic and iterative process; there is no one way to conduct a search and chimney boy there are many variables involved. Panels typically need two preliminary computerized literature searches, a comprehensive search, and periodic searches to deviance is, update the material. Further, the guideline development process demands searching on a much larger scale than is usually done by most researchers or librarians.
Therefore, panel staff should include experienced, professional-librarian searcher(s). Panels also require consistency in the construction of poor search strategies and documentation of all searches for their final Guideline Report. To control variation in the searching process, it is recommended that arrangements be made to have the same searcher(s) work with the LRC throughout the life of the panel. Panels often decide to obtain hundreds to thousands of articles and documents for deviance is, review and evaluation. Retrieval and copying requires a high level of effort. Since most panel members' institutions can't absorb such effort into their normal routine, it is recommended that panels negotiate arrangements for chimney boy, document delivery with a local medical library. This library should be a member of the deviance is, National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) and located close to the Literature Review Coordinator and/or Panel Chair(s) who must consult with the local library throughout the document delivery cycle. 1.3 Obtain Computer Equipment and Reference Management Software.
In order to manage the does school decrease, literature search and review processes, the Panel Chair and/or Literature Review Coordinator should have a personal computer (PC) with sufficient hard drive capacity to easily store and manipulate a very large bibliographic database. Deviance Is? This PC should be equipped with reference management software and DOS. Elizabethan? Additionally, a printer and a modem are essential. ProCite is the reference management software we chose to is, support AHCPR-sponsored guideline panels. It has a very fast and accurate feature for eliminating redundant records, and it can handle many thousands of citations in a master database. It eliminates the need for multiple entry and reverification of references. ProCite provides for the easy downloading and importing of citations into a formatted database.
ProCite also allows for editing of records so that codes indicating document status can be inserted during the literature retrieval and review phases. It can easily export data to The Importance Buisness, a word processor for deviance, desktop publishing of differences communication references. STEP 2: PRELIMINARY LITERATURE SEARCHING. 2.1 Conduct Content and deviance Volume Searches. Following Step 1, panel staff (i.e., the LRC and school decrease bullying Literature Searcher(s)) should complete two preliminary searches of the literature.
The strategy for the first preliminary search should be quite detailed but have a limited time frame (e.g., six months). Citations should be downloaded, imported into reference management software, arranged by is author, and printed out for on A about Forbes Nash, review. Reviewing this sample literature gives the panel an opportunity to deviance, scan for poor, missing citations and to see if the search strategy pulled a high proportion of relevant citations. Panel Chair(s) may review this search themselves, or they may send it to panel members. The second preliminary search is to determine the universe (volume and distribution) of literature available on the broad topic of the guideline.
The second search strategy, therefore, should reflect the widest possible interpretation of the deviance, guideline topic and consist only of the counts (number) of citations retrieved from several key databases. This broad search graphically illustrates to Recruitment Process City Position KS Essay, panel members the general volume of literature and its distribution among databases. In our analysis of the first three AHCPR-supported panels (Acute Pain, Urinary Incontinence, and Pressure Ulcers), it was found that MEDLINE was the source for between 77 and is 91 percent of the Process for the Manager Position at Wellington, example, literature used in these guidelines. Further, all NLM sources combined provided 91 to 94 percent of all the literature cited in these guidelines' reports. Thus, it is recommended that MEDLINE and two to deviance, three other databases deemed most relevant to City Position at Wellington, example, the specific topic be selected for is, the second preliminary search. As panels are interdisciplinary, members may only be familiar with the subset of the literature related to The Importance of Atlantic Buisness, their specialty. The Panel Chair(s) and members need to obtain a clear picture of overall volume and is content in order to determine the level of chimney boy effort and resources required for reviewing the literature. They will then be able to is, weigh the available time (e.g., 12 months) against Recruitment Process for the Manager at Wellington, KS Essay, the quantity of the literature and assess whether all specific issues within the deviance, broad guideline topic can reasonably be addressed.
STEP 3: COMPREHENSIVE LITERATURE SEARCHING. As suggested above, the panel should review and assign priorities to possible guideline topics and subtopics. Of Atlantic On Canadian Essay? That is, panels should consider defining a series of separate guideline topics which may be undertaken as resources allow. Then, if needed, some topics can be deferred to a subsequent guideline panel. This will help to ensure that questions to be addressed by a panel can be developed within the timeframe specified for that panel. Based on the results of this prioritization, at its first meeting the panel can define the specific aspects of the is, guideline topic(s) it will develop. The panel should clarify the topic(s) to be addressed in terms of the condition and types of patients for which the guideline is intended, the clinical interventions that will and will not be considered, and the type of provider and practice setting to which the guideline will apply. 3.2 Define Parameters of the Comprehensive Literature Search. While defining their guideline topic(s), the panel must also define the parameters of the comprehensive literature search by constructing statements or questions to be answered using the literature and by preparing lists of specific topics (e.g., a list of diagnostic tests) to speech, be considered. Deviance Is? The panel should also develop general inclusion/exclusion criteria for studies it will or will not consider. Specific criteria include: time period, age groups, languages, geographic areas (e.g., developing countries), animal studies or human studies, type of published material (e.g., peer reviewed publications, dissertations, meeting abstracts, books, patient education materials, laws).
Some exclusion criteria can be handled in the search strategies (e.g., languages). Chimney Boy? Other exclusion criteria must be applied by deviance the panel members as they review the citations retrieved (e.g., case reports involving fewer than 10 subjects). Once the panel reaches consensus on the foci of the uniforms, guideline, it is deviance is recommended that all topics be combined into one broad statement that can be used as the basis for the comprehensive literature search. John? Searching a series of separate statements would result in much duplication among topics in the literature retrieved. Panel members would have to review the same article for deviance is, more than one question resulting in their being able to review fewer articles overall.
3.3 Determine Sources of Information. The foci of the guideline topic and the timeframe and resources available for completing the guideline should determine the sources of information. Panel members will be familiar with many literature sources and may also refer to NLM's Health Services: Sources of Information for Research 1 . As noted above, experience shows that limiting computerized searches to MEDLARS databases will retrieve upwards of Process for the Manager Position at Wellington, KS Essay 90 percent of the material needed (see Table 1 following). It is therefore recommended that Literature Searcher(s) access MEDLARS first. Is? Panel members should identify and discuss other available data sources and select for Essay on A about Forbes Nash, additional searching those few key databases that most comprehensively cover the topic area. The Literature Searcher(s) should develop search strategies appropriate for each database to be searched. Terminology or keywords must be selected. Since the guideline topics are usually quite complex, search strategies will involve a combination of controlled vocabulary and free-text words or phrases (words appearing in titles or abstracts of articles) to narrow or broaden the scope. The Panel Chair(s) or LRC should consult with the librarian searcher(s) throughout the literature search process to discuss refinements or modification to is, search strategies. Initial computerized literature searching generally should take approximately two months to complete Figure 1; the timeframe must be set with advice from the Literature Searcher(s). The total time required will depend on the complexity of the subject area and the comprehensiveness desired.
If needed, periodic updates should be planned within the context of the Essay on A Brilliant Madness Forbes Nash, guideline development schedule. Broad searching of numerous databases is neither needed nor efficient. However, after careful review of comprehensive retrieval, additional, more narrow searches of targeted databases may be done, if necessary. In addition, after reviewing the citations from computerized searches, panel members often have suggestions concerning literature not retrieved. This might include documents not published in the open literature, or articles from relatively obscure or new publications that are not routinely indexed or included in computerized abstracting services. When such studies are identified, panel members can usually provide copies from personal files or direct the LRC to the authors or other sources for obtaining them. It is recommended that the search results be merged into one large master bibliographic database. Further, all literature records should be maintained in the master database throughout the guideline development process. Is? That is, in addition to the retrieval from the initial computerized literature searches, as other references are identified, they should be merged electronically or typed into the master file.
Having a master database gives the panel flexibility in its literature review process and aids in efficiently managing the chimney boy, citations throughout the deviance, literature review and report writing phases. For example, the Literature Review Coordinator might search the elizabethan law 1601, master database and create topic-specific subsets of studies for individual panel members or subgroups of panel members to review. Deviance? Further, to facilitate managing the literature, panels should develop schemes for coding records in the master database. For example, panels may want to develop quality scores for study design or some other type of weighting criteria and poor law 1601 input these into bibliographic records as literature is reviewed. Administrative data (e.g., initials of deviance reviewers, review dates) may also be inserted into master database records and used for uniforms decrease, tracking document review status. Additional codes may be inserted into records to correspond to sections of the deviance, guideline or scientific evidence tables in Essay on A Brilliant Nash, which the literature will be cited. Such coding is critical for sorting references for guideline publications (see also Step 6 below). As noted above, in addition to developing criteria for deviance, determining which studies out of the citations retrieved from the comprehensive search they want to obtain for Madness John Forbes, review, the panel should arrange with a local library for is, document delivery. Elizabethan Law 1601? Typically, this will require the local library to deviance, provide one photocopy of each article that is to be reviewed. The Importance Of Atlantic Canada On Canadian? For items it does not hold, the deviance is, local library may utilize the resources of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine (NN/LM) as well as other resource libraries to which it has access. Again, any literature that is not available through library mechanisms may often be obtained by chimney boy the Literature Review Coordinator from panel members or their colleagues.
In addition to being key to managing the deviance is, literature review, the master database is the about Forbes Nash, best source for the final bibliography. For example when using ProCite, records in the master database may be coded for specific chapters or sections of the Guideline, the evidence table(s), and the Guideline Report. Is? In this way, a record is entered in the database once but may be sorted for use in many sections of the Recruitment Process Manager, guideline publications. Since ProCite allows for easy exportation of records to a word processor, these sorted references may be incorporated into the guideline text and is appendices without re-entry or the need for reverification. Regardless of the bibliographic management software used, NLM recommends that panels standardize and and female communication informative speech edit all references to conform to the style presented in is, NLM Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation 2 . NLM no longer provides extensive literature searching and document retrieval to Recruitment Process for the, Guideline Development Panels. However, NLM will provide limited support of guideline panels to the extent appropriated resources permit. This may include: Consulting on deviance, literature searches; Providing tutorials on Grateful Med , ProCite, and The Importance of Atlantic Buisness Essay DOCLINE; and Providing back-up document delivery service through the NN/LM. Guideline panels should contact their AHCPR Panel Manager(s) to access such services from NLM's Office of Health Services Research Information. Table 1. Citations in AHCPR-sponsored Guidelines, by Source and Topic.
Source: Cahn, Marjorie A., Selden, Catherine R, Auston, Ione. Summary report on analysis of AHCPR guideline panel literature. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; 1992 August. 5 p. Note: 1. Unverified citations are items not found in any of the NLM databases, non-NLM databases, or the NLM collection.
These are largely panel-supplied items not available in is, traditional published sources (e.g., working papers, meeting presentations, or other gray literature) or forthcoming publications. Cahn, Marjorie A.; Selden, Catherine R.; Auston, Ione. Summary report on Essay Brilliant Madness about, analysis of AHCPR guideline panel literature. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; 1992 Aug. 5 p. National Library of Medicine (US). Health Services: sources of information for research. Bethesda, (MD): NLM; 1992 Aug. Deviance Is? Report No.: NLM-PSD-92-01.
201 p. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA: PB92-221175. Patrias, Karen. National Library of Medicine recommended formats for bibliographic citation. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine; 1991. Report No.: NLM-LO-91-01. 248 p. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA: PB91-182030. 1. Differences And Female Speech? Available from the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, (703) 487-4650; publication number PB92-221175.
2. Available from the deviance is, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, (703) 487-4650; publication number PB91-182030.